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"Brendan" "Carr"

Norman J Carr, Thomas D Cecil, Santiago González-Moreno, Faheez Mohamed, Brendan J Moran, Leslie H Sobin, Paul H Sugarbaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Sage R Myers, Brendan G Carr, Charles C Branas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Catherine Wolff, Amelia K Boehme, Karen C Albright, Tzu-Ching Wu, Michael T Mullen, Charles C Branas, James C Grotta, Sean I Savitz, Brendan G Carr
BACKGROUND: Women have more frequent and severe ischemic strokes than men, and are less likely to receive treatment for acute stroke. Primary stroke centers (PSCs) have been shown to utilize treatment more frequently. Further, as telemedicine (TM) has expanded access to acute stroke care we sought to investigate the association between PSC, TM and access to acute stroke care in the state of Texas. METHODS: Texas hospitals and resources were identified from the 2009 American Hospital Association Annual Survey...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Norman J Carr, Thomas D Cecil, Santiago González-Moreno, Faheez Mohamed, Brendan J Moran, Leslie H Sobin, Paul H Sugarbaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Sage R Myers, Charles C Branas, Benjamin French, Michael L Nance, Brendan G Carr
OBJECTIVES: More childhood deaths are attributed to trauma than all other causes combined. Our objectives were to provide the first national description of the proportion of injured children treated at pediatric trauma centers (TCs), and to provide clarity to the presumed benefit of pediatric TC verification by comparing injury mortality across hospital types. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study using the 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids Inpatient Database combined with national TC inventories...
September 9, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Elisabeth A Stelson, Brendan G Carr, Kate E Golden, Niels Martin, Therese S Richmond, M Kit Delgado, Daniel N Holena
BACKGROUND: Family-centered rounds involve purposeful interactions between patients' families and care providers to refocus the delivery of care on patients' needs. OBJECTIVES: To examine perspectives of patients' family members and health care providers on family participation in rounds in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) and the potential use of telemedicine to facilitate this process. METHODS: Patients' family members and surgical ICU care providers were recruited for semistructured interviews exploring stakeholders' perspectives on family participation in ICU rounds and the potential role of telemedicine...
September 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
David C Lee, Vibha K Gupta, Brendan G Carr, Sidrah Malik, Brandy Ferguson, Stephen P Wall, Silas W Smith, Lewis R Goldfrank
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acute impact of disasters on diabetic patients, we performed a geospatial analysis of emergency department (ED) use by New York City diabetic adults in the week after Hurricane Sandy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using an all-payer claims database, we retrospectively analyzed the demographics, insurance status, and medical comorbidities of post-disaster ED patients with diabetes who lived in the most geographically vulnerable areas. We compared the patterns of ED use among diabetic adults in the first week after Hurricane Sandy's landfall to utilization before the disaster in 2012...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Kenneth W Dodd, Amy Berman, Jeremy Brown, Brendan G Carr, Patrick Dunn, Marcus Escobedo, Christopher Gayer, Mira Grieser, Christopher Carpenter, Erik P Hess, Corita R Grudzen
As part of the 2016 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference, "Shared Decision Making in the Emergency Department: Development of a Policy-Relevant Patient-Centered Research Agenda," a panel of representatives from the Office of Emergency Care Research, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute, the American Heart Association, the John A. Hartford Foundation, and the Emergency Care Coordination Center were assembled to discuss funding opportunities for future research in this field. This article summarizes their discussion of funding priorities and examples of successfully funded projects related to shared decision making in emergency medicine...
July 30, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Anish K Agarwal, David F Gaieski, Sarah M Perman, Marion Leary, Gail Delfin, Benjamin S Abella, Brendan G Carr
BACKGROUND: Protocol-based resuscitation strategies in the Emergency Department (ED) improve survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and severe sepsis but implementation has been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a real-time provider-to-provider telemedical intervention for the treatment of OHCA and severe sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-center pilot study utilizing a "hub-spoke model" with an academic medical center acting both as the hub for teleconsultation as well as a spoke hospital enrolling patients...
April 2016: Heliyon
Jesse M Pines, Gaetano R Lotrecchiano, Mark S Zocchi, Danielle Lazar, Jacob B Leedekerken, Gregg S Margolis, Brendan G Carr
We engaged in a 1-year process to develop a conceptual model representing an episode of acute, unscheduled care. Acute, unscheduled care includes acute illnesses (eg, nausea and vomiting), injuries, or exacerbations of chronic conditions (eg, worsening dyspnea in congestive heart failure) and is delivered in emergency departments, urgent care centers, and physicians' offices, as well as through telemedicine. We began with a literature search to define an acute episode of care and to identify existing conceptual models used in health care...
October 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
David C Lee, Kelly M Doran, Daniel Polsky, Emmanuel Cordova, Brendan G Carr
BACKGROUND: Geographic variation in healthcare has been traditionally studied in large areas such as hospital referral regions or service areas. These analyses are limited by variation that exists within local communities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a New York claims database, we analyzed variation in emergency department use using 35 million visits from 2008 to 2012 among 4797 Census tracts, a smaller unit than usually studied. Using multivariate analysis, we studied associations between population characteristics and proximity to healthcare with rates of emergency department use...
June 2016: Healthcare
Michael E Abboud, Roger Band, Judy Jia, William Pajerowski, Guy David, Michelle Guo, C Crawford Mechem, Steven R Messé, Brendan G Carr, Michael T Mullen
OBJECTIVE: Hospital arrival via Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and EMS prenotification are associated with faster evaluation and treatment of stroke. We sought to determine the impact of diagnostic accuracy by prehospital providers on emergency department quality measures. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of patients presenting via EMS between September 2009 and December 2012 with a discharge diagnosis of transient ischemic attack (TIA), ischemic stroke (IS), or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)...
May 31, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Brendan G Carr, Lauren Walsh, Justin C Williams, John P Pryor, Charles C Branas
BACKGROUND: Though the US civilian trauma care system plays a critical role in disaster response, there is currently no systems-based strategy that enables hospital emergency management and local and regional emergency planners to quantify, and potentially prepare for, surges in trauma care demand that accompany mass-casualty disasters. OBJECTIVE: A proof-of-concept model that estimates the geographic distributions of patients, trauma center resource usage, and mortality rates for varying disaster sizes, in and around the 25 largest US cities, is presented...
August 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
David N Karp, Catherine S Wolff, Douglas J Wiebe, Charles C Branas, Brendan G Carr, Michael T Mullen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The stroke belt is described as an 8-state region with high stroke mortality across the southeastern United States. Using spatial statistics, we identified clusters of high stroke mortality (hot spots) and adjacent areas of low stroke mortality (cool spots) for US counties and evaluated for regional differences in county-level risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of stroke mortality was conducted using Multiple Cause of Death data (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) to compute age-adjusted adult stroke mortality rates for US counties...
July 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Kristin L Rising, Anastasia Hudgins, Matthew Reigle, Judd E Hollander, Brendan G Carr
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Despite focus during the past decade about the need to design a more patient-centered US health care system, patients have been minimally engaged to define what they want from it. Our objective is to engage patients to identify individual-defined priority outcomes on discharge from the emergency department (ED) and individually tailored interventions to help achieve their outcomes. METHODS: We used qualitative semistructured interviews with patients with diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular disease who were being discharged from 2 EDs...
May 4, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kelly M Doran, Ryan P McCormack, Eileen L Johns, Brendan G Carr, Silas W Smith, Lewis R Goldfrank, David C Lee
Hurricane Sandy struck New York City on October 29, 2012, causing not only a large amount of physical damage, but also straining people's health and disrupting health care services throughout the city. In prior research, we determined that emergency department (ED) visits from the most vulnerable hurricane evacuation flood zones in New York City increased after Hurricane Sandy for several medical diagnoses, but also for the diagnosis of homelessness. In the current study, we aimed to further explore this increase in ED visits for homelessness after Hurricane Sandy's landfall...
April 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Doug Sinclair, James R Worthington, Gary Joubert, Brian R Holroyd, James Stempien, Eric Letovsky, Tim Rutledge, Constance LeBlanc, Carrol Pitters, Andrew McCallum, Brendan Carr, Rocco Gerace, Ian G Stiell, Jennifer D Artz, Jim Christenson
OBJECTIVES: A panel of emergency medicine (EM) leaders endeavoured to define the key elements of leadership and its models, as well as to formulate consensus recommendations to build and strengthen academic leadership in the Canadian EM community in the areas of mentorship, education, and resources. METHODS: The expert panel comprised EM leaders from across Canada and met regularly by teleconference over the course of 9 months. From the breadth of backgrounds and experience, as well as a literature review and the development of a leadership video series, broad themes for recommendations around the building and strengthening of EM leadership were presented at the CAEP 2015 Academic Symposium held in Edmonton, Alberta...
May 2016: CJEM
Jennifer S Love, David Karp, M Kit Delgado, Gregg Margolis, Douglas J Wiebe, Brendan G Carr
OBJECTIVES: Boarding admitted patients decreases emergency department (ED) capacity to accommodate daily patient surge. Boarding in regional hospitals may decrease the ability to meet community needs during a public health emergency. This study examined differences in regional patient boarding times across the United States and in regions at risk for public health emergencies. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was performed by using 2012 ED visit data from the American Hospital Association (AHA) database and 2012 hospital ED boarding data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Compare database...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Kristin L Rising, Brendan G Carr, Erik P Hess, Zachary F Meisel, Megan L Ranney, Jody A Vogel
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) was established by Congress in 2010 to promote the conduct of research that could better inform patients in making decisions that reflect their desired health outcomes. PCORI has established five national priorities for research around which specific funding opportunities are issued: 1) assessment of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment options; 2) improving healthcare systems; 3) communication and dissemination research; 4) addressing disparities; and 5) improving methods for conducting patient-centered outcomes research...
April 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey R Whiteaker, Goran N Halusa, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Vagisha Sharma, Brendan MacLean, Ping Yan, John A Wrobel, Jacob Kennedy, D R Mani, Lisa J Zimmerman, Matthew R Meyer, Mehdi Mesri, Emily Boja, Steven A Carr, Daniel W Chan, Xian Chen, Jing Chen, Sherri R Davies, Matthew J C Ellis, David Fenyö, Tara Hiltke, Karen A Ketchum, Chris Kinsinger, Eric Kuhn, Daniel C Liebler, Tao Liu, Michael Loss, Michael J MacCoss, Wei-Jun Qian, Robert Rivers, Karin D Rodland, Kelly V Ruggles, Mitchell G Scott, Richard D Smith, Stefani Thomas, R Reid Townsend, Gordon Whiteley, Chaochao Wu, Hui Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Henry Rodriguez, Amanda G Paulovich
The Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has launched an Assay Portal ( to serve as an open-source repository of well-characterized targeted proteomic assays. The portal is designed to curate and disseminate highly characterized, targeted mass spectrometry (MS)-based assays by providing detailed assay performance characterization data, standard operating procedures, and access to reagents. Assay content is accessed via the portal through queries to find assays targeting proteins associated with specific cellular pathways, protein complexes, or specific chromosomal regions...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
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