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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223043/affect-toward-the-self-and-self-injury-stimuli-as-potential-risk-factors-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#1
Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro, Evan M Kleiman, Jill M Hooley, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Few risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) have been identified. This study investigated diminished aversion toward self-injury (i.e., NSSI, suicide/death stimuli) and self-criticism as unique NSSI risk factors. After terminating a treatment study, 154 adults with a recent and frequent NSSI history completed self-report and computer-based measures of psychopathology, implicit and explicit self-criticism, and implicit aversion to NSSI and suicide/death. Participants were then contacted 4 weeks later to test factors predicting NSSI frequency over this follow-up period...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216755/explicit-motives-antecedents-and-consequences-of-direct-self-injurious-behaviors
#2
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216753/the-impact-of-safety-plans-in-an-outpatient-clinic
#3
Jess Zonana, Jessica Simberlund, Paul Christos
BACKGROUND: Safety plans are recommended as tools to mitigate suicide risk; however, their effectiveness remains unclear. AIM: To evaluate the impact of safety plans on patient care at an outpatient mental health clinic. METHOD: In this retrospective chart review, patients' treatment engagement, health-care utilization, and risk behaviors were measured. Patients served as their own historical controls, and we compared outcomes in the 6 months before and 6 months after creation of safety plans...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205605/coaching-parents-to-assess-and-treat-self-injurious-behaviour-via-telehealth
#4
S S Benson, A F Dimian, M Elmquist, J Simacek, J J McComas, F J Symons
The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202639/emotional-responding-in-nssi-examinations-of-appraisals-of-positive-and-negative-emotional-stimuli-with-and-without-acute-stress
#5
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Ottmar V Lipp, Mark Boyes, Jessica Dawkins
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly used by young adults to regulate emotional responses. Yet, experimental examination of how people who self-injure appraise and respond to emotional stimuli is limited. We examined appraisals of, and responses to, emotive images in young adults who did and did not self-injure, and assessed whether these were impacted by exposure to a stressor. Study 1 (N = 51) examined whether participants differed in their appraisals of emotional images. Study 2 (N = 78) assessed whether appraisals of images changed after exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test...
December 5, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200552/self-inflicted-cut-injury-as-common-method-of-deliberate-self-harm-a-retrospective-study-from-nepal
#6
Shakya Rabi, Joshi Sulochana, Sharma Pawan
Context: Deliberate self-injury, a fairly common condition is present across all culture. It is defined as intentional, direct injuring of body tissue without suicidal intent. We continue to lack a sufficient understanding of this behavior in the context of South East Asian region. Aims: This study aims to explore the characteristics of self-cutting, and gender differences in homologous group of youth applying for foreign employment in Nepal. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional, single interview method in an out-patient setting...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#7
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197206/characteristics-and-development-of-nonsuicidal-super-self-injury-among-borderline-inpatients
#8
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197172/sleep-patterns-predictive-of-daytime-challenging-behavior-in-individuals-with-low-functioning-autism
#9
Simonne Cohen, Ben D Fulcher, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Russell Conduit, Jason P Sullivan, Melissa A St Hilaire, Andrew J K Phillips, Tobias Loddenkemper, Sanjeev V Kothare, Kelly McConnell, Paula Braga-Kenyon, William Ahearn, Andrew Shlesinger, Jacqueline Potter, Frank Bird, Kim M Cornish, Steven W Lockley
Increased severity of problematic daytime behavior has been associated with poorer sleep quality in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. In this work, we investigate whether this relationship holds in a real-time setting, such that an individual's prior sleep can be used to predict their subsequent daytime behavior. We analyzed an extensive real-world dataset containing over 20,000 nightly sleep observations matched to subsequent challenging daytime behaviors (aggression, self-injury, tantrums, property destruction and a challenging behavior index) across 67 individuals with low-functioning autism living in two U...
December 1, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196063/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-clinical-implications
#10
Lianne Schmaal, Sarah Bendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196062/childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Richard T Liu, Katie M Scopelliti, Sarah K Pittman, Alejandra S Zamora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury is being increasingly recognised as a prominent public health concern. Identification of early and modifiable risk factors is necessary to advance the screening and intervention efforts, particularly early detection of at-risk individuals. We aimed to examine childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, in relation to non-suicidal self-injury. METHODS: We did a comprehensive meta-analysis of childhood maltreatment (overall, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect, and emotional abuse and neglect) in association with non-suicidal self-injury...
November 28, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189033/comparing-treatment-response-between-lgbq-and-heterosexual-individuals-attending-a-cbt-and-dbt-skills-based-partial-hospital
#12
Courtney Beard, Norik Kirakosian, Alexandra L Silverman, Jeffrey P Winer, Lauren P Wadsworth, Thröstur Björgvinsson
OBJECTIVE: Despite a greater need for mental health treatment in individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other sexual minority identities (LGBQ+), no prior study has examined mental health treatment outcomes for LGBQ+ populations receiving standard care. We compared individuals identifying as LGBQ+ or heterosexual on treatment outcomes following a partial hospital program based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). METHOD: A total of 441 participants (19% LGBQ+; mean age = 34...
December 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183636/clinical-guidance-to-tattooing-and-piercing-among-youth
#13
REVIEW
Deborah L McBride
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are increasingly common among young people. This paper reviews the first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics which provides information for clinicians about these types of body modifications. The new report notes that complications are not common and that body modifications differ from non-suicidal self-injury. Additional references and information are provided to help clinicians can talk about these topics with patients and their families.
November 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179569/self-injurious-behavior-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities-a-systematic-review-of-behavioral-intervention-literature
#14
Buket Erturk, Wendy Machalicek, Christine Drew
We reviewed single-case research studies examining the effects of behavioral interventions for self-injurious behavior (SIB) in young children with autism and developmental disabilities. Systematic searches of electronic databases, journals, and reference lists identified 46 studies (66 participants younger than the age of 12) meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were examined based on (a) participant demographics, (b) topography and function of SIB, (c) type of functional behavior assessment (FBA), (d) intervention procedures and outcomes, and (e) experimental design and measurement...
November 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173741/traumatic-stress-interacts-with-bipolar-disorder-genetic-risk-to-increase-risk-for-suicide-attempts
#15
Holly C Wilcox, Janice M Fullerton, Anne L Glowinski, Kelly Benke, Masoud Kamali, Leslie A Hulvershorn, Emma K Stapp, Howard J Edenberg, Gloria M P Roberts, Neera Ghaziuddin, Carrie Fisher, Christine Brucksch, Andrew Frankland, Claudio Toma, Alex D Shaw, Elizabeth Kastelic, Leslie Miller, Melvin G McInnis, Philip B Mitchell, John I Nurnberger
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most heritable psychiatric conditions and is associated with high suicide risk. To explore the reasons for this link, this study examined the interaction between traumatic stress and BD polygenic risk score in relation to suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent and young adult offspring and relatives of persons with BD (BD-relatives) compared with adolescent and young adult offspring of individuals without psychiatric disorders (controls)...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172592/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-study-of-the-explanatory-roles-of-the-interpersonal-theory-variables-among-military-service-members-and-veterans
#16
Carol Chu, Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Anna R Gai, Matthew K Nock, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Research has identified non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a robust correlate of suicidal thoughts and behaviors; however, little is known regarding why these constructs may be related. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, this study investigated thwarted belongingness (TB), perceived burdensomeness (PB), and capability for suicide (CS) as explanatory links in the association between NSSI, ideation, and suicide attempt history. METHOD: Military service members and veterans (N = 973; agemean = 29...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170939/behavioral-outcomes-of-specialized-psychiatric-hospitalization-in-the-autism-inpatient-collection-aic-a-multisite-comparison
#17
Kahsi A Pedersen, Susan L Santangelo, Robin L Gabriels, Giulia Righi, Michael Erard, Matthew Siegel
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is relatively common and occurs at a higher rate than in non-ASD youth. This study compared changes in the severity of serious problem behaviors in 350 youth with ASD enrolled in the autism inpatient collection during and after hospitalization in six specialized child psychiatry units. There was a significant reduction in serious problem behaviors from admission (aberrant behavior checklist-irritability subscale M = 29.7, SD 9.6) to discharge (M = 15...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169199/-internet-addiction-suicidality-and-non-suicidal-self-harming-behavior-a-systematic-review
#18
Toni Andreas Steinbüchel, Stephan Herpertz, Ina Külpmann, Aram Kehyayan, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Background Internet addiction (IA) is associated with a high rate of co-morbid mental disorders, especially depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD and personality disorders and a considerable level of psychological strain. In terms of risk assessment, the present work investigates the current research literature on suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSI). Methods We performed a systematic literature search in 14 databases on title and abstract level for the most common keywords for IA, NSSI and suicidality...
November 23, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167651/nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#19
Annarosa Cipriano, Stefania Cella, Paolo Cotrufo
Objective: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) refers to the intentional self-inflicted destruction of body tissue without suicidal intention and for purposes not socially sanctioned. Our paper presents an up-to-date overview on nonsuicidal, self-injurious behaviors. Method: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted across two databases, PubMed and PsycARTICLES, regarding the main features of NSSI with a focus on epidemiological and etiologic data, diagnostic criteria, and functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#20
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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