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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806442/-mechanism-research-progress-of-tendon-derived-stem-cells-in-reconstruction-of-fibrocartilage-zone-at-bone-tendon-junction
#1
Shengnan Qin, Fei Dong, Wen Wang
Objective: To summarize the mechanism research progress of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) in the reconstruction of fibrocartilage zone at bone-tendon junction (BTJ). Methods: The domestic and abroad related literature about TDSCs in the reconstruction of fibrocartilage zone at BTJ was summarized and analyzed. Results: TDSCs can be induced to osteocytes, fibrochondrocytes, and tenocytes in vitro . Therefore, TDSCs have potential to reconstruct fibrocartilage zone at BTJ...
August 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621430/17%C3%AE-estradiol-induces-mmp-9-and-mmp-13-in-tmj-fibrochondrocytes-via-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE
#2
N Ahmad, S Chen, W Wang, S Kapila
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, including degenerative TMJ disease, occur primarily in women of reproductive age. Previous studies showed elevated estrogen levels in subjects with TMJ disorders relative to controls and the presence of estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ) in TMJ fibrocartilage. Additionally, estrogen-induced overexpression of specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-9 and MMP-13, in TMJ fibrocartilage is accompanied by loss of extracellular matrices. However, the contribution of ERα and ERβ in estrogen-mediated induction of MMP-9 and MMP-13 and the signaling cascade leading to the upregulation of these MMPs have not been elucidated...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334080/effects-of-microarchitecture-and-mechanical-properties-of-3d-microporous-plla-plga-scaffolds-on-fibrochondrocyte-and-l929-fibroblast-behavior
#3
G Bahcecioglu, N Hasirci, V Hasirci
There are several reports studying cell behavior on surfaces in 2D or in hydrogels in 3D. However, cell behavior in 3D microporous scaffolds has not been investigated extensively. In this study, poly(L-lactic acid)/poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLLA/PLGA)-based microporous scaffolds were used to study the effects of scaffold microarchitecture and mechanical properties on the behavior of two different cell types, human meniscal fibrochondrocytes and L929 mouse fibroblasts. In general, cell attachment, spreading and proliferation rate were mainly regulated by the strut (pore wall) stiffness...
February 28, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229249/enzyme-mediated-tissue-adhesive-hydrogels-for-meniscus-repair
#4
Su-Hwan Kim, Young-Hyeon An, Hwan D Kim, Kyungmin Kim, Sang-Hyuk Lee, Hyun-Gu Yim, Byung-Gee Kim, Nathaniel S Hwang
Meniscus tissues have limited regenerative capacity once damaged. The treatment options for the meniscus tissue regeneration have been limited to arthroscopic meniscectomy or surgical interventions. The injectable hydrogels based system would provide an alternative to the conventional meniscus therapy by providing a minimally invasive treatment alternative. Here we utilized enzyme-based approaches to fabricate tissue adhesive hydrogels for meniscus repair. Tyramine (TA) conjugated hyaluronic acid (TA-HA) and gelatin are susceptible to tyrosinase (TYR)-mediated crosslinking in vitro and in vivo...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939894/plasticity-of-human-meniscus-fibrochondrocytes-a-study-on-effects-of-mitotic-divisions-and-oxygen-tension
#5
Yan Liang, Enaam Idrees, Stephen H J Andrews, Kirollos Labib, Alexander Szojka, Melanie Kunze, Andrea D Burbank, Aillette Mulet-Sierra, Nadr M Jomha, Adetola B Adesida
Meniscus fibrochondrocytes (MFCs) may be the optimal cell source to repair non-healing meniscus injuries using tissue engineering strategies. In this study, we investigated the effects of mitotic divisions and oxygen tension on the plasticity of adult human MFCs. Our assessment techniques included gene expression, biochemical, histological, and immunofluorescence assays. MFCs were expanded in monolayer culture with combined growth factors TGFβ1 and FGF-2 (T1F2) under normoxia (21% O2). Trilineage (adipogenesis, chondrogenesis and osteogenesis) differentiation was performed under both normoxic (21% O2) and hypoxic (3% O2) conditions...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765605/the-potential-of-using-semitendinosus-tendon-as-autograft-in-rabbit-meniscus-reconstruction
#6
Chenxi Li, Xiaoqing Hu, Qingyang Meng, Xin Zhang, Jingxian Zhu, Linghui Dai, Jin Cheng, Mingjin Zhong, Weili Shi, Bo Ren, Jiying Zhang, Xin Fu, Xiaoning Duan, Yingfang Ao
Since transplantation of meniscal allograft or artificial menisci is limited by graft sources and a series of adverse events, substitution for meniscus reconstruction still needs to be explored. Natural biomaterials, which can provide a unique 3-D microenvironment, remain a promising alternative for tissue engineering. Among them, autograft is a preferred option for its safety and excellent biocompatibility. In this study, we utilized semitendinosus tendon autograft in meniscus reconstruction to investigate its fibrochondrogenic metaplasticity potential and chondroprotective effect...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586544/segmental-and-regional-quantification-of-3d-cellular-density-of-human-meniscus-from-osteoarthritic-knee
#7
Ibrahim Fatih Cengiz, Hélder Pereira, José Miguel Pêgo, Nuno Sousa, João Espregueira-Mendes, Joaquim Miguel Oliveira, Rui Luís Reis
The knee menisci have important roles in the knee joint. Complete healing of the meniscus remains a challenge in the clinics. Cellularity is one of the most important biological parameters that must be taken into account in regenerative strategies. However, knowledge on the 3D cellularity of the human meniscus is lacking in the literature. The aim of this study was to quantify the 3D cellular density of human meniscus from the osteoarthritic knee in a segmental and regional manner with respect to laterality...
June 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321424/cell-based-meniscus-repair-and-regeneration-at-the-brink-of-clinical-translation-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies
#8
Jasmijn V Korpershoek, Tommy S de Windt, Michella H Hagmeijer, Lucienne A Vonk, Daniel B F Saris
BACKGROUND: Meniscus damage can be caused by trauma or degeneration and is therefore common among patients of all ages. Repair or regeneration of the menisci could be of great importance not only for pain relief or regaining function but also to prevent degenerative disease and osteoarthritis. Current treatment does not offer consistent long-term improvement. Although preclinical research focusing on augmentation of meniscal tear repair and regeneration after meniscectomy is encouraging, clinical translation remains difficult...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278383/3d-printed-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-scaffold-augmented-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-total-meniscal-substitution-a-12-and-24-week-animal-study-in-a-rabbit-model
#9
Zheng-Zheng Zhang, Shao-Jie Wang, Ji-Ying Zhang, Wen-Bo Jiang, Ai-Bing Huang, Yan-Song Qi, Jian-Xun Ding, Xue-Si Chen, Dong Jiang, Jia-Kuo Yu
BACKGROUND: Total meniscectomy leads to knee osteoarthritis in the long term. The poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold is a promising material for meniscal tissue regeneration, but cell-free scaffolds result in relatively poor tissue regeneration and lead to joint degeneration. HYPOTHESIS: A novel, 3-dimensional (3D)-printed PCL scaffold augmented with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) would offer benefits in meniscal regeneration and cartilage protection. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
June 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219952/enthesis-regeneration-a-role-for-gli1-progenitor-cells
#10
Andrea G Schwartz, Leesa M Galatz, Stavros Thomopoulos
The tendon enthesis originates from a specific pool of hedgehog-active Gli1+ progenitor cells that differentiate and produce mineralized fibrocartilage. The current study investigated the regenerative capacity of this cell population by comparing the responses of early postnatal and mature entheses to injury. Lineage tracing studies demonstrated that the original Gli1+ cell population had the capacity to heal immature entheses after injury, but this capacity was lost after the cells differentiated into mature fibrochondrocytes...
April 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214835/up-regulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-promotes-tendon-to-bone-healing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-through-the-tgf-%C3%AE-mapk-signaling-pathway-in-a-new-zealand-white-rabbit-model
#11
Rui Wang, Bin Xu, Hong-Gang Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to explore the role of TGF-β in tendon-to-bone healing after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) through the TGF-β/MAPK signaling pathway in a New Zealand white rabbit model. METHODS: A total of 72 healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were selected for these experiments. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of BMSC surface markers, and qRT-PCR was performed to detect TGF-β mRNA expression...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161573/chondrogenically-primed-tonsil-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-encapsulated-in-riboflavin-induced-photocrosslinking-collagen-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogel-for-meniscus-tissue-repairs
#12
Rachel H Koh, Yinji Jin, Byung-Jae Kang, Nathaniel S Hwang
Current meniscus tissue repairing strategies involve partial or total meniscectomy, followed by allograft transplantation or synthetic material implantation. However, allografts and synthetic implants have major drawbacks such as the limited supply of grafts and lack of integration into host tissue, respectively. In this study, we investigated the effects of conditioned medium (CM) from meniscal fibrochondrocytes and TGF-β3 on tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (T-MSCs) for meniscus tissue engineering. CM-expanded T-MSCs were encapsulated in riboflavin-induced photocrosslinked collagen-hyaluronic acid (COL-RF-HA) hydrogels and cultured in chondrogenic medium containing TGF-β3...
April 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994624/regulatory-mechanisms-of-the-ihh-pthrp-signaling-pathway-in-fibrochondrocytes-in-entheses-of-pig-achilles-tendon
#13
Xuesong Han, Yanfeng Zhuang, Zhihong Zhang, Lin Guo, Wanming Wang
This study is aimed at exploring the effect of stress stimulation on the proliferation and differentiation of fibrochondrocytes in entheses mediated via the Indian hedgehog (Ihh)/parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) signaling pathway. Differential stress stimulation on fibrochondrocytes in entheses was imposed. Gene expression and protein levels of signaling molecules including collagen type I (Col I), Col II, Col X, Ihh, and PTHrP in the cytoplasm of fibrochondrocytes were detected. Ihh signal blocking group was set up using Ihh signaling pathway-specific blocking agent cyclopamine...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989921/a-model-system-for-developing-a-tissue-engineered-meniscal-enthesis
#14
Mary Clare McCorry, Melissa M Mansfield, Xiaozhou Sha, Daniel J Coppola, Jonathan W Lee, Lawrence J Bonassar
The meniscus acts as a stabilizer, lubricator, and load distributer in the knee joint. The mechanical stability of the meniscus depends on its connection to the underlying bone by a fibrocartilage to bone transition zone called the meniscal enthesis. Tissue engineered menisci hold great promise as a treatment alternative however lack a means of integrated fixation to the underlying bone needed in order for a tissue engineered meniscal replacement to be successful. Tissue engineering the meniscal enthesis is a difficult task given the complex gradients of cell type, mineral, and extracellular matrix molecules...
July 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925474/fiber-development-and-matrix-production-in-tissue-engineered-menisci-using-bovine-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-fibrochondrocytes
#15
Mary Clare McCorry, Lawrence J Bonassar
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been investigated with promising results for meniscus healing and tissue engineering. While MSCs are known to contribute to extracellular matrix (ECM) production, less is known about how MSCs produce and align large organized fibers for application to tissue engineering the meniscus. The goal of this study was to investigate the capability of MSCs to produce and organize ECM molecules compared to meniscal fibrochondrocytes (FCCs). Bovine FCCs and MSCs were encapsulated in an anatomically accurate collagen meniscus using monoculture and co-culture of each cell type...
May 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824291/development-of-a-micronized-meniscus-extracellular-matrix-scaffold-for-potential-augmentation-of-meniscal-repair-and-regeneration
#16
Farrah A Monibi, Chantelle C Bozynski, Keiichi Kuroki, Aaron M Stoker, Ferris M Pfeiffer, Seth L Sherman, James L Cook
Decellularized scaffolds composed of extracellular matrix (ECM) hold promise for repair and regeneration of the meniscus, given the potential for ECM-based biomaterials to aid in stem cell recruitment, infiltration, and differentiation. The objectives of this study were to decellularize canine menisci to fabricate a micronized, ECM-derived scaffold and to determine the cytocompatibility and repair potential of the scaffold ex vivo. Menisci were decellularized with a combination of physical agitation and chemical treatments...
December 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718449/amecm-dcb-scaffold-prompts-successful-total-meniscus-reconstruction-in-a-rabbit-total-meniscectomy-model
#17
Zhiguo Yuan, Shuyun Liu, Chunxiang Hao, Weimin Guo, Shuang Gao, Mingjie Wang, Mingxue Chen, Zhen Sun, Yichi Xu, Yu Wang, Jiang Peng, Mei Yuan, Quan-Yi Guo
Tissue-engineered meniscus regeneration is a very promising treatment strategy for meniscus lesions. However, generating the scaffold presents a huge challenge for meniscus engineering as this has to meet particular biomechanical and biocompatibility requirements. In this study, we utilized acellular meniscus extracellular matrix (AMECM) and demineralized cancellous bone (DCB) to construct three different types of three-dimensional porous meniscus scaffold: AMECM, DCB, and AMECM/DCB, respectively. We tested the scaffolds' physicochemical characteristics and observed their interactions with meniscus fibrochondrocytes to evaluate their cytocompatibility...
December 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536780/redifferentiation-of-high-throughput-generated-fibrochondrocyte-micro-aggregates-impact-of-low-oxygen-tension
#18
Elke Berneel, Charlot Philips, Heidi Declercq, Ria Cornelissen
In meniscus tissue engineering strategies, enhancing the matrix quality of the neomeniscal tissue is important. When the differentiated phenotype of fibrochondrocytes is lost, the quality of the matrix becomes compromised. The objective of this study was to produce uniform fibrochondrocyte micro-aggregates with desirable phenotype and tissue homogeneity in large quantities using a simple and reproducible method. Furthermore, we investigated if hypoxia could enhance the matrix quality. Porcine fibrochondrocytes were expanded at 21% oxygen until passage 3 (P3) and a gene expression profile was determined...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347022/osteoarthritis-prevention-and-meniscus-regeneration-induced-by-transplantation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-sheet-in-a-rat-meniscal-defect-model
#19
Yiying Qi, Guangnan Chen, Gang Feng
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapy for meniscus regeneration. However, when using single cell suspension injection, there is frequently a significant loss of cells, with only a small percentage of cells remaining at the target site. This issue may be solved with the use of MSC sheets. In the present study, we investigated whether the use of MSC sheets were able to regenerate the meniscus effectively in a rat meniscectomized model. The anterior half of the medial meniscus in 10 rats was excised and an MSC sheet was transplanted in the MSC sheet treatment group, while untreated rats served as the control...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314395/fibrochondrocyte-growth-and-functionality-on-tio%C3%A2-nanothin-films
#20
Sharon Ronald, David K Mills
Disorders affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are a long-standing health concern. TMJ disorders (TMJD) are often associated with an internal disc derangement accompanied by a suite of symptoms including joint noises, jaw dysfunction, and severe pain. The severity of patient symptoms and their reoccurrence can be alleviated to some extent with conservative therapy; however, refractory cases often require surgery that has shown only limited success. Bioengineered scaffolds with cell supportive surfaces an d nanoarchitectures that mimic TMJ tissue structure may offer an alternative treatment modality...
2016: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
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