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Abby Matthews, Michael Chesser, Jasminder Mand, Allen Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Andreas Mandelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
William Peppard, Cole Lightfoot, Corinne Bertolaccini, Barrett Mand, Thomas Carver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Merve Kaplan, Tugba Kilic, Gunnur Guler, Jihane Mandli, Aziz Amine, Mehmet Ozsoz
In the proposed study, for the first time, sensitive electrochemical detection of a breast cancer biomarker microRNA (miRNA), mir-21 was achieved via electropolymerized polypyrrole (PPy) modified pencil graphite electrodes (PPy/PGE). The detection of hybridization of electrochemically doped probe miRNA, antimir-21, with its complementary target, mir-21 was monitored by either electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) via comparison of charge transfer resistance (Rct) values before and after hybridization or by electrochemical reduction signal of an hybridization indicator, Meldola's blue (MDB)...
September 14, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tegan Grace, Wendy Oddy, Max Bulsara, Beth Hands
BACKGROUND: While there is a large body of work supporting the importance of early feeding practices on cognitive, immunity, behavioural and mental outcomes, few longitudinal studies have focused on motor development. The relationship between duration of breast feeding and motor development outcomes at 10, 14, and 17years were examined. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Study. There were 2868 live births recorded and children were examined for motor proficiency at 10 (M=10...
November 4, 2016: Human Movement Science
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Sarah B Hales, Danielle E Schoffman, Homay Valafar, Keith Brazendale, R Glenn Weaver, Michael W Beets, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Trisha Mandes, James R Hébert, Sara Wilcox, Andrew Hester, Matthew J McGrievy
Both mobile apps and responsive-design websites (web apps) can be used to deliver mobile health (mHealth) interventions, but it can be difficult to discern which to use in research. The goal of this paper is to present four case studies from behavioral interventions that developed either a mobile app or a web app for research and present an information table to help researchers determine which mobile option would work best for them. Four behavioral intervention case studies (two developed a mobile app, and two developed a web app) presented include time, cost, and expertise...
November 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Florian Debus, Rolf Lefering, Philipp Lechler, Tim Schwarting, Benjamin Bockmann, Erwin Strasser, Carsten Mand, Steffen Ruchholtz, Michael Frink
INTRODUCTION: Hemorrhagic shock remains one of the most common causes of death in severely injured patients. It is unknown to what extent the presence of a blood bank in a trauma center influences therapy and outcome in such patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed prospectively recorded data from the TraumaRegister DGU® and the TraumaNetzwerk DGU®. Inclusion criteria were Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 16, primarily treated patients, and hospital admission 2 years before or after the audit process...
2016: PloS One
Anders Mølgaard Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Andreas Mandelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Bhusan K Kuntal, Sharmila S Mande
MOTIVATION: The majority of data generated routinely from various experiments are essentially multivariate, often categorized with multiple experimental metadata. Analyzing such results with interactive visualizations often yields interesting and intuitive results which otherwise remains undisclosed. RESULTS: In this paper, we present Web-Igloo - a GUI based interactive 'feature decomposition independent' multivariate data visualization platform. Web-Igloo is likely to be a valuable contribution in the field of visual data mining, especially for researchers working with but not limited to multi-omics data...
October 22, 2016: Bioinformatics
Andreas Mandelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Edem Dovlo, Bahman Lashkari, Sung Soo Sean Choi, Andreas Mandelis, Wei Shi, Fei-Fei Liu
Overcoming the limitations of conventional linear spectroscopy used in multispectral photoacoustic imaging, wherein a linear relationship is assumed between the absorbed optical energy and the absorption spectra of the chromophore at a specific location, is crucial for obtaining accurate spatially-resolved quantitative functional information by exploiting known chromophore-specific spectral characteristics. This study introduces a non-invasive phase-filtered differential photoacoustic technique, wavelength-modulated differential photoacoustic radar (WM-DPAR) imaging that addresses this issue by eliminating the effect of the unknown wavelength-dependent fluence...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
K Conallen, P Reed
BACKGROUND: Two procedures were developed to teach individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders labels (tacts) for various private events (emotions): Study 1 attempted to distinguish them from pure tacts and mands (requests); and Study 2 attempted to train initiating a conversation with grammatically correct subject-verb-comment construction. METHODS: A multiple treatment reversal design was used in both studies, followed by a probe to see if the tacts were used across novel settings...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Anubhav Das, Meenakshi Srinivasan, Tarini Shankar Ghosh, Sharmila S Mande
Humans are exposed to numerous xenobiotics, a majority of which are in the form of pharmaceuticals. Apart from human enzymes, recent studies have indicated the role of the gut bacterial community (microbiome) in metabolizing xenobiotics. However, little is known about the contribution of the plethora of gut microbiome in xenobiotic metabolism. The present study reports the results of analyses on xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes in various human gut microbiomes. A total of 397 available gut metagenomes from individuals of varying age groups from 8 nationalities were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Claudia Campos, Yanerys Leon, Andressa Sleiman, Beatriz Urcuyo
One potential limitation of functional communication training (FCT) is that after the functional communication response (FCR) is taught, the response may be emitted at high rates or inappropriate times. Thus, schedule thinning is often necessary. Previous research has demonstrated that multiple schedules can facilitate schedule thinning by establishing discriminative control of the communication response while maintaining low rates of problem behavior. To date, most applied research evaluating the clinical utility of multiple schedules has done so in the context of behavior maintained by positive reinforcement (e...
September 27, 2016: Behavior Modification
Acheampong Yaw Amoateng, Phidelia Theresa Doegah, Christopher Udomboso
This study used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey to investigate the association between selected socio-demographic factors and dietary behaviour as measured by fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of 6139 young people aged 15-34 years in Ghana. Overall, fruit and vegetable consumption was low in young people, but females were likely to consume more fruit and vegetables than their male counterparts. Respondents from the Mande ethnic group, those who resided in rural areas and those living in the Brong/Ahafo, Ashanti and the Eastern regions consumed more fruit and vegetables than those from other regions...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Robert C Pennington, Melinda Jones Ault, Dominic G Schmuck, Jonathan L Burt, Laura L Ferguson
The authors reviewed 10 years of research literature on teaching mands to individuals with developmental disabilities. Articles were selected from journals associated with three professional organizations (e.g., Association for Behavior Analysis, Council for Exceptional Children, and American Speech and Hearing Association). Findings were reported as frequencies of publication across journals and sets of journal. Furthermore, we reported on the several contextual variables reported within each study (i.e., age of participants, setting, change agent, response topography, generalization)...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Aare Kuusik, Katrin Jõgar, Luule Metspalu, Angela Ploomi, Enno Merivee, Anne Must, Ingrid H Williams, Külli Hiiesaar, Ivar Sibul, Marika Mänd
The opening-closing rhythms of the subelytral cavity and associated gas exchange patterns were monitored in diapausing Leptinotarsa decemlineata beetles. Measurements were made by means of a flow-through CO2 analyser and a coulometric respirometer. Under the elytra of these beetles there is a more or less tightly enclosed space, the subelytral cavity (SEC). When the cavity was tightly closed, air pressure inside was sub-atmospheric, due to oxygen uptake into the tracheae by the beetle. In about half of the beetles regular opening-closing rhythms of the SEC were observed visually and also recorded; these beetles displayed a discontinuous gas exchange (DGE) pattern...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Jessica N Torelli, Joseph M Lambert, M Alexandra Da Fonte, Katherine N Denham, Thomas M Jedrzynski, Nealetta J Houchins-Juarez
We assessed acquisition and preference for various mand topographies in the presence of establishing operations that, historically, evoked the aggression of a child with autism. First, we implemented functional communication training (FCT) and reinforced picture exchange, iPad®, or GoTalk® activations in a multi-element format (noting differences in aggression and/or mand independence across conditions). Then, we conducted a concurrent-operant mand preference assessment. Finally, we presented assessment results to the subject's mother and asked her to indicate her own preference...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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