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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#1
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891774/does-chemical-preconditioning-contribute-to-the-effectiveness-of-scaling-and-root-planing-an-in-vitro-pilot-investigation
#2
M Becker, J Ciupka, T Pierchalla, K R Fischer, A Friedmann
OBJECTIVES: A solution based on hypochlorite and amino acids was introduced to improve cleaning efficacy on the root surfaces. The purpose of this in vitro pilot study was to evaluate the time reduction and number of strokes required to clean untreated root surfaces in vitro. METHODS: Sixty extracted human teeth displaying areas with subgingival calculus were assigned equally to one of three treatment groups (n = 20) according to the size of occupied areas, estimated by the number of pixels...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885777/variable-time-normalization-analysis-general-graphical-elucidation-of-reaction-orders-from-concentration-profiles
#3
Jordi Burés
The recent technological evolution of reaction monitoring techniques has not been paralleled by the development of modern kinetic analyses. The analyses currently used disregard part of the data acquired, thus requiring an increased number of experiments to obtain sufficient kinetic information for a given chemical reaction. Herein, we present a simple graphical analysis method that takes advantage of the data-rich results provided by modern reaction monitoring tools. This analysis uses a variable normalization of the time scale to enable the visual comparison of entire concentration reaction profiles...
November 25, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870105/evaluating-the-effects-of-discriminability-on-behavioral-persistence-during-and-following-time-based-reinforcement
#4
Valdeep Saini, Wayne W Fisher
With four children with autism we evaluated a refinement to time-based reinforcement designed to reduce response persistence when we simultaneously introduced time-based reinforcement and extinction. We further evaluated whether this refinement mitigated response recurrence when all reinforcer deliveries ceased during an extinction-only disruptor phase. The refinement involved increasing the saliency of the contingency change from contingent reinforcement (during baseline) to time-based reinforcement by delivering different colored reinforcers during time-based reinforcement...
November 2016: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869491/penile-self-injection-with-foreign-materials
#5
U Ahmed, A Freeman, A Kirkham, D J Ralph, S Minhas, A Muneer
Injection of the subcutaneous tissues of the penis for enlargement of penile girth has been practised for many years by laypeople and medical practitioners alike. However, with recognition of the complications, the practice has died out. We report a series of five patients who presented having injected foreign materials into the subcutaneous tissues of their penises, including paraffin and mineral oils. Our patients had a variable time course of presentation ranging from 1 day following injection to over 26 years...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859618/in-vivo-measurement-of-a-new-source-of-contrast-the-dipolar-relaxation-time-t1d-using-a-modified-inhomogeneous-magnetization-transfer-ihmt-sequence
#6
Gopal Varma, Olivier M Girard, Valentin H Prevost, Aaron K Grant, Guillaume Duhamel, David C Alsop
PURPOSE: This paper describes a technique that can be used in vivo to measure the dipolar relaxation time, T1D , of macromolecular protons contributing to magnetization transfer (MT) in tissues and to produce quantitative T1D maps. THEORY AND METHODS: The technique builds upon the inhomogeneous MT (ihMT) technique that is particularly sensitive to tissue components with long T1D . A standard ihMT experiment was altered to introduce a variable time for switching between positive and negative offset frequencies for RF saturation...
November 17, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843347/the-danish-quality-database-for-prehospital-emergency-medical-services
#7
REVIEW
Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Peter Anthony Berlac, Henrik Nielsen, Christian Fynbo Christiansen
AIM OF DATABASE: The aim of the Danish quality database for prehospital emergency medical services (QEMS) is to assess, monitor, and improve the quality of prehospital emergency medical service care in the entire prehospital patient pathway. The aim of this review is to describe the design and the implementation of QEMS. STUDY POPULATION: The study population consists of all "112 patient contacts" defined as emergency patients, where the entrance to health care is a 112 call forwarded to one of the five regional emergency medical coordination centers in Denmark since January 1, 2014...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836820/risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-and-statins-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Gulsen Ozen, Sofia Pedro, Marie E Holmqvist, Michael Avery, Frederick Wolfe, Kaleb Michaud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of incident diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the impact of disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) and statin treatments. METHODS: We studied patients with RA and ≥1 year participation in the National Data Bank for Rheumatic Diseases without baseline DM from 2000 through 2014. DM was determined by self-report or initiating DM medication. DMARDs were categorised into four mutually exclusive groups: (1) methotrexate monotherapy (reference); (2) any abatacept with or without synthetic DMARDs (3) any other DMARDs with methotrexate; (4) all other DMARDs without methotrexate; along with separate statin, glucocorticoid and hydroxychloroquine (yes/no) variables...
November 11, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833274/effect-of-external-volume-expansion-on-the-survival-of-fat-grafts
#9
Raghuveer Reddy, Subramania Iyer, Mohit Sharma, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, A K K Unni, P Reshmi, Rakesh Sharma, Chaya Prasad
INTRODUCTION: External volume expansion (EVE) is one method, which has been utilised for increasing the survival of adipose tissue grafts. EVE releases positive pressure from the graft and also induces intense levels of edema that decreases diffusion of metabolites essential for graft survival initially. The ideal timing of external volume expansion in relation to the injection of the fat to facilitate survival is not yet clear. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the efficacy of external volume expansion applied at variable time points in relation to the injection of the fat...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829521/a-randomized-trial-to-assess-advancement-of-enteral-feedings-following-surgery-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#10
Troy A Markel, Melissa R Scott, Samantha M Stokes, Alan P Ladd
PURPOSE: The rate of feeding advancement following surgery for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) affects length of stay. We hypothesized that: 1) a relaxed feeding regimen following pyloromyotomy would allow infants to achieve feeding goals more quickly without affecting postoperative emesis, and 2) preoperative metabolic derangements would impair the ability to advance feedings following pyloromyotomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized trial compared two postoperative feeding methods...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820694/degradation-potential-of-bulk-versus-incrementally-applied-and-indirect-composites-color-microhardness-and-surface-deterioration
#11
M El Gezawi, D Kaisarly, H Al-Saleh, A ArRejaie, F Al-Harbi, K H Kunzelmann
This study investigated the color stability and microhardness of five composites exposed to four beverages with different pH values. Composite discs were produced (n=10); Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE) and Filtek P90 (3M ESPE) were applied in two layers (2 mm, 20 seconds), and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TetricBF, Ivoclar Vivadent) and SonicFill (Kerr) were applied in bulk (4 mm) and then light cured (40 seconds, Ortholux-LED, 1600 mW/cm(2)). Indirect composite Sinfony (3M ESPE) was applied in two layers (2 mm) and cured (Visio system, 3M ESPE)...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795950/is-there-a-weekend-effect-in-hip-fracture-patients-presenting-to-a-united-kingdom-teaching-hospital
#12
John Abraham Mathews, Madhavi Vindlacheruvu, Vikas Khanduja
AIM: To compare mortality and time-to-surgery of patients admitted with hip fracture to our teaching hospital on weekdays vs weekends. METHODS: Data was prospectively collected and retrospectively analysed for 816 hip fracture patients. Multivariate logistic regression was carried out on 3 binary outcomes (time-to-surgery < 36 h; 30-d mortality; 120-d mortality), using the explanatory variables time-of-admission; age; gender; American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) grade; abbreviated mental test score (AMTS); fracture type; accommodation admitted from; walking ability outdoors; accompaniment outdoors and season...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783504/the-remarkable-character-of-porphobilinogen-synthase
#13
Eileen K Jaffe
Porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS), also known as 5-aminolevulinate dehydratase, is an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of all tetrapyrroles, which function in respiration, photosynthesis, and methanogenesis. Throughout evolution, PBGS adapted to a diversity of cellular niches and evolved to use an unusual variety of metal ions both for catalytic function and to control protein multimerization. With regard to the active site, some PBGSs require Zn(2+); a subset of those, including human PBGS, contain a constellation of cysteine residues that acts as a sink for the environmental toxin Pb(2+)...
October 26, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761692/plausible-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-of-resveratrol-and-caffeic-acid-against-chronic-stress-induced-insulin-resistance-in-mice
#14
Suprithi Choudhary, Ashish Mourya, Swati Ahuja, Sangeeta Pilkhwal Sah, Anil Kumar
Stress is associated with many diseases and dysfunctions, such as depression, cardiovascular alterations, immunological function disorder, inflammation, obesity, and insulin resistance. Stress-induced inflammation is associated with the genesis of insulin resistance. Stress activates hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, Renin Angiotensin System pathway, and sympatho-adrenal system, all of which are involved in the production of cytokines, causing the negative downregulation of insulin signaling either by phosphorylating serine residues of IRS or by inhibiting the activity of Akt leading to insulin resistance...
December 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747826/seasonal-and-geographic-variation-in-adverse-event-reporting
#15
Osvaldo Marrero, Eric Y Hung, Manfred Hauben
BACKGROUND: Many illnesses demonstrate seasonal and geographic variations. Pharmacovigilance is unique among public health surveillance systems in terms of the clinical diversity of the events under surveillance. Since many pharmacovigilance signal detection methodologies are geared towards looking for increased frequency of spontaneous adverse drug event (ADE) reporting over variable time frames, seasonality of ADEs may have implications for signal detection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a set of illnesses that might be expected to display seasonality in general, did so when spontaneously reported as ADEs...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721607/a-relationship-between-cd4-count-and-oral-manifestations-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-urban-population
#16
Gadavalli Vera Venkata Satyakiran, Radhika Manoj Bavle, Glory Alexander, Saritha Rao, Reshma Venugopal, Sreelatha S Hosthor
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719867/posttraumatic-functional-movement-disorders
#17
C Ganos, M J Edwards, K P Bhatia
Traumatic injury to the nervous system may account for a range of neurologic symptoms. Trauma location and severity are important determinants of the resulting symptoms. In severe head injury with structural brain abnormalities, the occurrence of trauma-induced movement disorders, most commonly hyperkinesias such as tremor and dystonia, is well recognized and its diagnosis straightforward. However, the association of minor traumatic events, which do not lead to significant persistent structural brain damage, with the onset of movement disorders is more contentious...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708557/plasma-degradome-affected-by-variable-storage-of-human-blood
#18
Maria Kaisar, Leon F A van Dullemen, Marie-Laëtitia Thézénas, M Zeeshan Akhtar, Honglei Huang, Sandrine Rendel, Philip D Charles, Roman Fischer, Rutger J Ploeg, Benedikt M Kessler
BACKGROUND: The successful application of-omics technologies in the discovery of novel biomarkers and targets of therapeutic interventions is facilitated by large collections of well curated clinical samples stored in bio banks. Mining the plasma proteome holds promise to improve our understanding of disease mechanisms and may represent a source of biomarkers. However, a major confounding factor for defining disease-specific proteomic signatures in plasma is the variation in handling and processing of clinical samples leading to protein degradation...
2016: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670238/delusional-ideation-during-the-perinatal-period-in-a-community-sample
#19
Anna L MacKinnon, Mariam Naguib, Helena J Barr, Anna Levinsson, Stephanie Robins, Nancy Feeley, Barbara Hayton, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Ian Gold
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of mental health problems during the perinatal period, little research has examined psychotic symptoms in a community sample across pregnancy and the postpartum. Exposure to environmental risk factors, and immigration in particular, are associated with increased risk for psychotic disorders. The current investigation examined whether psychosocial risk and immigrant status would predict levels of delusional ideation across the perinatal period when controlling for depression, anxiety, and demographic factors...
September 23, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631212/a-case-report-of-motesanib-induced-biliary-sludge-formation-causing-obstructive-cholangitis-with-acute-pancreatitis-treated-by-endoscopic-sphincterotomy
#20
Jay Song, Sung Bum Kim, Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim, Kyung Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder toxicity was reported in most motesanib studies with varying frequency and at variable times after initiation of treatment. METHOD AND RESULTS: A 44-year-old man was admitted due to severe epigastric pain. The patient was diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer 9 months ago and received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with motesanib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin. Ultrasonography showed a large amount of sludge within gallbladder. Computed tomography scan demonstrated diffuse dilatation of biliary tree with distended gallbladder without evidence of stone and mild pancreatic swelling...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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