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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925775/anxiety-disorders-interview-schedule-autism-addendum-reliability-and-validity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Connor Morrow Kerns, Patricia Renno, Philip C Kendall, Jeffrey J Wood, Eric A Storch
Assessing anxiety in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is inherently challenging due to overlapping (e.g., social avoidance) and ambiguous symptoms (e.g., fears of change). An ASD addendum to the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule-Child/Parent, Parent Version (ADIS/ASA) was developed to provide a systematic approach for differentiating traditional anxiety disorders from symptoms of ASD and more ambiguous, ASD-related anxiety symptoms. Interrater reliability and convergent and discriminant validity were examined in a sample of 69 youth with ASD (8-13 years, 75% male, IQ = 68-143) seeking treatment for anxiety...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922877/diagnostic-accuracy-of-central-venous-catheter-confirmation-by-bedside-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-in-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Enyo A Ablordeppey, Anne M Drewry, Alexander B Beyer, Daniel L Theodoro, Susan A Fowler, Brian M Fuller, Christopher R Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the accuracy of bedside ultrasound for confirmation of central venous catheter position and exclusion of pneumothorax compared with chest radiography. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, reference lists, conference proceedings and ClinicalTrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: Articles and abstracts describing the diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound compared with chest radiography for confirmation of central venous catheters in sufficient detail to reconstruct 2 × 2 contingency tables were reviewed...
December 5, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921093/evaluation-of-a-novel-semi-automated-ultrasound-system-for-the-detection-of-synovitis-a-prospective-study-involving-45-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
M Witt, J Frielinghausen, R Mueller, F Mueller, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, D-A Clevert
Background: Arthrosonography has proven to be more sensitive and reliable for the detection of synovitis than clinical examination, but a comprehensive examination of small joints is time-consuming. The automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) has been developed to allow automatic and reproducible series of consecutive B-mode pictures of the female breast. Objectives: To analyze the comparability of ABVS and conventional manual ultrasonography (mUS) for the detection of synovitis in hands and feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918336/resident-physicians-improve-nontechnical-skills-when-on-operating-room-management-and-leadership-rotation
#4
Devon C Cole, Christopher R Giordano, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency primarily emphasizes the development of medical knowledge and technical skills. Yet, nontechnical skills (NTS) are also vital to successful clinical practice. Elements of NTS are communication, teamwork, situational awareness, and decision making. METHODS: The first 10 consecutive senior residents who chose to participate in this 2-week elective rotation of operating room (OR) management and leadership training were enrolled in this study, which spanned from March 2013 to March 2015...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918154/the-international-classification-of-the-radiological-complexity-icc-of-frontal-recess-and-frontal-sinus
#5
Peter John Wormald, Ahmed Bassiouni, Claudio A Callejas, David W Kennedy, Martin J Citardi, Timothy L Smith, Richard R Orlandi, Oliver Kaschke, Jin Keat Siow, Kornel Szczygielski, Valerie Lund, Wytske Fokkens, Alkis J Psaltis
BACKGROUND: The frontal sinus is considered the most challenging sinus to address surgically. There are no current classifications of the degree of surgical complexity of different frontal sinus configurations. The aim of this study is to develop a classification system of the degree of complexity of frontal recess surgery based on preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: Authors were asked to submit a classification system. These were circulated to all authors...
December 5, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914023/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-translation-of-berg-balance-scale-in-parkinson-disease
#6
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Hosein Mohammadi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Seyed Amir Hasan Habibi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Bina Eftekharsadat
PURPOSE: Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the common causes of imbalance, and the balance assessment is necessary for treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) has been the main instrument used to evaluate balance impairment. The purpose of this study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Persian translation of BBS in Parkinson disease. METHODS: One hundred PD patients (with mean age of 56.8 ± 15.13 years) were included...
December 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909371/inter-rectus-distance-measurement-using-ultrasound-imaging-does-the-rater-matter
#7
Nadia Keshwani, Nicole Hills, Linda McLean
Purpose: To investigate the interrater reliability of inter-rectus distance (IRD) measured from ultrasound images acquired at rest and during a head-lift task in parous women and to establish the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) between two raters. Methods: Two physiotherapists independently acquired ultrasound images of the anterior abdominal wall from 17 parous women and measured IRD at four locations along the linea alba: at the superior border of the umbilicus, at 3 cm and 5 cm above the superior border of the umbilicus, and at 3 cm below the inferior border of the umbilicus...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909370/development-of-a-telephone-interview-version-of-the-chedoke-mcmaster-stroke-assessment-activity-inventory
#8
Ruth Barclay, Patricia A Miller, Sepideh Pooyania, Paul Stratford
Purpose: To develop a telephone version of the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment Activity Inventory (CMSA-AI) and estimate the test-retest reliability, interrater reliability (between participant and proxy), and construct validity of the scores for individuals with stroke. Methods: Adults with stroke and their caregivers or proxies were included. Participants were assessed with the CMSA-AI at discharge from a stroke rehabilitation unit and interviewed using the telephone version (TCMSA-AI). Two months after discharge, participants were evaluated with the CMSA-AI and interviewed over the phone using the TCMSA-AI on two occasions 2-3 days apart...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907049/dual-energy-ct-pulmonary-angiography-with-6g-iodine-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#9
Andreas Meier, Kai Higashigaito, Katharina Martini, Moritz Wurnig, Burkhardt Seifert, Dagmar Keller, Thomas Frauenfelder, Hatem Alkadhi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of low contrast media (CM) dose dual-energy computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) with advanced monoenergetic reconstructions in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study had institutional review board approval; all patients gave written informed consent. Forty-one patients (25 men, 16 women, mean age 62.9±14.7 years) undergoing low CM dose (15ml, 6g iodine) dual-energy CTPA with advanced monoenergetic reconstructions were matched via propensity-scoring based on logistic regression analysis with a comparison group of 41 patients (24 men, 17 women, mean age 62...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906744/reliability-of-sagittal-spinopelvic-alignment-measurements-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Katri Pernaa, Matti Seppänen, Keijo Mäkelä, Mikhail Saltychev
STUDY DESIGN: This is a observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of measuring sagittal spinopelvic alignment after hip arthroplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and lumbar lordosis (LL) are widely used in planning the treatment of people with spinal and hip disorders. Previously, these measures have proved reliable when hip heads are intact. Thus far, it is not known whether they are also reliable after total hip replacement...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906730/understanding-interrater-reliability-and-validity-of-risk-assessment-tools-used-to-predict-adverse-clinical-events
#11
Sandra L Siedlecki, Nancy M Albert
PURPOSE: This article will describe how to assess interrater reliability and validity of risk assessment tools, using easy-to-follow formulas, and to provide calculations that demonstrate principles discussed. DESCRIPTION: Clinical nurse specialists should be able to identify risk assessment tools that provide high-quality interrater reliability and the highest validity for predicting true events of importance to clinical settings. Making best practice recommendations for assessment tool use is critical to high-quality patient care and safe practices that impact patient outcomes and nursing resources...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899223/-test-d-%C3%A3-valuation-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-%C3%A2-tempa-to-assess-upper-limb-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Paula Ruiz de Freitas, Ana Elisa Lemos, Mariana Palla Santos, Stella Maris Michaelsen, Clynton Lourenço Corrêa, Alessandra Swarowsky
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and observational study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Assess upper limb (UL) activity limitations using the "Test d'Evaluation des Membres Supérieurs Des Personnes Agées" (TEMPA) in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and verify its clinimetrics properties. METHODS: The following were evaluated: internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability; concurrent validity; convergent validity; know group's validity; minimal detectable change, floor and ceiling effects, and the relationship between UL activity limitations and the presence of freezing of gait...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897360/central-atrophy-early-in-multiple-sclerosis-third-ventricle-volumetry-versus-planimetry
#13
Theodor Lutz, Barbara Bellenberg, Ruth Schneider, Florian Weiler, Odo Köster, Carsten Lukas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral atrophy has been suggested to be a reliable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) predictor of subsequent disability in all stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, no accepted methodology for routine clinical use exists to date. We sought an easy to apply and fast technique to evaluate cerebral ventricular volume in patients with MS with similar accuracy as a semiautomatic volumetric method. METHODS: The study included 104 patients, 61 diagnosed with MS and 43 with clinically isolated syndrome...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895473/calf-raise-senior-a-new-test-for-assessment-of-plantar-flexor-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-protocol-validity-and-reliability
#14
Helô-Isa André, Filomena Carnide, Edgar Borja, Fátima Ramalho, Rita Santos-Rocha, António P Veloso
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a new field test protocol with a standardized measurement of strength and power in plantar flexor muscles targeted to functionally independent older adults, the calf-raise senior (CRS) test, and also evaluate its reliability and validity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-one subjects aged 65 years and older of both sexes participated in five different cross-sectional studies: 1) pilot (n=12); 2) inter- and intrarater agreement (n=12); 3) construct (n=41); 4) criterion validity (n=33); and 5) test-retest reliability (n=41)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895443/the-validation-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-serbian-translation-of-the-richmond-agitation-and-sedation-scale-in-post-anesthesia-care-unit-patients
#15
Karlicic Stasevic, M Stasevic, S Jankovic, Dejanovic Djukic, A Dutina, I Grbic
BACKGROUND: Targeted light sedation is recommended because it shortens the time of mechanical ventilation and the length of stay in an intensive care unit (ICU). However, there is no validated scale for sedation and agitation in ICU in the Serbian speaking area. The aim of the current study was to validate, verify the reliability and enable the application of the Richmond Agitation and Sedation Scale (RASS) in the Serbian speaking area. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, RASS was applied to 301 adult patients hospitalized in surgical ICUs by two different research team members...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892775/the-emotion-word-fluency-test-ewft-initial-psychometric-validation-and-physiological-evidence-in-young-adults
#16
Christopher A Abeare, Sabrina Freund, Kristen Kaploun, Tara McAuley, Claudiu Dumitrescu
INTRODUCTION: The clinical assessment of affective functioning has been slow to incorporate findings from affective neuroscience. Of particular interest in the current study is the assessment of affective word production. METHOD: In a series of four studies, we examined test-retest and interrater reliability for the Emotion Word Fluency Test (EWFT), basic construct validity with existing verbal fluency measures, physiological responses across verbal fluency tasks, and a novel scoring method to examine qualitative aspects of participant response sets...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887766/translation-and-validation-of-neck-bournemouth-questionnaire-to-brazilian-portuguese
#17
Danilo Harudy Kamonseki, Luísa Cedin, Jaqueline Tavares-Preto, Beatriz de Oliveira Peixoto, Sandro Rostelato-Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To translate the Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, cross-culturally adapt, and to verify its validity and its reliability. METHODS: The development of the Brazilian version of Neck Bournemouth Questionnaire (Brazil-NBQ) was based on the guideline proposed by Guillemin. The applied process consisted of translation, back-translation, committee review and pre-test. Sixty-one volunteers presenting neck pain participated in this study...
October 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886973/using-the-acgme-milestones-for-resident-self-evaluation-and-faculty-engagement
#18
REVIEW
Andreas H Meier, Angelika Gruessner, Robert N Cooney
BACKGROUND: Since July 2014 General Surgery residency programs have been required to use the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones twice annually to assess the progress of their trainees. We felt this change was a great opportunity to use this new evaluation tool for resident self-assessment and to furthermore engage the faculty in the educational efforts of the program. METHODS: We piloted the milestones with postgraduate year (PGY) II and IV residents during the 2013/2014 academic year to get faculty and residents acquainted with the instrument...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879598/alveolar-bone-grafting-and-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-review
#19
E Hope Weissler, Kaitlyn M Paine, Mairaj K Ahmed, Peter J Taub
Alveolar bone grafting in the mixed dentition stage is an accepted step in the management of cleft alveoli, providing maxillary arch support for dentition and mastication. Points of contention regarding best practices remain, including specific timing, perioperative orthodontic management, bone harvest and substitutes, pain management, and outcomes evaluations. SCOPUS and MEDLINE were searched for articles about alveolar bone grafting, which were read independently by two authors and selected for inclusion on the basis of relevance and merit...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878972/the-interrater-reliability-of-nursing-outcome-classification-noc-caregiver-performance-direct-care
#20
Vera Kurnia Adistya, Intansari Nurjannah, Heru Subekti
PURPOSE: The article investigates the interrater reliability of Nursing Outcome Classification (NOC) "Caregiver Performance: Direct Care" in Indonesian language. METHODS: Two raters assessed 31 caregivers of clients with mental disorders using NOC "Caregiver Performance: Direct Care" in January 2016. This NOC was translated into Indonesian and each indicator was operated in accordance with caregivers' need in taking care of clients. Kappa and percent agreement were used for the analysis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
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