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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804871/first-evaluation-of-the-behavioral-addiction-indoor-tanning-screener-baits-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample
#1
K Diehl, T Görig, E W Breitbart, R Greinert, J J Hillhouse, J L Stapleton, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that indoor tanning (IT) may have addictive properties. However, many instruments for measuring IT addiction show poor validity and reliability. Recently, a new instrument, the Behavioral Addiction Indoor Tanning Screener (BAITS), has been developed. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test validity and reliability of the BAITS by using a multi-method approach. METHODS: We used data of the first wave of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring on Sunbed Use (NCAM), which includes a cognitive pretest (08/2015) and a Germany-wide representative survey (10-12/2015)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674581/sunbeds-and-skin-cancer-risk-quantifying-a-baseline-estimate-of-sunbed-facilities-in-south-africa-prior-to-implementation-of-sunbed-regulations
#2
Caradee Yael Wright, Patricia Nicole Albers, Anthony Ivor Reeder, Angela Mathee
INTRODUCTION: In 2009, ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices, i.e. sunbeds and tanning booths, were officially classified as carcinogenic to human health (Group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. METHODS: Here, we aim to estimate South African-based facilities with indoor tanning services advertised in the printed Yellow Pages and online in two directories. Printed Yellow Pages telephone directory beauty salon facilities listings (2010-14) for all provinces were examined and those mentioning "sunbed" and/or "tanning bed" recorded...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573745/prevalence-of-sun-protective-behavior-and-intentional-sun-tanning-in-german-adolescents-and-adults-results-of-a-nationwide-telephone-survey
#3
T Görig, K Diehl, R Greinert, E W Breitbart, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of melanoma in the Caucasian population is rising worldwide. One of the major environmental risk factors for melanoma is the exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. To prevent skin damage caused by UV exposure, several organizations recommend wearing protective clothing, staying in the shade, avoiding the outdoors during midday, and using sunscreen. OBJECTIVE: to provide representative data on factors associated with sun-protective behaviors and intentional sun exposure during summertime in the German population...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527374/talking-about-sunbed-tanning-social-representations-and-identity-work
#4
Jennifer Taylor, Michael Murray, Alexandra Lamont
RATIONALE: Despite the publicised health risks associated with its usage, sunbed tanning remains popular in many Western countries. Previous research indicates that knowledge of the harmful effects does not necessarily lead to a reduction in sunbed use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a more extensive social psychological understanding of sunbed use, in the United Kingdom, by exploring the social representations of sunbed tanning held by both those who use and who have never used sunbeds...
May 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485768/varannan-timme-f%C3%A3-r-en-svensk-ett-nytt-malignt-melanom-incidens-utfall-och-prevention
#5
Christian Ingvar, Hanna Eriksson
Every second hour there is a new melanoma diagnosed in Sweden The incidence of melanoma in Sweden is catching up on Australia and is now close to 40/100 000 inhabitants/year, an increase of more than 5 %/year during the last 10 years. Swedes love the sun and travel a lot to sunny places like Spain and Thailand. There is a clear socioeconomic trend: the better economy and education, the more you travel and the more melanoma you get. Sunbed use is a clear risk factor and is now prohibited for young people. The proportion of thin melanomas (4 mm)...
May 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416344/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-serum-modulation-after-use-of-sunbeds-compliant-with-european-union-standards-a-randomized-open-observational-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Benedikt Weber, Chantal C Bachmann, Ralph Braun, Alison G Abraham, Andreas L Serra, Günther F L Hofbauer
BACKGROUND: Regular use of sunbed exposure has been reported to increase 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 [25(OH)D] serum levels. However, the influence of sunbeds compliant with the recent European Union standard EN-60335-2-27 on 25(OH)D serum levels is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of standard sunbed use compliant with the European Union standard on 25(OH)D serum modulation and well-being. METHODS: In a randomized controlled study, 25(OH)D serum levels were measured at enrollment, after 1 week, and after completion of the 12-week period of sunbed use with twice weekly exposure and compared with the control group without any sunbed exposure...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336336/sunbed-use-among-64-000-danish-students-and-the-associations-with-demographic-factors-health-related-behaviours-and-appearance-related-factors
#7
Maria Kristine Hagelskær Meyer, Brian Køster, Lise Juul, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup, Pernille Bendtsen, Peter Dalum, Anne Sofie Plum Christensen
Sunbed use is associated with an increased risk for skin cancer and is particularly dangerous for younger persons. The objective of this study was to assess how demographic factors, health-related behaviours and appearance-related factors are associated with sunbed use. Cross-sectional data from the Danish National Youth Study collected by the National Institute of Public Health during 2014 was used. A total of 64,382 students aged 15-25years were included in the present study. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to determine associations...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#8
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
April 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303596/the-phototoxic-potential-of-the-flavonoids-taxifolin-and-quercetin
#9
Alena Rajnochová Svobodová, Alena Ryšavá, Michaela Psotová, Pavel Kosina, Bohumil Zálešák, Jitka Ulrichová, Jitka Vostálová
Quercetin, one of the most abundant polyphenols in the plant kingdom has been shown to be photodegraded on exposure to UV light. Despite the fact, it is a component of several dermatological preparations. Its phototoxic potential has not been evaluated to date. The aim of this study was to assess whether photo-induced degradation of quercetin is linked to phototoxic effects on living cells. Its dihydro derivative, taxifolin, was included in the study. For evaluation, the 3T3 Neutral Red Uptake Phototoxicity Test according to OECD TG 432 was used...
March 16, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289050/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-uk-university-students-in-relation-to-ultraviolet-radiation-uvr-exposure-and-their-sun-related-behaviours-a-qualitative-study
#10
Lucy Kirk, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether knowledge about the harms of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) influences UK university students' sun-related behaviours and examine in depth their attitudes towards: sun protection, natural and artificial tanning behaviours. DESIGN: Qualitative methodology with 15 semistructured, individual interviews. Thematic analysis using the Framework Method with analyst triangulation and member validation. SETTING: One university in the West Midlands, UK...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211039/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-epidemiological-review
#11
REVIEW
A C Green, C M Olsen
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common cancer in white populations and its disease burden is often substantially underestimated. SCC occurs more often in men than women and increases dramatically with age; those affected often develop multiple primaries over time, which increases the burden. The main external cause is solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with immunosuppression being the other established risk factor, shown by the high SCC rates in organ transplant recipients. Sunbed use and certain genetic disorders and medical conditions are also associated with SCC, while associations with human papillomavirus infection and high bodyweight are not established...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095280/relative-importance-of-traditional-risk-factors-for-malignant-melanoma-in-the-czech-population
#12
Lucie Rajská, Dana Göpfertová, Jana Hercogová, Anna Jiráková, Zuzana Sečníková, Filip Rob, Zdeněk Šmerhovský
AIM: The Czech Republic is one of the leading European countries in incident cases of malignant melanoma (MM), which is on the rise. The study objective was to assess the strength of associations between MM and the known generally accepted risk factors for MM in the population of the Czech Republic. METHODS: The study was designed as a case-control study where cases were incident cases of MM detected at the Department of Dermatology and Venereology of the Bulovka Hospital...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906923/-out-of-the-frying-pan-but-not-into-the-fire-quantifying-commercial-cosmetic-tanning-services-in-new-zealand-to-inform-endgame-regulation
#13
Bronwen M McNoe, Anthony I Reeder
AIMS: In the context of possible regulation, to quantify and describe: (1) indoor tanning businesses in New Zealand; (2) sunbeds available for sale on Trade Me©. METHOD: In January 2016, we conducted a national audit of businesses potentially providing sunbed services (solariums, beauty-salons, hairdressers, gyms and fitness centres) to assess the availability and cost of indoor tanning services (sunbeds and spray tanning). In addition, Trade Me©, New Zealand's largest auction site for second-hand goods, was monitored for one year to determine whether ex-commercial sunbeds were being sold in the domestic market...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896872/sunbed-use-among-portuguese-beach-goers-a-crave-group-while-waiting-sunbeds-to-be-abolished
#14
LETTER
A F Duarte, J N Maia Silva, A Costa Pereira, E Nagore, A Picoto, O Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863995/tumor-targeted-delivery-of-sunitinib-base-enhances-vaccine-therapy-for-advanced-melanoma-by-remodeling-the-tumor-microenvironment
#15
Meirong Huo, Yan Zhao, Andrew Benson Satterlee, Yuhua Wang, Ying Xu, Leaf Huang
Development of an effective treatment against advanced tumors remains a major challenge for cancer immunotherapy. We have previously developed a potent mannose-modified lipid calcium phosphate (LCP) nanoparticle (NP)-based Trp2 vaccine for melanoma therapy, but because this vaccine can induce a potent anti-tumor immune response only during the early stages of melanoma, poor tumor growth inhibition has been observed in more advanced melanoma models, likely due to the development of an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment (TME)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713103/burden-of-skin-cancer-in-belgium-and-cost-effectiveness-of-primary-prevention-by-reducing-ultraviolet-exposure
#16
Lore Pil, Isabelle Hoorens, Katrien Vossaert, Vibeke Kruse, Isabelle Tromme, Niko Speybroeck, Lieve Brochez, Lieven Annemans
Skin cancer (melanoma- and non-melanoma skin cancer) is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers worldwide. This study analysed the current and future economic burden of skin cancer in Belgium and the cost-effectiveness of primary prevention of skin cancer. A retrospective bottom-up cost-of-illness study was performed, together with a Markov model in order to analyse the cost-effectiveness and the budget impact analysis of primary prevention of skin cancer in Belgium. Total prevalence of skin cancer in Belgium was estimated to triple in the next 20years...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614802/sunbeds-ultraviolet-radiation-measurements-with-different-radiometers-and-criteria-for-compliance-assessment-set-by-the-national-competent-authority-in-greece
#17
Aspasia Petri, Efthymios Karabetsos
In order to ground the credibility of the sunbeds' ultraviolet radiation compliance assessment with the 0.3W/m(2) erythema effective irradiance limit, it is highly important to use reliable measuring equipment and to justify reasonably the measurement's result. Recently, the first surveillance action of the artificial tanning sector in Greece has been finalised. The action consisted of in situ erythema effective irradiance measurements from sunbeds at commercial premises offering artificial tanning services at various cities throughout Greece...
September 2016: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535604/impact-of-an-outright-ban-on-the-availability-of-commercial-tanning-services-in-victoria-australia
#18
C Sinclair, N Cleaves, K Dunstone, J Makin, S Zouzounis
Australian states have introduced an outright ban on commercial artificial tanning sunbeds. This was based on evidence from systematic reviews affirming a strong association between tanning bed use and increased risk of melanoma. The implementation of the ban provides an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of the legislation in preventing access to artificial UV radiation. Compliance with the ban has been enforced and monitored by government departments. We additionally monitored online tanning bed advertisements before and after the ban, showing a decline over time in the number of sunbeds advertised for sale on gumtree...
August 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517954/vitamin-d-status-and-supplementation-practices-in-elite-irish-athletes-an-update-from-2010-2011
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Joshua Todd, Sharon Madigan, Kirsty Pourshahidi, Emeir McSorley, Eamon Laird, Martin Healy, Pamela Magee
Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern that is prevalent in Ireland. The vitamin D status of elite Irish athletes following implementation of a revised supplementation policy in 2010/2011 has not been explored to date. This study aimed to assess the vitamin D status of elite Irish athletes participating in high-profile sports and establish if equatorial travel, supplementation and/or sunbed use predict vitamin D status. Across Ireland, blood samples (n = 92) were obtained from cricketers (n = 28), boxers (n = 21) and women's rugby sevens players (n = 43) between November 2013 and April 2015...
August 9, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27483991/vivascope%C3%A2-1500-and-3000-systems-for-detecting-and-monitoring-skin-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#20
Steven J Edwards, Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, George Osei-Assibey, Gemma Marceniuk, Victoria Wakefield, Charlotta Karner
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the UK. The main risk factor is exposure to ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or the use of sunbeds. Patients with suspicious skin lesions are first examined with a dermoscope. After examination, those with non-cancerous lesions are discharged, but lesions that are still considered clinically suspicious are surgically removed. VivaScope(®) is a non-invasive technology designed to be used in conjunction with dermoscopy to provide a more accurate diagnosis, leading to fewer biopsies of benign lesions or to provide more accurate presurgical margins reducing the risk of cancer recurrence...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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