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Ginger and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203106/antioxidant-activity-of-ginger-extract-as-a-daily-supplement-in-cancer-patients-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-pilot-study
#1
Kwanjit Danwilai, Jitprapa Konmun, Bung-Orn Sripanidkulchai, Suphat Subongkot
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the antioxidant activity of ginger extract oral supplement in newly diagnosed cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy compared to placebo. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed cancer patients receiving moderate-to-high emetogenic potential adjuvant chemotherapy were randomized to receive either a ginger extract (standardized 6-gingerol 20 mg/day) or a placebo 3 days prior to chemotherapy, which they continued daily...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167239/6-gingerol-protects-intestinal-barrier-from-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-damage-via-inhibition-of-p38-mapk-to-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling
#2
Yanli Li, Bin Xu, Ming Xu, Dapeng Chen, Yongjian Xiong, Mengqiao Lian, Yuchao Sun, Zeyao Tang, Li Wang, Chunling Jiang, Yuan Lin
Intestinal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury caused by severe trauma, intestinal obstruction, and operation is one of the tough challenges in clinic. 6-Gingerol (6G), a main active ingredient of ginger, is found to have anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-cancer activities. The present study was designed to characterize the potential protective effects of 6G on rat intestinal I/R injury and reveal the correlated mechanisms. Rat intestinal I/R model was established with clamping the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and 6G was intragastrically administered for three consecutive days before I/R injury...
February 4, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154515/metabolic-pathways-associated-with-kimchi-a-traditional-korean-food-based-on-in-silico-modeling-of-published-data
#3
Ga Hee Shin, Byeong-Chul Kang, Dai Ja Jang
Kimchi is a traditional Korean food prepared by fermenting vegetables, such as Chinese cabbage and radishes, which are seasoned with various ingredients, including red pepper powder, garlic, ginger, green onion, fermented seafood (Jeotgal), and salt. The various unique microorganisms and bioactive components in kimchi show antioxidant activity and have been associated with an enhanced immune response, as well as anti-cancer and anti-diabetic effects. Red pepper inhibits decay due to microorganisms and prevents food from spoiling...
December 2016: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143522/aspirin-intervention-for-the-reduction-of-colorectal-cancer-risk-aspired-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
David A Drew, Samantha M Chin, Katherine K Gilpin, Melanie Parziale, Emily Pond, Madeline M Schuck, Kathleen Stewart, Meaghan Flagg, Crystal A Rawlings, Vadim Backman, Peter J Carolan, Daniel C Chung, Francis P Colizzo, Matthew Freedman, Manish Gala, John J Garber, Curtis Huttenhower, Dmitriy Kedrin, Hamed Khalili, Douglas S Kwon, Sanford D Markowitz, Ginger L Milne, Norman S Nishioka, James M Richter, Hemant K Roy, Kyle Staller, Molin Wang, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Although aspirin is recommended for the prevention of colorectal cancer, the specific individuals for whom the benefits outweigh the risks are not clearly defined. Moreover, the precise mechanisms by which aspirin reduces the risk of cancer are unclear. We recently launched the ASPirin Intervention for the REDuction of colorectal cancer risk (ASPIRED) trial to address these uncertainties. METHODS/DESIGN: ASPIRED is a prospective, double-blind, multidose, placebo-controlled, biomarker clinical trial of aspirin use in individuals previously diagnosed with colorectal adenoma...
February 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110870/combined-treatment-with-zingerone-and-its-novel-derivative-synergistically-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-migration-and-invasion-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#5
Young-Joo Kim, Youngsic Jeon, Taejung Kim, Won-Chul Lim, Jungyeob Ham, Young Nyun Park, Tae-Jin Kim, Hyeonseok Ko
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important cellular process during which polarized epithelial cells become motile mesenchymal cells, which promote cancer metastasis. Ginger, the rhizome of Zingiber officinale, is extensively used in cooking worldwide and also as a traditional medicinal herb with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Several pungent compounds have been identified in ginger, including zingerone, which has anticancer potential. However, the role of zingerone in EMT is unclear...
December 20, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067282/gastroprotective-6-gingerol-aspirinate-as-a-novel-chemopreventive-prodrug-of-aspirin-for-colon-cancer
#6
Yingdong Zhu, Fang Wang, Yantao Zhao, Pei Wang, Shengmin Sang
A growing body of research suggests daily low-dose aspirin (ASA) reduces heart diseases and colorectal cancers. However, the major limitation to the use of aspirin is its side effect to cause ulceration and bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Preclinical studies have shown that ginger constituents ameliorate ASA-induced gastric ulceration. We here report the design and synthesis of a novel prodrug of aspirin, [6]-gingerol aspirinate (GAS). Our data show that GAS exerts enhanced anti-cancer properties in vitro and superior gastroprotective effects in mice...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043879/-6-gingerol-and-6-shogaol-active-ingredients-of-the-traditional-japanese-medicine-hangeshashinto-relief-oral-ulcerative-mucositis-induced-pain-via-action-on-na-channels
#7
Suzuro Hitomi, Kentaro Ono, Kiyoshi Terawaki, Chinami Matsumoto, Keita Mizuno, Kiichiro Yamaguchi, Ryota Imai, Yuji Omiya, Tomohisa Hattori, Yoshio Kase, Kiyotoshi Inenaga
The traditional Japanese herbal medicine hangeshashinto (HST) has beneficial effects for the treatment of oral ulcerative mucositis (OUM) in cancer patients. However, the ingredient-based mechanism that underlies its pain-relieving activity remains unknown. In the present study, to clarify the analgesic mechanism of HST on OUM-induced pain, we investigated putative HST ingredients showing antagonistic effects on Na(+) channels in vitro and in vivo. A screen of 21 major ingredients using automated patch-clamp recordings in channel-expressing cells showed that [6]-gingerol and [6]-shogaol, two components of a Processed Ginger extract, considerably inhibited voltage-activated Na(+) currents...
December 30, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939550/invited-review-microbe-mediated-aflatoxin-decontamination-of-dairy-products-and-feeds
#8
Sejeong Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Soomin Lee, Jeeyeon Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Yukyung Choi, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Aspergillus nomius contaminate corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, tree nuts, figs, ginger, nutmeg, and milk. They produce aflatoxins, especially aflatoxin B1, which is classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Many studies have focused on aflatoxin removal from food or feed, especially via microbe-mediated mechanisms-either adsorption or degradation. Of the lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG efficiently binds aflatoxin B1, and a peptidoglycan in the bacterium cell wall plays an important role...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830391/robotically-assisted-laparoscopic-ovarian-transposition-in-women-with-lower-gastrointestinal-cancer-undergoing-pelvic-radiotherapy
#9
Vasileios D Sioulas, Soledad Jorge, Jing-Yi Chern, Maria B Schiavone, Martin R Weiser, Joanne F Kelvin, Ginger J Gardner, Yukio Sonoda, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Karyn A Goodman, Mario M Leitao
BACKGROUND: Pelvic radiotherapy (RT) is a standard component of the management for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. Pelvic RT leads to permanent and irreversible ovarian failure in young women. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of robotically assisted laparoscopic ovarian transposition (OT) before RT in women with rectal or anal cancer who wanted to preserve normal ovarian function. METHODS: The study reviewed the medical records of all patients treated at our institution from August 2009 to October 2014 who received robotically assisted laparoscopic OT for rectal or anal cancer before RT...
January 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822431/development-implementation-and-assessment-of-a-genetics-curriculum-across-institutions
#10
Sarah Dotters-Katz, Ginger Hocutt, C Michael Osborne, Emily E Hardisty, Laurie Demmer, Neeta Vora
Objective Many residency programs offer limited exposure and minimal didactic time genetics, despite its frequent use in obstetrics and gynecology. The objective of this study was to develop, pilot, and assess a three-module women's health genetics curriculum for residents that was easily transferable between institutions. Methods An interactive three-module genetics curriculum covering basic principles, prenatal screening/diagnosis, and cancer genetics was developed. A pre- and posttests were used to assess improvement in knowledge...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730672/daikenchuto-tu-100-suppresses-tumor-development-in-the-azoxymethane-and-apc-min-mouse-models-of-experimental-colon-cancer
#11
Takumu Hasebe, Jun Matsukawa, Daina Ringus, Jun Miyoshi, John Hart, Atsushi Kaneko, Masahiro Yamamoto, Toru Kono, Mikihiro Fujiya, Yutaka Kohgo, Chong-Zi Wang, Chun-Su Yuan, Marc Bissonnette, Mark W Musch, Eugene B Chang
Chemopreventative properties of traditional medicines and underlying mechanisms of action are incompletely investigated. This study demonstrates that dietary daikenchuto (TU-100), comprised of ginger, ginseng, and Japanese pepper effectively suppresses intestinal tumor development and progression in the azoxymethane (AOM) and APC(min/+) mouse models. For the AOM model, TU-100 was provided after the first of six biweekly AOM injections. Mice were sacrificed at 30 weeks. APC(min/+) mice were fed diet without or with TU-100 starting at 6 weeks, and sacrificed at 24 weeks...
January 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725001/oxidative-stress-in-relation-to-diet-and-physical-activity-among-premenopausal-women
#12
Chelsea Anderson, Ginger L Milne, Dale P Sandler, Hazel B Nichols
Higher levels of oxidative stress, as measured by F2-isoprostanes, have been associated with chronic diseases such as CVD and some cancers. Improvements in diet and physical activity may help reduce oxidative stress; however, previous studies regarding associations between lifestyle factors and F2-isoprostane concentrations have been inconsistent. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether physical activity and intakes of fruits/vegetables, antioxidant nutrients, dietary fat subgroups and alcohol are associated with concentrations of F2-isoprostane and the major F2-isoprostane metabolite...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717907/standardization-of-the-manufacturing-procedure-for-pinelliae-rhizoma-praeparatum-cum-zingibere-et-alumine
#13
Tao Su, Wei-Wei Zhang, Ya-Ming Zhang, Brian Chi-Yan Cheng, Xiu-Qiong Fu, Ting Li, Hui Guo, Ya-Xi Li, Pei-Li Zhu, Hui Cao, Zhi-Ling Yu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pinelliae Rhizoma (PR), the dried tuber of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. It is commonly used for treating cancer, cough and phlegm. To treat cancer, Chinese medicine practitioners often use raw PR; while to treat cough and phlegm, they usually use Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum cum Zingibere et Alumine (PRZA, raw PR processed with ginger juice and alumen as adjuvant materials). Currently, the producing protocol of PRZA varies greatly among different places in China...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714530/efficacy-of-ginger-for-prophylaxis-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-adriamycin-cyclophosphamide-regimen-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#14
Lucksamon Thamlikitkul, Vichien Srimuninnimit, Charuwan Akewanlop, Suthinee Ithimakin, Sirisopa Techawathanawanna, Krittiya Korphaisarn, Jomjit Chantharasamee, Pongwut Danchaivijitr, Nopadol Soparattanapaisarn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of ginger for reducing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in breast cancer patients receiving adriamycin and cyclophosphamide (AC) regimens. METHODS: We enrolled breast cancer patients receiving AC who experienced moderate to severe nausea or vomiting during the first chemotherapy cycle. Subjects were randomized to receive a 500-mg ginger capsule or placebo twice a day for 5 days starting on the first day of the second AC cycle and were switched to the other treatment in the third cycle...
February 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692668/intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-after-interval-debulking-surgery-for-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer-feasibility-and-outcomes-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#15
Jennifer J Mueller, Amelia Kelly, Qin Zhou, Alexia Iasonos, Kara Long Roche, Yukio Sonoda, Roisin E O'Cearbhaill, Oliver Zivanovic, Dennis S Chi, Ginger J Gardner
OBJECTIVES: Intraperitoneal (IP)-based chemotherapy following primary debulking surgery (PDS), although associated with substantial toxicity, is supported by a strong evidence base. We sought to determine feasibility and outcomes of IP chemotherapy after interval debulking surgery (IDS) among patients deemed ineligible for PDS. METHODS: We identified all patients with high-grade, stage III/IV ovarian cancer treated at our institution with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by IDS and postoperative chemotherapy from 1/2008-5/2013...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677719/botanicals-and-their-bioactive-phytochemicals-for-women-s-health
#16
REVIEW
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645308/revealing-the-effect-of-6-gingerol-6-shogaol-and-curcumin-on-mpges-1-gsk-3%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-a549-cell-line
#17
Demirpolat Eren, Yerer Mukerrem Betul
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In our study, anticancer effects of 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol from ginger and curcumin from turmeric were investigated and the results were compared with each other. We aimed to reveal their effects on microsomal prostaglandine E2 synthase 1 (mPGES-1) which is related with cancer progression and inflammation as well as β-catenin and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) that are the main components of Wnt/GSK3 pathway. As it is known activation of GSK-3β and high levels of mPGES-1 pathway leads to cell proliferation and aggravates cancer progression...
October 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644672/effect-of-ginger-and-chamomile-on-nausea-and-vomiting-caused-by-chemotherapy-in-iranian-women-with-breast-cancer
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fateme Sanaati, Safa Najafi, Zahra Kashaninia, Masoud Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) places a significant burden on the patient. Herbal agents are the most commonly complementary therapies used among the public. This study was done to determine the effect of ginger and chamomile capsules on nausea and vomiting in cases undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer (BC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind and clinical trial study, 65 women with BC undergoing chemotherapy were referred to Breast Cancer Research Center, Tehran, Iran, between May 2013 to June 2014...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644633/efficacy-of-ginger-in-control-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-doxorubicin-based-chemotherapy
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mansour Ansari, Pezhman Porouhan, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Shapour Omidvari, Ahmad Mosalaei, Niloofar Ahmadloo, Hamid Nasrollahi, Seyed Hasan Hamedi
Nausea and vomiting are among the most serious side effects of chemotherapy, in some cases leading to treatment interruption or chemotherapy dose reduction. Ginger has long been known as an antiemetic drug, used for conditions such as motion sickness, nausea-vomiting in pregnancy, and post-operation side effects. One hundred and fifty female patients with breast cancer entered this prospective study and were randomized to receive ginger (500 mg ginger powder, twice a day for 3 days) or placebo. One hundred and nineteen patients completed the study: 57 of them received ginger and 62 received ginger for the frst 3 chemotherapy cycles...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596272/tylophorine-analog-dcb-3503-inhibited-cyclin-d1-translation-through-allosteric-regulation-of-heat-shock-cognate-protein-70
#20
Ying Wang, Wing Lam, Shao-Ru Chen, Fu-Lan Guan, Ginger E Dutchman, Samson Francis, David C Baker, Yung-Chi Cheng
Tylophorine analog DCB-3503 is a potential anticancer and immunosuppressive agent that suppresses the translation of cellular regulatory proteins, including cyclin D1, at the elongation step. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unknown. This study demonstrates that DCB-3503 preferentially binds to heat shock cognate protein 70 (HSC70), which is a determinant for cyclin D1 translation by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3' UTR) of its mRNA. DCB-3503 allosterically regulates the ATPase and chaperone activities of HSC70 by promoting ATP hydrolysis in the presence of specific RNA binding motifs (AUUUA) of cyclin D1 mRNA...
September 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
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