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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221237/ptsd-orientation-to-pain-and-pain-perception-in-ex-prisoners-of-war-who-underwent-torture
#1
Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Karni Ginzburg
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that torture survivors often suffer long-term chronic pain and increased pain perception. However, it is unclear whether the actual experience of torture, or rather the subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), explains these pain problems. Furthermore, while catastrophic and fearful orientations to pain have been suggested to play a significant role in the association between trauma and pain, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study examined whether chronic pain and pain perception among torture survivors are associated with torture experience or PTSD and whether catastrophic and fearful orientations mediate or moderate these associations...
February 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168686/signs-of-fungal-infection-in-dead-mimic-the-chronic-torture
#2
Akhilesh K Pathak, Vaishaki Y Shukla
The cases of battered woman syndrome (BWS) are very common in India. The majority of the women suffer battering by their family members especially in-laws. The injuries occurring each time indicate their being battered, but on being questioned about these happenings, a mismatched history being given by them is the major indication of BWS. In many of the cases, the injuries present over the body either in healing stages or in association with skin diseases may mislead the forensic pathologists and investigating agencies...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146384/respiratory-health-in-migrant-populations-a-crisis-overlooked
#3
Fernando Holguin, M Anas Moughrabieh, Victoria Ojeda, Sanjay R Patel, Paula Peyrani, Miguel Pinedo, Juan C Celedón, Ivor S Douglas, Dona J Upson, Jesse Roman
The crisis in the Middle East has raised awareness about the challenges encountered by migrant populations, in particular, health-care access and delivery. Similar challenges are encountered by migrant populations around the world, including those entering the United States as refugees and/or survivors of torture as well as Mexicans and other Latin Americans crossing the border. During the 2016 International American Thoracic Society Meeting held in San Francisco, California, a group of researchers and health-care providers discussed these challenges at a minisymposium devoted to the respiratory health of migrants...
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#4
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058094/shane-o-mara-s-why-torture-doesn-t-work-the-neuroscience-of-interrogation
#5
Moheb Costandi
Waterboarding, sleep deprivation, and solitary confinement were some of the tactics outlined and authorized in a series of Bush Administration secret legal documents, known as the "torture memos," which were made public in 2009. Shane O'Mara's new book casts morality aside to examine whether torture produces reliable information. He reviews existing research in psychology and neuroscience to highlight the impact of torture methods on brain function.
November 2016: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056884/secondary-psychotic-features-in-refugees-diagnosed-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Mette Nygaard, Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: A substantial amount of refugees (10-30%) suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In Denmark there are different facilities specialised in psychiatric treatment of trauma-affected refugees. A previously published case report from such a facility in Denmark shows that some patients suffer from secondary psychotic symptoms alongside their PTSD. The aim of this study was to illustrate the characteristics and estimate the prevalence of psychotic features in a clinical population of trauma-affected refugees with PTSD...
January 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006958/positive-and-negative-themes-found-in-superhero-films
#7
Matthew Bauer, Andrew Georgeson, Caitlin McNamara, Bryan Wakefield, Tonya S King, Robert P Olympia
Superhero films have become incredibly popular. The objective of this study was to determine the positive and negative themes found in a select number of superhero films. A total of 30 superhero films were analyzed. The average numbers of positive and negative themes were 19.4 and 29.5 mean events per hour for all included films, respectively. The most common positive themes were "assisting others/protecting the public," "positive relationships with family/friends," and "teamwork/collaboration." The most common negative themes were "acts of violence/fighting," "use of guns/knives/lethal weapons," and "bullying/intimidation/torture...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991610/response-to-nursing-care-at-the-time-of-death-a-bathing-and-honoring-practice-%C3%A2
#8
Lauren Reveri
I am a nurse in a bone marrow transplantation unit at the University of Florida Health Shands Hospital in Gainesville. We are a high-risk center in the sense that we care for transplant patients who have been denied at other centers. Our patients are very sick with resistant disease and often with multiple comorbidities as well. These sad facts translate into long, torturous, brave battles that end in death. The nursing staff, patients, and families become very close over many months of fighting together. We witness waves of death of these people we have grown to love...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989268/the-factor-structure-of-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-refugees
#9
Angela Nickerson, Marylene Cloitre, Richard A Bryant, Ulrich Schnyder, Naser Morina, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: The construct of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) has attracted much research attention in previous years, however it has not been systematically evaluated in individuals exposed to persecution and displacement. Given that CPTSD has been proposed as a diagnostic category in the ICD-11, it is important that it be examined in refugee groups. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we proposed to test, for the first time, the factor structure of CPTSD proposed for the ICD-11 in a sample of resettled treatment-seeking refugees...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974971/the-psychological-wellbeing-of-iranian-journalists-a-descriptive-study
#10
Anthony Feinstein, Saul Feinstein, Maziar Behari, Bennis Pavisian
OBJECTIVE: Iran ranks 173 out of 180 countries on an index of press freedom. The purpose of the study was to assess the psychological wellbeing of Iranian journalists and document the stressors encountered in their work. DESIGN: A secure website was established and participants were given their unique identifying number and password to access the site. SETTING: Newsrooms in Iran and the diaspora. PARTICIPANTS: Responses were received from 114 journalists (76%) of whom 65...
December 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942252/special-considerations-for-the-treatment-of-pain-from-torture-and-war
#11
REVIEW
Amanda C de C Williams, Emma Baird
Pain care for survivors of torture and of war shows similarities and marked differences. For both, pain can be complex with unfamiliar presentations and the pains hard to assign to known disorders. For many survivors, pain and associated disability are overshadowed by psychological distress, often by post-traumatic stress symptoms that can be frightening and isolating. Pain medicine in war can exemplify best techniques and organisation, reducing suffering, but many military veterans have persistent pain that undermines their readjustment...
2016: Current Anesthesiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927979/caring-for-refugee-youth-in-the-school-setting
#12
Jennifer Leigh Johnson, Joyce Beard, Dena Evans
Annually, over 80,000 refugees enter the United States as a result of political or religious persecution. Of these, approximately 35% to 40% are children and adolescents. Refugees are faced with challenges associated with living conditions, cultural and social norms, and socioeconomic status due to problems occurring in their homelands. These challenges include but are not limited to malnutrition, communicable disease, questionable immunization status, lack of formal education, sexual abuse, violence, torture, human trafficking, homelessness, poverty, and a lack of access to health care...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918290/nacre-mimetic-bulk-lamellar-composites-reinforced-with-high-aspect-ratio-glass-flakes
#13
Selen N Gurbuz Guner, Arcan F Dericioglu
Nacre-mimetic epoxy matrix composites reinforced with readily available micron-sized high aspect ratio C-glass flakes were fabricated by a relatively simple, single-step, scalable, time, cost and man-power effective processing strategy: hot-press assisted slip casting (HASC). HASC enables the fabrication of preferentially oriented two-dimensional inorganic reinforcement-polymer matrix bulk lamellar composites with a micro-scale structure resembling the brick-and-mortar architecture of nacre. By applying the micro-scale design guideline found in nacre and optimizing the relative volume fractions of the reinforcement and the matrix as well as by anchoring the brick-and-mortar architecture, and tailoring the interface between reinforcements and the matrix via silane coupling agents, strong, stiff and tough bio-inspired nacre-mimetic bulk composites were fabricated...
December 5, 2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865157/allegations-of-maltreatment-in-custody
#14
REVIEW
Hermann Vogel
BACKGROUND: Maltreatment in custody overlaps with torture. Concerned governments avoid informing. These governments withhold information and try to impose definitions. Therefore, reports often cannot be verified, with the consequence being classified as "allegation". The misery of a victim influences the recording. Engaged parties modify their reporting according to their intention. The difficulty to verify reports and the position of governments affects the perception and in consequence the presentation...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859149/psyche-and-culture-perspectives-based-on-the-contributions-and-limits-of-ethnopsychiatry
#15
Rajaa Stitou
The unconscious often appears in the form of a question or answer to the difficult relationship between the psyche and culture, a difficulty that becomes exacerbated when we are dealing with cultural difference. This difficulty, evidenced for example by Freud's thoughts on Islam, reappears, albeit in a very different way, in ethnopsychiatric theory. The author discusses the blind spots of the binary logic of the unconscious present in the work of George Devereux, a logic that eventually leads him into the same trap he had himself criticized...
December 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858781/torture-survivors-symptom-load-compared-to-chronic-pain-and-psychiatric-in-patients
#16
Uwe Harlacher, Linda Nordin, Peter Polatin
Before their entry into the rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims ('RCT') in Copenhagen, the degree of symptoms of a group of resettled traumatized refugees was assessed by means of two rating scales: the Disability Rating Index (DRI) (n=197), measuring pain-related functional disability, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (n=147). The results obtained were compared with other patient populations, which included (1) a large Swedish mixed pain group and (2) various groups of pain patients previously investigated in the validation study of the DRI scale...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858780/prevalence-of-torture-and-other-warrelated-traumatic-events-in-forced-migrants-a-systematic-review
#17
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Vaez, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi
AIM: To describe and appraise the research literature reporting prevalence of torture and/or war-related potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) in adult forced migrants living in high-income countries. METHODS: A search for peer-reviewed articles in English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PILOTS, key journals, and reference lists. Studies based on clinical samples and samples where less than half of participants were forced migrants were excluded. Data was extracted and a methodological quality appraisal was performed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858779/measuring-change-and-changing-measures-the-development-of-a-torture-survivor-specific-measure-of-change
#18
Rebecca Horn, Andy Keefe
Freedom from Torture is a UK-based human rights organisation dedicated to the treatment and rehabilitation of torture survivors. The organisation has been working towards the development of a clinical outcome tool for a number of years, and the purpose of this paper is to (a) describe the process of developing the tool and the final tool itself, and (b) to outline the system which Freedom from Torture has established to collect, record and analyse the data produced. A review of the literature revealed that existing measures were not appropriate for measuring psychological and emotional change amongst torture survivors; therefore the organisation undertook to develop a tool specifically designed for this target group...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858778/creating-community-life-among-immigrant-survivors-of-torture-and-their-allies
#19
Nancy Bothne, Christopher B Keys
This qualitative study describes how immigrant survivors of torture in the United States built relationships among each other to form a psychological sense of community. Eight men and seven women from 11 different countries were recruited through a torture treatment center and a survivor-led advocacy and support coalition. This qualitative study explored how participants described their experiences of community life. An advisory group that included torture survivors, torture treatment practitioners, abolition advocates and academic experts guided the study...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857003/mental-health-interventions-and-priorities-for-research-for-adult-survivors-of-torture-and-systematic-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
William M Weiss, Ana M Ugueto, Zayan Mahmooth, Laura K Murray, Brian J Hall, Maya Nadison, Andrew Rasmussen, Jennifer S Lee, Andrea Vazzano, Judy Bass, Paul Bolton
This research describes the development and findings of a literature review and analysis meant to inform the international torture and trauma treatment community. The review focuses on interventions that have been used among populations affected by torture, based on a review of journals indexed in commonly used search engines. Work on the review began in September 2008 and continued to be updated until March 2014. In total, 88 studies of interventions for torture victims were identified. Studies ranged from randomized controlled trials utilizing evidence-based treatments to case studies employing non-structured, supportive therapies...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
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