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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090644/evaluation-of-a-telehealth-training-package-to-remotely-train-staff-to-conduct-a-preference-assessment
#1
William J Higgins, Kevin C Luczynski, Regina A Carroll, Wayne W Fisher, Oliver C Mudford
Recent advancements in telecommunication technologies make it possible to conduct a variety of healthcare services remotely (e.g., behavioral-analytic intervention services), thereby bridging the gap between qualified providers and consumers in isolated locations. In this study, web-based telehealth technologies were used to remotely train direct-care staff to conduct a multiple-stimulus-without-replacement preference assessment. The training package included three components: (a) a multimedia presentation; (b) descriptive feedback from previously recorded baseline sessions; and (c) scripted role-play with immediate feedback...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078688/when-things-are-not-the-same-a-review-of-research-into-relations-of-difference
#2
Siri Ming, Ian Stewart
Responding to stimuli as same and different can be considered a critical component of a variety of language and academic repertoires. Whereas responding to "sameness" and generalized identity matching (i.e., coordination) have been studied extensively, there appears to be a significant gap in behavior analytic research and educational programs with regard to nonmatching relations or relations of difference. We review research on difference relations from a variety of domains, including comparative psychology, as well as experimental, and translational behavior analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078664/behavior-analysts-in-the-war-on-poverty-a-review-of-the-use-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-education-and-employment
#3
REVIEW
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Kenneth Silverman
Poverty is a pervasive risk factor underlying poor health. Many interventions that have sought to reduce health disparities associated with poverty have focused on improving health-related behaviors of low-income adults. Poverty itself could be targeted to improve health, but this approach would require programs that can consistently move poor individuals out of poverty. Governments and other organizations in the United States have tested a diverse range of antipoverty programs, generally on a large scale and in conjunction with welfare reform initiatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#4
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920961/taking-full-responsibility-the-ethics-of-supervision-in-behavior-analytic-practice
#5
Tyra P Sellers, Shahla Alai-Rosales, Rebecca P F MacDonald
The supervision of professionals in the field of behavior analysis is multifaceted. The BACB® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysis provides guidance for effective supervisory practices, as supervision impacts both the supervisee and the consumers. The purpose of this article is (1) to discuss rationales and consequences relative to supervision issues, (2) to provide directions for professional development in each of the seven identified supervisory areas within the code, and (3) to set the occasion for critical discourse relative to supervision...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920960/towards-a-competency-based-ethical-and-socially-valid-approach-to-the-supervision-of-applied-behavior-analytic-trainees
#6
Laura B Turner, Aaron J Fischer, James K Luiselli
Competency-based supervision of trainees has recently come to the forefront of behavior analytic practice; however, there are minimal data to support the effectiveness of various supervision practices on trainee outcomes. Accordingly, this paper is intended to spark further discussion and research activity regarding the supervision of those seeking to become Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA). We present a practice model and considerations for supervising applied behavior analytic trainees consistent with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) Supervisor Training Curriculum Outline (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2012b), the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2014), and extant literature from behavior analysis and related fields...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896309/olfactory-stimulus-control-and-the-behavioral-pharmacology-of-remembering
#7
Mark Galizio
Behavior analytic approaches and techniques have much to offer to the study of remembering. There is currently great interest in the development of animal models of human memory processes in order to enhance understanding of the neurobiology of memory and treatment of dementia and related disorders. Because rodent models are so important in contemporary neuroscience and genetics, development of procedures to study various forms of memory in rodents is a point of emphasis. The sense of smell plays an important role in rodent behavior and use of olfactory stimuli has permitted demonstrations of complex forms of stimulus control that have also served as baselines for studying drug effects on remembering...
November 2016: Behav Anal (Wash D C)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749158/context-matters-systematic-observation-of-place-based-physical-activity
#8
Thomas L McKenzie
Physical activity is place-based, and being able to assess the number of people and their characteristics in specific locations is important both for public health surveillance and for practitioners in their design of physical activity spaces and programs. Although physical activity measurement has improved recently, many investigators avoid or are at a loss regarding the assessment of physical activity in explicit locations, especially in open environments where many people come and go in a seemingly indiscriminate fashion...
October 17, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622126/chaining-functional-basketball-sequences-with-embedded-conditional-discriminations-in-an-adolescent-with-autism
#9
Joseph M Lambert, Bailey A Copeland, Erica L Karp, Crystal I Finley, Nealetta J Houchins-Juarez, Jennifer R Ledford
Individuals with developmental disabilities successfully participate in fewer recreation activities, including sports activities, than their typically developing peers. Although a functional basketball-playing repertoire might increase social opportunities and physical health for these individuals, no research has outlined a behavior-analytic strategy for teaching this sport. In our study, we taught a 13-year-old male diagnosed with autism to play basketball. During phase 1, we employed discrete-trial training to establish proficiency with nine fundamental basketball skills (i...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606254/evaluating-components-of-behavior-analytic-training-programs
#10
Dana M Blydenburg, James W Diller
This study investigates the consistency of behavior-analytic training with the Behavior Analysis Certification Board's task list. A survey about the content of behavior-analytic training programs was sent to Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB)-approved training program directors. There were many program directors that felt particular areas do not have sufficient coverage (e.g., Behavioral Pharmacology, Biological Bases of Behavior, Organizational Behavior Management), and several program directors reported that their course sequence does not adequately prepare students in basic research...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606236/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-individuals-with-disabilities-a-behavior-analytic-strategy-for-addressing-private-events-in-challenging-behavior
#11
Audrey N Hoffmann, Bethany P Contreras, Casey J Clay, Michael P Twohig
Applied behavior analysts work with many populations including individuals with developmental and intellectual disabilities. Although behavior analysts have a variety of empirically supported treatments to implement when working with individuals with disabilities, sometimes, other variables may adversely impact treatment effectiveness. The degree to which problematic thoughts and feelings (private events) influence behavior may be a variable that contributes to treatment efficacy. Traditional behavior analytic services are not always equipped to successfully address the private events influencing client behavior...
March 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606191/behaviorism-and-society
#12
EDITORIAL
Jon E Krapfl
A probable list of causes for the limited acceptance of behaviorism in our society is identified. This is followed by a summary review of the proposed solutions identified in other papers in this special issue of The Behavior Analyst, most of which relate to either better marketing of either the behavior analytic process or the results achieved as a consequence. One paper proposes a more broad conception of behavior analysis. This paper endorses the solutions identified in previous papers and then goes on to propose an even more broad conception of behavior analysis and makes the point that behavior analysis is unlikely to flourish unless behavior analysts understand a good deal more about the cultural and other contextual features of the environments in which they work...
May 2016: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606172/on-the-distinction-between-the-motivating-operation-and-setting-event-concepts
#13
Melissa R Nosik, James E Carr
In recent decades, behavior analysts have generally used two different concepts to speak about motivational influences on operant contingencies: setting event and motivating operation. Although both concepts still appear in the contemporary behavior-analytic literature and were designed to address the same antecedent phenomena, the concepts are quite different. The purpose of the present article is to describe and distinguish the concepts and to illustrate their current usage.
October 2015: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606170/trends-in-behavior-analytic-gambling-research-and-treatment
#14
Mark R Dixon, Seth W Whiting, Karl F Gunnarsson, Jacob H Daar, Kyle E Rowsey
The purpose of the present review was to analyze research outcomes for all gambling studies reported in the behavior analysis literature. We used the search term "gambling" to identify articles that were published in behaviorally oriented journals between the years 1992 and 2012 and categorized the content of each article as empirical or conceptual. Next, we examined and categorized the empirical articles by inclusion of an experimental manipulation and treatment to alleviate at least some aspect of pathological gambling, participant population used, type of gambling task employed in the research, whether the participants in the study actually gambled, and the behavioral phenomena of interest...
October 2015: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606169/a-historical-perspective-on-the-future-of-behavior-science
#15
Linda J Hayes, Mitch J Fryling
Like all natural sciences, behavior science has much to offer toward an understanding of the world. The extent to which the promise of behavior science is realized, though, depends upon the extent to which we keep what we know before us. This paper considers fundamental concepts in behavior science, including the concepts of behavior, stimulation, setting conditions, and language. In considering these concepts, we revisit comments from B. F. Skinner and J. R. Kantor and also consider some areas of behavior analytic research and the implications they have for reconsidering long-held assumptions about the analysis of behavior...
October 2015: Behavior Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537068/communication-intervention-for-individuals-with-down-syndrome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Nicole Neil, Emily A Jones
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to identify effective intervention strategies for communication in individuals with Down syndrome. METHODS: We updated and extended previous reviews by examining: (1) participant characteristics; (2) study characteristics; (3) characteristics of effective interventions (e.g., strategies and intensity); (4) whether interventions are tailored to the Down syndrome behavior phenotype; and (5) the effectiveness (i.e., percentage nonoverlapping data and Cohen's d) of interventions...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507187/teaching-multiply-controlled-intraverbals-to-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
April N Kisamore, Amanda M Karsten, Charlotte C Mann
Reciprocal conversations, instructional activities, and other social interactions are replete with multiply controlled intraverbals, examples of which have been conceptualized in terms of conditional discriminations. Although the acquisition of conditional discriminations has been examined extensively in the behavior-analytic literature, little research has evaluated procedures to establish multiply controlled intraverbals. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of procedures based on conditional discrimination training on the acquisition of multiply controlled intraverbals with 7 participants who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471663/the-next-generation-of-aba-providers
#18
Mark R Dixon
The imbalance of supply and demand for behavior analytic services will change in the near future. Behavior analysts, who want to survive in an increasing competitive marketplace, will need to show quality results and better results than the next behavior analyst. Trumpet Behavioral Health is a company designed to infuse scientific research with clinical practices. In the years ahead, look to companies like Trumpet as role models of the next generation of autism service providers.
October 2014: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449267/a-comparison-of-a-modified-sequential-oral-sensory-approach-to-an-applied-behavior-analytic-approach-in-the-treatment-of-food-selectivity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Kathryn M Peterson, Cathleen C Piazza, Valerie M Volkert
Treatments of pediatric feeding disorders based on applied behavior analysis (ABA) have the most empirical support in the research literature (Volkert & Piazza, 2012); however, professionals often recommend, and caregivers often use, treatments that have limited empirical support. In the current investigation, we compared a modified sequential oral sensory approach (M-SOS; Benson, Parke, Gannon, & Muñoz, 2013) to an ABA approach for the treatment of the food selectivity of 6 children with autism. We randomly assigned 3 children to ABA and 3 children to M-SOS and compared the effects of treatment in a multiple baseline design across novel, healthy target foods...
2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398290/upon-further-reflection-view-from-the-other-side-of-windows-on-the-21st-century
#20
Sigrid S Glenn
Three points discussed in Glenn (1993) are reviewed in the context of current events: the discipline of behavior analysis as a cultural system, the importance of that discipline in the training and regulation of behavior analytic practitioners, and Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) as a cultural subsystem that links to all the other parts and therefore links the other parts to one another. Noting similarities between behavior analysis and biology, I consider the growth of biological sciences as a model for behavior analysis...
October 2014: Behavior Analyst
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