Read by QxMD icon Read


Keiko Nagahara, Daisuke Ariyasu, Junko Igaki, Yuki Hasegawa, Yukihiro Hasegawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
Ming Song, Xiaohong Li, Xiang Zhang, Hongxue Shi, Miriam B Vos, Xiaoli Wei, Yuhua Wang, Hong Gao, Eric C Rouchka, Xinmin Yin, Zhanxiang Zhou, Russell A Prough, Matthew C Cave, Craig J McClain
Dietary copper-fructose interactions contribute to the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Gut microbiota play critical roles in the pathogenesis of NAFLD. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different dietary doses of copper and their interactions with high fructose on gut microbiome. Male weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets with adequate copper (6 ppm, CuA), marginal copper (1.5 ppm, CuM) (low-copper) or supplemented copper (20 ppm, CuS) (high-copper) for 4 weeks...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
X P Wan, P Xie, Z Bu, X T Zou
This study aimed to evaluate the hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism-related parameters of adult male and female White King pigeons (Columba livia) during incubation and chick rearing. At day 4 (I4), 10 (I10) and 17 (I17) of incubation and day 1 (R1), 7 (R7), 15 (R15) and 25 (R25) of chick rearing, livers were sampled from six pigeons for each sex. Glycogen and fat contents, activities of glycolytic enzymes (hexokinase, HK; 6-phosphofructokinase, 6-PFK), and genes expressions of key enzymes involved in glycolysis (pyruvate kinase, PK; glucokinase, GK), gluconeogenesis (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase cytosolic, PCK1; fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, FBP1; glucose-6-phosphatase, G6Pase), fatty acid synthesis (fatty acid synthase, FAS; acetyl-CoA carboxylase, ACC) and fatty acid β-oxidation (carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1, CPT1; acyl-CoA 1, ACO) were measured...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Tanaporn Khamphaya, Natsasi Chukijrungroat, Vitoon Saengsirisuwan, Kisha A Mitchell-Richards, Marie E Robert, Albert Mennone, Michael H Nathanson, Jittima Weerachayaphorn
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease worldwide. It may result in several types of liver problems including impaired liver regeneration, but the mechanism for this is unknown. Because liver regeneration depends on calcium signaling, we examined the effects of NAFLD on expression of the type II inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (ITPR2), the principle calcium release channel in hepatocytes. ITPR2 promoter activity was measured in Huh7 and HepG2 cells. ITPR2 and c-Jun protein levels were evaluated in Huh7 cells, in liver tissue from a rat model of NAFLD and in liver biopsy specimens of patients with simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Semassa Adjobignon Josiane, Anihouvi Victor Bienvenu, Padonou Segla Wilfried, Adjanohoun Adolphe, Aly Djima, Gbenou Joachin, Baba-Moussa Lamine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A wide range of maize varieties is used in Benin but information on the nutritional characteristics of these varieties are not well known. This study aims to assess the nutritional composition of maize varieties in use in the southern region of Benin with the purpose of providing consumers accurate information for better choice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Moisture, ash, protein, fiber and fat contents were determined according to Association of Official Analytical Chemists and American Association of Cereal Chemists methods...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Maria Wichmann Mortensen, Camilla Spagner, Cătălina Cuparencu, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben, Lars Ove Dragsted
PURPOSE: Berries and mixed berry products exert acute effects on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia, but very few berries have been studied, and primarily in normal weight subjects. Sea buckthorn and strawberry are compositionally widely different berries and may likely produce different responses. The effects of strawberry and sea buckthorn on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia were examined in overweight or obese male subjects. Subjective appetite sensations and ad libitum intake were also examined...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
Erik J Landry, Sam J Fuchs, Vicki L Bradley, R C Johnson
Understanding cold acclimation and identifying the low molecular weight carbohydrates that support the development of freezing tolerant safflower seedlings will aid in breeding winter-hardy cultivars for temperate cropping systems. Three field selected lines of winter safflower (WSRC01: PI 651878; WSRC02: PI 651879; WSRC03: PI 651880) were cold acclimated for four weeks at 4 °C and compared to seedlings grown for two weeks at 20 °C. The commercial spring-type cultivar, Olé, served as a non-hardy check. Leaf, stem, and root fructose, glucose, sucrose, raffinose, and stachyose concentrations all increased to variable extents across the PI accessions after cold acclimation...
September 2017: Heliyon
Jason Ziveri, Fabiola Tros, Ida Chiara Guerrera, Cerina Chhuon, Mathilde Audry, Marion Dupuis, Monique Barel, Sarantis Korniotis, Simon Fillatreau, Lara Gales, Edern Cahoreau, Alain Charbit
The enzyme fructose-bisphosphate aldolase occupies a central position in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis pathways. Beyond its housekeeping role in metabolism, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase has been involved in additional functions and is considered as a potential target for drug development against pathogenic bacteria. Here, we address the role of fructose-bisphosphate aldolase in the bacterial pathogen Francisella novicida. We demonstrate that fructose-bisphosphate aldolase is important for bacterial multiplication in macrophages in the presence of gluconeogenic substrates...
October 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Peter Mirtschink, Cholsoon Jang, Zoltan Arany, Wilhelm Krek
Despite strong indications that increased consumption of added sugars correlates with greater risks of developing cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), independent of the caloric intake, the worldwide sugar consumption remains high. In considering the negative health impact of overconsumption of dietary sugars, increased attention is recently being given to the role of the fructose component of high-sugar foods in driving CMS. The primary organs capable of metabolizing fructose include liver, small intestine, and kidneys...
September 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
Michael S Eaton, Nicholas Weinstein, Jordan B Newby, Maggie M Plattes, Hanna E Foster, Jon W Arthur, Taylor D Ward, Stephen R Shively, Ryann Shor, Justin Nathan, Hannah M Davis, Lilian I Plotkin, Eric M Wauson, Brian J Dewar, Aaron Broege, Jonathan W Lowery
The taste receptor type 1 (TAS1R) family of heterotrimeric G protein-coupled receptors participates in monitoring energy and nutrient status. TAS1R member 3 (TAS1R3) is a bi-functional protein that recognizes amino acids such as L-glycine and L-glutamate or sweet molecules such as sucrose and fructose when dimerized with TAS1R member 1 (TAS1R1) or TAS1R member 2 (TAS1R2), respectively. It was recently reported that deletion of TAS1R3 expression in Tas1R3 mutant mice leads to increased cortical bone mass but the underlying cellular mechanism leading to this phenotype remains unclear...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Joo-Yeon Chung, Yoo-Sun Kim, Yuri Kim, Sang-Ho Yoo
Increased sugar consumption has been proposed to be a risk factor for obesity-related metabolic disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of turanose in Raw 264.7 macrophages. Turanose (3-O-α-D-glucosyl-D-fructose), an isomer of sucrose, naturally exists in honey. For these studies, macrophages were treated with total glucose (Glu), 50% Glu/50% turanose (T50), 25% Glu/75% turanose (T75), and 100% turanose (T100), each with a total concentration of 25 mM in cell media...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Alberto Jiménez-Maldonado, Zhe Ying, Hyae Ran Byun, Fernando Gomez-Pinilla
Chronic fructose ingestion is linked to the global epidemic of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and poses a serious threat to brain function. We asked whether a short period (one week) of fructose ingestion potentially insufficient to establish peripheral metabolic disorder could impact brain function. We report that the fructose treatment had no effect on liver/body weight ratio, weight gain, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, was sufficient to reduce several aspects of hippocampal plasticity. Fructose consumption reduced the levels of the neuronal nuclear protein NeuN, Myelin Basic Protein, and the axonal growth-associated protein 43, concomitant with a decline in hippocampal weight...
October 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Alexandre Foito, Christine Anne Hackett, Derek Stewart, Janaki Velmurugan, Dan Milbourne, Stephen L Byrne, Susanne Barth
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the mapping of biochemical traits have been reported in Lolium perenne. Although the mapped traits, including individual sugars and fatty acids, contribute greatly towards ruminant productivity, organic acids and amino acids have been largely understudied despite their influence on the ruminal microbiome. RESULTS: In this study, we used a targeted gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) approach to profile the levels of 25 polar metabolites from different classes (sugars, amino acids, phenolic acids, organic acids and other nitrogen-containing compounds) present in a L...
October 10, 2017: BMC Genetics
Sadaqat Ijaz, Muhammad Yasir Zahoor, Muhammad Imran, Khushnooda Ramzan, Munir Ahmad Bhinder, Hussain Shakeel, Muhammad Iqbal, Asim Aslam, Wasim Shehzad, Huma Arshad Cheema, Habib Rehman
BACKGROUND: Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) deficiency is a rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia, ketosis and lactic acidosis. FBPase is encoded by FBP1 gene and catalyzes the hydrolysis of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate in the last step of gluconeogenesis. We report here FBP1 mutations in nine consanguineous Pakistani families affected with FBPase deficiency. METHODS: Nine families having one or two individuals affected with FBPase deficiency were enrolled over a period of 3 years...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Yu Wang, Zhi-Jian Lin, An-Zheng Nie, Li-Yu Li, Bing Zhang
Sixty SD male rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, benzbromarone group(20 mg•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹), chicory extract high dose, middle dose and low dose groups (5, 7.5, 10 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹). The rats in normal group were given with water, and the rats in other groups were given with 10% fructose solution to establish hyperuricemia models. All the rats were sacrificed on the 42th day. Then their serum uric acid(SUA), serum creatinine(CRE), urea nitrogen(BUN) and urinary uric acid(UUA) levels were detected to calculate the clearance rate of uric acid in kidney(CUA)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Megan Rossi, Raphael Aggio, Heidi M Staudacher, Miranda C Lomer, James O Lindsay, Peter Irving, Chris Probert, Kevin Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary interventions are effective in management of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), although responses vary. We investigated whether fecal levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associate with response to dietary interventions in patients with IBS. METHODS: Adults who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for IBS were recruited to a 2x2 factorial randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomly assigned to a group counselled to follow a diet low in fructans, galacto-oligosaccharides, lactose, fructose, and polyols (low-FODMAP diet, n=46) or a group that received placebo dietary advice (sham diet, n=47) for 4 weeks...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Gilles Clément, Michaël Moison, Fabienne Soulay, Michèle Reisdorf-Cren, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse
Leaf senescence is a long developmental process important for nutrient management and for source to sink remobilization. Constituents of the mesophyll cells are progressively degraded to provide nutrients to the rest of the plant. Up to now, studies on leaf senescence have not paid much attention to the role of the different leaf tissues. In the present study, we dissected leaf laminae from the midvein to perform metabolite profiling. The laminae mesophyll cells are the source of nutrients, and in C3 plants they contain Rubisco as the most important nitrogen storage pool...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Haoran Li, Mengjiao Li, Yangyang Pang, Fei Liu, Dong Sheng, Xi Cheng
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase-1 (FBP1), a gluconeogenesis rate-limiting enzyme expressed in various tissues, is important in the carcinogenesis of various cancers. To evaluate the association of FBP1 expression and carcinogenesis and chemoresistance in cervical cancer, the present study analyzed 140 patients of squamous cell carcinoma of cervical cancer (CSCC) who had adjuvant concurrent chemoradiation therapy following radical surgery. By detecting FBP1 protein expression in paraffin‑embedded tumor tissues through immunohistochemistry, it was observed that 50% of the cases had a low expression of FBP1, which was associated with a shorter overall survival time (P=0...
September 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
K Komori, J Huang, N Mizushima, S Ko, T Tatsuma, Y Sakai
Graphene edge sites not only facilitate heterogeneous electron transfer reactions of redox species because of localization of electrons, but also allow sensitivities and selectivities to be tuned by controlling the atomic oxygen/carbon (O/C) ratio. Here, we immobilized fructose dehydrogenase (FDH) onto the surface of cup-stacked carbon nanofibers (CSCNFs), which provide highly ordered graphene edges with a controlled O/C ratio, and investigated the direct electron communication with FDH. As the O/C ratio decreased at the CSCNF surface, the negative zeta potential was mitigated and the electrochemical communication with FDH was facilitated...
October 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Satya Narayan Patel, Vishal Singh, Manisha Sharma, Rajender S Sangwan, Nitin K Singhal, Sudhir P Singh
The aim of the study was to covalently immobilize Smt3-D-psicose 3-epimerase onto functionalized iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. After immobilization, Km of the immobilized enzyme increased, however, Vmax was nearly the same as that of its free form, indicating that immobilization has no detrimental effects on its catalytic output. The covalent immobilization caused a reduction in the deactivation rate constant (kd) values leading to 4-5 fold enhancement in its half-life at 50-65°C, indicating significant thermal stability of the iron-enzyme nanobioconjugate...
September 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"