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Farzin Forooghian, David A Albiani, Andrew W Kirker, Andrew B Merkur
OBJECTIVE: Whereas the incidence of endophthalmitis after compounded intravitreal bevacizumab is known to be low, the rates of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of compounded ranibizumab and aflibercept are not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of endophthalmitis after treatment with compounded intravitreal ranibizumab and aflibercept and to compare this to the incidence with compounded intravitreal bevacizumab. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
Stephanie Vasquez, Adam Brewer, Yanerys Leon, Janet Vasquez
The current study describes a trial-based functional analysis of problem behavior conducted in a home setting for a 7-year-old girl with autism. Problem behavior was occasioned by interruptions to an ongoing activity. Advance notice, in the form of a 2-min warning, and the sound of a timer were used to signal termination of a current activity and were effective at reducing problem behavior along with increasing compliance to the interruptive demands. A trial-based functional analysis, which are not common in the applied literature, was conducted in a home setting for young girl with autism, using antecedent and consequence modifications described by Hagopian, Bruzek, Bowman, and Jennett (2007), identified the variables that occasioned and maintained problem behavior were interruptions to an ongoing activity followed by regaining uninterrupted access to the previous activity...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
C T Chai, F J Putuhena, O S Selaman
The influences of climate on the retention capability of green roof have been widely discussed in existing literature. However, knowledge on how the retention capability of green roof is affected by the tropical climate is limited. This paper highlights the retention performance of the green roof situated in Kuching under hot-humid tropical climatic conditions. Using the green roof water balance modelling approach, this study simulated the hourly runoff generated from a virtual green roof from November 2012 to October 2013 based on past meteorological data...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Renée L Parsons-Smith, Peter C Terry, M Anthony Machin
Mood profiling has been a popular assessment strategy since the 1970s, although little evidence exists of distinct mood profiles beyond the realm of sport and exercise. In the present study, we investigated clusters of mood profiles derived from the six subscales of the Brunel Mood Scale using the In The Mood website. Mood responses in three samples (n = 2,364, n = 2,303, n = 1,865) were analyzed using agglomerative, hierarchical cluster analysis, which distinguished six distinct and theoretically meaningful profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Thazhath Mavali Ramachandran, Aninchent Harayil Rajan Rajneesh, George Sarin Zacharia, Rajendran P Adarsh
Introduction: Cirrhosis of the liver and diabetes mellitus are two chronic illnesses with significant impact on the quality of life. Studies from different part of the world have shown the combination to be associated with higher incidence of complications of cirrhosis and reduced survival. However, data on the impact of pre-cirrhotic and post-cirrhotic diabetes on cirrhosis is minimal. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the complications of cirrhosis patients with and without co-existent DM and to compare the relation between cirrhosis patients with antecedent DM and hepatogenous DM...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Cristóbal Lozano
This study explores the development of anaphora resolution (AR) in late sequential bilinguals, namely, adult Greek learners of Spanish at three proficiency levels (intermediate, lower advanced, upper advanced). The use of an overt/null pronominal subject anaphor is investigated in three discourse contexts: topic-continuity (a single antecedent requiring a null pronoun), contrastive-focus (two same-gender potential antecedents requiring an overt pronoun to avoid ambiguity) and emphatic (three same-gender potential antecedents showing unclear preference for either overt or null pronoun)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Anna Z Fashandi, Robert B Hawkins, Morgan D Salmon, Michael D Spinosa, William G Montgomery, J Michael Cullen, Guanyi Lu, Gang Su, Gorav Ailawadi, Gilbert R Upchurch
INTRODUCTION: Given the unknown biologic antecedents before aortic aneurysm rupture, the purpose of this study was to establish a reproducible model of aortic aneurysm rupture. METHODS: We fed 7-week-old apolipoprotein E deficient mice a high-fat diet for 4 weeks and osmotic infusion pumps containing Angiotensin II were implanted. Angiotensin II was delivered continuously for 4 weeks at either 1,000 ng/kg/min (n = 25) or 2,000 ng/kg/min (n = 29). A third group (n = 14) were given Angiotensin II at 2,000 ng/kg/min and 0...
November 28, 2017: Surgery
Ajit Appari, M Eric Johnson, Denise L Anthony
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of information technology (IT), measured by Meaningful Use capability, is associated with lower rates of inappropriate utilization of imaging services in hospital outpatient settings. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 3332 nonfederal U.S. hospitals using data from: Hospital Compare (2011 outpatient imaging efficiency measures), HIMSS Analytics (2009 health IT), and Health Indicator Warehouse (market characteristics)...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Amanda E Ward, Sara McComb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this concept analysis are to elucidate the terminology associated with preceptorships, articulate an operational description of preceptorship that may be useful in formalizing the precepting process, and provide guidance for constructing a clinical environment where precepting can thrive. BACKGROUND: Precepting facilitates the transition of nurses into new roles. Precepting may improve patient outcomes and safety, as well as enhance nursing satisfaction...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Bastiaan T Rutjens, Robbie M Sutton, Romy van der Lee
Many topics that scientists investigate speak to people's ideological worldviews. We report three studies-including an analysis of large-scale survey data-in which we systematically investigate the ideological antecedents of general faith in science and willingness to support science, as well as of science skepticism of climate change, vaccination, and genetic modification (GM). The main predictors are religiosity and political orientation, morality, and science understanding. Overall, science understanding is associated with vaccine and GM food acceptance, but not climate change acceptance...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Sharon Chow
BACKGROUND: With the worldwide growing aging population, the high prevalence of osteoporosis-related fractures is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs for treating fractures and subsequent complications will increase to $25 billion by 2025. PURPOSE: This article articulates a comprehensive concept analysis of the nurse practitioner fracture liaison (NPFL) role to provide new insights into the role of nurse practitioner in osteoporosis care coordination...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
Theresa L Armstead, Natalie Wilkins, Amanda Doreson
Programs geared toward preventing violence before it occurs at the community and societal levels of the social ecology are particularly challenging to evaluate. These programs are often focused on impacting the antecedents (or risk and protective factors) to violence, making it difficult to determine program success when solely relying on measures of violence reduction. The goal of this literature review is to identify indicators to measure risk and protective factors for violence that are accessible and measured at the community level...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Manuel Leonetti
This paper argues against the assumption that Spanish-and more generally Romance-imperfective past (IMP) is an intrinsically anaphoric tense. It is a widely accepted view that IMP requires a temporal discourse antecedent to be licensed. My aim is to show that such requirement is not actually in force when IMP combines with a stative/atelic predicate. In fact, with stative/atelic predicates, IMP (a) is acceptable in isolated sentences with no suitable antecedent available, (b) is able to access implicit assumptions that are not available with telic predicates-but do not behave as real antecedents, and (c) does not trigger certain perspectivisation effects that depend on the existence of a temporal antecedent...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Buket Erturk, Wendy Machalicek, Christine Drew
We reviewed single-case research studies examining the effects of behavioral interventions for self-injurious behavior (SIB) in young children with autism and developmental disabilities. Systematic searches of electronic databases, journals, and reference lists identified 46 studies (66 participants younger than the age of 12) meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were examined based on (a) participant demographics, (b) topography and function of SIB, (c) type of functional behavior assessment (FBA), (d) intervention procedures and outcomes, and (e) experimental design and measurement...
November 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
Sarah E Blackwell
This study examines native Spanish speakers' use of anaphoric pronouns and null subjects in conversational discourse in the absence of coreferential antecedents. It also considers the adequacy of Gundel et al.'s proposal  (Language 69(2):274-307, 1993) that the cognitive status "in focus" corresponds with speakers' use of minimal referring expressions (i.e., unstressed pronouns and zeros). Analysis of naturally occurring Spanish conversation shows how the felicitous use and interpretation of non-canonical (antecedentless) anaphoric pronouns and null subjects are possible due to the activation of underlying cognitive frames that are shared by the interlocutors...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
David Shumway Jones, Gerald M Oppenheimer
Most historians, epidemiologists, and physicians credit the Framing-ham Heart Study for introducing the term "risk factor" to public health and medicine. Many add that the term came from life insurance companies. This familiar history is incorrect. Taking advantage of the expanding availability of digitized and full-text searchable journals, textbooks, newspapers, and other sources, we have uncovered a deeper and broader history. Antecedent concepts (such as risk, factor, predisposition) have ancient roots...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
William B Miller
An alternative biological synthesis is presented that conceptualizes evolutionary biology as an epiphenomenon of integrated self-referential information management. Since all biological information has inherent ambiguity, the systematic assessment of information is required by living organisms to maintain self-identity and homeostatic equipoise in confrontation with environmental challenges. Through their self-referential attachment to information space, cells are the cornerstone of biological action. That individualized assessment of information space permits self-referential, self-organizing niche construction...
November 22, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Cássia Gomes da Silveira Santos, Rafael Fernandes Romani, Ricardo Benvenutti, João Otávio Ribas Zahdi, Miguel Carlos Riella, Marcelo Mazza do Nascimento
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported as a recognized condition among the elderly population; however, its clinical epidemiology is still poorly evaluated. We propose to evaluate the epidemiological profile of AKI in hospitalized elderly patients and the variables associated with renal replacement therapy (RRT) dependency at discharge after an episode of AKI. METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled 286 elderly patients (aged ≥60 years), who had a diagnosis of AKI and were admitted to a tertiary care hospital...
November 23, 2017: Nephron
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