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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#1
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211201/nonsuicidal-self-injury-is-predictive-of-suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-mood-disorders
#2
Megan S Chesin, Hanga Galfavy, Cemile Ceren Sonmez, Amanda Wong, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) prior to age 18 was evaluated as a risk factor for adulthood suicide attempt (SA). Archival data from 222 mood-disordered participants were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Participants with a youth SA were excluded. The hazards of SA among adult participants with a history of youth NSSI were twice than those of mood-disordered participants without youth NSSI (hazard ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-3.44, p = .01). Moreover, participants who had both youth and adult NSSI attempted suicide significantly earlier than participants who began NSSI as an adult...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202252/what-worries-parents-of-a-child-with-autism-evidence-from-a-biomarker-for-chronic-stress
#3
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported correlations between various aspects of the behaviour and symptomatology of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their parents' self-reports of stress via standardised scales. AIMS: To extend that literature, a physiological index of parental chronic stress was used instead of their self-reports-dysregulation of the Diurnal Rhythm (DR) of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis. METHODS: A sample of 149 parents of a child with ASD provided salivary cortisol at the predicted time of daily maximum cortisol concentration and at a time of daily lower concentration...
February 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199949/self-injury-in-young-people-and-the-help-negation-effect
#4
Mareka Frost, Leanne M Casey, John G O'Gorman
This study examined the relationship between self-injurious behavior and intentions to seek help from professionals, family and friends, technology based support and from no-one. Participants were 679 young people aged 14-25 years drawn from a larger internet survey (N =1463) on the basis of their reported self-injury. A help-negation effect was found only in relation to intentions to seek help from family and friends. That is, a higher extent or severity of self-injury was independently associated with lower intentions to seek help from family and friends...
December 19, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#5
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193582/longitudinal-development-of-pain-sensitivity-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#6
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Maren Niederbäumer, Tabea Strozyk, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with reduced pain sensitivity (PS). Existing theories posit that altered PS is a risk factor for NSSI. Cross-sectional data suggest that PS normalizes in those terminating self-injury. However, previously no study addressed the longitudinal course of PS in patients engaging in NSSI. We addressed changes in PS and clinical symptomatology in adolescents with NSSI (n = 18) and matched controls (n = 19) over one year. Despite significant clinical improvements, PS did not change in the NSSI group but decreased in controls...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183785/should-healthcare-professionals-sometimes-allow-harm-the-case-of-self-injury
#7
Patrick J Sullivan
This paper considers the ethical justification for the use of harm minimisation approaches with individuals who self-injure. While the general issues concerning harm minimisation have been widely debated, there has been only limited consideration of the ethical issues raised by allowing people to continue injuring themselves as part of an agreed therapeutic programme. I will argue that harm minimisation should be supported on the basis that it results in an overall reduction in harm when compared with more traditional ways of dealing with self-injurious behaviour...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183784/balancing-costs-and-benefits-a-clinical-perspective-does-not-support-a-harm-minimisation-approach-for-self-injury-outside-of-community-settings
#8
Hanna Pickard, Steve Pearce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181957/use-of-nalmefene-in-patients-with-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-preliminary-report
#9
Ana Martín-Blanco, Barbara Patrizi, Joaquim Soler, Xero Gasol, Matilde Elices, Miquel Gasol, Cristina Carmona, Juan C Pascual
Comorbidity between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is high and relevant as alcohol consumption seems to worsen BPD symptomatology. One of the newest treatments for AUD, nalmefene, may be useful to improve BPD symptoms not only indirectly by reducing alcohol consumption but also directly by acting on the opioid system as this system has been related to specific BPD symptoms. This open-label study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an 8-week nalmefene treatment in reducing alcohol consumption in individuals with BPD and comorbid AUD...
February 8, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165275/strong-schools-against-suicidality-and-self-injury-evaluation-of-a-workshop-for-school-staff
#10
Rebecca Groschwitz, Lara Munz, Joana Straub, Isabelle Bohnacker, Paul L Plener
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are common among adolescents. School staff are often the first adults to be confronted with those behaviors. However, previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and confidence in dealing with self-harming behaviors. Objectives of this study were to evaluate a workshop on NSSI and suicidality in adolescence for teachers, school social workers and school psychologists. In total, N = 267 school staff participated in 1 of 16 two-day workshops, which were offered in different cities in southern Germany...
February 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160318/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-age-of-onset-and-severity-of-self-harm
#11
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Evan M Kleiman, Lauren L Uyeji, Michael S McCloskey
This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI-related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for suicide ideation or attempts, although those with an earlier onset were more likely to have a suicide plan. Overall, findings suggest that onset of NSSI before age 12 is associated with more severe NSSI and may be a crucial age for prevention efforts...
February 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159144/treatment-of-trauma-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-transgender-adults
#12
REVIEW
Lore M Dickey, Anneliese A Singh, Daniel Walinsky
This article explores the presence of trauma and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSI) in transgender people. We explore the prevalence of trauma and NSI in transgender people, the ways in which these clinical concerns manifest across the lifespan, and special considerations for assessment and treatment. The article concludes by describing the importance of developing a strong rapport with clients and the concept of reasonably well-controlled cooccurring mental health concerns.
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#13
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152395/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-relation-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-spirituality-religiosity
#14
Marie Good, Chloe Hamza, Teena Willoughby
Despite increased research on factors that predict engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), one factor that has been neglected is spirituality/religiosity. While some researchers suggest that spiritual/religious beliefs and practice may protect against aversive mental health outcomes, it also is possible that certain aspects of spirituality/religiosity - specifically doubt and questioning - may be distressing. In this study, we examined whether multiple dimensions of spirituality/religiosity, including the often-overlooked experience of doubt/questioning, were associated with engagement in NSSI among university students over time...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152333/experiences-of-self-injury-and-aggression-among-women-admitted-to-forensic-psychiatric-care
#15
Heidi Selenius, Susanne Strand
BACKGROUND: Self-injury and institutional violence are well-known characteristics of female forensic psychiatric patients, but research on patients' experiences of these behaviours is limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how female forensic psychiatric patients describe their self-injury and aggression. METHODS: The authors performed qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 female forensic psychiatric inpatients. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis...
February 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150698/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Mary M Robertson, Valsamma Eapen, Harvey S Singer, Davide Martino, Jeremiah M Scharf, Peristera Paschou, Veit Roessner, Douglas W Woods, Marwan Hariz, Carol A Mathews, Rudi Črnčec, James F Leckman
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by several motor and phonic tics. Tics usually develop before 10 years of age, exhibit a waxing and waning course and typically improve with increasing age. A prevalence of approximately 1% is estimated in children and adolescents. The condition can result in considerable social stigma and poor quality of life, especially when tics are severe (for example, with coprolalia (swearing tics) and self-injurious behaviours) or when GTS is accompanied by attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder or another neuropsychiatric disorder...
February 2, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142632/-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-male-adolescents-with-borderline-symptomatology
#17
Jens Heider, Anna Fleck, Christina Peteler, Sabine Anker, Susanne Lieb, Michael Behrens, Annette Schröder, Tina In-Albon, Michael Brünger
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for Male Adolescents with Borderline Symptomatology The efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for adolescents (DBT-A) in patients with borderline symptomatology has mainly been shown in female adolescents. However, male adolescents with borderline symptoms are characterized by more aggressive, disruptive, and antisocial behavior. Therefore, the efficacy of the DBT-A has to be investigated in male adolescents. The DBT-A manual was adopted for male adolescents in an inpatient setting...
February 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142107/non-suicidal-self-injury-within-the-school-context-multilevel-analysis-of-teachers-support-and-peer-climate
#18
N Madjar, S Ben Shabat, R Elia, N Fellner, M Rehavi, S E Rubin, N Segal, G Shoval
BACKGROUND: Recent studies regarding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents have focused primarily on individual characteristics (e.g., depressive symptoms) and background factors (e.g., parental relationship), whereas less emphasis has been given to the role of school-related factors in NSSI. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to explore the relationships between teachers' support, peer climate, and NSSI within the school context. METHODS: The sample consisted of 594 high school students nested within 27 regular classes (54...
January 27, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142085/effect-of-crisis-response-planning-vs-contracts-for-safety-on-suicide-risk-in-u-s-army-soldiers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Craig J Bryan, Jim Mintz, Tracy A Clemans, Bruce Leeson, T Scott Burch, Sean R Williams, Emily Maney, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of crisis response planning for the prevention of suicide attempts. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial of active duty Army Soldiers (N=97) at Fort Carson, Colorado, presenting for an emergency behavioral health appointment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a contract for safety, a standard crisis response plan, or an enhanced crisis response plan. Incidence of suicide attempts during follow-up was assessed with the Suicide Attempt Self-Injury Interview...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141725/acute-agitation-and-self-injury-in-a-5-year-old-with-autism
#20
Jason Schweitzer, Christine James, Willough Jenkins, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
A 5-year-old nonverbal child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was admitted to inpatient pediatrics with new onset agitation and self-injurious behavior. His parents described him as a pleasant child without previous episodes of self-injury. Four days before admission, the parents noted new irritability followed by 2 days of self-injury to the face without clear precipitant. His hitting intensified with closed fist to face, and he required parental physical restraint to prevent further injury. Car rides and ibuprofen provided only temporary relief...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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