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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882514/a-strategic-framework-for-the-development-and-enhancement-of-safety-culture-in-the-artificial-tanning-sector-in-greece
#1
Aspasia Georgios Petri, Efthymios Karabetsos
Herein, the strategic framework for the development and enhancement of safety culture in the artificial tanning sector in Greece is presented. This framework has been designed and promoted by the competent national regulatory authority, which is the Greek Atomic Energy Commission (EEAE). The aim is to ensure a common understanding regarding ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and artificial tanning among the artificial tanning professionals, the stakeholders and the general public. The strategic framework is founded on the international organizations' recommendations, the EU requirements and the relevant technical standards...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752876/quantifying-direct-dna-damage-in-the-basal-layer-of-skin-exposed-to-uv-radiation-from-sunbeds
#2
Isla Rose Mary Barnard, Patrick Tierney, Catherine Louise Campbell, Lewis McMillan, Harry Moseley, Ewan Eadie, Christian Tom Alcuin Brown, Kenneth Wood
Non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers are attributable to DNA damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure. One DNA photoproduct, the Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimer (CPD), is believed to lead to DNA mutations caused by UV radiation. Using radiative transfer simulations, we compare the number of CPDs directly induced by UV irradiation from artificial and natural UV sources (a standard sunbed and the midday summer Mediterranean sun) for skin types I and II on the Fitzpatrick scale. We use Monte Carlo Radiative Transfer (MCRT) modelling to track the progression of UV photons through a multi-layered three dimensional (3D) grid that simulates the upper layers of the skin...
May 12, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706005/cutaneous-melanoma-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-solar-ultraviolet-radiation-and-the-use-of-sunbeds
#3
M Arnold, M Kvaskoff, A Thuret, P Guénel, F Bray, I Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and the use of UV-emitting tanning devices are associated with cutaneous malignant melanoma occurrence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion and number of melanoma cases attributable to solar UVR exposure and sunbed use in France in 2015. METHODS: Population attributable fractions (PAF) and numbers of melanoma cases attributable to solar UVR exposure were estimated by age and sex using the incidence rates of a 1903 birth cohort as the primary reference...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624836/behaviors-of-active-sunbeds-users-and-their-knowledge-on-the-potential-health-risks-results-of-cross-sectional-study-in-poland
#4
Maksymilian Gajda, Grażyna Kamińska-Winciorek, Jerzy Wydmański, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Małgorzata Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Current literature review indicates that there is an increase in risk of skin melanoma due to the use of sunbeds. AIMS: To assess behaviors and opinions about health risk related to tanning. METHODS: From March 2012 to June of the same year, nonrepresentative cross-sectional study was conducted online concerning knowledge and behaviors during tanning. Data from 4919 people (80% of women, median age 25 years [IQR: 20-36]) were analyzed statistically with R software (level of significance at α = ...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374748/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-recent-reports-on-sunbeds-from-the-european-commission-s-scientific-committee-on-health-environmental-and-emerging-risks-and-from-the-world-health-organization
#5
REVIEW
Jörg Reichrath, Pelle G Lindqvist, Frank R DE Gruijl, Stefan Pilz, Samantha M Kimball, William B Grant, Michael F Holick
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks and the World Health Organization recently published reports which concluded that a large proportion of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer is attributable to sunbed use, and that there is no need to use sunbeds as there are no health benefits and they are not needed to achieve an optimal vitamin D level. The overall conclusion from both bodies was that there is no safe limit for UV irradiance from sunbeds. We are, however, deeply concerned that these assessments appear to be based on an incomplete, unbalanced and non-critical evaluation of the literature...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320342/factors-associated-with-sunbed-use-in-women-the-e3n-sunexp-study
#6
Isabelle Savoye, Iris Cervenka, Yahya Mahamat-Saleh, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we attempt to describe the profile of sunbed users among cancer-free French women. METHODS: E3N is a prospective cohort including 98,995 French women aged 40- 65 years in 1990. In 2008, a specific UV questionnaire was sent to all reported skin cancer cases and 3 controls per case, matched on age, county of birth, and education. We used logistic regression models adjusted for pigmentary traits. RESULTS: Compared with non-users, ever-users of sunbeds were younger (ptrend < ...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200519/restricting-the-use-of-sunbeds-to-prevent-skin-cancer
#7
(no author information available yet)
Young people - especially women - are risking their health in pursuit of a tanned skin that they associate with celebrity, beauty and wellbeing. Tatum Anderson reports.
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172261/knowledge-of-evidence-based-cancer-risk-factors-remains-low-among-new-zealand-adults-findings-from-two-cross-sectional-studies-2001-and-2015
#8
Rosalina Richards, Bronwen McNoe, Ella Iosua, Anthony I Reeder, Richard Egan, Louise Marsh, Lindsay Robertson, Brett Maclennan, Anna TF Latu, Robin Quigg, Anne-Cathrine Petersen
Objective: Cancer risk reduction messages are a part of cancer control efforts around the world. The complex reality is that risk factors differ for different types of cancer, making clear communication of desired behavioural changes more difficult. This study aims to describe awareness of risk factors for breast, bowel, cervical, prostate and lung cancer and cutaneous melanoma among New Zealanders in 2014/15 and identify changes in awareness since 2001. Methods: Two national telephone surveys, the first (CAANZ01) conducted in 2001, included 438 adults (231 females and 207 males, 64% response rate)...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124713/uv-driven-tanning-salons-danger-on-main-street
#9
REVIEW
Jean-François Doré, Marie-Christine Chignol
Appearing in the early 1980s, at a time when UVA was considered as relatively safe, the tanning industry has substantially developed in occidental countries, especially in Northern European countries. In Europe, the erythemally-weighted irradiance of a modern sunbed should not exceed 0.3 W/m2 , equivalent to an UV index of 12, i.e. to a tropical midday sun, but increased in recent years, the UV spectrum emitted by sunbeds had evolved towards higher UVA irradiance and solariums UV had become even less similar to natural sun...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911238/talking-about-sunbed-tanning-in-online-discussion-forums-assertions-and-arguments
#10
Jennifer Taylor, Alexandra Lamont, Michael Murray
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence of both health and appearance risks associated with sunbed use. At the same time, the sunbed industry promotes the benefits of using sunbeds, and the image of a tanned skin as attractive and healthy arguably remains embedded within contemporary western culture. These tensions are played out in everyday conversations, and this paper reports a study which explored how sunbed users manage them within online discussion forums. DESIGN: A total of 556 posts from 13 sunbed-related threads, taken from six different UK-based online forums, were analysed thematically followed by techniques from discourse analysis...
April 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875578/are-tanning-salons-in-compliance-with-german-law-an-evaluation-based-on-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#11
Tatiana Görig, Sven Schneider, Rüdiger Greinert, Eckhard W Breitbart, Katharina Diehl
BACKGROUND: Given the evidence for increased skin cancer risk due to the sunbed use, a regulation of hazardous artificial ultraviolet radiation (UVR regulation) was passed in Germany in 2012. The aim of this study was to explore the advisory services in tanning studios as reported by sunbed users and to evaluate the information provided by the personnel of tanning salons after the UVR regulation was enacted. METHODS: The first wave of the representative National Cancer Aid Monitoring on Sunbed Use included a subgroup of 357 German citizens between 14 and 45 years who had used sunbeds since the UVR regulation was implemented...
March 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804871/first-evaluation-of-the-behavioral-addiction-indoor-tanning-screener-baits-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample
#12
K Diehl, T Görig, E W Breitbart, R Greinert, J J Hillhouse, J L Stapleton, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that indoor tanning (IT) may have addictive properties. However, many instruments for measuring IT addiction show poor validity and reliability. Recently, a new instrument, the Behavioral Addiction Indoor Tanning Screener (BAITS), has been developed. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test validity and reliability of the BAITS by using a multi-method approach. METHODS: We used data of the first wave of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring on Sunbed Use (NCAM), which includes a cognitive pretest (08/2015) and a Germany-wide representative survey (10-12/2015)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674581/sunbeds-and-skin-cancer-risk-quantifying-a-baseline-estimate-of-sunbed-facilities-in-south-africa-prior-to-implementation-of-sunbed-regulations
#13
Caradee Yael Wright, Patricia Nicole Albers, Anthony Ivor Reeder, Angela Mathee
INTRODUCTION: In 2009, ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices, i.e. sunbeds and tanning booths, were officially classified as carcinogenic to human health (Group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. METHODS: Here, we aim to estimate South African-based facilities with indoor tanning services advertised in the printed Yellow Pages and online in two directories. Printed Yellow Pages telephone directory beauty salon facilities listings (2010-14) for all provinces were examined and those mentioning "sunbed" and/or "tanning bed" recorded...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573745/prevalence-of-sun-protective-behaviour-and-intentional-sun-tanning-in-german-adolescents-and-adults-results-of-a-nationwide-telephone-survey
#14
T Görig, K Diehl, R Greinert, E W Breitbart, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of melanoma in the Caucasian population is rising worldwide. One of the major environmental risk factors for melanoma is the exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. To prevent skin damage caused by UV exposure, several organizations recommend wearing protective clothing, staying in the shade, avoiding the outdoors during midday and using sunscreen. OBJECTIVE: To provide representative data on factors associated with sun-protective behaviours and intentional sun exposure during summertime in the German population...
February 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527374/talking-about-sunbed-tanning-social-representations-and-identity-work
#15
Jennifer Taylor, Michael Murray, Alexandra Lamont
RATIONALE: Despite the publicised health risks associated with its usage, sunbed tanning remains popular in many Western countries. Previous research indicates that knowledge of the harmful effects does not necessarily lead to a reduction in sunbed use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a more extensive social psychological understanding of sunbed use, in the United Kingdom, by exploring the social representations of sunbed tanning held by both those who use and who have never used sunbeds...
May 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485768/varannan-timme-f%C3%A3-r-en-svensk-ett-nytt-malignt-melanom-incidens-utfall-och-prevention
#16
Christian Ingvar, Hanna Eriksson
Every second hour there is a new melanoma diagnosed in Sweden The incidence of melanoma in Sweden is catching up on Australia and is now close to 40/100 000 inhabitants/year, an increase of more than 5 %/year during the last 10 years. Swedes love the sun and travel a lot to sunny places like Spain and Thailand. There is a clear socioeconomic trend: the better economy and education, the more you travel and the more melanoma you get. Sunbed use is a clear risk factor and is now prohibited for young people. The proportion of thin melanomas (4 mm)...
May 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416344/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-serum-modulation-after-use-of-sunbeds-compliant-with-european-union-standards-a-randomized-open-observational-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Benedikt Weber, Chantal C Bachmann, Ralph Braun, Alison G Abraham, Andreas L Serra, Günther F L Hofbauer
BACKGROUND: Regular use of sunbed exposure has been reported to increase 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 [25(OH)D] serum levels. However, the influence of sunbeds compliant with the recent European Union standard EN-60335-2-27 on 25(OH)D serum levels is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of standard sunbed use compliant with the European Union standard on 25(OH)D serum modulation and well-being. METHODS: In a randomized controlled study, 25(OH)D serum levels were measured at enrollment, after 1 week, and after completion of the 12-week period of sunbed use with twice weekly exposure and compared with the control group without any sunbed exposure...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336336/sunbed-use-among-64-000-danish-students-and-the-associations-with-demographic-factors-health-related-behaviours-and-appearance-related-factors
#18
Maria Kristine Hagelskær Meyer, Brian Køster, Lise Juul, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup, Pernille Bendtsen, Peter Dalum, Anne Sofie Plum Christensen
Sunbed use is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer and is particularly dangerous for younger persons. The objective of this study was to assess how demographic factors, health-related behaviours and appearance-related factors are associated with sunbed use. Cross-sectional data from the Danish National Youth Study collected by the National Institute of Public Health during 2014 was used. A total of 64,382 students aged 15-25years were included in the present study. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to determine associations...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#19
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303596/the-phototoxic-potential-of-the-flavonoids-taxifolin-and-quercetin
#20
Alena Rajnochová Svobodová, Alena Ryšavá, Michaela Psotová, Pavel Kosina, Bohumil Zálešák, Jitka Ulrichová, Jitka Vostálová
Quercetin, one of the most abundant polyphenols in the plant kingdom has been shown to be photodegraded on exposure to UV light. Despite the fact, it is a component of several dermatological preparations. Its phototoxic potential has not been evaluated to date. The aim of this study was to assess whether photo-induced degradation of quercetin is linked to phototoxic effects on living cells. Its dihydro derivative, taxifolin, was included in the study. For evaluation, the 3T3 Neutral Red Uptake Phototoxicity Test according to OECD TG 432 was used...
March 16, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
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