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Global conflict and recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080270/warming-induced-upward-migration-of-the-alpine-treeline-in-the-changbai-mountains-northeast-china
#1
Haibo Du, Jie Liu, Mai-He Li, Ulf Büntgen, Yue Yang, Lei Wang, Zhengfang Wu, Hong S He
Treeline responses to environmental changes describe an important phenomenon in global change research. Often conflicting results and generally too short observations are, however, still challenging our understanding of climate-induced treeline dynamics. Here, we use a state-of-the-art dendroecological approach to reconstruct long-term changes in the position of the alpine treeline in relation to air temperature at two sides in the Changbai Mountains in northeast China. Over the past 160 years, the treeline increased by around 80 m, a process that can be divided into three phases of different rates and drives...
October 28, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960808/development-of-a-course-on-complex-humanitarian-emergencies-preparation-for-the-impact-of-climate-change
#2
Holly Williams, Elizabeth Downes
PURPOSE: The effects of climate change are far-reaching and multifactorial, with potential impacts on food security and conflict. Large population movements, whether from the aftermath of natural disasters or resulting from conflict, can precipitate the need for humanitarian response in what can become complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs). Nurses need to be prepared to respond to affected communities in need, whether the emergency is domestic or global. The purpose of the article is to describe a novel course for nursing students interested in practice within the confines of CHEs and natural disasters...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753814/functional-comparison-of-renal-tumor-enucleation-versus-standard-partial-nephrectomy
#3
Wen Dong, Gopal N Gupta, Robert H Blackwell, Jitao Wu, Chalairat Suk-Ouichai, Arpeet Shah, Sarah E Capodice, Marcus L Quek, Elvis Caraballo Antonio, Diego Aguilar Palacios, Erick M Remer, Jianbo Li, Joseph Zabell, Sudhir Isharwal, Steven C Campbell
BACKGROUND: Tumor enucleation (TE) optimizes parenchymal preservation and could yield better function than standard partial nephrectomy (SPN), although data on this are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To compare functional outcomes for TE and SPN strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients managed with partial nephrectomy (PN) with necessary data for analysis of preservation of ipsilateral parenchymal mass (IPM) and global glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from two centers were included...
June 16, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655202/small-rna-activity-in-archeological-barley-shows-novel-germination-inhibition-in-response-to-environment
#4
Oliver Smith, Sarah A Palmer, Alan J Clapham, Pamela Rose, Yuan Liu, Jun Wang, Robin G Allaby
The recovery of ancient RNA from archeological material could enable the direct study of microevolutionary processes. Small RNAs are a rich source of information because their small size is compatible with biomolecular preservation, and their roles in gene regulation make them likely foci of evolutionary change. We present here the small RNA fraction from a sample of archeological barley generated using high-throughput sequencing that has previously been associated with localized adaptation to drought. Its microRNA profile is broadly similar to 19 globally distributed modern barley samples with the exception of three microRNAs (miRNA159, miRNA319, and miR396), all of which are known to have variable expression under stress conditions...
October 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511807/does-the-novel-lateral-trauma-position-cause-more-motion-in-an-unstable-cervical-spine-injury-than-the-logroll-maneuver
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Per Kristian Hyldmo, MaryBeth Horodyski, Bryan P Conrad, Sindre Aslaksen, Jo Røislien, Mark Prasarn, Glenn R Rechtine, Eldar Søreide
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital personnel who lack advanced airway management training must rely on basic techniques when transporting unconscious trauma patients. The supine position is associated with a loss of airway patency when compared to lateral recumbent positions. Thus, an inherent conflict exists between securing an open airway using the recovery position and maintaining spinal immobilization in the supine position. The lateral trauma position is a novel technique that aims to combine airway management with spinal precautions...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151557/seabird-mortality-induced-by-land-based-artificial-lights
#6
REVIEW
Airam Rodríguez, Nick D Holmes, Peter G Ryan, Kerry-Jayne Wilson, Lucie Faulquier, Yovana Murillo, André F Raine, Jay F Penniman, Verónica Neves, Beneharo Rodríguez, Juan J Negro, André Chiaradia, Peter Dann, Tracy Anderson, Benjamin Metzger, Masaki Shirai, Lorna Deppe, Jennifer Wheeler, Peter Hodum, Catia Gouveia, Vanda Carmo, Gilberto P Carreira, Luis Delgado-Alburqueque, Carlos Guerra-Correa, François-Xavier Couzi, Marc Travers, Matthieu Le Corre
Artificial lights at night cause high mortality of seabirds, one of the most endangered groups of birds globally. Fledglings of burrow-nesting seabirds, and to a lesser extent adults, are attracted to and then grounded (i.e., forced to land) by lights when they fly at night. We reviewed the current state of knowledge of seabird attraction to light to identify information gaps and propose measures to address the problem. Although species in families such as Alcidae and Anatidae can be grounded by artificial light, the most affected seabirds are petrels and shearwaters (Procellariiformes)...
October 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138736/the-intensive-care-medicine-agenda-on-acute-kidney-injury
#7
REVIEW
Peter Pickkers, Marlies Ostermann, Michael Joannidis, Alexander Zarbock, Eric Hoste, Rinaldo Bellomo, John Prowle, Michael Darmon, Joseph V Bonventre, Lui Forni, Sean M Bagshaw, Miet Schetz
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in the critically ill. Current standard of care mainly relies on identification of patients at risk, haemodynamic optimization, avoidance of nephrotoxicity and the use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in established AKI. The detection of early biomarkers of renal tissue damage is a recent development that allows amending the late and insensitive diagnosis with current AKI criteria. Increasing evidence suggests that the consequences of an episode of AKI extend long beyond the acute hospitalization...
January 30, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064522/the-impact-of-humanitarian-emergencies-on-the-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-an-evidence-based-ecological-framework
#8
Beth L Rubenstein, Lindsay Stark
Little is known about the patterns and mechanisms by which humanitarian emergencies may exacerbate violence against children. In this article, we propose using the ecological framework to examine the impact of humanitarian emergencies on interpersonal violence against children. We consider the literature that supports this framework and suggest future directions for research to fill identified gaps in the framework. The relationship between humanitarian emergencies and violence against children depends on risk factors at multiple levels, including a breakdown of child protection systems, displacement, threats to livelihoods, changing gender roles, changing household composition, overcrowded living conditions, early marriage, exposure to conflict or other emergency events, and alcohol abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746342/the-temporal-spatial-dynamics-of-feature-maps-during-monocular-deprivation-revealed-by-chronic-imaging-and-self-organization-model-simulation
#9
Lei Tong, Yang Xie, Hongbo Yu
Experiments on the adult visual cortex of cats, ferrets and monkeys have revealed organized spatial relationships between multiple feature maps which can also be reproduced by the Kohonen and elastic net self-organization models. However, attempts to apply these models to simulate the temporal kinetics of monocular deprivation (MD) during the critical period, and their effects on the spatial arrangement of feature maps, have led to conflicting results. In this study, we performed MD and chronic imaging in the ferret visual cortex during the critical period of ocular dominance (OD) plasticity...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608528/factors-predicting-health-status-and-recovery-of-hand-function-after-hand-burns-in-the-second-year-after-hospital-discharge
#10
Amber Knight, Jason Wasiak, Jacqueline Salway, Lisa O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: Hands are the most commonly burnt body part given humans' innate response to guard their face from injury, and are known to have detrimental functional and psychological consequences. Conflicting evidence exists regarding the impact of hand burns on long-term health status and global functioning. The objective of this study was to identify patient and clinical characteristics that predict health status and hand function of people at 12-24 months after hand burn. METHODS: The Burns Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B) and the Brief Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (Brief MHQ) were administered to community-dwelling adults who were between one and two years after admission to a statewide burns service for burns including one or both hands...
February 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604708/charting-health-system-reconstruction-in-post-war-liberia-a-comparison-of-rural-vs-remote-healthcare-utilization
#11
Katherine Kentoffio, John D Kraemer, Thomas Griffiths, Avi Kenny, Rajesh Panjabi, G Andrew Sechler, Stephen Selinsky, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing global emphasis on universal healthcare, access to basic primary care for remote populations in post-conflict countries remains a challenge. To better understand health sector recovery in post-conflict Liberia, this paper seeks to evaluate changes in utilization of health services among rural populations across a 5-year time span. METHODS: We assessed trends in healthcare utilization among the national rural population using the Liberian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) from 2007 and 2013...
September 7, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506422/microbial-biotechnology-2020-microbiology-of-fossil-fuel-resources
#12
REVIEW
Ian M Head, Neil D Gray
This roadmap examines the future of microbiology research and technology in fossil fuel energy recovery. Globally, the human population will be reliant on fossil fuels for energy and chemical feedstocks for at least the medium term. Microbiology is already important in many areas relevant to both upstream and downstream activities in the oil industry. However, the discipline has struggled for recognition in a world dominated by geophysicists and engineers despite widely known but still poorly understood microbially mediated processes e...
September 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449318/from-collision-to-collaboration-integrating-informal-recyclers-and-re-use-operators-in-europe-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Anne Scheinberg, Jelena Nesić, Rachel Savain, Pietro Luppi, Portia Sinnott, Flaviu Petean, Flaviu Pop
The European Union hosts some of the world's most developed waste management systems and an ambitious policy commitment to the circular economy. The existence of informal recycling and re-use activities in Europe has been vigorously denied until quite recently, and remains a very challenging subject for the European solid waste management sector, as well as for European government and private institutions. In countries ranging from Malta to Macedonia and from France to Turkey, informal recyclers excluded from legal recycling niches increasingly collide with formalised and controlled European Union approaches to urban waste management, packaging recovery schemes, formal re-use enterprises, and extended producer responsibility systems...
September 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26144587/impaired-conflict-resolution-and-vigilance-in-euthymic-bipolar-disorder
#14
Andrea Marotta, Roberto Delle Chiaie, Alfredo Spagna, Laura Bernabei, Martina Sciarretta, Javier Roca, Massimo Biondi, Maria Casagrande
Difficulty attending is a common deficit of euthymic bipolar patients. However, it is not known whether this is a global attentional deficit or relates to a specific attentional network. According to the attention network approach, attention is best understood in terms of three functionally and neuroanatomically distinct networks-alerting, orienting, and executive control. In this study, we explored whether and which of the three attentional networks are altered in euthymic Bipolar Disorder (BD). A sample of euthymic BD patients and age-matched healthy controls completed the Attention Network Test for Interactions and Vigilance (ANTI-V) that provided not only a measure of orienting, executive, and alerting networks, but also an independent measure of vigilance (tonic alerting)...
September 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26037024/quality-of-life-and-late-complications-after-minimally-invasive-compared-to-open-esophagectomy-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K W Maas, M A Cuesta, M I van Berge Henegouwen, J Roig, L Bonavina, C Rosman, S S Gisbertz, S S A Y Biere, D L van der Peet, J H Klinkenbijl, M W Hollmann, E S de Lange, H J Bonjer
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is widely being implemented for esophageal cancer in order to reduce morbidity and improve quality of life. Non-randomized studies investigating the mid-term quality of life after MIE show conflicting results at 1-year follow-up. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine whether MIE has a continuing better mid-term 1-year quality of life than open esophagectomy (OE) indicating both a faster recovery and less procedure-related symptoms...
August 2015: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25558710/-the-prevention-of-food-wastage-by-restoring-the-value-to-food-reflections-of-an-agroeconomist
#16
Andrea Segré
Each year, about one trillion USD worth of food sales is lost or wasted. In addition to its economic impacts, food wastage has significant societal costs that are born indirectly by taxpayers. Should damage costs associated with food wastage be accounted for, this global wastage appears much higher. In fact, the monetization of environmental costs such as the impact of greenhouse gases, land erosion, water use and pollinators loss amnounts to another trillion USD. Furthermore, a valuation of social costs, such as health effects of pesticides, loss of livelihoods and conflicts over natural resources adds another trillion USD...
October 2014: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25310167/-caring-for-the-families-of-terminally-ill-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Márcio Soares
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caring for the families is one of the major tasks of the global care of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). In the context of a terminally ill patient or a patient in whom the recovery from the acute illness is unlikely, dealing with and caring for their family members becomes even more important as the patient will not be awake in most of situations. Family members have specific needs and present with high incidence of symptoms of stress, depression, anxiety and related disorders during the ICU of their beloved one, which can even persist late after the patient's death...
December 2007: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25021733/pth-046%C3%A2-benchmarking-endoscopy-services-in-iraq-results-of-a-national-survey
#18
N Hawkes, L Al-Rubaiy, B Hawkes, M Aziz
INTRODUCTION: In the UK the Global Rating Scale (GRS) has been adopted as QA tool to improve the standards of endoscopic practice and of the patient experience. Endoscopy in Iraq is provided by a number of training and regional centres but without the level of integration seen in the NHS. We sought to benchmark practice against UK quality standards by surveying the main training centres and service providers of endoscopy in Iraq. METHODS: A Survey Monkey questionnaire with 40 questions relating to local endoscopic practice and based on defined areas of the GRS was sent to departmental leads in all regional centres in Iraq performing GI endoscopy by the President of the Iraqi Medical Society International...
June 2014: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24748271/results-of-surgical-treatment-of-calcaneus-insertional-tendinopathy-in-middle-and-long-distance-runners
#19
R Rousseau, A Gerometta, S Fogerty, E Rolland, Y Catonné, F Khiami
PURPOSE: Calcaneus insertional tendinopathy in runners is common and involves important therapeutic controversies. The object of this study was to determine the delay and level of return to sport after insertional surgery in runners, with and without tendon damage. METHODS: Eighteen runners underwent surgery for insertional calcaneus tendinopathy. Nine required an exostosectomy/bursectomy, and nine others required a tendon reinsertion/autograft. All patients were clinically assessed pre- and post-operatively with AOFAS scores and post-operatively with ATRS...
September 2015: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24582676/salivary-nerve-growth-factor-response-to-stress-related-to-resilience
#20
Heidemarie K Laurent, Sean M Laurent, Douglas A Granger
Salivary nerve growth factor (sNGF) has recently been shown to respond to psychosocial stress, but little is known about how individual differences in this neurotrophic marker relate to stress vulnerability vs. resilience. This study followed up on these initial findings by examining sNGF responses to interpersonal stress in relation to both well-being and state/trait factors that determine the way a person approaches and is impacted by stress. Young adults (n=40) gave 5 saliva samples over the course of a laboratory session that involved an interpersonal conflict stressor, and all samples were assayed for sNGF...
April 22, 2014: Physiology & Behavior
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