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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528329/the-interrater-reliability-of-the-autism-diagnostic-interview-revised-adi-r-in-clinical-settings
#1
Eric Zander, Charlotte Willfors, Steve Berggren, Christina Coco, Anette Holm, Ida Jifält, Renata Kosieradzki, Jenny Linder, Viviann Nordin, Karin Olafsdottir, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: The Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) is considered a first choice assessment tool in autism spectrum disorder. Nevertheless, despite its wide use in psychiatric practice and recommendations by various clinical guidelines, its interrater reliability has predominantly been confirmed in research settings by specially trained, research reliability interviewers. The reliability of ADI-R assessments among clinicians has not yet been established. Therefore, this study examined the spontaneous interrater reliability of the ADI-R in a naturalistic clinical multicenter setting...
May 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526666/a-smart-toy-to-enhance-the-decision-making-process-at-children-s-psychomotor-delay-screenings-a-pilot-study
#2
María Angeles Gutiérrez García, María Luisa Martín Ruiz, Diego Rivera, Laura Vadillo, Miguel Angel Valero Duboy
BACKGROUND: EDUCERE ("Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders") is an ecosystem for ubiquitous detection, care, and early stimulation of children with developmental disorders. The objectives of this Spanish government-funded research and development project are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524792/analysis-and-interrater-reliability-of-pb-c2-using-mri-and-ct-data-from-the-park-reeves-syringomyelia-research-consortium-on-behalf-of-the-pediatric-craniocervical-society
#3
Todd C Hankinson, Gerald F Tuite, Dagmara I Moscoso, Leslie C Robinson, James C Torner, David D Limbrick, Tae Sung Park, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE The distance to the ventral dura, perpendicular to the basion to C2 line (pB-C2), is commonly employed as a measure describing the anatomy of the craniovertebral junction. However, both the reliability among observers and the clinical utility of this measurement in the context of Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) have been incompletely determined. METHODS Data were reviewed from the first 600 patients enrolled in the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium with CM-I and syringomyelia. Thirty-one cases were identified in which both CT and MRI studies were available for review...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#4
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503535/validity-and-reliability-evidence-of-the-physical-activity-level-screening-for-preschoolers-with-developmental-delays-and-or-disabilities
#5
Changwoong Park, So-Yeun Kim, Lauriece L Zittel, Marilyn Looney
Psychometric properties of the physical activity level screening (PALS) for preschoolers with a developmental delay and/or a disability were examined in this study. The mean age of participants (16 boys and 14 girls) was 54.9 months (standard deviation, 10.4). Each participant wore one Actical accelerometer and was filmed for 20 min during the active play time. Intrarater and interrater reliability, and validity of the PALS data were examined. The proportion of agreement for intrarater was 87.5% and 85.6% for interrater reliability...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499093/the-segond-fracture-is-an-avulsion-of-the-anterolateral-complex
#6
Humza Shaikh, Elmar Herbst, Ata Amir Rahnemai-Azar, Marcio Bottene Villa Albers, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Volker Musahl, James J Irrgang, Freddie H Fu
BACKGROUND: The Segond fracture was classically described as an avulsion fracture of the anterolateral capsule of the knee. Recently, some authors have attributed its pathogenesis to the "anterolateral ligament" (ALL). Biomechanical studies that have attempted to reproduce this fracture in vitro have reported conflicting findings. PURPOSE: To determine the anatomic characteristics of the Segond fracture on plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to compare this location with the location of the ALL described in prior radiographic and anatomic publications, and to determine the fracture's attachments to the soft tissue anterolateral structures of the knee...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497983/promoting-responsible-electronic-documentation-validity-evidence-for-a-checklist-to-assess-progress-notes-in-the-electronic-health-record
#7
Jennifer A Bierman, Kathryn Kinner Hufmeyer, David T Liss, A Charlotta Weaver, Heather L Heiman
Construct: We aimed to develop an instrument to measure the quality of inpatient electronic health record- (EHR-) generated progress notes without requiring raters to review the detailed chart or know the patient. BACKGROUND: Notes written in EHRs have generated criticism for being unnecessarily long and redundant, perpetuating inaccuracy and obscuring providers' clinical reasoning. Available assessment tools either focus on outpatient progress notes or require chart review by raters to develop familiarity with the patient...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497641/adult-executive-functioning-inventory-adexi-validity-reliability-and-relations-to-adhd
#8
Ylva Holst, Lisa B Thorell
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Adult Executive Functioning Inventory (ADEXI). This new executive functioning (EF) rating instrument has the advantage of being brief (14 items) and focusing specifically on working memory and inhibitory control. Results showed that scores on the ADEXI had high internal consistency and adequate test-retest reliability, but low concurrence between self-ratings and other ratings. High and statistically significant correlations were found between ADEXI scores and scores from another EF rating instrument, whereas the correlations between ADEXI scores and neuropsychological test scores were weak and often non-significant...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497575/recognition-of-delirium-in-postoperative-elderly-patients-a-multicenter-study
#9
Tianne Numan, Mark van den Boogaard, Adriaan M Kamper, Paul J T Rood, Linda M Peelen, Arjen J C Slooter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate to what extent delirium experts agree on the diagnosis of delirium when independently assessing exactly the same information and to evaluate the sensitivity of delirium screening tools in routine daily practice of clinical nurses. DESIGN: Prospective observational longitudinal study. SETTING: Three medical centers in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly postoperative adults (n = 167). MEASUREMENTS: A researcher examined participants daily (Postoperative Day 1-3) for delirium using a standardized cognitive assessment and interview including the Delirium Rating Scale Revised-98 as global impression without any cut-off values that was recorded on video...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493729/the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-for-dsm-5-caps-5-development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-in-military-veterans
#10
Frank W Weathers, Michelle J Bovin, Daniel J Lee, Denise M Sloan, Paula P Schnurr, Danny G Kaloupek, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) is an extensively validated and widely used structured diagnostic interview for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The CAPS was recently revised to correspond with PTSD criteria in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). This article describes the development of the CAPS for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) and presents the results of an initial psychometric evaluation of CAPS-5 scores in 2 samples of military veterans (Ns = 165 and 207)...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481817/the-revised-index-for-social-engagement-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-psychometric-study
#11
Ju Young Yoon, Hongsoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Social engagement is known to be an important factor that affects the quality of life and the psychological well-being of residents in long-term care settings. Few studies have examined social engagement in long-term care facilities in non-Western countries. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the revised index for social engagement (RISE), which was derived from the Korean version of the interRAI Long Term Care Facilities instrument...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481408/the-physical-and-cognitive-performance-test-for-residents-in-assisted-living-facilities
#12
Mary Elizabeth Bowen, Meredeth Rowe, Mary Ersek, Said Ibrahim, Judy A Shea
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new performance-based instrument (Physical and Cognitive Performance Test for Assisted Living Facilities (PCPT ALF)) designed to assess the physical and cognitive skills associated with performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). DESIGN: There were three stages in this study: development of instrument items and validity testing, a feasibility pilot study, and a cross-sectional trial to establish construct and criterion validity and reliability...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475403/developing-an-instrument-for-the-measurement-of-grip-ability-after-distal-radius-fracture
#13
Marianne Bemgård, Birgitha Archenholtz
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fracture (DRF) often causes reduced ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs). There is a need for recurrent evaluation of the ability to perform ADL in the early stage of rehabilitation as a complement to traditional functional measures. AIM: Develop a short and simple performance test for use in clinical practice through modification of the Sollerman Grip Function Test (GFT). METHOD: DRF patients and controls performed the GFT...
May 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471869/low-energy-virtual-monochromatic-dual-energy-computed-tomography-images-for-the-evaluation-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-study-of-tumor-visibility-compared-with-single-energy-computed-tomography-and-user-acceptance
#14
Reza Forghani, Hillary Kelly, Eugene Yu, Manon Belair, Laurent Létourneau-Guillon, Huy Le, Francesca Proulx, Thomas Ong, Xianming Tan, Hugh D Curtin, Mark Levental
OBJECTIVE: Dual-energy computed tomography (CT) 40-keV virtual monochromatic images (VMIs) have been reported to improve visualization of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, but a direct comparison to single-energy CT (SECT) is lacking, and there is debate regarding subjective user preference. We compared 40-keV VMIs with SECT and performed a subjective evaluation of their utility and acceptability for clinical use. METHODS: A total of 60 dual-energy CT and 60 SECT scans from 2 different institutions were evaluated...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471813/challenging-authority-during-an-emergency-the-effect-of-a-teaching-intervention
#15
Zeev Friedman, Vsovolod Perelman, Duncan McLuckie, Meghan Andrews, Laura M K Noble, Archana Malavade, M Dylan Bould
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has shown that residents were unable to effectively challenge a superior's wrong decision during a crisis situation, a problem that can contribute to preventable mortality. We aimed to assess whether a teaching intervention enabled residents to effectively challenge clearly wrong clinical decisions made by their staff. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: Following ethics board approval, second year residents were randomized to a teaching intervention targeting cognitive skills needed to challenge a superior's decision, or a control group receiving general crisis management instruction...
April 29, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467109/a-novel-technique-for-the-assessment-of-total-liver-blood-flow-in-pregnancy-interrater-and-intrarater-agreements
#16
Eugenio P Q Aires, Mônica G Almeida, Vitor M Marques, Fernanda C Silva, Guillermo C Velarde, Renato Augusto M Sá
OBJECTIVE: To improve the technique for hepatic blood flow examination, with the objective of investigating a role for Doppler flowmetry of the liver in monitoring pregnant women with preeclampsia. METHODS: Two physicians independently examined a group of 50 healthy pregnant women. The main difference in the proposed technique is the measurement of the vessel cross sectional area and the adjustment of the Doppler samples according to the diameter of each vessel...
May 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466532/the-development-of-a-change-model-of-exits-during-cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#17
Sundeep Kaur Sandhu, Stephen Kellett, Gillian Hardy
OBJECTIVES: "Exits" in cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) are methods that change unhelpful patterns or roles during the final "revision" phase of the therapy. How exits are conceived and achieved is currently poorly understood. This study focussed on the revision stage to explore and define how change is accomplished in CAT. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis studied transcripts of sessions 6 and 7 of a protocol delivered 8-session CAT treatment for depression...
May 3, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461281/interrater-agreement-in-the-radiological-characterization-of-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-based-on-ct-angiography
#18
Nicolai Maldaner, Martin N Stienen, Philippe Bijlenga, Davide Croci, Daniel W Zumofen, Donato Dalonzo, Serge Marbacher, Rodolfo Maduri, Roy Thomas Daniel, Carlo Serra, Giuseppe Esposito, Marian Christoph Neidert, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli, Jan-Karl Burkhardt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine interrater agreement in the initial radiological characterization of ruptured intracranial aneurysms based on CTA with special emphasis on the rater's level of experience. METHODS: One junior and one senior rater of five high volume neurovascular tertiary centers evaluated anonymized CTA images of 30 consecutive aneurysmal SAH patients. Each rater described location, side, size and morphology in a standardized manner...
April 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460717/the-validity-and-reliability-of-a-pocket-sized-ultrasound-to-diagnose-distal-radius-fracture-and-assess-quality-of-closed-reduction
#19
Brian C Lau, Aaron Robertson, Daria Motamedi, Nicolas Lee
PURPOSE: Handheld ultrasound technology is increasingly used in health care. Its use for fracture care has not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate handheld, pocket-sized ultrasound in the diagnosis and assessment of reductions in distal radius fractures. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with distal radius fractures (average age, 53 years; 13 women) and 20 control patients (average age, 53 years; 10 women) were prospectively enrolled...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458027/applicability-of-neurotrend-as-a-bedside-monitor-in-the-neuro-icu
#20
J Herta, J Koren, F Fürbass, A Zöchmeister, M Hartmann, A Hosmann, C Baumgartner, A Gruber
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether ICU caregivers can correctly read and interpret continuous EEG (cEEG) data displayed with the computer algorithm NeuroTrend (NT) with the main attention on seizure detection and determination of sedation depth. METHODS: 120 screenshots of NT (480h of cEEG) were rated by 18 briefly trained nurses and biomedical analysts. Multirater agreements (MRA) as well as interrater agreements (IRA) compared to an expert opinion (EXO) were calculated for items such as pattern type, pattern location, interruption of recording, seizure suspicion, consistency of frequency, seizure tendency and level of sedation...
June 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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