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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771614/timely-granular-and-actionable-informatics-in-the-public-health-3-0-era
#1
Y Claire Wang, Karen DeSalvo
Ensuring the conditions for all people to be healthy, though always the core mission of public health, has evolved in approaches in response to the changing epidemiology and challenges. In the Public Health 3.0 era, multisectorial efforts are essential in addressing not only infectious or noncommunicable diseases but also upstream social determinants of health. In this article, we argue that actionable, geographically granular, and timely intelligence is an essential infrastructure for the protection of our health today...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768601/improving-patient-care-trajectories-an-innovative-quasi-experimental-research-method-for-health-services
#2
Eneida Rached Campos, Djalma de Carvalho Moreira-Filho, Marcos Tadeu Nolasco da Silva
Scores to predict treatment outcomes have earned a well-deserved place in healthcare practice. However, when used to help achieve excellence in the care of a given disease, scores should also take into account organizational and social aspects. This article aims to create scores to obtain key variables and its application in the management of care of a given disease. We present a method called Epidemiological Planning for Patient Care Trajectory (PELC) and its application in a research of HIV pediatric patients...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766143/when-should-screening-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-for-adult-behaviors-start
#3
Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher, Kevin M Schuster, Kimberly A Davis
Background: Care of patients with trauma is not only limited to the sustained physical injuries but also requires addressing social issues, such as substance abuse and interpersonal violence, which are responsible for trauma-related recidivism. This study investigates whether there are age-related variations in these problematic social behaviors to analyze whether there is an age cut-off at which point adolescents should be screened for adult social behaviors. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with trauma aged 12-21 admitted to an urban Level 1 adult and pediatric trauma center between February 2013 and April 2016...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765958/current-perspectives-on-opisthorchiasis-control-and-cholangiocarcinoma-detection-in-southeast-asia
#4
REVIEW
Narong Khuntikeo, Attapol Titapun, Watcharin Loilome, Puangrat Yongvanit, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Nittaya Chamadol, Thidarat Boonmars, Teerachai Nethanomsak, Ross H Andrews, Trevor N Petney, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Similar to bile duct cancer or cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in the western world, opisthorchiasis-associated CCA in Southeast Asia is an aggressive cancer with high mortality rates. It is known to cause a significant health burden in the opisthorchiasis region in Thailand and possibly throughout mainland Southeast. To reduce this health burden, a comprehensive prevention and control program for opisthorchiasis, as well as CCA, is required. In this review, our aim is to provide a brief update of the current situation regarding the natural history of opisthorchiasis and health burden of CCA in Southeast Asia...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764649/the-biology-and-prevalence-of-fungal-diseases-in-managed-and-wild-bees
#5
REVIEW
Sophie Ef Evison, Annette B Jensen
Managed and wild bees, whether solitary or social have a plethora of microbial associations that vary in their influence on the health of the bees. In this review, we summarise our current knowledge of aspects of the biology and ecology of bee associated fungi. The biology of bees that fungi are associated with are described, and the likely influences on fungal transmission are discussed. There is a clear disparity in research on fungi associated with managed compared to wild bees, leaving gaps in our understanding of fungal pathogen epidemiology...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754398/development-and-course-of-chronic-pain-over-four-years-in-the-general-population-the-hunt-pain-study
#6
Tormod Landmark, Ola Dale, Pål Romundstad, Astrid Woodhouse, Stein Kaasa, Petter C Borchgrevink
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies of chronic pain frequently report high prevalence estimates. However, there is little information about the development and natural course of chronic pain. METHODS: We followed a random sample of participants from a population-based study (HUNT 3) with annual measures over four years. RESULTS: Among those without chronic pain at baseline, the probability of developing moderate to severe chronic pain (cumulative incidence) during the first year was 5%, a pain status that was maintained among 38% at the second follow-up...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754118/exploring-emotional-aspects-of-infertility-in-women-from-two-countries
#7
V Giannouli, S Stoyanova
A plethora of studies have examined the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression in relation to infertility, while ignoring social and cultural factors. The aim of this cross-cultural study is to examine emotions related to quality of life, perceived social support, depression and anxiety in two groups of young women with identical demographic characteristics (age, education, and duration of infertility - years to have a child) who experience fertility problems in two neighboring countries, Greece and Bulgaria...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750895/predictors-and-incidence-of-hospitalization-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-associated-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-lrti-in-non-prophylaxed-moderate-to-late-preterm-infants-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#8
Hajrija Maksić, Suada Heljić, Fahrija Skokić, Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina, Veroslava Milošević, Almir Zlatanović, Notario Gerard
Prematurity is a risk factor for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), due to immature humoral and cell-mediated immune system in preterm newborns, as well as their incomplete lung development. Palivizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the F glycoprotein of RSV, is licensed for the prevention of severe RSV LRTI in children at high risk for the disease. This study is a part of a larger observational, retrospective-prospective epidemiological study (PONI) conducted at 72 sites across 23 countries in the northern temperate zone...
April 27, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749747/physical-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-personality-disorders
#9
Katherine J Holzer, Jin Huang
OBJECTIVES: Personality Disorders (PDs) are associated with a multitude of negative consequences. The negative PD effects on health can be even more burdensome for older adults given the physical and social functioning changes that occur with age; however, the majority of research examining the influence of PDs focuses on younger adults. The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between PDs and physical health-related quality of life (PHRQoL) in adults over the age of 50...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749006/predictors-of-recurrence-in-remitted-late-life-depression
#10
Yi Deng, Douglas R McQuoid, Guy G Potter, David C Steffens, Kimberly Albert, Meghan Riddle, John L Beyer, Warren D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with a fragile antidepressant response and high recurrence risk. This study examined what measures predict recurrence in remitted LLD. METHODS: Individuals of age 60 years or older with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - IV (DSM-IV) diagnosis of major depressive disorder were enrolled in the neurocognitive outcomes of depression in the elderly study. Participants received manualized antidepressant treatment and were followed longitudinally for an average of 5 years...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747934/predictors-of-critical-care-and-mortality-in-bronchiolitis-after-emergency-department-discharge
#11
Suzanne Schuh, Jeffrey C Kwong, Laura Holder, Erin Graves, Erin M Macdonald, Yaron Finkelstein
OBJECTIVES: To identify the epidemiologic predictors and stratify the risk of critical care unit (CCU) admission or death in bronchiolitis following emergency department discharge. This information has not yet been explored. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort study using Ontario-wide demographic and healthcare databases linked at the individual level. We assessed all infants with bronchiolitis discharged home from all emergency departments in Ontario, Canada, 2003-2014...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746522/changes-in-quality-of-life-and-health-status-in-patients-with-extracorporeal-life-support-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#12
Kang-Hua Chen, Yu-Ting Chen, Shu-Ling Yeh, Li-Chueh Weng, Feng-Chun Tsai
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) provides emergency pulmonary and cardiac assistance for patients in respiratory or cardiac failure. Most studies evaluate the success of ECLS based on patients' survival rate. However, the trajectory of health status and quality of life (QOL) should also be important considerations. The study's aim was to explore changes in health status and QOL in adult patients weaned from ECLS who survived to hospital discharge over a one-year period. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted from April 2012 to September 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745718/online-social-networks-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Cristóbal de la Coba Ortiz, Julio Mayol
Enrolling patients for epidemiologic studies represents a challenge for researchers. Those who use traditional approaches, including in-person interviews and telephone or mail surveys, obtain increasingly lower participations. In the study by Martín-Fernández et al., the authors obtained 44 responses via mail and forums, and then 376 responses in just five days via Facebook. Online social networks (OSN) provide a unique opportunity to obtain epidemiologic data with resource savings and presumably collecting higher-quality information...
May 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745294/prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-county-level-risk-factors-based-on-the-social-ecological-model
#14
J T McDaniel
AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was the third leading cause of death among Americans in 2014. Multiple factors, ranging from proximal (i.e. biological characteristics and behaviors) to distal (i.e. environmental characteristics and policies), have been shown to predict COPD outcomes. The Social Ecological Model (SEM), which specifies that five levels of influence (i.e. intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional, community, and public policy factors) are implicated in the development of ill health, has not been used in epidemiological studies of COPD prevalence...
May 1, 2018: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744694/is-there-a-duty-to-participate-in-digital-epidemiology
#15
Brent Mittelstadt, Justus Benzler, Lukas Engelmann, Barbara Prainsack, Effy Vayena
This paper poses the question of whether people have a duty to participate in digital epidemiology. While an implied duty to participate has been argued for in relation to biomedical research in general, digital epidemiology involves processing of non-medical, granular and proprietary data types that pose different risks to participants. We first describe traditional justifications for epidemiology that imply a duty to participate for the general public, which take account of the immediacy and plausibility of threats, and the identifiability of data...
May 9, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744533/-epidemiological-studies-with-environmental-relevance-in-germany
#16
REVIEW
Alexandra Schneider, Regina Rückerl, Marie Standl, Iana Markevych, Barbara Hoffmann, Susanne Moebus, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Alisa Weber, Caroline Herr, Annette Heißenhuber, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Stefanie Heinze, Christine Schulz, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Hildegard Niemann, Antje Gößwald, Tamara Schikowski, Anke Hüls, Dorothee Sugiri, Annette Peters
Our environment is a major factor in determining health and well-being throughout life, from conception into old age. This overview illustrates the most important epidemiological studies and health monitoring systems in Germany, which investigate environmental influences in various population subgroups and estimate related health effects. Environmental factors examined in each study are described. The mentioned studies in children and adults build the basis for predictions and preventive measures. The number of the assessed environmental factors, the depth of the examinations as well as the (phenotypical) characterization of the study participants differ...
May 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744473/the-prevalence-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-population-aged-40-years-or-over-in-south-korea
#17
Tag Keun Yoo, Kyu-Sung Lee, Budiwan Sumarsono, Sung-Tae Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hyun-Cheol Lee, Sun-Hwa Kim
Purpose: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) can be distressing and socially isolating, and the economic impact can be substantial. Further data to characterize the epidemiology and effects of LUTS in South Korea would be beneficial. Materials and Methods: In an international, internet-based survey, the prevalence and impact of LUTS was evaluated in adults aged ≥40 years. Questions related to International Continence Society (ICS) symptom definitions and the bother associated with each symptom...
May 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744236/brief-assessments-and-screening-for-geriatric-conditions-in-older-primary-care-patients-a-pragmatic-approach
#18
REVIEW
Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Christophe Büla
This paper discusses the rationale behind performing a brief geriatric assessment as a first step in the management of older patients in primary care practice. While geriatric conditions are considered by older patients and health professionals as particularly relevant for health and well-being, they remain too often overlooked due to many patient- and physician-related factors. These include time constraints and lack of specific training to undertake comprehensive geriatric assessment. This article discusses the epidemiologic rationale for screening functional, cognitive, affective, hearing and visual impairments, and nutritional status as well as fall risk and social status...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742976/categorical-state-sequence-analysis-and-regression-tree-to-identify-determinants-of-care-trajectory-in-chronic-disease-example-of-end-stage-renal-disease
#19
Nolwenn Le Meur, Cécile Vigneau, Mathilde Lefort, Saïd Lebbah, Jean-Philippe Jais, Eric Daugas, Sahar Bayat
Background Patients with chronic diseases, like patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), have long history of care driven by multiple determinants (medical, social, economic, etc.). Although in most epidemiological studies, analyses of health care determinants are computed on single health care events using classical multivariate statistical regression methods. Only few studies have integrated the concept of treatment trajectories as a whole and studied their determinants. Methods All 18- to 80-year-old incident ESRD patients who started dialysis in Ile-de-France or Bretagne between 2006 and 2009 and could be followed for a period of 48 months after initiation of a renal replacement therapy were included ( n = 5568)...
January 1, 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740232/hiv-epidemiology-in-nigeria
#20
REVIEW
Awoyemi Abayomi Awofala, Olusegun Emmanuel Ogundele
Nigeria realizes the devastating effects of HIV/AIDS on its people, health, economic, and social progress fairly recently. This paper analyses descriptively the HIV epidemiology in Nigeria based on the sentinel surveillance system in place. Recently, it is estimated that about 3, 229, 757 people live with HIV in Nigeria and about 220, 393 new HIV infections occurred in 2013 and 210,031 died from AIDS related cases. People practicing low-risk sex are the driving force of HIV epidemic in Nigeria while the high risk groups involving female sex workers, men who have sex with men and injecting drug users contribute substantially to new infections...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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