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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#1
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347122/impact-of-the-kinetic-boundary-condition-on-porous-media-flow-in-the-lattice-boltzmann-formulation
#2
Shiwani Singh, Fei Jiang, Takeshi Tsuji
To emphasize the importance of the kinetic boundary condition for micro- to nanoscale flow, we present an ad hoc kinetic boundary condition suitable for torturous geological porous media. We found that the kinetic boundary condition is one of the essential features which should be supplemented to the standard lattice Boltzmann scheme in order to obtain accurate continuum observables. The claim is validated using a channel flow setup by showing the agreement of mass flux with analytical value. Further, using a homogeneous porous structure, the importance of the kinetic boundary condition is shown by comparing the permeability correction factor with the analytical value...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325099/quantitative-survey-on-health-and-violence-endured-by-refugees-during-their-journey-and-in-calais-france
#3
Malika Bouhenia, Jihane Ben Farhat, Matthew E Coldiron, Saif Abdallah, Delphine Visentin, Michaël Neuman, Mathilde Berthelot, Klaudia Porten, Sandra Cohuet
Background: In 2015, more than 1 million refugees arrived in Europe. During their travels, refugees often face harsh conditions, violence and torture in transit countries, but there is a lack of quantitative evidence on their experiences. We present the results of a retrospective survey among refugees in the 'Jungle' of Calais, France, to document their health problems and the violence they endured during their journeys. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based survey in November and December 2015...
November 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319805/the-captive-brain-torture-and-the-neuroscience-of-humane-interrogation
#4
Shane O'Mara
Despite it being abhorrent and illegal, torture is sometimes employed for information gathering. However, the extreme stressors employed during torture force the brain away from the relatively narrow, adaptive range of function it operates within. Torture degrades signal-to-noise ratios of information yield, and increases false positive discovery rates. As a discovery methodology, torture fails basic tests of veridical, reliable, and replicable information discovery. Torture fails during interrogation because it is an assault on our core integrated, social, psychological, and neural functioning...
January 3, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308366/a-rare-long-term-complication-of-physical-torture
#5
H K Ranil Sanjeewa, Muditha Vidanapathirana
The allegations made against custodians regarding ill treatments have been increased in Sri Lanka. However, their attention is grabbed by the immediate complications of torture, but not by late or delayed complications. A 35-year-old male was arrested for alleged housebreaking and kept under police custody. He alleged that he was hanged with his hands on several occasions. Six weeks after the incident, he presented to a tertiary care hospital with the weakness of his right shoulder. Examination revealed hyperpigmented scars over the left wrist and back of the left forearm with the right-sided medial winging of the scapula...
October 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306936/remote-healing-of-bipolar-disorder-eating-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-fibromyalgia-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-through-lifestyle-change
#6
Kelly Brogan
This case report illustrates the relationship between gut, hormonal, and brain function in that dietary change, mindfulness interventions, and detoxification led to resolution of disabling psychiatric symptoms. In this case, a single Caucasian female resolved her symptoms of bipolar disorder (BD) including psychotic features and suicidality, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms from childhood torture, disordered eating, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome through lifestyle interventions. This patient survived a severe trauma history only to develop alcohol dependence, disordered eating, and depressive symptoms, which were treated with a polypharmaceutical psychiatric approach...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302181/medical-students-attitudes-toward-torture-revisited
#7
Krista Dubin, Andrew R Milewski, Joseph Shin, Thomas P Kalman
This paper reports the findings of a survey of medical students' attitudes toward torture and discusses variables that may correlate with those attitudes. In late 2016, 483 enrolled medical and MD-PhD students at the Weill Cornell Medical College received an anonymous, institutional review board-approved survey that included questions about torture and its effectiveness, demographic questions, inquiries about personal experiences of harassment or discrimination, and questions regarding engagement in human rights activities...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294873/memories-of-boys-girls-and-adolescent-victims-of-political-prison-and-torture-by-the-chilean-military-civilian-dictatorship
#8
Ximena Faúndez, Manuel Cárdenas, Fuad Hatibovic, Evelyn Palma, Diego Bravo
This article reconstructs and analyzes the memories of victims of political prison and torture during the Chilean Military-Civilian Dictatorship who were minors when they experienced this violence. Participants in the study were 11 adults, six women and five men from the region of Valparaíso, who were victims of State terrorism during childhood and adolescence. The information production technique used was the focus group. A textual analysis was performed, based on interdisciplinary contributions from interpretation theory and discourse theories...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284288/traumatic-brain-injury-among-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#9
Jacob I McPherson
BACKGROUND: Refugees and asylum seekers face many challenges in their pursuit of a safe home. The journey for displaced individuals can be extremely dangerous and many do not survive or go missing. Survivors face significant risks of injury, abuse, and torture. Traumatic brain injury is one of the most common and disabling injuries sustained by these populations. This already complex condition can have profound implications on these groups and their families due to factors related to mental health, cultural perspectives, and their ability to navigate healthcare systems...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244200/from-hohensch%C3%A3-nhausen-to-guantanamo-bay-psychology-s-role-in-the-secret-services-of-the-gdr-and-the-united-states
#10
Moritz Michels, Martin Wieser
This paper presents a historical analysis of the genesis, context, and function of "Operative Psychology," a little-known branch of applied psychology developed by employees of the Ministry of State Security in the German Democratic Republic. For 25 years, theories and practices of Operative Psychology were taught to elite agents at the Juridical Academy in Potsdam, introducing them to various "silent" psychological techniques of persuasion, interrogation, and repression. After highlighting the economic and political context that increased the need for "silent" techniques of observation and repression, an overview of the topics that were taught and researched at the chair for Operative Psychology is given...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204726/psychopathology-and-associated-risk-factors-among-forcibly-displaced-syrian-children-and-adolescents
#11
Vahdet Gormez, Hale Nur Kılıç, A Cahid Orengul, Merve Nursoy Demir, Şeyma Demirlikan, Sibel Demirbaş, Betül Babacan, Kerem Kınık, Bengi Semerci
More than half of the 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees in Turkey are under 18 years of age. This study investigates prevalence of psychopathology and associated risk factors in refugee children in Turkey. Of a total of 218 children aged 9-15 years, 56.2% lost someone important to them, 55.1% saw dead or wounded people, 70.4% witnessed explosions or gun battles, 42.5% witnessed people being tortured and 25.6% personally experienced cruelty/torture during war. Prevalence of PTSD was 18.3% and that of anxiety-related disorders were as high as 69...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199529/-in-the-sport-i-am-here-therapeutic-processes-and-health-effects-of-sport-and-exercise-on-ptsd
#12
Clemens Ley, María Rato Barrio, Andreas Koch
Current evidence suggests positive effects of exercise on posttraumatic stress symptoms; however, knowledge about how these effects are achieved is limited. Thus, this study aims to contribute to a more holistic understanding of these effects. We performed a single case study of a war and torture survivor, who was diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and who was participant of the sport and exercise therapy program Movi Kune. Participant observation was conducted as well as semi-structured interviews with the participant and his psychotherapist...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194693/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-multi-couple-therapy-model-with-torture-survivors-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#13
Erin Morgan, Elizabeth Wieling, John Hubbard, Elsa Kraus
In this article, we present development and feasibility of implementation of a multi-couple group for use with torture-surviving couples. The model was developed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in a community that experienced widespread torture during the wars from 1998 to 2004. The Torture-Surviving Couple Group model is a short-term intervention designed to use few human resources to address relational difficulties resulting from exposure to traumatic stressors. The model was guided by critical and feminist epistemologies and employed an ecological lens to incorporate neurobiology and attachment processes along with narrative therapy techniques...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#14
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161059/american-doctors-at-the-nuremberg-medical-trial
#15
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#16
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102313/clinical-science-and-torture-survivors-rights-to-rehabilitation
#17
Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson, Richard A Bryant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098015/parents-perceptions-of-dental-care-challenges-in-male-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-initial-qualitative-exploration
#18
Leah I Stein Duker, Benjamin F Henwood, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Emma Juhlin, José C Polido, Sharon A Cermak
Background: Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience barriers to oral care in the dental office setting. The purpose of this study was to provide an increased understanding of these challenges experienced during oral care in the dental office by children with ASD. Method: This study was part of a larger mixed methods design and builds on quantitative results from a survey of parents of children with ASD ages 2-18 in which parents reported difficulties with access to care, sensory processing, and uncooperative behaviors...
July 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075746/uveitis-the-tortured-tale-of-the-tubercle
#19
Russell N Van Gelder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074888/flexible-pvdf-membranes-with-exceptional-robust-superwetting-surface-for-continuous-separation-of-oil-water-emulsions
#20
Zhu Xiong, Haibo Lin, Fu Liu, Peng Xiao, Ziyang Wu, Tiantian Li, Dehong Li
Instability of superwetting surface is the stumbling block of flexible polymeric membranes for continuous separation of water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsions. Manipulation of rigid superwetting nano-TiO2 on hierarchical poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane by mimicking the plant roots holding soil behaviour enabled the generation of robust superwetting surface withstanding the harshly physical and chemical torture. The unique interface combination, which fabricated by a compacted nano-layer with the thickness of ~20 μm, was disclosed by systematic structure characterization...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
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