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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524893/compassion-fatigue-exploring-early-career-oncology-nurses-experiences%C3%A2
#1
Brooke A Finley, Kate G Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Oncology nurses have a higher risk and rate of compassion fatigue (CF) compared to professionals in other specialties. CF exhibits tangible negative outcomes, affecting nurses' health and professional practice.
. OBJECTIVES: Early-career oncology nurses' unique CF experiences lack thorough scientific exploration. This secondary analysis seeks to qualitatively augment this paucity and illuminate targeted interventions.
. METHODS: Open-ended interviews were conducted with five early-career inpatient oncology nurses...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523943/prospective-effects-of-social-support-on-internalized-homonegativity-and-sexual-identity-concealment-among-middle-aged-and-older-gay-men-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Anthony Lyons, Christopher A Pepping
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Middle-aged and older gay men experience higher rates of depression and anxiety compared to their heterosexual counterparts, with internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment known to be major stress-related contributors. This study examined the prospective effect of different types and sources of social support on internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment experienced among middle-aged and older gay men. METHODS: A longitudinal survey involving two waves of data collection separated by 12 months was conducted among a cohort of 186 gay-identified men aged 40 years and older...
May 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516470/survived-so-what-identifying-priorities-for-research-with-children-and-families-post-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#3
Joseph C Manning, Pippa Hemingway, Sarah A Redsell
The involvement of patients and the public in the development, implementation and evaluation of health care services and research is recognized to have tangible benefits in relation to effectiveness and credibility. However, despite >96% of children and young people surviving critical illness or injury, there is a paucity of published reports demonstrating their contribution to informing the priorities for aftercare services and outcomes research. We aimed to identify the service and research priorities for Paediatric Intensive Care Unit survivors with children and young people, their families and other stakeholders...
May 17, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514866/social-support-and-amphetamine-type-stimulant-use-among-female-sex-workers-in-china
#4
Qun Zhao, Yuchen Mao, Xiaoming Li, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen
BACKGROUND: Existing research has suggested a positive role of social support in reducing drug use among female sex workers (FSWs). However, there is limited research on the role of social support in amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use among FSWs in China. This study explored the present situation of ATS use among FSWs in Guangxi, China and examined the associations of different types of social support from different sources with ATS use. METHOD: A sample of 1022 FSWs was recruited from 56 commercial sex venues in Guangxi Autonomous Region in China...
May 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514199/drawing-asthma-an-exploration-of-patients-perceptions-and-experiences
#5
Melissa Mei Yin Cheung, Bandana Saini, Lorraine Smith
OBJECTIVE: As an art form, drawings can facilitate the tangible expression of patients' inner images and feelings in a range of health conditions. However, there are currently no published studies investigating adults' perspectives of asthma using drawings. This study aimed to explore how adults' drawings illustrate their perceptions and experiences of asthma. METHODS: Adults with asthma participated in a one-on-one drawing activity. Analysis was grounded in the participants' accounts of their drawing, which were examined alongside the relevant image...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512564/infections-and-follicular-lymphoma-is-there-a-link
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Zallio, Giulia Limberti, Marco Ladetto
Several infectious agents appear to provide a proliferative signal -- "antigen-drive" - that could be implicated in the pathogenesis of various type of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL). A classical model of the infection-driven lymphoproliferative disorder is Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric MALT lymphoma, where antibiotic therapy allows the eradication of both the infectious agent and the clonal B-cell expansion. Following the footsteps of this example, several retrospective studies have found a correlation with other pathogens and B-cell Lymphomas, adding new relevant information about pathogenesis and laying the groundwork for chemotherapy-free treatments...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#7
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498351/low-family-support-and-risk-of-obesity-among-black-youth-role-of-gender-and-ethnicity
#8
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Most studies on the role of family environment in developing risk of obesity among youth have focused on parenting behaviors that are directly involved in energy balance in regional, non-representative White samples. Using a national sample of ethnically diverse Black youth, the current study tested the association between low family support and risk of obesity. We also tested the heterogeneity of this association based on gender, ethnicity, and their intersection. We used data from the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent Supplement (NSAL-A), a national survey of Black adolescents in the United States...
May 12, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494806/what-makes-weekend-allied-health-services-effective-and-cost-effective-or-not-in-acute-medical-and-surgical-wards-perceptions-of-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-workers
#9
Lisa O'Brien, Deb Mitchell, Elizabeth H Skinner, Romi Haas, Marcelle Ghaly, Fiona McDermott, Kerry May, Terry Haines
BACKGROUND: There is strong public support for acute hospital services to move to genuine 7-day models, including access to multidisciplinary team assessment. This study aimed to identify factors that might enable an effective and cost-effective weekend allied health services on acute hospital wards. METHODS: This qualitative study included 22 focus groups within acute wards with a weekend allied health service and 11 telephone interviews with weekend service providers...
May 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493805/creating-three-dimensional-printed-models-of-acetabular-fractures-for-use-as-educational-tools
#10
Matthew S Manganaro, Yoav Morag, William J Weadock, Corrie M Yablon, Kara Gaetke-Udager, Erica B Stein
Acetabular fractures are frequently encountered in some clinical practices, and the precise classification of these fractures greatly influences treatments and outcomes. The authors identified the need for an educational aid when teaching acetabular fracture classifications, given the complex spatial anatomy and the nonintuitive classification system that is commonly used. Three-dimensional ( 3D three-dimensional ) printing is an evolving technique that has applications as an educational aid, providing the student with a tangible object to interact with and learn from...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482503/degradation-mechanisms-and-future-challenges-of-titanium-and-its-alloys-for-dental-implant-applications-in-oral-environment
#11
REVIEW
A Revathi, Alba Dalmau Borrás, Anna Igual Muñoz, Caroline Richard, Geetha Manivasagam
OBJECTIVE: For many decades the failure of titanium implants due to corrosion and wear were approached individually and their synergic effect was not considered. In recent past, developments and understanding of the tribocorrosion aspects have thrown deeper understanding on the failure of implants and this has been reviewed in this article extensively. METHODS: Medline, google scholar and Embase search was conducted to identify studies published between 1993 and 2016 which were related to the analysis of degradation mechanism which the dental implants undergo after implantation...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481609/pathways-into-homelessness-among-post-9-11-era-veterans
#12
Stephen Metraux, Meagan Cusack, Thomas H Byrne, Nora Hunt-Johnson, Gala True
Despite the scale of veteran homelessness and government-community initiatives to end homelessness among veterans, few studies have featured individual veteran accounts of experiencing homelessness. Here we track veterans' trajectories from military service to homelessness through qualitative, semistructured interviews with 17 post-9/11-era veterans. Our objective was to examine how veterans become homeless-including the role of military and postmilitary experiences-and how they negotiate and attempt to resolve episodes of homelessness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#13
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469897/using-real-time-anonymous-staff-feedback-to-improve-staff-experience-and-engagement
#14
Anne Frampton, Fiona Fox, Andrew Hollowood, Kate Northstone, Ruta Margelyte, Stephanie Smith-Clarke, Sabi Redwood
Improving staff engagement has become a priority for NHS leaders, although efforts in this area vary between organisations. University Hospital Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UH Bristol) is a tertiary teaching hospital where concerns about staff satisfaction and communication were reflected in the 2014 staff survey. To improve staff engagement, a real-time feedback mechanism to capture staff experience and to facilitate feedback from local leaders, was developed and piloted using the Model for Improvement. Initially piloted in two areas in January 2015, the Staff Participation Engagement and Communication application (SPEaC-app) was gradually rolled out to 23 areas within the trust by November 2016...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461863/validation-of-medical-tourism-service-quality-questionnaire-mtsqq-for-iranian-hospitals
#15
Mohammad Qolipour, Amin Torabipour, Farzad Faraji Khiavi, Amal Saki Malehi
INTRODUCTION: Assessing service quality is one of the basic requirements to develop the medical tourism industry. There is no valid and reliable tool to measure service quality of medical tourism. This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of a Persian version of medical tourism service quality questionnaire for Iranian hospitals. METHODS: To validate the medical tourism service quality questionnaire (MTSQQ), a cross-sectional study was conducted on 250 Iraqi patients referred to hospitals in Ahvaz (Iran) from 2015...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453864/impact-on-spina-bifida-screening-of-shifting-prenatal-down-syndrome-maternal-serum-screening-from-the-second-trimester-to-the-first
#16
Emmanuel Spaggiari, Sophie Dreux, Julien J Stirnemann, Isabelle Czerkiewicz, Véronique Houfflin-Debarge, Alexandra Segonne, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Yves Ville, Francoise Muller
OBJECTIVES: Shifting screening for trisomy 21 to the first trimester has resulted in the loss of MSAFP screening for spina bifida. The aim of this study was to study the impact on open spina bifida prenatal screening. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed prenatally diagnosed cases of spina bifida over three years: 2009 (only second-trimester screening, MSM2T), 2010 (transient period) and 2011 (majority first-trimester screening, MSM1T). Cases were assigned to three groups based on maternal serum markers (MSM2T, MSM1T and "not performed")...
April 28, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453222/noncontingent-reinforcement-competes-with-response-performance
#17
Michael E Kelley, Cy B Nadler, Catalina Rey, Sarah Cowie, Christopher A Podlesnik
Noncontingent reinforcement is a commonly used procedure to decrease levels of problem behavior. Goals of this intervention are to decrease motivation, responding, and the functional relation between behavior and consequences, but it could also possibly compete with performance of alternative desirable responses. In the current study, we assessed the effects of noncontingent reinforcement arranged from 0% to 100% of sessions on performance of alternative responding across two experiments. Experiment 1 assessed manding (i...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437764/the-use-of-lithium-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-recommendations-from-clinical-practice-guidelines
#18
Gin S Malhi, Danielle Gessler, Tim Outhred
BACKGROUND: Lithium is an effective mood stabilizer that is used principally for the management of bipolar disorder (BD). Its administration is complex and often requires sophisticated management and assiduous monitoring. When considering the use of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder, clinicians are advised to refer to recommendations outlined in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs); but because of varying emphases placed by different international CPGs, recommendations addressing the practical use of lithium lack consistency...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437177/periodontal-derived-mesenchymal-cell-sheets-promote-periodontal-regeneration-in-inflammatory-microenvironment
#19
Shujuan Guo, Jian Kang, Baohui Ji, Weihua Guo, Yi Ding, Yafei Wu, Weidong Tian
In this study, we investigated the periodontal regenerative potential of dental follicle cell (DFC) sheets and periodontal ligament cell (PDLC) sheets in the simulating inflammatory microenvironment of periodontitis, to confirm their regenerative potential for clinical application and explain the possible mechanism. The biological characteristics of DFC sheets and PDLC sheets were explored in lipopolysaccharide from Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis LPS)-induced inflammation microenvironment in vitro, then cell sheets were transplanted into canine periodontal defects with experimental periodontitis in situ for 3 months...
May 18, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433034/direct-1-h-nmr-evidence-of-spin-rotation-coupling-as-a-source-of-para-%C3%A2-ortho-h2-conversion-in-diamagnetic-solvents
#20
Camilla Terenzi, Sabine Bouguet-Bonnet, Daniel Canet
At ambient temperature, conversion from 100% enriched para-hydrogen (p-H2; singlet state) to ortho-hydrogen (o-H2; triplet state) leads necessarily to the thermodynamic equilibrium proportions: 75% of o-H2 and 25% of p-H2. When p-H2 is dissolved in a diamagnetic organic solvent, conversion is very slow and can be considered as arising from nuclear spin relaxation phenomena. A first relaxation mechanism, specific to the singlet state and involving a combination of auto-correlation and cross correlation spectral densities, can be retained: randomly fluctuating magnetic fields due to inter-molecular dipolar interactions...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
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