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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663510/differences-in-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-immigrants-to-canada-from-south-asian-countries
#1
A T Banerjee, B R Shah
AIMS: The prevalence of diabetes is high in South Asians migrants. However, most previous research has studied South Asians as a collective whole. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes prevalence among immigrants from five South Asian countries living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Population-based health care and immigration databases were used to compare crude and adjusted diabetes prevalence on 1 January 2012 between immigrants to Ontario from different South Asians countries and the non-immigrant population...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662712/do-syrian-refugees-have-increased-risk-for-worser-pregnancy-outcomes-results-of-a-tertiary-center-in-%C3%A4-stanbul
#2
Emre Sinan Güngör, Olcay Seval, Gülşah İlhan, Fatma Ferda Verit
Objective: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of Syrian refugee pregnants and Turkish counterparts who gave birth at a tertiary center in İstanbul. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study including the birth records of 704 Syrian refugees and 744 Turkish pregnant women between January 2016 and May 2017 were analyzed. Demographic data, obstetric and neonatal outcomes were compared. The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes and cesarean rates between the groups...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629476/health-and-health-care-access-for-syrian-refugees-living-in-%C3%A4-stanbul
#3
Perihan Torun, Meltem Mücaz Karaaslan, Büşra Sandıklı, Ceyda Acar, Ellyn Shurtleff, Sophia Dhrolia, Bülent Herek
OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to assess the health needs of urban refugees living in İstanbul. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was adopted to interview Syrian women from households, doctors, decision makers and NGO representatives. The data were collected between June and October 2015. RESULTS: The main challenges were the cost of living in İstanbul, increased rent and language barrier. Almost half (49.6%) of the interviewed women did not know about free health care rights for Syrians...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621996/magnitude-and-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-among-pregnant-women-in-eritrean-refugee-camps-northern-ethiopia
#4
Mekdemariam Getachew, Mebrahtu Abay, Hiwet Zelalem, Tirhas Gebremedhin, Teklit Grum, Alemayehu Bayray
BACKGROUND: Globally, anemia is a public health problem affecting the life of more than two billion people. Pregnant women are at high risk of iron deficiency anemia due to increased nutrient requirement during pregnancy. Iron-folic acid supplementation is the main strategy for prevention and control of iron deficiency anemia and its effectiveness depends on adherence to Iron-Folic Acid tablets. In the refugee camps of Ethiopia, despite the efforts made to reduce iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy, information about adherence to iron-folic acid supplementation and its associated factors are lacking...
April 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621431/arriving-old-a-qualitative-study-of-elder-refugee-women-s-self-perceptions-of-the-first-year-of-resettlement
#5
Nicole Dubus
This qualitative study examines eight elder women's experiences of resettling with their family and the protective factors that enhanced their resiliency. The implications for social work include the need to assess elder refugees' strengths, resilience, pre-resettlement functioning instead of services that might encourage integration into the dominant culture and community, and that the refugee experience is a lifelong experience that shapes and informs various stages of life.
April 5, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611018/the-who-what-why-and-when-of-gynaecological-referrals-for-refugee-women
#6
Sarah L Silverberg, Lacey Harding, Rachel F Spitzer, Meb Rashid
Refugees have health needs relating to unstable living situations and poor access to care. We examined the nature of health problems requiring gynaecological referrals for refugee women in Toronto. A retrospective cohort design was used to examine gynaecologic referrals of women at a refugee clinic between December, 2011 and June, 2016. The primary outcome measure was the indications for gynaecological referral. 125 out of 1040 women received a gynaecologic referral for 131 unique concerns. The most common referrals were for abnormal uterine bleeding and cervical dysplasia...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609730/enhancing-general-practice-referrals-for-women-of-refugee-background-to-maternity-care
#7
Dannielle Vanpraag, Wendy Dawson, Bianca Bell, Elisha Riggs, Jo Szwarc, Stephanie Brown, John Furler, Sue Casey, Glyn Teale, Jane Yelland
This paper presents the findings from a quality improvement project implemented by a maternity hospital located in a region of high refugee settlement. The project was designed to improve the completeness of general practice referral information to enable triage to maternity care that would best meet the needs of women of refugee background. Referral information included four data items - country of birth, year of arrival in Australia, language spoken and interpreter required - used in combination to provide a proxy measure of refugee background...
April 3, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566554/challenges-and-impossibilities-of-standing-alongside-in-an-intolerable-context-learning-from-refugees-and-volunteers-in-the-calais-camp
#8
Charlotte Burck, Gillian Hughes
This article describes the experience of setting up a psychosocial and therapeutic support project in the French Calais refugee camp, by a group of family therapists and clinical psychologists from the United Kingdom. This came about in response to reports of a humanitarian crisis unfolding on our doorstep, with the British government's lack of support for the growing numbers of refugees gathering along the UK border with France. The project involved working alongside other agencies in the camp to provide psychosocial and resilience-based therapeutic support to unaccompanied young people, women, children and their families and also to many volunteers in the camp...
April 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553424/contraceptive-use-by-palestine-refugee-mothers-of-young-children-attending-unrwa-clinics-a-cross-sectional-follow-up-study
#9
Majed Hababeh, Wafaa Zeidan, Mariam Abdel El-Kader, Anwar Al Thaher, Nimer Kassim, Elias Habash, Hasan Arab, Ali Khader, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: UNRWA introduced family planning services in 1994 as an integral part of its expanded maternal and child health-care programme. The main objective of UNRWA's family planning programme is to promote the health of mothers, children, and their families. The aim of this follow-up study was to assess contraceptive practices in the target population 5 years after the 2010 follow-up study and to identify future programme needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was a done by trained nurses from June 1 to Dec 31, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530031/attitudes-towards-help-seeking-for-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-in-humanitarian-settings-the-case-of-rwamwanja-refugee-settlement-scheme-in-uganda
#10
George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie, Francis Obare
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) remains a silent epidemic in many humanitarian settings with many survivors concealing their experiences. Attitudes towards help-seeking for SGBV is an important determinant of SGBV service use. This paper examined the association between attitudes towards seeking care and knowledge and perceptions about SGBV among men and women in a humanitarian setting in Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from May to June 2015 among 601 heads of refugee households (261 females and 340 males) in Rwamwanja Refugees Settlement Scheme, South West Uganda...
March 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523360/public-health-england-s-migrant-health-guide-an-online-resource-for-primary-care-practitioners
#11
A F Crawshaw, H Kirkbride
Approximately 13% of the UK population in 2015 was born overseas. Most migrants have come to the UK to work or study although there has been a small increase in the number of asylum applications in the UK in recent years, reflective of the ongoing humanitarian situation across Europe. Migrants in the UK tend to be young and healthy, but some may face unique health needs as a result of their experiences before, during and after migration. For these needs to be appropriately recognised and addressed, evidence-based advice is needed for UK professionals...
March 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503304/health-and-well-being-of-women-migrating-from-predominantly-muslim-countries-to-the-united-states
#12
Akiko Kamimura, Mu Pye, Kai Sin, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Mary Stoddard, Caren J Frost
The purpose of this study was to examine the health and well-being of women migrating from predominantly Muslim countries to the U.S. Women from predominantly Muslim countries completed a paper survey on the following topics from June to December in 2016 (N=102): depression; physical functioning; self-reported general health; experiences with health care; and demographic characteristics. There were several women's health-related issues: low rates for mammography and Pap smear screening, and preference for female physicians and/or physicians from the same culture...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497507/research-priorities-for-adolescent-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-mixed-methods-synthesis-of-two-separate-exercises
#13
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471217/how-gender-norms-are-reinforced-through-violence-against-adolescent-girls-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#14
Marni Sommer, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Anaise Williams, Yana Mayevskaya, Kathryn Falb, Gizman Abdella, Lindsay Stark
Violence against women and girls is a global concern, and particularly salient in humanitarian settings. Successful efforts to prevent gender-based violence in humanitarian settings must address a wide range of issues, from discriminatory laws to explicit community support for violence, and yet, at the core of these efforts is reducing oppressive gender and social norms. This study examined local attitudes towards and social norms around responding to physical and sexual abuse of girls through interviews conducted with adolescent girls (n = 66) and with caregivers (n = 58) among two conflict-affected populations: villages in South Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudanese and South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopian camps...
February 19, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445898/knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers-to-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-uptake-among-an-immigrant-and-refugee-catch-up-group-in-a-western-canadian-province
#15
Erin McComb, Vivian Ramsden, Olufemi Olatunbosun, Hazel Williams-Roberts
Vaccination is a key strategy to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. Lower uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among new immigrants and refugees has been documented, although exploration of underlying reasons remains an understudied area. Semi-structured interviews with eleven immigrant women (ages 18-26 years) were conducted to understand their knowledge, attitudes and barriers regarding HPV vaccination in a western Canadian province. Participants had limited knowledge about HPV and the vaccine...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426331/body-size-perceptions-and-preferences-favor-overweight-in-adult-saharawi-refugees
#16
Desire Alice Naigaga, David Jahanlu, Hanne Marit Claudius, Anne Karine Gjerlaug, Ingrid Barikmo, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: Culture affects body image and body size perceptions from an early age and in many African countries, overweight has been associated with richness, health, strength, and fertility. The present study investigated body size perceptions and preferences in an African refugee population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was comprised of 180 and 175 randomly selected Saharawi women and men, respectively, between 18 and 80 years. Stunkard's body figure scale was used to identify self-perceived body size, desired body size and desired body size in the opposite gender...
February 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402118/devastating-epidemics-in-recent-ages-greek-populations
#17
REVIEW
Antonia Kotsiou, Vasiliki Michalaki, Helen N Anagnostopoulou
In the recent Greek ages the most devastating epidemics were plague, smallpox, leprosy and cholera. In 1816 plague struck the Ionian and Aegean Islands, mainland Greece, Constantinople and Smyrna. The Venetians ruling the Ionian Islands effectively combated plague in contrast to the Ottomans ruling all other regions. In 1922, plague appeared in Patras refugees who were expelled by the Turks from Smyrna and Asia Minor. Inoculation against smallpox was first performed in Thessaly by the Greek women, and the Greek doctors Emmanouel Timonis (1713, Oxford) and Jakovos Pylarinos (1715, Venice) made relevant scientific publications...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#18
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391012/near-death-experiences-attacks-by-family-members-and-absence-of-health-care-in-their-home-countries-affect-the-quality-of-life-of-refugee-women-in-germany-a-multi-region-cross-sectional-gender-sensitive-study
#19
Jenny Jesuthasan, Ekin Sönmez, Ingar Abels, Christine Kurmeyer, Jana Gutermann, Renate Kimbel, Antje Krüger, Guenter Niklewski, Kneginja Richter, Ulrich Stangier, Anja Wollny, Ulrike Zier, Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, Meryam Shouler-Ocak
BACKGROUND: The year 2016 has marked the highest number of displaced people worldwide on record. A large number of these refugees are women, yet little is known about their specific situation and the hurdles they have to face during their journey. Herein, we investigated whether sociodemographic characteristics and traumatic experiences in the home country and during the flight affected the quality of life of refugee women arriving in Germany in 2015-2016. METHODS: Six hundred sixty-three women from six countries (Afghanistan, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Somalia, and Eritrea) living in shared reception facilities in five distinct German regions were interviewed by native speakers using a structured questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361799/preparedness-of-health-care-professionals-for-delivering-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-to-refugee-and-migrant-women-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
Past research suggests that factors related to health care professionals' (HCPs) knowledge, training and competency can contribute to the underutilisation of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care by refugee and migrant women. The aim of this study was to examine the perceived preparedness of HCPs in relation to their knowledge, confidence and training needs when it comes to consulting refugee and migrant women seeking SRH care in Australia. A sequential mixed methods design, comprising an online survey with 79 HCPs (45...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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