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Post disaster mental health

Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
September 13, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Naho Tsuchiya, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Akira Narita, Mana Kogure, Jun Aida, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
AIM: Social capital has been considered an important factor to affect mental-health outcomes such as psychological distress in post-disaster settings. Although disaster-related house-condition and displacement could affect both social capital and psychological distress, limited studies have investigated interactions. This study aimed to examine the association between social capital and psychological distress taking into consideration the interaction of disaster-related house-condition after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011...
October 15, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Donna Gillies, Licia Maiocchi, Abhishta P Bhandari, Fiona Taylor, Carl Gray, Louise O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes, all of which are associated with high personal and health costs. A wide range of psychological treatments are used to prevent negative outcomes associated with trauma in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sarah R Lowe, Richard K Kwok, Julianne Payne, Lawrence S Engel, Sandro Galea, Dale P Sandler
Disaster recovery work increases risk for mental health problems, yet the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. We explored links from recovery work to post-traumatic stress (PTS), major depression (MD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms through physical health symptoms and household income in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. As part of the NIEHS GuLF STUDY, participants (N = 10,141) reported on cleanup work activities, spill-related physical health symptoms, and household income at baseline, and mental health symptoms an average of 14...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Sue Anne Bell, Lisa A Folkerth
: Introduction Survivors of natural disasters in the United States experience significant health ramifications. Women particularly are vulnerable to both post-disaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and research has documented that these psychopathological sequelae often are correlated with increased incidence of intimate partner violence (IPV). Understanding the link between these health concerns is crucial to informing adequate disaster response and relief efforts for victims of natural disaster...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Ariel Yankellevich, Yehuda C Goodman
Following the growing critique of the use of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in post-disaster interventions, a new type of intervention aimed at building resilience in the face of traumatic events has been making its first steps in the social field. Drawing on fieldwork of a resilience-building program for pre-clinical populations in Israel, we analyze the paradoxes and ambiguities entailed in three inter-related aspects of this therapeutic project: The proposed clinical ideology aimed at immunizing against traumas; the discursive and non-discursive practices used by the mental-health professionals; and, participants' difficulties to inhabit the new resilient subject...
September 8, 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Doris W Campbell, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Hossein N Yarandi, Annie Lewis O'Connor, Emily Dollar, Cheryl Killion, Elizabeth Sloand, Gloria B Callwood, Nicole M Cesar, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary
OBJECTIVES: Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake. METHODS: A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Daniel Hogg, Simon Kingham, Thomas M Wilson, Michael Ardagh
This study investigates the effects of disruptions to different community environments, community resilience and cumulated felt earthquake intensities on yearly mood and anxiety symptom treatments from the New Zealand Ministry of Health's administrative databases between September 2009 and August 2012. The sample includes 172,284 long-term residents from different Christchurch communities. Living in a better physical environment was associated with lower mood and anxiety treatment rates after the beginning of the Canterbury earthquake sequence whereas an inverse effect could be found for social community environment and community resilience...
September 2016: Health & Place
Lisa M Gargano, Angela Nguyen, Laura DiGrande, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Studies of individuals directly exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 have found increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and binge drinking (BD). No long-term studies have been conducted on one highly exposed group, WTC tower evacuees. METHODS: The study sample included 7,695 adult civilians in the WTC Health Registry. Logistic regression was used to examine the odds of PTSD and BD in 1,946 towers evacuees compared to 5,749 others in nearby buildings or on the street...
September 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
E J Bromet, L Atwoli, N Kawakami, F Navarro-Mateu, P Piotrowski, A J King, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, B Bunting, K Demyttenaere, S Florescu, G de Girolamo, S Gluzman, J M Haro, P de Jonge, E G Karam, S Lee, V Kovess-Masfety, M E Medina-Mora, Z Mneimneh, B-E Pennell, J Posada-Villa, D Salmerón, T Takeshima, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following natural and human-made disasters has been undertaken for more than three decades. Although PTSD prevalence estimates vary widely, most are in the 20-40% range in disaster-focused studies but considerably lower (3-5%) in the few general population epidemiological surveys that evaluated disaster-related PTSD as part of a broader clinical assessment. The World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys provide an opportunity to examine disaster-related PTSD in representative general population surveys across a much wider range of sites than in previous studies...
August 30, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Y Tanisho, J Shigemura, K Kubota, T Tanigawa, E J Bromet, S Takahashi, Y Matsuoka, D Nishi, M Nagamine, N Harada, M Tanichi, Y Takahashi, K Shimizu, S Nomura, A Yoshino
BACKGROUND: The Fukushima Daiichi and Daini Nuclear Power Plant workers experienced multiple stressors as both victims and onsite workers after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear accidents. Previous studies found that disaster-related exposures, including discrimination/slurs, were associated with their mental health. Their long-term impact has yet to be investigated. METHOD: A total of 968 plant workers (Daiichi, n = 571; Daini, n = 397) completed self-written questionnaires 2-3 months (time 1) and 14-15 months (time 2) after the disaster (response rate 55...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Kunmi Sobowale, John Torous
Disaster mental health is recognized as a crucial part of disaster preparedness and response. Despite the commonality of disasters in Asia, many countries face formidable barriers to a rapid and robust mental health care response. Mobile technologies can alleviate the immediate suffering and reduce onset of chronic conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This article explores the role of mobile technologies to improve mental health before, during, and after disasters in Asia.
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Mi-Kyung Yoon, Soon-Young Kim, Hye-Sun Ko, Myung-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Korea has experienced diverse kind of disasters these days. Among them the 2015 middle eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak imposed great psychological stress on almost all Korean citizens. Following the MERS outbreak, government is reviewing overall infectious disease management system and prioritizing the establishment of mental health service systems for infectious disease. This study makes suggestions for implementing disaster-related mental health service systems by analyzing the example of Gyeonggi Province, which proactively intervened with residents' psychological problems caused by the large-scale outbreak of an infectious disease...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Liu Dongling, Chen Hui, Ma Ling, Bie Wenqian, Liu Zailiang, Chen Changying
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and to explore the predictive factors of PTSD symptoms among bereaved adolescents 4 years after the Yushu earthquake. BACKGROUND: On April 14, 2010, the 7.1-magnitude Yushu earthquake occurred in the high-altitude, hypoxia-prone regions primarily inhabited by ethnic minorities. Many adolescents lost their parent(s) during the earthquake. This study examined PTSD and its predictors among bereaved Tibetan adolescents 4 years after the trauma in China...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Amie Alley Pollack, Bahr Weiss, Lam Tu Trung
BACKGROUND: People living in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are at increased risk for exposure to major natural disasters, which places them at increased risk for mental health problems. Evidence is less clear, however, regarding the effects of less severe but more frequent natural disasters, which are likely to increase due to global climate change. AIMS: To examine the mental health and life functioning, and their predictors, of people living in central coastal Vietnam, an area characterized by high risk for natural disasters and poverty...
June 2016: BJPsych Open
Stephen M Friedman, Mark R Farfel, Carey Maslow, Hannah T Jordan, Jiehui Li, Howard Alper, James E Cone, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of persistent lower respiratory symptoms (LRS) among rescue/recovery workers, local area workers, residents and passers-by in the World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR) was analysed to identify associated factors and to measure its effect on quality of life (QoL) 10 years after 9/11/2001. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 18 913 adults who completed 3 WTCHR surveys (2003-2004 (Wave 1 (W1)), 2006-2007 (Wave 2 (W2)) and 2011-2012 (Wave 3 (W3))...
October 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Z Wang, J Xu
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Since the promulgation of the one-child policy in 1979, most families have had only one child. Shidu parents, as a special group of Sichuan 2008 earthquake victims, are parents who lost their only child in the earthquake. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADDED TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Shidu parents are an especially vulnerable group in China. This study was the first systematic population-based investigation to explore quality of life (QOL) risk factors and to examine the moderating role of social support between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and QOL in Shidu parents...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mayu Uemura, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Otsuru, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Naoko Horikoshi, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Hideto Takahashi, Masato Nagai, Hironori Nakano, Wen Zhang, Mayumi Hirosaki, Masafumi Abe
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is generally associated with poor dietary intake, but this has never been investigated among residents after a major disaster. We attempted to reveal the associations between dietary intake and non-specific mental health distress as well as traumatic symptoms among evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis of 63 047 evacuees (27 901 men, 35 146 women) who responded to The Fukushima Health Management Survey in 2012, non-specific mental health distress was assessed using the Kessler-6 (K6) scale, while traumatic symptoms were evaluated using the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist-Stressor-Specific Version (PCL-S)...
2016: BMJ Open
Zhewu Wang, M Rita I Young
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with an inflammatory state. However, few studies have addressed the mechanisms underlying this immune imbalance that favors inflammation or how this imbalance contributes to PTSD. Whether the immune imbalance influences responsiveness or unresponsiveness of patients to PTSD treatments is currently not known. This review brings forward an immune emphasis to a mental health disorder that is unprecedented in its prevalence among combat Veterans of the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan and which also afflicts civilians who have undergone extreme traumatic experiences, such as following natural disasters, serious accidents, or assaults...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Hiroaki Homma, Hirofumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Makiko Okuyama
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its association with each traumatic experience among 5- to 8-year-old children 2 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHOD: Children ages 5-8 years who were in selected preschool classes on March 11, 2011, in 3 prefectures affected by the earthquake and 1 prefecture that was unaffected, participated in the study (N=280). PTSD symptoms were assessed through questionnaires completed by caregivers and interviews by psychiatrists or psychologists conducted between September 2012 and May 2013 (ie, 1...
July 1, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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