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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443592/the-significance-of-a-neglected-romanian-book-the-methods-of-the-clinical-laboratory-by-ioan-manta-and-alexandru-ciplea
#1
Cristian Barsu
"The Methods of Clinical Laboratory" was the first comprehensive Romanian book in the medical laboratory field, having utility in clinical practice. It was written by Prof. Ioan Manta (1900-1979) and Alexandru Ciplea (1912-1988), both from the Cluj Faculty of Medicine. The volume was published for the first time in 1944, during the refuge of this Faculty in Sibiu, and for the second time in 1947, in Cluj. Our aim is to make a brief analysis of its structure and to put into evidence the importance of this book for the Romanian laboratory medicine, some techniques (e...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443383/beneficial-effects-of-lactobacillus-casei-strain-shirota-on-academic-stress-induced-sleep-disturbance-in-healthy-adults-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
M Takada, K Nishida, Y Gondo, H Kikuchi-Hayakawa, H Ishikawa, K Suda, M Kawai, R Hoshi, Y Kuwano, K Miyazaki, K Rokutan
The present study examined whether Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) improves sleep quality under psychological stress. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in healthy 4(th) year medical students exposed to academic examination stress. The trial was repeated over two consecutive years in different groups of students, and the data were pooled. For 8 weeks prior to and 3 weeks after a national standardised examination, a total of 48 and 46 subjects received a daily dose of 100 ml of LcS-fermented milk or non-fermented placebo milk, respectively...
April 26, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434960/solitary-cysticercal-cyst-insidethe-blake-s-pouch-remnant-of-mega-cisterna-magna-with-associated-aqueductal-stenosis-the-clinical-and-management-implications
#3
Kuntal Kanti Das, Jaskaran Singh Gosal, Suyash Singh, Anant Mehrotra, Awadhesh Jaiswal, Sushila Jaiswal, Raj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular and subarachnoid forms represent the relatively complex albeit uncommon manifestations of the central nervous system involvement by the cysticercal cysts. Cysticercal encystationinsidethe Blake's pouch remnant of mega cisterna magna remainsan extremely rare clinical scenario and to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported before. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with acute worsening and subsequent spontaneous resolution of his compensated hydrocephalus...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434269/electronic-adherence-monitoring-device-performance-and-patient-acceptability-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Amy Hai Yan Chan, Alistair William Stewart, Jeff Harrison, Peter Nigel Black, Edwin Arthur Mitchell, Juliet Michelle Foster
BACKGROUND: To investigate the performance and patient acceptability of an inhaler electronic monitoring device in a real-world childhood asthma population. METHODS: Children 6 to 15 years presenting with asthma to the hospital emergency department and prescribed inhaled corticosteroids were included. Participants were randomized to receive a device with reminder features enabled or disabled for use with their preventer. Device quality control tests were conducted...
April 24, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#5
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428706/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-morbid-obesity-to-sleeve-or-not-to-sleeve
#6
EDITORIAL
Fabrizio Rebecchi, Marco E Allaix, Marco G Patti, Francisco Schlottmann, Mario Morino
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has reached wide popularity during the last 15 years, due to the limited morbidity and mortality rates, and the very good weight loss results and effects on comorbid conditions. However, there are concerns regarding the effects of LSG on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The interpretation of the current evidence is challenged by the fact that the LSG technique is not standardized, and most studies investigate the presence of GERD by assessing symptoms and the use of acid reducing medications only...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412944/length-of-paediatric-inpatient-stay-socio-economic-status-and-hospital-configuration-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Michelle Heys, Matthew Rajan, Mitch Blair
BACKGROUND: Variation in paediatric inpatient length of stay exists - whether this is driven by differences in patient characteristics or health service delivery is unclear. We will test the hypotheses that higher levels of deprivation are associated with prolonged length of stay and that differences in prolonged length of stay across 2 hospitals will be explained by demographic, clinical and process factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 2889 children aged less than 16 years admitted from 1st April 2009 to 30(th) March 2010...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#8
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401998/early-discontinuation-of-antiseizure-medications-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#9
Mark P Fitzgerald, Sudha Kilaru Kessler, Nicholas S Abend
OBJECTIVE: Neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) managed with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) often experience acute symptomatic seizures, prompting treatment with antiseizure medications (ASMs). Because the risk of seizure occurrence after hospital discharge is unknown, the optimal ASM treatment duration is unclear. We aimed to determine the risk of seizure occurrence after hospital discharge and the impact of ASM treatment duration on this outcome. METHODS: We performed a single-center, retrospective study of consecutive neonates with HIE managed with TH who received ASMs for acute symptomatic seizures from June 2010 through December 2014...
April 12, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398220/antibiotic-loaded-mos-sub-2-sub-nanosheets-to-combat-bacterial-resistance-via-biofilms-inhibition
#10
Xu Zhang, Wentao Zhang, Lizhi Liu, Mei Yang, Lunjie Huang, Kai Chen, Rong Wang, Baowei Yang, Daohong Zhang, Jianlong Wang
The emergence of antibiotic resistance has resulted in an increasing difficulty treating clinical infections associated with biofilms formation, one of the key processes contributed to enhance antibiotic resistance in return. With the rapid development of nanotechnology, a new way to overcome antibiotic resistance was opened up. Based on multiple properties especially antibacterial potential of MoS<sub>2</sub> nanosheets that have aroused wide attention, herein, a novel antimicrobial agent to combat resistant gram-positive <i>Staphylococcus aureus (S...
April 11, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390671/the-fourth-trimester-a-critical-transition-period-with-unmet-maternal-health-needs
#11
Kristin P Tully, Alison M Stuebe, Sarah B Verbiest
After childbirth, most American women are not scheduled for follow-up care for 6 weeks, and this visit is poorly attended. Many new mothers feel unprepared for the common health issues they encounter and are uncertain of whom to contact. To improve care, the 4(th) Trimester Project is bringing together mothers, health care providers, and other stakeholders to explore what families need most from birth to 12 weeks postpartum. Eighty-seven individuals convened in March 2016 in Chapel Hill, NC. Four major topic areas emerged: (1) the intense focus on women's health prenatally is unbalanced by infrequent and late postpartum care; (2) medical practice guidelines often do not align with women's experiences and constraints; (3) validation of women as experts of their infants and elevating their strengths as mothers is necessary to achieve health goals; and (4) mothers need comprehensive care, which is difficult to provide because of numerous system constraints...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384888/perception-of-learning-environment-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-two-different-medical-schools-through-dreem-and-jhles-questionnaire
#12
Parama Sengupta, Abhishek Sharma, Nina Das
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of learning environment is essential to assess the acceptability of the curriculum among students. Several tools are available to assess undergraduate medical students' perception of learning environment. Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire is the most commonly used tool. Here, we have used both the widely used DREEM questionnaire and a relatively new questionnaire Johns Hopkins Learning Environment Scale (JHLES). AIM: Assessment of students' perception of learning environment of two eastern Indian medical schools using DREEM and JHLES questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382198/adverse-drug-reactions-in-therapeutic-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest
#13
Robert Witcher, Amy L Dzierba, Catherine Kim, Pamela L Smithburger, Sandra L Kane-Gill
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) improves survival and neurologic function in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. Many medications used to support TH have altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics during this treatment. It is unknown if or at what frequency the medications used during TH cause adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac arrest and treated with TH from January 2009 to June 2012 at two urban, university-affiliated, tertiary-care medical centres...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367300/renal-and-hepatic-functions-after-a-week-of-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-during-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#14
Ilaria Romito, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Attilio Tuscano, Gianluca Leanza, Giulia Musmeci, Vito Leanza, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Marco Antonio Palumbo
BACKGROUND: One the main aspects of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle is to avoid any possible systemic damage on women undergoing a controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). The aim of this work is to evaluate renal and hepatic function blood tests in patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation during IVF cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort analysis. All patients re- ceived a long stimulation protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues by daily administration, since the twenty-first day of the previous ovarian cycle followed by COH with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367180/effects-of-supervised-structured-aerobic-exercise-training-program-on-high-and-low-density-lipoprotein-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gillani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia are very common conditions among patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated with increased risk of coronary heart diseases. Physical activity and exercises along with medical management and dietary plan are common strategies to use for the management of deranged lipid profile in patients with T2DM. We aimed to determine the effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on high and low density lipoprotein in patients with T2DM...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367168/prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-its-association-with-anxiety-among-medical-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-in-riyadh
#16
Meshal Khaled Alaqeel, Nasser Abdullah Alowaimer, Anas Fahad Alonezan, Nawaf Yousef Almegbel, Fahad Yousef Alaujan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among medical students of King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) and to observe the association between anxiety and IBS. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study conducted during academic year 2015-2016 has used two self-administered, pre-validated questionnaires: Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) and Rome III criteria. The sample size was 270, and proportional allocation was used to determine distribution of this sample across study population based on percentages of students in each academic year...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365933/preoperative-assessment-in-endometrial-cancer-is-triage-for-lymphadenectomy-possible
#17
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Zacharoula Koukouli, Anastasia Bothou, Bachar Manav, George Iatrakis, Stefanos Zervoudis, George Galazios, Alexander Tobias Teichmann
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether a preoperative assessment with usual means, available in most hospitals (preoperative histology, pelvic MRI, serum CA-125) can confidently exclude from a full staging surgical procedure low-risk endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients according to ESMO-ESTRO-ESGO criteria (stage I endometrioid EC, grade 1 or 2, myometrial invasion <50% and negative lymphovascular space invasion). METHODS: We retrospectively identified all EC patients that underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TH-BSO) plus lymph node dissection (LND) as primary treatment for endometrioid tumors from January, 2000 to December, 2010...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363861/prevalence-and-predictors-of-chronic-postsurgical-pain-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jennifer A Rabbitts, Emma Fisher, Brittany N Rosenbloom, Tonya M Palermo
Emerging research suggests that pain may persist longer-term for many children after major surgery, with significant impact on their health outcomes. This systematic review identified the prevalence of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) in children after surgery, and determined presurgical biomedical and psychosocial risk factors associated with CPSP prevalence or severity. Prospective studies assessing CPSP 3-12 months after surgery in children 6-18 years of age published in English in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews since 1996 were eligible for inclusion...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362550/are-children-s-vitamin-d-levels-and-bmi-associated-with-antibody-titers-produced-in-response-to-2014-2015-influenza-vaccine
#19
Chyongchiou J Lin, Judith M Martin, Kelly Stefano Cole, Richard K Zimmerman, Michael Susick, Krissy K Moehling, Min Z Levine, Sarah Spencer, Brendan Flannery, Mary Patricia Nowalk
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is an immunomodulating hormone, which has been associated with susceptibility to infectious diseases. METHODS: Serum vitamin D levels in 135 children ages 3-17 y were measured at baseline and hemagglutinin influenza antibody titers were measured pre- and 21 d post influenza vaccination with live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) or inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV). Height and weight were derived from the electronic medical record and were used to calculate body mass index (BMI)...
March 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348998/effect-of-female-sex-hormones-on-cardiorespiratory-parameters
#20
Gayatri Godbole, A R Joshi, Savita M Vaidya
INTRODUCTION: Female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone regulate various phases of the menstrual cycle. Hormonal changes tend to affect various parameters of physical fitness. Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) is a measure of aerobic power. This study was planned to assess effect of different phases of menstrual cycle on cardiorespiratory parameters like pulse rate, respiratory rate and VO2 max. METHODS: 100 female medical students in the age group of 17-22 years were studied for three consecutive menstrual cycles...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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