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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786891/supporting-asylum-seekers-clinician-experiences-of-documenting-human-rights-violations-through-forensic-psychological-evaluation
#1
Kim A Baranowski, Melissa H Moses, Jasmine Sundri
The United States permits foreign nationals to apply for asylum if they have experienced persecution or have a fear of future persecution. In order to meet the criteria for persecution, the harm inflicted upon the asylum seeker does not need to be or have been physical and can include psychological sequelae. In an effort to document persecution, lawyers seek the assistance of health professionals when preparing their clients' asylum applications. Mental health professionals work to corroborate psychological evidence of the asylum seeker's report of ill treatment through evaluation and presentation of their findings in the form of legal affidavits...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#2
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745732/tattered-textures-of-kinship-the-effects-of-torture-among-iraqi-families-in-denmark
#3
Lotte Buch Segal
Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Denmark, primarily among Iraqi women and secondarily among Iraqi men who are either direct or indirect victims of torture, I explore how the memories of torture are distributed in the everyday lives of Danish families originating from Iraq. I argue that torture is folded into kin histories and the everyday work of bearing and resisting painful memories. Consequently, torture affects not only the mental and physical health of the singular survivor, but also the entire texture of kin relatedness around him or her, to the extent that kinship normativity may be disrupted...
May 10, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#4
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#5
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651589/pre-migration-trauma-repatriation-experiences-and-ptsd-among-north-korean-refugees
#6
Eunyoung Kim, Minwoo Yun, Jin Yong Jun, Woong-Sub Park
Many studies on refugees suggested that refugees' traumatic events associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether refugees' PTSD was caused by their negative experience before or after the entry of their destination country. Thus, a separation of refugees' pre-migration from their post-migration experience is particularly important in understanding the causal impact of trauma. Using a sample from North Korean refugees, this study investigates the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, the impact of tortured trauma, repatriation experiences, on PTSD among North Korean refugees (n = 698)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553425/integrating-a-public-health-and-human-rights-approach-into-mental-health-services-for-palestinians-in-the-gaza-strip
#7
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544233/-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state
#8
Christina Schumann, Michael Faust
BACKGROUND:  Diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state are the most serious diabetic emergencies. Before the discovery of insulin in 1921 by Banting and Best the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes was fatal ending in diabetic ketoacidosis equivalent to a torturous death. Today, mortality from diabetic ketoacidosis is low at approximately 2 %. But each death from these two acute metabolic complications of diabetes is potentially avoidable by improved patient and healthcare professional education...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525830/ptsd-of-rape-after-is-islamic-state-captivity
#9
Jan Ilhan Kizilhan
Research into the psychological consequences of rape on women in war and warlike situations is limited. The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence and the nature of PTSD symptoms among Yazidi women reporting rape during IS captivity, (b) to describe comorbidity of other psychological disorders, and (c) to examine the risk factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder.The study included 296 Yazidi women survivors of rape and has been conducted in Germany since January 2016 as part of a special-quota project in the German region of Baden-Wuerttemberg, designed to support the women and children who have escaped after being held hostage by IS...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509178/what-therapies-are-favored-in-the-treatment-of-the-psychological-sequelae-of-trauma-in-human-trafficking-victims
#10
Temilola Salami, Mollie Gordon, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is a major public health concern that brings about deleterious psychological consequences and sequelae. Although a number of risk and protective factors for the health consequences of human trafficking victims have been identified, there is a dearth of information in the area of treatment. Specifically, we found no articles comparing the different components of prevailing trauma treatment strategies, and the potential usefulness of these strategies in the treatment of human trafficking victims...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487948/economic-evaluation-of-a-bio-psycho-social-intervention-for-comorbid-disorders-in-a-traumatized-population-in-post-war-kosovo
#11
Wei-Lun Chang, Carit Jacques Andersen, Besa Shatri Berisha, Olena Estrup, Shr-Jie Wang
OBJECTIVE: Post-hoc economic evaluation of a bio-psycho-social intervention in post-war Kosovo from a societal perspective. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, and partial cost-benefit analysis using data from a randomized controlled trial. PATIENTS: Thirty-four torture/war victims with comorbid conditions enrolled in 2012-2013. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to an "intervention" and a "waiting-list" group...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462469/torture-if-it-doesn-t-work-why-use-it
#12
EDITORIAL
S C Donnelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445906/the-neuropsychological-consequences-of-armed-conflicts-and-torture
#13
REVIEW
Pedro Weisleder, Caitlin Rublee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At any point in time, there are hundreds of armed conflicts throughout the world. Neuropsychological disorders are a major cause of morbidity during and after armed conflicts. Conditions such as closed and open head injuries, acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and psychosis are prevalent among survivors. Herein, we summarize information on the various forms of torture, the resultant neuropsychological pathology, and treatment strategies to help survivors...
February 14, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445890/benign-endometrial-proliferations-mimicking-malignancies-a-review-of-problematic-entities-in-small-biopsy-specimens
#14
REVIEW
Philip Pun-Ching Ip
Benign proliferations that mimic malignancies are commonly encountered during the course of assessment of small and fragmented endometrial samples. Although benign, endometrial epithelial metaplasias often coexist with premalignant or malignant lesions causing diagnostic confusion. The difficulty with mucinous metaplasia lies in its distinction from atypical mucinous glandular proliferations and mucinous carcinomas, which are associated with significant interobserver variability. Papillary proliferation of the endometrium is commonly associated with hormonal drugs and endometrial polyps and is characterised by papillae with fibrovascular cores covered by epithelial cells without cytologic atypia...
February 14, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423174/chronic-pain-in-refugee-torture-survivors
#15
REVIEW
Gunisha Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420187/clinical-care-and-complicity-with-torture
#16
Zackary Berger, Leonard S Rubenstein, Matthew DeCamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399374/sporadic-hemangioblastoma-of-the-film-terminale-with-peritumoral-cyst
#17
Miho Zaimoku, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Shoji Seki, Yasuhito Yahara, Naoki Akioka, Johji Imura, Tomoatsu Kimura, Satoshi Kuroda
Background: Spinal hemangioblastoma originating from the film terminale are rare tumors. Here, we present a film terminale hemangioblastoma and review the appropriate literature. Case Description: A 37-year-old female presented with bilateral lower extremity pain without a focal neurological deficit. The magnetic resonance (MR) image demonstrated an intradural spinal tumor at the L1 level, which was accompanied by peritumoral cysts. In addition, there were multiple surpentine flow voids (e...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374872/-force-feeding-or-life-saving-dealing-with-hunger-strikes-in-israel
#18
Gil Siegal, Shimon Glick, Irit Offer-Stark, Avraham Steinberg
Force feeding of fasting hunger-striking prisoners is the subject of considerable controversy in Israel and elsewhere, posing a direct conflict between two basic ethical values: that of human life and respect for autonomy. The Israel Medical Association, as well as the World Medical Association, has taken the position that force feeding of such prisoners is an act of torture and is therefore unethical. However this paper presents an opposing view, which recently became the law in Israel, that, whereas the rights of prisoners to decree a hunger strike as a form of protest should be respected, if the prolongation of the strike reaches a stage of clear and present danger to the life and health of a prisoner, the saving of the prisoner's life must take precedence over considerations of autonomy...
January 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367172/the-pathology-of-torture
#19
Michael S Pollanen
Detainees may be subjected to torture and extra-judicial execution by State actors and terrorists. But, the pathology of torture has not been well-described. This is due to the lack of autopsies performed on victims of torture, mostly due to the disposal of the bodies of the victims by their torturers. On this basis, the cause of death of detainees subjected to torture is often a matter of speculation or remains obscure. This paper provides an overview of the pathology of torture based on the authour's experience with the autopsies of torture victims...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#20
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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