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biostatistics and epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457920/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-reporting-quality-of-published-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-fall-injuries
#1
Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazrgani, Iman Dianat
To evaluate the quality of reporting in published randomized controlled trials (RTCs) in the field of fall injuries. The 188 RTCs published between 2001 and 2011, indexed in EMBASE and Medline databases were extracted through searching by appropriate keywords and EMTree classification terms. The evaluation trustworthiness was assured through parallel evaluations of two experts in epidemiology and biostatistics. About 40%-75% of papers had problems in reporting random allocation method, allocation concealment, random allocation implementation, blinding and similarity among groups, intention to treat and balancing benefits and harms...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438623/interdisciplinary-dissertation-research-among-public-health-doctoral-trainees-2003-2015
#2
Elizabeth H Golembiewski, Ann M Holmes, Joanna R Jackson, Brittany L Brown-Podgorski, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421009/how-well-does-early-career-investigators-cardiovascular-outcomes-research-training-align-with-funded-outcomes-research
#3
Matthew J Crowley, Sana M Al-Khatib, Tracy Y Wang, Prateeti Khazanie, Nancy R Kressin, Harlan M Krumholz, Catarina I Kiefe, Barbara L Wells, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Gillian D Sanders
BACKGROUND: Outcomes research training programs should prepare trainees to successfully compete for research funding. We examined how early-career investigators' prior and desired training aligns with recently funded cardiovascular (CV) outcomes research. METHODS: We (1) reviewed literature to identify 13 core competency areas in CV outcomes research; (2) surveyed early-career investigators to understand their prior and desired training in each competency area; (3) examined recently funded grants commonly pursued by early-career outcomes researchers to ascertain available funding in competency areas; and (4) analyzed alignment between investigator training and funded research in each competency area...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419546/characteristics-of-successful-internal-medicine-resident-research-projects-predictors-of-journal-publication-versus-abstract-presentation
#4
Auras R Atreya, Mihaela Stefan, Jennifer L Friderici, Reva Kleppel, Janice Fitzgerald, Michael B Rothberg
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics of successful research projects at an internal medicine residency program with an established research curriculum. METHOD: The authors collected data about all research projects initiated by or involving medicine residents from 2006 to 2013 at Baystate Medical Center, using departmental files and institutional review board applications. Resident and mentor characteristics were determined using personnel files and Medline searches...
February 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319603/population-neuroscience-dementia-epidemiology-serving-precision-medicine-and-population-health
#5
Mary Ganguli, Emiliano Albanese, Sudha Seshadri, David A Bennett, Constantine Lyketsos, Walter A Kukull, Ingmar Skoog, Hugh C Hendrie
Over recent decades, epidemiology has made significant contributions to our understanding of dementia, translating scientific discoveries into population health. Here, we propose reframing dementia epidemiology as "population neuroscience," blending techniques and models from contemporary neuroscience with those of epidemiology and biostatistics. On the basis of emerging evidence and newer paradigms and methods, population neuroscience will minimize the bias typical of traditional clinical research, identify the relatively homogenous subgroups that comprise the general population, and investigate broader and denser phenotypes of dementia and cognitive impairment...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319150/report-on-paediatric-care-in-the-moroccan-military-mission-in-the-gaza-strip
#6
Abdelhakim Elyajouri, Rachid Abilkacem, Aomar Agadr
This report aims to describe the epidemiologic findings of the workload associated with paediatric consultation of the Moroccan Military field hospital in the Gaza Strip. The patient Administration System and Biostatistics Activity database was reviewed and queried for all patients < 15 years of age who were consulted in the Moroccan Army hospital in the Gaza Strip between November 2012 to February 2013. Paediatric consultations during the study period were 7420 (19.9%) out of 37 227 consultations. The largest proportion of children were from 2 to 13 years old (3066 of 7420 children; 41...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162017/public-health-educational-comprehensiveness-the-strategic-rationale-in-establishing-networks-among-schools-of-public-health
#7
Robert Otok, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Anders Foldspang
The establishment and continuing development of a sufficient and competent public health workforce is fundamental for the planning, implementation, evaluation, effect and ethical validity of public health strategies and policies and, thus, for the development of the population's health and the cost-effectiveness of health and public health systems and interventions. Professional public health strategy-making demands a background of a comprehensive multi-disciplinary curriculum including mutually, dynamically coherent competences - not least, competences in sociology and other behavioural sciences and their interaction with, for example, epidemiology, biostatistics, qualitative methods and health promotion and disease prevention...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094100/primary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-resource-stratified-guideline
#8
Silvina Arrossi, Sarah Temin, Suzanne Garland, Linda O'Neal Eckert, Neerja Bhatla, Xavier Castellsagué, Sharifa Ezat Alkaff, Tamika Felder, Doudja Hammouda, Ryo Konno, Gilberto Lopes, Emmanuel Mugisha, Rául Murillo, Isabel C Scarinci, Margaret Stanley, Vivien Tsu, Cosette M Wheeler, Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Silvia de Sanjosé
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified (four tiers), evidence-based recommendations on the primary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, obstetrics/gynecology, public health, cancer control, epidemiology/biostatistics, health economics, behavioral/implementation science, and patient advocacy experts. The Expert Panel reviewed existing guidelines and conducted a modified ADAPTE process and a formal consensus-based process with additional experts (consensus ratings group) for one round of formal ratings...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#9
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#10
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937359/chi-square-and-fisher-s-exact-tests-from-the-biostatistics-and-epidemiology-lecture-series-part-1
#11
Amy Nowacki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937358/basics-of-study-design-practical-considerations-from-the-biostatistics-and-epidemiology-lecture-series-part-1
#12
Robert L Chatburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937357/the-architecture-of-clinical-research-from-the-biostatistics-and-epidemiology-lecture-series-part-1
#13
James K Stoller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937356/introduction-biostatistics-and-epidemiology-lecture-series-part-1
#14
Aanchal Kapoor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926390/misconceptions-misuses-and-misinterpretations-of-p-values-and-significance-testing
#15
Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern
The interpretation and reporting of p values and significance testing in biomedical research are fraught with misconceptions and inaccuracies. Publications of peer-reviewed research in orthopaedics are not immune to such problems. The American Statistical Association (ASA) recently published an official statement on the use, misuse, and misinterpretation of statistical testing and p values in applied research. The ASA statement discussed 6 principles: (1) "P-values can indicate how incompatible the data are with a specified statistical model...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842085/what-is-the-current-role-and-factors-for-success-of-the-journal-club-in-podiatric-foot-and-ankle-surgery-residency-training-programs
#16
Eric So, Christopher F Hyer, Marcus P Richardson, Randall C Thomas
The journal club (JC) is a traditional part of postgraduate medical education, although little has been written on its current role in podiatric surgical training programs. The goal of the present study was to determine how JCs are conducted and the factors associated with their success. Anonymous electronic surveys were distributed to all podiatric foot and ankle surgical training program directors in the United States with a valid e-mail address. A total of 202 surveys were initially e-mailed to training program directors, with a second and third round sent to those who did not respond...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#17
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562502/prescribers-knowledge-and-skills-for-interpreting-research-results-a-systematic-review
#18
Leila Kahwati, Dennis Carmody, Nancy Berkman, Helen W Sullivan, Kathryn J Aikin, Jessica DeFrank
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate medication prescribing may be influenced by a prescriber's ability to understand and interpret medical research. The objective of this review was to synthesize the research related to prescribers' critical appraisal knowledge and skills-defined as the understanding of statistical methods, biases in studies, and relevance and validity of evidence. METHODS: We searched PubMed and other databases from January 1990 through September 2015. Two reviewers independently screened and selected studies of any design conducted in the United States, the United Kingdom, or Canada that involved prescribers and that objectively measured critical appraisal knowledge, skills, understanding, attitudes, or prescribing behaviors...
April 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504870/a-critical-evaluation-of-the-current-p-value-controversy
#19
REVIEW
Stefan Wellek
This article has been triggered by the initiative launched in March 2016 by the Board of Directors of the American Statistical Association (ASA) to counteract the current p-value focus of statistical research practices that allegedly "have contributed to a reproducibility crisis in science." It is pointed out that in the very wide field of statistics applied to medicine, many of the problems raised in the ASA statement are not as severe as in the areas the authors may have primarily in mind, although several of them are well-known experts in biostatistics and epidemiology...
September 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#20
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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