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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544140/investigation-of-bronchiectasis-in-severe-uncontrolled-asthma
#1
Katerina Dimakou, Anna Gousiou, Michail Toumbis, Maria Kaponi, Serafeim Chrysikos, Loukas Thanos, Christina Triantafillidou
INTRODUCTION: The presence of bronchiectasis in patients with asthma varies in different reports, while a clear etiological relation has not been precisely established. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the presence of bronchiectasis in patients with severe uncontrolled asthma and examine whether they contribute to the severity of asthma. METHODS: Patients with severe asthma were prospectively recruited. HRCT of the chest was performed to identify and grade bronchiectasis using the "Smith" radiology scale...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514950/lung-function-imaging-methods-in-cystic-fibrosis-pulmonary-disease
#2
REVIEW
Magdalena Kołodziej, Michael J de Veer, Marian Cholewa, Gary F Egan, Bruce R Thompson
Monitoring of pulmonary physiology is fundamental to the clinical management of patients with Cystic Fibrosis. The current standard clinical practise uses spirometry to assess lung function which delivers a clinically relevant functional readout of total lung function, however does not supply any visible or localised information. High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) is a well-established current 'gold standard' method for monitoring lung anatomical changes in Cystic Fibrosis patients. HRCT provides excellent morphological information, however, the X-ray radiation dose can become significant if multiple scans are required to monitor chronic diseases such as cystic fibrosis...
May 17, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492127/obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-previous-tuberculosis-pathophysiology-of-a-community-based-cohort
#3
Brian W Allwood, Rencia Gillespie, Maya Galperin-Aizenberg, Mary Bateman, Helena Olckers, Luis Taborda-Barata, Gregory L Calligaro, Qonita Said-Hartley, Richard Van Zyl-Smit, Christopher B Cooper, Eva Van Rikxoort, Jonathan Goldin, Nulda Beyers, Eric D Bateman
BACKGROUND: An association between chronic airflow limitation (CAL) and a history of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) has been confirmed in epidemiological studies, but the mechanisms responsible for this association are unclear. It is debated whether CAL in this context should be viewed as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or a separate phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To compare lung physiology and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in subjects with CAL and evidence of previous (healed) PTB with those in subjects with smoking-related COPD without evidence of previous PTB...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471958/association-of-serum-levels-of-laminin-type-iv-collagen-procollagen-iii-n-terminal-peptide-and-hyaluronic-acid-with-the-progression-of-interstitial-lung-disease
#4
Yiliang Su, Hongyan Gu, Dong Weng, Ying Zhou, Qiuhong Li, Fen Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Li Shen, Yang Hu, Huiping Li
Noninvasive and convenient tests to assess pulmonary fibrosis and disease progression in interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are currently unavailable. The extracellular matrix molecules, laminin (LN), type IV collagen (IVC), procollagen III N-terminal peptide (PIIINP), and hyaluronic acid (HA) are involved in ILD development and progression. This study aims to investigate the association of disease progression and serum levels of LN, IVC, PIIINP, and HA in patients with ILD. This retrospective study included 323 patients (162 cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis [IPF] and 161 cases of connective tissue diseases ILD [CTD-ILD]) treated in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital between January 2013 and January 2015 and 160 healthy controls...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449678/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-predicts-progression-free-survival-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Aurélien Justet, Astrid Laurent-Bellue, Gabriel Thabut, Arnaud Dieudonné, Marie-Pierre Debray, Raphael Borie, Michel Aubier, Rachida Lebtahi, Bruno Crestani
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating disease characterized by an unpredictable course. Prognostic markers and disease activity markers are needed. The purpose of this single-center retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic value of lung fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]-FDG) uptake assessed by standardized uptake value (SUV), metabolic lung volume (MLV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in patients with IPF. METHODS: We included 27 IPF patients (IPF group) and 15 patients with a gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumor without thoracic involvement (control group)...
April 27, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365577/submaximal-exercise-capacity-in-juvenile-dermatomyositis-after-longterm-disease-the-contribution-of-muscle-lung-and-heart-involvement
#6
Kristin Schjander Berntsen, Anita Tollisen, Thomas Schwartz, Eva Kirkhus, Trond Mogens Aaløkken, May Brit Lund, Berit Flatø, Ivar Sjaastad, Helga Sanner
OBJECTIVE: To compare submaximal exercise capacity in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) with controls, and analyze contributions of muscle, heart, and lung impairment in patients. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with JDM, with a mean 16.9 years after symptom onset, and 59 sex- and age-matched controls completed a 6-min walk test (6MWT) and a timed up and go (TUG) test. Muscle function, disease activity/damage, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were assessed by validated tools; heart function by echocardiography and electrocardiography; and lung function by spirometry, DLCO, and body plethysmography...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284321/matrix-metalloproteinases-and-airway-remodeling-and-function-in-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#7
Massimo Pifferi, Andrew Bush, Davide Caramella, Maria Rita Metelli, Maria Di Cicco, Martina Piras, Giulia Gherarducci, Carlo Capristo, Fabrizio Maggi, Diego Peroni, Attilio L Boner
BACKGROUND: The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) is important in the regulation of airway damage. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether they are important in the pathophysiology of primary and secondary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD, SCD). METHODS: We measured sputum bacteriology, lung CT changes, MMPs, TIMPs and lung function in 86 patients (51 PCD, 35 SCD) in a cross-sectional study; the 10 controls studied did not have HRCT or sputum cultures...
March 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260873/chronic-rhinosinusitis-is-associated-with-higher-prevalence-and-severity-of-bronchiectasis-in-patients-with-copd
#8
Xia Yang, Yali Xu, Jianmin Jin, Ruimin Li, Xiaofang Liu, Yongchang Sun
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bronchiectasis revealed by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the causes and risk factors remain to be determined. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is closely associated with bronchiectasis or COPD, but whether it is associated with comorbid bronchiectasis in COPD (COPD-Bx) is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stable COPD were enrolled consecutively and evaluated for the presence of CRS by questionnaire and paranasal sinus computed tomography...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229501/comparison-between-sedation-and-general-anesthesia-for-high-resolution-computed-tomographic-characterization-of-canine-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-west-highland-white-terriers
#9
Elodie Roels, Thierry Couvreur, Frédéric Farnir, Cécile Clercx, Johny Verschakelen, Géraldine Bolen
Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive interstitial lung disease mainly affecting West Highland white terriers. Thoracic high-resolution computed tomographic (T-HRCT) findings for Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis acquired under general anesthesia have been described previously. However, the use of general anesthesia may be contraindicated for some affected dogs. Sedation may allow improved speed and safety, but it is unknown whether sedation would yield similar results in identification and grading of Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis lesions...
May 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203410/relationship-between-radiologic-patterns-pulmonary-function-values-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-cells-in-newly-diagnosed-sarcoidosis
#10
Regina Aleksonienė, Ingrida Zeleckienė, Mindaugas Matačiūnas, Roma Puronaitė, Laimutė Jurgauskienė, Radvilė Malickaitė, Edita Strumilienė, Vygantas Gruslys, Rolandas Zablockis, Edvardas Danila
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify specious radiologic and/or physiologic prognostic marker(s), which lead to optimize of the patient follow-up frequency. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis. Patients underwent chest radiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) examination, pulmonary function tests (PFT), bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and lung biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell examination...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100358/-study-on-the-effect-and-predictive-to-bronchiectasis-combined-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
W Ding, Y F Zhao, H W Lu, S Liang, K B Cheng, J F Xu
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of bronchiectasis(BR)coexisting in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: One hundred and forty-eight bronchiectasis patients were retrospectively analyzed. These cases were all diagnosed in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital and Shanghai Gongli Hospital of Pudong New Area during Jan. 2012 to Dec.2015.The patients consisted of 74 males and 74 females, aging from 45 to 79 [mean(65±11)] years. In these patients, coexisting rheumatoid arthritis was found in 34 males and 36 females, aging from 45 to 79[mean(68±12)] years(RA-BR group)...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079847/relationship-between-abnormalities-on-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-pulmonary-function-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-progressive-systemic-sclerosis
#12
Gulfidan Cakmak, Tuba Selcuk Can, Sule Gundogdu, Canan Akman, Hande Ikitimur, Benan Musellim, Gul Ongen
 Introduction and aim: Progressive systemic sclerosis (pSS) is a multisystemic connective tissue disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs including lung. The mechanisms that leads to progressive lung fibrosis in scleroderma remain obscure. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between HRCT findings and patients' clinical and functional status and the degree of alveolitis based on the BAL resultsMaterials and methods: 65 patients with pSS were evaluated. Thoracic HRCT, pulmonary function tests, and dyspnea measurements were applied, and BAL was performed...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012804/improved-cough-and-cough-specific-quality%C3%A2-of-life-in-patients-treated-for-scleroderma-related-interstitial-lung-disease-results-of-scleroderma-lung-study-ii
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Donald P Tashkin, Elizabeth R Volkmann, Chi-Hong Tseng, Michael D Roth, Dinesh Khanna, Daniel E Furst, Philip J Clements, Arthur Theodore, Suzanne Kafaja, Grace Hyun Kim, Jonathan Goldin, Edgar Ariolla, Robert M Elashoff
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom of scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), but its relationship to other characteristics of SSc-ILD, impact on cough-specific quality of life (QoL), and response to therapy for SSc-ILD have not been well studied. METHODS: We investigated frequent cough (FC) in patients with SSc-ILD (N = 142) enrolled in the Scleroderma Lung Study II, a randomized controlled trial comparing mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and oral cyclophosphamide (CYC) as treatments for interstitial lung disease (ILD)...
April 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012490/association-of-anti-aminoacyl-transfer-rna-synthetase-antibody-and-anti-melanoma-differentiation-associated-gene-5-antibody-with-the-therapeutic-response-of-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#14
Naomi Yoshida, Masaki Okamoto, Shinjiro Kaieda, Kiminori Fujimoto, Tomohiro Ebata, Morihiro Tajiri, Masayuki Nakamura, Masaki Tominaga, Daisuke Wakasugi, Tomotaka Kawayama, Masataka Kuwana, Tsuneyo Mimori, Hiroaki Ida, Tomoaki Hoshino
BACKGROUND: We attempted to clarify whether the presence of anti-aminoacyl-transfer RNA synthetase antibody (anti-ARS Ab) or anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody (anti-MDA5 Ab) is associated with the therapeutic response of polymyositis/dermatomyositis-associated interstitial lung disease (PM/DM-ILD). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 22 patients with PM/DM-ILD (10 positive for anti-ARS Ab and nine positive for anti-MDA5 Ab) for whom antibody analysis of conserved serum was possible...
January 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911604/neutrophil-elastase-activity-is-associated-with-exacerbations-and-lung-function-decline-in-bronchiectasis
#15
James D Chalmers, Kelly L Moffitt, Guillermo Suarez-Cuartin, Oriol Sibila, Simon Finch, Elizabeth Furrie, Alison Dicker, Karolina Wrobel, J Stuart Elborn, Brian Walker, S Lorraine Martin, Sara E Marshall, Jeffrey T-J Huang, Thomas C Fardon
RATIONALE: Sputum neutrophil elastase and serum desmosine, a linked marker of endogenous elastin degradation, are possible biomarkers of disease severity and progression in bronchiectasis. This study aimed to determine the association of elastase activity and desmosine with exacerbations and lung function decline in bronchiectasis. METHODS: This was a single-centre prospective cohort study using the TAYBRIDGE registry in Dundee, UK. 433 patients with HRCT-confirmed bronchiectasis provided blood samples for desmosine measurement and 381 provided sputum for baseline elastase activity measurements using an activity based immunosassay and fluorometric substrate assay...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908307/evolution-of-imaging-findings-laboratory-and-functional-parameters-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-after-one-year-of-treatment-with-anti-tnf-%C3%AE-agents
#16
Efstathios E Detorakis, Eleftherios Magkanas, Ismini Lasithiotaki, Prodromos Sidiropoulos, Dimitrios T Boumpas, Nicholas Gourtsoyiannis, Katerina Antoniou, Maria Raissaki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of anti-TNF-α agent treatment compared to non-biologic DMARDs in rheumatoid arthritis patients. METHODS: 82 consecutive patients, 29 males, 53 females, aged 42-79, diagnosed with RA and suitable for anti-TNF-α treatment composed two study groups: 42 with pre-existing rheumatoid arthritis-related interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and 40 without RA-ILD. Respective control groups consisted of 44 patients with pre-existing RA-ILD and 44 patients without RA-ILD, treated with non-biologic DMARDs...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886856/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-outcome-in-systemic-sclerosis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#17
Masaki Okamoto, Kiminori Fujimoto, Junko Sadohara, Kiyomi Furuya, Shinjiro Kaieda, Tomoya Miyamura, Eiichi Suematsu, Yasuhiko Kitasato, Tomotaka Kawayama, Hiroaki Ida, Masao Ichiki, Tomoaki Hoshino
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the histological pattern and survival in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) is unclear. In patients with SSc-ILD, we investigated whether the clinical data obtained by non-invasive examinations could be used for prognostic evaluation, and attempted to clarify whether complicating acute exacerbation (AE) and the selection of pharmacological therapy were associated with survival. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with SSc-ILD, who had not been diagnosed by surgical lung biopsy were analyzed, retrospectively...
November 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880957/integrated-use-of-lung-ultrasound-and-chest-x-ray-in-the-detection-of-interstitial-lung-disease
#18
Luca Vizioli, Federica Ciccarese, Paola Forti, Anna Maria Chiesa, Marco Giovagnoli, Martina Mughetti, Maurizio Zompatori, Marco Zoli
BACKGROUND: Current data have shown that lung ultrasound (LUS) may be useful in the detection of interstitial lung disease (ILD) by the evaluation of B-lines, the sonographic marker of pulmonary interstitial syndrome. Nevertheless, no prospective study has compared LUS to chest X-ray (CXR) for ILD assessment, and there is no general agreement on the specific echographic diagnostic criteria for defining ILD. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were (1) to compare the accuracy of LUS and CXR in the detection of ILD using high-resolution CT (HRCT) as the gold standard and (2) to compare the accuracy of different echographic diagnostic criteria for ILD diagnosis...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842667/fdg-pet-ct-in-the-prediction-of-pulmonary-function-improvement-in-nonspecific-interstitial-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#19
V Jacquelin, A Mekinian, P Y Brillet, H Nunes, O Fain, D Valeyre, M Soussan
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to analyse the characteristics of nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) using FDG-PET/CT (PET) and to evaluate its ability to predict the therapeutic response. PROCEDURES: Eighteen NSIP patients were included. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), FDG uptake extent (in percentage of lung volume), high resolution CT scan (HRCT) elementary lesions, and HRCT fibrosis score were recorded. The predictive value of the parameters for lung function improvement was evaluated using logistic regression and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis (n=13/18)...
December 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759640/combined-inhaled-corticosteroid-and-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-agonist-therapy-for-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-with-airflow-limitation-an-observational-study
#20
Ping Wei, Jia-Wei Yang, Hai-Wen Lu, Bei Mao, Wen-Lan Yang, Jin-Fu Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is presently no clear evidence on the effect of combined treatment for non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β2-adrenergic agonist (LABA). The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of salmeterol-fluticasone combined inhaled therapy for non-CF bronchiectasis with airflow limitation. METHODS: An observational study was performed in 120 non-CF bronchiectasis patients diagnosed by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scanning of the chest...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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