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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531781/body-mass-index-kinetics-around-adiposity-rebound-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-control-study
#1
Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Edouard Carrier, Nadia Ourrad, Alain Perroud, Alain Nicolas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with parameters involved in body mass index (BMI) regulation. Contrary to obesity, BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound is not documented in AN. This study aimed at investigating which characteristics of BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound are associated with AN. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study with 101 inpatient women with AN onset after 10 years of age, and 101 healthy women, all free of overweight history and matched for age, level of education and fathers' socio-professional status...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531779/overweight-postmenopausal-women-with-different-plasma-estradiol-concentrations-present-with-a-similar-pattern-of-energy-expenditure-and-substrate-oxidation-rate-before-and-after-a-fatty-meal-challenge
#2
Roberta de Souza Santos, Andressa Feijó da Silva Santos, Deborah J Clegg, Odilon Iannetta, Julio Sérgio Marchini, Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
Menopause-related withdrawal of ovarian estrogens is associated with reduced energy metabolism and overall impairment of substrate oxidation. Estradiol's withdrawal after menopause is associated with a reduction in energy metabolism and impaired substrate oxidation, which contributes to weight gain and visceral fat accumulation. Here we aimed to investigate the association between plasma estradiol concentrations and energy expenditure (EE)/substrate oxidation in a group of overweight postmenopausal women before and after a fatty meal challenge...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#3
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#4
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531772/diet-induced-weight-loss-and-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
K A Berk, T P Oudshoorn, A J M Verhoeven, M T Mulder, A J M Roks, W A Dik, R Timman, E J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overweight and obesity increase cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In a recent trial, however, diet-induced weight loss did not reduce the cardiovascular risk of patients with T2D, possibly due to the parallel intensive medical treatment. We investigated the effect of diet-induced weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D, and whether this effect was influenced by the use of statins, ACE inhibitors, metformin and duration of T2D...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531587/distribution-of-subcutaneous-body-fat-on-the-left-and-right-side-of-the-body-in-adult-overweight-right-handed-women
#6
Irini Koidou, Athina Karelani, George Grouios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531369/should-high-bmi-be-a-reason-for-ivf-treatment-denial
#7
S Friedler, O Cohen, G Liberty, B Saar-Ryss, S Meltzer, T Lazer
Our aim was to examine the influence of BMI on the live-birth rate following IVF/ICSI and evaluate its specific contribution among other factors thus enabling accurate reproductive policy development. All patients that underwent IVF/ICSI at our center during January 2012-July 2015 were included in this retrospective study. A total of 1654 ICSI cycles were divided into four groups according to the patient's BMI (kg/m(2)): group I (normal weight): <25 (943 cycles); group II (overweight): 25-30 (403 cycles); group III (obese): 30-35 (212 cycles); group IV (morbid obesity): >35 (96 cycles)...
May 20, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#8
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#9
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530065/-the-relationship-between-overweight-obesity-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#10
REVIEW
Tal Frenkel Rutenberg, Michael Drexler
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the western world is growing, and with it there is a growing number of patients with osteoarthritis, a condition that leads to pain and disability. The association between body weight and osteoarthritis is mediated by both mechanical and humeral factors such as growth factors, hormones and mediators of the immune system. This review will present the mechanisms which lead to osteoarthritis, and will discuss available treatments which are suitable for the overweight and obese population, along with promising emerging new treatments...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529917/current-guidelines-on-prevention-with-a-focus-on-dyslipidemias
#11
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano, Nathan D Wong
Examination of the current the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the management of dyslipidemias finds much common ground. Both note that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529534/the-role-of-a-dairy-fraction-rich-in-milk-fat-globule-membrane-in-the-suppression-of-postprandial-inflammatory-markers-and-bone-turnover-in-obese-and-overweight-adults-an-exploratory-study
#12
Tara S Rogers, Elieke Demmer, Nancy Rivera, Erik R Gertz, J Bruce German, Jennifer T Smilowitz, Angela M Zivkovic, Marta D Van Loan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is associated with increased bone resorption; the role of inflammation in postprandial bone turnover has not been explored. Consumption of milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) reduces inflammation in animal models. This study aimed to measure postprandial changes in bone turnover after intake of high saturated fat test meals, with- and without the anti-inflammatory ingredient MFGM. METHODS: Subjects (n = 36 adults) were obese (BMI 30-39...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529332/adiposity-and-grip-strength-as-long-term-predictors-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-93-015-adults-the-uk-biobank-study
#13
Y Kim, T White, K Wijndaele, S J Sharp, N J Wareham, S Brage
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fatness and fitness are associated with physical activity (PA) but less is known about the prospective associations of adiposity and muscle strength with PA. This study aimed to determine longitudinal associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and grip strength (GS) with objectively measured PA. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data are from the UK Biobank study. At baseline (2006-2010), BMI, WC and GS were objectively measured. At follow-up (2013-2015), a sub-sample of 93 015 participants (52 161 women) wore a tri-axial accelerometer on the dominant wrist for 7 days...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#14
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#15
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528810/titration-of-intravenous-oxytocin-infusion-for-postdate-induction-of-labor-across-body-mass-index-groups
#16
Angela B Maeder, Susan C Vonderheid, Chang G Park, Aleeca F Bell, Barbara L McFarlin, Catherine Vincent, C Sue Carter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether oxytocin titration for postdate labor induction differs among women who are normal weight, overweight, and obese and whether length of labor and birth method differ by oxytocin titration and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: U.S. university-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Of 280 eligible women, 21 were normal weight, 134 were overweight, and 125 were obese at labor admission...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528770/ethnic-variation-in-self-rated-health-mortality-association-results-from-a-17-year-follow-up-study-in-estonia
#17
Rainer Reile, Mall Leinsalu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous research has highlighted the role of self-rated health (SRH) as an important predictor of mortality. With substantial ethnic differences in SRH and mortality reported in Estonia, this study aims to examine the ethnic variation in SRH-mortality association in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline data come from the nationally representative 1996 Estonian Health Interview Survey. Individual records of 3983 respondents in the 25-79 age group were linked with mortality data with 17 years follow-up time...
May 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528703/does-fitness-improve-the-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-obese-subjects
#18
H Halland, M T Lønnebakken, S Saeed, H Midtbø, D Cramariuc, E Gerdts
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in obesity. We explored the association of fitness with the prevalences of major cardiovascular risk factor like hypertension (HT), diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight and obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data from 491 participants in the FAT associated CardiOvasculaR dysfunction (FATCOR) study were analyzed. Physical fitness was assessed by ergospirometry, and subjects with at least good level of performance for age and sex were classified as fit...
April 26, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#19
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528269/bariatric-surgery-for-the-obese-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-the-case-for
#20
Anya Adair
The incidence of obesity is rising exponentially. This is having a direct impact on liver transplantation due to an increase in NAFLD disease and numbers of overweight and obese patients requiring transplantation. There is now evidence suggesting that obesity has a negative impact on both graft and patient survival. There remains an imbalance between number of donors available and patients requiring transplantation. We therefore need to ensure we make the best use of the organs available, optimizing graft and patient survival in those fortunate enough to receive an organ...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
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