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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677533/proresolving-protein-annexin-a1-the-role-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity
#1
Nathalia T Pietrani, Cláudia N Ferreira, Kathryna F Rodrigues, Luiza O Perucci, Fernanda S Carneiro, Adriana A Bosco, Marina C Oliveira, Solange S Pereira, Antônio L Teixeira, Jacqueline I Alvarez-Leite, Adaliene V Ferreira, Lirlândia P Sousa, Karina B Gomes
BACKGROUND: Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is a protein involved in inflammation resolution that might be altered in obesity-associated type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), which is a chronic inflammatory disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate AnxA1 serum levels in individuals with and without DM stratified according to the body mass index (BMI), and the dynamic of AnxA1 expression in adipose tissue from humans with obesity and non-obesity. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 41 patients with DM (lean, overweight and obese) and 40 controls, and adipose tissue samples were obtained from 16 individuals with obesity (with or without DM), and 15 controls...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#2
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677164/the-mediating-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-prospective-association-between-overall-dietary-quality-and-healthy-aging
#3
Karen E Assmann, Indunil Ruhunuhewa, Moufidath Adjibade, Zhen Li, Raphaëlle Varraso, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify to what extent the association between adherence to the French nutritional recommendations at midlife, measured by the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS), and healthy aging (HA) is mediated by body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2249 participants of the French 'Supplementation with Vitamins and Mineral Antioxidants' (SU.VI.MAX-'SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants') cohort...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676452/cardiac-manifestations-in-sickle-cell-disease-varies-with-patient-genotype
#4
Paul Guedeney, François Lionnet, Alexandre Ceccaldi, Katia Stankovic Stojanovic, Ariel Cohen, Sarah Mattioni, Gilles Montalescot, Claude Bachmeyer, Richard Isnard, Jean-Philippe Haymann, Nadjib Hammoudi
Cardiac involvement is well characterized in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) but cardiac features associated with Haemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease are mostly unknown. We compared 60 patients with HbSC disease (median age 31 years, 25 men) to 60 SCA patients and 60 controls matched for age and gender. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricle (LV) mass index (LVMi), cardiac index and peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) were measured using echocardiography. LV filling pressures were assessed using the ratio of early diastolic transmitral velocity to tissue velocity (E/e' ratio)...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675881/bmi-trajectories-from-birth-to-young-adulthood
#5
Shannon M McGinty, Stavroula K Osganian, Henry A Feldman, Carly E Milliren, Alison E Field, Tracy K Richmond
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare BMI trajectories from childhood to early adulthood in those with overweight and/or obesity versus severe obesity. METHODS: Longitudinal BMI values (2,542 measurements) were calculated from measured heights and weights for 103 children, adolescents, or young adults with overweight, obesity, or severe obesity. Segmented regression with splines was used to model BMI trajectories. RESULTS: Sixty-nine participants were classified as ever having severe obesity versus 34 who never had severe obesity...
April 19, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675043/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-childhood-cancer-treatment-are-independent-of-the-fto-gene-polymorphism
#6
Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Paweł Bernatowicz, Katarzyna Muszyńska-Rosłan, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Włodzimierz Łuczyński
The study objective was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for childhood cancer ( N = 101) and to determine the involvement of clinical (cancer type and therapy) and/or genetic ( FTO gene rs9939609 polymorphism) factors. Anthropometric features, laboratory findings, and standardized osteodensitometric indices (fat and lean mass) were considered. Overweight/obesity was found in 17.82% of the patients; however, central adiposity was found in as many as 42.5%. At least one abnormality in lipid metabolism was observed in 35...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674761/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-survival-of-pancreatic-cancer-patients-in-japan
#7
Tomohiro Okura, Masakuni Fujii, Junji Shiode, Yuri Ito, Toru Kojima, Junichiro Nasu, Takefumi Niguma, Masao Yoshioka, Tetsushige Mimura, Kazuhide Yamamoto
The impact of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative survival in Japanese patients with pancreatic cancer is unclear. We examined the relationship between preoperative BMI and the prognosis of Japanese patients who underwent surgery for pancreatic cancer to determine whether BMI affects these patients' prognosis. Of the patients who underwent pancreatectomy between January 2004 and August 2015 at our institution, 246 were pathologically diagnosed with pancreatic tubular adenocarcinoma; the cancer was located in the pancreatic head (n=161) and in the body and tail (n=85)...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674760/relationship-between-eating-quickly-and-overweight-a-cohort-study-of-schoolchildren-in-japan
#8
Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Hinako Nanri, Rimei Nishimura, Hiromi Hoshino, Akatsuki Kokaze
Several cross-sectional studies have shown that eating quickly is associated with overweight in children and adolescents. However, few cohort studies have examined this relationship. Here we investigated the relationship between eating quickly and overweight in a cohort study of fourth-grade schoolchildren (aged 9 or 10 years) who attended elementary schools in Ina-town, Japan. The children were followed for 3 years from 2001-2004 (at baseline) to 2004-2007. A questionnaire survey including information about eating speed (fast, medium, or slow) was administered, and height and weight measurements were obtained at baseline and follow-up...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674515/infant-weight-gain-and-adolescent-body-mass-index-comparison-across-two-british-cohorts-born-in-1946-and-2001
#9
William Johnson, David Bann, Rebecca Hardy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the relationship of infant weight gain with adolescent body mass index (BMI) differs for individuals born during and before the obesity epidemic era. DESIGN: Data from two British birth cohorts, the 1946 National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD, n=4199) and the 2001 Millennium Cohort Study (MCS, n=9417), were used to estimate and compare associations of infant weight gain between ages 0 and 3 years with adolescent outcomes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BMI Z-scores and overweight/obesity at ages 11 and 14 years...
April 19, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674254/the-association-between-obesity-and-restless-legs-syndrome-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Song Lin, Huaqi Zhang, Tianlin Gao, Feng Zhong, Yongye Sun, Jing Cai, Aiguo Ma
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) has been reported to occur more frequently in obese individuals than in those with normal weight. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to explore the relationship between obesity and RLS. METHODS: Published articles were identified through a comprehensive review of PUBMED and EMBASE from inception to the 16th December 2017. Data from studies reporting relative risks, odds ratios, or hazard ratios comparing the risk of RLS among individuals with obesity versus people with normal weight were analyzed...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674207/impact-of-excessive-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-abnormal-gestational-weight-gain-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#11
Sara Ornaghi, Paola Algeri, Lyudmyla Todyrenchuk, Emanuela Vertemati, Patrizia Vergani
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of excessive pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and abnormal gestational weight gain on adverse outcomes in women with chronic hypertension (CH). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of CH women with singleton pregnancy delivered at our Institution in 2002-2013. Women were categorized as normal, overweight, and obese, according to their pre-pregnancy BMI. Further stratification was based on gestational weight gain (insufficient, adequate, and excessive) as defined by 2009 IOM guidelines...
April 10, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673638/outcome-after-surgery-for-aortic-dissection-type-a-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#12
Maximilian Kreibich, Bartosz Rylski, Joseph E Bavaria, Emanuela Branchetti, Daniel Dohle, Patrick Moeller, Prashanth Vallabhajosyula, Wilson Y Szeto, Nimesh D Desai
BACKGROUND: The number of obese patients is increasing and more obese patients are likely to present for surgical repair of aortic dissection Type A (ADA). We evaluated the effect of this procedure on mortality and morbidity of patients based on their body-mass-index (BMI; kg*m-2 ). METHODS: A total of 667 patients that underwent surgical repair of ADA between 2003 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI: normal weight (18≤BMI<25; n=186), overweight (25≤BMI<30; n=238), obese (30≤BMI<35, n=144), and morbidly obese (BMI≥35; n=99)...
April 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672600/associations-of-obesity-with-tracheal-intubation-success-on-first-attempt-and-adverse-events-in-the-emergency-department-an-analysis-of-the-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-in-japan
#13
Hiromasa Yakushiji, Tadahiro Goto, Wataru Shirasaka, Yusuke Hagiwara, Hiroko Watase, Hiroshi Okamoto, Kohei Hasegawa
Obesity is deemed to increase the risk of difficult tracheal intubation. However, there is a dearth of research that examines the relationship of obesity with intubation success and adverse events in the emergency department (ED). We analyzed the data from a prospective, observational, multicenter study-the Japanese Emergency Airway Network (JEAN) 2 study from 2012 through 2016. We included all adults (aged ≥18 years) who underwent tracheal intubation in the ED. Patients were categorized into three groups according to their body mass index (BMI): lean (<25...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672353/association-of-bmi-and-height-with-the-risk-of-endometrial-cancer-overall-and-by-histological-subtype-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-in-japan
#14
Asuka Kawachi, Taichi Shimazu, Sanjeev Budhathoki, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
Evidence on the association between BMI, height, and endometrial cancer risk, including by subtypes, among Asian populations remains limited. We evaluated the impact of BMI and height on the risk of endometrial cancer, overall and by histological subtype. We prospectively investigated 53 651 Japanese women aged 40-69 years. With an average follow-up duration of 18.6 years, 180 newly diagnosed endometrial cancers were reported, including 119 type 1 and 21 type 2. The association between BMI, height, and endometrial cancer risk was assessed using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with adjustment for potential confounders...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672124/the-effects-of-supplementation-with-conjugated-linoleic-acid-on-anthropometric-indices-and-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Nazli Namazi, Pardis Irandoost, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
Clinical trials have indicated conflicting results on the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on obesity. The present study aimed to systematically review controlled clinical trials examining the effects of CLA on anthropometric indices and body composition in overweight and obese subjects. Pubmed, Scopus, Web of science, and Cochrane databases were searched between 2000 and December 2017 with no language restriction. Placebo-controlled clinical trials that reported anthropometric indices and body composition in overweight and obese subjects were included...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671938/interventions-aimed-at-preventing-and-reducing-overweight-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
A Kobes, T Kretschmer, G Timmerman, P Schreuder
The prevalence of child and adolescent obesity has been a major worldwide problem for decades. To stop the number of youth with overweight/obesity from increasing, numerous interventions focusing on improving children's weight status have been implemented. The growing body of research on weight-related interventions for youth has been summarized by several meta-analyses aiming to provide an overview of the effectiveness of interventions. Yet, the number of meta-analyses is expanding so quickly and overall results differ, making a comprehensive synopsis of the literature difficult...
April 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671791/the-antecedents-and-consequences-of-health-literacy-in-an-ecological-perspective-results-from-an-experimental-analysis
#17
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Ierardi, Letizia Bachini, Martina Donzellini, Fabrizio Gemmi, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
This study analyses the relationship between the antecedents and consequences of health literacy (HL) at the ecological level among the nations involved in the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU). The antecedents and consequences were investigated by means of proxy indicators. The HL was measured using the 47-item HLS-EU questionnaire (HLS-EUQ47) and the Newest Vital Sign (NVS). The two measures stood in significant correlation to the outcomes of the sub-discipline of the Euro Health Consumer Index (r = 0...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670847/changes-of-insulin-resistance-and-adipokines-following-supplementation-with-glycyrrhiza-glabra-l-extract-in-combination-with-a-low-calorie-diet-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#18
Mohammad Alizadeh, Nazli Namazi, Elham Mirtaheri, Nafiseh Sargheini, Sorayya Kheirouri
Purpose: Adipose tissue is a highly active endocrine organ which plays a key role in energy homeostasis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dried licorice extract along with a calorie restricted diet on body composition, insulin resistance and adipokines in overweight and obese subjects. Methods: Sixty-four overweight and obese volunteers (27 men, 37 women) were recruited into this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, clinical trial. Participants were randomly allocated to the Licorice (n=32) or the placebo group (n=32), and each group received a low-calorie diet with either 1...
March 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670755/growing-up-in-australia-paradox-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-of-immigrants-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
T Zulfiqar, L Strazdins, C Banwell, H Dinh, C D'Este
Objective: Children of immigrants from low-and-middle-income countries show excess overweight/obesity risk relative to host populations, possibly due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study was conducted to estimate overweight/obesity prevalence and its association with the family socioeconomic-position in 2-11-year-old Australian-born children of immigrants and Australian-mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 10-year data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was undertaken...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670753/association-of-changes-in-mental-health-with-weight-loss-during-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-does-the-timing-matter
#20
N Alhalel, S M Schueller, M J O'Brien
Objective: This study examined changes in mental health symptoms and weight during weight loss treatment. It was hypothesized that worsening mental health would negatively impact weight loss. Methods: Data were analyzed from a trial of 92 Hispanic women with overweight/obesity and prediabetes, who were randomized to receive intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI), metformin 1,700 mg daily, or standard care. Depression, anxiety and perceived stress were assessed at 0, 6 and 12 months...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
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