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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936164/transcriptome-and-metabolome-analyses-in-exogenous-fabp4-and-fabp5-treated-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#1
Tokunori Yamamoto, Masato Furuhashi, Takeshi Sugaya, Tsuyoshi Oikawa, Megumi Matsumoto, Yasuhito Funahashi, Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Momokazu Gotoh, Tetsuji Miura
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), which exist near adipocytes in adipose tissue, have been used as a potential tool of regenerative medicine. Lipid chaperones, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) and 5 (FABP5), are abundantly expressed in adipocytes. FABP4 has recently been shown to be secreted from adipocytes during lipolysis in a non-classical pathway and may act as an adipokine. Here, we investigated the role of exogenous FABP4 and FABP5 in transcriptional and metabolic regulation in ADSC. FABP4 and FABP5 were little expressed in ADSC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936114/long-circulating-curcumin-loaded-liposome-formulations-with-high-incorporation-efficiency-stability-and-anticancer-activity-towards-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-cell-lines-in-vitro
#2
Mohamed Mahmud, Adriana Piwoni, Nina Filiczak, Martyna Janicka, Jerzy Gubernator
The incorporation of hydrophobic drugs into liposomes improve their bioavailability and leads to increased stability and anticancer activity, along with decreased drug toxicity. Curcumin (Cur) is a natural polyphenol compound with a potent anticancer activity in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA). In the present study, different types of Cur-loaded liposomal formulations were prepared and characterized in terms of size, shape, zeta potential, optimal drug-to-lipid ratio and stability at 4°C, 37°C; and in human plasma in vitro...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934230/autoxidation-of-reduced-horse-heart-cytochrome-c-catalyzed-by-cardiolipin-containing-membranes
#3
Lee Serpas, Bridget Milorey, Leah A Pandiscia, Anthony W Addison, Reinhard Schweitzer-Stenner
Visible circular dichroism, absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopy were used to probe the binding of horse heart ferrocytochrome c to anionic cardiolipin (CL) head groups on the surface of 1,1',2,2'-tetraoleoyl cardiolipin (TOCL)/1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) (20%:80%) liposomes in an aerobic environment. We found that ferrocytochrome c undergoes a conformational transition upon binding that leads to complete oxidation of the protein at intermediate and high CL concentrations. At low lipid concentrations, the protein maintains a structure that is only slightly different from its native one, whereas an ensemble of misligated predominantly hexacoordinated low-spin states become increasingly populated at high lipid concentrations...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932882/sustained-release-liquisolid-compact-tablets-containing-artemether-lumefantrine-as-alternate-day-regimen-for-malaria-treatment-to-improve-patient-compliance
#4
Petra Obioma Nnamani, Agatha Adaora Ugwu, Emmanuel Chinedu Ibezim, Franklin Chimaobi Kenechukwu, Paul Achile Akpa, John-Dike Nwabueze Ogbonna, Nicholas Chinedu Obitte, Amelia Ngozi Odo, Maike Windbergs, Claus-Michael Lehr, Anthony Amaechi Attama
The present study aimed to develop low-dose liquisolid tablets of two antimalarial drugs artemether-lumefantrine (AL) from a nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) of lumefantrine (LUM) and estimate the potential of AL as an oral delivery system in malariogenic Wistar mice. LUM-NLCs were prepared by hot homogenization using Precirol(®) ATO 5/Transcutol(®) HP and tallow fat/Transcutol(®) HP optimized systems containing 3:1 ratios of the lipids, respectively, as the matrices. LUM-NLC characteristics, including morphology, particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, yield, pH-dependent stability, and interaction studies, were investigated...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932762/-correlations-between-lipid-ratio-oxidative-stress-status-in-copd-patients-and-pulmonary-hypertension-%C3%A2-as-well-as-prognosis
#5
Chunzhi Li, Li Yan, Jinwei Xu
To investigate the correlations between lipid ratio/oxidative stress status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and pulmonary hypertension as well as the prognosis.
 Methods: A total of 120 patients with COPD were randomly selected and served as the COPD group and 30 healthy persons were selected as the control group. The ratios of low density lipoprotein (LDL)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG)/HDL and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL were measured. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) level in the control group and COPD patients were detected...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932336/heat-stress-hydration-and-uric-acid-a-cross-sectional-study-in-workers-of-three-occupations-in-a-hotspot-of-mesoamerican-nephropathy-in-nicaragua
#6
Catharina Wesseling, Aurora Aragón, Marvin González, Ilana Weiss, Jason Glaser, Christopher J Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jiménez, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To study Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) and its risk factors in three hot occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Chinandega and León municipalities, a MeN hotspot on the Nicaraguan Pacific coast, January-February 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 194 male workers aged 17-39 years: 86 sugarcane cutters, 56 construction workers, 52 small-scale farmers. OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Differences between the three occupational groups in prevalences/levels of socioeconomic, occupational, lifestyle and health risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in biomarkers of kidney function and hydration; (2) differences in prevalences/levels of CKD risk factors between workers with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCKD-EPI <80 mL/min/1...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932258/heteroglycan-of-an-edible-mushroom-pleurotus-cystidiosus-structural-characterization-and-study-of-biological-activities
#7
Bibhash C Panda, Prasenjit Maity, Ashis K Nandi, Manabendra Pattanayak, Dilip K Manna, Soumitra Mondal, Satyajit Tripathy, Somenath Roy, Krishnendu Acharya, Syed S Islam
A water soluble heteroglycan (PCPS) was isolated from the aqueous extract of an edible mushroom Pleurotus cystidiosus. Structural characterization of the heteroglycan was carried out using total hydrolysis, methylation analysis, periodate oxidation, Smith degradation, and 1D/2D NMR experiments. Sugar analysis indicated the presence of glucose, galactose, and mannose in a molar ratio of nearly 6:2:1 respectively. The chemical and NMR analysis of the PCPS indicated the presence of a repeating unit with a backbone consisting of one unit of (1→6)-b-D-glucopyranosyl, two (1→3)-b-D-glucopyranosyl, one (1→3)-a-D-glucopyranosyl, one (1→6)-a-D-glucopyranosyl, and two (1→6)-a-D-galactopyranosyl moieties respectively, out of which one (1→3)-b-D-glucopyranosyl residue was branched at O-6 with terminal b-D-glucopyranosyl and another (1→6)-a-D-galactopyranosyl residue was branched at O-2 with terminal b-D-mannopyranosyl moiety...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931543/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-intensive-dose-of-rosuvastatin-40mg-day-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-at-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-rosuvees-2
#8
Chetan P Shah, Bhaskar P Shah, Sameer I Dani, B B Channa, S S Lakshmanan, N C Krishnamani, Ashwani Mehta, P Moorthy
BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials have established the benefits of statin therapy in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) via their pleiotropic effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: This was a 12-week, open-label, multicenter, postmarketing observational study evaluating the efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin 40 mg/day in very high-risk or high-risk Indian patients according to NCEP ATP III guidelines. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and sixty two patients (age: 30 to 69 years) with evidence of coronary artery disease, hospitalized with chest pain with/without electrocardiogram changes and with non-ST segment elevation ACS and ST segment elevation ACS who received optimal reperfusion therapy were enrolled...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931301/corticosteroid-related-toxicity-in-patients-with-chronic-idiopathic-urticariachronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#9
Dennis Ledford, Michael S Broder, Evgeniya Antonova, Theodore A Omachi, Eunice Chang, Allan Luskin
BACKGROUND: Treatments for patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU)chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) who were unresponsive to antihistamines include oral corticosteroids (OCS). Risks of OCS-related side effects in these patients have not been described quantitatively. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between OCS use and the risk of developing side effects possibly attributable to OCS and associated health care costs in privately insured patients with CIU/CSU...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931267/western-diet-in-the-perinatal-period-promotes-dysautonomia-in-the-offspring-of-adult-rats
#10
R Vidal-Santos, F N Macedo, M N S Santana, V U De Melo, J L de Brito Alves, M R V Santos, L C Brito, E Nascimento, J H Costa-Silva, V J Santana-Filho
The present study investigated the impact of a western diet during gestation and lactation on the anthropometry, serum biochemical, blood pressure and cardiovascular autonomic control on the offspring. Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups according to their mother's diet received: control group (C: 18% calories of lipids) and westernized group (W: 32% calories of lipids). After weaning both groups received standard diet. On the 60th day of life, blood samples were collected for the analysis of fasting glucose and lipidogram...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930978/mechanism-of-action-and-effect-of-immune-modulating-agents-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis
#11
Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Amira S Ahmed, Amal H Al-Najjar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to study the possible mechanisms through which different immune-modulating agents can produce their beneficial effects on treatment of psoriasis and to determine whether the supplementation of these agents for psoriasis patients induces regression of psoriasis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty participants were included in this study. The participants were divided into five groups: 1. Normal control group, 2. Psoriasis patients not taking any treatment, 3...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930815/ctrp-3-is-permeable-to-the-blood-brain-barrier-and-is-not-regulated-by-glucose-or-lipids-in-vivo
#12
Andreas Schmid, Martin Berghoff, Alexandra Hochberg, Andreas Schäffler, Thomas Karrasch
C1q/TNF-related protein-3 (CTRP-3) represents a novel anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic adipokine secreted by adipose tissue. The physiological and postprandial regulation of CTRP-3 remains obscure and it is not known whether CTRP-3 is permeable to the brain AIM: The postprandial regulation of CTRP-3 during an oral glucose tolerance test (n=100) and an oral lipid tolerance test (n=100) in humans was investigated. Moreover, CTRP-3 concentrations were measured in paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of patients (n=270) undergoing neurological evaluation...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930696/risk-factors-for-incidence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-middle-eastern-population-over-a-decade-follow-up-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#13
Mahsa Sardarinia, Samaneh Akbarpour, Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Farideh Bagherzadeh-Khiabani, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Farhad Sheikholeslami, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between potentially modifiable risk factors with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality and to quantify their population attributable fractions (PAFs) among a sample of Tehran residents. METHODS: Overall, 8108 participants (3686 men) aged≥30 years, were investigated. To examine the association between risk factors and outcomes, multivariate sex-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were conducted, using age as time-scale in two models including general/central adiposity: 1)adjusted for different independent variables including smoking, education, family history of CVD and sex for both outcomes and additionally adjusted for prevalent CVD for all-cause mortality 2)further adjusted for obesity mediators (hypertension, diabetes, lipid profile and chronic kidney disease)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930681/transcriptomic-changes-in-liver-of-young-bulls-caused-by-diets-low-in-mineral-and-protein-contents-and-supplemented-with-n-3-fatty-acids-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#14
Sara Pegolo, Alessio Cecchinato, Núria Mach, Massimiliano Babbucci, Marianna Pauletto, Luca Bargelloni, Stefano Schiavon, Giovanni Bittante
The aim of the present study was to identify transcriptional modifications and regulatory networks accounting for physiological and metabolic responses to specific nutrients in the liver of young Belgian Blue × Holstein bulls using RNA-sequencing. A larger trial has been carried out in which animals were fed with different diets: 1] a conventional diet; 2] a low-protein/low-mineral diet (low-impact diet) and 3] a diet enriched in n-3 fatty acids (FAs), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (nutraceutical diet)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928227/baicalin-and-geniposide-inhibit-the-development-of-atherosclerosis-by-increasing-wnt1-and-inhibiting-dickkopf-related-protein-1-expression
#15
Bin Wang, Ping-Ping Liao, Li-Hua Liu, Xin Fang, Wei Li, Si-Ming Guan
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed that the combined Chinese herbs containing scutellaria baicalensis georgi and gardenia jasminoids ellis inhibited atherosclerosis. In this study, we sought to determine if baicalin and geniposide could inhibit atherosclerosis through Wnt1 and dickkopf-related protein-1 (DKK1). METHODS: The wild-type and ApoE(-/-) mice were treated with baicalin, geniposide, and baicalin plus geniposide daily by gavage for 12 weeks. Blood lipid levels were measured with an automatic biochemistry analyzer...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928143/degradation-of-distillery-lees-shochu-kasu-by-cellulase-producing-thraustochytrids
#16
Yousuke Taoka, Naoki Nagano, Hiroyuki Kai, Masahiro Hayashi
Single cell oils produced by oleaginous microorganisms have attracted increasing interests as a petroleum alternative energy. Marine eukaryotes, thraustochytrids were heterotrophic, and can grow rapidly and accumulate large amount of lipids containing functional fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in their cells body. In this investigation, thraustochytrids isolated from marine environment were cultured in the medium containing an industrial waste and an unused resource, distillery lees (Shochu kasu) to produce biofuel or functional fatty acids by microorganisms...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928141/effects-of-aerobic-growth-on-the-fatty-acid-and-hydrocarbon-compositions-of-geobacter-bemidjiensis-bem-t
#17
Akio Ueno, Satoru Shimizu, Mikako Hashimoto, Takumi Adachi, Takako Matsushita, Hidetoshi Okuyama, Kiyohito Yoshida
Geobacter spp., regarded as strict anaerobes, have been reported to grow under aerobic conditions. To elucidate the role of fatty acids in aerobiosis of Geobacter spp., we studied the effect of aerobiosis on fatty acid composition and turnover in G. bemidjiensis Bem(T). G. bemidjiensis Bem(T) was grown under the following different culture conditions: anaerobic culture for 4 days (type 1) and type 1 culture followed by 2-day anaerobic (type 2) or aerobic culture (anaerobic-to-aerobic shift; type 3). The mean cell weight of the type 3 culture was approximately 2...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928124/the-effect-of-the-consumption-of-egg-on-serum-lipids-and-antioxidant-status-in-healthy-subjects
#18
Yoshimi Kishimoto, Chie Taguchi, Norie Suzuki-Sugihara, Emi Saita, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Kazuo Kondo
The egg is a nutrient-dense food and contains a number of antioxidants. The consumption of eggs has been considered to improve the balance of diets, although its impact on serum cholesterol levels has been a matter of concern in many countries. Here, we conducted a pilot study to investigate whether daily additional consumption of an egg might affect serum lipid profiles and also antioxidant status in healthy subjects. Fourteen male subjects were provided with breakfasts including a boiled egg for 4 wk. At the end of intervention, serum concentrations of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were unchanged, despite the significant increase in the intake of dietary cholesterol...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926846/alamethicin-supramolecular-organization-in-lipid-membranes-from-19-f-solid-state-nmr
#19
Evgeniy S Salnikov, Jesus Raya, Marta De Zotti, Ekaterina Zaitseva, Cristina Peggion, Gema Ballano, Claudio Toniolo, Jan Raap, Burkhard Bechinger
Alamethicins (ALMs) are antimicrobial peptides of fungal origin. Their sequences are rich in hydrophobic amino acids and strongly interact with lipid membranes, where they cause a well-defined increase in conductivity. Therefore, the peptides are thought to form transmembrane helical bundles in which the more hydrophilic residues line a water-filled pore. Whereas the peptide has been well characterized in terms of secondary structure, membrane topology, and interactions, much fewer data are available regarding the quaternary arrangement of the helices within lipid bilayers...
December 6, 2016: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924921/birth-weight-and-risk-of-ischemic-heart-disease-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#20
Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Shi Lin Lin, Albert Martin Li, C Mary Schooling
Low birth weight is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the association could be confounded by many factors. We used Mendelian randomization to clarify the role of birth weight in ischemic heart disease (IHD) and lipids. We used all 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) independently contributing to birth weight at genome wide significance (p < 5 × 10(-8)) in separate sample instrumental variable analysis to estimate the effect of birth weight on IHD using the CARDIoGRAMplusC4D 1000 Genomes based GWAS case (n = 60,801)-control (n = 123,504) study and on lipids using GLGC (n = 188,577)...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
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