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Post disaster mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755045/building-resilience-after-disasters-through-the-youth-leadership-program-the-importance-of-community-and-academic-partnerships-on-youth-outcomes
#1
Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Tonya Hansel, Beverly Lawrason, Anthony Speier
BACKGROUND: The Youth Leadership Program (YLP) was created as a school community-university partnership after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. The YLP goal was to support youth and improve by engaging them in disaster recovery initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the development of the St. Bernard Parish YLP and evaluate if the program was associated with increasing self-efficacy and decreasing trauma symptoms. Specifically, this study explored how a mental health intervention related to hurricane recovery influenced students' perceived ability to achieve goals, fostering post-disaster self-efficacy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708026/evacuation-of-swedish-survivors-after-the-2004-southeast-asian-tsunami-the-survivors-perspective-and-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress
#2
Ragnhildur Gudmundsdottir, Christina M Hultman, Unnur Valdimarsdottir
AIMS: Following the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami, Swedish authorities received public criticism for slow implementation of rescue work. Meanwhile, data are scarce on survivors' perspectives and potential mental health symptoms associated with timing of evacuation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate survivors' contentment with evacuation time and whether duration at disaster site following the 2004 tsunami was associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and psychological morbidity...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#3
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618266/suicide-rates-in-evacuation-areas-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-disaster
#4
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559022/post-flood-rapid-needs-assessment-in-srinagar-city-jammu-and-kashmir-state-india-september-2014
#5
Rajesh Yadav, Dundaiah Somashekar, Samir V Sodha, Kayla F Laserson, Srinivasa Venkatesh, Himanshu Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Torrential rainfall and flooding from September 2-6, 2014 submerged >350 villages in Jammu and Kashmir state. We conducted rapid needs assessment in capital Srinagar from 27 September to 1 October to assess population health and safety needs. METHODS: Based on Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) methodology, we selected 7 households each from 30 census blocks using 2-stage cluster sampling. We collected information on demographics, needs, and illnesses using structured questionnaire...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559021/social-capital-and-mental-health-in-post-disaster-conflict-contexts-a-systematic-review
#6
Pia Noel, Cliodhna Cork, Ross G White
Social capital (SC) is highlighted as an important factor for post-crisis mental health outcomes. However, the heterogeneous nature of the construct makes it difficult to get a clear picture of the evidence concerning the association between SC indices and mental health. This review examines how SC is conceptualized and measured, and the relationships with other variables in quantitative empirical studies investigating the associations between SC and mental health in post-disaster and post-conflict contexts...
March 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542097/displacement-during-hurricane-sandy-the-impact-on-mental-health
#7
Rebecca M Schwartz, Rehana Rasul, Samantha M Kerath, Alexis R Watson, Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of displacement due to Hurricane Sandy on mental health outcomes among residents of the greater New York City (NYC) area. DESIGN: Prospective, cross sectional. SETTING: NYC area residents, including Queens, Staten Island, and Long Island. PARTICIPANTS: In a 4.25 year period (June 2012 to September 2016), a convenience sample of 1,615 adult residents from the greater NYC area completed validated measures of hurricane exposure (including displacement), perceived stress, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as well as indicators of alcohol, illicit substance, and tobacco use...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535848/long-term-health-of-children-following-the-eyjafjallaj%C3%A3-kull-volcanic-eruption-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Heidrun Hlodversdottir, Harpa Thorsteinsdottir, Edda Bjork Thordardottir, Urdur Njardvik, Gudrun Petursdottir, Arna Hauksdottir
Background : More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children's health beyond the first year are sparse. Objective : To examine the effect of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption on physical and mental health symptoms among exposed children in 2010 and 2013 and to identify potential predictive factors for symptoms. Method : In a population-based prospective cohort study, data was collected on the adult population ( N  = 1615) exposed to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption and a non-exposed group ( N  = 697)...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513918/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-23-years-after-the-1988-spitak-earthquake-in-armenia
#9
Armen K Goenjian, Vahe Khachadourian, Haroutune Armenian, Anahit Demirchyan, Alan M Steinberg
This population-based longitudinal study examined the rates and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 725 differentially exposed survivors of the 1988 Spitak earthquake in Armenia, 23 years after the event. Participants had been previously evaluated in 1991. Evaluations included assessment of current PTSD (based on DSM-5 criteria), and a variety of potential risk and protective factors. For the whole sample, the rate of PTSD attributed to the earthquake decreased from 48.7% in 1991 to 11...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503301/examining-long-term-mental-health-in-a-rural-community-post-disaster-a-mixed-methods-approach
#10
Lucy Annang Ingram, Chiwoneso B Tinago, Bo Cai, Louisiana Wright Sanders, Tina Bevington, Sacoby Wilson, Kathryn M Magruder, Erik Svendsen
Psychological stressors have been observed immediately following disasters, yet less is known about the long-term effects on the mental health of vulnerable communities. In 2005, Graniteville, S.C. was ravaged by a train derailment that leaked approximately 60 tons of chlorine gas and left several people dead in the small community. The purpose of this study was to examine the mental health of Graniteville-area residents in the nine years following the train disaster using a mixed methods approach. Using the photovoice method, participants reported compromised mental health with symptoms consistent with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, fear, and anxiety...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489888/measuring-and-modelling-the-quality-of-40-post-disaster-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-programmes
#11
Michel L A Dückers, Sigridur B Thormar, Barbara Juen, Dean Ajdukovic, Lindy Newlove-Eriksson, Miranda Olff
Disasters can have an enormous impact on the health and well-being of those affected. Internationally, governments and service providers are often challenged to address complex psychosocial problems. Ideally, the potentially broad range of support activities include a coherent, high-quality mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programme. We present a theory-driven quantitative analysis of the quality of 40 MHPSS programmes, mostly implemented in European disaster settings. The objective is to measure quality domains recognized as relevant in the literature and to empirically test associations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475236/a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-study-of-psychological-distress-in-the-danwon-high-school-survivors-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster
#12
Eun Ji Kim, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Unsun Chung, So Hee Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
OBJECTIVE: We monitored a group of students from Danwon High School who survived the Sewol ferry disaster for 27 months to examine the course of their psychological symptoms. METHODS: We performed a chart review at the Danwon High School Mental Health Center at the following time points (T): 9 months (T1), 12 months (T2), and 15 months (T3) after the disaster. Additionally, we performed a follow-up review at 27 months (T4). Subjects completed the 'State' section of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression assessment, the Child Report of Post-traumatic Symptoms, and the Inventory of Complicated Grief...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451829/survivor-notification-of-post-disaster-mental-health-services-an-integrative-review
#13
Joanne C Langan, Mary M Krieger
This integrative review identifies notification methods for psychiatric mental health services for adult survivors of natural disasters for articles published from 2011 through 2016. Databases searched included Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, Ovid MEDLINE, and Ovid PsycINFO. The search was limited to English language. Initially, 273 titles/abstracts were reviewed, and 18 articles were retained for synthesis. Communication occurs through formal means of health care provider referrals and online programs (72%); informal supports are friends, family and clergy (28%)...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425292/the-mental-health-of-sons-and-daughters-of-australian-vietnam-veterans
#14
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420257/psychological-resilience-and-post-traumatic-growth-in-disaster-exposed-organisations-overview-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Samantha Brooks, R Amlôt, G J Rubin, N Greenberg
As disasters become increasingly prevalent, and reported on, a wealth of literature on post-disaster mental health has been published. Most published evidence focuses on symptoms of mental health problems (such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety) and psychosocial factors increasing the risk of such symptoms. However, a recent shift in the literature has moved to exploring resilience and the absence of adverse lasting mental health effects following a disaster. This paper undertakes a qualitative review of the literature to explore factors affecting psychological resilience, as well as the potential positive impact of experiencing a disaster (post-traumatic growth) by examining the literature on employees in disaster-exposed organisations...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384428/telehealth-at-the-us-department-of-veterans-affairs-after-hurricane-sandy
#16
Claudia Der-Martirosian, Anne R Griffin, Karen Chu, Aram Dobalian
Background Like other integrated health systems, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has widely implemented telehealth during the past decade to improve access to care for its patient population. During major crises, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has the potential to transition healthcare delivery from traditional care to telecare. This paper identifies the types of Veterans Affairs telehealth services used during Hurricane Sandy (2012), and examines the patient characteristics of those users. Methods This study conducted both quantitative and qualitative analyses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373614/the-association-of-adverse-mental-health-effects-with-repeated-exposure-to-disasters
#17
Laura M Stough, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: It has been assumed that the mental health effects of repeated trauma should be incrementally greater than simple additive effects of separate trauma. However, repeated disasters afflicting the same population are uncommon. This study investigated psychiatric disorders following differential exposures to repeated disasters. METHODS: Mental health effects of exposure to repeated disasters of 547 individuals exposed to either flooding, tornadoes, dioxin contamination, and/or radioactive well water were assessed...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355729/pre-disaster-ptsd-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-natural-disaster-and-suicidal-ideation-over-time
#18
Lily A Brown, Cristina A Fernandez, Robert Kohn, Sandra Saldivia, Benjamin Vicente
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters are associated with a variety of negative health consequences, including enhanced suicide risk. Factors that moderate the relationship between disaster exposure and enhanced suicide risk are unknown. The aim of the current study was to determine whether pre-disaster PTSD moderates the association between change over time in thoughts of death, suicidal ideation (SI), suicide plans, and suicide attempts (SA) from pre- to post-disaster. METHODS: Participants (n = 2832) were recruited from Chile as part of the larger PREDICT study and completed a measure of lifetime PTSD and panic disorder at baseline and a lifetime death/suicide measure at baseline in 2003 and again 6, 12, and 24 months later (i...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344969/media-experiences-and-associations-with-mental-health-among-the-bereaved-of-the-mh17-disaster-a-latent-profile-analysis
#19
Peter G van der Velden, Erik van der Meulen, Lonneke I M Lenferink, Joris C Yzermans
Research has shown that the amount of media exposure is associated with post-event mental health problems. Whether bereaved individuals have negative experiences with media reports and whether they are associated with post-event mental health is unclear. This study evaluated these experiences and associations following the MH17-disaster. How media reports were experienced (nine topics, modified MAS), depression symptoms (QIDS-SR), functional problems (WSAS) and event-related coping-self-efficacy (CSE) were assessed about one year post-disaster (May-August 2015) among Dutch bereaved (N = 152)...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334877/utilization-of-mental-health-services-by-children-displaced-by-hurricane-katrina
#20
Troy Quast, Sean Gregory, Eric A Storch
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in utilization of mental health services after Hurricane Katrina among children with preexisting conditions who were displaced from their homes in Louisiana disaster counties and resettled in Texas. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on Medicaid claims data for 101,950 children from 2004 to 2006. Pre-post changes in utilization of mental health services by the displaced children and three control groups were compared...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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