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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318013/ethnic-identity-development-and-acculturation-preferences-among-minority-and-majority-youth-norms-and-contact
#1
Roberto González, Brian Lickel, Manisha Gupta, Linda R Tropp, Bernadette P Luengo Kanacri, Eduardo Mora, Pablo De Tezanos-Pinto, Christian Berger, Daniel Valdenegro, Oscar Cayul, Daniel Miranda, Patricio Saavedra, Michelle Bernardino
This article tests a longitudinal model of the antecedents and consequences of changes in identification with indigenous (Mapuche) among indigenous and nonindigenous youth in Chilean school contexts over a 6-month period (633 nonindigenous and 270 Mapuche students, Mages  = 12.47 and 12.80 years, respectively). Results revealed that in-group norms supporting contact and quality of intergroup contact at Time 1 predicted student's changes in Mapuche identification at Time 2, which in turn predicted changes in support for adoption of Chilean culture and maintenance of Mapuche culture at Time 2; some of the relationships between these variables were found to be moderated by age and ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317502/no-reliable-evidence-that-emotional-disorders-are-proximal-antecedents-concomitants-or-short-term-consequences-of-first-episode-alcohol-use-disorders-in-a-representative-community-sample
#2
Richard F Farmer, John R Seeley, Derek B Kosty, Jeff M Gau, Susan C Duncan, Kenneth J Sher, Peter M Lewinsohn
OBJECTIVE: Emotional disorders and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) frequently demonstrate significant 12-month and lifetime comorbid associations. This comorbidity has been incorporated into influential theories of addiction processes that posit direct or indirect causal associations between these disorder categories. There is currently no consensus, however, about the sequencing of these disorders. In this research, longitudinal data from a regionally representative community sample were used to evaluate whether emotional disorders constitute a proximal antecedent, concomitant, or short-term consequence of first episode (or index) AUDs...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317500/can-i-use-marijuana-safely-an-examination-of-distal-antecedents-marijuana-protective-behavioral-strategies-and-marijuana-outcomes
#3
Adrian J Bravo, Mark A Prince, Matthew R Pearson
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of marijuana use among college students, it is imperative to determine the factors that may reduce risk of problematic marijuana use and/or the development of cannabis use disorder. We examined marijuana protective behavioral strategies (PBS) as a proximal predictor of marijuana-related outcomes and a mediator of the associations between other known risk/protective factors and marijuana-related outcomes. METHOD: Using data from a sample of 2,129 past-month marijuana users, collected from 11 universities in the United States, we examined marijuana PBS use as a mediator of the effects of sex, age at first use, impulsivity-like traits, and marijuana use motives on marijuana use frequency and marijuana related consequences...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#4
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#5
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315591/reference-ranges-and-impact-of-selected-confounders-on-classic-serum-and-urinary-renal-markers-in-neonatal-period
#6
Monika Miklaszewska, Przemysław Korohoda, Przemko Kwinta, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Tomasz Tomasik, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska, Dorota Drożdż
PURPOSE: Renal injury in term and pre-term neonates may be an antecedent to chronic kidney disease in the child's further life. The aim of the paper was to compile a reference range for selected serum and urinary renal markers in the neonatal period for full-term (FT) and pre-term (PT) newborns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prospective study included 23 FT infants (birth weight - BW≥2500g and gestational age - GA≥37Hbd) and 32 PT children (BW<2500g and GA<37Hbd) in good general condition, without acute kidney injury (AKI) or sepsis...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304259/an-extended-expectation-confirmation-model-for-mobile-nursing-information-system-continuance
#7
Pi-Jung Hsieh, Hui-Min Lai, Chen-Chung Ma, Judith W Alexander, Memg-Yi Lin
Nursing is critical in health care systems and comprises the planning, execution, and documentation of nursing care. To better manage health care information during patient care, the use of a mobile nursing information system (MNIS) provides more time to care for inpatients by reducing time-consuming and redundant paperwork. The purpose of this study was to extend the expectation-confirmation model and explore the roles of nursing professional competency (skill in use), habit (customary use), satisfaction (with use), and frequency of prior use in the context of MNIS continuance usage...
November 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303382/a-rare-case-of-non-traumatic-multi-level-bilateral-pedicle-fractures-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-60-year-old-patient
#8
Timo Schmid, Paul Heini, Lorin Benneker
INTRODUCTION: We report a 60-year-old patient who sustained non-traumatic, multi-level, bilateral lumbar pedicle fractures in the setting of unilateral lumbar spondylolysis. A possible fracture mechanism is evaluated and a review of the literature is presented. Whereas contralateral pedicle fractures of lumbar vertebrae with unilateral spondylosis are well described in young athletes, there is only one case report of multi-level, bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine in a young patient who sustained a high-impact motorcycle accident...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295943/wrong-postural-hygiene-and-ergonomics-in-dental-students-of-the-university-of-valencia-spain-part-i
#9
J Cervera-Espert, A Pascual-Moscardó, I Camps-Alemany
INTRODUCTION: Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-pptsd-a-concept-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PPTSD). BACKGROUND: Prevalence of PPTSD is rising in the United States, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295155/antecedents-and-neuroimaging-patterns-in-cerebral-palsy-with-epilepsy-and-cognitive-impairment-a-population-based-study-in-children-born-at-term
#11
Kristina Ahlin, Bo Jacobsson, Staffan Nilsson, Kate Himmelmann
INTRODUCTION: Antecedents of accompanying impairments in cerebral palsy (CP) and their relation to neuroimaging patterns need to be explored. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based study of 309 children with CP born at term in 1983-1994. Pre-, intra- and postpartum variables previously studied as antecedents of CP type and motor severity were analysed in children with CP and cognitive impairment and/or epilepsy, and in children with CP without these accompanying impairments...
March 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288937/incidence-of-fatal-snake-bite-in-australia-a-coronial-based-retrospective-study-2000-2016
#12
Ronelle Welton, Danny Liew, George Braitberg
INTRODUCTION: It has been over 20 years since a national review of recorded deaths from snake envenoming. The present study aimed to provide an updated review of the epidemiology of deaths from snake bites in Australia. METHODS: Deaths were identified from January 2000 to December 2016 from the National Coronial Information System. Cases identified due to snakes were extracted with data on coronial findings, autopsy and police records. RESULTS: Thirty five deaths (2...
March 10, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288589/choroidal-infarction-in-a-glaucoma-patient-with-flammer-syndrome-a-case-report-with-a-long-term-follow-up
#13
Barbara Terelak-Borys, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Anita Piekarniak-Wozniak, Katarzyna Konieczka
BACKGROUND: We present a long term follow-up of a young female patient with choroidal infarction, primary open angle glaucoma and Flammer syndrome. The patient had no classical risk factors for vascular occlusions, except for the presence of Flammer syndrome. The essential feature of this syndrome is primary vascular dysregulation, sometimes including vasospasm. The vessels of affected people respond more intensely to a number of stimuli, such as coldness or emotional stress. Any organ can be involved, including parts of the eye...
March 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284645/influence-of-stormflow-and-baseflow-phosphorus-pressures-on-stream-ecology-in-agricultural-catchments
#14
Mairead Shore, Sinead Murphy, Per-Erik Mellander, Ger Shortle, Alice R Melland, Lucy Crockford, Vincent O'Flaherty, Lauren Williams, Ger Morgan, Phil Jordan
Stormflow and baseflow phosphorus (P) concentrations and loads in rivers may exert different ecological pressures during different seasons. These pressures and subsequent impacts are important to disentangle in order to target and monitor the effectiveness of mitigation measures. This study investigated the influence of stormflow and baseflow P pressures on stream ecology in six contrasting agricultural catchments. A five-year high resolution dataset was used consisting of stream discharge, P chemistry, macroinvertebrate and diatom ecology, supported with microbial source tracking and turbidity data...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283931/spiritual-health-a-concept-analysis
#15
Azita Jaberi, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Spiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, 1995) concept analysis method was used in this study...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283100/antecedent-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-two-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
A Baheerathan, W J Brownlee, D T Chard, K Shields, R Gregory, S A Trip
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder characterised by psychiatric symptoms, movement disorder and seizures often evolving into a severe encephalopathy. An overlap has recently been recognised between anti-NMDAR encephalitis and inflammatory demyelinating disorders, particularly neuromyelitis optical spectrum disorder (NMOSD). In this case report, we describe two patients with an initial presentation consistent with anti-NMDAR encephalitis who have subsequently developed relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and discuss the literature pertaining to potential overlap between NMDAR encephalitis and inflammatory demyelinating disorders...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277723/employees-responses-to-an-organizational-merger-intraindividual-change-in-organizational-identification-attachment-and-turnover
#17
Wookje Sung, Meredith L Woehler, Jesse M Fagan, Travis J Grosser, Theresa M Floyd, Giuseppe Joe Labianca
The authors used pre-post merger data from 599 employees experiencing a major corporate merger to compare 3 conceptual models based on the logic of social identity theory (SIT) and exchange theory to explain employees' merger responses. At issue is how perceived change in employees' own jobs and roles (i.e., personal valence) and perceived change in their organization's status and merger appropriateness (i.e., organizational valence) affect their changing organizational identification, attachment attitudes, and voluntary turnover...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277713/relational-antecedents-and-social-implications-of-the-emotion-of-empathy-evidence-from-three-studies
#18
Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
Despite emotion researchers' strong interest in empathy and its implications for prosocial functioning, surprisingly few studies have examined parent-child attachment as a context for early origins of empathy in young children. Consequently, empirical evidence on links among children's attachment, empathy, and prosociality is thin and inconsistent. We examined such links in 2 longitudinal studies of community families (Family Study, N = 101 mothers, fathers, and children, 14 to 80 months; Parent-Child Study, mothers and children, N = 108, 15 to 45 months) and a study of low-income, diverse mothers and toddlers (Play Study, N = 186, 30 months)...
March 9, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275116/retrospective-review-of-atypical-femoral-fracture-in-metastatic-bone-disease-patients-receiving-denosumab-therapy
#19
Samantha Peiling Yang, Tae Won B Kim, Patrick J Boland, Azeez Farooki
BACKGROUND: Denosumab therapy is used to reduce skeletal-related events in metastatic bone disease (MBD). There have been reports of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) in osteoporotic patients treated with denosumab but none in the context of higher dose and more frequent denosumab therapy for MBD. The goal of this study was to assess the incidence of AFF in MBD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 253 patients who received a minimum of 12 doses of denosumab at 120 mg each for MBD...
March 8, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271509/silent-sinus-syndrome-after-facial-trauma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Rakhna Araslanova, Larry Allen, Brian W Rotenberg, Leigh J Sowerby
OBJECTIVE: The accepted definition of silent sinus syndrome (SSS) excludes posttraumatic cases. To challenge current exclusion criteria of antecedent facial trauma, we have identified all published cases of posttraumatic SSS in English literature, including a new representative case from our institution. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus databases. REVIEW METHODS: All case reports and case series published in English literature from 1964 through August 2016 were sequentially identified...
March 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
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