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Min Won Lee, Fadwa Baladi, Jean-René Burie, Mauro A Bettiati, Azzedine Boudrioua, Alexis P A Fischer
Rogue waves are observed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, in a 980 nm laser diode subject to filtered optical feedback via a fiber Bragg grating. By counting the number of rogue waves in a fixed time window, a rogue wave map is established experimentally as a function of both the optical feedback ratio and the laser current. The comparison with low frequency fluctuations (LFFs) reveals that the rogue waves observed in our system are, in fact, LFF jump-ups.
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
A M Rosales-Torres, Z B López-Cedillo, C G Hernández-Coronado, J V Rosete-Fernández, G D Mendoza, A Guzmán
The objective of this study was to evaluate if short-term dietary concentrate supplementation increased IGF-I serum concentration and resulted in a reproductive response during estrus synchronization treatment in non-lactating beef cows. Thirty non-lactating beef cows (Bos indicus × Bos taurus) were allocated to the same pastureland and fed native tropical grasses as a basal diet. Cows were synchronized using a 7-day CO-Synch plus controlled internal drug release (CIDR) protocol and received fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI)...
October 10, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
C Van de Kerkhove, P C Goeminne, M Kicinski, T S Nawrot, N Lorent, P Van Bleyenbergh, K De Boeck, L J Dupont
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of inhaled antibiotics to treat chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa pulmonary infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has been well established. Few data are available on the value of continuous alternating inhaled antibiotic therapy (CAIT), a strategy increasingly used in the management of CF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of CAIT on clinical outcome in adult CF patients treated at the University Hospital Leuven. METHODS: Patients with a documented CF diagnosis who received inhaled antibiotics between March 2010 and January 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
J S Stevenson
The objective of this study was to determine the relative importance and contribution of several physiological factors as predictors of pregnancy risk in an Ovsynch (GnRH-1 - 7 d - PGF2α - 56 h - GnRH-2 - 16 h - artificial insemination) timed artificial insemination program: (1) age of the corpus luteum (CL; original CL, new CL, or both in response to GnRH-1) and resulting progesterone concentrations as they affected luteolysis, ovulation after GnRH-2, and pregnancy risk; (2) progesterone concentration before GnRH-1 and GnRH-2 on subsequent ovulatory response to GnRH-1 and GnRH-2 as well as pregnancy risk; and (3) a combination of these factors in a multivariable logistic regression model to predict pregnancy risk...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Suzanne L de Kunder, Kim Rijkers, Sander M J van Kuijk, Silvia M A A Evers, Rob A de Bie, Henk van Santbrink
BACKGROUND: With a steep increase in the number of instrumented spinal fusion procedures, there is a need for comparative data to develop evidence based treatment recommendations. Currently, the available data on cost and clinical effectiveness of the two most frequently performed surgeries for lumbar spondylolisthesis, transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), are not sufficient. Therefore, current guidelines do not advise which is the most appropriate surgical treatment strategy for these patients...
October 6, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
E Baroncello, M L Bernardi, A D Kummer, I Wentz, F P Bortolozzo
Fixed-time post-cervical artificial insemination (FTAI) drastically reduces labour requirements and increases the use of boars with higher genetic merit. This study evaluated the efficiency of eCG administration combined with/without the GnRH agonist buserelin for the induction and synchronization of ovulation in weaned sows submitted to FTAI. The sows were allocated into three groups. In the control group, the first artificial insemination was performed at the onset of oestrus and repeated every 24 hr. In the eCG+GnRH group, sows received 600 IU eCG at weaning and buserelin (10 μg) after 86-89 hr of eCG, and in the GnRH group, sows received only buserelin after 86-89 hr of weaning...
September 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
James C Knight, Steve B Furber
While the adult human brain has approximately 8.8 × 10(10) neurons, this number is dwarfed by its 1 × 10(15) synapses. From the point of view of neuromorphic engineering and neural simulation in general this makes the simulation of these synapses a particularly complex problem. SpiNNaker is a digital, neuromorphic architecture designed for simulating large-scale spiking neural networks at speeds close to biological real-time. Current solutions for simulating spiking neural networks on SpiNNaker are heavily inspired by work on distributed high-performance computing...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Xiaoxu Fan, Lan Wang, Hanyu Shao, Daniel Kersten, Sheng He
Recent studies have shown that information from peripherally presented images is present in the human foveal retinotopic cortex, presumably because of feedback signals. We investigated this potential feedback signal by presenting noise in fovea at different object-noise stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs), whereas subjects performed a discrimination task on peripheral objects. Results revealed a selective impairment of performance when foveal noise was presented at 250-ms SOA, but only for tasks that required comparing objects' spatial details, suggesting a task- and stimulus-dependent foveal processing mechanism...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Caroline W H de Fijter, Lily Jakulj, Fariba Amiri, Anthe Zandvliet, Eric Franssen
With the current rise in multiresistant gram-negative bacteria, carbapenems are more frequently used. Surprisingly, limited data exist on the pharmacokinetics of meropenem in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. We report on the pharmacokinetics of repeated intraperitoneal (IP) meropenem during 21 days as treatment for polymicrobial multiresistent PD-related peritonitis.Our current report supports daily doses of 125 mg/L intraperitoneal meropenem in all bags as an effective and safe modality in the treatment of PD-associated peritonitis with multiresistant microorganisms...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Shibli Nisar, Omar Usman Khan, Muhammad Tariq
Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT) is an important technique for the time-frequency analysis of a time varying signal. The basic approach behind it involves the application of a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to a signal multiplied with an appropriate window function with fixed resolution. The selection of an appropriate window size is difficult when no background information about the input signal is known. In this paper, a novel empirical model is proposed that adaptively adjusts the window size for a narrow band-signal using spectrum sensing technique...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Xin Zhao, Xiaolei Shi, Zhiheng Zhang, Hucheng Ma, Xianwen Yuan, Yitao Ding
BACKGROUND: The imbalance of immunity is an important pathogenesis of acute liver failure (ALF). Neutrophils are the hallmark of acute inflammation, which have an essential role in immune regulation. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a promising therapy in ALF treatment. Recent studies indicated a considerable connection between MSCs and neutrophils in immune regulation. AIM: To investigate changes in neutrophils in ALF rats after MSC transplantation, and to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of the combined treatment with MSC transplantation and neutrophil depletion in ALF...
September 13, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Anja Mikic, Cara E Pietrolungo
There is much emerging information surrounding the impact of sleep duration and quality on food choice and consumption in both children and adults. However, less attention has been paid to the effects of dietary patterns and specific foods on nighttime sleep. Early studies have shown that certain dietary patterns may affect not only daytime alertness but also nighttime sleep. In this review, we surveyed the literature to describe the role of food consumption on sleep. Research has focused on the effects of mixed meal patterns, such as high-carbohydrate plus low-fat or low-carbohydrate diets, over the short term on sleep...
September 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Sophia L Markantonis, Aikaterini Melemeni, Marina Markidou, Stefania Irene Haikali, Vangelis Karalis, Argyro Fassoulaki
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The concentration-time profile of the long-acting local anesthetic ropivacaine after epidural (EP) administration at fixed time intervals or continuous subcutaneous (SC) infusion has not been fully evaluated. The objective of this work was to determine total plasma concentrations of ropivacaine and changes in cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels during EP and SC. METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, 18 patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy or myomectomy were randomly selected to receive ropivacaine either every 6 h via an EP catheter or by continuous wound infusion along the skin incision, after a bolus dose, for 48 h...
September 16, 2016: Pharmacology
Yuxue Zhao, Changxiang Cui, Xiaochun Yu, Juanjuan Xin, Fengyan Lu, Junhong Gao, Bing Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on abnormal defaecation in a rat model of chronic heterotypic stress (CHS) and investigate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal (n=6), CHS (n=7), and CHS+EA (n=7). Rats in the CHS group and CHS+EA groups received four different types of stressors for 7 days. For rats in the CHS+EA group, EA was applied at ST36 in the bilateral hind legs for 30 min before each stress-loading session...
September 14, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
R C Hart, F D A Aarão Reis
Random sequential adsorption of linear and square particles with excluded volume interaction is studied numerically on planar lattices considering Gaussian distributions of lateral sizes of the incident particles, with several values of the average μ and of the width-to-average ratio w. When the coverage θ is plotted as function of the logarithm of time t, the maximum slope is attained at a time t_{M} of the same order of the time τ of incidence of one monolayer, which is related to the molecular flux and/or sticking coefficients...
August 2016: Physical Review. E
J P de Gijt, A Gül, H Sutedja, E B Wolvius, K G H van der Wal, M J Koudstaal
To assess the long-term stability and biomechanical effects of mandibular midline distraction (MMD), a prospective observational study was conducted with a retrospective cohort. Included were 17 MMD patients, of whom 9 completed the long-term follow-up with a mean of 6.5 years. In all patients, a bone-borne distractor was used. Dental casts and postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms were taken at fixed time points: pre-operative (T1), directly post-distraction (T2), 1-year post-operative (T3) and long-term follow-up (T4)...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Emma J Rochelle-Newall, Olivier Ribolzi, Marion Viguier, Chanthamousone Thammahacksa, Norbert Silvera, Keooudone Latsachack, Rinh Pham Dinh, Piyapong Naporn, Hai Tran Sy, Bounsamay Soulileuth, Nikom Hmaimum, Pem Sisouvanh, Henri Robain, Jean-Louis Janeau, Christian Valentin, Laurie Boithias, Alain Pierret
Lack of access to clean water and adequate sanitation continues to be a major brake on development. Here we present the results of a 12-month investigation into the dynamics of Escherichia coli, a commonly used indicator of faecal contamination in water supplies, in three small, rural catchments in Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. We show that land use and hydrology are major controlling factors of E. coli concentrations in streamwater and that the relative importance of these two factors varies between the dry and wet seasons...
2016: Scientific Reports
Janne M Veerbeek, Anneli C Langbroek-Amersfoort, Erwin E H van Wegen, Carel G M Meskers, Gert Kwakkel
Background Robot technology for poststroke rehabilitation is developing rapidly. A number of new randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have investigated the effects of robot-assisted therapy for the paretic upper limb (RT-UL). Objective To systematically review the effects of poststroke RT-UL on measures of motor control of the paretic arm, muscle strength and tone, upper limb capacity, and basic activities of daily living (ADL) in comparison with nonrobotic treatment. Methods Relevant RCTs were identified in electronic searches...
September 5, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
A Pines
Circadian rhythm is an internal biological clock which initiates and monitors various physiological processes with a fixed time-related schedule. The master circadian pacemaker is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus. The circadian clock undergoes significant changes throughout the life span, at both the physiological and molecular levels. This cyclical physiological process, which is very complex and multifactorial, may be associated with metabolic alterations, atherosclerosis, impaired cognition, mood disturbances and even development of cancer...
September 2, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Tianjiao Dai, Sanjay Shete
BACKGROUND: In a standard two-stage SMART design, the intermediate response to the first-stage intervention is measured at a fixed time point for all participants. Subsequently, responders and non-responders are re-randomized and the final outcome of interest is measured at the end of the study. To reduce the side effects and costs associated with first-stage interventions in a SMART design, we proposed a novel time-varying SMART design in which individuals are re-randomized to the second-stage interventions as soon as a pre-fixed intermediate response is observed...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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