keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331352/factors-associated-with-voice-disorders-among-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#1
Amanda Cibelly Brito Gois, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio Costa de Lima
INTRODUCTION: During the aging process, natural modifications occur in the larynx and the structures involved in phonation which explain the specific characteristics found in the voices of elderly persons. When, at any moment, a voice fails and there is interference with communication, a voice disorder has occurred. This can generate disadvantages in communicative efficiency and have a negative impact on quality of life, compromising mechanisms of socialization, the maintenance of autonomy, and the sense of well-being...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330534/when-increasing-population-density-can-promote-the-evolution-of-metabolic-cooperation
#2
Richard J Lindsay, Bogna J Pawlowska, Ivana Gudelj
Microbial cooperation drives ecological and epidemiological processes and is affected by the ecology and demography of populations. Population density influences the selection for cooperation, with spatial structure and the type of social dilemma, namely public-goods production or self-restraint, shaping the outcome. While existing theories predict that in spatially structured environments increasing population density can select either for or against cooperation, experimental studies with both public-goods production and self-restraint systems have only ever shown that increasing population density favours cheats...
January 12, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328875/environmental-determinants-of-breast-cancer
#3
Robert A Hiatt, Julia Green Brody
In the United States, breast cancer is the most common invasive malignancy and the second most common cause of death from cancer in women. Reproductive factors, estrogen, and progesterone have major causal roles, but concerns about other potential causes in the external environment continue to drive research inquiries and stimulate calls for action at the policy level. The environment is defined as anything that is not genetic and includes social, built, and chemical toxicant aspects. This review covers the scope of known and suspected environmental factors that have been associated with breast cancer and illustrates how epidemiology, toxicology, and mechanistic studies work together to create the full picture of environmental effects on this malignancy...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328870/agent-based-modeling-in-public-health-current-applications-and-future-directions
#4
Melissa Tracy, Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes
Agent-based modeling is a computational approach in which agents with a specified set of characteristics interact with each other and with their environment according to predefined rules. We review key areas in public health where agent-based modeling has been adopted, including both communicable and noncommunicable disease, health behaviors, and social epidemiology. Wealso describe the main strengths and limitations of this approach for questions with public health relevance. Finally, we describe both methodologic and substantive future directions that we believe will enhance the value of agent-based modeling for public health...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320896/mortality-rate-and-oral-health-a-cohort-study-over-44-years-in-the-county-of-stockholm
#5
Leif Jansson, Hero Kalkali, Freha Mulk Niazi
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between oral health and all-cause mortality rate over 44 years. In addition, the specific relations between oral health and death caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer or other reasons were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An epidemiological investigation studying the oral health of the population consisting of 1393 randomly selected subjects was performed in the County of Stockholm. The individuals were invited to a clinical examination, an interview and a radiographic examination...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319603/population-neuroscience-dementia-epidemiology-serving-precision-medicine-and-population-health
#6
Mary Ganguli, Emiliano Albanese, Sudha Seshadri, David A Bennett, Constantine Lyketsos, Walter A Kukull, Ingmar Skoog, Hugh C Hendrie
Over recent decades, epidemiology has made significant contributions to our understanding of dementia, translating scientific discoveries into population health. Here, we propose reframing dementia epidemiology as "population neuroscience," blending techniques and models from contemporary neuroscience with those of epidemiology and biostatistics. On the basis of emerging evidence and newer paradigms and methods, population neuroscience will minimize the bias typical of traditional clinical research, identify the relatively homogenous subgroups that comprise the general population, and investigate broader and denser phenotypes of dementia and cognitive impairment...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315796/the-association-of-self-reported-diabetes-with-impaired-social-functioning-in-low-middle-and-high-income-countries-findings-from-the-world-health-survey
#7
A Loerbroks, R M Herr, A Icks, J A Bosch
AIM: Epidemiological studies from high-income countries show that diabetes is associated with impaired social functioning. As healthcare systems in middle- and low-income countries offer fewer resources to curtail the potential social impact of diabetes, we performed a comparative study on the diabetes-social impairment link in low-, middle- and high-income countries. METHODS: We use data from the cross-sectional World Health Survey (n = 235 428 from 10 low-income, 29 middle-income and 9 high-income countries)...
January 7, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314219/pediatric-psoriasis-evolving-perspectives
#8
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Amy S Paller, Wynnis L Tom, Jeffrey Sugarman, Adelaide A Hebert, Sheila Fallon Friedlander, Elaine Siegfried, Nanette Silverberg, Kelly M Cordoro
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood-onset psoriasis is a common skin disorder that has recently received increasing attention, particularly because of its significant medical, social, financial, and psychological burdens and its associated comorbidities. With limited data available and lack of standardized management guidelines for pediatric psoriasis, an expert panel desired to provide an updated critical overview and practical guidance for management of the affected population. METHODS: A panel of pediatric dermatologists with extensive experience in pediatric psoriasis defined and prioritized a core set of topics, performed an English-language literature review, prepared critical evaluations and presentations of topic areas, and carried out a consensus meeting and follow-up consensus manuscript...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313293/management-of-care-transition-and-hospital-discharge
#9
Amedeo Zurlo, Giovanni Zuliani
Current demographic and epidemiological trends highlight a growing task in surgical departments by elderly patients, characterized by high prevalence of comorbidity, complexity, and functional disability. Of consequence, discharge of an elderly patient must be considered in a new cultural perspective and should be imagined as a well-structured process starting from admission to surgical department and finishing with the patient discharge in a setting able to support her/him in the best possible way. The lack of a suitable discharge planning and of a proper transition program in the elderly subjects increases the risk of quick re-admission and may negatively affect the functional and the status quality of life of patients and caregivers...
January 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306695/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-disorders-co-occurrence-and-gender-differences-in-a-large-cross-sectional-population-based-study-in-spain
#10
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Jorge A Cervilla, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental disorders (MD) are important public health problems disproportionally affecting women. We aimed to study the epidemiology of IPV victimization, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD in Spanish men and women in terms of i) prevalence, ii) association between IPV and MD, and iii) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with IPV, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD. METHODS: Community-based cross-sectional study with 4507 randomly selected participants...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#11
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305196/periconceptional-folate-deficiency-leads-to-autism-like-traits-in-wistar-rat-offspring
#12
Stéphanie Degroote, Darel Hunting, Larissa Takser
BACKGROUND: Folates in their role as key one carbon donors, are essential for two major pathways: the synthesis of DNA and RNA precursors and DNA methylation. A growing body of evidence from epidemiological studies indicates a possible association between nutritional and functional deficiency in folates and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). However, there are no available behavioral animal studies on periconceptional one‑carbon donor deficiency during gestation and the autistic phenotype...
January 2, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305018/multilevel-analysis-of-individual-heterogeneity-and-discriminatory-accuracy-maihda-within-an-intersectional-framework
#13
Juan Merlo
BACKGROUND: Analyzing Body Mass Index as a didactical example, the study by Evans, Williams, Onnela, and Subramanian (EWOS study) introduce a novel methodology for the investigation of socioeconomic disparities in health. By using multilevel analysis to model health inequalities within and between strata defined by the intersection of multiple social and demographic dimensions, the authors provide a better understanding of the health heterogeneity existing in the population. Their innovative methodology allows for gathering inductive information on a large number of stratum-specific interactions of effects and, simultaneously, informs on the discriminatory accuracy of such strata for predicting individual health...
December 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304222/quentin-reconstruction-of-disease-transmissions-from-viral-quasispecies-genomic-data
#14
Pavel Skums, Alex Zelikovsky, Rahul Singh, Walker Gussler, Zoya Dimitrova, Sergey Knyazev, Igor Mandric, Sumathi Ramachandran, David Campo, Deeptanshu Jha, Leonid Bunimovich, Elizabeth Costenbader, Connie Sexton, Siobhan O'Connor, Guo-Liang Xia, Yury Khudyakov
Motivation: Genomic analysis has become one of the major tools for disease outbreak investigations. However, existing computational frameworks for inference of transmission history from viral genomic data often do not consider intra-host diversity of pathogens and heavily rely on additional epidemiological data, such as sampling times and exposure intervals. This impedes genomic analysis of outbreaks of highly mutable viruses associated with chronic infections, such as human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus, whose transmissions are often carried out through minor intra-host variants, while the additional epidemiological information often is either unavailable or has a limited use...
January 1, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301489/intrapartum-fetal-deaths-and-unexpected-neonatal-deaths-in-the-republic-of-ireland-2011-2014-a-descriptive-study
#15
K McNamara, K O'Donoghue, R A Greene
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum fetal death, the death of a fetus during labour, is a tragic outcome of pregnancy. The intrapartum death rate of a country is reflective of the care received by mothers and babies in labour and it is through analysing these cases that good aspects of care, as well as areas for improvement can be identified. Investigating unexpected neonatal deaths that may be associated with an intrapartum event is also helpful to fully appraise intrapartum care. This is a descriptive study of intrapartum fetal deaths and unexpected neonatal deaths in Ireland from 2011 to 2014...
January 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295718/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-brazil
#16
Maria Teresinha Gomes Casavechia, Gessilda de Alcântara Nogueira de Melo, Andrea Claudia Bekner Da Silva Fernandes, Karin Reinhold De Castro, Raissa Bocchi Pedroso, Thaís Da Silva Santos, Jorge Juarez Vieira Teixeira
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence and factors associated with Schistosoma mansoni infection in Brazil. We searched the PubMed, Web of Science and Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (LILACS) databases, scientific publications articles, according to The PRISMA Statement, from 2000 to 2016. A total of 27 studies were included according to the established criteria. The prevalence of S. mansoni infection varied widely, from 0·1 to 73·1%, based on Kato-Katz technique...
January 3, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294915/multiple-traumas-maternal-depression-mother-child-relationship-social-support-and-young-children-s-behavioral-problems
#17
Miriam Schiff, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Yuval Ziv, Danny Brom
This study examined whether maternal depression, mother-child relationships, and maternal perceived social support mediate the associations between child's exposure to multiple traumatic events and behavioral problems. We recruited a representative sample of 904 Israeli (Jewish and Arab) mothers and their 2- to 6-year-old children. Data collection was conducted through structured face-to-face interviews with the mothers between July and November 2011. All measures were completed by the mothers. We used the child's and mother's exposure to political violence questionnaires, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), a short version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294594/-the-effects-of-closure-to-live-poultry-markets-on-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-epidemics-in-china
#18
T Liu, G H Zhu, B Zhang, T Song, M Kang, J Lu, Y Q Zhao, Z Huang, Y L Huang, X J Wang, X Y Yang, W J Ma
Since March 2013, China had experienced five seasonal epidemics related to Avian influenza A (H7N9). An unprecedented outbreak of H7N9 epidemic started from September 2016, with 730 cases reported till June 30(th) 2017, in mainland China that caused profound influences on both social development and health of the people. As an emerging infectious disease, information on pathogenic characteristics, transmission patterns and other epidemiological features of H7N9 virus somehow remained unclear. Data from previous studies suggested that the live poultry market (LPM) seemed to have served as main places where H7N9 virus got originated, mutated, spread and thus infected the human beings...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291108/do-it-yourself-networks-a-novel-method-of-generating-weighted-networks
#19
D W Shanafelt, K R Salau, J A Baggio
Network theory is finding applications in the life and social sciences for ecology, epidemiology, finance and social-ecological systems. While there are methods to generate specific types of networks, the broad literature is focused on generating unweighted networks. In this paper, we present a framework for generating weighted networks that satisfy user-defined criteria. Each criterion hierarchically defines a feature of the network and, in doing so, complements existing algorithms in the literature. We use a general example of ecological species dispersal to illustrate the method and provide open-source code for academic purposes...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287761/brucellosis-in-west-and-central-africa-a-review-of-the-current-situation-in-a-changing-landscape-of-dairy-cattle-systems
#20
REVIEW
L Craighead, A Meyer, B Chengat, I Musallam, J Akakpo, P Kone, J Guitian, B Häsler
Brucellosis is a neglected endemic zoonosis in West and Central Africa. In this narrative review, evidence of livestock and human infection is presented along with details of past and current control strategies in 14 selected countries. Data from available literature is combined with expert opinion elicited during a regional workshop on brucellosis diagnostics. Demographic changes that affect both the epidemiology of brucellosis and the success of control or surveillance are also considered. The evidence suggests that brucellosis prevalence in emerging peri-urban dairy cattle systems may be higher than that found in traditional transhumant extensive systems...
December 26, 2017: Acta Tropica
keyword
keyword
112497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"