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Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Inga Niedtfeld, Ruth Schmitt, Dorina Winter, Martin Bohus, Christian Schmahl, Sabine C Herpertz
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by affective instability, but self-injurious behavior appears to have an emotion-regulating effect. We investigated whether pain-mediated affect regulation can be altered at the neural level by residential Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), providing adaptive emotion regulation techniques. Likewise, we investigated whether pain thresholds or the appraisal of pain change after psychotherapy. We investigated 28 patients with BPD undergoing DBT (self-referral), 15 patients with treatment as usual and 23 healthy control subjects at two time points 12 weeks apart...
May 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Assessing DSM-5 nonsuicidal self-injury disorder in a clinical sample" by Jason J. Washburn, Lauren M. Potthoff, K. R. Juzwin and Denise M. Styer (Psychological Assessment, 2015[Mar], Vol 27[1], 31-41). In the Method section, in the subsection Alexian Brothers Assessment of Self-Injury (ABASI), the first sentence of the third paragraph should read: "Examination of the specific NSI disorder criteria indicates the prominence of the first symptom in Criterion C. Symptom C-1, which evaluates the experience of interpersonal difficulties or negative thoughts or feelings immediately prior to engaging in selfinjury, was the most endorsed symptom of NSI disorder; 100% of those meeting criteria for NSI Disorder endorsed Symptom C-1 on the ABASI...
September 2015: Psychological Assessment
Daniel Feingold, Uri Nitzan, Gideon Ratzoni, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have reported a world-wide increase in the rates of alcohol use among adolescents. Research has shown a strong link between alcohol abuse and psychiatric disorders. This study explored the clinical and demographic correlates of adolescents with a history of alcohol abuse (AA) compared to adolescents with no history of alcohol abuse (NAA) among a group of adolescent psychiatric inpatients in Israel. METHOD: Two hundred and thirty-eight subjects were screened, all were patients consecutively admitted to an adolescent inpatient unit at a university-affiliated mental health center in Israel during a 4-year period RESULT: Patients in the AA group were more prone to have a history of suicide attempts and self-injury compared to patients in the NAA group...
2014: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Amy M Brausch, Shannon D Boone
The relationship between frequency of nonsuicidal selfinjury (NSSI) and suicide attempts, substance use, and disordered eating was assessed in a community sample of 4,839 adolescents, 922 of whom reported NSSI in the past year. It was expected that the engagement in risk behaviors would significantly increase as NSSI frequency increased. Participants completed the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009) and were subdivided into five NSSI frequency groups: none, 1 time, 2-3 times, 4-5 times, and 6 or more times...
February 13, 2015: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Ricard Navinés, Fernando Gutierrez, Belen Arranz, Jose Moreno-España, María Luisa Ímaz, Victoria Soler, Mireia Vázquez, Juan Carlos Pascual, Rocío Martín-Santos, David A Kahn
Repeated self-harm usually presents with associated psychopathology, mostly in the form of obsessive-compulsive disorder, malingering, or personality disorders, and may persist for many years. This case presentation focuses on self-harm involving the deliberate ingestion of foreign bodies. This behavior remains poorly understood, and the relevant literature focuses almost entirely on gastroenterological and surgical management, with little or no discussion of underlying psychological mechanisms, psychopathology, or psychotherapeutic intervention...
January 2013: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Deena A Nardi, Sue Barrett
The regulatory bodies of both the United States and United Kingdom have issued cautionary statements about prescribing antidepressant medications to treat major depressive disorder (MDD) in children younger than age 18. Despite these cautions, antidepressant agents, particularly SSRIs and serotonin activators, are regularly used to treat MDD in this age group, and increasingly so in very young children. This article considers the possible effects of antidepressant agents on the growth and development of children younger than age 18 and provides recommendations for the use and careful monitoring of these medications, including screening for physiological effects, selfinjurious behavior, and suicidal ideation...
January 2005: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 1959: Die Medizinische
P Fehlow
It is reported on a 14-year-old girl with a hirsutism gingival fibromatosis syndrome, which is combined with moderate generalised muscle hypotonia, inhibition of physical maturation, severe scoliosis, diastasis recti abdominis and aplasia of a rib. Psychically there are idioty, autism and severe selfinjurious behaviour.
1990: Pädiatrie und Grenzgebiete
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