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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330330/a-combined-chloroplast-atpb-rbcl-and-trnl-f-phylogeny-unveils-the-ancestry-of-balsams-impatiens-spp-in-the-western-ghats-of-india
#1
P P Shajitha, N R Dhanesh, P J Ebin, Joseph Laly, Devassy Aneesha, John Reshma, Jomy Augustine, Mathew Linu
Only a few Impatiens spp. from South India (one of the five centers of diversity for Impatiens species) were included in the published datum of molecular phylogeny of the family Balsaminaceae. The present investigation is a novel attempt to reveal the phylogenetic association of Impatiens species of South India, by placing them in the global phylogeny of Impatiens based on a combined analysis of two chloroplast genes. Thirty species of genus Impatiens were collected from different locations of South India. Total genomic DNA was extracted from fresh plant leaf, and polymerase chain reaction was carried out using atpB-rbcL and trnL-F intergenic spacer-specific forward and reverse primers...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330270/expression-and-purification-of-a-gene-encoding-a-9-7%C3%A2-kda-pe-protein-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis
#2
S Chandra Sekar, P P Goswami, R Deb
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) contains PE family antigens which are Proline and glutamic acid rich and may play important role as T-cell antigens. In the present study, the Map 1507 ORF encoding 9.7 kDa PE protein was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and cloned into E. coli vector pQE30 UA. The recombinant plasmid designated as pQ PE was transformed into E. coli M15 cells and induced with IPTG revealed the high level expression of 11.9 kDa His-fusion protein as estimated by migration in 15 % sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330265/isolation-and-characterization-of-plant-synergistic-bacteria-capable-of-degrading-xenobiotics-from-oil-spillage-sites
#3
Indranil De, Sarika Gupta
Oil spillage sites primarily contain various types of hydrocarbons, such as linear chain, polycyclic, and aromatic compounds, posing several detrimental effects on plants. Results from our previous study showed an alteration of various metabolomic parameters, indirectly resulting in an observable decline of growth in the mung seedlings upon incubation with phenol, toluene, xylene, and hexane. This study evaluates the role of these compounds upon plant growth and focusses to mitigate the effect of the same, using some isolated plant synergistic bacteria...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330253/parameters-influencing-agrobacterium-mediated-transformation-system-in-safflower-genotypes-aks-207-and-pkv-pink
#4
Dipti Raghunath Dhumale, Prashant Raghunath Shingote, Mahendra Shankarrao Dudhare, Pravin Vishwanath Jadhav, Prashant Bhaskar Kale
Shoot regeneration in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius 'AKS 207' and 'PKV Pink') genetically transformed using Agrobacterium was used for assessing various constraints to the efficiency of transformation including infection period, virulence induction medium, co-cultivation period, bacterial titre, selection regime, and the natural phenolic compound acetosyringone. Transformation frequency was promising with 8-10-day-old cotyledonary leaf explants. Therefore, explants of that age cultured on Agrobacterium minimal medium (AB) containing 100 µM acetosyringone were infected with Agrobacterium (cell titre 0...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330247/production-of-glucosinolates-phenolic-compounds-and-associated-gene-expression-profiles-of-hairy-root-cultures-in-turnip-brassica-rapa-ssp-rapa
#5
Ill-Min Chung, Kaliyaperumal Rekha, Govindasamy Rajakumar, Muthu Thiruvengadam
Turnip (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa) is an important vegetable crop producing glucosinolates (GSLs) and phenolic compounds. The GSLs, phenolic compound contents and transcript levels in hairy root cultures, as well as their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activity were studied in turnip. Transgenic hairy root lines were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription-PCR. GSLs levels (glucoallysin, glucobrassicanapin, gluconasturtiin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, neoglucobrassicin and 4-hydroxyglucobrassicin) and their gene expression levels (BrMYB28, BrMYB29, BrMYB34, BrMYB51, BrMYB122, CYP79 and CYP83) significantly increased in hairy roots compared with that in non-transformed roots...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330218/bacterial-carrageenases-an-overview-of-production-and-biotechnological-applications
#6
REVIEW
Prakram Singh Chauhan, Arunika Saxena
Carrageenan, one of the phycocolloids is a sulfated galactan made up of linear chains of galactose and 3,6-anhydrogalactose with alternating α-(1 → 3) and β-(1 → 4) linkages and further classified based on the number and the position of sulfated ester(s); κ-, ι- and λ-carrageenan. Enzymes which degrade carrageenans are called k-, ι-, and λ-carrageenases. They all are endohydrolases that cleave the internal β-(1-4) linkages of carrageenans yielding products of the oligo-carrageenans. These enzymes are produced only by bacteria specifically gram negative bacteria...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330214/production-kinetics-of-polyhydroxyalkanoates-by-using-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-gamma-ray-mutant-strain-ebn-8-cultured-on-soybean-oil
#7
Sharjeel Abid, Zulfiqar Ali Raza, Tanveer Hussain
The purpose of present study was to optimize polyhydroxyalkanotes (PHAs) production in a gamma ray mutant strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa grown on soybean oil in minimal salts media under shake flask conditions. The production kinetics was studied by sampling on daily basis for 6 days to investigate the best conditions for PHAs production like biomass estimation, carbon source utilization and PHAs yield. The PHA accumulation was observed up to 50.27 % (w/w) of cell dry mass. The Pseudomonas species synthesized medium chain length PHA copolyester as per identified by LCMS and confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330158/a-simple-and-efficient-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-mediated-plant-transformation-of-brassica-rapa-ssp-pekinensis
#8
Venkidasamy Baskar, Baniekal H Gangadhar, Se Won Park, Shivraj Hariram Nile
The present study aims to investigate the numerous factors influencing Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis). Factors affecting transformation efficiency, such as age of explants, Agrobacterium concentration, and effect of acetosyringone, pre-cultivation, infection and co-cultivation time of Agrobacterium were examined. The pre-cultured hypocotyls from young seedlings prior to exposure to Agrobacterium showed higher shoot regeneration. The plant transformation with the modest A...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330156/effect-of-salicylic-acid-on-expression-level-of-genes-related-with-isoprenoid-pathway-in-centella-centella-asiatica-l-urban-cells
#9
Nguyen Hoang Loc, Nguyen Thanh Giang, Nguyen Duc Huy
In this study, we report the expression level of CaSQS, CabAS and CaCYS, the genes involved in phytosterol and triterpene metabolic pathway of centella (Centella asiatica (L.) Urban), in cells elicited with salicylic acid (50-200 µM). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blot analysis indicated CaSQS, CabAS, and CaCYS genes expressed in both the wild-type and cultured cells (with and without elicitation). In elicited cells, expressions of CaSQS, CabAS, and CaCYS genes showed strong dependence on salicylic acid concentration and elicitation day...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330149/myb-transcription-factor-isolated-from-raphanus-sativus-enhances-anthocyanin-accumulation-in-chrysanthemum-cultivars
#10
Eun Sun Kee, Aung Htay Naing, Sun Hyung Lim, Jeung Sul Han, Chang Kil Kim
A MYB transcription factor gene, RsMYB1, from radish was introduced into the chrysanthemum cultivars 'Peach ND', 'Peach Red', and 'Vivid Scarlet' under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. Presence of RsMYB1 in transgenic lines was confirmed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results of reverse-transcription-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of RsMYB1 was stable in all transgenic lines and could enhance the expression levels of three key biosynthetic genes (F3H, DFR, and ANS) involved in anthocyanin production...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330131/an-efficient-protocol-for-isolation-of-inhibitor-free-nucleic-acids-even-from-recalcitrant-plants
#11
Mohammad Hossein Rezadoost, Mojtaba Kordrostami, Hassan Hassani Kumleh
For fast and easy isolation of inhibitor-free genomic DNA even from the toughest plant leaf samples, including those high in polyphenols and polysaccharides, a protocol has been developed. To prevent the solubility of polysaccharides in the DNA extract, high salt concentration (1.4 M) was used in the extraction buffer. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was used for the removal of polyphenols as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) inhibitors. Proteins like various enzymes were degraded by proteinase K and removed by centrifugation from plant extracts during the isolation process resulting in pure DNA and RNA ready to use in downstream applications including PCR, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), ligation, restriction and sequencing...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330120/assessment-of-genetic-purity-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-hybrids-using-microsatellite-markers
#12
Anjana Bora, Partha Ray Choudhury, Veena Pande, Asit B Mandal
The objective of the present study is to detect genetic impurity in the seed lots of CMS lines, restorers and hybrids and to identify signature markers to differentiate parents and hybrids through DNA-based assays. Furthermore, attempts have been made to find out an alternative to Grow-Out-Test, which is very tedious, time consuming and used conventionally for seed genetic purity testing since beginning of quality seed multiplication chain. Fifty-one rice-specific sequence tagged microsatellite (STMS) primer pairs distributed throughout the rice genome were employed for fingerprinting of eight rice hybrids and their parental lines with a view to assess variation within parental lines and to test the genetic purity of the commercial seed lots...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330114/evaluation-of-orange-peel-for-biosurfactant-production-by-bacillus-licheniformis-and-their-ability-to-degrade-naphthalene-and-crude-oil
#13
Arthala Praveen Kumar, Avilala Janardhan, Buddolla Viswanath, Kallubai Monika, Jin-Young Jung, Golla Narasimha
A Gram-positive bacterium was isolated from mangrove soil and was identified as Bacillus licheniformis (KC710973). The potential of a mangrove microorganism to utilize different natural waste carbon substrates for biosurfactant production and biodegradation of hydrocarbons was evaluated. Among several substrates used in the present study, orange peel was found to be best substrate of biosurfactant yield with 1.796 g/L and emulsification activity of 75.17 % against diesel. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis of biosurfactant compound revealed that the isolated biosurfactant is in lipopeptide nature...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330093/exploration-of-nifh-gene-through-soil-metagenomes-of-the-western-indian-himalayas
#14
Ravindra Soni, Deep Chandra Suyal, Santosh Sai, Reeta Goel
This group has previously highlighted the prevalence of Csp genes from cold Himalayan environments. However, this study has explored the uncultured diazotrophs from metagenomes of western Indian Himalayas. The metagenomic nifH gene clone library was constructed from the Temperate, Subtropical and Tarai soils of Western Himalaya, India followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. After preliminary screening, selected clones were sequenced. In silico analysis of the clones was done, which documented 83...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330074/catalytic-properties-functional-attributes-and-industrial-applications-of-%C3%AE-glucosidases
#15
Gopal Singh, A K Verma, Vinod Kumar
β-Glucosidases are diverse group of enzymes with great functional importance to biological systems. These are grouped in multiple glycoside hydrolase families based on their catalytic and sequence characteristics. Most studies carried out on β-glucosidases are focused on their industrial applications rather than their endogenous function in the target organisms. β-Glucosidases performed many functions in bacteria as they are components of large complexes called cellulosomes and are responsible for the hydrolysis of short chain oligosaccharides and cellobiose...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329912/structural-and-mechanistic-insights-into-homocysteine-degradation-by-a-mutant-of-methionine-%C3%AE-lyase-based-on-substrate-assisted-catalysis
#16
Dan Sato, Tomoo Shiba, Shunsuke Yunoto, Kazuo Furutani, Mitsuki Fukumoto, Daizou Kudou, Takashi Tamura, Kenji Inagaki, Shigeharu Harada
Methionine γ-lyse (MGL) catalyzes the α, γ-elimination of l-methionine and its derivatives as well as the α, β-elimination of l-cysteine and its derivatives to produce α-keto acids, volatile thiols, and ammonia. The reaction mechanism of MGL has been characterized by enzymological studies using several site-directed mutants. The Pseudomonas putida MGL C116H mutant showed drastically reduced degradation activity toward methionine while retaining activity toward homocysteine. To understand the underlying mechanism and to discern the subtle differences between these substrates, we analyzed the crystal structures of the reaction intermediates...
March 22, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329820/hepatocellular-toxicity-of-imidazole-and-triazole-antimycotic-agents
#17
Patrizia Haegler, Lorenz Joerin, Stephan Krähenbühl, Jamal Bouitbir
Hepatotoxicity has been described for all antimycotic azoles currently marketed. A possible mechanism involving mitochondrial dysfunction has been postulated for ketoconazole, but not for the other azoles. The aim of the current investigations was to study the toxicity of different azoles in human cell models and to find out mechanisms of their toxicity. In HepG2 cells, posaconazole and ketoconazole were cytotoxic starting at 20 and 50 µM and decreased the cellular ATP content starting at 5 and 10 µM, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329770/antigen-presentation-profiling-reveals-recognition-of-lymphoma-immunoglobulin-neoantigens
#18
Michael S Khodadoust, Niclas Olsson, Lisa E Wagar, Ole A W Haabeth, Binbin Chen, Kavya Swaminathan, Keith Rawson, Chih Long Liu, David Steiner, Peder Lund, Samhita Rao, Lichao Zhang, Caleb Marceau, Henning Stehr, Aaron M Newman, Debra K Czerwinski, Victoria E H Carlton, Martin Moorhead, Malek Faham, Holbrook E Kohrt, Jan Carette, Michael R Green, Mark M Davis, Ronald Levy, Joshua E Elias, Ash A Alizadeh
Cancer somatic mutations can generate neoantigens that distinguish malignant from normal cells. However, the personalized identification and validation of neoantigens remains a major challenge. Here we discover neoantigens in human mantle-cell lymphomas by using an integrated genomic and proteomic strategy that interrogates tumour antigen peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II molecules. We applied this approach to systematically characterize MHC ligands from 17 patients...
March 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329766/complex-pectin-metabolism-by-gut-bacteria-reveals-novel-catalytic-functions
#19
Didier Ndeh, Artur Rogowski, Alan Cartmell, Ana S Luis, Arnaud Baslé, Joseph Gray, Immacolata Venditto, Jonathon Briggs, Xiaoyang Zhang, Aurore Labourel, Nicolas Terrapon, Fanny Buffetto, Sergey Nepogodiev, Yao Xiao, Robert A Field, Yanping Zhu, Malcolm A O'Neill, Breeanna R Urbanowicz, William S York, Gideon J Davies, D Wade Abbott, Marie-Christine Ralet, Eric C Martens, Bernard Henrissat, Harry J Gilbert
The metabolism of carbohydrate polymers drives microbial diversity in the human gut microbiota. It is unclear, however, whether bacterial consortia or single organisms are required to depolymerize highly complex glycans. Here we show that the gut bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron uses the most structurally complex glycan known: the plant pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-II, cleaving all but 1 of its 21 distinct glycosidic linkages. The deconstruction of rhamnogalacturonan-II side chains and backbone are coordinated to overcome steric constraints, and the degradation involves previously undiscovered enzyme families and catalytic activities...
March 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329765/structural-insights-into-adiponectin-receptors-suggest-ceramidase-activity
#20
Ieva Vasiliauskaité-Brooks, Remy Sounier, Pascal Rochaix, Gaëtan Bellot, Mathieu Fortier, François Hoh, Luigi De Colibus, Chérine Bechara, Essa M Saied, Christoph Arenz, Cédric Leyrat, Sébastien Granier
Adiponectin receptors (ADIPORs) are integral membrane proteins that control glucose and lipid metabolism by mediating, at least in part, a cellular ceramidase activity that catalyses the hydrolysis of ceramide to produce sphingosine and a free fatty acid (FFA). The crystal structures of the two receptor subtypes, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2, show a similar overall seven-transmembrane-domain architecture with large unoccupied cavities and a zinc binding site within the seven transmembrane domain. However, the molecular mechanisms by which ADIPORs function are not known...
March 22, 2017: Nature
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