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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#1
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938719/population-wide-sampling-of-retrotransposon-insertion-polymorphisms-using-deep-sequencing-and-efficient-detection
#2
Qichao Yu, Wei Zhang, Xiaolong Zhang, Yongli Zeng, Yeming Wang, Yanhui Wang, Liqin Xu, Xiaoyun Huang, Nannan Li, Xinlan Zhou, Jie Lu, Xiaosen Guo, Guibo Li, Yong Hou, Shiping Liu, Bo Li
Active retrotransposons play important roles during evolution and continue to shape our genomes today, especially in genetic polymorphisms underlying a diverse set of diseases. However, studies of human retrotransposon insertion polymorphisms (RIPs) based on whole-genome deep sequencing at the population level have not been sufficiently undertaken, despite the obvious need for a thorough characterization of RIPs in the general population. Herein, we present a novel and efficient computational tool called Specific Insertions Detector (SID) for the detection of non-reference RIPs...
September 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938614/phenformin-enhances-the-therapeutic-effect-of-selumetinib-in-kras-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-irrespective-of-lkb1-status
#3
Jun Zhang, Sreenivas Nannapaneni, Dongsheng Wang, Fakeng Liu, Xu Wang, Rui Jin, Xiuju Liu, Mohammad Aminur Rahman, Xianghong Peng, Guoqing Qian, Zhuo G Chen, Kwok-Kin Wong, Fadlo R Khuri, Wei Zhou, Dong M Shin
MEK inhibition is potentially valuable in targeting KRAS-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we analyzed whether concomitant LKB1 mutation alters sensitivity to the MEK inhibitor selumetinib, and whether the metabolism drug phenformin can enhance the therapeutic effect of selumetinib in isogenic cell lines with different LKB1 status. Isogenic pairs of KRAS-mutant NSCLC cell lines A549, H460 and H157, each with wild-type and null LKB1, as well as genetically engineered mouse-derived cell lines 634 (kras(G12D/wt)/p53(-/-)/lkb1(wt/wt)) and t2 (kras(G12D/wt)/p53(-/-)/lkb1(-/-)) were used in vitro to analyze the activities of selumetinib, phenformin and their combination...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938583/ppa1-regulates-tumor-malignant-potential-and-clinical-outcome-of-colon-adenocarcinoma-through-jnk-pathways
#4
Ping Wang, Yi Zhou, Qi Mei, Jing Zhao, Liu Huang, Qiang Fu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents one of the most prevalent malignancies and the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Inorganic pyrophosphatase (PPA1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate to inorganic phosphate, therefore participates in the energy metabolism. Proteomic studies have demonstrated the up-regulated expression of PPA1 in various tumors, however, its expression pattern in CRC hasn't been reported. In the current study, we used RT-qCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining to explore the expression of PPA1 in 113 paired colon cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues, which revealed that PPA1 was correlated with lymph node metastasis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938541/differential-expression-of-circulating-biomarkers-of-tumor-phenotype-and-outcomes-in-previously-treated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-receiving-erlotinib-vs-cytotoxic-chemotherapy
#5
Mary Jo Fidler, Casey Frankenberger, Richard Seto, Gabriela C Lobato, Cristina L Fhied, Selina Sayidine, Sanjib Basu, Mark Pool, Reem Karmali, Marta Batus, Wen-Rong Lie, David Hayes, Jehangir Mistry, Philip Bonomi, Jeffrey A Borgia
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify serum biomarkers capable of predicting clinical outcomes in previously-treated NSCLC patients with wild-type for EGFR activating mutations or insufficient tissue for mutation status determination. METHODS: Sixty-six Luminex immunoassays representative of biological themes that emerged from a re-analysis of transcriptome data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were evaluate against pretreatment serum specimens from previously-treated advanced NSCLC patients received either cytotoxic chemotherapy (n=32) or erlotinib (n=79)...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938435/the-role-of-sequential-bmp-signaling-in-directing-human-embryonic-stem-cells-to-bipotential-gonadal-cells
#6
Kirsi Sepponen, Karolina Lundin, Katri Knuus, Pia Väyrynen, Taneli Raivio, Juha S Tapanainen, Timo Tuuri
Context: Human gonads arise as a pair of epithelial ridges on the surface of intermediate mesoderm (IM)-derived mesonephros. Toxic environmental factors and mutations in various genes are known to disturb normal gonadal development, but due to a lack of suitable in vitro models, detailed studies characterizing the molecular basis of the observed defects have not been performed. Objective: Our objective was to establish an in vitro method for studying differentiation of bipotential gonadal progenitors using human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), and to investigate the role of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) in gonadal differentiation...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938317/postoperative-changes-in-isolated-medial-orbital-wall-fractures-based-on-computed-tomography
#7
Soyeon Jung, Jang Won Lee, Chung Hun Kim, Euna Hwang, Hyoseob Lim, Sung Won Jung, Sung Hoon Koh
The treatment has been improved on the accurate reduction of blow-out fracture for many decades. But still, it has been limited to reduce completely when surgeons are approaching by conventional technique. The authors analyzed the postoperative results using computed tomography (CT) scans after conventional open reduction of isolated medial wall fracture. Thirty-seven patients with isolated medial wall fracture were reviewed. All patients underwent preoperative, immediate, and postoperative CT scans. Two surgeons have performed the surgery by conventional open reduction with transcaruncular approach and absorbable mesh insertion...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938238/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-5-year-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-total-occlusion-lesions
#8
Ahmed Mashaly, Seung-Woon Rha, Byoung Geol Choi, Man Jong Baek, Yang Gi Ryu, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Hu Li, Min Suk Shim, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jun Hyuk Kang, Eun Jin Park, Jah Yeon Choi, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there are limited data on the impact of DM in patients who have chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion on long-term outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 822 CTO patients who underwent coronary angiography, treated by either percutaneous coronary intervention or optimal medical therapy, were enrolled and divided into two groups: (i) diabetic group (n=363) and (ii) nondiabetic group (n=459)...
September 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938232/best-practice-guidelines-for-the-measurement-of-physical-activity-levels-in-stroke-survivors-a-secondary-analysis-of-an-observational-study
#9
Louise Tinlin, Natalie Fini, Julie Bernhardt, Lucy K Lewis, Tim Olds, Coralie English
The aim of this study was to investigate the phenomenon of activity (increased activity in response to monitor wear) and determine the minimum wear time of accelerometers when objectively measuring habitual physical activity levels of community dwelling stroke survivors. Exploratory, secondary analyses of cross-sectional data were carried out. Physical activity variables [sitting, standing and stepping time, step count, light physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)] were measured with two activity monitors for 7 days...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938174/light-induced-functions-in-dna
#10
REVIEW
Ulrike Reisacher, Linda Antusch, Robert Hofsäß, Christian Schwechheimer, Benjamin Lehmann, Hans-Achim Wagenknecht
The chemical toolbox for synthetic modification by nucleotide building blocks and postsynthetic methods delivers light-induced functions to DNA in great variety and allows not only to initiate photoinduced processes but additionally the temporal and spatial control of these artificial functions. Herein, selected light-induced artificial functions in DNA are briefly summarized. This includes the postsynthetic 'photoclick' labeling strategy, benzophenone and acetophenone nucleosides as photosensitizers to induce [2+2] cycloadditions, molecular switches and energy transfer based fluorophore pairs, called "DNA traffic lights"...
September 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938145/six-scalemic-mixtures-of-6-monosubstituted-dihydrobenzophenanthridine-alkaloids-from-chelidonium-majus-and-optically-active-structures-of-enantiomers
#11
An-Jun Deng, Hai-Jing Zhang, Qian Li, Zhi-Hong Li, Zhi-Hui Zhang, Lian-Qiu Wu, Li Li, Hai-Lin Qin
Six pairs of previously undescribed 6-monosubstituted dihydrobenzophenanthridine alkaloids were separated as corresponding six scalemic mixtures from the aerial part of Chelidonium majus. The elucidation for the 2D structures of these alkaloids was achieved using regular spectroscopic and chemical methods. The assignment of scalemic-mixture nature was achieved using combined examinations of their NMR data, CD spectra, calculation of specific rotations, and chiral HPLC profiles. The identification for the relative configurations of alkaloids possessing two asymmetric carbons directly connected up by a rotatable sp(3)-sp(3) carbon-carbon single bond was significantly facilitated by discussing the erythro and threo relative configurations defined by the mutuality of the orders of decreasing steric hindrances between the two sets of ligands linked to the two chiral centers...
September 19, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938144/the-associative-brain-at-work-evidence-from-paired-associative-stimulation-studies-in-humans
#12
REVIEW
A Suppa, A Quartarone, H Siebner, R Chen, V Di Lazzaro, P Del Giudice, Walter Paulus, J C Rothwell, U Ziemann, J Classen
The original protocol of Paired Associative Stimulation (PAS) in humans implies repetitive cortical and peripheral nerve stimuli, delivered at specific inter-stimulus intervals, able to elicit non-invasively long-term potentiation (LTP)- and long-term depression (LTD)-like plasticity in the human motor cortex. PAS has been designed to drive cortical LTP/LTD according to the Hebbian rule of associative plasticity. Over the last two decades, a growing number of researchers have increasingly used the PAS technique to assess cortical associative plasticity in healthy humans and in patients with movement disorders and other neuropsychiatric diseases...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938143/contribution-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-assessment-of-brain-connectivity-and-networks
#13
REVIEW
Mark Hallett, Riccardo Di Iorio, Paolo Maria Rossini, Jung E Park, Robert Chen, Pablo Celnik, Antonio P Strafella, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Yoshikazu Ugawa
The goal of this review is to show how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques can make a contribution to the study of brain networks. Brain networks are fundamental in understanding how the brain operates. Effects on remote areas can be directly observed or identified after a period of stimulation, and each section of this review will discuss one method. EEG analyzed following TMS is called TMS-evoked potentials (TEPs). A conditioning TMS can influence the effect of a test TMS given over the motor cortex...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938135/bang-bang-optimal-control-of-large-spin-systems-enhancement-of-13-c-13-c-singlet-order-at-natural-abundance
#14
Deepak Khurana, T S Mahesh
Using a bang-bang optimal control technique, we transfer polarization from a set of abundant high-γ nuclei directly to singlet order of a low-γ spin-pair. This approach is analogous to algorithmic cooling (AC) procedure used in quantum state purification. Specifically, we apply this method for enhancing the singlet order in a natural abundant (13)C- (13)C spin pair by exploiting nine equivalent protons of an 11-spin system. Compared to the standard method not involving polarization transfer, we find an enhancement of singlet order by about 3...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938100/exposure-to-phthalates-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-its-association-with-oxidative-stress-adiponectin-and-inflammatory-cytokines
#15
Yishuang Duan, Lei Wang, Liping Han, Bin Wang, Hongwen Sun, Liming Chen, Lingyan Zhu, Yi Luo
Epidemiologic studies have revealed higher concentrations of the metabolites of phthalic acid esters (mPAEs) in patients with type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, oxidative stress, adiponectin, and inflammatory cytokines play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications. However, little information is known about the association between exposure to PAEs and these physiological parameters. Hence, paired urine and blood samples were collected from a total of 329 volunteers, and 11 main mPAEs and malondialdehyde (MDA), as a biomarker of oxidative stress, were measured in the urine samples...
September 19, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938066/systematic-optimization-of-battery-materials-key-parameter-optimization-for-the-scalable-synthesis-of-uniform-high-energy-and-high-stability-lini0-6mn0-2co0-2o2-cathode-material-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#16
Dong Ren, Yun Shen, Yao Yang, Luxi Shen, Barnaby D A Levin, Yingchao Yu, David A Muller, Héctor D Abruña
Ni-rich LiNixMnyCo1-x-yO2 (x>0.5) (NMC) materials have attracted a great deal of interest as promising cathode candidates for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their low cost and high energy density. However, several issues, including sensitivity to moisture, difficulty in reproducibly preparing well-controlled morphology particles and, poor cyclability, have hindered their large scale deployment; especially for electric vehicle (EV) applications. In this work, we have developed a uniform, highly stable, high-energy density, Ni-rich LiNi0...
September 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938057/outbreak-of-drepanopeziza-fungus-in-aspen-forests-and-variation-in-stand-susceptibility-leaf-functional-traits-compensatory-growth-and-phenology
#17
Anson C Call, Samuel B St Clair
In the spring of 2015, a severe outbreak of the necrotrophic pathogen Drepanopeziza (also known as Marssonina) spread across large portions of aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) forests in the western United States. Among adjacent stands, some were diseased and others were not. Drepanopeziza infection in diseased aspen stands stimulated compensatory growth of second-flush leaves at the top of the canopy. These patterns of infection provided an opportunity to characterize associations of pathogen infection and leaf functional traits...
September 1, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938011/a-novel-hazard-assessment-method-for-biomass-gasification-stations-based-on-extended-set-pair-analysis
#18
Fang Yan, Kaili Xu, Deshun Li, Zhikai Cui
Biomass gasification stations are facing many hazard factors, therefore, it is necessary to make hazard assessment for them. In this study, a novel hazard assessment method called extended set pair analysis (ESPA) is proposed based on set pair analysis (SPA). However, the calculation of the connection degree (CD) requires the classification of hazard grades and their corresponding thresholds using SPA for the hazard assessment. In regard to the hazard assessment using ESPA, a novel calculation algorithm of the CD is worked out when hazard grades and their corresponding thresholds are unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937980/methanobrevibacter-attenuation-via-probiotic-intervention-reduces-flatulence-in-adult-human-a-non-randomised-paired-design-clinical-trial-of-efficacy
#19
Minseok Seo, Jaeyoung Heo, Joon Yoon, Se-Young Kim, Yoon-Mo Kang, Jihyun Yu, Seoae Cho, Heebal Kim
TRIAL DESIGN: The aim of this study was to investigate which of the gut microbes respond to probiotic intervention, as well as study whether they are associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in a healthy adult human. For the experimental purpose, twenty-one healthy adults were recruited and received probiotic mixture, which is composed of five Lactobacilli strains and two Bifidobacteria strains, once a day for 60 days. Defecation survey and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis were conducted pre- and post-administration to measure phenotypic differences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937959/prenatal-fluoride-exposure-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-children-at-4-and-6-12-years-of-age-in-mexico
#20
Morteza Bashash, Deena Thomas, Howard Hu, E Angeles Martinez-Mier, Brisa N Sanchez, Niladri Basu, Karen E Peterson, Adrienne S Ettinger, Robert Wright, Zhenzhen Zhang, Yun Liu, Lourdes Schnaas, Adriana Mercado-García, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that fluoride may be neurotoxic to children. Few of the epidemiologic studies have been longitudinal, had individual measures of fluoride exposure, addressed the impact of prenatal exposures or involved more than 100 participants. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the association of prenatal exposure to fluoride with offspring neurocognitive development. METHODS: We studied participants from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) project...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
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