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Applied Behavioral Analyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866578/bring-it-to-the-pitch-combining-video-and-movement-data-to-enhance-team-sport-analysis
#1
Manuel Stein, Halldor Janetzko, Andreas Lamprecht, Thorsten Breitkreutz, Philipp Zimmermann, Bastian Goldlucke, Tobias Schreck, Gennady Andrienko, Michael Grossniklaus, Daniel A Keim
Analysts in professional team sport regularly perform analysis to gain strategic and tactical insights into player and team behavior. Goals of team sport analysis regularly include identification of weaknesses of opposing teams, or assessing performance and improvement potential of a coached team. Current analysis workflows are typically based on the analysis of team videos. Also, analysts can rely on techniques from Information Visualization, to depict e.g., player or ball trajectories. However, video analysis is typically a time-consuming process, where the analyst needs to memorize and annotate scenes...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845348/tricare-applied-behavior-analysis-aba-benefit-comparison-with-medicaid-and-commercial-benefits
#2
Margaret Maglione, Srikanth Kadiyala, Amii Kress, Jaime L Hastings, Claire E O'Hanlon
This study compared the Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) benefit provided by TRICARE as an early intervention for autism spectrum disorder with similar benefits in Medicaid and commercial health insurance plans. The sponsor, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, was particularly interested in how a proposed TRICARE reimbursement rate decrease from $125 per hour to $68 per hour for ABA services performed by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst compared with reimbursement rates (defined as third-party payment to the service provider) in Medicaid and commercial health insurance plans...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500214/efficacy-of-the-telemedical-lifestyle-intervention-program-telipro-in-advanced-stages-of-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Kerstin Kempf, Bernd Altpeter, Janine Berger, Oliver Reuß, Matthias Fuchs, Michael Schneider, Babette Gärtner, Katja Niedermeier, Stephan Martin
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle interventions are the foundation of treatment in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. However, their therapeutic potential in advanced disease stages is unknown. We evaluated the efficacy of the Telemedical Lifestyle intervention Program (TeLiPro) in improving metabolic control in advanced-stage type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this single-blind, active comparator, intervention study, patients with type 2 diabetes (with glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] ≥7...
July 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467023/the-discounting-model-selector-statistical-software-for-delay-discounting-applications
#4
Shawn P Gilroy, Christopher T Franck, Donald A Hantula
Original, open-source computer software was developed and validated against established delay discounting methods in the literature. The software executed approximate Bayesian model selection methods from user-supplied temporal discounting data and computed the effective delay 50 (ED50) from the best performing model. Software was custom-designed to enable behavior analysts to conveniently apply recent statistical methods to temporal discounting data with the aid of a graphical user interface (GUI). The results of independent validation of the approximate Bayesian model selection methods indicated that the program provided results identical to that of the original source paper and its methods...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408014/cost-effectiveness-thresholds-in-global-health-taking-a-multisectoral-perspective
#5
Michelle Remme, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Anna Vassall
Good health is a function of a range of biological, environmental, behavioral, and social factors. The consumption of quality health care services is therefore only a part of how good health is produced. Although few would argue with this, the economic framework used to allocate resources to optimize population health is applied in a way that constrains the analyst and the decision maker to health care services. This approach risks missing two critical issues: 1) multiple sectors contribute to health gain and 2) the goods and services produced by the health sector can have multiple benefits besides health...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078664/behavior-analysts-in-the-war-on-poverty-a-review-of-the-use-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-education-and-employment
#6
REVIEW
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Kenneth Silverman
Poverty is a pervasive risk factor underlying poor health. Many interventions that have sought to reduce health disparities associated with poverty have focused on improving health-related behaviors of low-income adults. Poverty itself could be targeted to improve health, but this approach would require programs that can consistently move poor individuals out of poverty. Governments and other organizations in the United States have tested a diverse range of antipoverty programs, generally on a large scale and in conjunction with welfare reform initiatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920965/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-supervision-intensity-supervisor-qualifications-and-caseload-on-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Dennis R Dixon, Erik Linstead, Doreen Granpeesheh, Marlena N Novack, Ryan French, Elizabeth Stevens, Laura Stevens, Alva Powell
Ample research has shown the benefits of intensive applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD); research that investigates the role of treatment supervision, however, is limited. The present study examined the relationship between mastery of learning objectives and supervision hours, supervisor credentials, years of experience, and caseload in a large sample of children with ASD (N = 638). These data were retrieved from a large archival database of children with ASD receiving community-based ABA services...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920964/the-apprentice-an-innovative-approach-to-meet-the-behavior-analysis-certification-board-s-supervision-standards
#8
Breanne K Hartley, William T Courtney, Mary Rosswurm, Vincent J LaMarca
The Behavior Analysis Certification Board continues to increase the standards for supervision of trainees, which is needed in order for the field to continually improve. However, this presents a challenge for organizations to meet the needs of both their clients and their supervisees based on these increasing standards. Throughout the ages, experts in all trades have passed along their knowledge and skill through apprenticeship opportunities. An apprenticeship supervision model is described that allows Board Certified Behavior Analysts to supervise future behavior analysts by mentoring, educating, and training supervisees on the science of human behavior in a format that is mutually beneficial...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920960/towards-a-competency-based-ethical-and-socially-valid-approach-to-the-supervision-of-applied-behavior-analytic-trainees
#9
Laura B Turner, Aaron J Fischer, James K Luiselli
Competency-based supervision of trainees has recently come to the forefront of behavior analytic practice; however, there are minimal data to support the effectiveness of various supervision practices on trainee outcomes. Accordingly, this paper is intended to spark further discussion and research activity regarding the supervision of those seeking to become Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA). We present a practice model and considerations for supervising applied behavior analytic trainees consistent with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) Supervisor Training Curriculum Outline (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2012b), the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2014), and extant literature from behavior analysis and related fields...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622129/bacb-certification-trends-state-of-the-states-1999-to-2014
#10
Neil Deochand, R Wayne Fuqua
Since the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) was officially created in 1998 (Shook, 2005), the number of individuals certified by the BACB has grown significantly, particularly in the USA. Some states have witnessed a steady growth in the number of certificants, whereas others have witnessed exponential growth. Many factors could account for these overall growth patterns, including (a) geographic variations in distribution of certificants across states, (b) the passage of autism insurance reform laws or state licensing laws that influence the professional practice of applied behavior analysis (ABA) services, and (c) the presence of major academic or practicum training programs...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606251/the-practical-importance-of-the-distinction-between-open-and-closed-ended-indirect-assessments
#11
Mitch J Fryling, Natalia A Baires
The identification of functional relations is a hallmark of applied behavior analysis. Building upon this foundation, applied behavior analysts have developed and researched a number of practices that fall within the purview of Functional Behavioral Assessment, a framework used to understand factors that influence a target behavior. Indeed, there now exists a wide range of procedures that fall within the purview of Functional Behavioral Assessment, with different procedures being associated with different strengths and limitations...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606236/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-individuals-with-disabilities-a-behavior-analytic-strategy-for-addressing-private-events-in-challenging-behavior
#12
Audrey N Hoffmann, Bethany P Contreras, Casey J Clay, Michael P Twohig
Applied behavior analysts work with many populations including individuals with developmental and intellectual disabilities. Although behavior analysts have a variety of empirically supported treatments to implement when working with individuals with disabilities, sometimes, other variables may adversely impact treatment effectiveness. The degree to which problematic thoughts and feelings (private events) influence behavior may be a variable that contributes to treatment efficacy. Traditional behavior analytic services are not always equipped to successfully address the private events influencing client behavior...
March 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606193/necessity-and-opportunity-the-1-year-master-s-aba-program-at-auburn-university
#13
James M Johnston
The Auburn University Master of Science program in Applied Behavior Analysis was designed to accommodate not only the requirements of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board for approved course sequences and practicum training, but unavoidable limitations in faculty and other resources. These limitations were incompatible with the more traditional 2-year curriculum model, so a 1-year program was designed that met the necessary conditions. This article describes the resulting academic and practicum curriculum, the key funding mechanisms that allowed the program to develop, and the opportunities and benefits that this model afforded...
May 2016: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274962/determining-how-when-and-whether-you-should-publish-outside-the-box-sober-advice-for-early-career-behavior-analysts
#14
Derek D Reed
Publishing outside of behavior analysis is necessary for the field's impact in advancing its science or improving its treatments. As consumers of behavior analysis, we typically only see the success stories in outlets such as the Journal for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and The Behavior Analyst. Lacking from these models is a description of the hard work and occasional missteps that accompany dissemination outside the box. In this paper, I propose that prospective disseminators need to (a) critically evaluate what they have to say, (b) carefully consider the field's interests, and (c) honestly analyze professional and personal contingencies to determine whether publishing outside the box should be a priority, depending on one's stage of professional development...
October 2014: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274958/the-evidence-based-practice-of-applied-behavior-analysis
#15
Timothy A Slocum, Ronnie Detrich, Susan M Wilczynski, Trina D Spencer, Teri Lewis, Katie Wolfe
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a model of professional decision-making in which practitioners integrate the best available evidence with client values/context and clinical expertise in order to provide services for their clients. This framework provides behavior analysts with a structure for pervasive use of the best available evidence in the complex settings in which they work. This structure recognizes the need for clear and explicit understanding of the strength of evidence supporting intervention options, the important contextual factors including client values that contribute to decision making, and the key role of clinical expertise in the conceptualization, intervention, and evaluation of cases...
May 2014: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274957/gamification-the-intersection-between-behavior-analysis-and-game-design-technologies
#16
Zachary H Morford, Benjamin N Witts, Kenneth J Killingsworth, Mark P Alavosius
Deterding et al. (Proceedings of the 15th International Academic MindTrek Conference: Envisioning Future Media Environments, USA 15: 9-15, 2011) report a recent rise in popularity of video game inspired software designed to address issues in a variety of areas, including health, energy conservation, education, and business. These applications have been based on the concept of gamification, which involves a process by which nongame activities are designed to be more like a game. We provide examples of how gamification has been used to increase health-related behavior, energy consumption, academic performance, and other socially-significant behavior...
May 2014: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158271/methods-for-acquiring-mri-data-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-impairment-without-the-use-of-sedation
#17
Christine Wu Nordahl, Melissa Mello, Audrey M Shen, Mark D Shen, Laurie A Vismara, Deana Li, Kayla Harrington, Costin Tanase, Beth Goodlin-Jones, Sally Rogers, Leonard Abbeduto, David G Amaral
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been widely used in studies evaluating the neuropathology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies are often limited, however, to higher functioning individuals with ASD. MRI studies of individuals with ASD and comorbid intellectual disability (ID) are lacking, due in part to the challenges of acquiring images without the use of sedation. METHODS: Utilizing principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA), we developed a protocol for acquiring structural MRI scans in school-aged children with ASD and intellectual impairment...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088069/keeping-current-with-the-applied-behavior-analytic-literature-in-developmental-disabilities-noteworthy-articles-for-the-practicing-behavior-analyst
#18
Jennifer M Gillis, James E Carr
To meet the appropriate standard of care for their clients, practicing behavior analysts must stay in close contact with the scholarly literature. As one step toward this important goal, we provide an annotated bibliography of recent articles that are deemed to have relevance to behavioral practitioners in the area of developmental disabilities.
May 2014: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990754/multiple-schedules-in-practical-application-research-trends-and-implications-for-future-investigation
#19
Valdeep Saini, Scott A Miller, Wayne W Fisher
Researchers began studying multiple schedules in basic laboratories, but recent advances have extended research on multiple schedules to a wide variety of socially significant applications, especially during the last decade. Applied researchers have used multiple schedules to (a) promote stimulus control over high-rate appropriate behaviors, (b) thin the schedule of reinforcement following functional communication training, and (c) obtain stimulus control over problem behaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement...
June 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989599/comparison-of-two-dimension-reduction-methods-for-network-simulation-models
#20
Kevin L Mills, James J Filliben
Experimenters characterize the behavior of simulation models for data communications networks by measuring multiple responses under selected parameter combinations. The resulting multivariate data may include redundant responses reflecting aspects of a smaller number of underlying behaviors. Reducing the dimension of multivariate responses can reveal the most significant model behaviors, allowing subsequent analyses to focus on one response per behavior. This paper investigates two methods for reducing dimension in multivariate data generated from simulation models...
September 2011: Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
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