keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Financial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231514/the-social-and-economic-impact-of-biofortification-through-genetic-modification
#1
REVIEW
Hans De Steur, Matty Demont, Xavier Gellynck, Alexander J Stein
Genetic modification (GM) has been advocated as an alternative or complement to micronutrient interventions such as supplementation, fortification or dietary diversification. While proof-of-concept of various GM biofortified crops looks promising, the decision tree of policy makers is much more complex, and requires insight on their socio-economic impacts: Will it actually work? Is it financially sound? Will people accept it? Can it be implemented in a globalized world? This review shows that GM biofortification could effectively reduce the burden of micronutrient deficiencies, in an economically viable way, and is generally well received by target beneficiaries, despite some resistance and uncertainty...
February 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231335/immigrants-in-the-one-percent-the-national-origin-of-top-wealth-owners
#2
Lisa A Keister, Brian Aronson
BACKGROUND: Economic inequality in the United States is extreme, but little is known about the national origin of affluent households. Households in the top one percent by total wealth own vastly disproportionate quantities of household assets and have correspondingly high levels of economic, social, and political influence. The overrepresentation of white natives (i.e., those born in the U.S.) among high-wealth households is well-documented, but changing migration dynamics suggest that a growing portion of top households may be immigrants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231324/a-framework-for-analyzing-contagion-in-assortative-banking-networks
#3
Thomas R Hurd, James P Gleeson, Sergey Melnik
We introduce a probabilistic framework that represents stylized banking networks with the aim of predicting the size of contagion events. Most previous work on random financial networks assumes independent connections between banks, whereas our framework explicitly allows for (dis)assortative edge probabilities (i.e., a tendency for small banks to link to large banks). We analyze default cascades triggered by shocking the network and find that the cascade can be understood as an explicit iterated mapping on a set of edge probabilities that converges to a fixed point...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231255/confidence-and-self-attribution-bias-in-an-artificial-stock-market
#4
Mario A Bertella, Felipe R Pires, Henio H A Rego, Jonathas N Silva, Irena Vodenska, H Eugene Stanley
Using an agent-based model we examine the dynamics of stock price fluctuations and their rates of return in an artificial financial market composed of fundamentalist and chartist agents with and without confidence. We find that chartist agents who are confident generate higher price and rate of return volatilities than those who are not. We also find that kurtosis and skewness are lower in our simulation study of agents who are not confident. We show that the stock price and confidence index-both generated by our model-are cointegrated and that stock price affects confidence index but confidence index does not affect stock price...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231252/toward-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-of-human-motives
#5
Jennifer R Talevich, Stephen J Read, David A Walsh, Ravi Iyer, Gurveen Chopra
A major success in personality has been the development of a consensual structure of traits. However, much less progress has been made on the structure of an equally important aspect of human psychology: motives. We present an empirically and theoretically structured hierarchical taxonomy of 161 motives gleaned from a literature review from McDougall to the present and based on the cluster analysis of similarity judgments among these 161 motives, a broader sampling of motives than previous work. At the broadest level were: Meaning, Communion, and Agency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#6
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230583/evaluating-the-impact-of-radio-frequency-identification-retained-surgical-instruments-tracking-on-patient-safety-literature-review
#7
Kumiko O Schnock, Bonnie Biggs, Anne Fladger, David W Bates, Ronen Rozenblum
BACKGROUND: Retained surgical instruments (RSI) are one of the most serious preventable complications in operating room settings, potentially leading to profound adverse effects for patients, as well as costly legal and financial consequences for hospitals. Safety measures to eliminate RSIs have been widely adopted in the United States and abroad, but despite widespread efforts, medical errors with RSI have not been eliminated. OBJECTIVE: Through a systematic review of recent studies, we aimed to identify the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on reducing RSI errors and improving patient safety...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#8
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230457/comparative-effectiveness-of-rapid-acting-insulins-in-adults-with-diabetes
#9
Patrick N Racsa, Yunus Meah, Jeffrey J Ellis, Kimberly R Saverno
BACKGROUND: Although there are a variety of insulin products and new delivery modalities available, the absence of direct clinical and economic comparisons can make treatment planning and formulary decision making difficult. Direct comparisons between insulin aspart and insulin lispro from a large heterogeneous population are not available. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in clinical outcomes, medication adherence, utilization, and total health care costs between aspart and lispro and vial versus pen modalities for administering these short-acting insulin analogs...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230454/adherence-persistence-and-health-care-costs-for-patients-receiving-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors
#10
Karen L Rascati, Karen Worley, Yunus Meah, Damian Everhart
BACKGROUND: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are among the newer, yet more established, classes of diabetes medications. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence, persistence, and health care costs among patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: Claims were extracted from Humana Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) or commercial plans for patients aged > 18 years with ≥ 1 prescription filled for a DPP-4 inhibitor between July 1, 2011, and March 31, 2013...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230450/characteristics-and-medication-use-of-psoriasis-patients-who-may-or-may-not-qualify-for-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
William Malatestinic, Beth Nordstrom, Jashin J Wu, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Chen-Yen Lin, Kristin Kistler, Kathy Fraeman, Joseph Johnston, Lcdr Lesley Hawley, Nicholas Sicignano, Andre Araujo
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials impose exclusion criteria that may limit the generalizability of results. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the percentage of real-world patients who would qualify for psoriasis randomized controlled trials; (b) ascertain differences between moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients who would be eligible, ineligible, or potentially eligible for clinical trials; and (c) compare their biologic treatment patterns. METHODS: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients were identified from the U...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230447/effect-of-medicaid-policy-changes-on-medication-adherence-differences-by-baseline-adherence
#12
Krutika Amin, Joel F Farley, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the North Carolina (NC) Medicaid program reduced the number of days prescription supply that enrollees could fill from 100 days to 34 days and increased copayments for brand-name medications. Previous work has shown that a change in these policies led to a decrease in medication adherence from 2.9 to 8.0 percentage points in specific populations with chronic conditions. Studies have also shown that days supply limits and copayment increases have heterogeneous effects based on enrollees' baseline characteristics, including baseline adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229812/successful-extension-of-tocilizumab-infusion-intervals-from-4-weeks-to-6-or-5-weeks-in-90-of-ra-patients-with-good-response-to-4-week-intervals
#13
Osamu Saiki, Hiroshi Uda
OBJECTIVES: A period of 4 weeks (w) has been recommended as the interval between tocilizumab (TCZ) infusions for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, treating the patients with TCZ (8 mg/kg), we experienced that longer intervals were also effective. We conducted the study to investigate whether the intervals of TCZ infusions could extend from 4w to 5 or 6w. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. RA patients who had shown good response to TCZ infusions at 4w intervals were enrolled, and the intervals of TCZ infusions were extended to 5w...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229624/do-step-and-biological-grandparents-show-differences-in-investment-and-emotional-closeness-with-their-grandchildren
#14
Peter B Gray, Elizabeth Brogdon
Human children are raised by a variety of caregivers including grandparents. A few studies have assessed potential differences in direct caregiving, financial expenditures, and emotional closeness between biological and step-grandparents. Drawing upon kin selection theory, we hypothesized that step-grandparents would provide less care and be less emotionally close to grandchildren than would biological grandparents. A sample of 341 heterosexual U.S. adults 25-35 years of age in a long-term partnership and with a biological child 5 years of age or younger were recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228972/emergency-preparedness-and-management-at-the-university-of-l-aquila-central-italy-and-the-role-of-students-associations-in-the-april-6th-2009-earthquake
#15
Michele Magni, Rita Fraboni, Fausto Marincioni
INTRODUCTION: On April 6th 2009 an earthquake of Mw=6.3 hit the historical downtown of L'Aquila and its hinterland causing more than 300 fatalities and severe damage to private and public buildings. At the time, the University of L'Aquila represented a major source of employment and income for the city. The earthquake impacted both the facilities and the administrative, financial and patrimonial activities of the university, bringing into the open the tendency - widespread in Italy - to rely on adaptive tactics rather than on strategic pre-disaster plans...
January 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228491/maldi-tof-alone-versus-maldi-tof-combined-with-real-time-antimicrobial-stewardship-interventions-on-time-to-optimal-antimicrobial-therapy-in-patients-with-positive-blood-cultures
#16
Maya Beganovic, Michael Costello, Sarah M Wieczorkiewicz
Introduction: Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) decreases time to organism identification and improves clinical and financial outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of MALDI-TOF alone vs MALDI-TOF combined with real-time, pharmacist-driven, antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) intervention on patient outcomes.Methods: This single-center, pre-post quasi-experimental study evaluated hospitalized patients with positive blood cultures identified via MALDI-TOF combined with prospective AMS intervention, compared to a control cohort with MALDI-TOF identification without AMS intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228160/assessment-of-lymphatic-filariasis-prior-to-re-starting-mass-drug-administration-campaigns-in-coastal-kenya
#17
Sammy M Njenga, Henry M Kanyi, Faith M Mutungi, Collins Okoyo, Hadley S Matendechero, Rachel L Pullan, Katherine E Halliday, Simon J Brooker, C Njeri Wamae, Joyce K Onsongo, Kimberly Y Won
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a debilitating disease associated with extensive disfigurement and is one of a diverse group of diseases referred to as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) which mainly occur among the poorest populations. In line with global recommendations to eliminate LF, Kenya launched its LF elimination programme in 2002 with the aim to implement annual mass drug administration (MDA) in order to interrupt LF transmission. However, the programme faced financial and administrative challenges over the years such that sustained annual MDA was not possible...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228140/should-co-payments-for-financially-deprived-patients-be-lowered-primary-care-physicians-perspectives-using-a-mixed-methods-approach-in-a-survey-study-in-tokyo
#18
Machiko Inoue, Yuko Kachi
BACKGROUND: Japan's stagnant economy has produced increasing income disparities, and the effect of poverty on health and health-care utilization is a significant issue. Co-payments could be a trade-off for patients when seeking medical care and limit health-care utilization. We sought primary care physicians' experiences in dealing with financially deprived patients and their perspectives about reducing co-payments by low-income patients. METHODS: We used a convergent mixed-methods approach in a mail survey; it was distributed to 1989 primary care physicians practicing in areas with the highest proportions of socially disadvantaged individuals in Tokyo...
February 22, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227248/the-precuneus-may-encode-irrationality-in-human-gambling
#19
P Sacre, M S D Kerr, S Subramanian, K Kahn, J Gonzalez-Martinez, M A Johnson, S V Sarma, J T Gale, P Sacre, M S D Kerr, S Subramanian, K Kahn, J Gonzalez-Martinez, M A Johnson, S V Sarma, J T Gale, S Subramanian, M S D Kerr, M A Johnson, J T Gale, K Kahn, P Sacre, S V Sarma, J Gonzalez-Martinez
Humans often make irrational decisions, especially psychiatric patients who have dysfunctional cognitive and emotional circuitry. Understanding the neural basis of decision-making is therefore essential towards patient management, yet current studies suffer from several limitations. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in humans have dominated decision-making neuroscience, but have poor temporal resolution and the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal is only a proxy for neural activity. On the other hand, lesion studies in humans used to infer functionality in decision-making lack characterization of neural activity altogether...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226969/a-machine-learning-based-approach-for-identifying-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-for-whom-a-head-ct-scan-can-be-avoided
#20
Somayeh Molaei, Frederick K Korley, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Hayley Falk, Haris Sair, Kevin Ward, Kayvan Najarian, Somayeh Molaei, Frederick K Korley, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Hayley Falk, Haris Sair, Kevin Ward, Kayvan Najarian, Frederick K Korley, Hayley Falk, Kevin Ward, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Haris Sair, Kayvan Najarian, Somayeh Molaei
Head CT scan is more often used to evaluate patients with suspected traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the use of head CT scans in evaluating TBI is costly with low value endeavor. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm and a set of features to help clinicians determine which patients evaluated for TBI need a head CT scan using cost sensitive random forest (CSRF) classifier. We show that random forest (RF) and CSRF are useful methods for identifying patients likely to have a positive head CT scan. The proposed algorithm has superior diagnostic accuracy in comparison to the Canadian head CT algorithm, which is currently the most accurate and widely used algorithm for determining which TBI patients need a head CT scan...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
keyword
keyword
112454
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"