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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932091/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-fixed-time-split-dosing-and-split-dosing-of-oral-picosulfate-regimen-for-bowel-preparation
#1
Jae Hyuck Jun, Koon Hee Han, Jong Kyu Park, Hyun Il Seo, Young Don Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Baek Gyu Jun, Min Sik Hwang, Yoon Kyoo Park, Myeong Jong Kim, Gab Jin Cheon
AIM: To compare the efficacy of fixed-time split dose and split dose of an oral sodium picosulfate for bowel preparation. METHODS: This is study was prospective, randomized controlled study performed at a single Institution (2013-058). A total of 204 subjects were assigned to receive one of two sodium picosulfate regimens (i.e., fixed-time split or split) prior to colonoscopy. Main outcome measurements were bowel preparation quality and subject tolerability. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between the fixed-time split dose regimen group and the split dose regimen group (Ottawa score mean 2...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926836/percutaneous-biliary-balloon-dilation-impact-of-an-institutional-three-session-protocol-on-patients-with-benign-anastomotic-strictures-of-hepatojejunostomy
#2
Matias E Czerwonko, Pablo Huespe, Oscar Mazza, Martin de Santibanes, Rodrigo Sanchez-Claria, Juan Pekolj, Miguel Ciardullo, Eduardo de Santibanes, Sung Ho Hyon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous biliary balloon dilation (PBBD) stands as a safe, useful, and inexpensive treatment procedure performed on patients with benign anastomotic stricture of Roux-en-Y hepatojejunostomy (BASH). However, the optimal mode of application is still under discussion. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including patients admitted between 2008 and 2015 with diagnosis of BASH. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (n = 22), included patients treated after the implementation of an institutional protocol of 3 PBBD sessions within a fixed time interval and group II (n = 24) consisted of our historical control of patients who underwent one or 2 dilation sessions...
September 20, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917726/ovulation-and-fertility-responses-for-sows-receiving-once-daily-boar-exposure-after-weaning-and-ovugel-%C3%A2-followed-by-a-single-fixed-time-post-cervical-artificial-insemination
#3
R R Ulguim, F P Bortolozzo, I Wentz, M Johnston, S K Webel, L Arend, R V Knox
Boar exposure is used to stimulate follicle development and estrus in sows after weaning and also to improve semen uptake and sperm transport with insemination. However, the need and value of boar exposure is uncertain when ovulation induction is used. These studies were designed to determine the effect of daily boar exposure after weaning when used with ovulation induction and fixed time post-cervical artificial insemination (PCAI). In experiment 1, sows were weaned into stalls and assigned to receive 3 min of daily fenceline boar exposure (BE, n = 7) or no boar exposure (NBE, n = 8)...
September 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911882/aromatase-inhibitors-a-new-approach-for-controlling-ovarian-function-in-cattle
#4
M J Yapura, E M Zwiefelhofer, R A Pierson, G P Adams
Numerous treatments and protocols have been used to control the reproductive cycle in cattle, with varying effectiveness and many involving the administration of steroid hormones. Steroid hormones, such as estradiol, are perceived as having a negative impact on consumer health. This internationally shared opinion has led to a ban on the use of steroid hormones in food producing animals in many countries (i.e., European Union, New Zealand, and Australia). Letrozole, a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor, inactivates the aromatase enzyme responsible for the synthesis of estrogens by reversibly binding to the "heme" group of the P450 subunit...
September 11, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910675/equine-chorionic-gonadotropin-administration-after-insemination-affects-luteal-function-and-pregnancy-establishment-in-postpartum-anestrous-beef-cows
#5
R Núñez-Olivera, T de Castro, G A Bó, J Piaggio, A Menchaca
Two experiments were conducted with the aim of determining the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) administration on day 14 after insemination on ovarian response and pregnancy establishment in postpartum anestrous beef cows. In both experiments, cows were subjected to a progesterone- and estradiol-based treatment for fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) and were randomly allocated into 4 groups to receive or not receive eCG (400 IU) at the time of device removal and/or at 14 d after FTAI. In experiment 1, from day 14 to 22, daily ultrasonographic determinations were performed to monitor ovarian dynamics, and blood was collected to determine hormone concentrations in 60 cows...
August 31, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892085/circulating-endothelial-cell-count-a-reliable-marker-of-endothelial-damage-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
C Almici, C Skert, B Bruno, A Bianchetti, R Verardi, A Di Palma, A Neva, S Braga, G Piccinelli, G Piovani, M Malagola, S Bernardi, L Giaccone, L Brunello, M Festuccia, K Baeten, D Russo, M Marini
The physio-pathologic interrelationships between endothelium and GvHD have been better elucidated and have led to definition of the entity 'endothelial GvHD' as an essential early phase prior to the clinical presentation of acute GvHD. Using the CellSearch system, we analyzed circulating endothelial cells (CEC) in 90 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients at the following time-points: T1 (pre-conditioning), T2 (pre-transplant), T3 (engraftment), T4 (onset of GvHD) and T5 (1 week after steroid treatment)...
September 11, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891937/the-impact-of-a-city-level-minimum-wage-policy-on-supermarket-food-prices-in-seattle-king-county
#7
Jennifer J Otten, James Buszkiewicz, Wesley Tang, Anju Aggarwal, Mark Long, Jacob Vigdor, Adam Drewnowski
Background: Many states and localities throughout the U.S. have adopted higher minimum wages. Higher labor costs among low-wage food system workers could result in higher food prices. Methods: Using a market basket of 106 foods, food prices were collected at affected chain supermarket stores in Seattle and same-chain unaffected stores in King County (n = 12 total, six per location). Prices were collected at 1 month pre- (March 2015) and 1-month post-policy enactment (May 2015), then again 1-year post-policy enactment (May 2016)...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881714/the-4-plus-2-rituximab-protocol-makes-maintenance-treatment-unneeded-in-patients-with-refractory-anca-associated-vasculitis-a-10-years-observation-study
#8
Dario Roccatello, Savino Sciascia, Daniela Rossi, Mirella Alpa, Carla Naretto, Massimo Radin, Roberta Fenoglio, Simone Baldovino, Elisa Menegatti
BACKGROUND: ANCA associated vasculitides (AAV) often present with a chronic relapsing course. Relapse leads to increased immunosuppressive exposure and consequent toxicity. While two randomized controlled trials have shown rituximab (RTX) to be the most effective induction treatment in patients with relapsing disease, the optimal treatment duration and RTX dose remain debated. Whether to administer a maintenance dose to every patient, at a fixed time interval or on the basis of B cell count and ANCA titre or only when disease manifestations do occur is still debated as well...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880380/faster-improvement-in-migraine-pain-intensity-and-migraine-related-disability-at-early-time-points-with-avp-825-sumatriptan-nasal-powder-delivery-system-versus-oral-sumatriptan-a-comparative-randomized-clinical-trial-across-multiple-attacks-from-the-compass
#9
Richard B Lipton, James S McGinley, Kenneth J Shulman, R J Wirth, Dawn C Buse
BACKGROUND: Fast relief of migraine pain, associated symptoms, and migraine-related disability are priorities in the acute treatment of migraine. Efforts to improve the pharmacokinetic profiles of acute migraine treatments with the aim of providing faster relief include the development of non-oral routes of administration. AVP-825 (ONZETRA(®) Xsail(®) ) is a delivery system containing 22 mg sumatriptan powder that uses a patient's own breath to deliver medication intranasally, targeting the upper posterior nasal cavity beyond the narrow nasal valve, an area lined with vascular mucosa conducive to rapid drug absorption into the systemic circulation...
September 7, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866602/deterministic-convergence-for-learning-control-systems-over-iteration-dependent-tracking-intervals
#10
Deyuan Meng, Jingyao Zhang
This brief addresses the iterative learning control (ILC) problems for discrete-time systems subject to iteration-dependent tracking time intervals. A modified class of P-type ILC algorithms is proposed by properly defining an available modified output, for which robust convergence analysis is performed with an inductive approach. It is shown that if a persistent full-learning property is ensured, then a necessary and sufficient convergence condition of ILC can be derived to reach the perfect output tracking objective though the tracking time interval is iteration-dependent...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863964/design-and-biological-effects-of-a-vaginally-administered-gel-containing-the-gnrh-agonist-triptorelin-for-synchronizing-ovulation-in-swine
#11
R V Knox, K R Stewart, W L Flowers, M E Swanson, S K Webel, R R Kraeling
A novel gel formulation was selected for intravaginal delivery of the GnRH agonist (triptorelin) for synchronizing ovulation in pigs. Studies with gilt models were used to assess LH response profiles. The lowest dose of triptorelin that induced the most gilts to show an LH surge was 100 μg in 1.2% methylcellulose gel. This formulation had a similar effect in weaned sows while also advancing ovulation. The timing of administration was evaluated in sows after weaning. Administration at 96 h induced more sows to ovulate (58%) by 48 h compared to treatment at estrus (45%) or for controls (34%), but the desired level of ovulation synchrony was not achieved...
August 24, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860080/rituximab-desensitization-in-three-patients-with-severe-rituximab-allergy
#12
Erman Öztürk, Leyla Pur Özyiğit, Ayşe Bilge Öztürk, Meltem Olga Akay, Mustafa Çetiner, Burhan Ferhanoğlu
Rituximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets CD20 positive B cells and has a positive effect on both overall and progression-free survival in B-cell lymphoid malignancies. Combination rituximab with chemotherapy treatment provide survival improvement. Although rituximab is an important treatment option in hematological malignancies, the risk of allergic reactions is high. These reactions are usually IgE-mediated and can be varied in regard of severity from urticaria to anaphylaxis. It is an option to interrupt the treatment and ommit rituximab therapy who had allergic reactions...
July 27, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852816/ir-maldesi-method-optimization-based-on-time-resolved-measurement-of-ion-yields
#13
Måns Ekelöf, David C Muddiman
In the field of mass spectrometry imaging, typical experiments involve ionization directly from complex samples with no pre-ionization separation, relying on high resolving power mass analyzers to separate ions of interest. When an ion trapping step is involved in the analysis, the dynamic range of the analysis may be limited by the capacity of the ion trap, which is easily exceeded. To minimize collection of undesired ambient species while maximizing collection of analyte signal, accurate timing between ion generation and collection is a requirement...
August 29, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845561/effect-of-insemination-site-and-diameter-of-the-pre-ovulatory-follicle-on-the-odds-of-pregnancy-in-heifers-using-sexed-or-non-sexed-semen
#14
L Ingenhoff, E Hall, S Ranjbar Ni, J K House
OBJECTIVE: To determine if insemination site or pre-ovulatory follicle diameter at fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) affects the odds of pregnancy when heifers are inseminated with sexed semen. METHODS: The study was conducted in 422 Holstein heifers enrolled into 531 inseminations. Inseminations were randomly allocated to 1 of 16 treatment combinations involving three variables: semen type (sexed vs non-sexed), insemination site (uterine horn vs uterine body) and one of four sires...
September 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832440/a-profile-of-low-back-pain-treatment-and-costs-associated-with-patients-referred-to-orthopedic-specialists-in-sweden
#15
Emma Jonsson, Gylfi Olafsson, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Fredrik Borgström
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of Swedish national and regional register data. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize healthcare resource utilization, productivity loss, and costs of patients with low back pain (LBP) with or without leg pain, who have been referred from primary care settings to orthopedic specialist care. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Register data on outpatient and inpatient care, work absence, drug prescriptions, socioeconomics, and mortality were extracted for patients visiting orthopedic specialists for LBP in the Swedish region Västra Götaland (1...
September 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829796/linear-functional-response-by-two-pupal-drosophila-parasitoids-foraging-within-single-or-multiple-patch-environments
#16
Gülay Kaçar, Xin-Geng Wang, Antonio Biondi, Kent M Daane
Functional response describes the number of prey or hosts attacked by a predator or parasitoid as a function of prey or host density. Using three different experimental designs, we found a linear functional response by two insect parasitoids (the pteromalid Pachycrepoideus vindemiae and the diapriid Trichopria drosophilae) to their hosts (the drosophilids Drosophila suzukii and D. melanogaster). A linear function response is considered unusual for insect parasitoids. The first design was a 'fixed time within patch experiment' where individual parasitoids were exposed to a range of host densities for 24 h; the second two designs were a 'variable time functional response' and a 'selective functional response' experiments where individual parasitoids were presented with a range of host patches and allowed to freely select and explore only one patch (variable time) or forage for 24 h (selective)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802241/the-9-d-cidr-pg-protocol-ii-characterization-of-endocrine-parameters-ovarian-dynamics-and-pregnancy-rates-to-fixed-time-ai-following-use-of-long-term-cidr-based-estrus-synchronization-among-mature-beef-cows
#17
J M Thomas, J W C Locke, B E Bishop, J M Abel, M R Ellersieck, S E Poock, M F Smith, D J Patterson
An experiment was designed to evaluate endocrine parameters, ovarian dynamics, and pregnancy rates to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) following the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol in comparison to the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol. While both are long-term protocols using CIDR treatment for presynchronization, the 9-d CIDR-PG protocol differs from the 14-d CIDR-PG protocol in that prostaglandin F2α (PG) is administered at CIDR insertion and removal to facilitate a decreased length of progestin treatment and potentially enhance response to the presynchronization treatment...
November 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790898/differences-between-dorsal-and-ventral-striatum-in-the-sensitivity-of-tonically-active-neurons-to-rewarding-events
#18
Kevin Marche, Anne-Caroline Martel, Paul Apicella
Within the striatum, cholinergic interneurons, electrophysiologically identified as tonically active neurons (TANs), represent a relatively homogeneous group in terms of their functional properties. They display typical pause in tonic firing in response to rewarding events which are of crucial importance for reinforcement learning. These responses are uniformly distributed throughout the dorsal striatum (i.e., motor and associative striatum), but it is unknown, at least in monkeys, whether differences in the modulation of TAN activity exist in the ventral striatum (i...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772112/semen-deposition-by-cervical-transcervical-and-intrauterine-route-for-fixed-time-artificial-insemination-ftai-in-the-ewe
#19
R Casali, A Pinczak, F Cuadro, J M Guillen-Muñoz, A Mezzalira, A Menchaca
Semen deposition through the cervix into the uterus is a difficult technique in ewes and represents the main limiting factor for insemination in this species. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy rate achieved with a new transcervical insemination method in comparison with conventional cervical and laparoscopic intrauterine techniques. A total of 586 multiparous Corriedale ewes were synchronized for fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) performed by cervical, transcervical, or intrauterine route at 46-50 h or 52-56 h after progesterone device removal in a 3 × 2 factorial design...
November 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763634/impact-of-delayed-insemination-on-pregnancy-rates-to-gender-selected-semen-in-a-fixed-time-ai-system
#20
J B Hall, R K Kasimanickam, J B Glaze, M C Roberts-Lew
The objectives of the current experiment were to determine if delaying insemination by 8 h in a FTAI protocol would alter estrus expression and pregnancy rates in cows inseminated with sex-sorted semen, characterize bull variation in pregnancy rates to sex-sorted semen and examine the impact of repeated years of FTAI to sex-sorted semen on calving distribution. Over three breeding seasons, postpartum cows (n = 839) were estrous synchronized using the 5-day CO-Synch + CIDR system. Cows were given GnRH (100 μg i...
July 18, 2017: Theriogenology
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