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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045451/getting-to-the-heart-of-the-matter-does-aberrant-interoceptive-processing-contribute-towards-emotional-eating
#1
Hayley A Young, Claire Williams, Aimee E Pink, Gary Freegard, Amy Owens, David Benton
According to estimates from Public Health England, by 2034 70% of adults are expected to be overweight or obese, therefore understanding the underpinning aetiology is a priority. Eating in response to negative affect contributes towards obesity, however, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Evidence that visceral afferent signals contribute towards the experience of emotion is accumulating rapidly, with the emergence of new influential models of 'active inference'. No longer viewed as a 'bottom up' process, new interoceptive facets based on 'top down' predictions have been proposed, although at present it is unclear which aspects of interoception contribute to aberrant eating behaviour and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045349/male-specific-association-between-fat-free-mass-index-and-faecal-microbiota-in-2-to-3-year-old-australian-children
#2
Paula Smith-Brown, Mark Morrison, Lutz Krause, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVES: Maturation of the gut microbiota has been shown to influence childhood growth while alterations in microbiota composition are proposed to be causally related to the development of overweight and obesity. The objective of this study is to explore the association between microbiota profile, body size and body composition in young children. METHODS: Faecal microbiota was examined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing while body composition was assessed using the deuterium oxide dilution technique in a cohort of 37 well-nourished 2 to 3 year old Australian children...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045326/the-effects-of-acute-interval-exercise-and-strawberry-intake-on-postprandial-lipemia
#3
Alasdair F O'Doherty, Huw S Jones, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Lee Ingle, Sean Carroll
PURPOSE: Raised postprandial triglycerides (TAG) and related oxidative stresses are strongly associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Acute exercise and strawberry ingestion independently ameliorate postprandial lipid excursions and oxidative stress. However, the combined effects of these lifestyle interventions are unknown. We investigated whether acute exercise and strawberry consumption improved postprandial responses to an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) in overweight/obese males...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045325/effects-of-two-years-of-calorie-restriction-on-aerobic-capacity-and-muscle-strength
#4
Susan B Racette, James Rochon, Mary L Uhrich, Dennis T Villareal, Sai Krupa DAS, Luigi Fontana, Manjushri Bhapkar, Corby K Martin, Leanne M Redman, Paul J Fuss, Susan B Roberts, William E Kraus
PURPOSE: Calorie restriction (CR) improves health span and delays age-related diseases in many species. The multicenter Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) study was the first randomized controlled trial of CR in nonobese humans. The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of CR on V˙O2max and muscle strength in the CALERIE trial. METHODS: Healthy, normal-weight, and mildly overweight women and men (n = 218, mean ± SE age = 37...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045079/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-over-3%C3%A2-years-with-liraglutide-3-0%C3%A2-mg-compared-with-placebo-in-participants-with-overweight-or-obesity
#5
R L Kolotkin, B Gabriel Smolarz, H H Meincke, K Fujioka
Previously in the SCALE Obesity and Prediabetes trial, at 1 year, participants with obesity (or overweight with comorbidities) and prediabetes receiving liraglutide 3.0 mg experienced greater improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than those receiving placebo. The current study extends these findings by examining 3-year changes in HRQoL. HRQoL was assessed using the obesity-specific Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite (IWQOL-Lite) questionnaire, as well as the Short-Form 36 v2 (SF-36) health survey...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045034/differential-expression-profiles-of-circulating-micrornas-in-newborns-associated-to-maternal-pregestational-overweight-and-obesity
#6
A Méndez-Mancilla, V Lima-Rogel, J C Toro-Ortíz, F Escalante-Padrón, A E Monsiváis-Urenda, D E Noyola, M Salgado-Bustamante
BACKGROUND: The perinatal environment has a role in the establishment of altered metabolic and inflammatory responses, and could be modulated by microRNAs regulating immune and metabolic processes. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression profile of four circulating microRNAs and cytokine serum concentrations in neonates born to overweight and obese women. METHODS: Pregnant women were included and grouped by pregestational body mass index (21 with normal weight, 10 overweight and 10 obese women)...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044803/impact-of-pediatric-obesity-on-acute-asthma-exacerbation-in-japan
#7
Yusuke Okubo, Nobuaki Michihata, Koichi Yoshida, Naho Morisaki, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obesity are common health problems in children. This study investigated the impact of obesity on children hospitalized with acute asthma exacerbation. METHODS: We obtained the hospital discharge records of inpatients aged 3-8 years with a diagnosis of asthma using a national inpatient database in Japan. The patients were classified into underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese groups using weight for height and body mass index for age provided by the World Health Organization...
October 18, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044551/disordered-eating-and-obesity-associations-between-binge-eating-disorder-night-eating-syndrome-and-weight-related-comorbidities
#8
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C Allison
Binge-eating disorder (BED) and night-eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for BED; and CBT, SSRIs, progressive muscle relaxation, and bright light therapy for NES...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044364/outcome-after-breast-reduction-considering-body-mass-index-and-resection-amount
#9
Mehmet Bayramiçli, Hakan Sirinoglu, Dogus Yalçin
Background: It is presumed that breast reduction improves patients' quality of life and promotes weight loss. Preoperative body mass index (BMI) and the amount of breast tissue (breast reduction amount [BRA]) in proportion to the patient's body weight are important variables to affect the breast reduction outcome. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the short and long-term effects of breast reduction from the perspective of BMI and BRA. Methods: One hundred fifty-seven consecutive patients were invited to participate in the study...
October 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044336/the-impact-of-body-mass-index-bmi-variation-on-mortality-of-incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-joint-model-analysis
#10
Marcia Regina Gianotti Franco, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, José Carolino Divino-Filho, Natália Maria Da Silva Fernandes
INTRODUCTION: Data on impact of high body mass index (BMI) on mortality of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), especially among elderly, are inconsistent. Objective: To evaluate impact of BMI on cohort of incident elderly PD patients over time. METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study (December / 2004-October/2007) with 674 patients. Socio-demographic and clinical data evaluated with patients followed until death, transfer to hemodialysis (HD), recovery of renal function, loss of follow-up or transplant...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043930/associations-among-fatty-acids-desaturase-and-elongase-and-insulin-resistance-in-children
#11
Lori M Beccarelli, Rachel Erin Scherr, John W Newman, Alison G Borkowska, Ira J Gray, Jessica D Linnell, Carl L Keen, Heather M Young
OBJECTIVES: Fatty acid profiles and desaturase (SCD-16, SCD018, D5D, D6D) and elongase (ELOVL6) enzyme activity have been associated with adiposity and metabolic disease. While this has been studied in adults, few studies have included children. The objective of this study was to evaluate these markers in children and identify relationships with markers of metabolic health. It was hypothesized that these lipid markers would be correlated to adiposity and metabolic disease. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of fourth- and fifth-grade children (n = 86, aged 9-12) participating in a comprehensive nutrition program...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043700/body-mass-index-effects-kruger-s-criteria-in-infertile-men
#12
Yaprak Engin-Ustun, Nafiye Yılmaz, Nilufer Akgun, Ayla Aktulay, Ahmet Deniz Tuzluoğlu, Batuhan Bakırarar
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between sperm parameters and body mass index (BMI) in the male spouses with infertility complaints, who had reffered to our clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The male spouses from 159 couples reffering to our clinic because of infertility, during a six-month period, were included in the study. In this prospective case control study, the included men were categorized as non-obese (BMIP<25 kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI 25-29 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) according to their BMIs...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043555/impact-of-non-specific-normal-databases-on-perfusion-quantification-of-low-dose-myocardial-spect-studies
#13
Camilla Scabbio, Orazio Zoccarato, Simona Malaspina, Giovanni Lucignani, Angelo Del Sole, Michela Lecchi
AIM: To evaluate the impact of non-specific normal databases on the percent summed rest score (SR%) and stress score (SS%) from simulated low-dose SPECT studies by shortening the acquisition time/projection. METHODS: Forty normal-weight and 40 overweight/obese patients underwent myocardial studies with a conventional gamma-camera (BrightView, Philips) using three different acquisition times/projection: 30, 15, and 8 s (100%-counts, 50%-counts, and 25%-counts scan, respectively) and reconstructed using the iterative algorithm with resolution recovery (IRR) Astonish(TM) (Philips)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043480/body-mass-index-bmi-postoperative-appearance-satisfaction-and-sexual-function-in-breast-cancer-survivorship
#14
K E Rojas, N Matthews, C Raker, M A Clark, M Onstad, A Stuckey, J Gass
PURPOSE: We sought to explore the correlation between BMI and postoperative sexual function, body image, and breast-specific sensuality before and after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients at least 1 year from surgery employed the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and investigator-generated questions. Patients who underwent lumpectomy (L), mastectomy (M), and mastectomy with reconstruction (MR) were compared across three BMI groups: normal weight, overweight, and obese...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043006/does-dietary-fat-affect-inflammatory-markers-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-from-2010-to-2016
#15
REVIEW
Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Jacob J Christensen, Stine M Ulven, Kirsten B Holven
BACKGROUND: Obesity, a major cause of death and disability, is increasing worldwide. Obesity is characterized by a chronic, low-grade inflammatory state which is suggested to play a critical role in the development of obesity-related diseases like cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. In fact, in the hours following consumption of a meal, a transient increase in inflammatory markers occurs, a response that is exaggerated in obese subjects. Dietary composition, including content of dietary fatty acids, may affect this inflammatory response both acutely and chronically, and thereby be predictive of progression of disease...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042828/predictors-of-sedentary-status-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-a-cohort-study
#16
Mark H Joven, Ivana T Croghan, Stephanie M Quigg, Jon O Ebbert, Paul Y Takahashi
PURPOSE: Walking may improve health in obese patients with multimorbidity. We aimed to identify predictors associated with achieving <5000 steps per day after 4 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 125 adult patients with a body mass index >25 kg/m(2) and ≥7 comorbidities. We evaluated potential predictors for <5000 steps per day using logistic regression and adjusting for age >65 years and sex. RESULTS: The mean (range) age was 63...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042415/long-term-effects-of-weight-loss-exercise-on-biomarkers-associated-with-angiogenesis
#17
Catherine Duggan, Jean de Dieu Tapsoba, Ching-Yun Wang, Karen E Foster-Schubert, Anne McTiernan
BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of weight-loss on circulating levels of the angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in postmenopausal overweight/obese women, 18 months after completing a year-long 4-arm randomized controlled trial of behavioral weight-loss and/or exercise vs. control (i.e., 30-months post-randomization). METHODS: 439 overweight/obese, postmenopausal women, 50-75 years, were randomized to: diet (goal: 10% weight-loss, N=118), exercise (225 min/week moderate-to-vigorous activity, N=117), diet+exercise (N=117), or control (N=87)...
October 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042128/impact-of-blood-pressure-cholesterol-and-glucose-in-the-association-between-adiposity-measures-and-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-among-iranian-population
#18
Reyhaneh Rajab Boloukat, Azra Ramezankhani, Mitra Hasheminia, Erfan Tasdighi, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To determine the association of body mass index (BMI) and central adiposity measures with coronary heart disease (CHD)/stroke, and to quantify the impact of blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose as metabolic mediators on these associations. METHODS: The study population included 4631 Iranian participants (males = 2066) aged ≥40 years. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of BMI and central adiposity measures, using continuous and categorical variables, on CHD/stroke, with and without adjustment for three metabolic mediators, to calculate the attenuation of excess risk after adjustment for mediators...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040821/dietary-intake-and-omega-3-dha-status-in-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight
#19
Adriana V Gaitán, Merritt L Drewery, Carly A Thaxton, Kennet M Carabante, Ericka Seidemann, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Carol J Lammi-Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To estimate dietary intake of pregnant women who are overweight, assess their omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status, and compare results between Black and White women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component (dietary assessment). SETTING: Outpatient clinics at Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge, Louisiana and telephone calls. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women (N = 21) who were overweight (body mass index = 25...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040812/a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-study-of-appetite-related-sensations-after-consuming-snacks-made-from-buckwheat
#20
Danielle M Defries, Jay C Petkau, Terri Gregor, Heather Blewett
With the rising incidence of overweight and obesity in developed countries, there is an interest in developing food products that may aid in satiety and reduce energy intake. Buckwheat is a gluten-free edible seed that has been previously shown to induce changes in post-prandial concentrations of satiety hormones; however, subjective measures of appetite-related sensations and objective measures of energy intake at subsequent meals following buckwheat consumption have not been measured. Thirty eight healthy adults were recruited to participate in a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial with the main objective to determine if consuming snacks made from buckwheat would increase satiety and reduce energy intake compared to snacks comparable in serving size, physical characteristics, and nutrient composition...
October 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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