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Trauma focused CBT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800462/nightmare-frequency-nightmare-distress-and-the-efficiency-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Katia Levrier, Andre Marchand, Genevieve Belleville, Beaulieu-Prevost Dominic, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Up to 71% of trauma victims diagnosed with PTSD have frequent nightmares (NM), compared to only 2% to 5% of the general population. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined whether nightmares before the beginning of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) could influence overall PTSD symptom reduction for 71 individuals with PTSD and different types of traumatic events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants received a validated CBT of 20 weekly individual sessions...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771824/treating-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-diverse-settings-recent-advances-and-challenges-for-the-future
#2
Louise E Dixon, Emily Ahles, Luana Marques
Racial and ethnic minorities are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after experiencing a traumatic event and are less likely to receive evidence-based treatment for their symptoms. There is a growing body of literature showing that culturally appropriate interventions result in greater uptake, symptom reduction, and sustained treatment gains. This article review explores new findings in the cultural understanding of PTSD among racial and ethnic minorities. We first review recent advances in the understanding of PTSD symptomotology...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759442/evidence-base-update-for-psychosocial-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-traumatic-events
#3
Shannon Dorsey, Katie A McLaughlin, Suzanne E U Kerns, Julie P Harrison, Hilary K Lambert, Ernestine C Briggs, Julia Revillion Cox, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Child and adolescent trauma exposure is prevalent, with trauma exposure-related symptoms, including posttraumatic stress, depressive, and anxiety symptoms often causing substantial impairment. This article updates the evidence base on psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent trauma exposure completed for this journal by Silverman et al. (2008). For this review, we focus on 37 studies conducted during the seven years since the last review. Treatments are grouped by overall treatment family (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy), treatment modality (e...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710003/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-narrative-exposure-therapy-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-a-context-of-ongoing-violence-in-south-africa
#4
Martina Hinsberger, Leon Holtzhausen, Jessica Sommer, Debra Kaminer, Thomas Elbert, Soraya Seedat, Sarah Wilker, Anselm Crombach, Roland Weierstall
Objective: In an observer-blinded intervention trial, we tested the reduction of posttraumatic stress symptoms, aggressive attitude, and behavior in young males living in a context of ongoing community and gang violence by means of (a) forensic offender rehabilitation narrative exposure therapy (FORNET), and (b) the cognitive-behavioral intervention "Thinking for a Change" (TFAC). A waiting list served as the control condition. Method: A total of 39 young men were included in the data analysis: 15 completed FORNET, 11 underwent cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and 13 were on a waiting list for later treatment...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677771/complex-ptsd-as-proposed-for-icd-11-validation-of-a-new-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-and-their-response-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#5
Cedric Sachser, Ferdinand Keller, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether the symptoms of children and adolescents with clinically significant posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) form classes consistent with the diagnostic criteria of complex PTSD (CPTSD) as proposed for the ICD-11, and to relate the emerging classes with treatment outcome of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT). METHODS: Latent classes analysis (LCA) was used to explore the symptom profiles of the clinical baseline assessment of N = 155 children and adolescents participating in a randomized controlled trial of TF-CBT...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669162/a-randomized-trial-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-and-cognitive-therapy-for-children-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-predictors-and-outcome-at-1-year-follow-up
#6
Reginald D V Nixon, Jisca Sterk, Amanda Pearce, Nathan Weber
Objective: The 1-year outcome and moderators of adjustment for children and youth receiving treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following single-incident trauma was examined. Method: Children and youth who had experienced single-incident trauma (N = 33; 7-17 years old) were randomly assigned to receive 9 weeks of either trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or trauma-focused cognitive therapy (without exposure; CT) that was administered to them and their parents individually. Results: Intent-to-treat analyses demonstrated that both groups maintained posttreatment gains in PTSD, depression and general anxiety symptoms reductions at 1-year follow-up, with no children meeting criteria for PTSD...
September 26, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647052/moderators-of-treatment-response-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-among-youth-in-zambia
#7
Jeremy C Kane, Laura K Murray, Judith Cohen, Shannon Dorsey, Stephanie Skavenski van Wyk, Jennica Galloway Henderson, Mwiya Imasiku, John Mayeya, Paul Bolton
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of mental health interventions such as trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) may vary by client, caregiver, and intervention-level variables, but few randomized trials in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have conducted moderation analyses to investigate these characteristics. This study explores moderating factors to TF-CBT treatment response among a sample of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zambia. METHODS: Data were obtained from a completed randomized trial of TF-CBT among 257 OVC in Zambia...
October 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618641/in-session-caregiver-behavior-predicts-symptom-change-in-youth-receiving-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-tf-cbt
#8
Carly Yasinski, Adele M Hayes, C Beth Ready, Jorden A Cummings, Ilana S Berman, Thomas McCauley, Charles Webb, Esther Deblinger
OBJECTIVE: Involving caregivers in trauma-focused treatments for youth has been shown to result in better outcomes, but it is not clear which in-session caregiver behaviors enhance or inhibit this effect. The current study examined the associations between caregiver behaviors during Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) and youth cognitive processes and symptoms. METHOD: Participants were a racially diverse sample of Medicaid-eligible youth (ages 7-17) and their nonoffending caregivers (N = 71 pairs) who received TF-CBT through an effectiveness study in a community setting...
December 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547240/testing-the-community-based-learning-collaborative-cblc-implementation-model-a-study-protocol
#9
Rochelle F Hanson, Sonja Schoenwald, Benjamin E Saunders, Jason Chapman, Lawrence A Palinkas, Angela D Moreland, Alex Dopp
BACKGROUND: High rates of youth exposure to violence, either through direct victimization or witnessing, result in significant health/mental health consequences and high associated lifetime costs. Evidence-based treatments (EBTs), such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), can prevent and/or reduce these negative effects, yet these treatments are not standard practice for therapists working with children identified by child welfare or mental health systems as needing services...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524285/changes-in-functional-connectivity-of-the-amygdala-during-cognitive-reappraisal-predict-symptom-reduction-during-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-among-adolescent-girls-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
J M Cisler, B A Sigel, J S Steele, S Smitherman, K Vanderzee, J Pemberton, T L Kramer, C D Kilts
BACKGROUND: While trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is the 'gold standard' treatment for pediatric post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), little is known about the neural mechanisms by which TF-CBT produces clinical benefit. Here, we test the hypothesis that PTSD symptom reduction during TF-CBT among adolescent girls with PTSD is associated with changes in patterns of brain functional connectivity (FC) with the amygdala during cognitive reappraisal. METHOD: Adolescent girls with PTSD related to physical or sexual assault (n = 34) were enrolled in TF-CBT, delivered in an approximately 12-session format, in an open trial...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505076/modes-of-large-scale-brain-network-organization-during-threat-processing-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-reduction-during-tf-cbt-among-adolescent-girls
#11
Josh M Cisler, Benjamin A Sigel, Teresa L Kramer, Sonet Smitherman, Karin Vanderzee, Joy Pemberton, Clinton D Kilts
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often chronic and disabling across the lifespan. The gold standard treatment for adolescent PTSD is Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), though treatment response is variable and mediating neural mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we test whether PTSD symptom reduction during TF-CBT is associated with individual differences in large-scale brain network organization during emotion processing. Twenty adolescent girls, aged 11-16, with PTSD related to assaultive violence completed a 12-session protocol of TF-CBT...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449400/trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-families
#12
Judith A Cohen, Esther Deblinger, Anthony P Mannarino
OBJECTIVE: This article provides information about trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), an evidence-based treatment for traumatized children, adolescents, and families. METHOD: The evolution of the TF-CBT model is described from the perspective of the treatment developers, including population of focus, conceptual and methodological features of the research, critical challenges and design issues that have been confronted, and how they have been addressed...
July 22, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414470/the-art-and-skill-of-delivering-culturally-responsive-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-tanzania-and-kenya
#13
Briana A Woods-Jaeger, Christine M Kava, Christopher F Akiba, Leah Lucid, Shannon Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the facilitators, barriers, and strategies used to deliver a child mental health evidence-based treatment (EBT), trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT), in a culturally responsive manner. In low- and middle-income countries most individuals with mental health problems do not receive treatment due to a shortage of mental health professionals. One approach to addressing this problem is task-sharing, in which lay counselors are trained to deliver mental health treatment...
July 14, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243569/trauma-symptoms-in-a-diverse-population-of-sexually-abused-children
#14
Elizabeth Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: The role of ethnicity, age, and gender in studies of sexually abused children has been overlooked. Yet, studies have found that African American and Latino sexually abused children suffer from more severe symptoms at treatment presentation and longer lasting effects than Caucasian children. Furthermore, evidence suggests that age and gender impact symptoms resulting from sexual abuse. This study focused on examining demographic differences in trauma symptoms and posttreatment data in an urban, ethnically diverse population of sexually abused children...
May 30, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206483/initial-assessment-and-treatment-of-refugees-in-the-mediterranean-sea-a-secondary-data-analysis-concerning-the-initial-assessment-and-treatment-of-2656-refugees-rescued-from-distress-at-sea-in-support-of-the-eunavfor-med-relief-mission-of-the-eu
#15
M Kulla, F Josse, M Stierholz, B Hossfeld, L Lampl, M Helm
BACKGROUND: As a part of the European Union Naval Force - Mediterranean Operation Sophia (EUNAVFOR Med), the Federal Republic of Germany is contributing to avoid further loss of lives at sea by supplying two naval vessels. In the study presented here we analyse the medical requirements of such rescue missions, as well as the potential benefits of various additional monitoring devices in identifying sick/injured refugees within the primary onboard medical assessment process. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the data collected between May - September 2015 from a German Naval Force frigate...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043952/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-eight-german-mental-health-clinics
#16
Lutz Goldbeck, Rainer Muche, Cedric Sachser, Dunja Tutus, Rita Rosner
BACKGROUND: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Tf-CBT) is efficacious for children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Its effectiveness in clinical practice has still to be investigated. AIMS: To determine whether Tf-CBT is superior to waiting list (WL), and to investigate the predictors of treatment response. METHOD: We conducted a single-blind parallel-group randomized controlled trial in eight German outpatient clinics with the main inclusion criteria of age 7-17 years, symptom score ≥35 on the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents (CAPS-CA), and caregiver participation...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977133/parents-perception-of-stepped-care-and-standard-care-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-young-children
#17
Alison Salloum, Victoria R Swaidan, Angela Claudio Torres, Tanya K Murphy, Eric A Storch
Delivery systems other than in-office therapist-led treatments are needed to address treatment barriers such as accessibility, efficiency, costs, and parents wanting an active role in helping their child. To address these barriers, stepped care trauma focused-cognitive behavioral therapy (SC-TF-CBT) was developed as a parent-led, therapist-assisted therapy that occurs primarily at-home so that fewer in-office sessions are required. The current study examines caregivers' perceptions of parent-led (SC-TF-CBT) and therapist-led (TF-CBT) treatment...
January 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886486/complex-ptsd-and-phased-treatment-in-refugees-a-debate-piece
#18
F Jackie June Ter Heide, Trudy M Mooren, Rolf J Kleber
BACKGROUND: Asylum seekers and refugees have been claimed to be at increased risk of developing complex posttraumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD). Consequently, it has been recommended that refugees be treated with present-centred or phased treatment rather than stand-alone trauma-focused treatment. This recommendation has contributed to a clinical practice of delaying or waiving trauma-focused treatment in refugees with PTSD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this debate piece is to defend two theses: (1) that complex trauma leads to complex PTSD in a minority of refugees only and (2) that trauma-focused treatment should be offered to all refugees who seek treatment for PTSD...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781638/case-report-manualized-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-an-unaccompanied-refugee-minor-girl
#19
Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Rita Rosner
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty whether young traumatized refugees should be treated with culturally adapted psychotherapy or with an evidence-based western approach. As yet, empirical studies on culturally adapted treatments for unaccompanied young refugees in industrialized host countries are not available. Studies do, however, suggest that trauma-focused treatment is promising for this group. OBJECTIVE: We describe the treatment of an unaccompanied refugee minor girl with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who underwent manualized trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT; Cohen, Mannarino, & Deblinger, 2006)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26747845/a-randomized-implementation-study-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adjudicated-teens-in-residential-treatment-facilities
#20
Judith A Cohen, Anthony P Mannarino, Kay Jankowski, Stanley Rosenberg, Suzanne Kodya, George L Wolford
Adjudicated youth in residential treatment facilities (RTFs) have high rates of trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study evaluated strategies for implementing trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) in RTF. Therapists (N = 129) treating adjudicated youth were randomized by RTF program (N = 18) to receive one of the two TF-CBT implementation strategies: (1) web-based TF-CBT training + consultation (W) or (2) W + 2 day live TF-CBT workshop + twice monthly phone consultation (W + L)...
May 2016: Child Maltreatment
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