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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637329/health-benefits-associated-with-three-helping-behaviors-evidence-for-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Jeffrey A Burr, Saehwang Han, Hyo Jung Lee, Jane L Tavares, Jan E Mutchler
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between three helping behaviors and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD; heart attack, stroke; fatal and nonfatal), with an exploration of gender differences. The study is framed within the caregiving system model. Helping others is argued to be an evolved characteristic of humans that yields beneficial health effects. Methods: Data were taken from the 2004-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
June 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634217/incident-cardiovascular-disease-among-adults-with-blood-pressure-140-90-mm-hg
#2
Gabriel S Tajeu, John N Booth, Lisandro D Colantonio, Rebecca F Gottesman, George Howard, Daniel T Lackland, Emily O'Brien, Suzanne Oparil, Joseph E Ravenell, Monika M Safford, Samantha R Seals, Daichi Shimbo, Steven Shea, Tanya M Spruill, Rikki M Tanner, Paul Muntner
Background -Data from before the 2000s indicate the majority of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events occur among US adults with systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)≥140/90 mmHg. Over the past several decades, BP declined and hypertension control has improved. Methods -We estimated the percentage of incident CVD events that occur at SBP/DBP<140/90 mmHg in a pooled analysis of three contemporary US cohorts: the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), and the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) (n=31,856; REGARDS=21,208; MESA=6,779; JHS=3,869)...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634036/the-influence-of-sex-and-age-on-ventricular-arrhythmia-in-a-population-based-registry
#3
Kimberly Styles, John Sapp, Martin Gardner, Christopher Gray, Amir Abdelwahab, Ciorsti MacIntyre, Dongsheng Gao, Mousa Al-Harbi, Steve Doucette, Chris Theriault, Ratika Parkash
BACKGROUND: Post-hoc analyses of clinical trials and population-based studies have shown no difference in mortality between men and women, but often show that men are more likely to receive appropriate ICD therapy. We utilized a population-based registry to investigate the interaction of sex and age and the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmia in an ICD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 776 consecutive patients receiving an ICD for primary or secondary prevention in a provincial ICD registry were studied...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633804/protective-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-progression-to-end-stage-renal-disease-necessity-for-prospective-clinical-trial
#4
Chen-Yi Liao, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chai-Chao Wu, Fu-Huang Lin, Chang-Huei Tsao, Chih-Chiang Wang, Wu-Chien Chien
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the potential benefits of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression to dialysis-requiring end-stage renal disease (ESRDd). METHODS: In a population-based cohort study of 145,062 individuals, 123,608 CKD patients who were followed up for 10years were included, and CKD patients treated with NAC (ICD-9-CM) were compared with those who were not treated. Using propensity score matching, we analyzed the predictors of CKD progression to ESRDd by Cox proportional hazards regression with adjustments for sex, age, and comorbidities, and evaluated the effect of NAC using cumulative defined daily dose (cDDD)...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633342/biomarker-calibrated-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-postmenopausal-women
#5
Ross L Prentice, Ying Huang, Marian L Neuhouser, JoAnn E Manson, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Fridtjof Thomas, Lesley F Tinker, Matthew Allison, Karen C Johnson, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Arjun Seth, Jacques E Rossouw, James Shikany, Laura D Carbone, Lisa W Martin, Marcia L Stefanick, Bernhard Haring, Linda Van Horn
Studies of sodium and potassium intake and cardiovascular disease incidence often rely on self-reported dietary data. Here self-reported intakes from postmenopausal women at 40 participating U.S. clinical centers are calibrated using 24-hour urinary excretion measures in Women's Health Initiative cohorts, with follow-up over 1993-2010. Hypertension incidence related positively to (calibrated) sodium intake and to the ratio of sodium-to-potassium. The sodium-to-potassium ratio was associated with cardiovascular disease incidence during a 12-year average follow-up period...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629624/the-protective-role-of-oestradiol-against-silent-myocardial-ischemia-and-hypertension-risk-in-south-african-men-the-sabpa-study
#6
Nicolaas T Malan, Roland von Känel, Hendrik S Steyn, Ruan Kruger, Leoné Malan
BACKGROUND: Oestradiol has a protective effect on coronary artery health in women but the effect it has on men, is controversial. A translational approach was followed to assess whether sex hormone levels are associated with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and hypertension risk over a 3year period. METHODS: Participants included 89 Black and 91 White men (aged 21-63years) participating in both phases of the Sympathetic activity and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Africans prospective study...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628144/-application-of-the-china-par-risk-prediction-model-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-rural-northern-chinese-population
#7
X Tang, D D Zhang, L He, Y Cao, J W Wang, N Li, S P Huang, H D Dou, P Gao, Y H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To validate five-year risk prediction models for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in a contemporary rural Northern Chinese population. METHODS: Totally 6 489 rural adults aged 40 to 79 years without clinical ASCVD were enrolled at baseline between June and August 2010, and followed up through January 2017. Expected prediction risk using the China-PAR (prediction for ASCVD risk in China) model was compared with the pooled cohort equations (PCE) reported in the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626956/markedly-increased-incidence-of-critical-illness-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
R A Marrie, E A C Sellers, H Chen, R Fransoo, C N Bernstein, C A Hitchon, C A Peschken, A Garland
AIMS: To compare the incidence of and mortality after intensive care unit admission in adults with paediatric-onset Type 1 diabetes vs the general population. METHODS: Using population-based administrative data from Manitoba, Canada, we identified 814 cases of paediatric-onset Type 1 diabetes, and 3579 general population controls matched on age, sex and region of residence. We estimated the incidence of intensive care unit admission in adulthood, and compared the findings between populations using incidence rate ratios and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression, adjusting for age, sex, comorbidity and socio-economic status...
June 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626830/overweight-obesity-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-120%C3%A2-813-adults-from-16-cohort-studies-from-the-usa-and-europe
#9
Mika Kivimäki, Eeva Kuosma, Jane E Ferrie, Ritva Luukkonen, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Eric J Brunner, Eleonor Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Martin J Shipley, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Mark Hamer, Joshua A Bell, Adam G Tabak, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity have been studied in relation to individual cardiometabolic diseases, their association with risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is poorly understood. Here we aimed to establish the risk of incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity (ie, at least two from: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke) in adults who are overweight and obese compared with those who are a healthy weight. METHODS: We pooled individual-participant data for BMI and incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity from 16 prospective cohort studies from the USA and Europe...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624486/modifiable-risk-factors-for-incident-heart%C3%A2-failure-in-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Neal A Chatterjee, Claudia U Chae, Eunjung Kim, M Vinayaga Moorthy, David Conen, Roopinder K Sandhu, Nancy R Cook, I-Min Lee, Christine M Albert
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify modifiable risk factors and estimate the impact of risk factor modification on heart failure (HF) risk in women with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Incident HF is the most common nonfatal event in patients with AF, although strategies for HF prevention are lacking. METHODS: We assessed 34,736 participants in the Women's Health Study who were free of prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline...
May 31, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624484/progression-to-stage-d-heart-failure-among-outpatients-with-stage-c-heart-failure-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#11
Andreas P Kalogeropoulos, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Jeffrey S Hedley, Andrew A McCue, Jonathan B Bjork, David W Markham, Kunal N Bhatt, Vasiliki V Georgiopoulou, Andrew L Smith, Javed Butler
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to estimate the rate of progression to Stage D heart failure (HF) among outpatients with Stage C HF and to identify risk factors for progression. BACKGROUND: The pool of patients who may be candidates for advanced HF therapies is growing. METHODS: We estimated 3-year progression to clinically determined Stage D HF and competing mortality among 964 outpatients with Stage C heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), where ejection fraction is ≤40%...
June 14, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624395/statin-trials-cardiovascular-events-and%C3%A2-coronary-artery-calcification-implications-for-a-trial-based-approach-to-statin-therapy-in%C3%A2-mesa
#12
Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Erling Falk, Dong Li, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha, Veit Sandfort, Carlos Jose Rodriguez, Pamela Ouyang, Matthew Budoff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) could be used to optimize statin allocation among individuals for whom trial-based evidence supports efficacy of statin therapy. BACKGROUND: Recently, allocation of statins was proposed for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) based on proven efficacy from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statin therapy, a so-called trial-based approach. METHODS: The study used data from MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) with 5,600 men and women, 45 to 84 years of age, and free of clinical ASCVD, lipid-lowering therapy, or missing information for risk factors at baseline examination...
June 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622476/the-effect-of-transdermal-estrogen-patch-use-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
Prema Bezwada, Atif Shaikh, Deepika Misra
BACKGROUND: Vasomotor symptoms are the most commonly reported menopausal symptoms. Hormone therapy has been widely used to relieve postmenopausal symptoms. With studies suggesting an increased risk of cardiovascular events and breast cancer with oral hormone therapy use, there has been reluctance to use it. The transdermal estrogen patch provides relief from menopausal symptoms. However, there are limited data on mortality and cardiovascular outcomes, while on the transdermal estrogen patch...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622399/comparative-longterm-mortality-trends-in-cancer-vs-ischemic-heart-disease-in-puerto-rico
#14
David Torres, Luis R Pericchi, Hernando Mattei, Juan C Zevallos
OBJECTIVE: Although contemporary mortality data are important for health assessment and planning purposes, their availability lag several years. Statistical projection techniques can be employed to obtain current estimates. This study aimed to assess annual trends of mortality in Puerto Rico due to cancer and Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), and to predict shorterm and longterm cancer and IHD mortality figures. METHODS: Age-adjusted mortality per 100,000 population projections with a 50% interval probability were calculated utilizing a Bayesian statistical approach of Age-Period-Cohort dynamic model...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622145/clinical-analyses-of-383-cases-with-maternal-cardiac-diseases
#15
Emine Aydin, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Dila Kasapoglu, Gokcen Orgul, Necla Ozer, Murat Yurdakok, M Sinan Beksac
AIM: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of women with heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 383 pregnant women with cardiac diseases were examined. The cases were classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The distribution of the cases according to class, congenital heart diseases, mean birthweight, mean gestational week at delivery, type of delivery [cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery], and cardivascular events (during pregnancy and puerperium) were evaluated...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620545/cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-women-with-self-reported-infertility
#16
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Fangui Sun, J Jojo Cheng, Erika T Chow, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito
BACKGROUND: Amongst women with certain types of ovulatory disorder infertility, the studies are conflicting whether there is an increased risk of long-term cardiovascular disease risk. This paper evaluates the associations of several CVD risk factors among Framingham women with self-reported infertility. METHODS: Women who completed the Framingham Heart Study Third Generation and Omni Cohort 2 Exam 2 (2008-2011), and reported on past history of infertility and current cardiovascular disease status were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619581/-cardiovascular-risk-of-smoking-by-gender
#17
Daniel Thomas
In France, the increase in the prevalence of women's smoking has been major over the past 30 years. The consequences are a significant increase and an unusual precocity of all the women's cardiovascular (CV) pathologies (myocardial infarction, stroke and aortic pathologies). Associated factors (combined oral contraception, unequal distribution of other CV risk factors by sex) increase the CV impact of women's smoking. For the same tobacco use, women have a 25% higher risk of coronary heart disease than men...
June 12, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619008/trends-in-mortality-rates-by-subtypes-of-heart-disease-in-mississippi-1980-2013
#18
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Marinelle Payton
BACKGROUND: Heart disease (HD) is the leading cause of death among Mississippians. However, trends in mortality rates for HD subtypes in Mississippi have not been adequately described. This study examined trends in mortality rates for HD subtypes among adults in Mississippi from 1980 through 2013. METHODS: We used Mississippi Vital Statistics data to calculate age-specific mortality rates for HD subtypes for Mississippians age 35 and older. Cases were identified via underlying cause of death codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and Tenth Revision (ICD-10)...
June 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618843/risk-of-cardiac-death-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-seer-database-analysis
#19
Omar Abdel-Rahman
 Background: Population-based data on the risk of cardiac death among cancer survivors are needed. This scenario was evaluated in cancer survivors (>5 years) registered within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: The SEER database was queried using SEER*Stat to determine the frequency of cardiac death compared to other causes of death; and to determine heart disease-specific and cancer-specific survival rates in survivors of each of the 10 most common cancers in men and women in the SEER database...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618766/relationship-between-blood-glucose-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-spanish-mediterranean-population
#20
Ángel Arturo López-González, Zoe Manzanero, María Teófila Vicente-Herrero, Sheila García-Agudo, María Gil-Llinás, Francisco Moreno-Morcillo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is an intermediate clinical situation between normal glucose levels and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study is to determine how fasting glucose concentrations affect different cardiovascular risk scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted with 59,041 Mediterranean Spanish workers. IFG was determined using the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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