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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725979/obesity-management-task-force-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-released-practical-recommendations-for-the-post-bariatric-surgery-medical-management
#1
Luca Busetto, Dror Dicker, Carmil Azran, Rachel L Batterham, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert, Martin Fried, Jøran Hjelmesæth, Johann Kinzl, Deborah R Leitner, Janine M Makaronidis, Karin Schindler, Hermann Toplak, Volkan Yumuk
Bariatric patients may face specific clinical problems after surgery, and multidisciplinary long-term follow-up is usually provided in specialized centers. However, physicians, obstetricians, dieticians, nurses, clinical pharmacists, midwives, and physical therapists not specifically trained in bariatric medicine may encounter post-bariatric patients with specific problems in their professional activity. This creates a growing need for dissemination of first level knowledge in the management of bariatric patients...
May 4, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715578/leisure-time-physical-activity-of-people-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injuries
#2
Katarzyna Kaźmierczak, Przemysław Lisiński
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature of LTPA performed by patients with incomplete spinal cord injury a minimum of 12 months after injury. Therefore, the study investigates the impact of injury location on the form and frequency of LTPA, time between injury and commencement of LTPA, motivations to undertake such physical activity, as well as factors which reduce participation. PATIENT AND METHODS: The study included 75 patients aged 18-60...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698669/fibroblast-growth-factor-20-is-protective-towards-dopaminergic-neurons-in-vivo-in-a-paracrine-manner
#3
Eugene L Boshoff, Edward J R Fletcher, Susan Duty
Neuroprotective strategies are an unmet medical need for Parkinson's disease. Fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20) enhances survival of cultured dopaminergic neurons but little is known about its in vivo potential. We set out to examine whether manipulation of the FGF20 system affected nigrostriatal tract integrity in rats, to identify which fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) might reside on dopaminergic neurons and to discover the source of endogenous FGF20 in the substantia nigra (SN). Male Sprague Dawley rats were subject to a partial 6-OHDA lesion alongside treatment with exogenous FGF20 or an FGFR antagonist...
April 23, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690708/-effect-of-transient-ischemic-attack-on-early-neurological-deterioration-in-patients-with-ipsilateral-ischemic-stroke
#4
S S Cao, A L Lin, L Sun, H Liang, Y Cheng, Y W Xu
Objective: To explore the effect of anterior circulation transient ischemic attack (TIA) on early neurological deterioration (END) in patients with ipsilateral ischemic stroke and its mechanism. Methods: (1) One hundred and thirteen patients with ipsilateral ischemic stroke and 36 healthy volunteers (healthy control group) in Neurology Department of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from November 2014 to July 2015 were recruited into this study. According to whether got TIA before ischemic stroke, patients were divided into simple ischemic stroke group (CI group, n =87) and TIA-CI group ( n =26)...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684508/methylene-blue-ameliorates-olfactory-dysfunction-and-motor-deficits-in-a-chronic-mptp-probenecid-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
K C Biju, Robert C Evans, Kripa Shrestha, Daniel C B Carlisle, Jonathan Gelfond, Robert A Clark
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are very prominent and early features in Parkinson's disease (PD) and in animal models of PD. Thus, antioxidant therapy for PD has been proposed, but in clinical trials such strategies have met with very limited success. Methylene blue (MB), a small-molecule synthetic heterocyclic organic compound that acts as a renewable electron cycler in the mitochondrial electron transport chain, manifesting robust antioxidant and cell energetics-enhancing properties, has recently been shown to have significant beneficial effects in reducing nigrostriatal dopaminergic loss and motor impairment in acute toxin models of PD...
April 20, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678091/clarifying-diagnoses-to-laymen-by-employing-the-snomed-ct-hierarchy
#6
Hugo J Th van Mens, Nicolette F de Keizer, Remko Nienhuis, Ronald Cornet
Patient access to electronic health records (EHRs) is associated with improved efficiency, self-management, and patient engagement. However, the EHR contains medical language that can be difficult to comprehend by patients. In Dutch hospitals, the Diagnosethesaurus (DT) is used as an interface terminology to register diagnoses, but it does not contain patient-friendly terms. Fortunately, the DT is partly mapped to SNOMED CT and there is a proportionately small set of patient-friendly terms available in the Dutch SNOMED CT release...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669750/current-challenges-and-opportunities-in-treating-glioblastoma
#7
Andrea Shergalis, Armand Bankhead, Urarika Luesakul, Nongnuj Muangsin, Nouri Neamati
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor, has a high mortality rate despite extensive efforts to develop new treatments. GBM exhibits both intra- and intertumor heterogeneity, lending to resistance and eventual tumor recurrence. Large-scale genomic and proteomic analysis of GBM tumors has uncovered potential drug targets. Effective and "druggable" targets must be validated to embark on a robust medicinal chemistry campaign culminating in the discovery of clinical candidates...
July 2018: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668681/a-longitudinal-1h-nmr-metabolomics-analysis-of-urine-from-newborns-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-undergoing-hypothermia-therapy-clinical-and-medical-legal-insights
#8
Emanuela Locci, Antonio Noto, Melania Puddu, Giulia Pomero, Roberto Demontis, Cristina Dalmazzo, Antonio Delogu, Vassilios Fanos, Ernesto d'Aloja, Paolo Gancia
Perinatal asphyxia is an event affecting around four million newborns worldwide. The 0.5 to 2 per 1000 of full term asphyxiated newborns suffer from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), which is a frequent cause of death or severe disability and, as consequence, the most common birth injury claim for obstetrics, gynaecologists, and paediatricians. Perinatal asphyxia results from a compromised gas exchange that leads to hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and metabolic acidosis. In this work, we applied a metabolomics approach to investigate the metabolic profiles of urine samples collected from full term asphyxiated newborns with HIE undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (TH), with the aim of identifying a pattern of metabolites associated with HIE and to follow their modifications over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665658/effect-of-the-anti-il-17-antibody-on-allergic-inflammation-in-an-obesity-related-asthma-model
#9
Lin Liang, Jung Hur, Ji Young Kang, Chin Kook Rhee, Young Kyoon Kim, Sook Young Lee
Background/Aims: The co-occurrence of obesity aggravates asthma symptoms. Diet-induced obesity increases helper T cell (TH) 17 cell differentiation in adipose tissue and the spleen. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor pravastatin can potentially be used to treat asthma in obese patients by inhibiting interleukin 17 (IL-17) expression. This study investigated the combined effects of pravastatin and anti-IL-17 antibody treatment on allergic inflammation in a mouse model of obesity-related asthma...
April 19, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627619/impact-of-prednisone-in-patients-with-repeated-embryo-implantation-failures-beneficial-or-deleterious
#10
REVIEW
Nathalie Lédée, Laura Prat-Ellenberg, Marie Petitbarat, Lucie Chevrier, Cynthia Simon, Elie El Irani, Dominique Vitoux, Armand Bensussan, Gérard Chaouat
INTRODUCTION: Corticotherapy is the leading medication worldwide for patients with history of repeated implantation failures (RIF) after IVF/ICSI. Nevertheless, we still do not know its local mechanism of action, hence its precise indication. Our objective is to document the impact of prednisone on the endometrial expression of immune biomarkers (CD56 cells count, IL-18/TWEAK, IL-15/Fn-14 mRNA ratio) at the time of uterine receptivity in a RIF population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: An endometrial biopsy was realized in the mid luteal phase for immune profiling: IL-15/Fn-14 and IL-18/TWEAK mRNA ratios were determined by quantitative RT-PCR and CD56 mobilization per IHC...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621969/baseline-widal-titre-among-healthy-adult-males-from-the-greater-mymensingh-division-of-bangladesh
#11
Arifuzzaman Khan, Fahim Ashher, Fahmida Khanam, Marufur Rahman, Momen Khan, Shyamal Kumar Paul, Akram Hossain
Widal agglutination test is arguably the most widely used laboratory investigation for diagnosis of Typhoid, especially in developing countries where blood culture is often inaccessible. However, the interpretation of the test still remains a controversial topic particularly in the context of endemic regions such as Bangladesh, as agglutination test is often found positive in varied and higher titrations among a large percentage of healthy population. Paired Widal tests are often not feasible, hence single unpaired test has to be used for screening and diagnosis...
April 5, 2018: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611440/new-biologics-for-allergic-diseases
#12
Laurie A Manka, Michael E Wechsler
Allergic conditions such as asthma and atopic dermatitis have a high prevalence but represent a heterogeneous group of diseases despite similar clinical presentation and underlying pathophysiology. A better understanding of the phenotypes and endotypes of these diseases has driven rapid development of biologic medications targeting many steps of the inflammatory pathways. Areas covered: There are 2 major inflammatory pathways that drive allergic diseases: Type-2 (Th-2) inflammation and non-type 2 inflammation...
April 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605113/disuse-osteopenia-following-leg-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-implications-for-hip-fracture-risk-and-fracture-liaison-services
#13
S J Hopkins, A D Toms, M Brown, A Appleboam, K M Knapp
INTRODUCTION: Disuse osteopenia is a known consequence of reduced weight-bearing and has been demonstrated at the hip following leg injury but has not been specifically studied in postmenopausal women. METHOD: Bilateral DXA (GE Lunar Prodigy) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were taken at the neck of femur (NOF), total hip region (TH) and lumbar spine in postmenopausal female groups comprising controls (N = 43), new leg fractures (#<3wks) (N = 9), and participants who had sustained a leg fracture more than one year previously (#>1yr) (N = 24)...
May 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526048/stunting-starvation-and-refeeding-a-review-of-forgotten-19th-and-early-20th-century-literature
#14
REVIEW
M Hermanussen, B Bogin, C Scheffler
AIM: To scrutinize to what extent modern ideas about nutrition effects on growth are supported by historic observations in European populations. METHOD: We reviewed 19th and early 20th century paediatric journals in the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, the third largest European library with an almost complete collection of the German medical literature. During a three-day visit, we inspected 15 bookshelf meters of literature not available in electronic format. RESULTS: Late 19th and early 20th century breastfed European infants and children, independent of social strata, grew far below World Health Organisation (WHO) standards and 15-30% of adequately-fed children would be classified as stunted by the WHO standards...
March 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479900/ganglion-cyst-of-the-knee-a-retrospective-review-of-a-consecutive-case-series
#15
Ivan Bojanić, Damjan Dimnjaković, Tomislav Smoljanović
The aim of this study was to describe relevant medical history, clinical symptoms and outcomes in 12 patients having undergone surgical treatment of intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee at our Department from January 2010 to June 2016. Patient demographics, medical history, knee manifestations, management and outcome were evaluated. The mean patient age was 26.4 (range, 16-46) years. Th ere were seven female and five male patients. Duration of symptoms prior to the operation varied from 2 months to 3 years (mean, 17...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475448/protective-and-restorative-effects-of-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-jitai-tablet-against-methamphetamine-induced-dopaminergic-neurotoxicity
#16
Shasha Xu, Shaoang Tu, Jinlong Gao, Jia Liu, Zhirui Guo, Jinming Zhang, Xingdang Liu, Jianhui Liang, Yiyun Huang, Mei Han
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant with high abuse liability that affects the monoamine neurotransmitter systems, particularly the dopamine system. Currently there are no effective medications for the treatment of METH abuse to restore METH-induced dopaminergic dysfunction. The Jitai tablet (JTT), a commercial traditional Chinese medicinal preparation, has been shown to modulate the dopaminergic function both in heroin addicts and in morphine-dependent rats. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in a rodent model, whether JTT can protect against METH-induced neurotoxicity, and/or restore METH-damaged dopaminergic function...
February 23, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460911/-masks-of-acute-neuroinfections-and-markers-of-differencial-diagnosis
#17
A S Shishov, I S Petrova, P V Boytsov, V G Leva, V E Malikov, S A Rusanova, A V Surovikina, I A Blank
AIM: To compare thе medical history, clinical features, composition of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), results of laboratory and instrumental examinations of patients with acute neuroinfections and differentiable diseases including a pseudoinflammatory variant of the acute stage of uncomplicated subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), consequences of traumatic brain injury (traumatic SAH, SAN combination with secondary purulent meningitis, posttraumatic nasal liquorrhea, intracerebral hematomas), abscesses and tumors of the brain, lymphoma with proven CNS...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457614/poly-trimethylene-carbonate-and-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-modify-human-dendritic-cell-responses-to-staphylococci-but-do-not-affect-th1-and-th2-cell-development
#18
P P Balraadjsing, E C de Jong, D W Grijpma, M W Tanck, S A Zaat
Biomaterial-associated infections (BAIs) are frequent complications in the use of medical devices (biomaterials) correlated with considerable patient discomfort and high treatment costs. The presence of a biomaterial in the host causes derangement of local immune responses increasing susceptibility to infection. Dendritic cells (DCs) have an important role in directing the nature of immune responses by activating and controlling CD4+ T helper (Th) cell responses. To assess the immunomodulatory effect of the combined presence of biomaterials and Staphylococcus aureus (S...
February 19, 2018: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452105/label-free-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-detection-of-alpha-fetoprotein-based-on-afp-aptamer-and-thionin-reduced-graphene-oxide-gold-nanoparticles
#19
Guiyin Li, Shanshan Li, Zhihong Wang, Yewei Xue, Chenyang Dong, Junxiang Zeng, Yong Huang, Jintao Liang, Zhide Zhou
Sensitive and accurate detection of tumor markers is critical to early diagnosis, point-of-care and portable medical supervision. Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is an important clinical tumor marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the concentration of AFP in human serum is related to the stage of HCC. In this paper, a label-free electrochemical aptasensor for AFP detection was fabricated using AFP-aptamer as the recognition molecule and thionin/reduced graphene oxide/gold nanoparticles (TH/RGO/Au NPs) as the sensor platform...
April 15, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404464/factors-influencing-decisions-about-a-career-in-hepatology-a-survey-of-gastroenterology-fellows
#20
Sarah M Ordway, Manish B Singla, Patrick E Young, Rohit Satoskar, Ryan M Kwok
Despite an unmet need for hepatologists in the United States, every year transplant hepatology (TH) fellowship positions remain unfilled. To address this, we investigated factors that influence trainee decisions about pursuing a career in hepatology. We invited current gastroenterology (GI) and TH fellows from all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited programs for the academic year 2014-2015 to participate in an online survey about factors influencing decisions to train in hepatology...
June 2017: Hepatology Communications
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