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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922254/comparison-of-two-different-forms-of-sevoflurane-for-anaesthesia-maintenance-and-recovery
#1
Yonca Yanli, Mehtap Ozdemir, Nurten Bakan, Cafer T Yuruk, Ahmet Yildirim, Ali O Cetinkaya
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is a commonly used inhalation agent. There are two forms of sevoflurane in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of original versus generic sevoflurane products on hemodynamics, time to reach 1 MAC level, inspired and expired sevoflurane levels and postoperative recovery profile. METHODS: Seventy patients undergoing general anaesthesia were divided into two groups as Group Sevo or Group Sojo. After intravenous induction of anaesthesia (with the same drugs in both groups), inhalation anaesthetic was started...
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922238/parental-perception-and-child-s-nutritional-status
#2
S Songül Yalçın, Esra Serdaroğlu, O Tolga İnce
Childhood obesity is a health hazard increasing worldwide. Preschool period which is under supervision of parents is a critical period to detect overweight and take precautions. We studied the factors affecting parental estimation of their preschool child's weight. Three hundred sixty seven mothers completed questionnaires consisting of child's and parents' anthropometric measurements, parents' assessment of their child's and their own weight status, and general information about their lifestyle. Mothers also chose their wish for current and future body image of their child from child drawings representing percentiles...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922237/the-comparison-of-general-movements-assessment-and-neurological-examination-during-early-infancy
#3
Büşra Kepenek-Varol, Mine Çalışkan, Zeynep İnce, Burak Tatlı, Emine Eraslan, Asuman Çoban
This prospective single-blinded study was performed to evaluate general movements (GMs) in group of high-risk, low-birth-weight and preterm infants and to compare results with neurologic examination. All infants' neurologic examinations, Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM) and Bayley-III Scale were performed at the corrected age of 12 months. A total of 22 infants were included. Eight infants (group-1) (mean: 31.6±3.29 weeks, range: 25-36 weeks) had normal GMs in all recordings and were ultimately evaluated as "normal"; 12 (group-2) (mean: 31...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922221/commentary-the-tyranny-of-time-and-the-reality-principle
#4
Russell Gersten
Each of the five articles in this special issue gets "into the weeds" in terms of studying actual classroom or school implementation of evidence-based or promising practices. Virtually all confront the issue of logistics and establishing an infrastructure for ensuring adequate implementation. In general, those studies that ask teachers to change their practice, be it core classwide instruction (Wanzek & Vaughn, this issue) or the whole-class adolescent literacy interventions described in LaRusso et al. (this issue) experienced a good deal more in the way of implementation challenges than those that provided schools with extra services and were able to hire their own personnel to train and oversee as part of an efficacy trial...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922162/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-in-mountain-guides-high-prevalence-and-lack-of-awareness-warrant-development-of-evidence-based-prevention-tools
#5
Alexander Zink, Elisabeth Koch, Florian Seifert, Markus Rotter, Christoph D Spinner, Tilo Biedermann
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer in Switzerland and Europe. The main causative factor is exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which puts outdoor workers in general at a higher risk of developing NMSC than indoor workers. However, few studies have clinically examined the risk of developing NMSC to outdoor workers, especially mountain guides. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of NMSC and corresponding precancerous lesions, and the associated risk behaviour of mountain and ski guides in order to develop future prevention programmes...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922153/-radioiodine-therapy-for-benign-thyroid-diseases-version-5-german-guideline
#6
Markus Dietlein, Frank Grünwald, Matthias Schmidt, Peter Schneider, Frederik A Verburg, Markus Luster
The version 5 of the guideline for radioiodine therapy of benign thyroid disorders is an update of the version 4, which was published by the German Society of Nuclear Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin, DGN) in co-ordination with the German Society of Endocrinology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie, DGE, Sektion Schilddrüse) and the German Society of General- and Visceral-Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie, DGAV) in 2007. This guideline was harmonized with the recommendations of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM)...
December 6, 2016: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922139/are-low-sun-exposure-and-or-vitamin-d-risk-factors-for-type-1-diabetes
#7
K M Miller, P H Hart, N H de Klerk, E A Davis, R M Lucas
The global variation in type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence rates is one of the most significant observed for any non-communicable disease. Geographical patterns in incidence suggest that low sun exposure may contribute to the wide disparity, with incidence rates generally increasing with distance from the Equator. T1D development is associated with hyperactivity of the adaptive immune system leading to autoimmune destruction of insulin-secreting pancreatic β cells. Both exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and vitamin D, with their known immunosuppressive effects, have the potential to delay or inhibit the disease...
December 6, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922085/diversity-of-major-urinary-proteins-mups-in-wild-house-mice
#8
Michaela Thoß, Viktoria Enk, Hans Yu, Ingrid Miller, Kenneth C Luzynski, Boglarka Balint, Steve Smith, Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli, Dustin J Penn
Major urinary proteins (MUPs) are often suggested to be highly polymorphic, and thereby provide unique chemical signatures used for individual and genetic kin recognition; however, studies on MUP variability have been lacking. We surveyed populations of wild house mice (Mus musculus musculus), and examined variation of MUP genes and proteins. We sequenced several Mup genes (9 to 11 loci) and unexpectedly found no inter-individual variation. We also found that microsatellite markers inside the MUP cluster show remarkably low levels of allelic diversity, and significantly lower than the diversity of markers flanking the cluster or other markers in the genome...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922084/the-impact-of-cold-spells-on-mortality-and-effect-modification-by-cold-spell-characteristics
#9
Lijun Wang, Tao Liu, Mengjue Hu, Weilin Zeng, Yonghui Zhang, Shannon Rutherford, Hualiang Lin, Jianpeng Xiao, Peng Yin, Jiangmei Liu, Cordia Chu, Shilu Tong, Wenjun Ma, Maigeng Zhou
In China, the health impact of cold weather has received little attention, which limits our understanding of the health impacts of climate change. We collected daily mortality and meteorological data in 66 communities across China from 2006 to 2011. Within each community, we estimated the effect of cold spell exposure on mortality using a Distributed Lag Nonlinear Model (DLNM). We also examined the modification effect of cold spell characteristics (intensity, duration, and timing) and individual-specific factors (causes of death, age, gender and education)...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922021/the-colored-hanbury-brown-twiss-effect
#10
B Silva, C Sánchez Muñoz, D Ballarini, A González-Tudela, M de Giorgi, G Gigli, K West, L Pfeiffer, E Del Valle, D Sanvitto, F P Laussy
The Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect is one of the celebrated phenomenologies of modern physics that accommodates equally well classical (interferences of waves) and quantum (correlations between indistinguishable particles) interpretations. The effect was discovered in the late thirties with a basic observation of Hanbury Brown that radio-pulses from two distinct antennas generate signals on the oscilloscope that wiggle similarly to the naked eye. When Hanbury Brown and his mathematician colleague Twiss took the obvious step to propose bringing the effect in the optical range, they met with considerable opposition as single-photon interferences were deemed impossible...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#11
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921632/access-to-healthcare-services-during-incarceration-among-female-inmates
#12
Rabia Ahmed, Cybele Angel, Rebecca Martel, Diane Pyne, Louanne Keenan
Purpose Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, in addition to substance use disorder and mental health illness, when compared to the general population ( Binswanger et al., 2009 ; Fazel et al., 2006 ; Fuentes, 2013; Kouyoumdjian et al., 2012 ). Women often enter the correctional system in poor health, making incarceration an opportunity to address health issues. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to accessing health services that female inmates face during incarceration, the consequences to their health, and implications for correctional health services delivery...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921407/trefoil-factor-family-1-is-involved-in-airway-remodeling-of-mustard-lung
#13
Mohammad Reza Nourani, Zahra Farajpour, Ali Najafi, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi
Human airway is generally destructed by inhaled factors and is the barrier to the external environment and has a crucial role in protection of the internal homeostasis of the lung. Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical warfare that capable of producing severe chemical injuries primarily in the lungs. Trefoil factor family (TFFs) plays major roles in epithelial repair and homeostasis, particularly in the lung. This study attempted to verify the role of TFFs in airway that induced by sulfur mustard. Fifteen patients exposed to SM and 10 non-exposed subjects were enrolled in this study...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921378/origin-of-the-excellent-performance-of-ru-on-nitrogen-doped-carbon-nanofibers-for-co2-hydrogenation-to-ch4
#14
Laura Roldán, Yanila Marco, Enrique García-Bordejé
Carbon materials have rarely been used as support for CO2 methanation, which is usually carried out using catalysts supported on metal oxides. Here, it is shown that Ru nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers (NCNF) provide competitive CH4 production rate and stability compared to Al2 O3 -supported catalysts. Contrary to the general belief about the inert nature of carbon supports, it is demonstrated that NCNF is a non-innocent spectator in CO2 methanation due to its ability to store a high amount of COad reaction intermediates...
December 6, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921367/dietary-patterns-in-liberian-refugees-in-buduburam-ghana
#15
Wilhelmenia L Ross, Daniel F Gallego-Pérez, Anna Lartey, Adam Sandow, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Amber Hromi-Fiedler
Previous research suggests that acculturation (i.e., exposure and assimilation to local culture) is associated with changes in dietary patterns among immigrants. This study investigates this association in a refugee population using time in refugee settlement as a proxy for acculturation. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a systematic sample to (a) identify dietary patterns in Liberian refugees and Ghanaians living in or near a refugee settlement, (b) compare adherence to these dietary patterns between groups, and (c) investigate the association between acculturation and dietary patterns in Liberian refugees...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921356/time-processing-impairments-in-preschoolers-at-risk-of-developing-difficulties-in-mathematics
#16
Valentina Tobia, Luca Rinaldi, Gian Marco Marzocchi
The occurrence of time processing problems in individuals with Development Dyscalculia (DD) has favored the view of a general magnitude system devoted to both numerical and temporal information. Yet, this scenario has been partially challenged by studies indicating that time difficulties can be attributed to poor calculation or counting skills, which can support reasoning on time in school-aged children and adults. Here, we tackle this debate by exploring the performance of young children before they fully develop the symbolic number system...
December 5, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921347/objective-snoring-time-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-apneic-female-snorers
#17
Jinyoung Kim, Allan I Pack, Barbara J Riegel, Julio A Chirinos, Alexandra Hanlon, Seung Ku Lee, Chol Shin
Controversy persists about whether snoring can affect atherosclerotic changes in adjacent vessels, independently of obstructive sleep apnea and other cardiovascular risk factors. This study examined the independent association between snoring and carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in non-apneic snorers and non-snorers. We studied 180 non-apneic snorers and non-snorers participating in a full-night home-based sleep study. Snoring sound was measured objectively by a microphone. Based on snoring time across the night, participants were classified as non-snorers (snoring time: 0%), mild snorers (1-25%) and moderate to heavy snorers (≥25%)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921334/synacton-and-individual-activity-of-synthetic-and-natural-corticotropins
#18
T V Vyunova, L A Andreeva, K V Shevchenko, N F Myasoedov
Short endogenous peptides represent one of the most important constituents of the mammalian body's general regulatory system. Some synthesized analogs and modified natural peptides (eg, corticotropins) also show high biological activity. Nevertheless, the mechanism of action of regulatory peptides remains unclear. To explain the effects of peptides of intermolecular processes, the hypothesis that a synactonal mechanism underlies the action of regulatory peptides, exemplified by the heptapeptide Semax, has been proposed...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921329/preventive-dental-visiting-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-theory-explaining-how-inequalities-arise
#19
Rebecca V Harris, Andrew Pennington, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: In many countries, those with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by poor oral health. This can be attributed, at least in part, to differences in preventive dental visiting. While several theories have been applied to the area, they generally fail to capture the recursive nature of dental visiting behaviour, and fall short of informing the design of complex interventions to tackle inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and synthesis of theory in order to provide an overview of the pathways which bring about socioeconomic inequalities in early dental visiting, and identify possible intervention points...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921320/cardiac-effects-of-amiselimod-compared-with-fingolimod-and-placebo-results-of-a-randomised-parallel-group-phase-i-study-in-healthy-subjects
#20
Tomohiko Harada, Darren Wilbraham, Guillemette de La Borderie, Shinsuke Inoue, Jim Bush, A John Camm
AIM: Amiselimod (MT-1303) is a selective sphingosine 1-phosphate 1 (S1P1 ) receptor modulator which is currently being developed for the treatment of various autoimmune diseases. Unlike some other S1P receptor modulators, amiselimod seemed to show a favourable cardiac safety profile in pre-clinical, phase I and II studies. The aim of this study was to characterise the cardiac effects of amiselimod by directly comparing it with fingolimod and placebo. METHODS: Eighty-one (81) healthy subjects aged 18-55 years were equally randomised to receive amiselimod 0...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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