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Blood lipid ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437840/blood-biomarkers-of-carbohydrate-lipid-and-apolipoprotein-metabolisms-and-risk-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-more-than-20-year-follow-up-of-the-swedish-amoris-cohort
#1
Daniela Mariosa, Niklas Hammar, Håkan Malmström, Caroline Ingre, Ingmar Jungner, Weimin Ye, Fang Fang, Göran Walldius
Objective To assess the associations of blood biomarkers of carbohydrate, lipid and apolipoprotein metabolisms with the future risk of ALS. Methods In the Apolipoprotein-related MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) study, we enrolled 636,132 men and women during 1985-1996 in Stockholm, Sweden with measurements of serum glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (apoB), and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). Serum LDL-C and HDL-C were either directly measured or calculated from total cholesterol, triglycerides and apoA-I...
April 24, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436169/plasma-concentrations-of-lipids-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Wei Bao, Sharon Dar, Yeyi Zhu, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Shanshan Li, Natalie L Weir, Michael Y Tsai, Cuilin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Abnormal lipid profiles have been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but studies with longitudinal measures of lipids throughout pregnancy are sparse. We aimed to characterize the longitudinal changes in lipid profiles throughout pregnancy and prospectively examine the associations of plasma lipid levels with risk of GDM. METHODS: This is a nested case-control study including 107 GDM cases and 214 matched non-GDM controls from participants in the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies-Singleton Cohort...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435445/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-metabolic-syndrome-and-pre-diabetes-in-adolescents-in-the-sierra-region-of-ecuador
#4
Sharon L Casapulla, Cheryl A Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J Grijalva, Edgar W Rojas, Masato Nakazawa, Jay H Shubrook
BACKGROUND: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431918/gender-dependent-effects-of-fasting-blood-glucose-levels-and-disease-duration-on-biochemical-markers-in-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#5
Abhijit A Ghadge, Arundhati G Diwan, Abhay M Harsulkar, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: The impact of fasting blood glucose levels (FBG) and disease duration on type 2 diabetes in Indian population is still unclear. The present study examines gender-dependent effects of FBG and disease duration on lipid profile, adipocytokines and related biochemical parameters in diabetic individuals. METHODS: Type 2 diabetic individuals (n=100) were classified depending on FBG: patients with normal FBG (Glucose<126mg/dl) and patients with high FBG (Glucose≥126mg/dl); and disease duration: ≥0-≤3yr, >3-≤7yr, >7yr...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428699/putative-role-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-among-poorly-controlled-asthmatics-in-south-indian-population
#6
Murugaiyan Sathish Babu, K P Sreesoorya, Surendra K Menon, Subiman Saha, A R Srinivasan, S Arul Vijaya Vani, R Reeta, V Kuzhandai Velu
Mortality and morbidity attributed to asthma remains to be the biggest nightmare worldwide. Hence, the study was aimed to compare the cardio metabolic risk factors as assessed by Body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), serum triacylglycerol and uric acid in well controlled and poorly controlled asthmatics and to correlate these parameters with the severity of asthma. A case control study was conducted on 90 subjects who were segregated into well controlled asthmatics (n = 30) and poorly controlled asthmatics (n = 30) who were diagnosed based on Global initiative for Asthma management guidelines and healthy volunteers (n = 30)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422968/the-impact-of-a-point-of-care-testing-device-on-cvd-risk-assessment-completion-in-new-zealand-primary-care-practice-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-qualitative-investigation
#7
Sue Wells, Natasha Rafter, Timothy Kenealy, Geoff Herd, Kyle Eggleton, Rose Lightfoot, Kim Arcus, Angela Wadham, Yannan Jiang, Chris Bullen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a point of care (POC) device for testing lipids and HbA1c in addition to testing by community laboratory facilities (usual practice) on the completion of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessments in general practice. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial in 20 New Zealand general practices stratified by size and rurality and randomised to POC device plus usual practice or usual practice alone (controls)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421337/glucose-independent-association-of-adiposity-and-diet-composition-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Claudio Maffeis, Elena Fornari, Anita Morandi, Claudia Piona, Francesca Tomasselli, Mara Tommasi, Marco Marigliano
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that diet composition, adiposity and glycometabolic control could independently contribute to an increase in the cardiovascular risk (CVR) for children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: One hundred and eighty children/adolescents with T1D (age range 5-18 years) were enrolled. Diet (3-day weighed dietary record), physical (height, weight, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis) and biochemical (HbA1c, lipid profile) parameters were recorded...
April 18, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416782/assessment-of-atherosclerotic-risk-among-patients-with-epilepsy-on-valproic-acid-lamotrigine-and-carbamazepine-treatment
#9
Nudrat A Zuberi, Mukhtiar Baig, Shazia Bano, Zehra Batool, Saeeda Haider, Tahira Perveen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term effects of carbamazepine (CBZ), valproic acid (VPA), and lamotrigine (LTG) as monotherapy on the markers of vascular risk. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was carried out at the Department of Neurology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2013. We selected 120 adult patients with epilepsy and 40 control subjects. The patients with epilepsy were divided into 3 groups according to the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (CBZ, n = 40; VPA, n = 40; and LTG, n = 40)...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413425/association-of-retinol-binding-protein-4-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-first-degree-relatives-of-type-2-diabetic-patients
#10
Marjan Tabesh, Atsa Noroozi, Masood Amini, Awat Feizi, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Maryam Zare
BACKGROUND: Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is known to regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The influences of RBP4 on metabolic syndrome (MS) are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between serum levels of RBP4 and MS components in first-degree relations of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed within the framework of the diabetes prevention project in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412318/nontraditional-lipid-variables-predict-recurrent-brain-ischemia-in-embolic-stroke-of-undetermined-source
#11
Patricia de la Riva, Maitane Zubikarai, Cristina Sarasqueta, Mikel Tainta, Amaia Muñoz-Lopetegui, Naiara Andrés-Marín, Félix González, Noemi Díez, Ana de Arce, Alberto Bergareche, Adolfo Lopez de Munain, Maite Martínez-Zabaleta
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are, first, to calculate the risk of brain ischemia recurrence and embolic source diagnosis in the follow-up of patients with ESUS (embolic stroke of undetermined source) and, second, to identify the predictors of these events including cardiologic, laboratory, and clinical factors. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study of stroke patients admitted to the stroke unit in a single tertiary hospital from 2012 to 2014 was performed...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411113/restrictive-spirometry-pattern-is-associated-with-increased-arterial-stiffness-in-men-and-women
#12
I-Hsuan Wu, Zih-Jie Sun, Feng-Hwa Lu, Yi-Ching Yang, Chieh-Ying Chou, Chih-Jen Chang, Jin-Shang Wu
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that pulmonary function impairment has been found to be related to cardiovascular events and death. Some studies showed that the level of forced vital capacity (FVC) was negatively related to arterial stiffness, but most studies were confined to males and none of them examined the association of the presence of restrictive spirometry pattern with arterial stiffness. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of restrictive spirometry pattern with arterial stiffness by gender...
April 11, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410927/younger-onset-versus-older-onset-type-2-diabetes-clinical-profile-and-complications
#13
Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Anandakumar Amutha, Harish Ranjani, Saravanan Jebarani, Mohammed K Ali, K M Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan
AIMS: To compare the clinical profile and complications between younger and older onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients at a tertiary care diabetes center in south India. METHODS: We compared individuals with T2DM detected at age ≤25years (n=267) and at age≥50years (n=267), matched for gender and duration of diabetes. We reviewed electronic patient charts and extracted data on biochemical parameters (plasma glucose, serum lipids and glycated hemoglobin). We estimated prevalence of complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and peripheral vascular disease)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409494/association-between-metabolically-healthy-central-obesity-in-women-and-levels-of-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-soluble-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-and-the-activity-of-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase
#14
Ivana Koborová, Radana Gurecká, Melinda Csongová, Katarína Volkovová, Éva Szökő, Tamás Tábi, Katarína Šebeková
AIM: To determine the levels of circulating soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), as a biomarker of risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease development in centrally obese (CO) women considered metabolically healthy (COH) in comparison with those metabolically unhealthy (COU). METHODS: 47 lean healthy, 17 COH (presenting waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5 but not elevated blood pressure, atherogenic lipid profile, and insulin resistance), and 50 COU (CO presenting ≥2 risk factors) women aged 40-45 years were included...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409169/the-effectiveness-of-a-peer-coaching-education-on-control-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-women-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Maryam Aalaa, Mahnaz Sanjari, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi, Mohammad Reza Amini, Mostafa Qorbani, Hossien Adibi, Neda Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Education by Peer Coaching is a strategy which helps the patients with diabetes in the field of behavioral and emotional problems. However, the results of studies in this field in other countries could not be generalized in our context. So, the current study aimed to examine the effectiveness of Diabetes Education by Peer Coaching on Diabetes Management. METHODS: Outcome variables for patients and peer coaches are measured at baseline and in3,6 and 12 months...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408348/design-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-solid-lipid-nanoparticulate-systems-of-olanzapine-for-acute-phase-schizophrenia-treatment-investigations-on-antipsychotic-potential-and-adverse-effects
#16
Emil Joseph, Satish Reddi, Vibhu Rinwa, Garima Balwani, Ranendra Saha
The present paper discusses the design, characterization and in vivo evaluation of glyceryl monostearate nanoparticles of Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic drug for acute schizophrenia treatment, during which hospitalization is mandatory and adverse effects are at its peak. The solid lipid nanoparticulate system was obtained by emulsification-ultra sonication technique wherein three factors such as solid lipid content, concentration of surfactant and drug: solid lipid ratio were selected at three different levels in order to study their influence on significant characteristic responses such as particle size, encapsulation efficiency and drug content...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407858/influence-of-lipoproteins-at-dry-off-on-metabolism-of-dairy-cows-during-transition-period-and-on-postpartum-reproductive-outcomes
#17
Martina Crociati, Lakamy Sylla, Claudia Floridi, Antonella Comin, Gabriele Fruganti, Maurizio Monaci, Giuseppe Stradaioli
High-yielding dairy cows are metabolically challenged during transition, when intense mobilization and hepatic oxidation of lipids is achieved, thus leading to fatty infiltration, ketosis and generalized inflammation. The condition is associated to periparturient diseases and poor fertility. The aim of this study was to assess whether serum lipoprotein concentrations in the dry period could influence the occurrence of postpartum diseases and reproductive performance in dairy cows. The study was carried out on 30 multiparous Holstein Friesian cows...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402173/atherogenic-indices-are-increased-in-elderly-patients-with-unipolar-depression-case-control-analysis
#18
Anna Łucka, Jaśmina Arabska, Elizaveta Fife, Łukasz Kroc, Bartłomiej Konrad Sołtysik, Iwona Kłoszewska, Tomasz Sobów, Tomasz Kostka, Adam Wysokiński
BACKGROUND: Blood lipids are widely used in monitoring the risk of cardiovascular diseases; however, atherogenic indices are more precise markers. The aim of the study was to determine differences in atherogenic indices in elderly patients with unipolar depression (DEP) compared with nondepressed elderly patients (nonDEP) using case-control analysis. METHODS: Fasting serum lipid profiles were measured in 564 (depressed: n = 282, nondepressed: n = 282, 83...
April 12, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399350/prevalence-of-diet-atherogenicity-and-coexistence-of-lipid-disorders-and-arterial-hypertension-among-50-year-old-inhabitants-of-wroclaw-poland
#19
Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Anna Mandecka, Rafał Ilow, Alicja Kowalisko, Klaudia Konikowska
OBJECTIVE: The incorrect composition of a diet, its atherogenicity, is conducive to the occurrence of lipid disorders, arterial hypertension (HTN), diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of incorrect anthropometric and biochemical parameters as well as diet atherogenicity. METHODS: The study group included 1,520 adults (880 women, 640 men). The nutritional status evaluation was based on respondents' BMI and waist circumference...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399305/energy-usage-of-known-age-blacklegged-ticks-acari-ixodidae-what-is-the-best-method-for-determining-physiological-age
#20
Justin R Pool, Jenna R Petronglo, Richard C Falco, Thomas J Daniels
Ticks expend energy while host-seeking and must consume blood to advance to the next life stage. The energy required for activity is derived from the tick's lipid reserves, a valuable resource that sustains the tick until it finds the next host and can take another bloodmeal. The amount of lipid reserves in an unfed tick has been proposed as an index of tick biological age. Two different methods for aging nymphal blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis Say, were analyzed in this study. To study lipid usage, colony-raised nymphs were held in lab-controlled chambers at 21...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
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