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Ming-Hsun Wu, Chiung-Nien Chen, Kuen-Yuan Chen, Ming-Chih Ho, Hao-Chih Tai, Yu-Hsin Wang, Argon Chen, King-Jen Chang
Hypoechogenicity has been described qualitatively and is potentially subject to intra- and inter-observer variability. The aim of this study was to clarify whether quantitative echoic indexes (EIs) are useful for the detection of malignant thyroid nodules. Overall, 333 participants with 411 nodules were included in the final analysis. Quantification of echogenicity was performed using commercial software (AmCAD-UT; AmCad BioMed, Taiwan). The coordinates of three defined regions, the nodule, thyroid parenchyma, and strap muscle regions, were recorded in the database separately for subsequent analysis...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dali Nadida, Ali Amal, Marzouk Ines, Moussa Makram, Manamani Amira, Ben Farhat Leila, Hendaoui Lotfi
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to explain the clinical features and the imaging findings of primitive epiploic appendagitis in 12 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients were examined in 2 University hospitals between January 2011 and June 2016. Their medical charts have been reviewed. Nine patients have undergone enhanced CT examination and only two among them, have had at first an abdominal ultrasound. RESULTS: The age ranged between 36 and 65 years old...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kosuke Kondo, Masaaki Nemoto, Naoyuki Harada, Daisuke Fukushima, Hiroyuki Masuda, Nobuo Sugo
Using a stiffness meter, we quantitatively measured the stiffness of fresh plaques that had been excised by carotid endarterectomy. The objective of this study was to clarify the correlation between plaque stiffness and pre-operative carotid ultrasonographic findings, and predict the stiffness of plaques before surgery by comparison with the stiffness of common items. The study population comprised 44 patients (44 lesions) who had undergone carotid endarterectomy at our institution between December 2009 and October 2014...
September 29, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Teruyoshi Kageji, Takeshi Miyamoto, Yumiko Kotani, Tsuyoshi Kaji, Yoshimi Bando, Yoshifumi Mizobuchi, Kohei Nakajima, Shinji Nagahiro
PURPOSE: Craniopharyngiomas are 5-10 % of all pediatric tumors, but are seldomly encountered in the perinatal period. Only seven instances of a truly antenatal diagnosis of a congenital craniopharyngioma that subsequently underwent radical surgery have been reported. We present the case of a patient who received the diagnosis of a suprasellar tumor during the prenatal period and received radical surgery. METHODS: We report a case of a neonatal craniopharyngioma treated surgically...
September 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Mariko Kumagawa, Naoki Matsumoto, Yukinobu Watanabe, Midori Hirayama, Takao Miura, Hiroshi Nakagawara, Masahiro Ogawa, Shunichi Matsuoka, Mitsuhiko Moriyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Masahiko Sugitani
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) was recently classified into four pathological subtypes. There have been few studies describing the findings of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) of each type. Our case concerns a 78-year-old man who had undergone routine medical check-ups for hepatitis C for 11 years. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a 28 mm, hypo-echoic mass in the segment 4 of the liver. His integrating amount of drinking was 670 kg convert into ethanol. CEUS with Sonazoid demonstrated mild uniform hypo-enhancement with inflow of microbubbles from the periphery of the tumor in the arterial phase, and heterogeneously hypo-enhancement in the post vascular phase...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Erdal Alkan, Yeşim Sağlıcan, Ahmet Oğuz Özkanlı, Mevlana Derya Balbay
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH, Masson's Tumor) of the kidney is an unusual, benign vascular lesion. A rare case of recurrent IPEH in the kidney was presented in this article. A 50-year-old male with a diagnosis of a suspicious mass in the left kidney was referred to our center for robotic partial nephrectomy. Robotic zero ischemia partial nephrectomy was performed due to the suspicion of a renal malignancy. On the basis of the histopathological results, the patient was diagnosed as IPEH...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Francesco Esposito, Marco Di Serafino, Concetta Ambrosio, Maria Rita Panico, Francesca Malacario, Carmela Mercogliano, Carmine Pecoraro, Patrizia Oresta
PURPOSE: Over the past two decades, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has emerged as the first-choice dialysis modality in children awaiting for transplantation. Despite the improvements observed in catheter survival over the past several years, the obstruction is one of the reasons for immediate catheter non-function. This study assessed usefulness of ultrasound (US) in visualizing the obstruction of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) catheter and identifying the etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2012, 38 patients (20 M, 18 F) were treated with CPD and examined with US...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
M Alice Shillingsburg, Cassondra M Gayman, William Walton
Recent research on teaching mands for information to children with language deficits has focused on manipulating establishing operations (EOs). However, only a few of those studies have programmed both EO conditions (in which information is needed) and abolishing operation (AO) conditions (in which information has already been provided) to ensure functional use of the mand for information. Shillingsburg, Bowen, Valentino, and Pierce (Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 47, 136-150, 2014) provided a successful demonstration of differential responding between EO and AO conditions demonstrating control of the response by the relevant EO...
June 2016: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Joseph Vedora, Erin Conant
Several researchers have compared the effectiveness of tact or textual prompts to echoic prompts for teaching intraverbal behavior to young children with autism. We extended this line of research by comparing the effectiveness of visual (textual or tact) prompts to echoic prompts to teach intraverbal responses to three young adults with autism. An adapted alternating treatments design was used with 2 to 3 comparisons for each participant. The results were mixed and did not reveal a more effective prompting procedure across participants, suggesting that the effectiveness of a prompting tactic may be idiosyncratic...
October 2015: Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Yosuke Baba, Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Hirotada Suzuki, Tomoyuki Kuwata, Rie Usui, Miyuki Saruyama, Manabu Ogoyama, Shiho Nagayama, Hiroyasu Nakamura, Atsushi Ugajin, Shigeki Matsubara
OBJECTIVES: Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) has been considered to occur very rarely after traumatic delivery/abortion, and is usually detected after its rupture, yielding massive bleeding. Our hypothesis is: some UAP may be undetected without massive bleeding and may spontaneously resolve, and, thus, may not require transarterial embolization (TAE). We attempted: (1) to detect both ruptured and non-ruptured UAP, thereby characterizing candidates of spontaneously resolving UAP, and (2) to confirm that UAP is not rare and not always associated with traumatic events...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Shusaku Omoto, Yuki Hasegawa, Kenichiro Sakai, Hiromasa Matsuno, Ayumi Arai, Yuka Terasawa, Hidetaka Mitsumura, Yasuyuki Iguchi
Carotid stump syndrome is a cause of recurrent embolic stroke following occlusion of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. The present report describes a case of recurrent cerebral embolism ipsilateral to a chronically occluded left common carotid artery (CCA), i.e., "CCA stump syndrome." Doppler color flow imaging showed anterograde flow in the left internal and external carotid arteries, which were supplied by collateral flow from the superior thyroid artery inflowing just proximal to the left carotid bifurcation...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Man-Xia Lin, Ming Kuang, Ming Xu, Bo-Wen Zhuang, Wen-Shuo Tian, Jie-Yi Ye, Xiao-Hua Xie, Xiao-Yan Xie
The objective of this study was to describe the performance of ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) within 2 h after irreversible electroporation (IRE) ablation of porcine liver. Six IRE ablations were performed on porcine liver in vivo; ultrasound assessments were performed within 2 h after IRE ablation. On US images, the ablation zone appeared as a hypo-echoic area within 10 min after the ablation, and then the echo of the ablation zone gradually increased. On CEUS images, the ablation zone appeared as a non-enhanced area within 10 min after ablation and then was gradually centripetally filled by microbubbles...
November 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Primoz Petric, Christian Kirisits
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for image guided adaptive brachytherapy (BT) of cervical cancer. Ultrasound is an attractive alternative with reasonable costs and high soft tissue depiction quality. This technical note aims to demonstrate the proof of principle for use of TRAns Cervical Endosonography with rotating transducer in the context of brachytherapy (TRACE BT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: TRACE BT presentation is based on a single stage IIB cervical cancer patient...
June 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Daisuke Takei, Akihito Okazaki, Tomoyuki Minami, Juri Ikemoto, Naomichi Hirano, Keiji Hanada, Yuji Teraoka, Toshikatsu Fukuda, Shuji Yonehara
A woman was admitted to our department for lung adenocarcinoma and she was treated with left upper lobectomy. The carcinoembryonic antigen level had increased. Enhanced computed tomography showed a hypovascular tumor in the pancreatic tail and in the extension of the distal main pancreatic duct. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) clearly showed a low echoic lesion, and histological examination revealed adenocarcinoma. On immunostaining, the lesion was diagnosed as metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lungs. The patient was treated with chemotherapy for lung cancer and survived for 4 years after diagnosis...
August 2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Andrew J Kolarik, Amy C Scarfe, Brian C J Moore, Shahina Pardhan
Accurate motor control is required when walking around obstacles in order to avoid collisions. When vision is unavailable, sensory substitution can be used to improve locomotion through the environment. Tactile sensory substitution devices (SSDs) are electronic travel aids, some of which indicate the distance of an obstacle using the rate of vibration of a transducer on the skin. We investigated how accurately such an SSD guided navigation in an obstacle circumvention task. Using an SSD, 12 blindfolded participants navigated around a single flat 0...
2016: PloS One
Zsuzsanna Arányi, Anita Csillik, Josef Böhm, Thomas Schelle
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a disorder characterized by compression of the lower trunk of the brachial plexus, most often in association with anomalous congenital fibromuscular bands in the scalenic region. Early diagnosis is important, because the neurologic deficit associated with TOS may be irreversible. Using high-resolution ultrasound, we investigated 20 consecutive patients with clinical signs suggestive of TOS (all females, average age: 40.4 ± 14.9 y) and 25 control patients. In 19 patients, we identified a hyper-echoic fibromuscular structure at the medial edge of the middle scalene muscle, which indented the lower trunk of the brachial plexus ("wedge-sickle sign")...
October 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Yasuyuki Tamai, Hideaki Tanaka, Kyoko Yoshikawa, Ryosuke Sugimoto, Koyo Higashitani, Rumi Morooka, Norihiko Yamamoto, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Motoh Iwasa, Yoshiyuki Takei
A 70-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital on suspicion of liver tumor on regular abdominal ultrasonography. The abdominal ultrasonography identified a solitary, low-echoic lesion measuring 17mm in diameter in S7. This lesion was not enhanced in any phase of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and thus we performed a liver biopsy. Histopathological examination revealed a caseating granuloma. The chest CT showed pulmonary nodules, and Mycobacterium intracellulare was cultured from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid...
July 2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Hamad Hadi Al-Qahtani, Saleh Asalamah, Mohammed Akeely, Salman Mohammad Alshakaki
Pseudomyxoma retroperitonei is a rare condition, characterized by accumulation of mucinous material in the retroperitoneal space, originating predominantly from the appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. A72-year-old male patient presented with a history of progressive right side abdominal pain for 5 months with a palpable abdominal mass. Ultrasound, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed large right abdominal multiloculated cystic lesion with heterogeneous echoic contents. Colonoscopy revealed normal mucosa with extramural pressure on the right colon and cecum...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Mauro Dugo, Margherita Mangino, Mario Meola, Ilaria Petrucci, Maria Luisa Valente, Licia Laurino, Mario Stella, Stefania Mastrosimone, Anna Brunello, Bice Virgilio, Monica Rizzolo, Maria Cristina Maresca
BK polyomavirus (BKV) is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. BKV infection occurs in 1-9 % of renal transplants and causes chronic nephropathy or graft loss. Diagnosis of BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN) is based on detection of viruria then viremia and at least a tubule-interstitial nephritis at renal biopsy. This paper describes the ultrasound and color Doppler (US-CD) features of BKVAN. Seventeen patients affected by BKVAN were studied using a linear bandwidth 7-12 MHz probe. Ultrasound showed a widespread streak-like pattern with alternating normal echoic and hypoechoic streaks with irregular edges from the papilla to the cortex...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
YiJie Dong, WeiWei Zhan, JianQiao Zhou, LinLin Song, XiaoFeng Ni, BenYan Zhang
The goal of this study was to verify the ultrasound features of hyper-echoic rims in thyroid nodules and to evaluate their diagnostic value in predicting thyroid malignancies. We retrospectively analyzed 228 pathologically proven thyroid nodules (137 malignant and 91 benign nodules). Forty-eight thyroid nodules had a hyper echogenic rim. All malignant nodules (137) were papillary carcinomas, which were studied to identify the correlation between the hyper-echoic rim (detected by ultrasound) and other histologic features...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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