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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#1
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775984/static-postural-stability-in-chronic-ankle-instability-an-ankle-sprain-and-healthy-ankles
#2
Yong Ung Kwon
To identify the single leg balance (SLB) test that discriminates among healthy, coper, and chronic ankle instability (CAI) groups and to determine effects of ankle muscles on the balance error scoring system (BESS) among the three populations. 60 subjects (20 per group) performed the SLB test with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). Normalized mean amplitude (NMA) of the tibia anterior (TA), fibularis longus (FL), and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles and BESS were measured while performing the SLB test. The coper group had a lower error score than the CAI group in the EC...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775918/determining-gender-by-taking-measurements-from-magnetic-resonance-images-of-the-patella
#3
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775912/an-accurate-sleep-stages-classification-system-using-a-new-class-of-optimally-time-frequency-localized-three-band-wavelet-filter-bank
#4
Manish Sharma, Deepanshu Goyal, P V Achuth, U Rajendra Acharya
Sleep related disorder causes diminished quality of lives in human beings. Sleep scoring or sleep staging is the process of classifying various sleep stages which helps to detect the quality of sleep. The identification of sleep-stages using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is an arduous task. Just by looking at an EEG signal, one cannot determine the sleep stages precisely. Sleep specialists may make errors in identifying sleep stages by visual inspection. To mitigate the erroneous identification and to reduce the burden on doctors, a computer-aided EEG based system can be deployed in the hospitals, which can help identify the sleep stages, correctly...
May 10, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775642/national-early-warning-score-news-in-a-finnish-multidisciplinary-emergency-department-and-direct-vs-late-admission-to-intensive-care
#5
Mikko Kivipuro, Joonas Tirkkonen, Timo Kontula, Juuso Solin, Jari Kalliomäki, Satu-Liisa Pauniaho, Heini Huhtala, Arvi Yli-Hankala, Sanna Hoppu
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the national early warning scores (NEWSs) and related outcomes of patients in a tertiary referral center's multidisciplinary emergency department (ED). Patients were further categorized into three groups: triaged directly to intensive care unit (EDICU), triaged to general ward with later ICU admission (EDwardICU) and triaged to general ward (EDward). NEWSs and subsequent outcomes among these sub groups were compared. METHODS: We conducted a prospective one-month cohort study in Tampere University Hospital's ED, Finland...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775623/unsupervised-visual-discrimination-learning-of-complex-stimuli-accuracy-bias-and-generalization
#6
Rodrigo Montefusco-Siegmund, Mauricio Toro, Pedro E Maldonado, María de la L Aylwin
Through same-different judgements, we can discriminate an immense variety of stimuli and consequently, they are critical in our everyday interaction with the environment. The quality of the judgements depends on familiarity with stimuli. A way to improve the discrimination is through learning, but to this day, we lack direct evidence of how learning shapes the same-different judgments with complex stimuli. We studied unsupervised visual discrimination learning in 42 participants, as they performed same-different judgments with two types of unfamiliar complex stimuli in the absence of labeling or individuation...
May 15, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775430/gene-expression-profile-analysis-of-aortic-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-reveals-upregulation-of-cadherin-genes-in-myocardial-infarction-patients
#7
Anselm A Derda, Chin Cheng Woo, Thidathip Wongsurawat, Mark Richards, Chuen Neng Lee, Theo Kofidis, Vladimir A Kuznetsov, Vitaly A Sorokin
Myocardial infarction (MI) induced by acute coronary arterial occlusion is usually secondary to atherosclerotic plaque rupture. Dysregulated response of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerotic plaques may promote plaque rupture. Cadherins (CDHs) form adherens junctions and are known stabilizers of atherosclerotic plaques. To date, the expression patterns of cadherin have not been well investigated in MI aortic VSMCs. We aimed to investigate the expression of cadherin genes in the aortic wall of patients with and without MI...
May 18, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775348/individual-low-energy-toroidal-dipole-state-in-24-mg
#8
V O Nesterenko, A Repko, J Kvasil, P-G Reinhard
The low-energy dipole excitations in ^{24}Mg are investigated within the Skyrme quasiparticle random phase approximation for axial nuclei. The calculations with the force SLy6 reveal a remarkable feature: the lowest I^{π}K=1^{-}1 excitation (E=7.92  MeV) in ^{24}Mg is a vortical toroidal state (TS) representing a specific vortex-antivortex realization of the well-known spherical Hill's vortex in a strongly deformed axial confinement. This is a striking example of an individual TS which can be much more easily discriminated in experiment than the toroidal dipole resonance embracing many states...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775295/noncovalent-grafting-of-a-dy-iii-2-single-molecule-magnet-onto-chemically-modified-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes
#9
Vassilis Tangoulis, Nikolia Lalioti, John Parthenios, Nikos Boukos, Ondřej Malina, Jiří Tuček, Radek Zbořil
While synthetic methods for the grafting of nanoparticles or photoactive molecules onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been developed in the last years, a very limited number of reports have appeared on the grafting of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) onto CNTs. There are many potential causes, mainly focused on the fact that the attachment of molecules on surfaces remains not trivial and their magnetic properties are significantly affected upon attachment. Nevertheless, implementation of this particular type of hybrid material in demanding fields such as spintronic devices makes of utmost importance the investigation of new synthetic protocols for effective grafting...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775042/bioinspired-synergy-sensor-chip-of-photonic-crystals-graphene-oxide-for-multi-amines-recognition
#10
Wanjie Ren, Meng Qin, Xiaotian Hu, Fengyu Li, Yuanfeng Wang, Yu Huang, Meng Su, Wenbo Li, Xin Qian, Kang-Lai Tang, Yanlin Song
Benefiting from the integrated functions of cilia and glomeruli in the olfactory system, animals can discriminate various odours even in hostile environments. Inspired by this synergetic system of response and signal processing units, a sensor chip of gra-phene oxide (GO) and photonic crystals (PCs) is fabricated. The GO aerogel functions like the olfactory cilia, which effectively captures the analytes and generates abundant sensing signals for recognition; and the PCs act as the olfactory glomeruli, whose periodic structure enables selective enhancement of the fluorescent signals to realize further signal processing...
May 18, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774867/incorporation-of-dynamic-stopping-strategy-into-the-high-speed-ssvep-based-bcis
#11
Jing Jiang, Erwei Yin, Chunhui Wang, Minpeng Xu, Dong Ming
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is a non-linear and non-stationary process, as a result, its features are unstable and often vary in quality across trials, which poses significant challenges to brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). One remedy to this problem is to adaptively collect sufficient EEG evidence using dynamic stopping (DS) strategies. The high-speed steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based BCI has experienced tremendous progress in recent years. This study aims to further improve the high-speed SSVEP-based BCI by incorporating the DS strategy...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774786/comparison-of-three-molecular-methods-for-species-identification-of-the-family-cichlidae-in-kwan-phayao-thailand
#12
Dutrudi Panprommin, Kanyanat Soontornprasit, Tanapat Pangeson
The species diversity of cichlids was investigated in Kwan Phayao from August 2016 to May 2017. Four cichlid species were found, including Oreochromis niloticus, Oreochromis mossambicus, Coptodon rendalli and Coptodon zillii. Due to similar characterizations, it is very difficult to identify each species. Three molecular methods were used to distinguish these four species. DNA barcodes or partial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene sequences were amplified by PCR and sequenced. In Oreochromis sp. and Coptodon sp...
May 18, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774576/spatial-vision-in-older-adults-perceptual-changes-and-neural-bases
#13
REVIEW
Allison M McKendrick, Yu Man Chan, Bao N Nguyen
PURPOSE: The number of older adults is rapidly increasing internationally, leading to a significant increase in research on how healthy ageing impacts vision. Most clinical assessments of spatial vision involve simple detection (letter acuity, grating contrast sensitivity, perimetry). However, most natural visual environments are more spatially complicated, requiring contrast discrimination, and the delineation of object boundaries and contours, which are typically present on non-uniform backgrounds...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774528/slc40a1-and-cp-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-porphyria-cutanea-tarda-patients-of-mixed-ancestry
#14
Isabella Brasil Succi, Luís Cristóvão Pôrto, Dayse Silva, Adriana Nascimento, Ronald Costa Neto, João Carlos Fonseca
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a multifactorial disease; clinical expression depends on both genetic and acquired factors. Few studies have examined the connection between PCT and the regulation of iron metabolism genes other than the HFE gene. We selected five polymorphisms in the CYBRD1, CP, SLC40A1, and HAMP genes to determine whether these polymorphisms can act as genetic modulators in patients with sporadic PCT. None of the 29 patients carried the C282Y mutation. Genomic DNA from 29 PCT patients was isolated...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774525/teaching-social-perception-skills-to-adolescents-with-autism-and-intellectual-disabilities-using-video-based-group-instruction
#15
Tiffany A Stauch, Joshua B Plavnick, Sudha Sankar, Annie C Gallagher
Few interventions focus on teaching social skills to adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) that are consistently used during interactions with peers ( Carter et al., 2014). The present study evaluated the effects of video-based group instruction (VGI) on the acquisition of social perception skills of five adolescents with ASD or ID in a public school setting. Social perception involves observing affective behaviors of others, discriminating relevant environmental stimuli, and differentially reinforcing the affective behavior of another person...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774479/running-in-fear-an-investigation-into-the-dimensional-account-of-emotion-in-discriminating-emotional-expressions
#16
L Y Lo, W O Li, L P Lee, P S Yeung
Emotion can be conceptualized by the dimensional account of emotion with the dimensions of valence and arousal. There is little discussion of the difference in discriminability across the dimensions. The present study hypothesized that any pair of emotional expressions differing in the polarity of both valence and arousal dimensions would be easier to distinguish than a pair differing in only one dimension. The results indicate that the difference in the dimensions did not affect participants' reaction time...
May 17, 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774432/cross-modal-decoupling-in-temporal-attention-between-audition-and-touch
#17
Stefanie Mühlberg, Salvador Soto-Faraco
Temporal orienting leads to well-documented behavioural benefits for sensory events occurring at the anticipated moment. However, the consequences of temporal orienting in cross-modal contexts are still unclear. On the one hand, some studies using audio-tactile paradigms suggest that attentional orienting in time and modality are a closely coupled system, in which temporal orienting dominates modality orienting, similar to what happens in cross-modal spatial attention. On the other hand, recent findings using a visuo-tactile paradigm suggest that attentional orienting in time can unfold independently in each modality, leading to cross-modal decoupling...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774378/interpersonal-and-institutional-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-random-sample-of-palestinian-minority-men-smokers-in-israel
#18
Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774288/molecular-analysis-of-giardia-duodenalis-isolates-from-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-children-from-la-habana-cuba
#19
Luis Enrique Jerez Puebla, Fidel A Núñez, Lissette Pérez Santos, Lázara Rojas Rivero, Isabel Martínez Silva, Lucía Ayllón Valdés, Iraís Atencio Millán, Norbert Müller
Giardiasis is considered the most common intestinal parasitic disease in humans worldwide. In Cuba, this infection has particularly a strong clinical impact on the child population. Giardia duodenalis is a highly diverse protozoan, which comprises a complex of eight morphologically identical genetic assemblages, further divided into sub-assemblages. The present study used triose phosphate isomerase ( tpi ) and small-subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) genes as genetic markers for the identification of G. duodenalis assemblages and sub-assemblages in correlation with clinical and epidemiological data in children attended at the Paediatric Hospital "William Soler" and at Pedro Kouri Institute, between 2015 and 2016...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774230/early-vocal-development-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-rett-syndrome-and-fragile-x-syndrome-insights-from-studies-using-retrospective-video-analysis
#20
Laura Roche, Dajie Zhang, Katrin D Bartl-Pokorny, Florian B Pokorny, Björn W Schuller, Gianluca Esposito, Sven Bölte, Herbert Roeyers, Luise Poustka, Markus Gugatschka, Hannah Waddington, Ralf Vollmann, Christa Einspieler, Peter B Marschik
This article provides an overview of studies assessing the early vocalisations of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Rett syndrome (RTT), and fragile X syndrome (FXS) using retrospective video analysis (RVA) during the first two years of life. Electronic databases were systematically searched and a total of 23 studies were selected. These studies were then categorised according to whether children were later diagnosed with ASD (13 studies), RTT (8 studies), or FXS (2 studies), and then described in terms of (a) participant characteristics, (b) control group characteristics, (c) video footage, (d) behaviours analysed, and (e) main findings...
March 2018: Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders
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