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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919815/an-acceptance-based-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-experiencing-acute-pain-a-single-subject-study
#1
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, JoAnne Dahl, Louise von Essen, Gustaf Ljungman
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910657/the-use-of-real-time-feedback-to-improve-kinematic-marker-placement-consistency-among-novice-examiners
#2
Charles A J Macaulay, Sean T Osis, Christian Clermont, Reed Ferber
Marker placement deviation has been shown to be the largest source of error in gait kinematic data, limiting the ability of clinicians and researchers to conduct between-day or between-center investigations. Prior marker-placement standardization methods are either impractical for a clinical setting or rely on expert marker placement. However, a recently developed, real-time feedback tool has been developed and shown to improve marker placement and downstream kinematic calculations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this real-time marker-placement tool could improve the consistency of gait kinematic data collected by a group of novice examiners...
September 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899825/long-term-performance-and-user-satisfaction-with-implanted-neuroprostheses-for-upright-mobility-after-paraplegia-two-to-14-year-follow-up
#3
Ronald J Triolo, Stephanie Nogan Bailey, Kevin M Foglyano, Rudi Kobetic, Lisa M Lombardo, Michael E Miller, Gilles Pinault
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the long-term (LT) (>2 years) effects of lower extremity (LE) neuroprostheses (NPs) for standing, transfers, stepping and seated stability after spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Single-subject design case series with participants acting as their own concurrent controls, including retrospective data review. SETTING: Hospital-based clinical biomechanics laboratory with experienced (>20 years in the field) research biomedical engineers, physical therapist and medical monitoring review...
September 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898168/practice-evaluation-strategies-among-social-workers-why-an-evidence-informed-dual-process-theory-still-matters
#4
Thomas D Davis
Practice evaluation strategies range in style from the formal-analytic tools of single-subject designs, rapid assessment instruments, algorithmic steps in evidence-informed practice, and computer software applications, to the informal-interactive tools of clinical supervision, consultation with colleagues, use of client feedback, and clinical experience. The purpose of this article is to provide practice researchers in social work with an evidence-informed theory that is capable of explaining both how and why social workers use practice evaluation strategies to self-monitor the effectiveness of their interventions in terms of client change...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876500/on-the-integrity-of-functional-brain-networks-in-schizophrenia-parkinson-s-disease-and-advanced-age-evidence-from-connectivity-based-single-subject-classification
#5
Rachel N Pläschke, Edna C Cieslik, Veronika I Müller, Felix Hoffstaedter, Anna Plachti, Deepthi P Varikuti, Mareike Goosses, Anne Latz, Svenja Caspers, Christiane Jockwitz, Susanne Moebus, Oliver Gruber, Claudia R Eickhoff, Kathrin Reetz, Julia Heller, Martin Südmeyer, Christian Mathys, Julian Caspers, Christian Grefkes, Tobias Kalenscher, Robert Langner, Simon B Eickhoff
Previous whole-brain functional connectivity studies achieved successful classifications of patients and healthy controls but only offered limited specificity as to affected brain systems. Here, we examined whether the connectivity patterns of functional systems affected in schizophrenia (SCZ), Parkinson's disease (PD), or normal aging equally translate into high classification accuracies for these conditions. We compared classification performance between pre-defined networks for each group and, for any given network, between groups...
September 6, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865333/assessing-mood-symptoms-through-heartbeat-dynamics-an-hrv-study-on-cardiosurgical-patients
#6
Claudio Gentili, Simone Messerotti Benvenuti, Daniela Palomba, Alberto Greco, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza
BACKGROUND: Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is reduced both in depression and in coronary heart disease (CHD) suggesting common pathophysiological mechanisms for the two disorders. Within CHD, cardiac surgery patients (CSP) with postoperative depression are at greater risk of adverse cardiac events. Therefore, CSP would especially benefit from depression early diagnosis. Here we tested whether HRV-multi-feature analysis discriminates CSP with or without depression and provides an effective estimation of symptoms severity...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861936/pivotal-response-treatment-for-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-defining-a-predictor-profile
#7
Kristin-Lee Fossum, Loriann Williams, Nancy Garon, Susan E Bryson, Isabel M Smith
Behavioral characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who respond positively to Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) have been described previously, based on single-subject design research. The present study examined several such characteristics, as well as positive affect, as predictors of expressive language (EL) gains in a representative sample of preschoolers with ASD (n = 57) enrolled in a PRT-based community early intervention program. Children's cognitive ability, positive affect, and levels of appropriate toy contact measured at the start of intervention each contributed significantly to the prediction of EL outcomes...
August 31, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856964/a-preliminary-study-on-characterisation-of-finger-interface-kinetics-using-a-pressure-and-shear-sensor-system
#8
Nicholas Hale, Maria Valero, Jinghua Tang, David Moser, Liudi Jiang
BACKGROUND: Our hands constantly handle objects throughout our lives, where a crucial component of this interaction is the detection of grasping (pressure) and slipping (shear) of the object. While there have been a large amount of studies using pressure sensors for grasping detection, synchronised pressure and shear detection at the finger/object interface is still needed. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the feasibility of a sensor system designed to detect both pressure and shear at the fingertip/object interface via a single subject test...
August 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856960/task-oriented-training-and-evaluation-at-home
#9
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Principles of experience-dependent plasticity, motor learning theory, and the theory of Occupational Adaptation coalesce into a translational model for practice in neurorehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Task Oriented Training and Evaluation at Home (TOTE Home) program completed by people with subacute stroke, and whether effects persisted 1 month after this training. A single-subject design included a maximum of 30, 1hour sessions of training conducted in participants' homes...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853621/does-power-mobility-training-impact-a-child-s-mastery-motivation-and-spectrum-of-eeg-activity-an-exploratory-project
#10
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Naomi J Aldrich, Samhita Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purposes of this exploratory project were: (1) to evaluate the impact of power mobility training with a child who has multiple, severe impairments and (2) to determine if the child's spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) activity changed during power mobility training. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject A-B-A-B research design was conducted with a four-week duration for each phase. Two target behaviours were explored: (1) mastery motivation assessed via the dimensions of mastery questionnaire (DMQ) and (2) EEG data collected under various conditions...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853297/mindfulness-based-intervention-in-elementary-school-students-with-anxiety-and-depression-a-series-of-n-of-1-trials-on-effects-and-feasibility
#11
Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Eric Lacourse, Catherine Herba, Geneviève Taylor, Leila Ben Amor
Mindfulness-based interventions constitute a promising option to address anxiety and depression in elementary school students. This study evaluated the effect of a mindfulness-based intervention on anxiety and depression in elementary school students with a diagnosis of anxiety or depression disorder. A single-subject experimental A-B-A design was used. Participants were three elementary school students from grades three and four, along with their teacher. Anxiety and depression were measured on 10 occasions at baseline, during the intervention, and at follow-up...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845076/effects-of-b-value-and-number-of-gradient-directions-on-diffusion-mri-measures-obtained-with-q-ball-imaging
#12
Kurt G Schilling, Vishwesh Nath, Justin Blaber, Robert L Harrigan, Zhaohua Ding, Adam W Anderson, Bennett A Landman
High-angular-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging (HARDI) MRI acquisitions have become common for use with higher order models of diffusion. Despite successes in resolving complex fiber configurations and probing microstructural properties of brain tissue, there is no common consensus on the optimal b-value and number of diffusion directions to use for these HARDI methods. While this question has been addressed by analysis of the diffusion-weighted signal directly, it is unclear how this translates to the information and metrics derived from the HARDI models themselves...
February 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814038/design-and-preliminary-assessment-of-vanderbilt-hand-exoskeleton
#13
Benjamin W Gasser, Daniel A Bennett, Christina M Durrough, Michael Goldfarb
This paper presents the design of a hand exoskeleton intended to enable or facilitate bimanual activities of daily living (ADLs) for individuals with chronic upper extremity hemiparesis resulting from stroke. The paper describes design of the battery-powered, self-contained exoskeleton and presents the results of initial testing with a single subject with hemiparesis from stroke. Specifically, an experiment was conducted requiring the subject to repeatedly remove the lid from a water bottle both with and without the hand exoskeleton...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814000/preliminary-study-of-a-robotic-foot-ankle-prosthesis-with-active-alignment
#14
Andrew K LaPre, Ryan D Wedge, Brian R Umberger, Frank C Sup
Robotic prosthetic foot-ankle prostheses typically aim to replace the lost joint with revolute joints aimed at replicating normal joint biomechanics. In this paper, a previously developed robotic ankle prosthesis with active alignment is evaluated. It uses a four-bar mechanism to inject positive power into the gait cycle while altering the kinematics of the ankle joint and pylon segment to reduce loading on the residual limb. In a single-subject biomechanics analysis, there was a 10% reduction in peak limb pressures and evidence of greater gait symmetry in ground reaction forces when active alignment was implemented compared to walking with the daily use prosthesis...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812419/the-effects-of-exergaming-and-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-cognition-in-a-person-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-study
#15
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Amy K McMillion, Jane E Freund
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) commonly impairs posture, gait, and cognition. Exercise in the form of aerobic activity as well as exergaming may improve motor ability and cognition in persons with PD. Exergaming and treadmill training can be a practical form of exercise within the home; however, there is minimal research on this combined multimodal intervention for persons with PD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of this combined intervention on cognition, balance, and gait in a person with PD through supervised lab sessions augmented by home-based sessions...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780903/communication-about-emotions-during-storybook-reading-effects-of-an-instruction-programme-for-children-with-down-syndrome
#16
Ji Young Na, Krista M Wilkinson
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome often have more restricted emotion expression and recognition skills than their peers who are developing typically, and potentially fewer opportunities to learn these skills. This study investigated the effect of the Strategies for Talking about Emotions as PartnerS (STEPS) programme on parents' provision of opportunities for emotion communication using visual communication supports. METHOD: The study used a single-subject multiple-baseline across participants design with three parent-child dyads...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777227/patient-reported-outcomes-from-the-united-states-clinical-trial-for-a-hybrid-cochlear-implant
#17
David C Kelsall, Renée J G Arnold, Leonard Lionnet
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in individuals with significant residual low-frequency hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) who received the hybrid cochlear implant (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized, single-arm repeated measures, single-subject design. SETTING: Tertiary centers, ambulatory care. PATIENTS: Fifty adults with severe-to-profound high-frequency SNHL and residual low-frequency hearing with aided word recognition scores between 10 and 60% in the ear to be implanted, and in the contralateral ear greater than or equal to implant ear less than or equal to 80%...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776432/managing-student-behavior-in-dual-immersion-classrooms-a-study-of-class-wide-function-related-intervention-teams
#18
Blake D Hansen, Paul Caldarella, Leslie Williams, Howard P Wills
Classroom management in dual immersion classrooms includes unique challenges. The teacher must instruct and correct in the L2 language, in which students are beginning learners, and effective classroom management strategies appropriate to the L2 context. Class-Wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) is a positive classroom management program that teaches social skills and uses group contingencies to improve behavior. The present study examined the ability of French immersion teachers to implement CW-FIT in the L2, including the effects of CW-FIT on teacher praise and reprimand rates and as well as on students' classroom behavior...
September 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774436/scgicar-spatial-concatenation-based-group-ica-with-reference-for-fmri-data-analysis
#19
Yuhu Shi, Weiming Zeng, Nizhuan Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: With the rapid development of big data, the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data analysis of multi-subject is becoming more and more important. As a kind of blind source separation technique, group independent component analysis (GICA) has been widely applied for the multi-subject fMRI data analysis. However, spatial concatenated GICA is rarely used compared with temporal concatenated GICA due to its disadvantages. METHODS: In this paper, in order to overcome these issues and to consider that the ability of GICA for fMRI data analysis can be improved by adding a priori information, we propose a novel spatial concatenation based GICA with reference (SCGICAR) method to take advantage of the priori information extracted from the group subjects, and then the multi-objective optimization strategy is used to implement this method...
September 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765791/coronary-artery-disease-presenting-with-left-upper-quadrant-pain-in-a-patient-with-chronic-cervical-tetraplegia
#20
Lianne Michelle Nier, Peter S Hansen
INTRODUCTION: This single-subject case report aims to describe and discuss a case of a patient with established C5 tetraplegia with acute coronary syndrome presenting with left upper quadrant pain and tenderness. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male with chronic C5 American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) A tetraplegia presented to the emergency department with severe left upper quadrant pain radiating across the chest to the right upper limb with associated dyspnoea and diaphoresis...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
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