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Women heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141329/-association-between-illness-and-mental-status-in-pregnant-women-and-birth-defects
#1
D D Zhao, Y X Dai, L Q Guo, R Liu, H L Wang, B B Mi, S N Dang, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of birth defects, related diseases and mental status of women during pregnancy in Shaanxi province and to analyse the major risk factors on birth defects and congenital heart disease. Possible association between maternal diseases or mental status and the risk of birth defects, was also explored. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. The whole survey was from Jury 2013 to November 2013. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the association between maternal diseases, mental status during pregnancy and birth defects...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141201/cardiovascular-risk-and-statin-eligibility-of-young-adults-after-an-myocardial-infarction-partners-young-mi-registry
#2
Avinainder Singh, Bradley L Collins, Ankur Gupta, Amber Fatima, Arman Qamar, David Biery, Julio Baez, Mary Cawley, Josh Klein, Jon Hainer, Jorge Plutzky, Christopher P Cannon, Khurram Nasir, Marcelo F Di Carli, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: Despite significant progress in primary prevention, the rate of MI has not declined in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate statin eligibility based on the 2013 American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for treatment of blood cholesterol and 2016 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for statin use in primary prevention in a cohort of adults who experienced a first-time myocardial infarction (MI) at a young age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141071/usefulness-of-total-12-lead-qrs-voltage-as-a-clue-to-diagnosis-of-patients-with-cardiac-sarcoidosis-severe-enough-to-warrant-orthotopic-heart-transplant
#3
William C Roberts, Tiffany M Becker, Shelley A Hall
Importance: Severe heart failure caused by cardiac sarcoidosis is difficult to diagnosis without biopsy. Objective: To assess whether total electrocardiographic 12-lead QRS voltage may be a clue to diagnosis. Design, Setting, Participants: Case-series study with cases collected at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, from January 13, 2005, to January 24, 2017. The clinical records of 16 patients with severe heart failure caused by cardiac sarcoidosis were studied...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136712/-long-term-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-in-pregnant-women-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Q T Ou, J K Lu, J Zhang, Y Chen, Q Li, J L Zhang
Objective: To investigate the perinatal outcome, risk factors and long-term outcome of pregnancy complicated with pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) and congenital heart diseases (CHD). Methods: Clinical data of 110 pregnant women who were diagnosed as PAH-CHD were retrospectively analyzed in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Surgical Intensive Care Unit at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2004 to 2013. The survival and treatment status were followed up. Results: 110 subjects consisted of 11 mild PAH, 33 moderate and 66 severe ones...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#6
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135784/fitness-fatness-physical-activity-and-autonomic-function-in-midlife
#7
Antti M Kiviniemi, Nelli Perkiömäki, Juha Auvinen, Maisa Niemelä, Tuija Tammelin, Katri Puukka, Aimo Ruokonen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Mikko P Tulppo, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Timo Jämsä, Heikki V Huikuri, Raija Korpelainen
PURPOSE: Although low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), physical inactivity, and obesity are associated with impaired autonomic function, they are also extensively interrelated. The present study aimed to assess the extent to which they contribute to autonomic function independently of each other. METHODS: At the age of 46 yr, 1383 men and 1761 women without cardiorespiratory diseases and diabetes underwent assessments of vagally mediated heart rate (HR) variability (root mean square of successive differences in R-R interval (rMMSD)), peak HR during a submaximal step test (CRF), and 60-s HR recovery (HRR)...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134857/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-in-european-adults
#8
Adilson Marques, Teresa Santos, João Martins, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Miguel González Valeiro
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and are considered to be at epidemic levels worldwide. This is a cross-sectional multi-country study based on data from the European Social Survey round 7, 2014, comprising 30,826 participants (14,813 men) with mean age 50.4 ± 18.0. Physical activity and chronic diseases were self-reported. Men and women who practiced physical activity more often had lower odds of having heart problems, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Engaged in physical activity 2-4 times/week and ≥5 times/week decrease the odds of having heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, compared with men and women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133472/rheumatic-heart-disease-treatment-cascade-in-uganda
#9
Chris T Longenecker, Stephen R Morris, Twalib O Aliku, Andrea Beaton, Marco A Costa, Moses R Kamya, Cissy Kityo, Peter Lwabi, Grace Mirembe, Dorah Nampijja, Joselyn Rwebembera, Craig Sable, Robert A Salata, Amy Scheel, Daniel I Simon, Isaac Ssinabulya, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a leading cause of premature death and disability in low-income countries; however, few receive optimal benzathine penicillin G (BPG) therapy to prevent disease progression. We aimed to comprehensively describe the treatment cascade for RHD in Uganda to identify appropriate targets for intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the Uganda RHD Registry (n=1504), we identified the proportion of patients in the following care categories: (1) diagnosed and alive as of June 1, 2016; (2) retained in care; (3) appropriately prescribed BPG; and (4) optimally adherent to BPG (>80% of prescribed doses)...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133364/day-by-day-variability-of-home-blood-pressure-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-clinical-practice-the-j-hop-study-japan-morning-surge-home-blood-pressure
#10
Satoshi Hoshide, Yuichiro Yano, Hiroyuki Mizuno, Hiroshi Kanegae, Kazuomi Kario
We assessed the relationship between day-by-day home blood pressure (BP) variability and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in clinical practice. J-HOP study (Japan Morning Surge-Home Blood Pressure) participants underwent home BP monitoring in the morning and evening for a 14-day period, and their BP levels and BP variability independent of the mean (VIM) were assessed. Incident CVD events included coronary heart disease and stroke. Cox models were fitted to assess the home BP variability-CVD risk association...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132775/-maternal-deaths-due-to-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#11
D Chassard, E Verspyck
Between 2010 and 2012, 29 maternal deaths were caused by cardiovascular disease, i.e. an overall maternal mortality ratio of 1.2 per 100,000 live births. Deaths occurred in pre-existing heart disease (n=19), peripartum cardiomyopathy (n=5), or arterial rupture (n=5). Care was considered non-optimal in three of five patients with congenital heart disease and due to delayed management by specialized teams. Pregnant patients with heart disease should be considered to be at high risk of mortality or severe cardiovascular complications and therefore reoriented as soon as possible to a perinatal center with the expertise of these pathologies...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132199/non-fasting-triglyceride-levels-in-the-korean-population-with-and-without-ischemic-heart-disease-and-cerebrovascular-disease
#12
Seo Young Lee, Bo Kyung Koo, Min Kyong Moon
Background/Aims: Associations between non-fasting triglyceride (TG) levels and a risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) have been suggested in Caucasians. We aimed to investigate whether non-fasting TG levels reflect the risk of IHD/CVA in Koreans. Methods: We conducted an analysis of patients aged ≥ 30 years from the nationwide survey database. Fasting TG was defined as a measurement taken ≥ 12 hours since the last meal. Non-fasting TG was categorized by fasting duration of 0 to 3, 4 to 7, and 8 to 11 hours...
November 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131895/association-of-blood-pressure-lowering-with-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-across-blood-pressure-levels-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mattias Brunström, Bo Carlberg
Importance: High blood pressure (BP) is the most important risk factor for death and cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide. The optimal cutoff for treatment of high BP is debated. Objective: To assess the association between BP lowering treatment and death and CVD at different BP levels. Data Sources: Previous systematic reviews were identified from PubMed, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effect...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131289/negative-predictors-of-treatment-success-in-outpatient-therapy-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-results-of-the-control-nt-observational-registry
#14
Krzysztof J Filipiak, Mariusz Tomaniak, Anna E Płatek, Filip M Szymański, Andrzej Tykarski
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors interfering with adequate control of arterial hypertension in the course of antihypertensive therapy is necessary to plan the strategy or reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disorders and optimize clinical practice guidelines. There have only been limited reliable studies describing the current status of hypertension treatment. AIM: The study objective was to conduct a screening assessment of the rate of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients coming to a routine follow-up visit, and to characterize patients with inadequate control of arterial hypertension in the aspect of their cardiovascular risk profile and therapeutic strategies used...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129895/impact-of-alcohol-intake-and-drinking-patterns-on-mortality-from-all-causes-and-major-causes-of-death-in-a-japanese-population
#15
Eiko Saito, Manami Inoue, Norie Sawada, Hadrien Charvat, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Tetsuya Mizoue, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: We examined the associations of alcohol consumption and liver holidays with all-cause mortality and with mortality due to cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and injury using a large-scale prospective study in Japan. METHODS: We followed 102,849 Japanese who were aged between 40 and 69 years at baseline for 18.2 years on average, during which 15,203 deaths were reported. Associations between alcohol intake and mortality risk were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model, with analysis by the number of liver holidays (in which a person abstains from drinking for several days a week)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129576/cardiometabolic-outcomes-and-mortality-in-medically-treated-primary-aldosteronism-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Gregory L Hundemer, Gary C Curhan, Nicholas Yozamp, Molin Wang, Anand Vaidya
BACKGROUND: Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists are the recommended medical therapy for primary aldosteronism. Whether this recommendation effectively reduces cardiometabolic risk is not well understood. We aimed to investigate the risk of incident cardiovascular events in patients with primary aldosteronism treated with MR antagonists compared with patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: We did a cohort study using patients from a research registry from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, and their affiliated partner hospitals...
November 9, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127059/hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-general-aspects
#17
REVIEW
Sverre E Kjeldsen
Hypertension is the strongest or one of the strongest risk factors for almost all different cardiovascular diseases acquired during life, including coronary disease, left ventricular hypertrophy and valvular heart diseases, cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, cerebral stroke and renal failure. The continuous relationship between blood pressure and cardiovascular and renal events makes the distinction between high normal blood pressure and hypertension based on arbitrary cut-off values for blood pressures...
November 7, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126909/-demographic-analysis-of-a-congenital-heart-disease-clinic-of-the-mexican-institute-of-social-security-with-special-interest-in-the-adult
#18
Horacio Márquez-González, Lucelli Yáñez-Gutiérrez, Jimena Lucely Rivera-May, Diana López-Gallegos, Eduardo Almeida-Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart disease (CHD) has an incidence of 8-10 cases per 1000 live births. In Mexico, there are 18,000-20,000 new cases per year. Most tertiary care centers for CHD attend only pediatric population; the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) has a clinic that attends pediatric and adult population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the demographic aspects of the CHD clinic of IMSS. METHODS: From 2011 to 2016 a cross-sectional study of the CC clinic of a third level hospital of the IMSS, including all patients with confirmed structural heart disease of recent diagnosis was carried out...
November 7, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125183/ovarian-surgery-for-symptom-relief-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122997/level-of-moderate-intensity-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-reduced-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese
#20
Ying Liu, Wanqing Wen, Yu-Tang Gao, Hong-Lan Li, Gong Yang, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have prospectively evaluated the association of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with mortality in Asians, who are more susceptible to insulin resistance than their Caucasian counterparts. METHODS: Data from two large prospective cohort studies conducted in Shanghai were evaluated. After excluding participants who had a history of cancer, coronary heart disease or stroke at baseline, or who died within the first 3 years after study enrolment, 53 839 men and 66 888 women, followed for an average of 9...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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