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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206833/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-depression-among-first-year-doctor-of-veterinary-medicine-students
#1
Dorothy J Bakker, Sean T Lyons, Peter D Conlon
This study examined the impact of psychological capital on depressive symptoms among Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) students (n=84) over their first two semesters of studies. Our results indicated elevated rates of depression in both the first and second semesters relative to published norms. Using the typology developed by Hafen, Reisbig, White, and Rush (2008), students were classified as either "adaptive" (i.e., improving depressive symptomatology from semester to semester) or "struggling" (i.e., worsening depressive symptomatology from semester to semester)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202750/careers-in-virology-working-at-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention
#2
Jennifer L Konopka-Anstadt, Cara C Burns
As non-academic careers in science have become less and less "alternative," one field that has consistently attracted early-career virologists is public health research. The desire to make tangible contributions towards public health needs and better protect the public from infectious disease often motivate the transition. In this Career Gem, two academically-trained virologists offer insights into pursuing a research career in public health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198724/engaging-learners-to-advance-medical-education
#3
Jesse Burk-Rafel, R Logan Jones, Janice L Farlow
Learners are a pillar of academic medicine, yet their voice is seldom heard in national and international scholarly conversations on medical education. However, learners are eager to contribute: in response to a recent open call from Academic Medicine, medical students and residents representing 98 institutions across 11 countries submitted 224 Letters to the Editor on wide-ranging topics. In this Invited Commentary, the authors-three medical students serving in national leadership roles-contextualize several themes discussed in these learner-authored letters...
February 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187772/integrating-consumer-engagement-in-health-and-medical-research-an-australian-framework
#4
Caroline L Miller, Kathy Mott, Michael Cousins, Stephanie Miller, Anne Johnson, Tony Lawson, Steve Wesselingh
BACKGROUND: Quality practice of consumer engagement is still in its infancy in many sectors of medical research. The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) identified, early in its development, the opportunity to integrate evidence-driven consumer and community engagement into its operations. PROCESS: SAHMRI partnered with Health Consumers Alliance and consumers in evidence generation. A Partnership Steering Committee of researchers and consumers was formed for the project...
February 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185589/synergies-strengths-and-challenges-findings-on-community-capability-from-a-systematic-health-systems-research-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Asha S George, Kerry Scott, Vrinda Mehra, Veena Sriram
BACKGROUND: Community capability is the combined influence of a community's social systems and collective resources that can address community problems and broaden community opportunities. We frame it as consisting of three domains that together support community empowerment: what communities have; how communities act; and for whom communities act. We sought to further understand these domains through a secondary analysis of a previous systematic review on community participation in health systems interventions in low and middle income countries (LMICs)...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182959/predictors-of-depression-in-outpatients-with-heart-failure-an-observational-study
#6
Lucinda J Graven, Geraldine Martorella, Glenna Gordon, Joan S Grant Keltner, Melinda K Higgins
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common comorbidity of heart failure. Little is known about the influence of heart failure symptomatology and coping resources, such as social support and social problem-solving, on depression. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether individual and clinical characteristics, heart failure symptomatology, and the subcomponents of social support and social problem-solving increase the likelihood of depression in outpatients with heart failure. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of a cross sectional study with 201 outpatients with heart failure was conducted...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166879/innovation-evaluation-of-tangible-direct-manipulation-digital-drawing-pens-for-children
#7
Tai-Hua Lee, Fong-Gong Wu, Huei-Tsz Chen
Focusing on the theme of direct manipulation, in this study, we proposed a new and innovative tangible user interface (TUI) design concept for a manipulative digital drawing pen. Based on interviews with focus groups brainstorming and experts and the results of a field survey, we selected the most suitable tangible user interface for children between 4 and 7 years of age. Using the new tangible user interface, children could choose between the brush tools after touching and feeling the various patterns. The thickness of the brush could be adjusted by changing the tilt angle...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159679/is-there-a-role-for-femoral-offset-restoration-during-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Marcello De Fine, Matteo Romagnoli, Angelo Toscano, Alice Bondi, Matteo Nanni, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Benefits of femoral offset restoration during total hip arthroplasty should be the reduction of bearing surfaces wear, implant loosening and dislocation rates. Modular neck stems ensure offset customization, but fretting corrosion and catastrophic failures are well documented complications. Since clinical evidences are needed to substantiate the effectiveness of femoral offset restoration and promote modular neck choice, we systematically reviewed the literature to ascertain whether femoral offsetitself has a proven clinical influence: 1) on bearing surfaces wear, 2) implant loosening, 3) and dislocation rates...
January 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158209/sea-level-rise-drives-increased-tidal-flooding-frequency-at-tide-gauges-along-the-u-s-east-and-gulf-coasts-projections-for-2030-and-2045
#9
Kristina A Dahl, Melanie F Fitzpatrick, Erika Spanger-Siegfried
Tidal flooding is among the most tangible present-day effects of global sea level rise. Here, we utilize a set of NOAA tide gauges along the U.S. East and Gulf Coasts to evaluate the potential impact of future sea level rise on the frequency and severity of tidal flooding. Using the 2001-2015 time period as a baseline, we first determine how often tidal flooding currently occurs. Using localized sea level rise projections based on the Intermediate-Low, Intermediate-High, and Highest projections from the U.S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157084/the-concept-of-chair-massage-in-the-workplace-as-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-overload-and-pain
#10
Anna Cabak, Przemysław Kotynia, Marcin Banasiński, Zbigniew Obmiński, Wiesław Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of musculoskeletal overload experienced daily over a long period, for months or even years may lead to serious health problems. Simple, quick and easy-to-administer prophylactic and therapeutic interventions not involving complicated medical procedures can bring tangible benefits for sufferers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and effects of a massage programme performed during breaks at work among persons exposed to long-term overload of the spinal column and areas around the spine...
May 5, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155769/-detection-of-sexually-transmitted-and-bloodborne-infection-stbi-in-160-terms-of-health-promotion-the-8220-blitz-initiative-8221-in-montr-233-al
#11
Monique Imbleau
<ce:para>Is the Ottawa Charter still relevant? This article reports the use of health promotion strategies to redirect and improve screening of STBIs in Montreal in a Blitz initiative. It describes the problem of access to healthcare that initiated the project and the Blitz initiative of STBI screening in schools, as close as approach to youth and mobilizing actors both inside and outside of the healthcare facility. Tangible results were observed.</ce:para>.
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152922/psychosocial-oncology-quality-indicators-prioritization-exercise
#12
Zahra Ismail, Lesley Moody, Maria Rugg
: 277 Background: One of Cancer Care Ontario's (CCO) roles is to monitor and report on cancer system performance to support quality improvement. CCO's Psychosocial Oncology (PSO) program developed a measurement plan with potential indicators to evaluate patient access to and the effectiveness of PSO services across the province. The objective of this study was to conduct a modified Delphi process to build consensus and prioritize PSO indicators based on their relevance to provincial goals, ability to measure regional and provincial performance and result in tangible actions...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143750/enhancing-public-access-to-relevant-and-valued-medical-information-fresh-directions-for-radiologyinfo-org
#13
Geoffrey D Rubin, Arun Krishnaraj, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Ramji R Rajendran, Elliot K Fishman
RadiologyInfo.org is a public information portal designed to support patient care and broaden public awareness of the essential role radiology plays in overall patient health care. Over the past 14 years, RadiologyInfo.org has evolved considerably to provide access to more than 220 mixed-media descriptions of tests, treatments, and diseases through a spectrum of mobile and desktop platforms, social media, and downloadable documents in both English and Spanish. In 2014, the RSNA-ACR Public Information Website Committee, which stewards RadiologyInfo...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143520/which-patients-with-advanced-respiratory-disease-die-in-hospital-a-14-year-population-based-study-of-trends-and-associated-factors
#14
Irene J Higginson, Charles C Reilly, Sabrina Bajwah, Matthew Maddocks, Massimo Costantini, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: Strategies in many countries have sought to improve palliative care and reduce hospital deaths for non-cancer patients, but their effects are not evaluated. We aimed to determine the trends and factors associated with dying in hospital in two common progressive respiratory diseases, and the impact of a national end of life care (EoLC) strategy to reduce deaths in hospital. METHODS: This population-based observational study linked death registration data for people in England dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or interstitial pulmonary diseases (IPD)...
February 1, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141522/altering-user-movement-behaviour-in-virtual-environments
#15
Adalberto L Simeone, Ifigeneia Mavridou, Wendy Powell
In immersive Virtual Reality systems, users tend to move in a Virtual Environment as they would in an analogous physical environment. In this work, we investigated how user behaviour is affected when the Virtual Environment differs from the physical space. We created two sets of four environments each, plus a virtual replica of the physical environment as a baseline. The first focused on aesthetic discrepancies, such as a water surface in place of solid ground. The second focused on mixing immaterial objects together with those paired to tangible objects...
January 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133988/a-framework-for-determining-the-return-on-investment-of-simulation-based-training-in-health-care
#16
Hatim Bukhari, Pamela Andreatta, Brian Goldiez, Luis Rabelo
This article describes a framework that has been developed to monetize the real value of simulation-based training in health care. A significant consideration has been given to the incorporation of the intangible and qualitative benefits, not only the tangible and quantitative benefits of simulation-based training in health care. The framework builds from three works: the value measurement methodology (VMM) used by several departments of the US Government, a methodology documented in several books by Dr Jack Phillips to monetize various training approaches, and a traditional return on investment methodology put forth by Frost and Sullivan, and Immersion Medical...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121994/diet-and-adhd-reviewing-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-of-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-diet-interventions-on-the-behavior-of-children-with-adhd
#17
Lidy M Pelsser, Klaas Frankena, Jan Toorman, Rob Rodrigues Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a debilitating mental health problem hampering the child's development. The underlying causes include both genetic and environmental factors and may differ between individuals. The efficacy of diet treatments in ADHD was recently evaluated in three reviews, reporting divergent and confusing conclusions based on heterogeneous studies and subjects. To address this inconsistency we conducted a systematic review of meta-analyses of double-blind placebo-controlled trials evaluating the effect of diet interventions (elimination and supplementation) on ADHD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118769/probabilistic-return-on-investment-analysis-of-single-family-versus-open-bay-rooms-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-synthesis-and-evaluation-of-early-evidence-on-nosocomial-infections-length-of-stay-and-direct-cost-of-care
#18
Hessam Sadatsafavi, Bahar Niknejad, Mardelle Shepley, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that the physical environment of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), including single-family rooms (SFRs) versus open-bay rooms (OPBYs), has tangible effects on vulnerable patients. The objective of this study was to illustrate the financial implications of SFR versus OPBY units by synthesizing and evaluating the evidence regarding the benefits and costs of each unit from a hospital perspective. METHODS: We assumed a hypothetical NICU with 40 beds in OPBY rooms, to be replaced with a new NICU with 32 SFRs and 8 OPBYs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113524/assessing-generalization-ability-of-majority-vote-point-classifiers
#19
Rahul Kumar Sevakula, Nishchal Kumar Verma
Classification algorithms have been traditionally designed to simultaneously reduce errors caused by bias as well by variance. However, there occur many situations where low generalization error becomes extremely crucial to getting tangible classification solutions, and even slight overfitting causes serious consequences in the test results. In such situations, classifiers with low Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) dimension can bring out positive differences due to two main advantages: 1) the classifier manages to keep the test error close to training error and 2) the classifier learns effectively with small number of samples...
September 30, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108875/against-the-odds-syringe-exchange-policy-implementation-in-indiana
#20
Beth E Meyerson, Carrie A Lawrence, Laura Miller, Anthony Gillespie, Daniel Raymond, Kristen Kelley, D J Shannon
Indiana recently passed legislation allowing local governments to establish syringe exchanges. While the effectiveness of syringe exchange programming is established, there is a dearth of studies about associated policy adoption and implementation. This study documents the experiences of 24 Indiana counties engaged in the process of establishing syringe exchange programming under new state law. A mixed method, qualitative, exploratory case study was conducted from May 2015 to April 2016. We observed rapid and widespread policy adoption interest, and yet counties reported significant policy ambiguity, epidemiologic and resource capacity issues...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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