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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635986/optimism-symptom-distress-illness-appraisal-and-coping-in-patients-with-advanced-stage-cancer-diagnoses-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment
#1
Catherine Sumpio, Sangchoon Jeon, Laurel L Northouse, M Tish Knobf
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between optimism, self-efficacy, symptom distress, treatment complexity, illness appraisal, coping, and mood disturbance in patients with advanced-stage cancer.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven in Connecticut, an outpatient comprehensive cancer center.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 121 adult patients with stages III-IV cancer undergoing active chemotherapy...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633933/trajectories-of-self-evaluation-bias-in-primary-and-secondary-school-parental-antecedents-and-academic-consequences
#2
Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Thérèse Bouffard, Carole Vezeau
Using a longitudinal approach spanning nine years of children's formal education, this study investigated the developmental trajectories of self-evaluation bias of academic competence. The study also examined how parenting styles were associated with the trajectories of bias in mid-primary school, and how those trajectories predicted academic outcomes at the end of secondary school and the beginning of college. A total of 711 children in 4th and 5th grades (mean age=10.71years old; 358 girls) participated in this study...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632335/to-brexit-or-not-to-brexit-the-roles-of-islamophobia-conspiracist-beliefs-and-integrated-threat-in-voting-intentions-for-the-united-kingdom-european-union-membership-referendum
#3
Viren Swami, David Barron, Laura Weis, Adrian Furnham
We used an identities approach to examine voting intentions in the June 2016 UK referendum on membership of the European Union (EU). In April 2016, 303 British adults (58.7% women, age M = 34.73) indicated their voting intentions for the referendum and completed measures of identification with the national in-group, perceived threat from Muslim immigrants, belief in Islamophobic conspiracy narratives, Islamophobia, general conspiracist beliefs, ambiguity tolerance, and belief in a clash of civilizations. Path and mediation analyses indicated that greater belief in Islamophobic conspiracy theories mediated the link between Islamophobia and intention to vote to leave...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632247/antecedents-and-outcomes-of-uncertainty-in-older-adults-with-cancer-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#4
Vida Ghodraty Jabloo, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Margaret Fitch, Ann E Tourangeau, Ana Patricia Ayala, Martine T E Puts
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Uncertainty is a major source of distress for cancer survivors. Because cancer is primarily a disease of older adults, a comprehensive understanding of the antecedents and outcomes of uncertainty in older adults with cancer is essential. 
. LITERATURE SEARCH: MEDLINE®, PsycINFO®, Scopus, and CINAHL® were searched from inception to December 2015. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms and free text words were used for the search concepts, including neoplasms, uncertainty, and aging...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631102/experiencing-is-believing-prior-experience-moderates-the-impact-of-self-based-and-socially-based-cues-in-the-context-of-blood-donation
#5
Lindsay Roberts, Jason P Rose, Erin A Vogel
Two studies explored how self-based cues (i.e., self-efficacy), socially-based cues (i.e., perceived social norms), and prior blood donation experience differentially influence behavioral intentions. In Study 1, undergraduate students (N = 766) completed an online study that evaluated prior experiences, self-efficacy, perceived norms, and behavioral intentions in the context of blood donation. In Study 2, a community sample (N = 199) from a clinic waiting room completed similar measures. Across both studies, having high self-efficacy was a necessary and sufficient antecedent to high intentions, regardless of norm perception for donors...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630904/participatory-adaptive-management-leads-to-environmental-learning-outcomes-extending-beyond-the-sphere-of-science
#6
Marie Fujitani, Andrew McFall, Christoph Randler, Robert Arlinghaus
Resolving uncertainties in managed social-ecological systems requires adaptive experimentation at whole-ecosystem levels. However, whether participatory adaptive management fosters ecological understanding among stakeholders beyond the sphere of science is unknown. We experimentally involved members of German angling clubs (n = 181 in workshops, n = 2483 in total) engaged in self-governance of freshwater fisheries resources in a large-scale ecological experiment of active adaptive management of fish stocking, which constitutes a controversial management practice for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning when conducted inappropriately...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630720/predictors-and-trajectories-of-chronic-postoperative-pain-following-hip-preservation-surgery
#7
Christine B Sieberg, Justyna Klajn, Cindy Wong, Garrett Bowen, Laura E Simons, Michael B Millis
Factors contributing to chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) are poorly defined in young people and developmental considerations are poorly understood. With over 5 million children undergoing surgery yearly and 25% of adults referred to chronic pain clinics identifying surgery as the antecedent, there is a need to elucidate factors that contribute to CPOP in surgical patients. The present study includes patients undergoing hip preservation surgery at a children's hospital. The HOOS and SF-12 Health Survey were administered to 614 pre-surgical patients with 421 patients completing follow-up (6-months, 1-year and 2-years post-surgery)...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630373/incidence-and-time-course-for-developing-heart-failure-with-high-burden-right-ventricular-pacing
#8
Faisal M Merchant, Michael H Hoskins, Dan L Musat, Julie B Prillinger, Gregory J Roberts, Yelena Nabutovsky, Suneet Mittal
BACKGROUND: Although right ventricular pacing can contribute to cardiomyopathy, the impact of complete atrioventricular block (cAVB) on heart failure (HF) development in pacemaker patients has not been well characterized. We evaluated the incidence and time course for developing HF after pacemaker implantation for cAVB. METHODS AND RESULTS: A MarketScan database identified patients undergoing dual-chamber pacemaker implantation from 2008 to 2014. Patients with cAVB were identified by an atrioventricular node ablation or diagnosis of third-degree AVB...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630210/short-telomeres-but-not-telomere-attrition-rates-are-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis
#9
Simon Toupance, Carlos Labat, Mohamed Temmar, Patrick Rossignol, Masayuki Kimura, Abraham Aviv, Athanase Benetos
Short telomeres are associated with atherosclerosis. However, the temporal relationship between atherosclerosis and telomere length is unclear. The objective of this work was to examine the temporal formation and progression of carotid atherosclerotic plaques in relation to telomere dynamics. In a longitudinal study, comprising 154 French men and women (aged 31-76 years at baseline), carotid plaques were quantified by echography, and telomere length on leucocytes was measured by Southern blots at baseline and follow-up examinations...
June 19, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628963/relational-group-and-individual-psychoanalysis-cultural-antecedents-and-clinical-implications
#10
Alice Sohn
The One and the Many: Relational Psychoanalysis and Group Analysis. By Juan Tubert-Oklander. London: Karnac, 2014. 288 pp.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628820/river-flow-is-critical-for-vegetation-dynamics-lessons-from-multi-scale-analysis-in-a-hyper-arid-endorheic-basin
#11
Qin Shen, Guangyao Gao, Yihe Lü, Shuai Wang, Xiaohui Jiang, Bojie Fu
Knowledge of the spatio-temporal responses of vegetation dynamics to hydro-climatic factors is important to assess ecological restoration efforts in arid and semiarid areas. In this study, the vegetation dynamics during 2000-2015 were investigated in the downstream area of the Heihe River Basin (HRB) in Northwest China where an ecological water diversion project (EWDP) commenced in 2000. The spatio-temporal relationships between vegetation cover and climatic factors (precipitation and temperature) and available water resources (river flow and groundwater) were determined...
June 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628620/prevalence-and-determinants-of-online-sex-use-in-the-german-population
#12
Manfred E Beutel, Sebastian Giralt, Klaus Wölfling, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler
INTRODUCTION: The unlimited access to sexual features in the World Wide Web has raised concerns about excessive and problematic online-sex use. However, little is known about antecedents of internet-sex use of different intensity. Based on a representative German sample of 2,522 participants between the ages of 14 and 97 years, the aims of the present study were (1) to determine the prevalence rates of online-sex users with the short version (ISSTGSV) of the Internet Sex Screening Test and (2) to associate online-sex use with anxious vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624434/brain-glucose-metabolism-role-of-wnt-signaling-in-the-metabolic-impairment-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Pedro Cisternas, Nibaldo C Inestrosa
The brain is an organ that has a high demand for glucose. In the brain, glucose is predominantly used in energy production, with almost 70% of the energy used by neurons. The importance of the energy requirement in neurons is clearly demonstrated by the fact that all neurodegenerative disorders exhibit a critical metabolic impairment that includes decreased glucose uptake/utilization and decreased mitochondrial activity, with a consequent diminution in ATP production. In fact, in Alzheimer's disease, the measurement of the general metabolic rate of the brain has been reported to be an accurate tool for diagnosis...
June 14, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#14
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#15
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608168/a-unique-path-to-callous-unemotional-traits-for-children-who-are-temperamentally-fearless-and-unconcerned-about-transgressions-a-longitudinal-study-of-typically-developing-children-from-age-2-to-12
#16
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
Despite the acknowledged significance of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in developmental psychopathology, few studies have examined their early antecedents in typically developing children, in long-term longitudinal designs, using observational measures. In 102 community mothers, fathers, and children (N = 51 girls), we examined main and interactive effects of children's fearless temperament and low concern about transgressions from toddler to early school age as predictors of CU traits in middle childhood and early preadolescence...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607061/when-the-appeal-of-a-dominant-leader-is-greater-than-a-prestige-leader
#17
Hemant Kakkar, Niro Sivanathan
Across the globe we witness the rise of populist authoritarian leaders who are overbearing in their narrative, aggressive in behavior, and often exhibit questionable moral character. Drawing on evolutionary theory of leadership emergence, in which dominance and prestige are seen as dual routes to leadership, we provide a situational and psychological account for when and why dominant leaders are preferred over other respected and admired candidates. We test our hypothesis using three studies, encompassing more than 140,000 participants, across 69 countries and spanning the past two decades...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606630/long-term-contextual-memory-in-infant-rats-as-evidenced-by-an-ethanol-conditioned-tolerance-procedure
#18
Stefanía Castelló, Juan Carlos Molina, Carlos Arias
Conditioned tolerance can be conceptualized as a particular case of Pavlovian conditioning in which contextual cues play the role of the conditioned stimulus. Although the evidence is contradictory, it is frequently assumed that long-term contextual conditioning in pre-weanling rats is weak or even absent. This hypothesis comes from and is sustained mainly by behavioral studies that explored different contextual effects in 16-18day-old rats using a fear-conditioning paradigm, but their conclusions are stated in terms of an immature (hippocampal-dependent) declarative memory system...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602895/risk-factors-for-sub-optimal-utilization-of-statins-and-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-revascularization-for-symptomatic-peripheral-arterial-disease
#19
Andrew J Meltzer, Art Sedrakyan, Peter H Connolly, Sharif Ellozy, Darren B Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify risk factors for sub-optimal medical therapy (defined as reported antiplatelet and statin use) among patients undergoing lower extremity bypass (LEB) and percutaneous interventions (PVI) for symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS: The Vascular Study Group of Greater New York (VSGGNY) database was used to identify all patients undergoing PVI or LEB for PAD (2011-2013). Bivariate analyses were performed to identifycharacteristics of patients who were not prescribed statins and/or antiplatelet agents prior to revascularization...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601355/yogic-breathing-practices-improve-lung-functions-of-competitive-young-swimmers
#20
Chirag Sunil Hakked, Ragavendrasamy Balakrishnan, Manjunath Nandi Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Resistive breathing practices are known to improve endurance and performance in competitive swimmers. However, the effect of Pranayama or Yogic Breathing Practices (YBP) in improving respiratory endurance and performance of competitive swimmers remains un-investigated. OBJECTIVES: To study effects of yogic breathing practices on lung functions of swimmers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty seven national and international competitive swimmers of the age range 13-20 years, with 8...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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