keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Phase contrast Magnetic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799151/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-features-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-not-detected-during-the-screening-procedure
#1
Yi Dong, Wen-Ping Wang, Feng Mao, Christoph Dietrich
Aim The aim of this retrospective study is to report on the characteristics of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of primarily not detected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during the screening procedure of patients at risk. Methods Sixty-four patients with a finally solitary and histologically proven HCC not detected HCC during the screening procedure were retrospectively analyzed. Most of HCC lesions (90.6 %, 58/64) measured < 20 mm in diameter. All HCC lesions were not detected during the initial screening procedure but suspected using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797357/stress-perfusion-coronary-flow-reserve-versus-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-for-known%C3%A2-or%C3%A2-suspected-cad
#2
Shingo Kato, Naka Saito, Tatsuya Nakachi, Kazuki Fukui, Tae Iwasawa, Masataka Taguri, Masami Kosuge, Kazuo Kimura
BACKGROUND: Phase-contrast (PC) cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the coronary sinus is a noninvasive method to quantify coronary flow reserve (CFR). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the prognostic value of CFR by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and stress perfusion CMR to predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS: Participants included 276 patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) and 400 with suspected CAD...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796540/recent-advances-in-targeted-delivery-of-tissue-plasminogen-activator-for-enhanced-thrombolysis-in-ischemic-stroke
#3
Masumeh Zamanlu, Mehdi Farhoudi, Morteza Eskandani, Javad Mahmoudi, Jaleh Barar, Mohammad Rafi, Yadollah Omidi
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is the only FDA approved medical treatment for the ischemic stroke. However, it associates with some inevitable limitations, including: short therapeutic window, extremely short half-life and low penetration in large clots. Systemic administration (i.v./i.a.) may lead to complications such as hemorrhagic conversion in the brain and relapse in the form of re-occlusion. Furthermore, ultrasound has been utilized in combination with contrast agents, echogenic liposome, microspheres or nanoparticles carrying tPA for improving thrombolysis - an approach that has resulted in slight improvement of tPA delivery and facilitated thrombolysis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791759/spatial-distribution-of-flow-and-oxygenation-in-the-cerebral-venous-drainage-system
#4
Jill B De Vis, Hanzhang Lu, Harshan Ravi, Jeroen Hendrikse, Peiying Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the venous oxygenation and flow in the brain, and determine how they might change under challenged states. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight healthy human subjects (24-37 years) were studied. T2 -relaxation under spin tagging (TRUST) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and phase-contrast MRI were performed to measure venous oxygenation and venous blood flow, respectively, in the superior sagittal sinus (SSS), the straight sinus (SS), and the internal jugular veins (IJVs)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790121/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-relaxometry-predicts-regional-functional-outcome-after-experimental-myocardial-infarction
#5
Sebastian M Haberkorn, Christoph Jacoby, Zhaoping Ding, Petra Keul, Florian Bönner, Amin Polzin, Bodo Levkau, Jürgen Schrader, Malte Kelm, Ulrich Flögel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance with gadolinium-based contrast agents has established as gold standard for tissue characterization after myocardial infarction (MI). Beyond accurate diagnosis, the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance to predict the outcome after MI has yet to be substantiated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Recent cardiovascular magnetic resonance approaches were systematically compared for quantification of tissue injury and functional impairment after MI using murine models with permanent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation (n=14) or 50 minutes ischemia/reperfusion (n=13)...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778011/dynamic-bicycle-exercise-to-assess-cardiac-output-at-multiple-exercise-levels-during-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Johan Heiberg, Benjamin Asschenfeldt, Marie Maagaard, Steffen Ringgaard
PURPOSE: The aim was to establish a method for performing dynamic exercise during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a slowly increasing workload protocol. METHODS: An ergometer bicycle with a step-wise, exercise protocol was used. Real-time phase-contrast MRI images of the aorta were obtained at each exercise step. RESULTS: In total, 40 participants completed the exercise protocol to reach a mean maximum cardiac output of 13.7±3.7l/min and a heart rate of 150±16beats/min at the highest exercise level...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776991/topotactic-fluorine-insertion-into-the-channels-of-fesb2o4-related-materials
#7
Benjamin P de Laune, Gregory J Rees, José F Marco, Hien-Yoong Hah, Charles E Johnson, Jacqueline A Johnson, Frank J Berry, John V Hanna, Colin Greaves
This paper discusses the fluorination characteristics of phases related to FeSb2O4, by reporting the results of a detailed study of Mg0.50Fe0.50Sb2O4 and Co0.50Fe0.50Sb2O4. Reaction with fluorine gas at low temperatures (typically 230 °C) results in topotactic insertion of fluorine into the channels, which are an inherent feature of the structure. Neutron powder diffraction and solid state NMR studies show that the interstitial fluoride ions are bonded to antimony within the channel walls to form Sb-F-Sb bridges...
August 4, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774018/the-effects-of-a-high-magnetic-field-on-the-annealing-of-fe0-5co0-5-0-75b0-2si0-05-96nb%C3%A2-bulk-metallic-glass
#8
Peng Jia, En-Gang Wang, Ke Han
In contrast with amorphous alloys, nanocrystalline soft magnetic materials show improved thermal stability and higher soft magnetic properties. The nanocrystalline soft magnetic composites are usually fabricated by partially crystallizing from parent amorphous alloys. This paper reports our experimental observation on the sequence of crystallization in metallic glass under a high magnetic field (HMF). An application of a HMF to bulk metallic glass (BMG) of [(Fe0.5Co0.5)0.75B0.2Si0.05]96Nb₄ prioritizes the precipitation of α-(Fe,Co) phase separated from the subsequent precipitation of borides, (Fe,Co)23B₆, upon isothermal annealing at a glass transition temperature...
November 4, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765698/early-radiological-assessment-of-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-treated-with-electrochemotherapy
#9
Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Sergio Venanzio Setola, Mauro Piccirillo, Maddalena Leongito, Raffaele Palaia, Francesco Granata, Secondo Lastoria, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
AIM: To report early imaging assessment of ablated area post electrochemotherapy (ECT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: ECT was performed in 19 LAPC patients enrolled in an approved ongoing clinical phase I/II study. Before and after ECT, 18 patients underwent computed tomography (CT) scan, 11 patients underwent morphological and functional magnetic resonance (MR) scan (dynamic contrast enhanced-MRI) calculating wash-in slope (WIS) and wash-out slope (WOS); diffusion weighted imaging calculating pseudo-diffusivity (Dp), perfusion fraction (fp) and tissue diffusivity (Dt); 10 patients underwent positron emission tomography (PET)...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764938/neuroimaging-techniques-to-assess-inflammation-in-multiple-sclerosis
#10
REVIEW
Silvia Tommasin, Costanza Giannì, Laura De Giglio, Patrizia Pantano
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease that represents a leading cause of disability in young adults and is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of both white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM). Defining the presence or absence of inflammation on individual basis is a key point in choosing the therapy and monitoring the treatment response. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents the most sensitive non-invasive tool to monitor inflammation in the clinical practice. Indeed, in the early phase of inflammation MRI detects new lesions as extrusion of gadolinium contrast agents across the altered blood-brain-barrier (BBB)...
July 29, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764773/quantification-of-both-the-area-at-risk-and-acute-myocardial-infarct-size-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-using-t1-mapping
#11
Heerajnarain Bulluck, Matthew Hammond-Haley, Marianna Fontana, Daniel S Knight, Alex Sirker, Anna S Herrey, Charlotte Manisty, Peter Kellman, James C Moon, Derek J Hausenloy
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in reperfused ST-segment myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients can be challenging to perform and can be time-consuming. We aimed to investigate whether native T1-mapping can accurately delineate the edema-based area-at-risk (AAR) and post-contrast T1-mapping and synthetic late gadolinium (LGE) images can quantify MI size at 1.5 T. Conventional LGE imaging and T2-mapping could then be omitted, thereby shortening the scan duration...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763836/-early-imaging-diagnosis-of-primary-liver-cancer
#12
L L Long, P Peng, Z K Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignant tumor of the liver, and in the process of HCC development, early identification and timely treatment can significantly improve patient survival rate. Imaging techniques play an important role in the monitoring of chronic liver diseases, evolution of cirrhotic nodules, and early diagnosis of HCC. Multi-phase or dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reflect the changes in blood supply during the evolution of liver cirrhotic nodules...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761126/high-t-c-superconductivity-in-undoped-thfeasn
#13
T Shiroka, T Shang, C Wang, G-H Cao, I Eremin, H-R Ott, J Mesot
Unlike the widely studied ReFeAsO series, the newly discovered iron-based superconductor ThFeAsN exhibits a remarkably high critical temperature of 30 K, without chemical doping or external pressure. Here we investigate in detail its magnetic and superconducting properties via muon-spin rotation/relaxation and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques and show that ThFeAsN exhibits strong magnetic fluctuations, suppressed below ~35 K, but no magnetic order. This contrasts strongly with the ReFeAsO series, where stoichiometric parent materials order antiferromagnetically and superconductivity appears only upon doping...
July 31, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759887/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-angiography-for-blunt-vertebral-artery-injury-detection-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Georgios P Karagiorgas, Alexandros G Brotis, Theofanis Giannis, Christos D Rountas, Katerina G Vassiou, Kostas N Fountas, Eftychia Z Kapsalaki
The role of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the evaluation of patients with blunt vertebral artery has not been fully established. Our aim is to define the diagnostic accuracy of MRA in comparison to digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the detection of blunt vertebral artery injury in trauma patients. A computer-assisted literature search of the PubMed, Scopus, Highwire, Web of Science, and LILACS was conducted, in order to identify studies reporting on the sensitivity and specificity of MRA in comparison to DSA for the detection of blunt vertebral artery injury in trauma patients...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756085/differentiation-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocellular-carcinoma-from-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-the-cirrhotic-liver-using-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging
#15
Georg J Wengert, Pascal A T Baltzer, Hubert Bickel, Patrick Thurner, Julia Breitenseher, Mathias Lazar, Matthias Pones, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Florian Hucke, Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the potential of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging features to differentiate between mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (ICC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhotic livers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study, performed between 2001 and 2013, included 64 baseline magnetic resonance imaging examinations with pathohistologically proven liver cirrhosis, presenting with either ICC (n = 32) or HCC (n = 32) tumors...
July 26, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748924/significant-and-variable-linear-polarization-during-the-prompt-optical-flash-of-grb-160625b
#16
E Troja, V M Lipunov, C G Mundell, N R Butler, A M Watson, S Kobayashi, S B Cenko, F E Marshall, R Ricci, A Fruchter, M H Wieringa, E S Gorbovskoy, V Kornilov, A Kutyrev, W H Lee, V Toy, N V Tyurina, N M Budnev, D A H Buckley, J González, O Gress, A Horesh, M I Panasyuk, J X Prochaska, E Ramirez-Ruiz, R Rebolo Lopez, M G Richer, C Román-Zúñiga, M Serra-Ricart, V Yurkov, N Gehrels
Newly formed black holes of stellar mass launch collimated outflows (jets) of ionized matter that approach the speed of light. These outflows power prompt, brief and intense flashes of γ-rays known as γ-ray bursts (GRBs), followed by longer-lived afterglow radiation that is detected across the electromagnetic spectrum. Measuring the polarization of the observed GRB radiation provides a direct probe of the magnetic fields in the collimated jets. Rapid-response polarimetric observations of newly discovered bursts have probed the initial afterglow phase, and show that, minutes after the prompt emission has ended, the degree of linear polarization can be as high as 30 per cent-consistent with the idea that a stable, globally ordered magnetic field permeates the jet at large distances from the central source...
July 26, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746206/association-between-relative-liver-enhancement-on-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-images-and-histologic-grade-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Young-Joo Jin, Soon Gu Cho, Kun Young Lee, Joon Mee Kim, Jin Woo Lee
We evaluated the association between histologic grade of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and degree of HCC enhancement on Gd-EOB-DTPA (Gadoxetic acid, Primovist)-enhanced magnetic resonance images (MRI) in HCC patients.A total of 121 patients who underwent curative surgical resection for HCC at our institution between January 2012 and March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Gadoxetic acid enhanced MRI was performed in all patients before surgery. Signal intensities of HCC and peri-HCC areas were measured using regions of interest...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745755/molecular-engineering-of-lanthanide-ion-chelating-phospholipids-generating-assemblies-with-a-switched-magnetic-susceptibility
#18
Stéphane Isabettini, Sarah Massabni, Arnel Hodzic, Dzana Durovic, Joachim Kohlbrecher, Takashi Ishikawa, Peter Fischer, Erich J Windhab, Peter Walde, Simon Kuster
Lanthanide ion (Ln(3+)) chelating amphiphiles are powerful molecules for tailoring the magnetic response of polymolecular assemblies. Mixtures of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-ethanolamine-diethylene triaminepentaacetate (DMPE-DTPA) complexed to Ln(3+) deliver highly magnetically responsive bicelles. Their magnetic properties are readily tuned by changing the bicellar size or the magnetic susceptibility Δχ of the bilayer lipids. The former technique is intrinsically bound to the region of the phase diagram guarantying the formation of bicelles...
August 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744784/modeling-left-ventricular-blood-flow-using-smoothed-particle-hydrodynamics
#19
Andrés Caballero, Wenbin Mao, Liang Liang, John Oshinski, Charles Primiano, Raymond McKay, Susheel Kodali, Wei Sun
This study aims to investigate the capability of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), a fully Lagrangian mesh-free method, to simulate the bulk blood flow dynamics in two realistic left ventricular (LV) models. Three dimensional geometries and motion of the LV, proximal left atrium and aortic root are extracted from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and multi-slice computed tomography imaging data. SPH simulation results are analyzed and compared with those obtained using a traditional finite volume-based numerical method, and to in vivo phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography data, in terms of the large-scale blood flow phenomena usually clinically measured...
July 25, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742031/patient-specific-left-ventricular-flow-simulations-from-transthoracic-echocardiography-robustness-evaluation-and-validation-against-ultrasound-doppler-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
David Larsson, Jeannette H Spuhler, Sven Petersson, Tim Nordenfur, Massimiliano Colarieti-Tosti, Johan Hoffman, Reidar Winter, Matilda Larsson
The combination of medical imaging with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has enabled the study of 3D blood flow on a patient-specific level. However, with models based on gated high-resolution data, the study of transient flows, and any model implementation into routine cardiac care, is challenging. The present paper presents a novel pathway for patient-specific CFD modelling of the left ventricle (LV), using 4D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as input modality. To evaluate the clinical usability, two sub-studies were performed...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
keyword
keyword
112495
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"