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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937786/prevalence-of-femoral-and-acetabular-version-abnormalities-in-patients-with-symptomatic-hip-disease-a-controlled-study-of-538-hips
#1
Till D Lerch, Inga A S Todorski, Simon D Steppacher, Florian Schmaranzer, Stefan F Werlen, Klaus A Siebenrock, Moritz Tannast
BACKGROUND: Variations in femoral and acetabular version are becoming increasingly recognized as contributing factors to the development of hip pain in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and hip dysplasia. It is still unknown what the true prevalence of these rotational abnormalities is in this patient population. PURPOSE: To determine (1) the prevalence of femoral version abnormalities in symptomatic hips with FAI and hip dysplasia, (2) the prevalence of combined abnormalities of femoral and acetabular version in these patients, and (3) which specific hip morphologies are associated with abnormalities of femoral version...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936545/open-tracheostomy-training-a-nationwide-survey-among-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents
#2
Limor Muallem-Kalmovich, Jacob Pitaro, Ayman Asaly, Alex Kessler, Ephraim Eviatar, Moran Shteiner, Tal Marom
The aim of this study was to examine the training methods and needs of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTO-HNS) residents to independently perform open tracheostomy (OT). An anonymous 26-items questionnaire pertaining to OT teaching aspects was distributed to all 93 Israeli OTO-HNS residents during March-June 2016. Residents were categorized as 'juniors,' if they were in their post-graduate year (PGY)-1 and PGY-2; 'mid-residency' (PGY-3 and PGY-4); or 'seniors' (PGY-5 and PGY-6). Response rate was 74% (n = 69)...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936292/evolution-of-oral-cancer-treatment-in-an-andalusian-population-sample-rehabilitation-with-prosthetic-obturation-and-removable-partial-prosthesis
#3
Rafael Flores-Ruiz, Lizette Castellanos-Cosano, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Maribel Gonzalez-Martin, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Radical surgical resection as a treatment modality for oral cancer often leads to an extensive deficit in both the maxillary and mandibular levels, where the use of a palatal obturator prosthesis (POP) or removable partial denture (RPP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment with POP and RPP in patients treated for oral cancer in the Unit of Prosthetic Rehabilitation of the University Hospital Virgen del Rocío in a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing oral cancer type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935210/office-based-procedures-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-laryngeal-pathology
#4
REVIEW
David J Wellenstein, Henrieke W Schutte, Robert P Takes, Jimmie Honings, Henri A M Marres, James A Burns, Guido B van den Broek
INTRODUCTION: Since the development of distal chip endoscopes with a working channel, diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in the outpatient clinic in the management of laryngeal pathology have increased. Which of these office-based procedures are currently available, and their clinical indications and possible advantages, remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of literature on office-based procedures in laryngology and head and neck oncology. RESULTS: Flexible endoscopic biopsy (FEB), vocal cord injection, and laser surgery are well-established office-based procedures that can be performed under topical anesthesia...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932503/effect-of-high-tibial-osteotomy-on-hip-biomechanics-in-patients-with-genu-varum-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Mehdi Moghtadaei, Ali Yeganeh, Bahram Boddouhi, Atefe Alaee, Hossein Farahini, Babak Otoukesh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of proximal tibia osteotomy on hip biomechanics. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 50 knees of 37 patients divided into two groups of unilateral and bilateral surgeries during 2015-2016. Patients underwent medial open-wedge osteotomy of proximal tibia. Axial alignment of lower limb radiography was carried out for the patients before and after the osteotomy. RESULTS: Findings from unilateral and bilateral high tibial osteotomies demonstrated that the average of greater trochanter (GT) angle from femoral head center and also the average angle of knee varus were significantly decreased (P = 0...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931200/social-media-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#6
Modupe Oyewumi, John Lee, Allan Vescan
The objective of this study was to assess the current use of social media tools within Canadian otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) programs and to assess the interest within these programs to integrate social media for networking, social, and educational programs. A prospective study from September 2013 to February 2014 was performed involving residents and faculty in Canadian OHNS programs. A 26-item questionnaire was created and sent to staff and resident physicians who met the study inclusion criteria using an online survey tool (http://surveymonkey...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930788/observation-of-dog-ear-regression-by-anatomical-location
#7
Thomas A Jennings, James C Keane, Rajat Varma, Stephanie B Walsh, Conway C Huang
BACKGROUND: When an excision is performed by a method other than elliptical excision, direct primary wound closure can result in standing cones or "dog-ears." In 2008, Lee and colleagues noted that dog-ears of <8 mm in height have a statistically greater tendency to resolve without further surgical correction than larger dog-ears. OBJECTIVE: To stratify dog-ears by anatomic location and inform on the need for correction at the time of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After tumor extirpation, patients were counseled that primary closure of the surgical wound would result in dog-ears at the wound apices...
September 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930782/determining-the-false-negative-rate-using-fluorescence-image-assisted-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#8
Rafael A Couto, Gregory A Lamaris, Rebecca Knackstedt, Brendan Alleyne, Paul Durand, Steven Rueda, Brian Gastman
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advances in cutaneous melanoma management, the false-negative rates (FNRs) of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) are still high. These rates are dependent not only on the technique but also on definitional terms and percentage of head/neck melanoma (highest false-negative SLNB). Fluorescence imaging technology is well acquainted in plastic surgery and other specialties. Having demonstrated that fluorescence-assisted SLNB is effective in melanoma, we are interested in determining its FNR...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929274/minimally-invasive-posterior-cervical-foraminotomy-for-treatment-of-radiculopathy-an-effective-time-tested-and-cost-efficient-motion-preservation-technique
#9
REVIEW
L Papavero, R Kothe
OBJECTIVE: To relieve foraminal root impingement due to lateral soft disc fragments, bony spurs, or other rarer causes. INDICATIONS: Soft disc fragment whose bulk is >2/3 lateral to the lateral border of the thecal sac. Intraforaminal dorsal bony narrowing of the root canal. Intraforaminal synovial cyst, extra/intradural tumor. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Paramedian and median soft/hard disc protrusions. Kyphosis of the index level. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Patient prone in reverse Trendelenburg position with the head fixed in a Mayfield clamp...
September 19, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929063/lymph-node-central-necrosis-on-the-computed-tomography-as-the-predictor-of-the-extra-capsular-spread-in-metastatic-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Aditi Sharma, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Girish Umredkar, Ratiram Barle, Neeta Sharma, Praveer Kumar Banerjee, Amrish Kumar Garg, Ravindranath Membally
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the presence of the cervical lymph node with central necrosis as on the preoperative imaging and postoperative histopathological identification of the lymph node extra capsular spread. This study is a prospective study conducted at J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (C.G), from August 2011 to January 2014. Thirty patients with metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were enrolled. All candidates were subjected to a detailed history taking and clinical examination...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#11
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928564/comparison-of-i-gel%C3%A2-and-laryngeal-mask-airway-supreme%C3%A2-in-different-head-and-neck-positions-in-spontaneously-breathing-pediatric-population
#12
Swati Gupta, Neelam Dogra, Kanchan Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Although the advantages of ventilation with i-gel™ and laryngeal mask airway Supreme (LMA-Supreme™) has been well documented, they are still under debate for surgeries requiring flexion and extension of neck such as thyroid surgery, tonsillectomy, and neck exploration. Hence, we conducted a study to demonstrate the effect of neck flexion and extension in spontaneously breathing anesthetized pediatric patients utilizing i-gel™ and LMA-Supreme™. METHODS: A prospective, randomized comparative study was conducted on sixty children, thirty each in i-gel™ and LMA-Supreme™ group...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927926/short-dental-implants-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Faraj Edher, Caroline T Nguyen
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implants can be essential in the rehabilitation of various cancer defects, but their ideal placement can be complicated by the limited dimensions of the available host bone. Surgical interventions developed to increase the amount of bone are not all predictable or successful and can sometimes be contraindicated. Short dental implants have been suggested as an alternative option in sites where longer implants are not possible. Whether they provide a successful treatment option is unclear...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927353/recurrent-metastatic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-case-of-sustained-response-to-prolonged-treatment-with-somatostatin-analogues
#14
Juana María Cano, Rocío Galán, Rafael López
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare disease. Treatment options for recurrent disease are limited. Somatostatin analogues might have a role as anticancer agents agents in MTC, although the evidence is inconclusive. PATIENT FINDINGS: A 64-year old male was diagnosed with MTC in January 2010. Total thyroidectomy with neck dissection (stage IVA, pT2pN1bM0, R1) was performed, followed by adjuvant locoregional radiotherapy. Two years later, the patient developed recurrent metastatic disease evidenced by elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and calcitonin levels, and a positive uptake (Octreoscan®) in the right adrenal gland and pancreatic head...
September 19, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925330/preoperative-positron-emission-tomography-for-node-positive-head-and-neck-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Nir Hirshoren, Elizabeth Olayos, Alan Herschtal, Aravind S Ravi Kumar, David E Gyorki
Objectives Surgery is the primary treatment modality for node-positive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck with no distant disease (HNcSCC-M0). The role of preoperative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan for these patients is unclear. We compared preoperative PET/CT with final histopathology among patients undergoing lymphadenectomy and/or parotidectomy for HNcSCC-M0. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Single Australian center. Subjects and Methods Investigation included disease parameters and preoperative CT and PET/CT findings of 64 patients with node-positive HNcSCC without distant metastatic disease...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#16
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922240/an-efficient-method-for-hair-containment-during-head-and-neck-surgery
#17
Nicola Zingaretti, Fabrizio De Biasio, Michele Riccio, Andrea Marchesi, Pier Camillo Parodi
The authors present a simple technique for operations around hair-bearing areas such as during a rhytidectomy. Hair surrounding the surgical field is twisted into bundles and clipped with duckbill clips. The authors repeat the procedure for each strand of hair. Between 5 and 7 duckbill clips may be required per surgery.The clippers are faster, easily applicable, and well performing. They can be used with different hair lengths, and they do not require any additional trimming or shaving; clips also keep the hair firmly in place, and they do not loosen up in the process...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922239/cleft-lip-and-palate-an-experience-of-a-developing-center-in-egypt
#18
Tarek A Abulezz
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital anomaly in the head and neck region. These clefts are not just a distortion of the normal appearance, but they may impose a major influence on the whole patient's life, both functionally and psychologically. Clefts affect feeding, teething, hearing, speech, and social communication. The incidence of cleft lip and palate is variable in different countries and different communities. The surgical correction of cleft lip and palate went through many evolutions, but still there is no single universal protocol of repair; however, many European countries have adopted national protocols and have established cleft centers for the management and follow up of affected population...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919615/microbiology-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#19
N Akhtar, P G Datta, M Yasmin, A Naha, A M Jewel, F Hossen, S Ahmed, U K Datta
This cross sectional prospective study was carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka from July 2012 to June 2013. The objectives of this study were to identify the common microorganisms involved and the antibiograms of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) patients in this tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. A total of 117 patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918617/right-ventricular-thrombosis-combined-with-fetal-death-and-acrocyanosis-in-pregnancy
#20
Feridoun Sabzi, Aghigh Heidari
Prepartum or postpartum right ventricular thrombosis (RVT) is an exceedingly rare and potentially lethal phenomenon in pregnancy. We here report a case of a pregnant patient with near term pregnancy admitted for dyspnea, amniotic fluids discharge and labor pain in a gynecology center that an eight-month dead fetus was diagnosed and delivered vaginally by induction. A post delivery period was complicated by aggravation of her dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain that she referred for further evaluation in our cardiac center...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
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