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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906923/-out-of-the-frying-pan-but-not-into-the-fire-quantifying-commercial-cosmetic-tanning-services-in-new-zealand-to-inform-endgame-regulation
#1
Bronwen M McNoe, Anthony I Reeder
AIMS: In the context of possible regulation, to quantify and describe: (1) indoor tanning businesses in New Zealand; (2) sunbeds available for sale on Trade Me©. METHOD: In January 2016, we conducted a national audit of businesses potentially providing sunbed services (solariums, beauty-salons, hairdressers, gyms and fitness centres) to assess the availability and cost of indoor tanning services (sunbeds and spray tanning). In addition, Trade Me©, New Zealand's largest auction site for second-hand goods, was monitored for one year to determine whether ex-commercial sunbeds were being sold in the domestic market...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896872/sunbed-use-among-portuguese-beach-goers-a-crave-group-while-wainting-sunbeds-to-be-abolished
#2
A F Duarte, J N Maia Silva, A Costa Pereira, E Nagore, A Picoto, O Correia
Although sunbed use is considered a complete carcinogen for skin cancer, over the past decades exposure to indoor tanning is becoming more popular.(1, 2) The risk appears to be stronger for young women, initial use at an early age (less than 35 years) and higher number of sunbed sessions. (3, 4) With this study we aim to better understand the features of sunbed users in Portuguese beach goers, a group at high risk for skin cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863995/tumor-targeted-delivery-of-sunitinib-base-enhances-vaccine-therapy-for-advanced-melanoma-by-remodeling-the-tumor-microenvironment
#3
Meirong Huo, Yan Zhao, Andrew Benson Satterlee, Yuhua Wang, Ying Xu, Leaf Huang
Development of an effective treatment against advanced tumors remains a major challenge for cancer immunotherapy. We have previously developed a potent mannose-modified lipid calcium phosphate (LCP) nanoparticle (NP)-based Trp2 vaccine for melanoma therapy, but because this vaccine can induce a potent anti-tumor immune response only during the early stages of melanoma, poor tumor growth inhibition has been observed in more advanced melanoma models, likely due to the development of an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment (TME)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713103/burden-of-skin-cancer-in-belgium-and-cost-effectiveness-of-primary-prevention-by-reducing-ultraviolet-exposure
#4
Lore Pil, Isabelle Hoorens, Katrien Vossaert, Vibeke Kruse, Isabelle Tromme, Niko Speybroeck, Lieve Brochez, Lieven Annemans
Skin cancer (melanoma- and non-melanoma skin cancer) is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers worldwide. This study analysed the current and future economic burden of skin cancer in Belgium and the cost-effectiveness of primary prevention of skin cancer. A retrospective bottom-up cost-of-illness study was performed, together with a Markov model in order to analyse the cost-effectiveness and the budget impact analysis of primary prevention of skin cancer in Belgium. Total prevalence of skin cancer in Belgium was estimated to triple in the next 20years...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614802/sunbeds-ultraviolet-radiation-measurements-with-different-radiometers-and-criteria-for-compliance-assessment-set-by-the-national-competent-authority-in-greece
#5
Aspasia Petri, Efthymios Karabetsos
In order to ground the credibility of the sunbeds' ultraviolet radiation compliance assessment with the 0.3W/m(2) erythema effective irradiance limit, it is highly important to use reliable measuring equipment and to justify reasonably the measurement's result. Recently, the first surveillance action of the artificial tanning sector in Greece has been finalised. The action consisted of in situ erythema effective irradiance measurements from sunbeds at commercial premises offering artificial tanning services at various cities throughout Greece...
September 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535604/impact-of-an-outright-ban-on-the-availability-of-commercial-tanning-services-in-victoria-australia
#6
C Sinclair, N Cleaves, K Dunstone, J Makin, S Zouzounis
Australian states have introduced an outright ban on commercial artificial tanning sunbeds. This was based on evidence from systematic reviews affirming a strong association between tanning bed use and increased risk of melanoma. The implementation of the ban provides an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of the legislation in preventing access to artificial UV radiation. Compliance with the ban has been enforced and monitored by government departments. We additionally monitored online tanning bed advertisements before and after the ban, showing a decline over time in the number of sunbeds advertised for sale on gumtree...
August 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517954/vitamin-d-status-and-supplementation-practices-in-elite-irish-athletes-an-update-from-2010-2011
#7
Joshua Todd, Sharon Madigan, Kirsty Pourshahidi, Emeir McSorley, Eamon Laird, Martin Healy, Pamela Magee
Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern that is prevalent in Ireland. The vitamin D status of elite Irish athletes following implementation of a revised supplementation policy in 2010/2011 has not been explored to date. This study aimed to assess the vitamin D status of elite Irish athletes participating in high-profile sports and establish if equatorial travel, supplementation and/or sunbed use predict vitamin D status. Across Ireland, blood samples (n = 92) were obtained from cricketers (n = 28), boxers (n = 21) and women's rugby sevens players (n = 43) between November 2013 and April 2015...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27483991/vivascope%C3%A2-1500-and-3000-systems-for-detecting-and-monitoring-skin-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#8
Steven J Edwards, Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, George Osei-Assibey, Gemma Marceniuk, Victoria Wakefield, Charlotta Karner
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the UK. The main risk factor is exposure to ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or the use of sunbeds. Patients with suspicious skin lesions are first examined with a dermoscope. After examination, those with non-cancerous lesions are discharged, but lesions that are still considered clinically suspicious are surgically removed. VivaScope(®) is a non-invasive technology designed to be used in conjunction with dermoscopy to provide a more accurate diagnosis, leading to fewer biopsies of benign lesions or to provide more accurate presurgical margins reducing the risk of cancer recurrence...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416424/sunbeds-and-hiv
#9
(no author information available yet)
For people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) it might be advisable to avoid using sunbeds.
May 28, 1988: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149135/knowledge-about-ultraviolet-radiation-hazards-and-tanning-behavior-of-cosmetology-and-medical-students
#10
Ewelina Bogumiła Zuba, Wojciech Francuzik, Przemysław Malicki, Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska, Dorota Jenerowicz
Dear Editor, Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a well-known physical hazard responsible for photoaging, photoallergic, and phototoxic reactions as well as carcinogenesis, including life-threatening melanomas (1,2). Overexposure to both natural and artificial UV radiation is a public health concern. 30% of cancers diagnosed worldwide are skin cancers. Approximately three million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132 000 new cases of melanomas are diagnosed globally each year (3). Sunburns, especially in childhood, are a very important risk factor for melanomas...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085608/dopamine-efflux-in-response-to-ultraviolet-radiation-in-addicted-sunbed-users
#11
Pamela M Aubert, John P Seibyl, Julianne L Price, Thomas S Harris, Francesca M Filbey, Heidi Jacobe, Michael D Devous, Bryon Adinoff
Compulsive tanning despite awareness of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) carcinogenicity may represent an "addictive" behavior. Many addictive disorders are associated with alterations in dopamine (D2/D3) receptor binding and dopamine reactivity in the brain's reward pathway. To determine if compulsive tanners exhibited neurobiologic responses similar to other addictive disorders, this study assessed basal striatal D2/D3 binding and UVR-induced striatal dopamine efflux in ten addicted and ten infrequent tanners...
May 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084577/factors-associated-with-cessation-of-sunbed-use-among-danish-women
#12
Ida Marie Rye Wøhlk, Peter Alshede Philipsen, Hans Christian Wulf
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sunbed use is a known risk factor for malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. This study characterizes current and past female Danish sunbed users for the purpose of finding factors leading to cessation of sunbed use. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed via social media and email on February 25, 2014. 561 women responded. RESULTS: Sunbed use was found to be associated with smoking, light and light brown skin colour, and knowledge about the risks associated with sunbed use...
July 2016: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073541/sun-exposure-and-melanoma-prognostic-factors
#13
Sara Gandini, Maurizio Montella, Fabrizio Ayala, Lucia Benedetto, Carlo Riccardo Rossi, Antonella Vecchiato, Maria Teresa Corradin, Vincenzo DE Giorgi, Paola Queirolo, Guido Zannetti, Giuseppe Giudice, Giovanni Borroni, Rosachiara Forcignanò, Ketty Peris, Giulio Tosti, Alessandro Testori, Giusto Trevisan, Francesco Spagnolo, Paolo A Ascierto
Previous studies have reported an association between sun exposure and the increased survival of patients with cutaneous melanoma (CM). The present study analyzed the association between ultraviolet (UV) light exposure and various prognostic factors in the Italian Clinical National Melanoma Registry. Clinical and sociodemographic features were collected, as well as information concerning sunbed exposure and holidays with sun exposure. Analyses were performed to investigate the association between exposure to UV and melanoma prognostic factors...
April 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016471/vitamin-d-production-in-uk-caucasian-and-south-asian-women-following-uvr-exposure
#14
Ohood A Hakim, Kathryn Hart, Patrick McCabe, Jacqueline Berry, Robertson Francesca, Lesley E Rhodes, Nicholas Spyrou, Abdulrahman Alfuraih, Susan Lanham-New
BACKGROUND: It is known that skin pigmentation reduces the penetration of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and thus photosynthesis of 25-hydroxvitamin D (25(OH)D). However ethnic differences in 25(OH)D production remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in vitamin D production between UK South Asian and Caucasian postmenopausal women, in response to a defined and controlled exposure to UVR. DESIGN: Seventeen women; 9 white Caucasian (skin phototype II and III), 8 South Asian women (skin phototype IV and V) participated in the study, acting as their own controls...
March 22, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994263/age-associated-skin-conditions-and-diseases-current-perspectives-and-future-options
#15
REVIEW
Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Jan Kottner, Wolfram Sterry, Michael W Hodin, Tamara W Griffiths, Rachel E B Watson, Roderick J Hay, Christopher E M Griffiths
The International League of Dermatological Societies (ILDS), a global, not-for-profit organization representing 157 dermatological societies worldwide, has identified the consequences of skin aging as one of the most important grand challenges in global skin health. Reduced functional capacity and increased susceptibility of the skin with development of dermatoses such as dry skin, itching, ulcers, dyspigmentation, wrinkles, fungal infections, as well as benign and malignant tumors are the most common skin conditions in aged populations worldwide...
April 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986121/parental-use-and-educational-campaigns-on-sunbed-use-among-teenagers-and-adolescents
#16
Ignazio Stanganelli, Luigi Naldi, Fabio Falcini, Serena Magi, Laura Mazzoni, Matelda Medri, Rita Bertoncini, Ombretta Calderoni, Veronica Agnoletti, Luca Nadiani, Giuseppe Palmieri, Sergio Di Nuzzo, Calogero Pagliarello, Sara Gandini
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sunbed use among teenagers and the association between familial behavior and the adoption of UV-protective practices in this age group. We also assessed the impact of an educational program on students' knowledge about the potential risks of sunbed use. The educational intervention focused on: (i) skin effects of UV radiation, (ii) photoaging and photocarcinogenesis, (iii) risk factors for skin cancer, (iv) indoor sun tanning and misleading concepts such as possible protective effect of sunbed use on skin cancer risk, (v) sun protection and relation with skin phototype, and (vi) early diagnosis of melanoma using the ABCDE check list and the ugly duckling sign...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907308/sunbed-use-prevalence-and-associated-skin-health-habits-results-of-a-representative-population-based-survey-among-austrian-residents
#17
Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Hanns Moshammer
Recreational sunbed use accounts for the main non-solar source of exposure to ultraviolet radiation in fair-skinned Western populations. Indoor tanning is associated with increased risks for acute and chronic dermatological diseases. The current community-based study assessed the one-year prevalence of sunbed use and associated skin health habits among a representative, gender-balanced sample of 1500 Austrian citizens. Overall one-year prevalence of sunbed use was 8.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 7.5%-10...
February 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844052/decreases-in-tanning-behaviors-following-a-short-online-survey-potential-for-prevention
#18
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Mark Gottlieb, Richard Daynard
OBJECTIVES: To date, tanning prevention programs have led to limited success. The aim of the present study was to investigate potential unexpected prevention effects of completing an online survey focused on tanning attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge among female college tanners. METHODS: A sample of 92 female undergraduate students from the USA, mean age = 20.09, SD = 1.41 years, who engaged in indoor tanning completed an online survey assessing awareness of tanning-related health risks, appearance-based motivations to tan and not to tan, media literacy related to tanning marketing, and tanning behaviors in 2013...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797627/sun-exposure-prevalence-and-associated-skin-health-habits-results-from-the-austrian-population-based-uvskinrisk-survey
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniela Haluza, Stana Simic, Hanns Moshammer
Recreational sun exposure accounts for a large number of acute and chronic dermatological diseases, including skin cancer. This study aimed at estimating the one-year prevalence of sun exposure and skin health-associated knowledge and attitudes among Austrian citizens. The population-based UVSkinRisk survey investigated a representative sample of Austrian adults using a structured questionnaire. In total, 1500 study subjects (median age 33.0 years, 50.5% females) participated in this questionnaire survey. Among study participants, prevalence of sun exposure was 47%, with slightly higher rates in males (48%) compared to females (46%)...
January 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780587/folic-acid-and-its-photoproducts-6-formylpterin-and-pterin-6-carboxylic-acid-as-generators-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-skin-cells-during-uva-exposure
#20
Asta Juzeniene, Mantas Grigalavicius, Li Wei Ma, Marina Juraleviciute
Folic acid (FA) is the synthetic form of folate (vitamin B9), present in supplements and fortified foods. During ultraviolet (UV) radiation FA is degraded to 6-formylpterin (FPT) and pterin-6-carboxylic acid (PCA) which generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and may be phototoxic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the production of ROS and phototoxicity of FA, FPT and PCA in skin cells during UVA exposure. The production of ROS and phototoxicity of FA, FPT and PCA were studied in the immortal human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and malignant skin cells (A431 and WM115) during UVA exposure...
February 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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