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Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Célia S Moreira, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests several risk factors for both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), but the relationships between these factors are not well understood. Considering our previous work and a conceptual model, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationships among distal and proximal factors for the presence of NSSI in ED. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. Structural equation modelling revealed that both distal and proximal factors were related to the presence of NSSI in ED, disclosing a mediating role of the proximal factors...
June 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Amy M Brausch, Sherry E Woods
BACKGROUND: The relationship between emotion regulation deficits and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is well established. Many studies have documented the strong relationship between NSSI and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The relationship between emotion regulation deficits and suicide is less understood, but recent studies indicate a moderate association. This study aimed to examine the relationship between emotion regulation deficits, NSSI behavior, and suicide ideation in an unselected community sample of adolescents...
June 14, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Austin J Gallyer, Sean P Dougherty, Anna R Gai, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Megan L Rogers, Mary E Duffy, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Firefighters are at increased risk for both problematic alcohol use and suicidality. Research has found that problematic alcohol use is related to suicidality among this population; however, limited data exist regarding what might account for this association. The present two-study investigation (1) examined the association between suicidality and problematic alcohol use among two large samples of firefighters and (2) tested whether interpersonal theory of suicide constructs-perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB)-serve as indirect indicators of this relationship...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Irene Caro-Cañizares, Mónica Díaz de Neira-Hernando, Bernadette Pfang, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Juan J Carballo
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors are self-injurious behaviors inflicted without intending death. Literature has shown the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and NSSI behaviors. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) is defined as an index of self-regulatory problems, related to higher risk for suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents. In this study the relationship between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors, mediated by SLE in a clinical sample of children and adolescents is analyzed...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Rosemarie Suttle, Emily Haroz, Kyle Hill, Mariddie Craig, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking appears to be a risk factor, facilitator, and method of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury for some American Indian (AI) youth. We examined characteristics, patterns, and motivations for binge use among AI adolescents (N = 69; 10-19 years-old) who recently engaged in binge drinking. The majority used alcohol alone (53.7%) or a combination of alcohol and marijuana (31.3%) for their binge event. Gender differences emerged with boys more severely affected than girls. Forty-seven percent reported lifetime suicidal thoughts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Pamela K Keel, K Jean Forney, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Grace A Kennedy, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Given the negative consequences of excess weight, a large portion of the US population is seeking to obtain and maintain weight loss. Weight Suppression (WS) represents the difference between previous highest adult weight and current weight and may have negative psychological consequences. The current study examined the link between WS and lifetime non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behavior and explored indirect effects in this link using survey data in two large samples...
June 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Rebecca C Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M Fegert, Daniela Harsch, Paul L Plener
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depression and anxiety on NSSI in the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population, comprising N = 2498 participants (mean age = 48.4 years (SD = 18.2), 53.3% female) participated in this study. Child maltreatment was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ),NSSI was assessed with a question on lifetime engagement in NSSI, depressive symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) and anxiety symptoms by the General Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-2)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Marco Pozzi, Carla Carnovale, Gabriëlla G A M Peeters, Marta Gentili, Stefania Antoniazzi, Sonia Radice, Emilio Clementi, Maria Nobile
BACKGROUND: ADHD is frequently comorbid with anxiety and mood disorders, which may increase the severity of inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. Emotional symptoms (anxiety, irritability, mood lability) also affect patients without comorbidity or emerge as adverse drug events. The influence of ADHD drugs on emotional symptoms demands investigation to improve therapies. METHODS: Systematic review of trials reporting adverse events in patients pharmacologically treated for ADHD...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Karuna Mizusaki, Daniel Gih, Christina LaRosa, Rebekah Richmond, Renee D Rienecke
PURPOSE: To assess psychotropic use patterns and possible associations with age, eating disorder diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents and young adults with a primary eating disorder. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 86 consecutive patients with a primary eating disorder from August 2012 to December 2014 was conducted. Patients presented for a multidisciplinary evaluation at a United States-based academic program for eating disorders. RESULTS: Nearly half (45...
June 7, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
J C Riedl, A Gericke, J Engelmann, U Vossmerbaeumer
Self-injurious behavior (nonsuicidal self-injury, NNSI) is a common phenomenon and occurs in Germany, especially in adolescence, with a lifetime prevalence of 25-35%. In adulthood autoaggressive behavior is usually associated with mental illness, such as borderline personality disorder, as in the presented case. Eye injuries are rare. The treating physician is faced with the difficulty of correctly classifying the injury and clarifying suicidal intentions. Patient care requires a lot of patience, empathy and time and has to include psychosocial aspects...
June 7, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Claire O'Dwyer, Philip McCallion, Éilish Burke, Rachael Carroll, Máire O'Dwyer, Mary McCarron
A growing number of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are reaching old age, however, little is known about epidemiology of problem behaviours (PBs) in this population. The aim was to identify the prevalence and associated factors of PBs among older adults with ID in Ireland. Data was generated from Wave 2 of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA), a nationally representative sample of adults with ID aged ≥40. Data on PBs was available for 683 (98...
June 5, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Mohammad Aleem Siddiqui, Daya Ram, Sanjay Kumar Munda, Shazia Veqar Siddiqui, Sujit Sarkhel
Introduction: There is growing awareness of the heterogeneity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and of the multiple systems involved in its pathogenesis. Identification of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs) may have important implications in the management and prognosis of OCD, but there is a paucity of research in the domain of identification of OCSD in probands with OCD. There are few studies that have examined OCSD in the first-degree relatives (FDR) of OCD patients, some of these were not controlled, and these studies have no final agreements over outcomes, and therefore, this area needs to be further explored...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ipek Suzer Gamli, Aysegul Yolga Tahiroglu
Purpose: Individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may suffer from emotional dysregulation (ED), although this symptom is not listed among the diagnostic criteria. Methylphenidate (MPH) is useful in reducing emotional symptoms in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to determine both psychosocial risk factors and presence of ED in adolescents with ADHD before and after MPH treatment. Participants and methods: Eighty-two patients aged 12-18 years with ADHD were included as participants...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Gerard Hastings
We have discovered the elixir of life. For the first time in human existence we now know how we can avoid disease, make our lives healthier and more fulfilled, and even fend off the grim reaper himself (at least for a while). We may not have joined the immortals - many traps and snares continue to prey on us - but we are beginning to learn some of their secrets. Why then are we failing to grasp these heady opportunities? WHO data show that nine out of ten of we Europeans are dying of lifestyle diseases; that is diseases caused by our own choices - self-inflicted diseases...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maria Fridh, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate associations between self-injury and involvement in cyberbullying as a bully, victim or bully-victim among mentally distressed adolescents. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden 2016 were used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9143 students in 9th grade compulsory school (response rate 77%) and 7949 students in 2nd grade of upper secondary school (response rate 73%). Students with past year (broadly defined) mental distress at least 2 weeks in a row (33% of boys and 63% of girls) were asked if they had performed self-injury (i...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Emily Pluhar, Rebecca H Lois, Elvin Thomaseo Burton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the recent literature examining nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents, with a particular focus on how primary care pediatricians (PCPs) might assess and intervene as a common first point of contact. This NSSI review is timely and relevant, given the prevalence rates among adolescents, as well as its link to suicidal behaviors. RECENT FINDINGS: NSSI is most prevalent among adolescents, with lifetime prevalence rates between 17 and 60%...
May 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Xianchen Liu, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Fang Fan, Cun-Xian Jia
Menstrual problems and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are common in adolescent girls. This study examined whether onset of menstruation and menstrual problems were related to NSSI in Chinese female adolescents. A total of 5696 adolescent girls participated in the baseline survey of Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC) study in Shandong, China. A structured questionnaire was used to ask about participants' lifetime and last-year NSSI, age at menarche, menstrual cycle interval, menstrual flow length, menstrual irregularity, period pain, body weight and height, and demographics...
May 26, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
M Kathryn Dahlgren, Jill M Hooley, Stephanie G Best, Kelly A Sagar, Atilla Gonenc, Staci A Gruber
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), deliberate behavior resulting in self-inflicted damage to oneself, is common, particularly among female adolescents, and may be a form of maladaptive emotion regulation. Cognitive interference, a specific type of processing associated with inhibiting prepotent responses in favor of less automatic ones, is utilized in treatment strategies to shift patients' thoughts and behaviors away from maladaptive responses and replace them with more adaptive ones. We examined cognitive interference processing using the Multi-Source Interference Task (MSIT) in females with NSSI behavior (n=15) and healthy control females (n=15)...
April 30, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
C Rattaz, C Michelon, K Munir, A Baghdadli
BACKGROUND: Challenging behaviours are highly prevalent in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about the prevalence and course of these behaviours during adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe the topography of challenging behaviours in a cohort of 106 young adults with ASD and to identify the risk factors for challenging behaviours. Our secondary objective was to study the changes in challenging behaviours from adolescence to early adult years...
July 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Lili O Horváth, Maria Balint, Gyongyver Ferenczi-Dallos, Luca Farkas, Julia Gadoros, Dora Gyori, Agnes Kereszteny, Gergely Meszaros, Dora Szentivanyi, Szabina Velo, Marco Sarchiapone, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Danuta Wasserman, Judit Balazs
Although several studies have recently assessed direct self-injurious behavior (D-SIB) among adolescents, it is still understudied in adolescents attending vocational schools: an educational setting generally associated with lower socioeconomic status. After extending the "Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe" (SEYLE) project to a vocational school population, we examined their D-SIB and life event characteristics compared to the high school population. SEYLE's Hungarian randomly selected high school sample ( N = 995) was completed with a randomly selected vocational school sample ( N = 140) in Budapest, Hungary...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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