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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203641/the-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-associations-with-characteristics-of-their-parents-and-their-early-childhood
#1
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Locus of control (LOC) measures individuals' expectancies regarding their ability to affect what happens to them based on how they behave. The more they believe their behaviour has something to do with what happens to them the more internal they are. In contrast the more they perceive that what happens to them is beyond their control and determined by luck, fate, chance or powerful others the more external they are. Copious research findings suggest that external LOC (ELOC) is associated with many adverse personal, social, academic and health outcomes...
January 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202148/level-of-economic-development-of-the-country-of-origin-and-work-to-family-conflict-after-migration-to-canada
#2
Shirin Montazer, Marisa Young
Using a sample of employed adults living in Canada, this article examines patterns and antecedents of work-to-family conflict (WFC) among immigrants, relative to the native-born. We test whether the origin-country- or intermediary country of residence- country-level economic development, and length of residence in Canada interact to affect WFC differentially for immigrants. We hypothesize that origin-country economic development impacts the value and transferability of immigrants' capital in the host country...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197109/achievement-goal-orientations-and-adolescents-subjective-well-being-in-school-the-mediating-roles-of-academic-social-comparison-directions
#3
Lili Tian, Tingting Yu, E Scott Huebner
The purpose of this study was to examine the multiple mediational roles of academic social comparison directions (upward academic social comparison and downward academic social comparison) on the relationships between achievement goal orientations (i.e., mastery goals, performance-approach goals, and performance-avoidance goals) and subjective well-being (SWB) in school (school satisfaction, school affect) in adolescent students in China. A total of 883 Chinese adolescent students (430 males; Mean age = 12...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196577/ambiguity-within-nursing-practice-an-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#4
Michelle A McMahon, Nancy M Dluhy
PURPOSE: To analyze the concept of ambiguity in a nursing context. BACKGROUND: Ambiguity is inherent within nursing practice. As health care becomes increasingly complex, nurses must continue to successfully deal with greater amounts of clinical ambiguity. Although ambiguity is discussed in nursing, minimal concept refinement exists to capture the contextual intricacies from a nursing lens. Nurse perception of an ambiguous clinical event, in combination with nurse tolerance level for ambiguity, can impact nurse response...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196454/quality-of-life-and-ethics
#5
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
BACKGROUND: In health, ethics is an essential aspect of practice and care and guarantees a better quality of life for patients and their caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To outline a conceptual analysis of quality of life and ethics, identifying attributes, contexts and magnitudes for health. METHOD: A qualitative design about quality of life and ethics in health, considering the evolutionary approach in order to analyse the concept. To collect the data, a search was done using the keywords ethic*, quality of life and health...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196450/a-review-of-therapy-related-myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-t-mds-aml-in-irish-patients-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Su W Maung, Cathie Burke, Jennifer Hayde, Janice Walshe, Ray McDermott, Ronan Desmond, Johnny McHugh, Helen Enright
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the incidence, characteristics, treatment and outcomes of patients with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndromes and therapy-related acute myeloid leukaemia (t-MDS/AML) in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: Patients meeting the diagnostic criteria for t-MDS/AML from 2003 to 2014 were reviewed to analyse their diagnostic features, details of antecedent disorder and treatment, approach to management and survival. RESULTS: 39 patients who developed t-MDS/AML were identified with incidence of 8...
February 15, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192881/stem-cell-biomaterials-and-growth-factors-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
REVIEW
Soleiman Jaferian, Maryam Soleymaninejad, Babak Negahdari, Ali Eatemadi
Hepatocellular carcinoma is an antecedent of liver illnesses, including viral hepatitis, alcohol abuse, or metabolic disease. Transforming growth factor-Beta (TGF-b) plays an important role in creating a favorable microenvironment for tumor cell growth via two major mechanisms: an intrinsic activity as an autocrine growth factor and an extrinsic activity by inducing microenvironment changes. Recently stem cell therapy as also been a promising and potential treatment for liver cancer and in addition signaling pathways like GF/GFR systems, SDF-1α/CXC4 ligand receptor interaction and PI3K/Akt signaling, and cytokines has been identified to regulate cell fate decisions, and can be utilized to positively influence cell therapy outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190951/allostatic-load-as-a-complex-clinical-construct-a-case-based-computational-modeling-approach
#8
J Galen Buckwalter, Brian Castellani, Bruce McEwen, Arun S Karlamangla, Albert A Rizzo, Bruce John, Kyle O'Donnell, Teresa Seeman
Allostatic load (AL) is a complex clinical construct, providing a unique window into the cumulative impact of stress. However, due to its inherent complexity, AL presents two major measurement challenges to conventional statistical modeling (the field's dominant methodology): it is comprised of a complex causal network of bioallostatic systems, represented by an even larger set of dynamic biomarkers; and, it is situated within a web of antecedent socioecological systems, linking AL to differences in health outcomes and disparities...
September 2016: Complexity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186056/a-conceptual-model-for-increasing-use-of-electronic-medical-records-by-primary-care-physicians-through-end-user-support
#9
Gurprit K Randhawa
A conceptual model for exploring the relationship between end-user support (EUS) and electronic medical record (EMR) use by primary care physicians is presented. The model was developed following a review of conceptual and theoretical frameworks related to technology adoption/use and EUS. The model includes (a) one core construct (facilitating conditions), (b) four antecedents and one postcedent of facilitating conditions, and (c) four moderators. EMR use behaviour is the key outcome of the model. The proposed conceptual model should be tested...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183457/antecedent-longitudinal-changes-in-body-mass-index-are-associated-with-diurnal-cortisol-curve-features-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#10
Joshua J Joseph, Xu Wang, Ana V Diez Roux, Brisa N Sanchez, Teresa E Seeman, Belinda L Needham, Sherita Hill Golden
CONTEXT: Prior studies have shown a cross-sectional association between body mass index (BMI) and salivary diurnal cortisol profile features (cortisol features); however, to our knowledge prior population-based studies have not examined the longitudinal association of body-mass index (BMI) with cortisol features. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of (1) prior annual BMI percent change over 7years with cortisol features, (2) baseline cortisol features with subsequent change in BMI over 6years and (3) the association of change in cortisol features with change in BMI over 6years...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182144/-what-are-my-chances-of-developing-copd-if-one-of-my-parents-has-the-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-co-occurrence-of-copd-diagnosis-in-parents-and-offspring
#11
REVIEW
Lok Sze Katrina Li, Catherine Paquet, Kylie Johnston, Marie T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Intergenerational associations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been well recognized and may result from genetic, gene environment, or exposure to life course factors. Consequently, adult offspring of parents with COPD may be at a greater risk of developing COPD. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of co-occurrence of COPD in adult offspring with one or both parents having COPD independent of specific genetic variations. METHODS: In total, five databases were searched for original studies in which prevalence of COPD was reported in both offspring (children) and one or both parents...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181716/legacy-effects-and-memory-loss-how-contingencies-moderate-the-response-of-rocky-intertidal-biofilms-to-present-and-past-extreme-events
#12
Martina Dal Bello, Luca Rindi, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi
Understanding how historical processes modulate the response of ecosystems to perturbations is becoming increasingly important. In contrast to the growing interest in projecting biodiversity and ecosystem functioning under future climate scenarios, how legacy effects originating from historical conditions drive change in ecosystems remains largely unexplored. Using experiments in combination with Stochastic Antecedent Modelling, we evaluated how extreme warming, sediment deposition and grazing events modulated the ecological memory of rocky intertidal epilithic microphytobenthos (EMPB)...
February 9, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177541/allostatic-load-a-useful-concept-for-advancing-nursing-research
#13
Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Yang Li, Julia Seng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the historical development of the allostatic load concept, alongside its use in nursing research, and to explore how allostatic load has been investigated among two stress-vulnerable populations. BACKGROUND: "Stress" is a prominent term in understanding the development of disease. Allostatic load is among several approaches undertaken to quantify the magnitude of stress and understand how stress can affect health. METHOD: We explored the advent of allostatic load including its antecedents, and consequences...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174546/once-an-impression-manager-always-an-impression-manager-antecedents-of-honest-and-deceptive-impression-management-use-and-variability-across-multiple-job-interviews
#14
Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S Bourdage
Research has examined the antecedents of applicants' use of impression management (IM) tactics in employment interviews. All existing empirical studies have measured IM in one particular interview. Yet, applicants generally interview multiple times for different positions, and thus have multiple opportunities to engage in IM, before they can secure a job. Similarly, recent theoretical advances in personnel selection and IM research have suggested that applicant behaviors should be considered as dynamic and adaptive in nature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170055/patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder-initial-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-registry-in-the-spanish-network-on-addiction-disorders-cohrta-study
#15
Arantza Sanvisens, Paola Zuluaga, Inmaculada Rivas, Gabriel Rubio, Antoni Gual, Marta Torrens, Antoni Short, Francisco Javier Álvarez, Jordi Tor, Magí Farré, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Roberto Muga
: The Alcohol Program of the Spanish Network on Addictive Disorders-RTA requires a longitudinal study to address different research questions related to alcoholism. The cohort study (CohRTA) focuses on patients seeking treatment for alcohol use disorder, as a multicentre, collaborative research project aimed to improve secondary prevention and early diagnosis of pathological processes associated with the disorder. METHODS: multicentre cohort study in adults (>18 years) seeking their first treatment of the disorder...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169555/aspiration-thrombectomy-and-intracoronary-tirofiban-via-guideliner-%C3%A2-catheter-for-a-thrombosed-aneurysmal-vessel
#16
James Fry, Ali Naqvi, Amit Bahia, Arnold Seto
A 52-year-old Asian male with no traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease presented with acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography showed complete thrombotic occlusion of the left circumflex with a large thrombus burden in the setting of diffuse aneurysmal enlargement of the coronary arteries consistent with antecedent Kawasaki disease. Manual thrombectomy with adjunctive intracoronary tirofiban was performed utilizing the GuideLiner catheter. Stent implantation was deferred. Follow-up imaging 48 h later showed preserved coronary flow and decreased thrombus burden...
February 7, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169411/-factors-related-with-post-surgical-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme
#17
M Martin-Risco, V Rodrigo-Paradells, S Olivera-Gonzalez, C M Del Rio-Perez, L Bances-Florez, J B Calatayud-Perez, F J Villagrasa-Compaired
INTRODUCTION: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most frequent malignant tumour of the central nervous system, and its incidence reaches 80% in those over 50 years of age. Life expectancy has increased in the population in recent times and an analysis of the post-surgical complications affecting elderly patients is of great importance for a correct surgical indication. AIMS: To analyse the factors related with post-surgical complications in elderly patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 88 patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme between 31 and 78 years of age was analysed retrospectively...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168243/salivary-gland-duct-cyst-arising-in-a-minor-salivary-gland-on-the-floor-of-the-mouth-a-case-report
#18
John K Brooks, Gary J Funari, John R Basile
The salivary gland duct cyst (SGDC) is not commonly encountered on the floor of the mouth and few well-documented case reports are available. To increase the knowledge of this lesion, this report features a diminutive SGDC in a 54-yearold man. Commentary is offered as to the relevance of the affected patient's antecedent history of cholelithiasis.
February 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164304/blood-group-antigen-matching-influence-on-gestational-outcomes-amigo-study
#19
Meghan Delaney, Agneta Wikman, Leo van de Watering, Henk Schonewille, Jennie P Verdoes, Stephen P Emery, Michael F Murphy, Julie Staves, Susanne Flach, Donald M Arnold, Richard M Kaufman, Alyssa Ziman, Sarah K Harm, Mark Fung, Catherine S Eppes, Nancy M Dunbar, Andreas Buser, Erin Meyer, Helen Savoia, Padmakumari Abeysinghe, Nancy Heddle, Alan Tinmouth, Aicha N Traore, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) antigen matching policies to prevent alloimmunization in females of childbearing potential (FCP) vary between centers. To inform transfusion centers responsible for making decisions about matching policies for FCPs, the causal stimulus of the antibodies implicated in severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) must be determined. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a multinational retrospective study of women with offspring affected by severe HDFN requiring neonatal exchange transfusion and/or intrauterine transfusion...
February 5, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163843/outcome-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-upper-egypt
#20
Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Ashraf Abou-Taleb, Wafaa Ahmed Ali
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barré syndrome is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis in children, and defined as an acute inflammatory polyneuropathy. The objective of this study was to assess the clinico-laboratory profile, and outcome of Guillain-Barré syndrome in children at Sohag University Hospital. METHODS: This prospective cohort observational study was conducted in 2014-2015. The included children were subjected to through medical history and detailed systemic and neurological examination...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
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