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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550008/prioritizing-measures-of-digital-patient-engagement-a-delphi-expert-panel-study
#1
Lynn A Garvin, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: Establishing a validated scale of patient engagement through use of information technology (ie, digital patient engagement) is the first step to understanding its role in health and health care quality, outcomes, and efficient implementation by health care providers and systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and prioritize measures of digital patient engagement based on patients' use of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)'s MyHealtheVet (MHV) portal, focusing on the MHV/Blue Button and Secure Messaging functions...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549737/organizational-intellectual-capital-and-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-a-proposed-conceptual-model
#2
Jason H Gilbert, Diane Von Ah, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: Nurse managers must leverage both the human capital and social capital of the teams they lead in order to produce quality outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between human capital and social capital and how these concepts may work together to produce organizational outcomes through leadership of nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to explore the concepts of human capital and social capital as they relate to nursing leadership in health care organizations...
April 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549239/comparing-recall-vs-recognition-measures-of-accident-under-reporting-a-two-country-examination
#3
Tahira M Probst, Laura Petitta, Claudio Barbaranelli
A growing body of research suggests that national injury surveillance data significantly underestimate the true number of non-fatal occupational injuries due to employee under-reporting of workplace accidents. Given the importance of accurately measuring such under-reporting, the purpose of the current research was to examine the psychometric properties of two different techniques used to operationalize accident under-reporting, one using a free recall methodology and the other a recognition-based approach...
May 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544863/how-social-status-shapes-person-perception-and-evaluation-a-social-neuroscience-perspective
#4
Bradley D Mattan, Jennifer T Kubota, Jasmin Cloutier
Inferring the relative rank (i.e., status) of others is essential to navigating social hierarchies. A survey of the expanding social psychological and neuroscience literatures on status reveals a diversity of focuses (e.g., perceiver vs. agent), operationalizations (e.g., status as dominance vs. wealth), and methodologies (e.g., behavioral, neuroscientific). Accommodating this burgeoning literature on status in person perception, the present review offers a novel social neuroscientific framework that integrates existing work with theoretical clarity...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544813/nursing-diagnosis-risk-for-delayed-surgical-recovery-00246-concept-clarification-and-definition-of-empirical-referents
#5
Simone Martins Rembold, Rosimere Ferreira Santana, Priscilla Alfradique de Souza, Sócrates Miranda de Oliveira Xavier Schwartz
PURPOSE: To clarify the concept of risk for delayed surgical recovery (00246) and to define the empirical referents for identification of predictive factors of delay in recovery. METHOD: A concept analysis was developed based on the eight steps proposed by Walker and Avant. RESULTS: Defining attributes were determined and antecedents and consequents identified. Cases were proposed cases and empirical referents established. CONCLUSION: The results provided evidences and instrumentalize empirical referents, which may support an accurate nursing diagnosis...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544554/concept-analysis-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Bikram Sekhon
PURPOSE: Mental health nursing is not the same as psychiatry, so it is important for nurses to have an understanding of the defining attributes, antecedents, consequences, model cases, and empirical referents of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: Walker and Avant's (2005) method is used to guide this concept analysis of PTSD. FINDINGS: Four attributes arise from this concept analysis, which are addressed through both the DSM-IV and DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, /): triggering event or events, re-experiencing, fear, and helplessness...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543882/risk-factors-for-burnout-among-caregivers-working-in-nursing-homes
#7
Nadia Kandelman, Thierry Mazars, Antonin Levy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were a) to assess the level of burnout in nursing home caregivers within a unique healthcare network in France and b) to evaluate potential risk factors in this population. BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome occurs frequently among nursing home caregivers, and has strong detrimental effects on the quality of health care for residents. DESIGN: We used an observational survey to study burnout in nursing home caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542653/-folate-and-pregnancy-current-concepts-it-is-required-folic-acid-supplementation
#8
Erika Castaño, Raúl Piñuñuri, Sandra Hirsch, Ana María Ronco
Folate intake during pregnancy is essential for an adequate fetal and placental development and for the long time health of the individual. Its deficiency may induce fetal pathologies, including neural tube disease (NTD). Therefore, several countries implemented public policies to fortify foods with folic acid (FA). Chile started the fortification of wheat flour with FA in the year 2000, decreasing a 43% the prevalence of NTD. However, despite the high consumption of bread (the main fortified food with FA) by our population, a high number of pregnant women consume FA supplements, thus, over passing the maximal recommended FA intake...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541521/informative-patterns-of-health-care-utilization-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Gregory A Coté, Huiping Xu, Jeffery J Easler, Timothy D Imler, Evgenia Teal, Stuart Sherman, Murray Korc
Early detection tests for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are needed. Since a hypothetical screening test would be applied during antecedent clinical encounters, we sought to define the variability in health care utilization leading up to the PDAC diagnosis. This was a retrospective cohort study that included patients diagnosed with PDAC in the Indianapolis area between 1999-2013 with at least one health care encounter during the 36-month antecedent period (n = 1,023). Patients were classified by unique patterns of care utilization using a group-based trajectory model...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540337/eliciting-the-functional-processes-of-apologizing-for-errors-in-health-care-developing-an-explanatory-model-of-apology
#10
Marie M Prothero, Janice M Morse
The purpose of this article was to analyze the concept development of apology in the context of errors in health care, the administrative response, policy and format/process of the subsequent apology. Using pragmatic utility and a systematic review of the literature, 29 articles and one book provided attributes involved in apologizing. Analytic questions were developed to guide the data synthesis and types of apologies used in different circumstances identified. The antecedents of apologizing, and the attributes and outcomes were identified...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534805/a-novel-approach-to-implement-takagi-sugeno-fuzzy-models
#11
Chia-Wen Chang, Chin-Wang Tao
This paper proposes new algorithms based on the fuzzy c-regressing model algorithm for Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy modeling of the complex nonlinear systems. A fuzzy c-regression state model (FCRSM) algorithm is a T-S fuzzy model in which the functional antecedent and the state-space-model-type consequent are considered with the available input-output data. The antecedent and consequent forms of the proposed FCRSM consists mainly of two advantages: one is that the FCRSM has low computation load due to only one input variable is considered in the antecedent part; another is that the unknown system can be modeled to not only the polynomial form but also the state-space form...
May 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534540/-characterising-people-who-demanded-the-rapid-hiv-test-in-andalusia-between-2013-and-2014
#12
N Lorusso, F Lozano de León-Naranjo, C Zamora Fuentes
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe people who demanded the HIV screening test in Andalusia (Spain). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study carried out by social organisation collaborating with the Program for early diagnosis of HIV in Andalusia. Participants underwent an oral HIV test and answered a survey beforehand, from September 2013 to August 2014. The study included a descriptive analysis of data and a logistic regression in order to determine the risk factors associated with a reactive test result...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529111/the-results-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-after-sugioka-transtrochanteric-anterior-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis
#13
Takeshi Utsunomiya, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Satoshi Hamai, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Yasuharu Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Since Sugioka transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy (ARO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) changes the morphology of the proximal femur, total hip arthroplasty (THA) after previous ARO is considered a technically demanding procedure. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinicoradiologic outcomes of THA after ARO with those of THA without any antecedent surgery for ONFH. METHODS: Twenty-four hips in 20 patients who underwent cementless THA after ARO (postosteotomy group) were retrospectively reviewed and compared with patients who underwent cementless THA without any antecedent surgery for ONFH during the same period (primary group)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528512/working-memory-in-the-processing-of-long-distance-dependencies-interference-and-filler-maintenance
#14
Tal Ness, Aya Meltzer-Asscher
During the temporal delay between the filler and gap sites in long-distance dependencies, the "active filler" strategy can be implemented in two ways: the filler phrase can be actively maintained in working memory ("maintenance account"), or it can be retrieved only when the parser posits a gap ("retrieval account"). The current study tested whether filler content is maintained during the processing of dependencies. Using a self-paced reading paradigm, we compared reading times on a noun phrase (NP) between the filler and gap sites in object relative clauses, to reading times on an NP between the antecedent and ellipsis sites in ellipsis sentences...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528263/influences-of-land-use-and-antecedent-dry-weather-period-on-pollution-level-and-ecological-risk-of-heavy-metals-in-road-deposited-sediment
#15
Jin Zhang, Pei Hua, Peter Krebs
Road-deposited sediment and its adsorbed pollutants have been regarded as significant sources of urban diffuse pollution. In this study, the solid-phase concentrations (mg/g), surface load (mg/m(2)) and chemical fractionation of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) were determined. Geo-accumulation (Igeo) and ecological risk (RI) indexes were employed for metal risk assessment. Results show that the highest solid-phase concentrations of Zn and Cu were usually found at an industrial area. However, Cd had the highest solid-phase concentrations at a rural area, followed by a commercial area...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527807/dna-carryover-in-milk-samples-from-routine-milk-recording-used-for-pcr-based-diagnosis-of-bovine-staphylococcus-aureus-mastitis
#16
Yasser S Mahmmod, Ilka C Klaas, Carsten Enevoldsen
Real-time PCR techniques are increasingly used to detect udder pathogens from milk samples collected non-aseptically at routine milk recording. The objectives of this study were (1) to estimate the statistical associations between cycle threshold (Ct) values for Staphylococcus aureus in non-aseptically collected composite samples taken at routine milk recording from cows milked consecutively with the same milking unit and milk meter; and (2) to formulate practical and plausible guidelines for understanding the diagnostic implications of PCR testing for Staph...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523438/reversible-splenial-lesions-presenting-in-conjunction-with-febrile-illness-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#17
David Lin, Matthew Rheinboldt
Transient restricted diffusion and increased T2 signal intensity within the splenium of the corpus callosum is an increasingly recognized albeit uncommon imaging feature in the setting of acute encephalitis and antecedent viral illness. This review will discuss three index cases obtained from an institutional databank. Additionally, the current understanding of the underlying neurophysiologic pathogenesis will be discussed together with differential clinical and imaging diagnostic considerations, treatment options, and outcome metrics...
May 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520854/declines-in-hpv-associated-high-grade-cervical-lesions-after-introduction-of-hpv-vaccines-in-connecticut-us-2008-2015
#18
Linda M Niccolai, James I Meek, Monica Brackney, James L Hadler, Lynn E Sosa, Daniel M Weinberger
Background: Trends in HPV-associated cervical lesions can provide an indication of vaccine impact. Our purpose was to measure trends in cervical lesions during 2008-2015 and to consider possible explanations including vaccination coverage, changes in screening for cervical cancer, and risk behaviors for acquiring HPV. Methods: Connecticut (CT) implemented mandatory reporting of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2/3 and adenocarcinoma in situ (CIN2+) in 2008...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516832/the-neighborhood-context-of-hate-crime-a-comparison-of-violent-and-property-offenses-using-rare-events-modeling
#19
Kathryn Benier
Many studies into the antecedents of hate crime in the neighborhood combine offense categories, meaning that it is unclear whether or not there are distinct contextual factors associated with violent and property hate offenses. This study uses rare events modeling to examine the household and neighborhood factors associated with violent and property offenses. Using the Australian Community Capacity Study, the study focuses on the neighborhood characteristics influencing self-reported violent and property hate crime for 4,396 residents in Brisbane...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514705/a-topologically-diverse-family-of-fluoride-channels
#20
REVIEW
Christian B Macdonald, Randy B Stockbridge
Dual-topology proteins are likely evolutionary antecedents to a common motif in membrane protein structures, the inverted repeat. A family of fluoride channels, the Flucs, which protect microorganisms, fungi, and plants against cytoplasmic fluoride accumulation, has representatives of all topologies along this evolutionary trajectory, including dual-topology homodimers, antiparallel heterodimers, and, in eukaryotes, fused two-domain proteins with an inverted repeat motif. Recent high-resolution crystal structures of dual-topology homodimers, coupled with extensive functional information about both the homodimers and two-domain Flucs, provide a case study of the co-evolution of fold and function...
May 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
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