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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211282/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-jejunum-an-uncommon-finding-within-the-reach-of-capsule-endoscopy
#1
José Francisco Juanmartiñena, Marta Montes, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
An 80 year-old female presented with ductal breast carcinoma (stage II) three years ago, complained of asthenia and iron-deficiency anemia. No diagnosis was obtained after conventional endoscopy and iron supplements were indicated. Ten months later visible digestive hemorrhage was presented. Upper and lower endoscopy was repeated but non-diagnosis was obtained. Thus, video capsule endoscopy was indicated identifying a stenotic lesion arising in the mucosa of distal jejunum. Histopathological examination revealed a poorly mucinous differentiated signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma with an intense peri-tumoral lymphoid (Crohn´s-like lymphoid reaction) and lympho-vascular infiltration with no nodal metastases (pT3N0;7ª edition TNM classification)...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209098/the-predictive-value-of-negative-capsule-endoscopy-for-the-indication-of-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-no-reassurance-in-the-long-term
#2
C Van de Bruaene, P Hindryckx, C Snauwaert, D Dooremont, B Vanduyfhuys, L Vandenabeele, M De Vos, D De Looze
BACKGROUND: Capsule Endoscopy (CE) has become the first-line tool to identify an underlying etiology for Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding (OGIB) in the small bowel (SB). This study aims to investigate the long-term outcome of patients with a negative CE. METHODS: Retrospective review of standardized application forms of all patients who underwent CE for OGIB at the Ghent University Hospital between 2002 and 2013. Follow-up data on patients with a negative CE result (n=263) were collected by contacting the referring physician...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203131/brunner-s-gland-adenoma-a-rare-cause-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-case-report-and-systematic-review
#3
Michele Sorleto, Annette Timmer-Stranghöner, Helge Wuttig, Oliver Engelhard, Carsten Gartung
Brunner's gland adenoma is an extremely rare benign small bowel neoplasm, often discovered incidentally during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or radiological diagnostics. In few cases, it tends to cause gastrointestinal hemorrhage or intestinal obstruction. We report here our experience with a 47-year-old woman with a Brunner's gland adenoma of more than 6 cm in size, located in the first part of the duodenum and causing gastrointestinal bleeding. Initially, we performed a partial endoscopic resection using endoloop and snare alternatively to prevent severe bleeding...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168199/safety-and-efficacy-of-small-bowel-examination-by-capsule-endoscopy-for-patients-before-liver-transplantation
#4
Kawano Seiji, Takaki Akinobu, Iwamuro Masaya, Yasunaka Tetsuya, Kono Yoshiyasu, Miura Kou, Inokuchi Toshihiro, Kawahara Yoshiro, Umeda Yuzo, Yagi Takahito, Okada Hiroyuki
Background and Aims. Gastrointestinal surveillance is a requirement prior to liver transplantation (LT), but small intestine examination is not generally undertaken. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of capsule endoscopy (CE) for patients with end-stage liver disease. Methods. 31 patients who needed LT were enrolled, and 139 patients who underwent CE over the same period of time acted as controls. Results. Frequency of successful achievement of evaluation of the full length of the small bowel, the mean gastric transit time, and the mean small bowel transit time were not significantly different between the two groups...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161731/aspecific-ileitis-crohn-s-disease-or-not-crohn-s-disease-a-prospective-study
#5
Cristina Bezzio, Ilaria Arena, Massimo Devani, Barbara Omazzi, Gianpiero Manes, Simone Saibeni
PURPOSE: It is not clear whether aspecific ileitis may represent an early manifestation or a milder variant of Crohn's disease or not. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of aspecific ileitis. METHODS: Subjects with at least one of the following signs at retrograde ileoscopy: erythema, nodularity, aftae, erosions, and ulcers were considered. They should not have had defined gastrointestinal disease, biochemical signs of inflammation, use of drugs, celiac disease, and intestinal infectious disease...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151907/intraoperative-transillumination-with-water-filling-of-lumen-for-localizing-lesions-in-occult-small-bowel-bleeding-case-report
#6
Xiangheng Kong, Yuning Cao, Daogui Yang, Senlin Li
RATIONALE: Occult small bowel bleeding is always difficult to locate by either radiological examination or endoscopy. When the site of bleeding cannot be found by nonsurgical measures, exploratory laparotomy becomes necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old woman with a half-month history of occult gastrointestinal bleeding failed to many conservative therapies. INTERVENTIONS: Intraoperative transillumination with water-filling of lumen was performed...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134702/single-port-robotic-assisted-sacrocolpopexy-our-experience-with-the-first-25-cases
#7
Emad Matanes, Roy Lauterbach, Susana Mustafa-Mikhail, Amnon Amit, Zeev Wiener, Lior Lowenstein
OBJECTIVES: In single-port surgery, the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point, typically the patient's navel, leaving only a single small scar. The aims of this study were to share some tips and tricks of single-port robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy and to evaluate the learning curve of mastering the skills to operate this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the first 25 single-port; robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy surgeries performed during July to December 2015 at Rambam Health Care Campus by a single surgeon...
January 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133111/-unresectable-stage-iv-sigmoid-colon-cancer-with-extended-resection-for-primary-tumor-a-case-report
#8
Yuta Kimura, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shinobu Tomochika, Yuka Inoue, Hironori Tanaka, Yoshihiro Tokuhisa, Michihisa Iida, Kazuhiko Sakamoto, Shigeru Takeda, Tomio Ueno, Shigeru Yamamoto, Shigefumi Yoshino, Shoichi Hazama, Hiroaki Nagano
A 65-year-old woman who was diagnosed with unresectable Stage IV sigmoid colon cancer underwent transverse colostomy with double orifices. Although KRAS gene mutation was observed, we could not administer bevacizumab because of the risk of bleeding from the primary tumor and peritumoral abscess. We started bi-weekly XELOX therapy but bloody bowel discharge continued. We planned extended resection of the primary tumor in order to control the bleeding and perforation. Sigmoidectomy, partial resection of the left ureter and small intestine, partial hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and umbilical tumor resection were performed and the patient was discharged on the 10th day after surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122316/bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-an-ectopic-pancreas-in-the-small-bowels-about-2-cases
#9
Haydar A Nasser, Youssef A Sleiman, Ziad A Hassoun, Mohamad Elzaatari, Tarek Berjawi, Wajdi Hamdan, Mustafa Allouch
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic pancreas is most commonly found in the jejunum and stomach. Most patients remain asymptomatic, and the diagnosis is usually made at autopsy or incidentally. We report here 2 cases of intestinal occlusion, secondary to an ectopic pancreatic tissue. Both cases were managed successfully by laparoscopy and laparotomy with subsequent segmental intestinal resection. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Case 1 - An elderly patient presented to the ER because of intestinal occlusion...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121494/minimally-invasive-management-of-ectopic-pancreas
#10
Gerardo A Vitiello, Michael J Cavnar, Cristina Hajdu, Inessa Khaykis, Elliot Newman, Marcovalerio Melis, H Leon Pachter, Steven M Cohen
BACKGROUND: The management of ectopic pancreas is not well defined. This study aims to determine the prevalence of symptomatic ectopic pancreas and identify those who may benefit from treatment, with a particular focus on robotically assisted surgical management. METHODS: Our institutional pathology database was queried to identify a cohort of ectopic pancreas specimens. Additional clinical data regarding clinical symptomatology, diagnostic studies, and treatment were obtained through chart review...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110901/-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-delirium-challenges-in-the-diagnosis-of-gallstone-ileus-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Francisco Aguilar-Espinosa, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, Jesús Falfán-Moreno, Gustavo Adolfo Guerrero-Martínez, Facundo Vargas-Solís
BACKGROUND: Gallstone ileus is a non-strangulated mechanical obstruction of the small bowel or colon as a result of the passage of gallstones through a biliary enteric fistula. It is a rare complication of cholelithiasis, affects patients over 65 years, and the disease occurs predominantly in females. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult due to the lack of specific signs and symptoms in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities. CLINICAL CASE: A 93-year-old female presenting with a one-week history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, electrolyte imbalance and community- acquired pneumonia pneumonia...
January 19, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109015/a-single-centre-experience-of-roux-en-y-enteric-drainage-for-pancreas-transplantation
#12
Irum Amin, Andrew J Butler, Gail Defries, Neil K Russell, Simon J F Harper, Asif Jah, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Gavin J Pettigrew, Christopher J E Watson
Exocrine drainage following pancreas transplantation can be achieved by drainage into the bladder or bowel, the latter typically by direct duodeno-jejunostomy; the use of Roux-en-Y enteric drainage is uncommon. We report a retrospective analysis of a single centre experience of Roux-en-Y enteric drainage following pancreas transplantation. Over a 14-year period (2001- 2015), 204 consecutive adult pancreas transplants were performed (96.6% simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants), of which 26.0% were from donors after circulatory death (DCD)...
January 21, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095874/clinicopathological-study-of-9-cases-of-prostate-cancer-involving-the-rectal-wall
#13
Tao Tang, Zhengduo Yang, Dan Zhang, Jie Qu, Guang Liu, Shiwu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer involving the rectal wall is rare and may lead to diagnostic pitfalls. CASE PRESENTATION: Out of 9504 patients with rectal tumors between January 2003 and January 2015, 9 patients (elderly with a mean age of 74 years) with prostate cancer involving the rectal wall were clinically misdiagnosed with rectal cancer. The lesions were located in the rectum, and included 3 circumferential rectal masses, 1 ulceration lesion, 1 crater-like mass, and 4 protruding lesions...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079233/suspected-blood-indicator-in-capsule-endoscopy-a-valuable-tool-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-diagnosis
#14
Pedro Boal Carvalho, Joana Magalhães, Francisca Dias DE Castro, Sara Monteiro, Bruno Rosa, Maria João Moreira, José Cotter
BACKGROUND: Small bowel bleeding is a leading indication for small bowel capsule endoscopy. The Suspected Blood Indicator (SBI) is a software feature directed to automatically detect bleeding lesions during small bowel capsule endoscopy. OBJECTIVE: - We aimed to assess SBI diagnostic accuracy for small bowel haemorrhage or potentially bleeding lesions during small bowel capsule endoscopy for small bowel bleeding. Methods - Single-centre retrospective study including 281 consecutive small bowel capsule endoscopy performed for small bowel bleeding during 6 years...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077608/-holiday-sickness-reported-exploratory-outcome-of-over-500-united-kingdom-holidaymakers-with-travellers-diarrhoea
#15
Prof Aali J Sheen, M Saad B Zahid, Andrew Fagbemi, Catherine Fullwood, Kathryn Whitehead
AIMS: To ascertain any predictors of potential food poisoning pathogens and development of post-infective irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in UK travellers. An analysis was undertaken on prospectively collected data on 527 patients reporting symptoms of suspected food poisoning between June 2012 and June 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Positive stool sample indicative of food poisoning pathogens and diagnosis of post-infective IBS. RESULTS: Data on 527 patients were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076941/double-balloon-endoscopy-in-overt-and-occult-small-bowel-bleeding-results-complications-and-correlation-with-prior-videocapsule-endoscopy-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#16
Carlijn Hermans, Arnold Stronkhorst, Annemarie Tjhie-Wensing, Jan Kamphuis, Bas van Balkom, Rob Dahlmans, Lennard Gilissen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Videocapsule endoscopy (VCE) and double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) allow deep exploration in patients with suspected small bowel pathology. VCE is often performed as an initial small bowel examination to explore whether an intervention by DBE is indicated and to determine insertion route. The study aim was to evaluate the correlation between DBE and VCE in patients with obscure or overt bleeding or anemia, as well as intervention frequency, and complications. METHODS: Retrospective observational study...
January 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069475/retention-associated-with-video-capsule-endoscopy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mona Rezapour, Chidi Amadi, Lauren Gerson
BACKGROUND: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has become a major diagnostic tool for small-bowel evaluation. However, retention of the video capsule endoscope remains a major concern. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of VCE retention rates using Pubmed and SCOPUS (1995-2015). We included studies that enrolled at least 10 subjects, included VCE retention rates, and separated retention rates by indication. We used Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (Version 3.0) to calculate pooled prevalence rates with 95% confidence intervals and assessed heterogeneity using Cochran's Q statistic...
January 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066855/spectrum-of-small-bowel-mucosal-abnormalities-identified-by-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-of-varied-etiology
#18
T S Chandrasekar, Gokul Bollu Janakan, Viveksandeep Thoguluva Chandrasekar, Raja Yogesh Kalamegam, Sathiamoorthy Suriyanarayanan, Prasad Menta Sanjeevaraya
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from small intestinal ectopic varices and persistent anemia caused by portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE) can be very challenging. Capsule endoscopy (CE) is one of the best noninvasive modalities in identifying such lesions. AIM: The aims of this study are to study the prevalence of small-bowel changes related to portal hypertension (PHT) and to correlate them with the observations related to the effects of portal hypertension in the esophagus, stomach, and colon...
January 9, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063287/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-use-of-video-capsule%C3%A2-endoscopy
#19
Robert A Enns, Lawrence Hookey, David Armstrong, Charles N Bernstein, Steven J Heitman, Christopher Teshima, Grigorios I Leontiadis, Frances Tse, Daniel Sadowski
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Video capsule endoscopy (CE) provides a noninvasive option to assess the small intestine, but its use with respect to endoscopic procedures and cross-sectional imaging varies widely. The aim of this consensus was to provide guidance on the appropriate use of CE in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified studies on the use of CE in patients with Crohn's disease, celiac disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anemia...
January 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062878/-an-unusual-finding-of-two-coins-together-in-the-esophagus-of-pediatric-patients-report-of-two-cases
#20
Alexis Ormeño Julca
The ingestion of foreign bodies (EB) is a frequent complaint in the Pediatric Emergency Services. Studies report that in children occurs 80% of the EC, most frequently between 6 months and 3 years old and the second held because of urgent endoscopy in pediatrics. In 80-90% of cases the CE spontaneously passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract, however occasionally staying in the esophagus and should be removed to avoid dangerous complications such as obstruction or perforation of the upper digestive tract bleeding, ulcers, or fistulas...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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