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Behavior-analytic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774561/the-relationship-between-differential-stimulus-relatedness-and-implicit-measure-effect-sizes
#1
Jamie Cummins, Bryan Roche, Ian Tyndall, Aoife Cartwright
Implicit measures have been hypothesized to allow researchers to ascertain the existence and strength of relations between stimuli, often in the context of research on attitudes. However, little controlled behavioral research has focused on whether stimulus relations, and the degree of relatedness within such relations, are indexed by implicit measures. The current study eamined this issue using a behavior-analytic implicit-style stimulus relation indexing procedure known as the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770437/evaluation-of-video-self-instruction-for-implementing-paired-stimulus-preference-assessments
#2
Candice Hansard, Ellie Kazemi
We trained four undergraduate students who reported no prior experience implementing behavior-analytic procedures to conduct a paired-stimulus preference assessment using a video self-instruction package. The package was composed of several components from prior research (i.e., a voice-over script, written instructions, multiple video models per step, and instructions for the trainee to rehearse throughout the video presentation). We used a nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline-across-participants design and found that all participants accurately implemented the preference assessment with a simulated client after viewing the video once...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730531/development-and-validation-of-a-highly-sensitive-lc-ms-ms-method-for-determination-of-brain-active-agent-dianhydrogalactitol-in-mouse-plasma-and-tissues-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#3
Lihan Sun, Huajing Wu, Lianjie Ren, Jiaojiao Cong, Xiaohui Qin, Xingli Wang, Xinming Qi, Lifeng Kang, Junying Zhang, Chunyong Wu
A sensitive and specific liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for quantitative analysis of 1,2:5,6-dianhydrogalactitol (DAG) in mouse plasma and tissues. Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) was used as the derivatization reagent to improve its LC-MS/MS behavior. Analytes were separated on a Welch Ultimate XB-CN column with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid solution (65:35). The MS analysis was conducted by positive electrospray ionization in multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671636/behavioral-interventions-for-inappropriate-sexual-behavior-in-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities-and-acquired-brain-injury-a-review
#4
Casey J Clay, Sarah E Bloom, Joseph M Lambert
Inappropriate sexual behavior (ISB) is a common, but understudied, issue for individuals diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD), intellectual disability (ID), and/or acquired brain injuries (ABI). We conducted a systematic review to identify, analyze, and synthesize published behavior-analytic approaches to intervention for ISB in DD, ID, or ABI populations. Twenty-three studies employing single-subject research methodology were identified and evaluated using quality indicators described by Horner et al...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565623/responding-to-gender-and-sexual-minority-stress-with-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#5
Matthew D Skinta, Brandon Hoeflein, Amanda M Muñoz-Martínez, C Lucía Rincón
Despite an overwhelming literature detailing the impact of societal bias on the well-being and relationships of gender and sexual minority clients, as well as greater rates of help-seeking from mental health professionals, recent advances in minority stress research have not been fully incorporated into clinical practice. Minority stress factors such as internalized stigma, rejection sensitivity, and concealment interfere with vulnerable and intimate relationships, and likely contribute to the transdiagnostic challenges that GSM clients report, such as loneliness and social isolation (Mereish & Poteat, 2015)...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548211/synergistic-interactions-promote-behavior-spreading-and-alter-phase-transitions-on-multiplex-networks
#6
Quan-Hui Liu, Wei Wang, Shi-Min Cai, Ming Tang, Ying-Cheng Lai
Synergistic interactions are ubiquitous in the real world. Recent studies have revealed that, for a single-layer network, synergy can enhance spreading and even induce an explosive contagion. There is at the present a growing interest in behavior spreading dynamics on multiplex networks. What is the role of synergistic interactions in behavior spreading in such networked systems? To address this question, we articulate a synergistic behavior spreading model on a double layer network, where the key manifestation of the synergistic interactions is that the adoption of one behavior by a node in one layer enhances its probability of adopting the behavior in the other layer...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527690/on-the-use-of-the-term-frequency-in-applied-behavior-analysis
#7
James E Carr, Melissa R Nosik, Molli M Luke
There exists a terminological problem in applied behavior analysis: the term frequency has been used as a synonym for both rate (the number of responses per time) and count (the number of responses). To guide decisions about the use and meaning of frequency, we surveyed the usage of frequency in contemporary behavior-analytic journals and textbooks and found that the predominant usage of frequency was as count, not rate. Thus, we encourage behavior analysts to use frequency as a synonym for count.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489370/crossover-of-the-power-law-exponent-for-carbon-nanotube-conductivity-as-a-function-of-salinity
#8
Yuki Uematsu, Roland R Netz, Lydéric Bocquet, Douwe Jan Bonthuis
On the basis of the Poisson-Boltzmann equation in cylindrical coordinates, we calculate the conductivity of a single charged nanotube filled with electrolyte. The conductivity as a function of the salt concentration follows a power-law, the exponent of which has been controversially discussed in the literature. We use the co-ion-exclusion approximation and obtain the crossover between different asymptotic power-law behaviors analytically. Numerically solving the full Poisson-Boltzmann equation, we also calculate the complete diagram of exponents as a function of the salt concentration and the pH for tubes with different radii and p Ka values...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429607/using-behavioral-analytics-to-increase-exercise-a-randomized-n-of-1-study
#9
Sunmoo Yoon, Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Ian M Kronish, Carmela Alcantara, Jacob Julian, Faith Parsons, Karina W Davidson, Keith M Diaz
INTRODUCTION: This intervention study used mobile technologies to investigate whether those randomized to receive a personalized "activity fingerprint" (i.e., a one-time tailored message about personal predictors of exercise developed from 6 months of observational data) increased their physical activity levels relative to those not receiving the fingerprint. STUDY DESIGN: A 12-month randomized intervention study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: From 2014 to 2015, 79 intermittent exercisers had their daily physical activity assessed by accelerometry (Fitbit Flex) and daily stress experience, a potential predictor of exercise behavior, was assessed by smartphone...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347572/multichain-models-of-conserved-lattice-gas
#10
Arijit Chatterjee, P K Mohanty
Conserved lattice-gas models in one dimension exhibit absorbing state phase transition (APT) with simple integer exponents β=1=ν=η, whereas the same on a ladder belong to directed percolation (DP) universality. We conjecture that additional stochasticity in particle transfer is a relevant perturbation and its presence on a ladder forces the APT to be in the DP class. To substantiate this we introduce a class of restricted conserved lattice-gas models on a multichain system (M×L square lattice with periodic boundary condition in both directions), where particles which have exactly one vacant neighbor are active and they move deterministically to the neighboring vacant site...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339346/user-centered-design-of-learn-to-quit-a-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Roger Vilardaga, Javier Rizo, Emily Zeng, Julie A Kientz, Richard Ries, Chad Otis, Kayla Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in the United States have been reduced in the past decades to 15% of the general population. However, up to 88% of people with psychiatric symptoms still smoke, leading to high rates of disease and mortality. Therefore, there is a great need to develop smoking cessation interventions that have adequate levels of usability and can reach this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the rationale, ideation, design, user research, and final specifications of a novel smoking cessation app for people with serious mental illness (SMI) that will be tested in a feasibility trial...
January 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333486/ethical-considerations-when-delivering-behavior-analytic-services-for-problem-behavior-via-telehealth
#12
Patrick W Romani, Kelly M Schieltz
Delivery of healthcare services via telehealth has been growing in popularity, and work completed by behavior analytic researchers and practitioners have supported this trend. Behavior analysts at the University of Iowa Children's Hospital (UICH) developed a telehealth model of service delivery to build upon their already established in-clinic and in-home services. Results from their telehealth studies showed positive effects. Social functions were identified for most children, and problem behavior decreased by an average of 94...
November 2017: Behavior Analysis (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290407/expanding-access-to-clinical-services-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Therese L Mathews, Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, Laura L Needelman, Paige E McArdle, Natalie Romer, Megan Terry, Kathryn Menousek, Joseph H Evans, William J Higgins
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically diagnosed in the toddler and preschool years. Intensive early intervention (EI) using applied behavior analytic procedures is the evidenced-based intervention most effective in improving developmental outcomes. Unfortunately, there are numerous barriers to accessing EI services for toddlers with ASD. This article addresses (a) the process of developing an EI program using primarily applied behavior analytic services with multidisciplinary health care providers, (b) a description of the service delivery provided, (c) educational and training programs to increase qualified staff, and (d) advocacy efforts to improve community capacity...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214135/developing-procedures-to-improve-therapist-child-rapport-in-early-intervention
#14
Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, John C Lamphere, Paige E McArdle
Rapport is a primary component in the development of a therapeutic relationship between health-service professionals and clients. Presession pairing is a procedure often recommended in behavior analytic practice to build rapport with clients. However, many service providers may not exhibit presession pairing skills correctly or at a sufficient rate. The current study aimed to operationally define therapist behaviors that are indicative of presession pairing and to train direct care staff to implement said skills...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165867/applying-behavior-analytic-methodology-to-the-science-and-practice-of-environmental-enrichment-in-zoos-and-aquariums
#15
Christina A Alligood, Nicole R Dorey, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Katherine A Leighty
Environmental enrichment in zoos and aquariums is often evaluated at two overlapping levels: published research and day-to-day institutional record keeping. Several authors have discussed ongoing challenges with small sample sizes in between-groups zoological research and have cautioned against the inappropriate use of inferential statistics (Shepherdson, , International Zoo Yearbook, 38, 118-124; Shepherdson, Lewis, Carlstead, Bauman, & Perrin, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 147, 298-277; Swaisgood, , Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 102, 139-162; Swaisgood & Shepherdson, , Zoo Biology, 24, 499-518)...
May 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021939/automating-phase-change-lines-and-their-labels-using-microsoft-excel-r
#16
Neil Deochand
Many researchers have rallied against drawn in graphical elements and offered ways to avoid them, especially regarding the insertion of phase change lines (Deochand, Costello, & Fuqua, 2015; Dubuque, 2015; Vanselow & Bourret, 2012). However, few have offered a solution to automating the phase labels, which are often utilized in behavior analytic graphical displays (Deochand et al., 2015). Despite the fact that Microsoft Excel® is extensively utilized by behavior analysts, solutions to resolve issues in our graphing practices are not always apparent or user-friendly...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021938/are-brazilian-behavior-analysts-publishing-outside-the-box-a-survey-of-general-science-media
#17
Rodrigo Dal Ben, Fernanda Castanho Calixto, André Luiz Ferreira
Recent studies have stressed the importance of disseminating behavior analysis to a more diverse audience and have provided ways to do so effectively. General science publications offer an attractive venue for communicating with a scientifically educated public. The present study examines behavior analysis research published in Science Today and Research Fapesp , monthly general science publications published by the Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science and São Paulo Research Foundation, respectively...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021935/preliminary-evidence-on-the-efficacy-of-mindfulness-combined-with-traditional-classroom-management-strategies
#18
Erin M Kasson, Alyssa N Wilson
The current case study combined mindfulness-based strategies with a classroom behavior management treatment package, to assist teachers with managing 3rd grade student behaviors. Two teachers (Classroom teacher and Specials teacher) and six students within the same classroom were observed using a 5-min momentary time sampling procedure. A delayed multiple baseline across settings (e.g., Classroom teacher, Specials teacher) design was used to assess student behaviors across baseline (A), classroom behavior management treatment package (CBM) (B), CBM plus mindfulness (C), and CBM plus mindfulness and self-monitoring (D)...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946574/comparing-behavioral-treatment-of-feeding-difficulties-and-tube-dependence-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Tessa Taylor, Alison M Kozlowski, Peter A Girolami
BACKGROUND: Feeding disorders are multifaceted with behavioral components often contributing to the development and continuation of food refusal. In these cases, behavioral interventions are effective in treating feeding problems, even when medical or oral motor components are also involved. Although behavioral interventions for feeding problems are frequently employed with children with autism, they are less commonly discussed for children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of using applied behavior analytic interventions to address feeding difficulties and tube dependence in children with autism and children with cerebral palsy...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838582/cost-offset-associated-with-early-start-denver-model-for-children-with-autism
#20
Zuleyha Cidav, Jeff Munson, Annette Estes, Geraldine Dawson, Sally Rogers, David Mandell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) for treatment of young children with autism on health care service use and costs. METHOD: We used data from a randomized trial that tested the efficacy of the ESDM, which is based on developmental and applied behavioral analytic principles and delivered by trained therapists and parents, for 2 years. Parents were interviewed about their children's service use every 6 months from the onset of the intervention to follow-up (age 6 years)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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