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Post disaster mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#1
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059933/mental-health-problems-in-a-community-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-in-2011-a-systematic-review
#2
Shuntaro Ando, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Tsuyoshi Araki, Akiko Kanehara, Shintaro Tanaka, Ryo Morishima, Shinsuke Kondo, Kiyoto Kasai
INTRODUCTION: On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake caused a tsunami and led to the collapse of the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, thus severely damaging the surrounding area. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 with the following objectives: (1) to clarify the type, severity, and prevalence of mental health problems in the areas affected by the disaster, (2) to investigate trends in mental health problems over time, (3) to reveal demographic and socio-environmental characteristics associated with the post-disaster risk for developing mental health problems, and (4) to examine the impact of this natural disaster on the mental health of people in Fukushima...
January 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000636/a-review-of-the-health-problems-of-the-internally-displaced-persons-in-africa
#3
REVIEW
Eme T Owoaje, Obioma C Uchendu, Tumininu O Ajayi, Eniola O Cadmus
Globally, over 40 million people were displaced as a result of wars and violence due to religious and ethnic conflicts in 2015 while 19.2 million were displaced by natural disasters such as famine and floods. In Africa, 12 million people were displaced by armed conflict and violence and there were hundreds of thousands of people displaced by natural disasters. Despite these large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Sub-Saharan African countries and the potentially negative impact of displacement on the health of these populations, there is limited information on the health problems of IDPs in the region...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995840/storm-impact-and-depression-among-older-adults-living-in-hurricane-sandy-affected-areas
#4
Jo Anne Sirey, Jacquelin Berman, Ashley Halkett, Nancy Giunta, Janice Kerrigan, Elmira Raeifar, Amanda Artis, Samprit Banerjee, Patrick J Raue
OBJECTIVE: Research on the impact of natural disasters on the mental health of older adults finds both vulnerabilities and resilience. We report on the rates of clinically significant depression among older adults (aged ≥60 years) living in areas affected by Hurricane Sandy in 2012 and the factors associated with mental health need. METHODS: The Sandy Mobilization, Assessment, Referral and Treatment for Mental Health (SMART-MH) program integrates community outreach and needs assessments to identify older adults with mental health and aging service needs...
December 20, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969078/sex-differentials-in-the-risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-tsunami-survivors-in-tamil-nadu-india
#5
Pyari T T, Sundari Ravindran T K
This study assessed if pre disaster, with-in disaster and post disaster factors predicted Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) differently, among men and women survivors of the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India. PTSD was identified using a validated tool, Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) among the participants in a cross-sectional community based survey (n=485). Case control analysis of 299 subjects was done to determine the predictors of PTSD. The odds of having PTSD were 6...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960534/ptsd-symptoms-among-tsunami-exposed-mothers-in-sri-lanka-the-role-of-disaster-exposure-culturally-specific-coping-strategies-and-recovery-efforts
#6
Thulitha Wickrama, K A S Wickrama, Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women in Sri Lanka have been uniquely exposed to a complex and protracted set of stressors stemming from a civil war conflict spanning over 25 years and the tsunami which struck Southeast Asia in 2004. This study investigates coping strategies and their association with trauma-related symptoms of tsunami-exposed mothers in Sri Lanka at two time points. DESIGN: Data for this study come from surveys administered in two waves of data collection to investigate both mothers' and adolescent children's post-tsunami mental health in early 2005, three months after the tsunami struck, and again in 2008, three years later...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825328/predictors-of-recovery-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-after-the-dongting-lake-flood-in-china-a-13-14-year-follow-up-study
#7
Wenjie Dai, Jieru Wang, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Long Chen, Hongzhuan Tan, Zhiwei Lai, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Floods are some of the most common and destructive natural disasters in the world, potentially leading to both physical injuries and psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD can damage functional capacity and interfere with social functioning. However, little is known about recovery from PTSD after floods. This study used 2013-2014 follow-up data on survivors of the 1998 Dongting Lake flood who were diagnosed with PTSD in 2000 to measure the prevalence rate of PTSD at follow-up and identify predictors of recovery from the PTSD diagnosis in 2000...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781568/delivering-solid-treatments-on-shaky-ground-feasibility-study-of-an-online-therapy-for-child-anxiety-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#8
K Stasiak, S N Merry, C Frampton, S Moor
OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for children and adolescents with anxiety in the aftermath of a natural disaster. METHOD: 42 children and adolescents with clinical anxiety referred from primary care were invited to complete an internet CBT program (BRAVE-ONLINE). Outcome measures and assessment timelines were chosen to allow a comparison of the results with the program developers' randomised controlled trials. RESULTS: At 6-month post intervention, more than half (55%) of the 33 participants assessed, no longer met criteria for their primary anxiety disorder...
October 26, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744270/mental-health-problems-among-children-and-adolescents-experiencing-two-major-earthquakes-in-remote-mountainous-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743428/impact-of-social-capital-on-psychological-distress-and-interaction-with-house-destruction-and-displacement-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-of-2011
#10
Naho Tsuchiya, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Akira Narita, Mana Kogure, Jun Aida, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
AIM: Social capital has been considered an important factor affecting mental-health outcomes, such as psychological distress in post-disaster settings. Although disaster-related house condition and displacement could affect both social capital and psychological distress, limited studies have investigated interactions. This study aimed to examine the association between social capital and psychological distress, taking into consideration the interaction of disaster-related house condition after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011...
October 15, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726123/psychological-therapies-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, Licia Maiocchi, Abhishta P Bhandari, Fiona Taylor, Carl Gray, Louise O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes, all of which are associated with high personal and health costs. A wide range of psychological treatments are used to prevent negative outcomes associated with trauma in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704561/why-does-disaster-recovery-work-influence-mental-health-pathways-through-physical-health-and-household-income
#12
Sarah R Lowe, Richard K Kwok, Julianne Payne, Lawrence S Engel, Sandro Galea, Dale P Sandler
Disaster recovery work increases risk for mental health problems, yet the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. We explored links from recovery work to post-traumatic stress (PTS), major depression (MD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms through physical health symptoms and household income in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. As part of the NIEHS GuLF STUDY, participants (N = 10,141) reported on cleanup work activities, spill-related physical health symptoms, and household income at baseline, and mental health symptoms an average of 14...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641740/women-s-mental-health-and-intimate-partner-violence-following-natural-disaster-a-scoping-review
#13
Sue Anne Bell, Lisa A Folkerth
: Introduction Survivors of natural disasters in the United States experience significant health ramifications. Women particularly are vulnerable to both post-disaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and research has documented that these psychopathological sequelae often are correlated with increased incidence of intimate partner violence (IPV). Understanding the link between these health concerns is crucial to informing adequate disaster response and relief efforts for victims of natural disaster...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631306/-you-can-t-choose-these-emotions%C3%A2-they-simply-jump-up-ambiguities-in-resilience-building-interventions-in-israel
#14
Ariel Yankellevich, Yehuda C Goodman
Following the growing critique of the use of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in post-disaster interventions, a new type of intervention aimed at building resilience in the face of traumatic events has been making its first steps in the social field. Drawing on fieldwork of a resilience-building program for pre-clinical populations in Israel, we analyze the paradoxes and ambiguities entailed in three inter-related aspects of this therapeutic project: The proposed clinical ideology aimed at immunizing against traumas; the discursive and non-discursive practices used by the mental-health professionals; and, participants' difficulties to inhabit the new resilient subject...
September 8, 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624625/violence-and-abuse-of-internally-displaced-women-survivors-of-the-2010-haiti-earthquake
#15
Doris W Campbell, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Hossein N Yarandi, Annie Lewis O'Connor, Emily Dollar, Cheryl Killion, Elizabeth Sloand, Gloria B Callwood, Nicole M Cesar, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary
OBJECTIVES: Limited research following disasters suggests that internally displaced women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence and abuse. An interdisciplinary collaborative of researchers and practitioners in Haiti, the US Virgin Islands, and the US Mainland investigated gender-based violence (GBV) pre- and post-earthquake and health outcomes among Haitian women living in tent cities/camps following the 2010 earthquake. METHODS: A comparative descriptive correlational design using culturally sensitive and language appropriate computer-assisted interviews of 208 internally displaced women 2011-2013...
November 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583524/the-effects-of-spatially-varying-earthquake-impacts-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptom-treatments-among-long-term-christchurch-residents-following-the-2010-11-canterbury-earthquakes-new-zealand
#16
Daniel Hogg, Simon Kingham, Thomas M Wilson, Michael Ardagh
This study investigates the effects of disruptions to different community environments, community resilience and cumulated felt earthquake intensities on yearly mood and anxiety symptom treatments from the New Zealand Ministry of Health's administrative databases between September 2009 and August 2012. The sample includes 172,284 long-term residents from different Christchurch communities. Living in a better physical environment was associated with lower mood and anxiety treatment rates after the beginning of the Canterbury earthquake sequence whereas an inverse effect could be found for social community environment and community resilience...
September 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582476/mental-health-status-of-world-trade-center-tower-survivors-compared-to-other-survivors-a-decade-after-the-september-11-2001-terrorist-attacks
#17
Lisa M Gargano, Angela Nguyen, Laura DiGrande, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Studies of individuals directly exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 have found increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and binge drinking (BD). No long-term studies have been conducted on one highly exposed group, WTC tower evacuees. METHODS: The study sample included 7,695 adult civilians in the WTC Health Registry. Logistic regression was used to examine the odds of PTSD and BD in 1,946 towers evacuees compared to 5,749 others in nearby buildings or on the street...
September 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573281/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-associated-with-natural-and-human-made-disasters-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#18
E J Bromet, L Atwoli, N Kawakami, F Navarro-Mateu, P Piotrowski, A J King, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, B Bunting, K Demyttenaere, S Florescu, G de Girolamo, S Gluzman, J M Haro, P de Jonge, E G Karam, S Lee, V Kovess-Masfety, M E Medina-Mora, Z Mneimneh, B-E Pennell, J Posada-Villa, D Salmerón, T Takeshima, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following natural and human-made disasters has been undertaken for more than three decades. Although PTSD prevalence estimates vary widely, most are in the 20-40% range in disaster-focused studies but considerably lower (3-5%) in the few general population epidemiological surveys that evaluated disaster-related PTSD as part of a broader clinical assessment. The World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys provide an opportunity to examine disaster-related PTSD in representative general population surveys across a much wider range of sites than in previous studies...
January 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534897/the-longitudinal-mental-health-impact-of-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-exposures-and-public-criticism-among-power-plant-workers-the-fukushima-news-project-study
#19
Y Tanisho, J Shigemura, K Kubota, T Tanigawa, E J Bromet, S Takahashi, Y Matsuoka, D Nishi, M Nagamine, N Harada, M Tanichi, Y Takahashi, K Shimizu, S Nomura, A Yoshino
BACKGROUND: The Fukushima Daiichi and Daini Nuclear Power Plant workers experienced multiple stressors as both victims and onsite workers after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear accidents. Previous studies found that disaster-related exposures, including discrimination/slurs, were associated with their mental health. Their long-term impact has yet to be investigated. METHOD: A total of 968 plant workers (Daiichi, n = 571; Daini, n = 397) completed self-written questionnaires 2-3 months (time 1) and 14-15 months (time 2) after the disaster (response rate 55...
November 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520886/disaster-psychiatry-in-asia-the-potential-of-smartphones-mobile-and-connected-technologies
#20
Kunmi Sobowale, John Torous
Disaster mental health is recognized as a crucial part of disaster preparedness and response. Despite the commonality of disasters in Asia, many countries face formidable barriers to a rapid and robust mental health care response. Mobile technologies can alleviate the immediate suffering and reduce onset of chronic conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This article explores the role of mobile technologies to improve mental health before, during, and after disasters in Asia.
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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