keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood lipid ratio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742081/serum-fatty-acid-patterns-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-targeted-metabonomics-study
#1
X Yang, L Sun, A Zhao, X Hu, Y Qing, J Jiang, C Yang, T Xu, P Wang, J Liu, J Zhang, L He, W Jia, C Wan
Previous studies have indicated that schizophrenia is linked to abnormal lipid metabolism. Free fatty acids (FFAs) in peripheral blood can reflect the status of lipid metabolism in human body. The purpose of this study was to scan the FFA pattern and elucidate the characteristics of lipid metabolic abnormality in schizophrenia patients. One hundred and ten patients with schizophrenia (SCZs) and 109 healthy controls (HCs) were included in the study and divided into a discovery set and a validation set. Forty-seven serum FFAs were detected by UPLC-QTOF-MS and 39 of them were absolutely quantified by establishing standard curves...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740349/functional-lipidomics-in-patients-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-effect-of-lipid-emulsions
#2
Loris Pironi, Mariacristina Guidetti, Ornella Verrastro, Claudia Iacona, Federica Agostini, Caterina Pazzeschi, Anna Simona Sasdelli, Michele Melchiorre, Carla Ferreri
AIM: To investigate the fatty acid-based functional lipidomics of patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition receiving different intravenous lipid emulsions. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out on 3 groups of adults on home parenteral nutrition (HPN), receiving an HPN admixture containing an olive-soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (IVLE) (OO-IVLE; n = 15), a soybean- medium-chain triacylglycerol-olive-fish oil-based IVLE (SMOF-IVLE; n = 8) or HPN without IVLE (No-IVLE; n = 8) and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738856/acute-changes-in-blood-lipid-profiles-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-collegiate-elite-taekwondo-athletes-after-short-term-de-training-a-prospective-insight-for-athletic-health-management
#3
Yu-Chi Sung, Yi-Hung Liao, Chung-Yu Chen, Yu-Liang Chen, Chun-Chung Chou
BACKGROUND: This study used a short-term de-training model to mimic the physiological weight changes during the early retirement stage in Taekwondo (TKD) athletes. This study investigates whether the negative changes in body composition, blood lipid profiles, and metabolic biomarkers occur in elite collegiate TKD athletes when experiencing a two-months de-training period. METHODS: Fourteen collegiate Division Ι elite TKD athletes (age: 21.1 ± 0.2 years, BMI: 22...
July 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731561/association-of-glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#4
Noushin Mohammadifard, Marjan Mansourian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Ali Pourmoghaddas, Narges Yazdekhasti, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: There is controversy around the clinical effects of the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) on cardiovascular diseases risk factors such as metabolic syndrome (MetS). So, the present study was performed to evaluate the relationship between GI or GL and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian adult population in 2007. METHODS: The study was based on data from a sub-sample of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), collected across three cities in central Iran, in the year 2007...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731559/association-between-anthropometric-measures-of-regional-fat-mass-and-heart-rate-variability-in-obese-women
#5
Marina Rastović, Biljana Srdić-Galić, Oto Barak, Edita Stokić
AIM: Impaired autonomic function could be the mechanism for the development of cardiometabolic diseases in obesity. Hence, simple anthropometric measures of overall and central obesity could be screening markers for autonomic imbalance. We analysed the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and obesity indicators. METHODS: Sixty-three obese women underwent blood pressure, lipids and anthropometric measurements, body composition assessment, HOMA (homeostasis model assessment) index calculation and short-term HRV analysis...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731364/synthesis-of-a-new-insulin-mimetic-anti-diabetic-drug-containing-vitamin-a-and-vanadium-iv-salt-chemico-biological-characterizations
#6
Abdel Majid A Adam, Ahmed M Naglah, Mohamed A Al-Omar, Moamen S Refat
Diabetes patients suffer from chronic disorders in the metabolism due to high blood sugar caused by anomalies in insulin excretion. Recently, vanadium compounds have been prepared and functionalized to decrease the level of hyperglycemia. Vitamin A boosts beta cell activity; therefore, the lack of this vitamin plays a role in the development of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this article focused on the synthesis of a new anti-diabetic drug formed from the complexation of a vanadium(IV) salt with vitamin A. Vitamin A acts as a unidentate chelate through the oxygen of its -OH group...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730728/beneficial-long-term-antidiabetic-actions-of-n-and-c-terminally-modified-analogues-of-apelin-13-in-diet-induced-obese-diabetic-mice
#7
V Parthsarathy, C Hogg, P R Flatt, F P M O'Harte
AIMS: This study investigated the chronic effects of twice daily administration of stable apelin analogues, apelin-13 amide and (pGlu)apelin-13 amide, on metabolic parameters in glucose intolerant and insulin resistant diet-induced obese (DIO) mice fed a high-fat diet for 150 days. STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: Groups of mice received twice daily (09:00 and 17:00 h) injections of saline vehicle, apelin-13 amide, (pGlu)apelin-13 amide or exendin-4(1-39) for 28 days (all at 25 nmol/kg)...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726527/the-comparison-and-estimation-of-the-prognostic-value-of-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-depends-on-cancer-stage-advancement
#8
Edyta Idalia Wolny-Rokicka, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Jerzy Wydmański, Agnieszka Zembroń-Łacny
Lipid profiles and prostate cancer have a controversial relationship, and the predictive ability of lipids in determining cancer risk estimation is still questionable. This study demonstrates a significance assessment of the plasma lipid profiles of subjects with prostate cancer. Locoregional subjects irradiated with external beam therapy were compared to prostate cancer subjects with bone metastases. The histopathologic diagnosis of 103 subjects (71 locoregional [Group 1] and 32 palliative [Group 2]) were analyzed and compared using their blood samples, total cholesterol (CHL), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724475/blood-profile-and-meat-quality-of-holstein-friesian-steers-finished-on-total-mixed-ration-or-flaxseed-oil-supplemented-pellet-mixed-with-reed-canary-grass-haylage
#9
D T Utama, S G Lee, K H Baek, W S Chung, I A Chung, D I Kim, G Y Kim, S K Lee
Holstein-Friesian steer beef production is renowned globally as a secondary product of the milk industry. Grass feeding is a common practice in raising Holstein steers because of its low cost. Furthermore, grass feeding is an alternative way to produce beef with a balanced n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (FAs) ratio. However, the performance and meat quality of Holstein-Friesian cattle is more likely to depend on a high-quality diet. The aim of this study was to observe whether feeding two mixed diets; a corn-based total mixed ration (TMR) with winter ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or flaxseed oil-supplemented pellets with reed canary grass haylage (n-3 mix) provided benefits on carcass weight, meat quality and FA composition compared with cattle fed with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) haylage alone...
July 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721043/preparation-of-exenatide-loaded-linear-poly-ethylene-glycol-brush-poly-l-lysine-block-copolymer-potential-implications-on-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Fei Tong
The poly(ethylene glycol)-b-brush poly(l-lysine) polymer (PEG-b-(PELG50-g-PLL3)) was synthesized and evaluated as a nanocarrier for prolonging delivery of exenatide through the abdominal subcutaneous injection route. The isoelectric point of exenatide was 4.86, and exenatide could combine with PEG-b-(PELG50-g-PLL3) polymers via electrostatic interactions at pH 7.4. This polymer was a good candidate for achieving prolonged drug delivery for exenatide, considering its high molecular weight. Besides the physicochemical characterization of the polymer, in vitro and in vivo applications were researched as a sustained exenatide delivery system...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719619/diagnostic-utility-of-corneal-confocal-microscopy-and-intra-epidermal-nerve-fibre-density-in-diabetic-neuropathy
#11
Uazman Alam, Maria Jeziorska, Ioannis N Petropoulos, Omar Asghar, Hassan Fadavi, Georgios Ponirakis, Andrew Marshall, Mitra Tavakoli, Andrew J M Boulton, Nathan Efron, Rayaz A Malik
OBJECTIVES: Corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) is a rapid, non-invasive, reproducible technique that quantifies small nerve fibres. We have compared the diagnostic capability of CCM against a range of established measures of nerve damage in patients with diabetic neuropathy. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, thirty subjects with Type 1 diabetes without neuropathy (T1DM), thirty one T1DM subjects with neuropathy (DSPN) and twenty seven non-diabetic healthy control subjects underwent detailed assessment of neuropathic symptoms and neurologic deficits, quantitative sensory testing (QST), electrophysiology, skin biopsy and corneal confocal microscopy (CCM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717372/comparison-of-platelet-number-and-function-between-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-normal-individuals
#12
Zeinab Saremi, Mahboobe Rastgoo, Mahyar Mohammadifard, Bita Bijari, Ehsan Akbari
BACKGROUND: There is interest about the role of platelet (PLT) number and function in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD patients have abnormalities of PLT number and function, especially mean platelet volume (MPV) which is known as a novel biomarker for atherosclerosis. We decided to compare PLT number and function between NAFLD and healthy participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, two groups of patients (65 cases with NAFLD and 65 cases without NAFLD) were included consecutively...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715448/effect-of-synergistic-interaction-between-abnormal-adiposity-related-metabolism-and-prediabetes-on-microalbuminuria-in-the-general-population
#13
Jong Wook Choi, Il Hwan Oh, Chang Hwa Lee, Joon-Sung Park
Central obesity and related metabolic components are important risks for microalbuminuria. To describe the effects of interactions between central obesity and related metabolic components on microalbuminuria, we conducted a nation-wide, population-based interaction analysis using cardio-metabolic index (CMI) as a candidate indicator of central obesity and related abnormal lipid metabolism. We recruited native Koreans aged 20 years or older with no medical illness. A total of 5398 participants were divided into quintiles according to CMI with sex as a covariate factor...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713663/correlation-between-glycated-hemoglobin-and-triglyceride-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Syeda Naqvi, Shabnam Naveed, Zeeshan Ali, Syed Masroor Ahmad, Raad Asadullah Khan, Honey Raj, Shoaib Shariff, Chintan Rupareliya, Fatima Zahra, Saba Khan
CONTEXT: Dyslipidemia is quite prevalent in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Maintaining tight glycemic along with lipid control plays an essential role in preventing micro- and macro-vascular complications associated with diabetes. PURPOSE: The main purpose of the study was to highlight the relationship between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and triglyceride levels. This may in turn help in predicting the triglyceride status of type 2 diabetics and therefore identifying patients at increased risk from cardiovascular events...
June 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712376/grape-pomace-improves-performance-antioxidant-status-fecal-microbiota-and-meat-quality-of-piglets
#15
I Kafantaris, D Stagos, B Kotsampasi, A Hatzis, A Kypriotakis, K Gerasopoulos, S Makri, N Goutzourelas, C Mitsagga, I Giavasis, K Petrotos, S Kokkas, P Goulas, V Christodoulou, D Kouretas
In the present study, grape pomace (GP) was used as feed additive in the diet of weaned piglets in order to develop innovative feedstuffs and to investigate their potential beneficial effects on welfare, productivity and meat quality. For examining the antioxidant capacity of the experimental feeds, 24 piglets of 20 days old were assigned to two experimental groups receiving standard or experimental diet for 30 days. Blood and tissues collections were performed at four different time-points, 2, 20, 35 and 50 days post birth...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711708/ezetimibe-and-simvastatin-combination-inhibits-and-reverses-the-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-atherogenic-effects-of-cream-in-obese-patients
#16
Husam Ghanim, Kelly Green, Sanaa Abuaysheh, Reema Patel, Manav Batra, Ajay Chaudhuri, Antoine Makdissi, Nitesh D Kuhadiya, Paresh Dandona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammation and postprandial lipemia are associated with increased cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether ezetimibe and simvastatin combination, a lipid lowering combination of simvastatin and ezetimibe, exerts an anti-inflammatory effect in the fasting state and after dairy cream intake. METHODS: Twenty obese patients were randomized to either ezetimibe and simvastatin combination or placebo treatment for 6 weeks. All patients were asked to ingest 33 ml of dairy cream (300 Calories) at the beginning and at the end of intervention...
June 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704597/are-incident-gallstones-associated-to-sex-dependent-changes-with-age-a-cohort-study
#17
D M Shabanzadeh, S A Holmboe, L T Sørensen, A Linneberg, A-M Andersson, T Jørgensen
Age and female sex have repeatedly been identified as gallstone determinants but the underlying mechanisms are not clarified. The objectives of this study were to determine if changes with age in physiology, lifestyle, or reproductive hormones were associated with incident gallstones. A cohort study of a general population random sample (N = 2366) aged 30-60 years was performed. Participants were ultrasound screened for gallstones in 1982-84 and again in 1993-94. Lifestyle data and blood samples were obtained and re-analyzed in 2004...
July 13, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704533/peripheral-blood-mitochondrial-dna-content-in-relation-to-circulating-metabolites-and-inflammatory-markers-a-population-study
#18
Judita Knez, Vannina G Marrachelli, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Ellen Winckelmans, Zhenyu Zhang, Lutgarde Thijs, Jana Brguljan-Hitij, Michelle Plusquin, Christian Delles, Daniel Monleon, Josep Redón, Jan A Staessen, Tim S Nawrot, Tatiana Kuznetsova
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content might undergo significant changes caused by metabolic derangements, oxidative stress and inflammation that lead to development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. We, therefore, investigated in a general population the association of peripheral blood mtDNA content with circulating metabolites and inflammatory markers. We examined 310 subjects (50.6% women; mean age, 53.3 years) randomly selected from a Flemish population. Relative mtDNA content was measured by quantitative real-time PCR in peripheral blood cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701570/adipose-derived-fatty-acid-binding-proteins-plasma-concentrations-are-increased-in-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Sandra Guaita-Esteruelas, Paula Saavedra-García, Alba Bosquet, Joan Borràs, Josefa Girona, Kepa Amiliano, Marta Rodríguez-Balada, Mercedes Heras, Luís Masana, Josep Gumà
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that could play a role in tumor progression via its secreted adipokines. The role of adipose-derived fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) 4 and FABP5 in breast cancer is presently under study, but their circulating levels in this pathology are poorly known. We analyzed the blood concentrations of FABP4 and FABP5 in breast cancer patients to determine whether there is an association between them and breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 294 women in the oncology department with a family history of breast cancer; 198 of the women had breast cancer, and 96 were healthy controls...
July 12, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701285/association-of-divalent-cations-and-insulin-resistance-with-thyroid-hormones-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan, Niranjan Gopal, Ramesh Ramaswamy
AIM: The study was primarily aimed at investigating the association of Magnesium and Zinc levels in the serum of adult Non- obese and Obese type 2 diabetic patients, with particular reference to thyroid comorbidity. METHODS: 108 patients with T2DM of both genders (24 Non obese and 84 Obese) were enrolled from a tertiary health care unit in Puducherry. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through body mass index, Waist hip ratio, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile and glycated haemoglobin...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
keyword
keyword
112521
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"