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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#1
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102313/clinical-science-and-torture-survivors-rights-to-rehabilitation
#2
Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098015/parents-perceptions-of-dental-care-challenges-in-male-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-initial-qualitative-exploration
#3
Leah I Stein Duker, Benjamin F Henwood, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Emma Juhlin, José C Polido, Sharon A Cermak
Background: Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience barriers to oral care in the dental office setting. The purpose of this study was to provide an increased understanding of these challenges experienced during oral care in the dental office by children with ASD. Method: This study was part of a larger mixed methods design and builds on quantitative results from a survey of parents of children with ASD ages 2-18 in which parents reported difficulties with access to care, sensory processing, and uncooperative behaviors...
July 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075746/uveitis-the-tortured-tale-of-the-tubercle
#4
Russell N Van Gelder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074888/flexible-pvdf-membranes-with-exceptional-robust-superwetting-surface-for-continuous-separation-of-oil-water-emulsions
#5
Zhu Xiong, Haibo Lin, Fu Liu, Peng Xiao, Ziyang Wu, Tiantian Li, Dehong Li
Instability of superwetting surface is the stumbling block of flexible polymeric membranes for continuous separation of water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsions. Manipulation of rigid superwetting nano-TiO2 on hierarchical poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane by mimicking the plant roots holding soil behaviour enabled the generation of robust superwetting surface withstanding the harshly physical and chemical torture. The unique interface combination, which fabricated by a compacted nano-layer with the thickness of ~20 μm, was disclosed by systematic structure characterization...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021186/torture-victims-were-unlawfully-detained-despite-doctors-concerns
#6
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017159/picrasidine-i-from-picrasma-quassioides-suppresses-osteoclastogenesis-via-inhibition-of-rankl-induced-signaling-pathways-and-attenuation-of-ros-production
#7
Lingbo Kong, Biao Wang, Xiaobin Yang, Hua Guo, Ke Zhang, Ziqi Zhu, Jijun Liu, Dingjun Hao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder that tortures about millions of people worldwide. Recent study demonstrated agents derived from picrasma quassioides is a promising drug for targets multiple signaling pathways. However its potential in treatment of bone loss has not been fully understood. METHODS: The bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) were cultured and induced with M-CSF and RANKL followed by picrasidine I (PI) treatment. Then the effects of PI on osteoclast formation were evaluated by counting tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinucleated cells...
October 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016176/witch-persecutions-and-torture-comment-on-alison-and-alison-2017
#8
Rickard L Sjöberg
In their article Alison and Alison (2017) argue that historical experiences speak against the efficacy of torture. In this comment experiences from the witch persecutions in Europe during the 15th to 17th centuries that support this notion are discussed. Converging data suggests that torture was often instrumental in making large numbers of suspects confess to flying children through the air to nocturnal satanic meetings, during this period. A comparison of the number of false self incriminating confessions given during the Swedish witch trial in the parish of Rättvik 1671 (before royal sanction of torture was given) and the parish of Ockelbo 1675 (after royal sanction of torture was given) is used to illustrate this point...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976937/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-refugee-trauma-history-checklist-rthc-a-brief-checklist-for-survey-studies
#9
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Henrik Nilsson, Andreas Malm, Petter Tinghög, Maria Gottvall, Marjan Vaez, Fredrik Saboonchi
A high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs), including torture. PTEs, and torture in particular, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports the development and preliminary validation of a brief refugee trauma checklist applicable for survey studies. METHODS: A pool of 232 items was generated based on pre-existing instruments. Conceptualization, item selection and item refinement was conducted based on existing literature and in collaboration with experts...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#10
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950402/transgender-women-s-experiences-with-stigma-trauma-and-attempted-suicide-in-the-dominican-republic
#11
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Rebecca Charow, Elaine M McGlaughlin, Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Studies on attempted suicide in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. We examined the relationships between stigma, trauma, and suicide attempts in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Bivariate analysis examined differences between suicide attempters and nonattempters (n = 298). Multivariate analysis reported odds ratios with attempted suicide as the outcome (n = 260). About a quarter of respondents (23.9%) experienced sexual abuse, 12...
September 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949304/resilience-psychiatry-and-religion-from-public-and-global-mental-health-perspective-dialogue-and-cooperation-in-the-search-for-humanistic-self-compassionate-society-and-empathic-civilization
#12
Miro Jakovljevic
Psychiatry has increasingly devoted its attention to the role of religion and spirituality in mental health and illness. All religions offer explanations for meaning and purpose of life, involving rationales for the reality of human suffering and traumas related to natural disasters, war, civil violence, torture, etc. In many countries different religious organizations have funded and operated mental health services as well as supported better understanding, empathy and compassion among cultures. A rapprochement between psychiatry and religion has been predicated on their overlapping goals to promote individual and community resilience, growth, and well-being...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934559/psychological-perspectives-on-interrogation
#13
Aldert Vrij, Christian A Meissner, Ronald P Fisher, Saul M Kassin, Charles A Morgan, Steven M Kleinman
Proponents of "enhanced interrogation techniques" in the United States have claimed that such methods are necessary for obtaining information from uncooperative terrorism subjects. In the present article, we offer an informed, academic perspective on such claims. Psychological theory and research shows that harsh interrogation methods are ineffective. First, they are likely to increase resistance by the subject rather than facilitate cooperation. Second, the threatening and adversarial nature of harsh interrogation is often inimical to the goal of facilitating the retrieval of information from memory and therefore reduces the likelihood that a subject will provide reports that are extensive, detailed, and accurate...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881455/the-impact-of-enhancing-perceived-self-efficacy-in-torture-survivors
#14
Naser Morina, Richard A Bryant, Emma L Doolan, Chantal Martin-Sölch, Michael Plichta, Monique C Pfaltz, Ulrich Schnyder, Matthis Schick, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Perceived self-efficacy (SE) is an important factor underlying psychological well-being. Refugees suffer many experiences that can compromise SE. This study tested the impact of enhancing perceived SE on coping with trauma reminders and distress tolerance in tortured refugees. METHODS: Torture survivors (N = 40) were administered a positive SE induction in which they retrieved mastery-related autobiographical memories, or a non-SE (NSE) induction, and then viewed trauma-related images...
September 7, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877213/ostracism-via-virtual-chat-room-effects-on-basic-needs-anger-and-pain
#15
Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Lucas Murrins Marques, Olivia Morgan Lapenta, Manish Kumar Asthana, David Amodio, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
Ostracism is characterized by a social pain provoked by being excluded and ignored. In order to address the effects of social ostracism in virtual non-physical interactions, we developed a more realistic paradigm as an alternative to Cyberball and assessed its effects on participant's expression of basic social needs, emotional experience and painful feeling. The chat room consisted of controlled social dialogue interactions between participants and two other (confederate) chat room partners. Exclusion was manipulated by varying the number of messages a participant received (15% and 33% in exclusion and inclusion, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#16
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853003/-preventive-human-rights-monitoring-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-welfare-institutions
#17
Ernst Berger, Caroline Paar
Since 1 July 2012 the Austrian Ombudsman Board (AOB) together with its six regional expert commissions form the so called "National Prevention Mechanism" implementing the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The commissions are mandated to conduct regular, unrestricted and unannounced visits to all types of places in which there is or can be a deprivation or restriction of personal liberty, such as prisons, police stations, but also psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838279/do-resettlement-variables-predict-psychiatric-treatment-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-asylum-seeking-survivors-of-torture
#18
David Whitsett, Martin F Sherman
PURPOSE: Mental health clinicians who work with asylum seekers provide services to patients who face stressful everyday living conditions. However, little is known about how these problems potentially impact psychiatric treatment within these populations. The purpose of this study was thus to examine whether resettlement factors predict outcomes of a mental health intervention for a sample of asylum-seeking survivors of torture. METHODS: The study included data from a US outpatient clinic that specialized in treating asylum-seeking survivors of torture...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#19
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800997/temporary-removal-palliative-care-and-human-rights-a-decade-of-evolution-in-standards
#20
Tamar Ezer, Diederik Lohman, Gabriela B de Luca
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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