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Selenium and cancer

Katarzyna Sidoryk, Lucie Rárová, Jana Oklešťková, Zbigniew Pakulski, Miroslav Strnad, Piotr Cmoch, Roman Luboradzki
A practical synthesis of 28a-homo-28a-selenolupane triterpenes and the corresponding selenosaponins containing d-mannose, l-arabinose, l-rhamnose, and d-idose moieties is described. Selenium containing triterpenes were obtained from the readily available 3-O-allyl-homobetulin mesylate by nucleophilic substitution with the selenocyanate ion which upon reduction of the -SeCN group afforded the free selenol. Glycosylation using classical Schmidt donors gave 1,2-trans selenosaponins as the main product as well as minute amounts of 1,2-cis isomers...
October 13, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Arin Bhattacharjee, Abhishek Basu, Jaydip Biswas, Tuhinadri Sen, Sudin Bhattacharya
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the widely used anticancer agents; however, it has serious deleterious effects on normal host cells due to its nonspecific action. The essential trace element Selenium (Se) is suggested to have chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic efficacy and currently used in pharmaceutical formulations. Previous report had shown Nano-Se could protect CP-induced hepatotoxicity and genotoxicity in normal Swiss albino mice; however, its role in cancer management is still not clear. The aim of present study is to investigate the chemoprotective efficacy of Nano-Se against CP-induced toxicity as well as its chemoenhancing capability when used along with CP in Swiss albino mice against Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells...
October 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Peng Bao, Ke-Qing Xiao, Hui-Jiao Wang, Hao Xu, Peng-Peng Xu, Yan Jia, Max M Häggblom, Yong-Guan Zhu
A novel nitrate- and selenite reducing bacterium strain ZYK(T) was isolated from a rice paddy soil in Dehong, Yunnan, China. Strain ZYK(T) is a facultative anaerobe and grows in up to 150, 000 ppm O2. The comparative genomics analysis of strain ZYK(T) implies that it shares more orthologues with B. subtilis subsp. subtilis NCIB 3610(T) (ANIm values, 85.4-86.7%) than with B. azotoformans NBRC 15712(T) (ANIm values, 84.4-84.7%), although B. azotoformans NBRC 15712(T) (96.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) is the closest Bacillus species according to 16S rRNA gene comparison...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yuanwei Liang, Yangliang Zhou, Shulin Deng, Tianfeng Chen
The use of selenium-containing heterocyclic compounds as potent cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents has been well documented by a large number of clinical studies. In this study we developed a new approach to synthesize four benzimidazole-containing selenadiazole derivatives (BSeDs). The method uses a combination of peptide coupling reagents and microwave irradiation. This strategy features milder reaction conditions, higher yields, and shorter reaction times. The synthetic BSeDs were identified as potent antiproliferative agents against the human MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines...
September 28, 2016: ChemMedChem
J A Lane, S E Oliver, P N Appleby, M A H Lentjes, P Emmett, D Kuh, A Stephen, E J Brunner, M J Shipley, F C Hamdy, D E Neal, J L Donovan, K-T Khaw, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The influence of dietary factors remains controversial for screen-detected prostate cancer and inconclusive for clinically detected disease. We aimed to examine these associations using prospectively collected food diaries. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1,717 prostate cancer cases in middle-aged and older UK men were pooled from four prospective cohorts with clinically detected disease (n=663), with routine data follow-up (means 6.6-13.3 years) and a case-control study with screen-detected disease (n=1054), nested in a randomised trial of prostate cancer treatments (ISCTRN 20141297)...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sofia Oliveira, Pedro Coelho, Cristina Prudêncio, Mónica Vieira, Raquel Soares, Susana G Guerreiro, Rúben Fernandes
Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer refractory to conventional therapies. Obesity has reached epidemic dimensions acting as a risk factor for several cancer types, such as melanoma. Several reactive species of oxygen are also involved in melanoma initiation and progression. Low levels of antioxidant content and/or activity in lightly pigmented cells could expose them to an extremely oxidative environment and rise the susceptibility to oxidative damage and consequently loss of cell homeostasis. Despite the knowledge about melanoma biology, pathogenesis and developed therapies, is extremely important to understand the antioxidant modulation of melanoma under an environment of obesity, especially the effect of some natural compounds of the diet, such as antioxidant vitamins A, C and E and selenium in order to establish alternatives to conventional therapies, which are known to be ineffective against melanoma...
September 23, 2016: Life Sciences
Lei Wang, Jianfeng Wang, Xudong Liu, Qian Liu, Guozhuan Zhang, Lishuang Liang
Quantification of the association between the intake of selenium and risk of pancreatic cancer is still conflicting. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from epidemiological studies of selenium intake with the risk of pancreatic cancer. Pertinent studies were identified by a search of PubMed and Web of Knowledge to July 2016. The random-effect model was used. Sensitivity analysis and publication bias were conducted. Data from six studies including 1424 pancreatic cancer cases were used in this meta-analysis...
October 2016: Bioscience Reports
Rhea Li, Hayley Donnella, Phillip Knouse, Margaret Raber, Karla Crawford, Maria C Swartz, Jimin Wu, Diane Liu, Joya Chandra
BACKGROUND: Quality of life in survivors of pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) can be compromised by chronic diseases including increased risk of second cancers, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Overweight or obesity further increases these risks. Steroids are a component of chemotherapy for ALL, and weight gain is a common side effect. To impact behaviors associated with weight gain, we conducted a randomized nutrition counseling intervention in ALL patients on treatment...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Yan Ren, Juan Jesus Lence-Anta, Celia Pereda, Mae Chappa, Milagro Velasco, Idalmis Infante, Marlene Bustillo, Sylvia Turcios, Axelle Leufroy, Thierry Guérin, Laurent Noël, Fabienne Lesueur, Stéphane Maillard, Ernora Clero, Constance Xhaard, Rodrigue S Allodji, Carole Rubino, Regla Rodriguez, Rosa Ortiz, Florent de Vathaire
BACKGROUND: The incidence of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is low in Cuba and the contribution of dietary factors to DTC in this population has not been investigated so far. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between dietary iodine intake and DTC with regard to the interaction with environmental factors or some common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), based on a case-control study carried out in Cuba. METHODS: We interviewed 203 cases and 212 controls from the general population face to face by using the dietary intake questionnaire and the photo booklet from the E3N cohort...
September 9, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
L Kamrani Moghaddam, S Ramezani Paschepari, M A Zaimy, A Abdalaian, A Jebali
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hexagonal selenium nanoparticles modified by SiRNA (HSNM-SiRNA) to inhibit epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling in Human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). After synthesis, HSNM-SiRNA and HSNs were separately exposed to NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1299, H520, and H1975), and incubated for 6 h at 37 °C. Next, the expression of NFKB, MYC, STAT, ELK1, and GAPDH was evaluated by western blot and real-time PCR. The percentage of apoptotic cells and cell cycle progression were measured when exposed to HSNM-SiRNA and HSNs...
September 2016: Cancer Gene Therapy
Maryam Khalil Arjmandi, Dariush Moslemi, Azadeh Sadati Zarrini, Maryam Ebrahimnezhad Gorji, Abbas Mosapour, Asefeh Haghhaghighi, Sohrab Halalkhor, Ali Bijani, Hadi Parsian
AIM: In this study the effects of radiation therapy (RT) on serum oxidant/antioxidant status in breast cancer patients and the impact of age, BMI and clinical stage of the disease on the aforementioned variables were investigated. BACKGROUND: RT that is used for cancer treatment is dependent on the production of reactive oxygen species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with breast cancer participated in this study and received RT at a dose of 50 Gy for 5 weeks...
May 2016: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Anne Graupner, Dag M Eide, Christine Instanes, Jill M Andersen, Dag A Brede, Stephen D Dertinger, Ole C Lind, Anicke Brandt-Kjelsen, Hans Bjerke, Brit Salbu, Deborah Oughton, Gunnar Brunborg, Ann K Olsen
Even today, 70 years after Hiroshima and accidents like in Chernobyl and Fukushima, we still have limited knowledge about the health effects of low dose rate (LDR) radiation. Despite their human relevance after occupational and accidental exposure, only few animal studies on the genotoxic effects of chronic LDR radiation have been performed. Selenium (Se) is involved in oxidative stress defence, protecting DNA and other biomolecules from reactive oxygen species (ROS). It is hypothesised that Se deficiency, as it occurs in several parts of the world, may aggravate harmful effects of ROS-inducing stressors such as ionising radiation...
2016: Scientific Reports
Andrew G Cox, Allison Tsomides, Andrew J Kim, Diane Saunders, Katie L Hwang, Kimberley J Evason, Jerry Heidel, Kristin K Brown, Min Yuan, Evan C Lien, Byung Cheon Lee, Sahar Nissim, Bryan Dickinson, Sagar Chhangawala, Christopher J Chang, John M Asara, Yariv Houvras, Vadim N Gladyshev, Wolfram Goessling
Selenium, an essential micronutrient known for its cancer prevention properties, is incorporated into a class of selenocysteine-containing proteins (selenoproteins). Selenoprotein H (SepH) is a recently identified nucleolar oxidoreductase whose function is not well understood. Here we report that seph is an essential gene regulating organ development in zebrafish. Metabolite profiling by targeted LC-MS/MS demonstrated that SepH deficiency impairs redox balance by reducing the levels of ascorbate and methionine, while increasing methionine sulfoxide...
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fasheng Chen, Chen Chen, Yangang Qu, Hua Xiang, Qingxiu Ai, Fei Yang, Xueping Tan, Yi Zhou, Guang Jiang, Zixiong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Selenium-binding protein 1 (SELENBP1) expression is reduced markedly in many types of cancers and low SELENBP1 expression levels are associated with poor patient prognosis. METHODS: SELENBP1 gene expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) was analyzed with GEO dataset and characteristics of SELENBP1 expression in paraffin embedded tissue were summarized. Expression of SELENBP1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, tonsil cancer, hypopharyngeal cancer and normal tissues were detected using immunohistochemistry, at last, 99 NPC patients were followed up more than 5 years and were analyzed the prognostic significance of SELENBP1...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
A N Ude, V F Edem, A A Onifade, O G Arinola
Folic acid, vitamins and Zinc play essential role in DNA methylation but alcohol consumption is known to affectthe levels of these micronutrients leading to risk of developing various illnesses and certain cancers. This study determinedthe levels of DNA methylation dependent-micronutrients (folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, zinc and selenium) andhomocysteine as a suggestion for DNA methylation status in Nigerian alcohol consumers compared with non-consumers ofalcohol. Venous blood (5ml) was obtained from thirty-four males that consume alcoholic beverages for at least 10 years andthirty-two male controls that did not consume alcoholic beverages at least 10 years...
2016: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Caitlyn W Barrett, Sarah P Short, Christopher S Williams
Selenium is an essential micronutrient that is incorporated into at least 25 selenoproteins encoded by the human genome, many of which serve antioxidant functions. Because patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) demonstrate nutritional deficiencies and are at increased risk for colon cancer due to heightened inflammation and oxidative stress, selenoprotein dysfunction may contribute to disease progression. Over the years, numerous studies have analyzed the effects of selenoprotein loss and shown that they are important mediators of intestinal inflammation and carcinogenesis...
August 25, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Huaibo Yuan, Wenjuan Wang, Deyi Chen, Xiping Zhu, Lina Meng
BACKGROUND: Enteric dysbiosis is associated with chronic inflammation and interacts with obesity and insulin resistance. Obesity and diabetes are induced in ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) mice fed a high-fat diet and administered a streptozocin injection. These mice were treated with normal rice (NR), normal rice with a high resistant starch content (NRRS) or Se-rich rice (selenium-enriched rice) with a high resistant starch content (SRRS). RESULTS: Faecal cell counts of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Enterococcus were significantly higher in SRRS-treated mice than in diabetic controls, while Enterobacter cloacae were lower...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Urarika Luesakul, Seamkwan Komenek, Songchan Puthong, Nongnuj Muangsin
The ability to control the morphology of nanoparticles by molecular design and synthesis is gaining increasing attention for achieving improved unique properties. In this work, we designed the chemical structure of a stabilizer for controlling the shape of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) via a self-assembly process. When folic acid-gallic acid-N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan (FA-GA-TMC) was used as a stabilizer, SeNPs were observed to self-organize into cubic-like structures with an average size of approximately 300nm...
November 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Anthony J Davis, Jan G Myburgh
In this on-farm investigation, we report on stillbirths, weakness and perinatal mortality seen in calves on a commercial beef farm in the Roossenekal area, Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Post-mortem examination of these calves and histopathological examination of organ and tissue samples did not indicate an infectious aetiology. Affected calves had marginal to deficient whole blood selenium concentrations. Whole blood samples collected from adult cattle on this farm and five neighbouring farms were deficient in selenium...
2016: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Christopher E Hassan, Thomas J Webster
Given their low toxicity and natural presence in the human diet, selenium nanoparticles have been established as potential candidates for the treatment of numerous cancers. Red-allotrope selenium nanoparticles (rSeNPs) were synthesized and characterized in this study. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells were cultured and exposed to rSeNPs at concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 100 μg rSeNP/mL media for 1-3 days. The toxicity of rSeNP toward HNSCC and HDFs was analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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