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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651223/the-mediating-role-of-self-criticism-in-the-relationship-between-parental-expressed-emotion-and-nssi
#1
Brooke A Ammerman, Seth Brown
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is found at high rates among adolescents and young adults and is associated with many negative consequences, warranting additional research. Two factors that may contribute to NSSI during this time period are one's levels of self-criticism and perceptions of their parental relationships; however, these relationships have received limited attention. The purpose of this current study was to address this gap in the literature. Adolescents and young adults (n=294) completed measures of perceived parental expressed emotion, self-criticism, and NSSI...
March 2018: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626831/neuroticism-and-anxious-attachment-as-potential-vulnerability-factors-of-repeat-suicide-attempts
#2
Lucie Pennel, Jean-Louis Quesada, Maurice Dematteis
The recurrence risk of suicide attempts can reach 50% in the first year, each attempt increasing suicide-risk by 32%. No screening tool efficiently identifies potential repeat suicide attempters who are too often regarded as borderline personality. Our aim was to identify individual and interpersonal psychopathological dimensions that could represent a vulnerability to repeat suicide attempts. Sixty first-time and repeat suicide attempters consecutively admitted in emergency rooms were compared for fundamental dimensions of personality, patterns of attachment, personality and mental disorders using standardized questionnaires...
March 27, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617065/relationships-between-self-injurious-behaviors-pain-reactivity-and-%C3%AE-endorphin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism
#3
Sylvie Tordjman, George M Anderson, Annaëlle Charrier, Cécile Oriol, Solenn Kermarrec, Roberto Canitano, Michel Botbol, Nathalie Coulon, Corinne Antoine, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, David Cohen, Hazar Haidar, Séverine Trabado, Michèle Carlier, Guillaume Bronsard, Laurent Mottron
OBJECTIVE: Autism and certain associated behaviors including self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and atypical pain reactivity have been hypothesized to result from excessive opioid activity. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between SIB, pain reactivity, and β-endorphin levels in autism. METHODS: Study participants were recruited between 2007 and 2012 from day care centers and included 74 children and adolescents diagnosed with autism (according to DSM-IV-TR, ICD-10, and CFTMEA) and intellectual disability...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607562/risk-factors-and-topographies-for-self-injurious-behaviour-in-a-sample-of-adults-with-intellectual-developmental-disorders
#4
A Folch, M J Cortés, L Salvador-Carulla, P Vicens, M Irazábal, S Muñoz, L Rovira, C Orejuela, J M Haro, E Vilella, R Martínez-Leal
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a prevalent form of challenging behaviour in people with intellectual developmental disorders (IDD). Existing research has yielded conflicting findings concerning the major risk factors involved, and in addition, SIB shows multiple topographies and presentations. Although presence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and severity of intellectual disability (ID) are known risk factors for SIB, there are no studies comparing SIB topographies by severity degrees of ID and ASD...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#5
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
March 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603867/delineating-the-psychiatric-and-behavioral-phenotype-of-recurrent-2q13-deletions-and-duplications
#6
Kate Wolfe, Andrew McQuillin, Viola Alesi, Elise Boudry Labis, Peter Cutajar, Bruno Dallapiccola, Maria Lisa Dentici, Anne Dieux-Coeslier, Benedicte Duban-Bedu, Tina Duelund Hjortshøj, Himanshu Goel, Sara Loddo, Deborah Morrogh, Anne-Laure Mosca-Boidron, Antonio Novelli, Laurence Olivier-Faivre, Jennifer Parker, Michael J Parker, Christine Patch, Anna L Pelling, Thomas Smol, Zeynep Tümer, Olivier Vanakker, Arie van Haeringen, Clémence Vanlerberghe, Andre Strydom, David Skuse, Nick Bass
Recurrent deletions and duplications at the 2q13 locus have been associated with developmental delay (DD) and dysmorphisms. We aimed to undertake detailed clinical characterization of individuals with 2q13 copy number variations (CNVs), with a focus on behavioral and psychiatric phenotypes. Participants were recruited via the Unique chromosomal disorder support group, U.K. National Health Service Regional Genetics Centres, and the DatabasE of genomiC varIation and Phenotype in Humans using Ensembl Resources (DECIPHER) database...
March 31, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593617/the-role-of-difficulty-in-identifying-and-describing-feelings-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-behavior-nssi-associations-with-perceived-attachment-quality-stressful-life-events-and-suicidal-ideation
#7
Rita Cerutti, Antonio Zuffianò, Valentina Spensieri
Objective: Core alexithymic features, such as the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings, are associated with poor attachment styles and emotional trauma, which influence the capacity to regulate affect. Additionally, emotional regulation has been found to be the most commonly identified function associated with non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents as they attempt to modulate strong emotions. However, few studies have examined the link between difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (core components of alexithymia), NSSI behaviors, quality of attachment, life stressors and suicidal ideation in healthy early adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590280/the-emerging-clinical-neuroscience-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-review
#8
Rebecca A Muhle, Hannah E Reed, Katharine A Stratigos, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
Importance: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a highly prevalent disorder, and community psychiatrists are likely to treat many individuals with ASD during their clinical practice. This clinical case challenge describes a routine evaluation of irritability and self-injury in a preschool-aged child who meets the criteria for ASD. The case also illustrates the importance of known risk factors for ASD, such as chromosomal deletion and prematurity. This clinical neuroscience article seeks to educate the clinician of current avenues of research that can inform and may already affect clinical practice for this patient, while providing a preview of research that may yield biological treatments for ASD within the next decade...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590276/evaluation-and-management-of-self-injury-in-a-child-with-a-rare-genomic-variant
#9
Rebecca A Muhle, Hannah E Reed, Patricia Aguayo, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587337/relationship-between-happiness-and-tobacco-smoking-among-high-school-students-iran
#10
Maryam Ataie Asl, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Christoph Augner, Masumeh Anbarlouei, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl
Objectives: Recent research indicates a negative relationship between happiness and smoking habit among adolescents. There is no study about this relationship among Iranian adolescents. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between happiness and cigarette smoking and hookah smoking among a sample of high school students. Methods: A sample of 1161 10th-grade students in Tabriz (Northwest Iran) was selected by multi-stage proportionally cluster sampling...
March 24, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579509/a-comparison-of-aggression-and-self-injury-among-type-1-diabetic-and-healthy-adolescents-a-sample-from-turkey
#11
Yagmur Sezer Efe, Emine Erdem
BACKGROUND: Adolescents tend to have risky behaviors like aggression and self-injury due to the age period characteristics. The risk of aggression and self-injury may increase in adolescents with the addition of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted descriptively to determine and compare the aggression and self-injury in those with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and healthy counterparts. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 60 adolescents with T1DM followed up in the child endocrinology polyclinic of a university hospital and 319 healthy counterparts, 15-18 aged, at 9th-12th grade at high school...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578277/understanding-the-pathways-from-depression-to-suicidal-risk-from-the-perspective-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#12
Nan Kang, Jianing You, Jiyi Huang, Yaxuan Ren, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu
Suicide is a major public health concern, especially in adolescence. Identifying risk factors for suicide is important to effectively prevent such behavior. Depression is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicidal risk. How depression and suicidal risk are related, however, is still not clear. This study tested a model with three key constructs of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)-perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)-as mediators in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk among Chinese adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577836/-boy-crisis-or-girl-risk-the-gender-difference-in-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-among-middle-school-students-in-china-and-its-relationship-to-gender-role-conflict-and-violent-experiences
#13
Xueyan Yang, Moye Xin
PURPOSE: We attempted to test if there were gender differences in nonsuicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors among Chinese middle-school students, and analyze the impact of gender role conflict and violent experiences on these behaviors among middle-school students of different genders. METHOD: Based on the survey data from seven middle schools in Xi'an region of China, the gender difference in NSSI behaviors and its associated factors were analyzed in this study...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577366/suicide-ideation-in-adolescents-following-inpatient-hospitalization-examination-of-intensity-and-lability-over-6-months
#14
Jessica R Peters, Ethan H Mereish, Joel B Solomon, Anthony S Spirito, Shirley Yen
Understanding suicide ideation (SI) in adolescents, especially during the high-risk time following hospitalization for a suicidal event, is a crucial component of improving risk assessment. Most studies rely on single assessments of SI, despite the potential for SI to vary considerably over time. This study examined how indices of SI intensity (mean values) and lability (mean squared successive difference values) over a 6-month period predict suicide attempts (SAs) and self-harm, as well as how they relate to psychosocial risk factors and affective functioning, in a sample of 103 adolescents hospitalized for a SA or significant SI...
March 25, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576038/predictors-of-suicide-behavior-relapse-in-pediatric-population
#15
Francisco Villar, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Mireia Verge, Bernardo Sánchez, Tomás Blasco-Blasco
Identifying patients at increased risk of suicide remains a challenge today. It has been reported that 10% of patients committing a suicide attempt end up dying and that both the risk and the severity of clinical symptomatology increase with the number of attempts. Within the framework of selective and indicated prevention, it is essential to identify the group of patients with an increased risk of recurrence. The objective of this study is to identify factors predicting suicide attempt relapse to improve the decision making process in the therapeutic approach to suicidal behavior...
March 26, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574356/use-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-ema-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lucía Rodríguez-Blanco, Juan J Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
Conceptualization and assessment of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has evolved substantially in recent years. In both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, NSSI and its related variables have traditionally been assessed retrospectively, leading to less precise studies of the mechanisms involved in the maintenance, cessation, or aggravation of this behavior. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) enables real-time collection of patient states, which can be very useful in the study of the mechanisms implied in this behavior...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572195/biallelic-unc80-mutations-caused-infantile-hypotonia-with-psychomotor-retardation-and-characteristic-facies-2-in-two-chinese-patients-with-variable-phenotypes
#17
Yunjuan He, Xing Ji, Hui Yan, Xiantao Ye, Yu Liu, Wei Wei, Bing Xiao, Yu Sun
Biallelic UNC80 mutations cause infantile hypotonia with psychomotor retardation and characteristic facies 2 (IHPRF2), which is characterized by hypotonia, developmental delay (DD)/intellectual disability (ID), intrauterine growth retardation, postnatal growth retardation and characteristic facial features. We report two unrelated Chinese patients with compound heterozygous UNC80 mutations inherited from their parents, as identified by whole-exome sequencing (WES). Mutations c.3719G>A (p.W1240*)/c.4926_4937del (p...
March 20, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566390/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-borderline-personality-disorder-diagnostic-comparisons-and-associations-with-potentially-harmful-behaviors
#18
Alexander R Daros, Mylann A Guevara, Amanda A Uliaszek, Shelley F McMain, Anthony C Ruocco
BACKGROUND: Although difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) are considered a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), the specific strategies that individuals with BPD most commonly use, their diagnostic specificity, and their associations with harmful behaviors have not been firmly established. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Individuals with BPD (n = 30), mixed anxiety and/or depressive disorders (MAD; n = 30), and healthy controls (HC; n = 32) completed questionnaires assessing both cognitive ER strategies (e...
March 22, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563698/ocular-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-teenager
#19
Francesco Comacchio, M Ricca, G Martini, V Cecchin, Maria Elisabetta Zannin
A 14-year-old male teen presented with unilateral episcleritis, unresponsive to topical and systemic corticosteroid therapy, without a history of ocular trauma or evidence for systemic diseases. The presence of foreign bodies in the conjunctival mucus of the hyperemic fornix has been noticed during one of the follow-up examinations. The toxicological analysis of conjunctival mucus revealed the presence of ethylene glycolmonomethyl ether and triethilene glicolebuthyl ether, used as solvents in nail polish removers and all-purpose cleaners...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555691/emotional-health-among-youth-experiencing-family-homelessness
#20
Andrew J Barnes, Jace Gilbertson, Debanjana Chatterjee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Youth who are homeless with adult family members comprise 37% of the US homeless population, yet mental health among this group has not yet been well described. We aimed to compare the risk of suicidality, and factors that may protect against it, between family-homeless and nonhomeless youth. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data, representing 62 034 eighth- to 12th-graders, to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of emotional distress, self-injury, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide in the past 12 months for youth who experienced family homelessness in the past 12 months compared with housed youth, controlling for covariates...
March 19, 2018: Pediatrics
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