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Refugee women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#1
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890984/perinatal-health-outcomes-and-care-among-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#2
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807485/being-a-refugee-or-having-a-refugee-status-birthweight-and-gestational-age-outcomes-among-offspring-of-immigrant-mothers-in-sweden
#3
Sol Juárez, Eleonora Mussino, Anders Hjern
AIMS: to evaluate whether the information on refugee status based on the residence permit is a useful source of information for perinatal health surveillance. METHODS: Using the Swedish population registers (1997-2012), we use multinomial regression models to assess the associations between migration status (refugee and non-refugee) and birth outcomes derived from birthweight and gestational age: low birthweight (LBW) (<2500 g), macrosomia (≥4000 g); preterm: (<37 w) and post-term (≥42 w)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805134/access-to-prenatal-care-for-pregnant-refugee-women-in-toronto-ontario-canada-an-audit-study
#4
Emily W Stewart, Leanne R De Souza, Mark H Yudin
We assessed whether eligible refugee claimants faced barriers to accessing prenatal care in the context of changes to Canadian health care policy that generated multiple categories of refugee health care eligibility. METHODS: Prenatal care providers in Toronto were contacted twice using standardized scripts to book appointments for a pregnant non-refugee and refugee claimant, both eligible for prenatal care. PRIMARY OUTCOME: unequivocal offer of appointment. Secondary outcome: reasons for refusal of prenatal care...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804767/talking-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-through-interpreters-the-experiences-of-health-care-professionals-consulting-refugee-and-migrant-women
#5
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the health care professional (HCP) experiences of working with interpreters when consulting refugee and migrant women who are not proficient in English around sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues, in order to identify service and policy implications. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 HCPs, including: nurses (8), general practitioners (GP) (5), health promotion officers (5), sexual therapists (2) and one midwife...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#6
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785707/burden-of-mental-illness-and-non-communicable-diseases-and-risk-factors-for-mental-illness-among-refugees-in-buffalo-ny-2004-2014
#7
Wudeneh Mulugeta, Hong Xue, Myron Glick, Jungwon Min, Michael F Noe, Youfa Wang
INTRODUCTION: Limited is known about mental illness and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors among refugees. These were studied using data collected from a refugee population in Buffalo, NY. METHODS: Longitudinal data collected on 1055 adults (> 18 years) at a large refugee health center in Buffalo, NY, during 2004-2014 were used. Main outcomes were hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, overweight/obesity, and mental illness. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression models...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785691/psychometric-properties-of-the-multidimensional-loss-scale-with-refugee-women-at-risk-recently-arrived-in-australia
#8
Lyn Vromans, Robert D Schweitzer, Mark Brough, Ignacio Correa-Velez, Kate Murray, Caroline Lenette
Refugee women-at-risk represent a distinct and vulnerable refugee population. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) with 104 women-at-risk, recently-arrived in Australia. Cross-sectional survey included: the MLS (indexing loss events and loss distress); Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (Indexing Trauma Events and Trauma Symptoms), and; Hopkins Symptom Checklist-37 (indexing anxiety, depression, and somatization symptoms). Exploratory factor analyses of MLS loss distress revealed a six-factor model (loss of symbolic self; loss of home; loss of interdependence; loss of past aspirations; interpersonal loss, and; loss of intrapersonal integrity)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782542/validation-of-the-refugee-health-screener-15-for-the-assessment-of-perinatal-depression-among-karen-and-burmese-women-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#9
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Mina Fazel, Prakaykaew Charunwattana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Julie A Simpson, Rose McGready
Perinatal depression is common, and left untreated can have significant and long-lasting consequences for women, their children and their families. Migrant women are at particular risk of perinatal depression as a result of a multitude of stressors experienced before, during and after migration. Identification of perinatal depression among migrant women-particularly those living in low- and middle-income regions-remains challenging, partly due to the lack of locally-validated and culturally appropriate screens tools...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779012/adaptive-frameworks-of-chronic-pain-daily-remakings-of-pain-and-care-at-a-somali-refugee-women-s-health-centre
#10
Kari Campeau
Pain is an intensely subjective experience and one that is difficult for healthcare professionals to treat. Chronic pain, often diffuse, cyclical and involving many systems of the body, is often not well treated in a medical system that relies on discrete symptoms, identifiable causes, external pathogens and physician specialisation. Pain has its own problems specific to Somali diaspora populations, where chronic pain is prevalent but often undertreated, and where Somali patients face barriers of access to medicine...
May 19, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778969/social-support-under-siege-an-analysis-of-forced-migration-among-women-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#11
Karin Wachter, Lauren E Gulbas
In 2016, researchers conducted a qualitative study in a mid-sized town in the United States to address gaps in research and practice related to psychosocial consequences of forced migration among women. The loss of social support and its impacts on the well-being of women are rarely addressed in refugee resettlement policy or practice overwhelmingly concerned with economic self-sufficiency. The study sought to develop theory to explain how women (n = 27) who migrated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo recreate social support post-resettlement in the United States...
May 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767281/hiv-risk-among-displaced-adolescent-girls-in-ethiopia-the-role-of-gender-attitudes-and-self-esteem
#12
Laura Gauer Bermudez, Gary Yu, Lily Lu, Kathryn Falb, Jennate Eoomkham, Gizman Abdella, Lindsay Stark
Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa have been deemed one of the most critical populations to address in the campaign for an HIV-free generation. Experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), harmful gender norms, diminished personal agency, and age-disparate sex have been identified as factors in the increasing rate of new infections among this population. Using baseline data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in three refugee camps in Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State in Ethiopia, our study quantitatively examined the associations between HIV risk factors, attitudes on gender inequality, IPV acceptability, and self-esteem for female adolescent refugees primarily from Sudan and South Sudan (n = 919)...
May 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721489/the-brotherhood-medical-center-collaborative-foundation-of-maternity-and-children-s-healthcare-facility-for-displaced-syrians
#13
Rahma Aburas, Amina Najeeb, Laila Baageel, Tim K Mackey
The United Nations has declared the Syrian conflict, with more than 50% of Syria's population currently displaced, as the worst humanitarian crisis of the twenty-first century. The Syrian conflict has led to a collapse of infrastructure, including access to critical and lifesaving healthcare services. Women and children account for approximately 75% of internally displaced Syrians and refugees. This population is also particularly vulnerable to poor health outcomes, a condition worsened by lack of access to maternal and child health services...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713387/metabolic-syndrome-among-overweight-and-obese-adults-in-palestinian-refugee-camps
#14
Basma Damiri, Mohammed S Abualsoud, Amjad M Samara, Sakhaa K Salameh
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the main reasons for elevated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Obese and overweight individuals are at high risk of developing these chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to characterize and establish sex-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015, 689 (329 men and 360 women) aged 18-65 years from three refugee camps in the West Bank...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696598/the-personal-social-networks-of-resettled-bhutanese-refugees-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-a-social-network-analysis
#15
Diana M Kingsbury, Madhav P Bhatta, Brian Castellani, Aruna Khanal, Eric Jefferis, Jeffery S Hallam
Women comprise 50% of the refugee population, 25% of whom are of reproductive age. Female refugees are at risk for experiencing significant hardships associated with the refugee experience, including after resettlement. For refugee women, the strength of their personal social networks can play an important role in mitigating the stress of resettlement and can be an influential source of support during specific health events, such as pregnancy. A personal social network analysis was conducted among 45 resettled Bhutanese refugee women who had given birth within the past 2 years in the Akron Metropolitan Area of Northeast Ohio...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672357/refugee-children-s-participation-in-the-women-infants-and-children-supplemental-nutrition-wic-program-in-massachusetts-1998-2010
#16
Laura Smock, Thinh Nguyen, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras, Hema Magge, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe prevalence of growth abnormalities and anemia in refugee children; (2) describe the proportion of age-eligible refugee children enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and (3) identify risk factors for lack of enrollment in WIC. DESIGN: Data were collected from 1731 health screenings for refugee children younger than 5 years in Massachusetts in 1998-2010 and matched to WIC program records...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671198/cancer-community-education-in-somali-refugees-in-nebraska
#17
Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Nada Alnaji, Brandon Grimm, Melissa Leypoldt
Nebraska has one of the highest numbers of refugees per capita in the U.S. A high number of Somalis have resettled in Nebraska due to job opportunities and the low cost of living. In this paper, we report the process and the results of a cervical and breast cancer education program for Somali women conducted through a collaboration among public health, academia, and community entities. The curriculum was built to be suitable for the literacy level and cultural values of this community. Topics include female reproductive anatomy; breast and cervical cancer knowledge and screening; hepatitis C and liver cancer; and preparing for a health screening visit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663510/differences-in-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-immigrants-to-canada-from-south-asian-countries
#18
A T Banerjee, B R Shah
AIMS: The prevalence of diabetes is high in South Asians migrants. However, most previous research has studied South Asians as a collective whole. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes prevalence among immigrants from five South Asian countries living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Population-based health care and immigration databases were used to compare crude and adjusted diabetes prevalence on 1 January 2012 between immigrants to Ontario from different South Asians countries and the non-immigrant population...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662712/do-syrian-refugees-have-increased-risk-for-worser-pregnancy-outcomes-results-of-a-tertiary-center-in-%C3%A4-stanbul
#19
Emre Sinan Güngör, Olcay Seval, Gülşah İlhan, Fatma Ferda Verit
Objective: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of Syrian refugee pregnants and Turkish counterparts who gave birth at a tertiary center in İstanbul. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study including the birth records of 704 Syrian refugees and 744 Turkish pregnant women between January 2016 and May 2017 were analyzed. Demographic data, obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared. The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes and cesarean rates between the groups...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629476/health-and-health-care-access-for-syrian-refugees-living-in-%C3%A4-stanbul
#20
Perihan Torun, Meltem Mücaz Karaaslan, Büşra Sandıklı, Ceyda Acar, Ellyn Shurtleff, Sophia Dhrolia, Bülent Herek
OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to assess the health needs of urban refugees living in İstanbul. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was adopted to interview Syrian women from households, doctors, decision makers and NGO representatives. The data were collected between June and October 2015. RESULTS: The main challenges were the cost of living in İstanbul, increased rent and language barrier. Almost half (49.6%) of the interviewed women did not know about free health care rights for Syrians...
June 2018: International Journal of Public Health
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