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Walnuts and cancer

Cheryl L Rock, Shirley W Flatt, Bilge Pakiz, Elizabeth L Quintana, Dennis D Heath, Brinda K Rana, Loki Natarajan
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer incidence and premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer mortality, which may be explained by several metabolic and hormonal factors (sex hormones, insulin resistance, and inflammation) that are biologically related. Differential effects of dietary composition on weight loss and these metabolic factors may occur in insulin-sensitive vs. insulin-resistant obese women. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of diet composition on weight loss and metabolic, hormonal and inflammatory factors in overweight/obese women stratified by insulin resistance status in a 1-year weight loss intervention...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Raheleh Jahanbani, S Mahmood Ghaffari, Maryam Salami, Kourosh Vahdati, Houri Sepehri, Nazanin Namazi Sarvestani, Nader Sheibani, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi
Walnut (Juglans regia L.) contains approximately 20-25 % protein with abundant essential amino acids. The enzymatic hydrolysate of Persian walnut (Chandler) seed proteins was prepared by incubation with three different proteases, including pancreatic chymotrypsin and trypsin, and a microbial enzyme proteinase K. The hydrolysates were found to possess excellent antioxidant capacities. The peptide fractions scavenged the 2, 2'-anizo-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radicals and inhibited the activity of reactive oxygen species...
September 27, 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Nisha Panth, Keshav Raj Paudel, Rajendra Karki
Juglans regia Linn. (Juglandaceae), popularly known as English or Persian walnut, is a valuable medicinal plant with a potency to cure various diseases in traditional medicine. Since ancient time, different local ethnic groups have used various part of J. regia for a wide array of ailments including helminthiasis, diarrhea, sinusitis, stomach ache, arthritis, asthma, eczema, scrofula, skin disorders, diabetes mellitus, anorexia, thyroid dysfunction, cancer and infectious diseases. Biological activities of J...
September 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Inhae Kang, Teresa Buckner, Neil F Shay, Liwei Gu, Soonkyu Chung
Ellagic acid (EA) is a naturally occurring polyphenol found in some fruits and nuts, including berries, pomegranates, grapes, and walnuts. EA has been investigated extensively because of its antiproliferative action in some cancers, along with its anti-inflammatory effects. A growing body of evidence suggests that the intake of EA is effective in attenuating obesity and ameliorating obesity-mediated metabolic complications, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and atherosclerosis...
September 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Jisoo Lee, Yoo-Sun Kim, JaeHwan Lee, Seung Chul Heo, Kook Lae Lee, Sang-Woon Choi, Yuri Kim
Walnut has been known for its health benefits, including anti-cardiovascular disease and anti-oxidative properties. However, there is limited evidence elucidating its effects on cancer stem cells (CSCs) which represent a small subset of cancer cells that provide resistance against chemotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-CSCs potential of walnut phenolic extract (WPE) and its bioactive compounds, including (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, and gallic acid. In the present study, CD133⁺CD44⁺ cells were isolated from HCT116 cells using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and then treated with WPE...
2016: Nutrients
Devbrat Kumar, Soumya Basu, Lucy Parija, Deeptimayee Rout, Sanjeet Manna, Jagneshwar Dandapat, Priya Ranjan Debata
Cervical cancer and precancerous lesions of the cervix continue to be a global health issue, and the medication for the treatment for chronic HPV infection so far has not been effective. Potential anticancer and anti HPV activities of two known phytochemicals, Curcumin and Ellagic acid were evaluated in HeLa cervical cancer cells. Curcumin is a natural compound found in the root of Curcuma longa plant and Ellagic acid a polyphenol found in fruits of strawberries, raspberries and walnuts. The combination of Curcumin and Ellagic acid at various concentrations showed better anticancer properties than either of the drug when used alone as evidenced by MTT assay...
July 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Masako Nakanishi, Yanfei Chen, Veneta Qendro, Shingo Miyamoto, Erica Weinstock, George M Weinstock, Daniel W Rosenberg
Walnuts are composed of a complex array of biologically active constituents with individual cancer-protective properties. Here, we assessed the potential benefit of whole walnut consumption in a mouse tumor bioassay using azoxymethane. In study 1, a modest reduction (1.3-fold) in tumor numbers was observed in mice fed a standard diet (AIN-76A) containing 9.4% walnuts (15% of total fat). In study 2, the effects of walnut supplementation was tested in the Total Western Diet (TWD). There was a significant reduction (2...
August 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Wenzhen Liao, Rong Zhang, Chenbo Dong, Zhiqiang Yu, Jiaoyan Ren
This contribution reports a facile synthesis of degreased walnut peptides (WP1)-functionalized selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) hybrids with enhanced anticancer activity and a detailed mechanistic evaluation of its superior anticancer activity. Structural and chemical characterizations proved that SeNPs are effectively capped with WP1 via physical absorption, resulting in a stable hybrid structure with an average diameter of 89.22 nm. A panel of selected human cancer cell lines demonstrated high susceptibility toward WP1-SeNPs and displayed significantly reduced proliferative behavior...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
María Ángeles Núñez-Sánchez, Ankur Karmokar, Antonio González-Sarrías, Rocío García-Villalba, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, María Teresa García-Conesa, Karen Brown, Juan Carlos Espín
Colon cancer stem cells (CSCs) offer a novel paradigm for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment and dietary polyphenols may contribute to battle these cells. Specifically, polyphenol-derived colon metabolites have the potential to interact with and affect colon CSCs. We herein report the effects against colon CSCs of two mixtures of ellagitannin (ET) metabolites, ellagic acid (EA) and the gut microbiota-derived urolithins (Uro) at concentrations detected in the human colon tissues following the intake of ET-containing products (pomegranate, walnuts)...
June 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Hormozan Sorooshian, Long Vo
BACKGROUND: At Kaiser Permanente Antioch and Walnut Creek Cancer Centers, a modified olanzapine regimen is used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients who receive highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). OBJECTIVE: To determine if an olanzapine, ondansetron, dexamethasone (OOD) regimen is noninferior to a fosaprepitant, ondansetron, dexamethasone (FOD) regimen in preventing CINV in patients receiving HEC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared the rates of CINV in patients who were treated with HEC and received either the OOD or FOD regimen...
November 2015: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
Claudia Sánchez-González, Carlos Ciudad, Véronique Noé, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido
Walnuts are commonly found in our diet and have been recognized for their nutritious properties for a long time. Traditionally, walnuts have been known for their lipid profile which has been linked to a wide array of biological properties and health-promoting effects. In addition to essential fatty acids, walnuts contain a variety of other bioactive compounds such as, vitamin E and polyphenols. Among common foods and beverages, walnuts represent one of the most important sources of polyphenols, hence, their effect over human health warrants attention...
December 29, 2015: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Yawen Zeng, Juan Du, Xiaoying Pu, Jiazhen Yang, Tao Yang, Shuming Yang, Xiaomeng Yang
Yunnan and Tibet are the lowest cancer mortality and the largest producer for anticancer crops (brown rice, barley, buckwheat, tea, walnut, mushrooms, and so forth). Shanghai and Jiangsu province in China have the highest mortality of cancers, which are associated with the sharp decline of barley.
2015: BioMed Research International
Sihui Ma, Di Huang, Mengxin Zhai, Lubing Yang, Sen Peng, Changxu Chen, Xiaoru Feng, Qiang Weng, Bolin Zhang, Meiyu Xu
BACKGROUND: Walnut is unique because they have a perfect balance of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The increasing market demand of walnut lipids results in the large amount of the oil extraction residue. The walnut residue is rich in nutritional proteins, and the uneconomic use of the by-product discouraged the development of walnut industry. Anticancer peptides have recently received attention as alternative chemotherapeutic agents that overcome the limits of current drugs...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Yuanyuan Zhou, Bingyou Yang, Zhaoxi Liu, Yanqiu Jiang, Yuxin Liu, Lei Fu, Xiaoli Wang, Haixue Kuang
Among the classes of identified natural products, triterpenoids, one of the largest families, have been studied extensively for their diverse structures and variety of biological activities, including antitumor effects. In the present study, a phytochemical study of the green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica Maxim led to the isolation of a new dammarane triterpene, 12β, 20(R), 24(R)-trihydroxydammar-25-en-3-one (6), together with sixteen known compounds, chiefly from chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Li-Na Guo, Rui Zhang, Xue-Ying Guo, Tao Cui, Wei Dong, Jin-Hai Huo, Wei-Ming Wang
Two new naphthalenone compounds were isolated from green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica and their structures were identified as 4-butoxybutoxy-5,8-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one (1), 4-ethoxyethoxy-5,8-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one (2). Compounds 1 and 2 were named as Juglanstetralone A (1) and Juglanstetralone B (2). Compound 1 showed more significant anti-tumor activity than 2 against gastric cancer BGC-823 cells, wih the IC50 of 125.89 (g(mL(-1).
September 2015: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Yuanyuan Zhou, Bingyou Yang, Yanqiu Jiang, Zhaoxi Liu, Yuxin Liu, Xiaoli Wang, Haixue Kuang
Twenty-seven naphthoquinones and their derivatives, including four new naphthalenyl glucosides and twenty-three known compounds, were isolated from green walnut husks, which came from Juglans mandshurica Maxim. The structures of four new naphthalenyl glucosides were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analyses. All of these compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against the growth of human cancer cells lines HepG-2 by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazo l-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] assay...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jong-Min Park, Migyeong Jeong, Eun-Hee Kim, Young-Min Han, Sung Hun Kwon, Ki-Baik Hahm
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), commonly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been acknowledged as essential long-chain fatty acids imposing either optimal health promotion or the rescuing from chronic inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis, fatty liver, and various inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. Recent studies dealing with EPA and DHA have sparked highest interests because detailed molecular mechanisms had been documented with the identification of its receptor, G protein coupled receptor, and GPR120...
2015: BioMed Research International
W Schlörmann, M Birringer, A Lochner, S Lorkowski, I Richter, C Rohrer, M Glei
PURPOSE: The consumption of foods rich in dietary fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids such as nuts can contribute to a healthy diet. Therefore, the formation of fermentation end-products which might exert chemopreventive effects regarding colon cancer was investigated after an in vitro simulated digestion and fermentation of nuts using human fecal microbiota. METHODS: Fermentation supernatants (FS) and pellets (FP) were obtained after an in vitro fermentation of hazelnuts, almonds, macadamia, pistachios and walnuts...
September 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Alejandro D Soriano-Hernandez, Daniela G Madrigal-Perez, Hector R Galvan-Salazar, Alejandro Arreola-Cruz, Lorena Briseño-Gomez, José Guzmán-Esquivel, Oxana Dobrovinskaya, Agustin Lara-Esqueda, Iram P Rodríguez-Sanchez, Luz M Baltazar-Rodriguez, Francisco Espinoza-Gomez, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro, Luis de-Leon-Zaragoza, Bertha A Olmedo-Buenrostro, Ivan Delgado-Enciso
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Breast cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy known worldwide. The consumption of certain foods may modify the risk for its development. Peanuts and other seeds have shown anticarcinogenic effects in vitro, but there are a few studies that evaluate the effect of their consumption on the development of breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there is an association between the consumption of peanuts, walnuts, and almonds and the development of breast cancer...
2015: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Claudia Sánchez-González, Carlos J Ciudad, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, Véronique Noé
PURPOSE: Walnuts contain several bioactive compounds, including pedunculagin, a polyphenol metabolized by microbiota to form urolithins, namely urolithin A (UA). The aim of this study was to determine gene expression changes in prostate cancer cells after incubation with UA. METHODS: We performed a genomic analysis to study the effect of UA on LNCaP prostate cells. Cells were incubated with 40 µM UA for 24 h, and RNA was extracted and hybridized to Affymetrix Human Genome U219 array...
April 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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