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Antecedent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455696/targeting-habits-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-proof-of-concept-randomized-trial
#1
Joanna E Steinglass, Deborah R Glasofer, Emily Walsh, Gabby Guzman, Carol B Peterson, B Timothy Walsh, Evelyn Attia, Stephen A Wonderlich
BACKGROUND: Habits are behavioral routines that are automatic and frequent, relatively independent of any desired outcome, and have potent antecedent cues. Among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), behaviors that promote the starved state appear habitual, and this is the foundation of a recent neurobiological model of AN. In this proof-of-concept study, we tested the habit model of AN by examining the impact of an intervention focused on antecedent cues for eating disorder routines...
February 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455266/inflammatory-tenosynovitis-and-enthesitis-induced-by-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-treatment
#2
Jun Inamo, Yuko Kaneko, Tsutomu Takeuchi
Reports about immune-related adverse events (IrAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been increasing. Although the importance of understanding joint involvement and myalgia as an IrAE has grown, little is known about its characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of articular IrAEs. We reviewed 133 patients who were treated with ICIs in our institution and referred to our rheumatologic. Among them, 2 (1.5%) developed arthritis during the use of anti-PD-1 inhibitor, and there was one patient with joint pain after anti-PD-L1 inhibitor who was referred to our department from another institution...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452066/biopsychosocial-factors-antecedent-and-consequential-to-women-s-health-issues
#4
Eleanor Krasen Covan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451460/early-childhood-conduct-problems-predict-economic-and-political-discontent-in-adulthood-evidence-from-two-large-longitudinal-uk-cohorts
#5
Gary J Lewis
Longstanding interest has been directed toward the etiology of sociopolitical attitudes. Personality traits have been posited as antecedents; however, most work addressing such links has been limited to cross-sectional study designs. The current study used data from two large (both Ns > 8,700), longitudinal cohorts of individuals from the United Kingdom who were parent-assessed on a measure of temperament (assessing anxiety, conduct problems, and hyperactivity) at age 5 or 7 years and on a range of sociopolitical attitudes at age 30 or 33 years...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451200/modulation-of-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-as-a-therapeutic-strategy-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Isaac G Onyango
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an increasingly pressing worldwide public-health, social, political and economic concern. Despite significant investment in multiple traditional therapeutic strategies that have achieved success in preclinical models addressing the pathological hallmarks of the disease, these efforts have not translated into any effective disease-modifying therapies. This could be because interventions are being tested too late in the disease process. While existing therapies provide symptomatic and clinical benefit, they do not fully address the molecular abnormalities that occur in AD neurons...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450855/health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-military-personnel-injured-in-combat-findings-from-the-wounded-warrior-recovery-project
#7
Susan I Woodruff, Michael R Galarneau, Cameron T McCabe, Daniel I Sack, Mary C Clouser
PURPOSE: Little is known about the long-term, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of those wounded in combat during Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, and New Dawn. The present study described the overall HRQOL for a large group of US service members experiencing mild-to-severe combat-related injuries, and assessed the unique contribution of demographics, service- and injury-related characteristics, and mental health factors on long-term HRQOL. METHOD: The Wounded Warrior Recovery Project examines patient-reported outcomes in a cohort of US military personnel wounded in combat...
February 15, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450232/predicting-early-onset-of-intoxication-versus-drinking-a-population-based-prospective-study-of-norwegian-adolescents
#8
Frøydis Enstad, Willy Pedersen, Wendy Nilsen, Tilmann von Soest
Aims: Recent research suggests that early onset of intoxication (EOI) may be of greater importance for a wide range of subsequent adverse outcomes than early drinking experiences without intoxication. However, research on antecedents of EOI is scarce. The present study identifies predictors of EOI and whether they differ from those of early onset of drinking (EOD). Methods: Data was drawn from the prospective Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study of Norwegian families ( n = 382), which followed up mothers and their children with six data collections from childhood (age 1...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446175/conceptualizing-workplace-cyberbullying-toward-a-definition-for-research-and-practice-in-nursing
#9
Natalia D'Souza, Darryl Forsyth, David Tappin, Bevan Catley
AIMS: To explore nurses' understandings and perceptions of workplace cyberbullying, in order to develop a relevant and meaningful definition of the phenomenon for future research and practice. BACKGROUND: Although previous research places nurses at an elevated risk of exposure to traditional workplace bullying, there is a notable absence of research investigating workplace cyberbullying within this profession. Considering the detrimental outcomes experienced by the targets of workplace cyberbullying, this is an issue that warrants focus...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444445/individual-differences-in-the-processing-of-referential-dependencies-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#10
Robert Fiorentino, Lauren Covey, Alison Gabriele
The present study examines the processing of referential ambiguity and referential failure using event-related potentials (ERPs). Participants read sentences with pronouns (he, she) which contained either one, two, or no potential gender-matching antecedents. Participants also took tests of working memory (count span/reading span) and attentional control (Number Stroop). In contexts of referential ambiguity with two potential gender-matching antecedents, two different responder types emerged, with some participants yielding a sustained negativity (Nref) and others a sustained positivity...
February 11, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444165/frequency-trends-and-antecedents-of-severe-maternal-depression-after-three-million-u-s-births
#11
Urbano L França, Michael L McManus
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression carries adverse consequences for mothers and children, so widespread screening during primary care visits is recommended. However, the rates, timing, and factors associated with significant depressive episodes are incompletely understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We examined the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) State Inpatient, Emergency Department, and Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases from California (2005-2011) and Florida (2005-2012)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440774/water-memory-effects-and-their-impacts-on-global-vegetation-productivity-and-resilience
#12
Laibao Liu, Yatong Zhang, Shuyao Wu, Shuangcheng Li, Dahe Qin
Memory effects refer to the impacts of antecedent climate conditions on current vegetation productivity. This temporal linkage has been found to be strong in arid and semi-arid regions. However, the dominant climatic factors that determine such patterns are still unclear. Here, we defined'water-memory effects' as the persistent effects of antecedent precipitation on the vegetation productivity for a given memory length (from 1 to up to 12 months). Based on satellite observations and climate data, we quantified the length of water-memory effects and evaluated the contributions of antecedent precipitation on current vegetation...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440113/effect-of-a1c-and-glucose-on-postoperative-mortality-in-noncardiac-and-cardiac-surgeries
#13
Willem van den Boom, Rebecca A Schroeder, Michael W Manning, Tracy L Setji, Gic-Owens Fiestan, David B Dunson
OBJECTIVE: Hemoglobin A 1c (A1C) is used in assessment of patients for elective surgeries because hyperglycemia increases risk of adverse events. However, the interplay of A1C, glucose, and surgical outcomes remains unclarified, with often only two of these three factors considered simultaneously. We assessed the association of preoperative A1C with perioperative glucose control and their relationship with 30-day mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis on 431,480 surgeries within the Duke University Health System determined the association of preoperative A1C with perioperative glucose (averaged over the first 3 postoperative days) and 30-day mortality among 6,684 noncardiac and 6,393 cardiac surgeries with A1C and glucose measurements...
February 13, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439592/parental-self-efficacy-a-concept-analysis-related-to-teen-parenting-and-implications-for-school-nurses
#14
Debra C Sims, Anita J Skarbek
Levels of parental self-efficacy are correlated with both positive and negative care delivery and developmental outcomes for parents and their infants. School nurses are in a unique position to facilitate parenting self-efficacy in teen parents. Using the concept analysis framework of Walker and Avant, parental self-efficacy is analyzed and elucidated to distinguish the concept's defining attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents. The operational definition of parental self-efficacy arising from this concept review is an individual's belief that he or she is capable of integrating and executing the knowledge and skills necessary to parent their infant...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433088/role-of-residence-time-on-the-transformation-of-zn-cu-pb-and-cd-attached-to-road-dust-in-different-land-uses
#15
Ayomi Jayarathne, Prasanna Egodawatta, Godwin A Ayoko, Ashantha Goonetilleke
The adsorption behaviour of metals deposited on road surfaces undergo changes during dry weather periods, with the bioavailability varying compared to the original species, prior to incorporation in stormwater runoff. This study investigated the role of antecedent dry days on the transformation characteristics of Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd attached to different geochemical forms of road dust, in order to predict potential stormwater quality impacts. The study outcomes showed that the exchangeable fraction generally decreased with the increase in antecedent dry days, but the reducible, oxidisable and residual fractions increased...
February 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431711/initial-conditions-of-urban-permeable-surfaces-in-rainfall-runoff-models-using-horton-s-infiltration
#16
Steffen Davidsen, Roland Löwe, Nanna H Ravn, Lina N Jensen, Karsten Arnbjerg-Nielsen
Infiltration is a key process controlling runoff, but varies depending on antecedent conditions. This study provides estimates on initial conditions for urban permeable surfaces via continuous simulation of the infiltration capacity using historical rain data. An analysis of historical rainfall records show that accumulated rainfall prior to large rain events does not depend on the return period of the event. Using an infiltration-runoff model we found that for a typical large rain storm, antecedent conditions in general lead to reduced infiltration capacity both for sandy and clayey soils and that there is substantial runoff for return periods above 1-10 years...
February 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431174/small-fiber-neuropathy-presenting-during-the-antecedent-period-of-undifferentiated-arthritis-prior-to-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Julius Birnbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429495/selecting-effective-intervention-strategies-for-escape-maintained-academic-performance-problems-consider-giving-em-a-break
#18
Maureen A O'Connor, Edward J Daly
This study compared consequence-and antecedent-based strategies to determine which treatments or combination of treatments produced the strongest improvements in math computation fluency with four elementary-aged students whose math computation was under the control of an escape contingency. Functional analyses were conducted to identify elementary-school students whose academic responding was under a negative-reinforcement contingency. A multielement design was then used to examine the impact of four treatments (DNRA, DRA, task choice, and task choice plus DRA) on each student's rate of correct digits per min...
February 2018: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428154/neonatal-infection-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-registry-based-cohort-study
#19
Anne-Sophie Smilga, Jarred Garfinkle, Pamela Ng, John Andersen, David Buckley, Darcy Fehlings, Adam Kirton, Ellen Wood, Esias van Rensburg, Michael Shevell, Maryam Oskoui
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to explore the association between neonatal infection and outcomes in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Canadian CP Registry. Neonatal infection was defined as meeting one of the following criteria: (1) septicemia, (2) septic shock, or (3) administration of antibiotics for ≥10 days. Phenotypic profiles of children with cerebral palsy with and without an antecedent neonatal infection were compared...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426787/direct-object-pronoun-sentence-processing-in-spanish-english-children-with-without-specific-language-impairment-and-adults-a-cross-modal-priming-study
#20
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
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