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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325580/the-predictive-prognostic-factors-for-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#1
Yumiko Sugiyama, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Maasa Tamura, Mitsuhiro Takeno, Yosuke Kunishita, Daiga Kishimoto, Yuji Yoshioka, Kouji Kobayashi, Kaoru Takase-Minegishi, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Naoki Hamada, Hideto Nagai, Naomi Tsuchida, Yutaro Soejima, Hiroto Nakano, Reikou Kamiyama, Takeaki Uehara, Yohei Kirino, Akiko Sekiguchi, Atsushi Ihata, Shigeru Ohno, Shouhei Nagaoka, Hideaki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the principal cause of death in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). Here we investigated prognostic factors for death and serious infection in PM/DM-ILD using the multicenter database. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed baseline demographic, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment regimens and outcomes in patients with PM/DM-ILD. The distribution of ILD lesions was evaluated in four divided lung zones of high-resolution computed tomography images...
January 11, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302624/chemical-composition-and-antifungal-effect-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-allium-tripedale-tvautv-against-candida-species
#2
M Shirani, A Samimi, H Kalantari, M Madani, A Kord Zanganeh
Background and Purpose: Treatment of life-threatening fungal infections caused by Candida species has become a major problem. Candida spp. are the most important causative agents of candidiasis. Allium tripedale is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used to treat infections. In the present study, we aimed to determine the chemical compounds and antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic extract of A. tripedale against different species of Candida. Materials and Methods: Phytochemical analysis was performed to identify the possible bioactive components of this extract by using gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy (GC-MS)...
March 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290793/epigenomic-characterization-of-a-p53-regulated-3p22-2-tumor-suppressor-that-inhibits-stat3-phosphorylation-via-protein-docking-and-is-frequently-methylated-in-esophageal-and-other-carcinomas
#3
Lili Li, Juan Xu, Guohua Qiu, Jianming Ying, Zhenfang Du, Tingxiu Xiang, Kai Yau Wong, Gopesh Srivastava, Xiao-Feng Zhu, Tony S Mok, Anthony Tc Chan, Francis Kl Chan, Richard F Ambinder, Qian Tao
Rationale: Oncogenic STAT3 signaling activation and 3p22-21.3 locus alteration are common in multiple tumors, especially carcinomas of the nasopharynx, esophagus and lung. Whether these two events are linked remains unclear. Our CpG methylome analysis identified a 3p22.2 gene, DLEC1, as a methylated target in esophageal squamous cell (ESCC), nasopharyngeal (NPC) and lung carcinomas. Thus, we further characterized its epigenetic abnormalities and functions. Methods: CpG methylomes were established by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285147/expression-of-the-deubiquitinase-cylindromatosis-in-articular-cartilage-and-subchondral-bone-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Liu Hong, Yu Shanjiang, Wang Qian, Li Chunguo, Zhou Fei, Yu Jinming, Gao Jiyou, Li Na, Li Yang, Du Feng
Cylindromatosis (CYLD) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that regulates multiple key signaling pathways involved in the pathophysiology of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Previous studies have indicated that the expression of CYLD in the articular cartilage of patients with KOA is significantly higher than in healthy controls. However, limited data are available regarding the association between CYLD expression and the severity of KOA. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between CYLD expression in joint tissues and the severity of KOA...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229096/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-anti-aminoacyl-trna-synthetase-antibody-positive-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonia
#5
Hirokazu Yura, Noriho Sakamoto, Minoru Satoh, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Tetsuya Hanaka, Chiyo Ito, Tomoko Hasegawa, Shin Tanaka, Takuto Miyamura, Shota Nakashima, Atsuko Hara, Tomoyuki Kakugawa, Keishi Oda, Takashi Kido, Yasushi Obase, Yuji Ishimatsu, Kazuhiro Yatera, Atsushi Kawakami, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibodies have been detected in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and are especially correlated with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features of patients with anti-ARS antibody positive idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). METHODS: Patients were classified into three groups: 1) IIP with anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(+)IIP), 2) IIP without anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(-)IIP), and 3) PM/DM-associated ILD with anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD)...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179695/nonlocal-total-variation-based-on-symmetric-kullback-leibler-divergence-for-the-ultrasound-image-despeckling
#6
Shujun Liang, Feng Yang, Tiexiang Wen, Zhewei Yao, Qinghua Huang, Chengke Ye
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging is safer than other imaging modalities, because it is noninvasive and nonradiative. Speckle noise degrades the quality of ultrasound images and has negative effects on visual perception and diagnostic operations. METHODS: In this paper, a nonlocal total variation (NLTV) method for ultrasonic speckle reduction is proposed. A spatiogram similarity measurement is introduced for the similarity calculation between image patches. It is based on symmetric Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence and signal-dependent speckle model for log-compressed ultrasound images...
November 28, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149883/serum-concentrations-of-krebs-von-den-lungen-6-surfactant-protein-d-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-patients-with-asbestosis-and-silicosis-a-case-control-study
#7
Changjiang Xue, Na Wu, Xue Li, Meihua Qiu, Xuqin Du, Qiao Ye
BACKGROUND: Asbestosis and silicosis are progressive pneumoconioses characterized by interstitial fibrosis following exposure to asbestos or silica dust. We evaluated the potential diagnostic biomarkers for these diseases. METHODS: The serum concentrations of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), surfactant protein D (SP-D), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-7, and MMP-9 were measured in 43 patients with asbestosis, 45 patients with silicosis, 40 dust-exposed workers (DEWs) without pneumoconiosis, and 45 healthy controls (HCs)...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143072/the-extent-of-ground-glass-attenuation-is-a-risk-factor-of-chemotherapy-related-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Takeshi Masuda, Chihiro Hirano, Yasushi Horimasu, Taku Nakashima, Shintarou Miyamoto, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Shinichiro Ohshimo, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Noboru Hattori
OBJECTIVES: Chemotherapy-related acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is observed in certain patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have ILD. Although the prognosis of AE-ILD is extremely poor, there are no established risk factors for its occurrence. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated whether high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings could identify risk factors for AE-ILD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2016, 35 patients with NSCLC who received chemotherapy at Hiroshima University Hospital and were diagnosed with ILD on HRCT were enrolled...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128507/moderators-and-mediators-of-effects-of-unloading-shoes-on-knee-pain-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-shark-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
K L Paterson, J Kasza, K L Bennell, T V Wrigley, B R Metcalf, P K Campbell, D J Hunter, R S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate moderators and biomechanical mediators of effects of unloading shoes on knee pain in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Exploratory analysis from 164 participants in a clinical trial comparing unloading (ASICS GEL-Melbourne OA) to conventional walking shoes. The primary outcome was 6-month change in knee pain (11-point numerical rating scale (NRS)). Moderators included baseline peak knee adduction moment (KAM), radiographic severity (Kellgren & Lawrence (KL) scale), body mass, foot posture, neuropathic pain and diffuse knee pain...
November 8, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111268/selective-aminolysis-of-acetylated-lignin-toward-simultaneously-improving-thermal-oxidative-stability-and-maintaining-mechanical-properties-of-polypropylene
#10
Dezhan Ye, Jinfeng Kong, Shaojin Gu, Yingshan Zhou, Caoxing Huang, Weilin Xu, Xi Zhang
Even with outstanding radical capturing ability, the utilization of lignin as a natural antioxidant in polypropylene (PP) still has been pended. Usually, the compatibility of its blends is improved based on the reaction of hydroxyl content, thus leading to the decreasing content of phenolic hydroxyl (Ph-OH) group and inferior thermal-oxidative stability of lignin blends. Here, the selective aminolysis of acetylated Kraft lignin (pyr-KL) was investigated, which structures were characterized using FTIR, (31)P-NMR and GPC...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098939/adsorption-of-inorganic-mercury-from-aqueous-solutions-onto-dry-biomass-of-chlorella-vulgaris-kinetic-and-isotherm-study
#11
Carlo Solisio, Saleh Al Arni, Attilio Converti
This study focused on kinetics and equilibrium isotherms of mercury biosorption from water using dry biomass of Chlorella vulgaris as biosorbent at pH 5.0. Biosorption tests were performed at 2.0 g/L biomass dosage varying initial Hg concentration from 11.0 to 90.6 mg/L. The Lagergren equation was found to best describe the process, with R(2) of 0.984 and specific rate constant of 0.029±0.004 min(-1). Although equilibrium data were well fitted by the Dubinin and Radushkevich isotherm (R(2) = 0.870; qDR = 16...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068865/effect-of-a-lower-extremity-preventive-training-program-on-physical-performance-scores-in-military-recruits
#12
Karen Y Peck, Lindsay J DiStefano, Stephen W Marshall, Darin A Padua, Anthony I Beutler, Sarah J de la Motte, Barnett S Frank, Jessica C Martinez, Kenneth L Cameron
Peck, KY, DiStefano, LJ, Marshall, SW, Padua, DA, Beutler, AI, de la Motte, SJ, Frank, BS, Martinez, JC, and Cameron, KL. Effect of a lower extremity preventive training program on physical performance scores in military recruits. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3146-3157, 2017-Exercise-based preventive training programs are designed to improve movement patterns associated with lower extremity injury risk; however, the impact of these programs on general physical fitness has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to compare fitness scores between participants in a preventive training program and a control group...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058227/circulating-levels-of-proinflammatory-mediators-as-potential-biomarkers-of-post-traumatic-knee-osteoarthritis-development
#13
Svetlana B Panina, Igor V Krolevets, Natalia P Milyutina, Alexander B Sagakyants, Igor V Kornienko, Anzhelika A Ananyan, Mikhail A Zabrodin, Andrey A Plotnikov, Valeriy V Vnukov
BACKGROUND: The identification of biomarkers of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) progression is of clinical importance. The aims of this study were: (1) to assess the abilities of various soluble proinflammatory mediators in plasma to distinguish patients with knee PTOA from controls; (2) to determine the correlations between the mediators in plasma and those mediators in synovial fluid (SF); and (3) to explore the associations of the mediators with radiographic PTOA severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, TNFα, and leptin were measured using ELISA...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045979/-changes-of-serum-krebs-von-den-lungen-6-levels-in-interstitial-lung-disease-associated-with-dermatomyositis-and-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
J F Yu, Y B Jin, J He, Y An, Z G Li
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders characterized by various patterns of inflammation and fibrosis in the interstitium of the lung. The underlying pathogenesis of ILDs is complex and associated with multiple rheumatologic conditions, such as systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, pollymyositis and dermatomyositis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus. As the disease progresses, excessive pulmonary fibrosis impairs alveolar gas exchange and damages pulmonary function...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044628/possible-pro-inflammatory-role-of-heparin-binding-epidermal-growth-factor-like-growth-factor-in-the-active-phase-of-systemic-sclerosis
#15
Megumi Hirabayashi, Yoshihide Asano, Takashi Yamashita, Shunsuke Miura, Kouki Nakamura, Takashi Taniguchi, Ryosuke Saigusa, Takehiro Takahashi, Yohei Ichimura, Takuya Miyagawa, Ayumi Yoshizaki, Tomomitsu Miyagaki, Makoto Sugaya, Shinichi Sato
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a member of the EGF family growth factors, which affects multiple aspects of the wound healing process such as epithelialization, wound contraction and angiogenesis. In our study, we measured the serum HB-EGF levels of 51 systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, which showed a significant increase compared with those of 20 normal subjects. Further analysis revealed a positive correlation between the HB-EGF level and pulmonary ground-glass score but no correlation between the former and pulmonary fibrosis score...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043502/an-integrated-approach-using-chaotic-map-sample-value-difference-method-for-electrocardiogram-steganography-and-ofdm-based-secured-patient-information-transmission
#16
Anukul Pandey, Barjinder Singh Saini, Butta Singh, Neetu Sood
This paper presents a patient's confidential data hiding scheme in electrocardiogram (ECG) signal and its subsequent wireless transmission. Patient's confidential data is embedded in ECG (called stego-ECG) using chaotic map and the sample value difference approach. The sample value difference approach effectually hides the patient's confidential data in ECG sample pairs at the predefined locations. The chaotic map generates these predefined locations through the use of selective control parameters. Subsequently, the wireless transmission of the stego-ECG is analyzed using the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system in a Rayleigh fading scenario for telemedicine applications...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021460/a-case-of-dental-technicians-pneumoconiosis
#17
Masaki Okamoto, Masaki Tominaga, Shigeki Shimizu, Chiyo Yano, Ken Masuda, Masayuki Nakamura, Yoshiaki Zaizen, Takashi Nouno, Satoshi Sakamoto, Mitsuru Yokoyama, Tomotaka Kawayama, Tomoaki Hoshino
A 40-year-old female dental technician visited our hospital for the investigation of a chest X-ray abnormality. Chest computed tomography demonstrated centrilobular nodules and lung volume reduction, and her serum KL-6 level was elevated. A histological analysis of the specimens obtained on a surgical lung biopsy showed peribronchiolar fibrosis with pigmented macrophages and cholesterol clefts. An energy-dispersive X-ray analysis showed that these lung tissues contained some metals, including indium. The serum indium level was also elevated...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980591/-the-role-of-persistent-viral-infections-with-herpes-viridae-and-papilloma-viridae-associated-with-chronic-inflammatory-pathology-of-the-oropharynx
#18
N D Yushchuk, A I Kryukov, A B Turovsky, I A Popova, M V Savostikova
The high prevalence of chronic inflammatory oropharyngeal pathologies and a large variety of specific pathogenetic features of the persistent viral infections caused by the species of the families Herpesviridae and Papillomaviridae as etiological agents of the disease suggest the necessity of investigations with a view to evaluating the clinical significance of persistent viral infections with Herpesviridae and Papillomaviridae species in the patients presenting with chronic inflammatory oropharyngreal pathology...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976846/polymerization-behavior-and-mechanical-properties-of-high-viscosity-bulk-fill-and-low-shrinkage-resin-composites
#19
S Shibasaki, T Takamizawa, K Nojiri, A Imai, A Tsujimoto, H Endo, S Suzuki, S Suda, W W Barkmeier, M A Latta, M Miyazaki
The present study determined the mechanical properties and volumetric polymerization shrinkage of different categories of resin composite. Three high viscosity bulk fill resin composites were tested: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TB, Ivoclar Vivadent), Filtek Bulk Fill posterior restorative (FB, 3M ESPE), and Sonic Fill (SF, Kerr Corp). Two low-shrinkage resin composites, Kalore (KL, GC Corp) and Filtek LS Posterior (LS, 3M ESPE), were used. Three conventional resin composites, Herculite Ultra (HU, Kerr Corp), Estelite ∑ Quick (EQ, Tokuyama Dental), and Filtek Supreme Ultra (SU, 3M ESPE), were used as comparison materials...
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970117/osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-for-isolated-patellofemoral-osteoarthritis
#20
Hiromitsu Yabumoto, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Shogo Mukai, Takahiko Saji
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for isolated patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: OAT was performed in seven patients (six men, one woman; mean age, 61.1years) with isolated PF OA. The mean duration of follow up was 46.9months (range, 24-84months). Clinical outcomes were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively according to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) objective score and the knee scoring system of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score...
September 29, 2017: Knee
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