keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Uric acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634174/prognostic-value-of-uric-acid-for-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#1
Savas Ozsu, Arif M Çoşar, Hayriye Bektas Aksoy, Yilmaz Bülbül, Funda Oztuna, S Caner Karahan, Tevfik Ozlu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism is a serious cardiovascular condition with considerable morbidity and mortality. Clinical studies have indicated that hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate possible value of the serum levels of uric acid (UA) in predicting 30-d pulmonary thromboembolism-related mortality. METHODS: Pulmonary thromboembolism was confirmed by computed tomography pulmonary angiography, demographic data, troponin, systolic pressure and pulse on admission, and simplified pulmonary embolism severity index assessment...
June 20, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632742/the-association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-the-incidence-of-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-rotterdam-study
#2
Niels van der Schaft, Adela Brahimaj, Ke-Xin Wen, Oscar H Franco, Abbas Dehghan
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about the association between serum uric acid and sub-stages of the spectrum from normoglycaemia to type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to investigate the association between serum uric acid and risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Eligible participants of the Rotterdam Study (n = 8,367) were classified into mutually exclusive subgroups of normoglycaemia (n = 7,030) and prediabetes (n = 1,337) at baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631945/vildagliptin-any-effect-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-serum-uric-acid-re-shelbaya-s-rakha-s-effectiveness-and-safety-of-vildagliptin-and-vildagliptin-add-on-to-metformin-in-real-world-settings-in-egypt-results-from-the-guard-study-curr-med-res-opin
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631693/-independent-risk-factors-for-severe-cardiovascular-events-in-male-patients-with-gout-results-of-a-7-year-prospective-study
#4
M S Eliseev, I S Denisov, E I Markelova, S I Glukhova, E L Nasonov
AIM: To determine risk factors for severe cardiovascular (CV) events (CVEs) in male patients with crystal-verified gout. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 251 male patients with crystal-verified gout were prospectively followed up in 2003 to 2013. The mean follow-up period was 6.9±2.0 years. New severe CVE cases and deaths were recorded. Logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of traditional and other risk factors and allopurinol use on the risk for severe CVEs...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631010/the-metabolic-cost-of-nesting-body-condition-and-blood-parameters-of-caiman-crocodilus-and-melanosuchus-niger-in-central-amazonia
#5
José António Lemos Barão-Nóbrega, Boris Marioni, Robinson Botero-Arias, António José Arsénia Nogueira, Emerson Silva Lima, William Ernest Magnusson, Ronis Da Silveira, Jaydione Luiz Marcon
Although nesting ecology is well studied in several crocodilian species, it is not known how nest attendance influences physiology and body condition of nesting females. In this study, we describe body condition and serum biochemical values of nesting female, non-nesting female and male spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) and black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) in two areas of Central Amazonia. We also evaluated the effect of nest age and nest distance to water on body condition and blood parameters of nesting females...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630638/cichorium-intybus-l-promotes-intestinal-uric-acid-excretion-by-modulating-abcg2-in-experimental-hyperuricemia
#6
Yu Wang, Zhijian Lin, Bing Zhang, Anzheng Nie, Meng Bian
BACKGROUND: Excessive production and/or reduced excretion of uric acid could lead to hyperuricemia, which could be a major cause of disability. Hyperuricemia has received increasing attention in the last few decades due to its global prevalence. Cichorium intybus L., commonly known as chicory, is a perennial herb of the asteraceae family. It was previously shown to exert potent hypouricemic effects linked with decreasing uric acid formation in the liver by down-regulating the activity of xanthine oxidase, and increasing uric acid excretion by up-regulating the renal OAT3 mRNA expression...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630634/moxibustion-alleviates-injury-in-a-rat-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-model
#7
Yi Li, Yuxia Sun, Chunling Zhang, Ke Wang, Peicheng Shen, Di Huang, Wen Ma, Jin Zhang, Lin Li, Liqun He
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of moxibustion at Shenshu (BL-23) and Geshu (BL-17) acupoints in a focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) model in rats. METHODS: A FSGS rat model was established by single nephrectomy and repeated injection of doxorubicin. The FSGS rats were randomly divided into the model group, losartan (positive control) group, Shenshu moxibustion group, and Geshu moxibustion group. Molecular indicators of kidney function and renal pathological changes were monitored...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630500/hyperuricemia-and-overexcretion-of-uric-acid-increase-the-risk-of-simple-renal-cysts-in-type-2-diabetes
#8
Ying Han, Mingliang Zhang, Junxi Lu, Lei Zhang, Junfeng Han, Fangya Zhao, Haibing Chen, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
Previous studies have discussed the relationship between simple renal cysts (SRC) and serum uric acid level in healthy individuals. We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between serum uric acid level and fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) and simple renal cysts in males and postmenopausal females with type 2 diabetes. The overall prevalence of SRC was 18.1% in our population. SRC prevalence was significantly higher in hyperuricemic than normouricemic subjects (27.3% vs. 16.8%, P < 0...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629418/prenatal-brain-disruption-in-isolated-sulfite-oxidase-deficiency
#9
Hsiu-Fen Lee, Ching-Shiang Chi, Chi-Ren Tsai, Hung-Chieh Chen, I-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency (ISOD) is a very rare autosomal recessive inherited neurometabolic disease. The most striking postnatal neuroimaging finding is multicystic encephalomalacia, which occurs rapidly within days to weeks after birth and mimics severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. The aim of this study was to describe the prenatal neuroimaging features in a neonate and a fetus diagnosed with ISOD. RESULTS: We report an 11-day-old female neonate who presented with feeding difficulties, decreased activity, neonatal seizures, and movement disorders within a few days after birth...
June 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629212/a-study-of-the-modulating-action-of-quercetin-on-biochemical-and-histological-alterations-induced-by-lead-exposure-in-the-liver-and-kidney-of-rats
#10
Azza Sedky, Hany Elsawy
Lead is a highly toxic metal and a very potent poison. Lead poisoning is a serious condition but can be treated. Quercetin is a flavonoid with many beneficial uses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible modulating action of quercetin as a model of an antioxidant against the toxic effects of lead acetate on liver and kidneys of rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: (i) saline group (control); (ii) lead group received i.p. lead acetate (20 mg/kg b.w.); (iii) quercetin group received i...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628611/effects-of-salinity-on-gonadal-development-osmoregulation-and-metabolism-of-adult-male-chinese-mitten-crab-eriocheir-sinensis
#11
Xiaowen Long, Xugan Wu, Lei Zhao, Haihui Ye, Yongxu Cheng, Chaoshu Zeng
As a catadromous species, salinity is a key parameter that affects gonadal development of Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis during reproductive migration. It is however unclear the effects of salinity on the gonadal development of male E. sinensis as well as their physiological responses to salinity during reproductive migration. This study investigated the effects of four salinities (0 ‰, 6 ‰, 12 ‰ and 18 ‰) on gonadal development, osmoregulation and metabolism of adult male E. sinensis over a 40-day period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626252/amelioration-of-arsenic-induced-toxic-effects-in-mice-by-dietary-supplementation-of-syzygium-cumini-leaf-extract
#12
Milan Barai, Nazmul Ahsan, Nilanjana Paul, Khaled Hossain, Mohammad Abdur Rashid, Masashi Kato, Nobutaka Ohgami, Anwarul Azim Akhand
Arsenic created a serious public health problem in Bangladesh due to its presence in groundwater and dissemination of the toxic effects to millions of people. The scarcity of the treatment options to manage this affected population has made the situation much worse. To find a promising treatment option, this study was undertaken to examine the ameliorating roles of Syzygium cumini leaf extract (SLE) against arsenic-induced toxic effects in mice. Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups where 'control' group received pure water + normal feed, 'arsenic (As)' group received sodium arsenite (NaAsO2)-containing water (10 μg/g body weight/day) + normal feed, 'As+SLE' group received NaAsO2-containing water + feed supplemented with SLE (50 µg/g body weight/day) and finally the 'SLE' group received pure water + feed supplemented with SLE...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625611/comparing-sf-36%C3%A2-scores-versus-biomarkers-to-predict-mortality-in-primary-cardiac-prevention-patients
#13
EDITORIAL
Rony Lahoud, Vasutakarn Chongthammakun, Yuping Wu, Nael Hawwa, Danielle M Brennan, Leslie Cho
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification plays an important role in evaluating patients with no known cardiovascular disease (CVD). Few studies have investigated health-related quality of life questionnaires such as the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36®) as predictive tools for mortality, particularly in direct comparison with biomarkers. Our objective is to measure the relative effectiveness of SF-36® scores in predicting mortality when compared to traditional and novel biomarkers in a primary prevention population...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625128/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-is-a-biomarker-for-early-atherosclerosis-in-obesity
#14
Djordje S Popovic, Milena Mitrovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Tijana Icin, Ivana Bajkin, Bojan Vukovic, Damir Benc, Zeljko Zivanovic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family/β-catenin signalling pathway (WβcSP), which plays an important role in bone metabolism and in vascular biology. It could act protective regarding atherosclerosis development through its effect on WβcSP in vascular cells. Nevertheless, results of studies analyzing association between circulating sclerostin level (CSL) and atherosclerotic diseases (AD) are showing conflicting results...
June 18, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624426/saponins-extracted-from-dioscorea-collettii-rhizomes-regulate-the-expression-of-urate-transporters-in-chronic-hyperuricemia-rats
#15
Liran Zhu, Yifan Dong, Sha Na, Ru Han, Chengyin Wei, Guangliang Chen
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate whether the saponins, bioactive component of effects of D. collettii, could reduce the serum uric acid level in a hyperuricemic mouse via regulation of urate transporters. METHODS: Chronic hyperuricemia model was established by combine administration of adenine (100mg/kg) and ethambutol (250mg/kg). In the model group, the serum uric acid (SUA), urine uric acid (UUA) volume, and 24-h UUA values increased significantly, while the uric acid clearance rate (CUr) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr) values decreased...
June 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623927/caffeoylquinic-acid-derivatives-rich-extract-from-gnaphalium-pensylvanicum-willd-ameliorates-hyperuricemia-and-acute-gouty-arthritis-in-animal-model
#16
Yan Jiang, Yan Lin, Yi-Juan Hu, Xiao-Jun Song, Hong-Hua Pan, Hong-Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Gnaphalium pensylvanicum willd. is used in China as a folk medicine to treat anti-inflammatory, cough and rheumatism arthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of the extract of G. pensylvanicum to treat hyperuricemia and acute gouty arthritis in animal model. METHODS: G. pensylvanicum extract was evaluated in an experimental model with potassium oxonate (PO) induced hyperuricemia in mice which was used to evaluate anti-hyperuricemia activity and xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibition...
June 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620833/assessment-of-serum-uric-acid-as-risk-factor-for-tauopathies
#17
Tommaso Schirinzi, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Vito Luigi Colona, Paola Imbriani, Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Maria Sancesario, Alessandro Martorana, Antonio Pisani
Low levels of serum uric acid (UA) are a risk factor for many neurodegenerative diseases but the role of UA in tauopathies has not been yet fully evaluated. In this study, we assessed the risk associated with serum UA levels in a large group of patients with tauopathies, either primary or secondary. The mean serum UA concentrations of 111 patients with tauopathies (TAU), including 41 with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 45 with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 25 with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) were compared to that of 130 controls (CTL)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620773/antioxidant-uric-acid-in-treated-and-untreated-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#18
Francesco Bartoli, Giulia Trotta, Cristina Crocamo, Maria Rosaria Malerba, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Pathophysiological mechanisms of major depressive disorder (MDD) seem to be associated with oxidative stress pathways and altered purinergic metabolism. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate if subjects with MDD might have reduced levels of antioxidant uric acid, considering also potential influence of antidepressant treatment. We searched the main Electronic Databases, identifying 14 studies that met our inclusion criteria. Meta-analyses were carried out generating pooled Hedges' g and mean differences (MDs), using random-effects models...
June 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618105/factors-influencing-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-gout-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#19
Xin Hui Jasmine Chua, Siriwan Lim, Fui Ping Lim, Yee Nah Anita Lim, Hong-Gu He, Gim Gee Teng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the factors influencing adherence to urate-lowering therapy in patients with gout in Singapore. BACKGROUND: Gout is the most common type of chronic inflammatory arthritis. Urate-lowering therapy (ULT) is used to treat gout by reducing serum uric acid levels. However, adherence to ULT among patients remains poor. To date, there have been no available studies based on a conceptual framework that examined factors influencing medication adherence in patients with gout...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617837/risk-factors-and-protective-factors-associated-with-incident-or-increase-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#20
Zeyun Feng, Marjolein Lugtenberg, Carmen Franse, Xinye Fang, Shanlian Hu, Chunlin Jin, Hein Raat
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is one of the greatest challenges facing our aging population, as it can lead to adverse outcomes such as institutionalization, hospitalization, and mortality. However, the factors that are associated with frailty are poorly understood. We performed a systematic review of longitudinal studies in order to identify the sociodemographic, physical, biological, lifestyle-related, and psychological risk or protective factors that are associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
11260
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"