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Glucosamine and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780974/metformin-targets-glucose-metabolism-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#1
R S Wahdan-Alaswad, S M Edgerton, H S Salem, A D Thor
Metformin is the most widely administered anti-diabetic agent worldwide. In patients receiving metformin for metabolic syndrome or diabetes, it reduces the incidence and improves the survival of breast cancer (BC) patients. We have previously shown that metformin is particularly potent against triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), with a reduction of proliferation, oncogenicity and motility, inhibition of pro-oncogenic signaling pathways and induction of apoptosis. These BCs are well recognized to be highly dependent on glucose/glucosamine (metabolized through anaerobic glycolysis) and lipids, which are metabolized for the production of energy and cellular building blocks to sustain a high rate of proliferation...
2018: Journal of Oncology Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736155/noninferiority-of-99m-tc-ethylenedicysteine-glucosamine-as-an-alternative-analogue-to-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-in-the-detection-and-staging-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Dong Dai, F David Rollo, Jerry Bryant, E Edmund Kim
Objective. 99m Tc-ethylenedicysteine-glucosamine (99m Tc-EC-G) was developed as a potential alternative to 18 F-FDG for cancer imaging. A Phase 2 study was conducted to compare 18 F-FDG PET/CT and 99m Tc-EC-G SPECT/CT in the detection and staging of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was aimed to demonstrate that 99m Tc-EC-G SPECT/CT was not inferior to 18 F-FDG PET/CT in patients with confirmed NSCLC. Methods. Seventeen patients with biopsy proven NSCLC were imaged with 99m Tc-EC-G and 18 F-FDG to detect and stage their cancers...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659560/androgen-receptor-is-inactivated-and-degraded-in-bladder-cancer-cells-by-phenyl-glucosamine-via-mir-449a-restoration
#3
Ju Guo, Jieping Hu, Runfu Cao, Qingsheng Chen, Kanghua Li
BACKGROUND Bladder cancer caused by exposure to aniline dyes, chronic cystitis, and smoking is detected in approximately 70 000 new cases annually. In the USA alone, it leads to 15 000 deaths every year. In the present study, we investigated the role of 3-((4'-amino-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)amino)-4-bromo-5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-yl acetate (ABDHFA) in the inhibition of bladder cancer cell viability. MATERIAL AND METHODS Viability of cells was examined using MTT assay and distribution of cell cycle was assessed by flow cytometry...
April 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533936/n-acetyl-glucosamine-sensitizes-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-to-trail-induced-apoptosis-by-activating-death-receptor-5
#4
Ye Liang, Wenhua Xu, Shihai Liu, Jingwei Chi, Jisheng Zhang, Aihua Sui, Liping Wang, Zhijuan Liang, Dan Li, Yuanbin Chen, Haitao Niu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potential anti-cancer agent due to its selective toxicity. However, many human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are partially resistant to TRAIL, thereby limiting its clinical application. Therefore, there is a need for the development of novel adjuvant therapeutic agents to be used in combination with TRAIL. METHODS: In this study, the effect of N-acetyl-glucosamine (GlcNAc), a type of monosaccharide derived from chitosan, combined with TRAIL was evaluated in vitro and in vivo...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516954/heparan-sulfate-d-glucosamine-3-o-sulfotransferase-3b1-is-a-novel-regulator-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-mediated-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-regulated-by-mir-218-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Zengli Zhang, Hanyi Jiang, Yongsheng Wang, Minhua Shi
Background: Due to high metastasis and recurrence rate. Recent studies indicated that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was involved in the progression and metastasis in cancer. Some reports also indicate that HS3ST3B1 played a role in angiogenesis and the proliferation of cancer cells. In this study, we aim to investigate its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) . Materials and Methods: All cell lines were purchased from ATCC and cultured in our central lab...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421711/silibinin-phosphodiester-glyco-conjugates-synthesis-redox-behaviour-and-biological-investigations
#6
Valeria Romanucci, Chapla Agarwal, Rajesh Agarwal, Christophe Pannecouque, Mauro Iuliano, Gaetano De Tommaso, Tonino Caruso, Giovanni Di Fabio, Armando Zarrelli
New silibinin phosphodiester glyco-conjugates were synthesized by efficient phosphoramidite chemistry and were fully characterized by 2D-NMR. A wide-ranging study focused on the determination of their pKa and E° values as well as on their radical scavenging activities by different assays (DPPH, ABTS+ and HRSA) was conducted. The new glyco-conjugates are more water-soluble than silibinin, and their radical scavenging activities are higher than those of silibinin. The conjugation therefore improves both the water solubilities and antioxidant activities of the flavonolignan moieties...
April 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411204/glucosamine-use-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-results-from-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii-nutrition-cohort
#7
Elizabeth D Kantor, Christina C Newton, Edward L Giovannucci, Marjorie L McCullough, Peter T Campbell, Eric J Jacobs
PURPOSE: Use of glucosamine supplements has been associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in previous studies; however, information on this association remains limited. METHODS: We examined the association between glucosamine use and CRC risk among 113,067 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Glucosamine use was first reported in 2001 and updated every 2 years thereafter. Participants were followed from 2001 through June of 2011, during which time 1440 cases of CRC occurred...
March 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393416/interaction-of-colon-cancer-cells-with-glycoconjugates-triggers-complex-changes-in-gene-expression-glucose-transporters-and-cell-invasion
#8
Romana Křivohlavá, Valika Grobárová, Eva Neuhöferová, Anna Fišerová, Veronika Benson
Glycan metabolism balance is critical for cell prosperity, and macromolecule glycosylation is essential for cell communication, signaling and survival. Thus, glycotherapy may be a potential cancer treatment. The aim of the present study was to determine whether combined synthetic glycoconjugates (GCs) induce changes in gene expression that alter the survival of colon cancer cells. The current study evaluated the effect of the GCs N‑acetyl‑D‑glucosamine modified polyamidoamine dendrimer and calix[4]arene scaffold on cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and sensitivity to immune cell‑mediated killing...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391578/possible-role-of-chondroitin-sulphate-and-glucosamine-for-primary-prevention-of-colorectal-cancer-results-from-the-mcc-spain-study
#9
Gemma Ibáñez-Sanz, Anna Díez-Villanueva, Laura Vilorio-Marqués, Esther Gracia, Nuria Aragonés, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Javier Llorca, Juana Vidán, Pilar Amiano, Pilar Nos, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Ricardo Rada, María Dolores Chirlaque, Elisabet Guinó, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Benito Mirón-Pozo, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Jaione Etxeberria, Amaia Molinuevo, Begoña Álvarez-Cuenllas, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Victor Moreno
A safe and effective colorectal cancer (CRC) chemoprevention agent remains to be discovered. We aim to evaluate the association between the use of glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulphate and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the MCC-Spain study, a case-control study performed in Spain that included 2140 cases of CRC and 3950 population controls. Subjects were interviewed on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, family and medical history and regular drug use. Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were estimated...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341524/-what-s-new-in-ambulatory-general-internal-medicine%C3%A2
#10
Annick Gerber, Camille Buffle Genecand, Thierry Mach, David Schrumpf, Ana Rita Forte Marques, Jean Dupraz, Thomas Schmid
Many treatments are used every day in general medicine without any evidence of their efficacy. This last year, three randomised studies tried to prove the clinical utility of chondroitin/glucosamine in arthritis, cranberry in urinary infections, and acupuncture in migraine. Screening and management of prostate cancer are still controversial. Two recent studies help us advising our patients on this difficult topic. Muscle side effects from statins are well known and have been widely relayed by the press these last years, although myopathies are rare in clinical trials...
January 17, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133061/design-synthesis-and-cytotoxic-activity-of-n-modified-oleanolic-saponins-bearing-a-glucosamine
#11
You-Yu Lin, She-Hung Chan, Yu-Pu Juang, Hsin-Min Hsiao, Jih-Hwa Guh, Pi-Hui Liang
A series of N-acyl, N-alkoxycarbonyl, and N-alkylcarbamoyl derivatives of 2'-deoxy-glucosyl bearing oleanolic saponins were synthesized and evaluated against HL-60, PC-3, and HT29 tumor cancer cells. The SAR studies revealed that the activity increased in order of conjugation of 2' -amino group with carbamate > amide > urea derivatives. Lengthening the alkyl chain increased the cytotoxicity, the peak activity was found to around heptyl to nonyl substitutions. 2'-N-heptoxycarbonyl derivative 56 was found to be the most cytotoxic (IC50  = 0...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111978/the-eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factor-eif4e-harnesses-hyaluronan-production-to-drive-its-malignant-activity
#12
Hiba Ahmad Zahreddine, Biljana Culjkovic-Kraljacic, Audrey Emond, Filippa Pettersson, Ronald Midura, Mark Lauer, Sonia Del Rincon, Valbona Cali, Sarit Assouline, Wilson H Miller, Vincent Hascall, Katherine Lb Borden
The microenvironment provides a functional substratum supporting tumour growth. Hyaluronan (HA) is a major component of this structure. While the role of HA in malignancy is well-defined, the mechanisms driving its biosynthesis in cancer are poorly understood. We show that the eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E, an oncoprotein, drives HA biosynthesis. eIF4E stimulates production of enzymes that synthesize the building blocks of HA, UDP-Glucuronic acid and UDP-N-Acetyl-Glucosamine, as well as hyaluronic acid synthase which forms the disaccharide chain...
November 7, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025664/preparation-and-characterization-of-gellan-gum-glucosamine-clioquinol-film-as-oral-cancer-treatment-patch
#13
Wanchi Tsai, Huifang Tsai, Yinuan Wong, Juiyen Hong, Shwujen Chang, Mingwei Lee
To administer cancer drugs with improved convenience to patients and to enhance the bioavailability of cancer drugs for oral cancer therapy, this study prepared gellan gum/glucosamine/clioquinol (GG/GS/CQ) film as the oral cancer treatment patch. GG/GS/CQ film fabricated through the EDC-mediated coupling reactions (GG/GS/CQ/EDC film). The film of the physicochemical properties and drug release kinetics were studied. The effectiveness of GG/GS/CQ/EDC film as oral cancer treatment patch were evaluated with the animal model...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948648/%C3%AE-v-%C3%AE-3-mediated-tumor-imaging-using-99m-tc-labeled-nad-monosaccharide-coated-ferrihydrite-nanoparticles
#14
Eun-Mi Kim, Phil-Sun Oh, Hwan-Jeong Jeong, Seok Tae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn
This study describes the synthesis of highly water-soluble, non-toxic, and biocompatible nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)/glucosamine (=Nga1Fh) and NAD/glucosamine/gluconic acid coated ferrihydrite nanoparticles (=Nga2Fh) and their possible uses to target tumors in living animals via99m Tc and125 I radioisotope labeling. The structural properties were investigated using DLS, zeta potential, TEM, FT-IR, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy. The cell toxicity in CT26 cancer cells and in vivo tumor targetability in U87MG and CT26 tumor-bearing mice was further evaluated using cRGDyK-tagged and cRGDfK-tagged ferrihydrite nanoparticles...
January 2018: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922722/molecular-mechanisms-of-anticancer-effects-of-glucosamine
#15
REVIEW
Fatemeh Zahedipour, Razieh Dalirfardouei, Gholamreza Karimi, Khadijeh Jamialahmadi
Glucosamine is an amino sugar that is produced naturally in human body. It is an essential carbohydrate component of many cellular glycoproteins, glycolipids, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). This popular over-the-counter supplement is also found in the exoskeleton of crustaceans. Glucosamine and its derivatives have a long history in medicine for inflammatory conditions specially to relieve arthritis. This dietary supplement has numerous biological and pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-fibrotic, neuroprotective and cardioprotective activities...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890201/enhanced-anticancer-effect-and-reduced-toxicity-of-doxorubicin-in-combination-with-thymoquinone-released-from-poly-n-acetyl-glucosamine-nanomatrix-in-mice-bearing-solid-ehrlish-carcinoma
#16
Nahla E El-Ashmawy, Eman G Khedr, El-Zeiny M Ebeid, Mohamed L Salem, Abdel-Aziz A Zidan, Esraa M Mosalam
The incidence of breast cancer remarkably increases all over the world. Therefore, there is a great demand to introduce new approaches into cancer treatment field. The current study was designated to evaluate the role of doxorubicin (DOX) and/or thymoquinone (TQ) nanomatrix in potentiating the cytotoxicity of either drug, and to investigate the ability of TQ to reduce cardiotoxicity of DOX in solid Ehrlich carcinoma (SEC)-bearing mice. DOX and TQ were loaded into F2 gel, which is a fully-acetylated poly-N-acetyl glucosamine nanofiber...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817611/the-directed-migration-of-gonadal-distal-tip-cells-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-requires-ngat-1-a-%C3%A3-1-4-n-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-enzyme
#17
Joseph Veyhl, Robert J Dunn, Wendy L Johnston, Alexa Bennett, Lijia W Zhang, James W Dennis, Harry Schachter, Joseph G Culotti
Glycoproteins such as growth factor receptors and extracellular matrix have well-known functions in development and cancer progression, however, the glycans at sites of modification are often heterogeneous molecular populations which makes their functional characterization challenging. Here we provide evidence for a specific, discrete, well-defined glycan modification and regulation of a stage-specific cell migration in Caenorhabditis elegans. We show that a chain-terminating, putative null mutation in the gene encoding a predicted β1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, named ngat-1, causes a maternally rescued temperature sensitive (ts) defect in the second phase of the three phase migration pattern of the posterior, but not the anterior, hermaphrodite Distal Tip Cell (DTC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795849/doxorubicin-conjugated-d-glucosamine-and-folate-bi-functionalised-inp-zns-quantum-dots-for-cancer-cells-imaging-and-therapy
#18
Zahra Ranjbar-Navazi, Morteza Eskandani, Mohammad Johari-Ahar, Ali Nemati, Hamid Akbari, Soudabeh Davaran, Yadollah Omidi
Nanoscaled quantum dots (QDs), with unique optical properties have been used for the development of theranostics. Here, InP/ZnS QDs were synthesised and functionalised with folate (QD-FA), D-glucosamine (QD-GA) or both (QD-FA-GA). The bi-functionalised QDs were further conjugated with doxorubicin (QD-FA-GA-DOX). Optimum Indium to fatty acid (In:MA) ratio was 1:3.5. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs revealed spherical morphology for the QDs (11 nm). Energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) spectrum confirmed the chemical composition of the QDs...
March 2018: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764915/cytotoxic-oleanane-triterpenoid-saponins-from-albizia-julibrissin
#19
Qinghua Han, Yi Qian, Xuda Wang, Qingying Zhang, Jingrong Cui, Pengfei Tu, Hong Liang
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the ethanolic extract of the stem bark of Albizia julibrissin led to the isolation of ten new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins, julibrosides J37-J46 (1-10), along with six known analogues (11-16). In addition, 11 prosapogenins (17-27) were prepared by mild or strong alkaline hydrolysis of the total saponin. The structures of 1-27 were determined by spectroscopic and chemical means, and their cytotoxicities against four human cancer cell lines, BGC-823, A549, HCT-116, and HepG2 were evaluated...
September 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713921/anti%C3%A2-lung-cancer-effect-of-glucosamine-by-suppressing-the-phosphorylation-of-foxo
#20
Zhanwu Yu, Yinghua Ju, Hongxu Liu
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer‑associated mortality worldwide, and glucosamine has the potential to exhibit antitumor activity. To reveal its anti‑lung cancer mechanism, the present study investigated the effect of glucosamine on the transcriptional activity of forkhead box O (FOXO)1 and FOXO3, and associated signal transduction pathways in A549 cells. An MTT assay was performed to investigate cell viability and immunoblotting was performed to detect protein levels of FOXO1/3, phosphorylated (p)‑FOXO1/3, AKT, p‑AKT, extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK) and p‑ERK, and the levels of β‑O‑linked N‑acetylglucosamine (O‑GlcNAc)‑modified FOXO1 protein...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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