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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469595/combined-treatment-for-skin-laxity-of-the-aging-face-with-monopolar-radiofrequency-and-intense-focused-ultrasound-in-korean-subjects
#1
Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Won-Yong Lee, Sun Chul Choi, Jae Yoon Jung, Youin Bae, Gyeong-Hun Park
BACKGROUND: Although various minimal invasive approaches are available for aging skin laxity, they alone may not lead to notably satisfactory results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combination regimen with monopolar radiofrequency (MRF) and intense-focused ultrasound (IFUS) in facial lifting and tightening. METHODS: Twenty-two Korean participants with aging face received a sequential single session of MRF and IFUS treatment...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468209/juvenile-xanthogranuloma-involving-concurrent-iris-and-skin-clinical-pathological-and-molecular-pathological-evaluations
#2
Peter Meyer, Elisabeth Graeff, Corina Kohler, Francis Munier, Elisabeth Bruder
Purpose: To report a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma involving the iris and skin that clincally was diagnosed with an obvious cutaneous lesion. Observations: A four month-old girl with hyphema and increased intraocular pressure of the left eye persisting for 2 weeks. A suspicious yellow-brown mass with nodular surface and traversed by irregular vascularization was noted on the inferior iris surface. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM; 35 MHz) of the mass revealed multiple nodular irregular hyperreflective lesions in the peripheral iris...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468068/a-case-report-of-thrombosed-varicosities-of-pubic-collateral-veins-ideal-treatment-strategy-and-contribution-of-era-imaging-technologies-in-diagnosis
#3
Daniel Paramythiotis, Patroklos Goulas, Petros Bangeas, Argiris Giannopoulos, Kostantinos Kapoulas, Vasileios Rafailidis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Kiriakos Ktenidis, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Antonis Michalopoulos
Collateral circulation is an alternative path occurring in case of venous or artery obstruction. This path may usually develop after primary recanalization. In our case, a 62-year-old woman presented to our Emergency Department complaining about a suprapubic swelling with a cyanotic discoloration of the overlying skin for the past 10 days for which she had been previously prescribed antibiotics. Investigation with ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed. An imaging study revealed thrombosed pubic varicose collateral veins due to deep vein obstruction and occlusion of the left external iliac vein...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466312/split-ring-resonator-sensor-penetration-depth-assessment-using-in-vivo-microwave-reflectivity-and-ultrasound-measurements-for-lower-extremity-trauma-rehabilitation
#4
Syaiful Redzwan Mohd Shah, Jacob Velander, Parul Mathur, Mauricio D Perez, Noor Badariah Asan, Dhanesh G Kurup, Taco J Blokhuis, Robin Augustine
In recent research, microwave sensors have been used to follow up the recovery of lower extremity trauma patients. This is done mainly by monitoring the changes of dielectric properties of lower limb tissues such as skin, fat, muscle, and bone. As part of the characterization of the microwave sensor, it is crucial to assess the signal penetration in in vivo tissues. This work presents a new approach for investigating the penetration depth of planar microwave sensors based on the Split-Ring Resonator in the in vivo context of the femoral area...
February 21, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465610/col6a-and-lama2-mutation-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#5
Sumit Verma, Parul Goyal, Lokesh Guglani, Charlotte Peinhardt, Diane Pelzek, Paul E Barkhaus
OBJECTIVES: COL6A and LAMA2 are subtypes of congenital muscular dystrophy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of clinical findings, spirometry, muscle histology, muscle ultrasound, neuroimaging, and Electromyography (EMG)/Nerve Conduction Study data in genetically confirmed COL6A and LAMA2 subjects. RESULTS: We identified 8 COL6A and 6 LAMA2 subjects: the female-to-male ratio was 1.3:1 and the mean age was 11.9 ± 3.6 years. Gross motor delays since birth, proximal muscle weakness, and contractures were noted in both groups...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464748/prospective-randomized-study-evaluating-ultrasound-versus-fluoroscopy-guided-sacral-interstim%C3%A2-lead-placement-a-pilot-study
#6
Jaschar Shakuri-Rad, Arman Cicic, Jannah Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of intraoperative ultrasound during stage I InterStim® sacral lead placement. METHODS: A total of 40 patients were randomly assigned to undergo InterStim® lead placement utilizing fluoroscopy or ultrasound guidance. Patients were blinded for the duration of the study. The surgeon and staff were blinded until after induction of anesthesia. Patients met criteria for refractory overactive bladder, fecal incontinence, or both. The ICIQ-OABqol, OABSS, and FIQL validated questionnaires were used pre- and post-operatively...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460276/surgery-for-trigger-finger
#7
REVIEW
Haroldo Junior Fiorini, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Mário Lenza, Joao Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flávio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Trigger finger is a common clinical disorder, characterised by pain and catching as the patient flexes and extends digits because of disproportion between the diameter of flexor tendons and the A1 pulley. The treatment approach may include non-surgical or surgical treatments. Currently there is no consensus about the best surgical treatment approach (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different methods of surgical treatment for trigger finger (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches) in adults at any stage of the disease...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441097/the-feasibility-of-using-ultrasound-during-follow-up-for-superficial-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-after-electronic-brachytherapy
#8
Uma Goyal, Justin Suszko, Baldassarre Stea
Purpose: Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) can be treated with a number of modalities including surgery, topical chemotherapy, or radiotherapy. Amongst the radiotherapeutic options, electronic brachytherapy (eBT) is an appealing treatment as it is usually given in a few fractions, it leads to good outcomes, and is increasingly being used. However, currently no follow-up imaging is routinely used or recommended to evaluate treatment response of NMSC. We aimed to use ultrasound (US) in follow-up after eBT for superficial NMSC to assess its feasibility in detecting possible tumor response...
December 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438146/the-characterization-of-plantar-skin-across-environmental-condition-and-time
#9
Deborah M Wendland, Stephen H Sprigle
OBJECTIVE: In the presence of pathologic conditions such as diabetes or neuropathy and activity-related forces, the plantar surface of the foot is a common place for skin breakdown. With this risk, foundational knowledge of typical plantar skin behavior is needed. The purpose of this study was to characterize the plantar skin properties (tangential stiffness, normal compliance, and thickness) across environmental condition and time. DESIGN AND SETTING: Nonexperimental laboratory design...
March 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433116/-mr-guided-focused-ultrasound
#10
Hideki Mochizuki, Noriaki Hattori
Since the middle of the 20th century and in order to treat neurological diseases, clinicians have proposed the use of ultrasound, instead of skin incision or trepanation, when performing intracranial thermocoagulation. However, focusing ultrasound intracranially with high precision was technically difficult until recent technological developments. Specifically, advancements in ultrasound phased-array transducers have eliminated the need for a craniotomy, and progress in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has allowed the real-time measurement of intracranial temperature...
February 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431260/a-feasibility-study-of-non-invasive-ablation-of-ventricular-tachycardia-using-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#11
Fei Lü, Wei Huang, David G Benditt
BACKGROUND: Current transcatheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) techniques is limited in part by its invasive nature and superficial depth of ablation lesions. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at evaluating the feasibility of targeted ablation of cardiac tissues using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as a potential means for non-invasive ablation of VT. METHODS: Ablation of ventricular myocardium was performed in anesthetized closed-chest dogs using a HIFU therapeutic system that is currently used clinically for ablation of human solid tumors...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426287/preoperative-versus-postoperative-ultrasound-guided-rectus-sheath-block-for-improving-pain-sleep-quality-and-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-open-midline-incisions-undergoing-transabdominal-gynecological-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Feng Jin, Zhe Li, Wen-Fei Tan, Hong Ma, Xiao-Qian Li, Huang-Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Nerve block is usually performed before surgery because it inhibits reflection of the skin incision and reduces the amount of intraoperative anesthetic used. We hypothesized that performing rectus sheath block (RSB) after surgery would result in a longer duration of the analgesic effects and have a subtle influence on sleep time after surgery but that it would not decrease the perioperative cytokine levels of patients undergoing gynecological surgery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016...
February 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425769/combined-use-of-nanocarriers-and-physical-methods-for-percutaneous-penetration-enhancement
#13
Nina Dragicevic, Howard Maibach
Dermal and transdermal drug delivery (due to its non-invasiveness, avoidance of the first-pass metabolism, controlling the rate of drug input over a prolonged time, etc.) have gained significant acceptance. Several methods are employed to overcome the permeability barrier of the skin, improving drug penetration into/through skin. Among chemical penetration enhancement methods, nanocarriers have been extensively studied. When applied alone, nanocarriers mostly deliver drugs to skin and can be used to treat skin diseases...
February 6, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424195/clinical-features-and-prognostic-significance-of-splenic-involvement-in-sarcoidosis
#14
Cuneyt Tetikkurt, Halil Yanardag, Metin Pehlivan, Muammer Bilir
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease characterized by noncasefied granulomas in various organs. Incidence of splenic disease is variable and is reported to occur in 6.7 to 77 percent of the patients. Firm data establishing the clinical features and the association of splenic involvement with prognosis in sarcoidosis is scant. The aim of our study was to investigate the clinical features and the consequence of splenic involvement on the prognostic outcome of sarcoidosis patients. We evaluated the clinical and laboratory findings in 82 sarcoidosis patients...
December 21, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422817/current-applications-of-high-frequency-ultrasonography-in-dermatology
#15
REVIEW
Adriana Polańska, Aleksandra Dańczak-Pazdrowska, Magdalena Jałowska, Ryszard Żaba, Zygmunt Adamski
The era of ultrasounds in dermatology started in 1979, when pioneering use of 15 MHz by Alexander and Miller in measuring the skin thickness was introduced. Since then, some new applications of high-frequency ultrasonography (HF-USG) have emerged providing the clinicians with an extra hand in their everyday practice. The main advantages of HF-USG include the possibility of real-time imaging, measurements of morphological and physiological aspects of the skin, safety associated with the use of non-ionizing media as well as the lack of contraindications to its performance...
December 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416151/pre-procedure-ultrasound-guided-paramedian-spinal-anaesthesia-at-l5-s1-is-this-better-than-landmark-guided-midline-approach-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Karthikeyan Kallidaikurichi Srinivasan, Anne-Marie Leo, Gabriella Iohom, Frank Loughnane, Peter J Lee
Background and Aims: Routine use of pre-procedural ultrasound guided midline approach has not shown to improve success rate in administering subarachnoid block. The study hypothesis was that the routine use of pre-procedural (not real time) ultrasound-guided paramedian spinals at L5-S1 interspace could reduce the number of passes (i.e., withdrawal and redirection of spinal needle without exiting the skin) required to enter the subarachnoid space when compared to the conventional landmark-guided midline approach...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415907/guidance-for-pediatric-familial-hypercholesterolemia-2017
#17
Mariko Harada-Shiba, Takao Ohta, Akira Ohtake, Masatsune Ogura, Kazushige Dobashi, Atsushi Nohara, Shizuya Yamashita, Koutaro Yokote
This paper describes consensus statement by Joint Working Group by Japan Pediatric Society and Japan Atherosclerosis Society for Making Guidance of Pediatric Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) in order to improve prognosis of FH.FH is a common genetic disease caused by mutations in genes related to low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor pathway. Because patients with FH have high LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels from the birth, atherosclerosis begins and develops during childhood which determines the prognosis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412179/high-frequency-spectral-ultrasound-imaging-susi-visualizes-early-post-traumatic-heterotopic-ossification-ho-in-a-mouse-model
#18
Kavitha Ranganathan, Xiaowei Hong, David Cholok, Joe Habbouche, Caitlin Priest, Christopher Breuler, Michael Chung, John Li, Arminder Kaura, Hsiao Hsin Sung Hsieh, Jonathan Butts, Serra Ucer, Ean Schwartz, Steven R Buchman, Jan P Stegemann, Cheri X Deng, Benjamin Levi
PURPOSE: Early treatment of heterotopic ossification (HO) is currently limited by delayed diagnosis due to limited visualization at early time points. In this study, we validate the use of spectral ultrasound imaging (SUSI) in an animal model to detect HO as early as one week after burn tenotomy. METHODS: Concurrent SUSI, micro CT, and histology at 1, 2, 4, and 9weeks post-injury were used to follow the progression of HO after an Achilles tenotomy and 30% total body surface area burn (n=3-5 limbs per time point)...
February 6, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411402/safety-tolerability-and-efficacy-evaluation-of-the-slimme-device-for-circumference-reduction
#19
Giovanni Ferrando
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short- and long-term thermal impact of subclinical and clinical regimens of a single, non-invasive uniform ultrasound treatment session on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, single-arm, split-side study. METHODS: Patients (n = 17) were subjected to uniform ultrasound treatment, delivered in a single session with the SlimME device. The device was set to one of four treatment regimens, which differed in their durations and energy fluences during the raise and maintenance phases...
February 7, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410772/the-abrupt-temperature-changes-in-the-plantar-skin-thermogram-of-the-diabetic-patient-looking-in-to-prevent-the-insidious-ulcers
#20
REVIEW
Francisco-J Renero-C
Background: One of the complications of the diabetes mellitus is the amputation of the lower limbs. This complication may be developed after an insidious ulcer, that may be raised by the peripheral neuropathy or the ischaemic limb, and that the ulcer get infected. That is, to develop an ulcer, in the diabetic patient, three factors should be taken into the account, the autonomic nervous system, the blood supply and the inmune system. Methods: In this work, the thermogram is used to identify regions on the plantar skin with blood supply deficiencies and the behaviour of the thermoregulation process...
2018: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
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