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carotid pseudoaneurysm

Yoshitaka Shimizu, Takahito Okazaki, Tomoaki Hamana, Masahiro Irifune
Treatment of pseudoaneurysms in the internal carotid artery (ICA) is associated with a high risk of cerebral infarction; therefore, vessel ligation for hemostasis must be avoided. A 66-year-old man had intraoral hemorrhaging. At the time of the initial examination, computed tomography angiography showed jaw plate displacement near the ICA. A more detailed image was obtained using digital-subtraction angiography. After evaluation of the image, a pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed. Six days later, there were concerns about aspiration and airway obstruction; therefore, tracheostomy was performed...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anup Singh, Kapil Sikka, Nishchint Jain, Leve Joseph Devarajan
Endovascular treatment is a standard mode of treatment for traumatic cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms with good results and relatively low rates of complications. We describe a case of an unusual, potentially fatal, delayed postoperative event happening in a case of post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm of ICA, which had been previously managed with endovascular coiling.
March 2018: Neurointervention
Michael Young, Greg Imbarrato, Ajeet Gordhan
A 74-year-old male developed cervical carotid artery psuedoaneurysm 8 months after carotid endarterectomy. The patient was successfully managed with dual implantation of flow-diverter and conventional carotid stent. Flow-diverter was placed across the neck of pseudoaneurysm to provide flow diversion while carotid stent was implanted within the lumen of the expanded flow-diverter to approximate and hold the flow diverter proximal and distal to the pseudoaneurysm. Follow-up ultrasonography revealed complete resolution of the pseudoaneurysm...
March 2018: Neurointervention
Gianfranco Varetto, Alessandra Trevisan, Giovanni Barile, Lorenzo Gibello, Flavia Spalla, Edoardo Frola, Daniele Pennica, Pietro Rispoli PhD
BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysm (PA) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication, with an incidence lower than 1%. Most of the cases described report PAs after carotid patch angioplasty and are associated with infection, often caused by Staphylococci. The management of PAs can be surgical, endovascular, or hybrid. METHODS: We herein present the case of an infected carotid PA 27 days after an eversion CEA. We performed a common to internal carotid bypass with the interposition of great saphenous vein (GSV) associated with specific polyantibiotic therapy for 4 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Daniel L Faden, Marion A Hughes, Philippe Lavigne, Brian T Jankowitz, Eric W Wang, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Paul A Gardner, Carl H Snyderman
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic pseudoaneurysms of the cranial base are rare and present unique diagnostic and treatment dilemmas compared with both true aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms outside of the cranial base. There is a dearth of knowledge regarding the management of these complicated lesions. METHODS: Nontraumatic pseudoaneurysms of the cranial base internal carotid artery (ICA) were retrospectively identified at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center through a key word search of cranial base cases from 2010 to 2017...
February 27, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Chien-Hui Lee, Chao-Bao Luo
The internal carotid artery is the most commonly affected artery in pseudoaneurysm presenting with epistaxis. Basilar arterial pseudoaneurysm is usually associated with intracranial haemorrhage. We report a basilar artery pseudoaneurysm after endoscopic surgery for clival chordoma, leading to epistaxis. The mechanism of epistaxis and strategy of embolisation are discussed.
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Laurent Van Camp, Werner Budts, Geert Maleux
An adolescent patient with a previous history of surgical repair for interrupted aortic arch type B presented with an asymptomatic, saccular pseudoaneurysm of the proximal, common left carotid artery, identified on a follow-up magnetic resonance angiography of the thoracic large vessels. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully excluded with a covered stent. Clinical and radiological follow-up after 2 years was uneventful.
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Thomas W Stonier, Kirtan Patel, Vamsee Bhrugubanda, Andrew Mtl Choong
BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair is now preferred to open access for the management of aortic diseases. This is typically performed via the femoral artery, however not all patients are eligible for this. This systematic review summaries the current evidence for utilising the carotid artery as an alternative access route. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines using four electronic databases...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Stephen W English, Theodore J Passe, E Paul Lindell, James P Klaas
Cervical artery dissection is an underrecognized cause of lower cranial neuropathies and diagnosis can remain elusive if not properly investigated. We present a case of an internal carotid artery dissection that was initially missed in a 48-year-old man who presented with subacute-onset of dysarthria, dysphagia, and unilateral tongue weakness. Knowledge of the most common presenting symptoms, relevant neuroanatomy, and neuroimaging techniques is essential to avoid misdiagnosis. Pseudoaneurysm formation from subadventitial carotid artery dissection may result in compressive neuropathies of cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII without associated cerebral ischemia...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Ashutosh Kaushal, Gyaninder Pal Singh, Shalendra Singh, Surya Kumar Dube
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Charles P Shahan, John P Sharpe, Shaun M Stickley, Nate R Manley, Dina M Filiberto, Timothy C Fabian, Martin A Croce, Louis J Magnotti
BACKGROUND: Few injuries have produced as much debate with respect to management as have blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs). Without question, early anticoagulation is the mainstay of therapy for these injuries. However, the role of endovascular stenting for BCVI remains controversial. Our purpose was to examine the use of endovascular stents for BCVI and outcomes and describe which injuries are being treated with stents. METHODS: Patients with BCVI from 2011 to 2016 were identified and stratified by age, sex, and injury severity...
February 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Kalenda Kasangana, Michael Shih, Paul Saunders, Robert Rhee
Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms secondary to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection are exceedingly rare. Despite an uncommon location and offending pathogen, the treatment paradigm follows that of all mycotic aneurysms. We report the case of a right common carotid artery pseudoaneurysm caused by a tuberculous infection, successfully treated with antibiotics, resection, and autologous interposition graft.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Josh A Sibille, Joel P Harding, Jocelyn K Ballast, Mohammad Hooshmand, Jeko M Madjarov, Frank R Arko
A 60-year-old woman involved in a motor vehicle collision presented with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the innominate artery origin in addition to multiple concomitant injuries. She was classified as a high-risk candidate for open repair. An experimental thoracic branched graft device was used for coverage of the injury with the addition of a right carotid-to-left carotid-to-left subclavian artery bypass. Follow-up imaging showed resolution of the pseudoaneurysm and patency of her bypass grafts. This is the first described use of the Mona LSA Branch Thoracic Stent Graft System (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn) in the innominate artery...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Abdulrahman Aldakkan, Marshall Dunn, Nebras M Warsi, Alireza Mansouri, Thomas R Marotta
We report two cases of Vascular Eagle's Syndrome, which demonstrate two distinct mechanisms of cerebral ischemia. In the first case, hemodynamic transient cerebral ischemia arose as a direct result of compression of the internal carotid artery (ICA). In the second, embolic large left middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction as a result of a thrombus from a pseudoaneurysmal dilatation of the left ICA.
August 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Kevin J Choi, Tracy Cheng, Mary Ih Cobb, Mirabelle B Sajisevi, L Fernando Gonzalez, Marisa A Ryan
This is a report of an illustrative case of recurrent post-tonsillectomy bleeding that was caused by an iatrogenic facial artery pseudoaneurysm and controlled by endovascular embolization. A 37 year-old female who underwent bilateral tonsillectomy for chronic tonsillitis had recurrent secondary hemorrhage despite multiple operative interventions to control the bleeding. Because of the recurrent nature of the bleeding, an angiography of the external carotid artery was performed demonstrating a pseudoaneurysm of the left facial artery with active extravasation...
2017: Acta Oto-Laryngologica Case Reports
Ting Wang, Changwei Zhang, Xiaodong Xie
A teenager with epistaxis after head trauma was diagnosed with pseudoaneurysm of internal carotid artery. Three years after the first aneurysm embolization, delayed coil migration was detected. Then the migrated coil was removed through nasal-endoscopy.
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Jiechang Zhu, Lujing Zhao, Xiangchen Dai, Yudong Luo, Hailun Fan, Zhou Feng, Yiwei Zhang, Fanguo Hu
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the early results of fenestrated thoracic endovascular aortic repair (fTEVAR) using physician modified stent grafts (PMSGs) to revascularise aortic branches for acute type B aortic dissection (ABAD) with unfavourable proximal landing zone. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients who underwent fenestrated TEVAR using PMSGs between November 2015 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Pre-, intra-, and post-operative clinical data were recorded...
February 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Glenn Wei Leong Tan, Lawrence Quek, Bien Peng Tan, Uei Pua
PURPOSE: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the preferred treatment of descending thoracic aorta pathology. However, TEVAR in the aortic arch remains challenging. Customized fenestrated TEVAR (fTEVAR) allows extension of the proximal seal zone, while preserving the involved supra-aortic vessels. There is a paucity of information on fTEVAR; hence, we aim to evaluate our early experience and lessons learnt with fTEVAR in the aortic arch. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-centre review of fTEVAR endografts for aortic arch pathology over 24 months...
December 13, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Leng Ni, Huiling Weng, Zuo Pu, Yuehong Zheng, Bao Liu, Wei Ye, Rong Zeng, Changwei Liu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate and to compare the early and long-term results of open surgery with endovascular intervention in the treatment of extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECCAs). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients diagnosed with ECCAs who underwent open surgical or endovascular treatment from 1997 to 2017 was performed. Clinical characteristics, aneurysm profile, and treatment outcomes were recorded. Early results (<30 days) were evaluated in terms of mortality, perioperative stroke or transient ischemic attack, and cranial nerve injury...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
F Raherinantenaina, R A L Rakotorahalahy, M C G Andrianandraina, H N Rakoto Ratsimba, T M A Rajaonanahary
A false aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm (PA) is the formation of a pulsatile and encapsulated hematoma in communication with the lumen of a perforated artery. Its origin is different but most cases are associated with a traumatic event. Currently, the referenced treatment is endovascular surgery but it is not feasible for the majority of vascular surgeons working in a tropical environment. The aim of this study was to describe the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of arterial PA (APA) encountered in our institution and to evaluate the place of open surgical technique in their management...
December 2017: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
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