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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301215/early-measures-for-school-hygiene-in-greece-between-nationalism-and-modernization-1890-1920
#1
Vassiliki Theodorou, Despina Karakatsani
Compared to other European and Balkan countries, the first institutions for the medical inspection of student health were established relatively late in Greece. Following several European and Balkan examples, Greek doctors and educators began an information campaign during the late 19(th) century to establish a School Medical Service. The Greek state's emerging interest in children's health was dependent upon a number of factors. Networks of experts played a considerable part in shaping a public discourse on childhood...
March 16, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299152/ebola-viral-disease-in-west-africa-a-threat-to-global-health-economy-and-political-stability
#2
Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke, Ibrahim Mohammed, Yauba Saidu
The West African sub-continent is currently experiencing its first, and ironically, the largest and longest Ebola viral diseases (EVD) outbreak ever documented in modern medical history. The current outbreak is significant in several ways, including longevity, magnitude of morbidity and mortality, occurrence outside the traditional niches, rapid spread and potential of becoming a global health tragedy. The authors provided explicit insights into the current and historical background, drivers of the epidemic, societal impacts, status of vaccines and drugs development and proffered recommendations to halt and prevent future occurrences...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298817/comparative-evaluation-of-coenzyme-q10-based-gel-and-0-8-hyaluronic-acid-gel-in-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis
#3
Varun Sharma, Rajan Gupta, Parveen Dahiya, Mukesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The anti-inflammatory and immune enhancing effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and hyaluronic acid are well established in medical literature. The present study was undertaken to evaluate their role in chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty sites in 24 patients with clinically confirmed periodontitis were included in the study. A split-mouth design was used for intrasulcular application of CoQ10 as adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP), 0...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289509/perinatal-risk-factors-in-newborns-with-gastrointestinal-perforation
#4
Sandra Prgomet, Boris Lukšić, Zenon Pogorelić, Ivo Jurić, Vesna Čapkun, Adela Arapović, Nataša Boban
AIM: To investigate correlation of perinatal risk factors in newborns with gastrointestinal perforation (GIP). METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1990 and December 2012. Medical records on all newborns with GIP were reviewed (n = 35). Surgical records and histopathologic examination of all perforated intestine samples were also reviewed. RESULTS: The most common cause of GIP was necrotizing enterocolitis (51...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286842/methyl-prednisolone-vs-dexamethasone-in-management-of-copd-exacerbation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Mohammad Emami Ardestani, Elham Kalantary, Vajihe Samaiy, Keramat Taherian
INTRODUCTION: Corticosteroids are routinely used in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation. The main purpose of present study was to compare the efficacy of methyl prednisolone (MP) and dexamethasone (DXM) for this purpose. METHODS: Adult COPD patients entered the present clinical trial. All patients received standard treatment on admission and were then divided into 2 groups of intravenous MP and DXM. Patients were asked to rate their shortness of breath; sputum volume and viscosity; dyspnea; cough; and general wellbeing on a 0-5 scale...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286812/20-day-trend-of-serum-potassium-changes-in-bam-earthquake-victims-with-crush-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Saeed Safari, Iraj Najafi, Mostafa Hosseini, Alireza Baratloo, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Hamidreza Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Many of those who survive following an earthquake die in the next phase due to preventable and treatable medical conditions such as hyperkalemia. The present study aimed to evaluate the trend of potassium changes in crush syndrome patients of Bam earthquake. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, using the database of Bam earthquake victims, which were developed by Iranian Society of Nephrology following Bam earthquake, Iran, 2003, the 20-day trend of potassium changes in > 15 years old crush syndrome patients was evaluated...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286621/variability-in-trauma-case-volume-in-orthopedic-surgery-residents
#7
Travis D Blood, Joseph A Gil, Christopher T Born, Alan H Daniels
Orthopedic trauma surgery is a critical component of resident education. Surgical case logs obtained from the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Students from 2009 to 2013 for orthopedic surgery residents were examined for variability between the 90(th) and 10(th) percentiles in regards to the volume of cases performed. There was an upward trend in the mean number of cases performed by senior residents from 484.4 in 2009 to 534.5 in 2013, representing a 10.3% increase. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of cases performed for humerus/elbow, forearm/wrist, and pelvis/hip during this period (P<0...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284907/minocycline-protects-rescues-and-prevents-knockdown-transgenic-parkin-drosophila-against-paraquat-iron-toxicity-implications-for-autosomic-recessive-juvenile-parkinsonism
#8
Hector Flavio Ortega-Arellano, Marlene Jimenez-Del-Rio, Carlos Velez-Pardo
Autosomal recessive Juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP) is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutation in the PARKIN gene, and invariably associated with dopaminergic (DAergic) neuronal loss and brain iron accumulation. Since current medical therapy is symptomatic and lacks significant disease-modifying effects, other treatment approaches are urgently needed it. In the present work, we investigate the role of minocycline (MC) in paraquat (PQ)/iron-induced neurotoxicity in the Drosophila TH>parkin-RNAi/+ (w[*]; UAS-parkin-RNAi; TH-GAL4) fly and have shown the following: (i) MC increased life span and restored the locomotor activity of knockdown (KD) transgenic parkin flies in comparison with the control (vehicle) group; (ii) MC at low (0...
March 8, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283372/influenza-vaccine-uptake-determinants-motivators-and-barriers-of-the-vaccine-receipt-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#9
H K Haridi, K A Salman, E A Basaif, D K Al-Skaibi
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is essential for patient safety, their own safety, and hospital operation. However, despite its strong recommendation, studies indicates a low rate of vaccine uptake. AIM: To assess rates of, and factors affecting, influenza vaccine uptake among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out during October 1(st) to 16(th), 2015, among HCWs in King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277879/crude-4-methylcyclohexanemethanol-mchm-did-not-cause-skin-irritation-in-humans-in-48-h-patch-test
#10
Andrew D Monnot, Rachel M Novick, Dennis J Paustenbach
Crude 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol (MCHM) is an industrial chemical used to wash and clean coal. On January 9th, 2014 approximately 10,000 gallons of a mixture containing crude MCHM were released into the Elk River near Charleston, West Virginia, contaminating the local water supply. Following the spill, residents reported numerous health complaints, and sought medical attention for ailments including rashes and itching. The relationship between the complaints and the spill were unknown, as such symptoms are reported frequently in the background...
March 13, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274221/effectiveness-of-a-community-paramedic-led-health-assessment-and-education-initiative-in-a-seniors-residence-building-the-community-health-assessment-program-through-emergency-medical-services-chap-ems
#11
G Agarwal, R Angeles, M Pirrie, F Marzanek, B McLeod, J Parascandalo, L Dolovich
BACKGROUND: Seniors living in subsidized housing have lower income, poorer health, and increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases and falls. Seniors also account for more than one third of calls to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). This study examines the effectiveness of the Community Health Assessment Program through EMS (CHAP-EMS) in reducing blood pressure, diabetes risk, and EMS calls. METHODS: Paramedics on modified duty (e.g. injured) conducted weekly, one-on-one drop-in sessions in a common area of one subsidized senior's apartment building in Hamilton, Ontario...
March 9, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270955/laparoscopic-one-stage-fowler-stephens-orchiopexy-preserving-gubernaculum
#12
Ali Naycı, Gökhan Berktuğ Bahadır, Cankat Erdoğan, Hakan Taşkınlar
OBJECTIVE: To assess gubernaculum-sparing laparoscopic one-stage Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO), in the management of high intrapelvic testis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical reports of boys who underwent laparoscopic one-stage FSO were retrospectively reviewed. High intrapelvic testis was defined as testis ≥3 cm away from ipsilateral internal ring. Testes were evaluated on physical examination at 3(rd), 6(th) and 18(th) months after surgery. Children were evaluated as for their demographic data, operative findings, interventional details and outcomes...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270097/factors-influencing-the-level-of-patients-using-the-internet-to-gather-information-before-anaesthesia-a-single-centre-survey-of-815-patients-in-switzerland-the-internet-for-patient-information-before-anaesthesia
#13
T Wieser, M P Steurer, M Steurer, A Dullenkopf
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to identify factors associated with patients using the internet to find information about their upcoming surgery in general, and more specifically about anaesthesia. METHODS: With Ethics committee approval, 1000 consecutive patients seen before elective surgery in the anaesthesia preoperative clinic of a Swiss Level 2 hospital were asked to complete a questionnaire. Primary outcome were patients using the internet to gather any medical information related to their upcoming hospital stay, secondary outcome patients using the internet to gather information regarding the upcoming anaesthesia...
March 8, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264619/advancements-in-pharmacotherapy-for-angina
#14
Ankur Jain, Islam Y Elgendy, Mohammad Al-Ani, Nayan Agarwal, Carl J Pepine
Angina pectoris is the most prevalent symptomatic manifestation of ischemic heart disease, frequently leads to a poor quality of life, and is a major cause of medical resource consumption. Since the early descriptions of nitrite and nitrate in the 19(th) century, there has been considerable advancement in the pharmacologic management of angina. Areas covered: Management of chronic angina is often challenging for clinicians. Despite introduction of several pharmacological agents in last few decades, a significant proportion of patients continue to experience symptoms (i...
March 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260987/prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-by-unconjugated-estriol-levels-in-maternal-serum
#15
Junguk Hur, Eun-Hee Cho, Kwang-Hyun Baek, Kyung Ju Lee
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal serum estriol levels, which are routinely measured in the first trimester of pregnancy, and adverse pregnancy outcomes including gestational diabetes. We performed a retrospective chart analysis of women who delivered between July 1, 2007, and December 31, 2009, at Kangnam CHA Medical Center in Seoul, Korea. Only patients with available estriol measurements during their pregnancies and complete follow-up data were included in the study. The effect of estriol on the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was examined using multinomial logistic regression analysis with age and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as covariates...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255742/werther-s-collection-of-medical-moulages
#16
Uwe Wollina, Gesina Hansel, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Maria Grazia Roccia, Massimo Fioranelli
Moulages are individualized wax models that were very popular as teaching aids in medicine during the 19(th) and until the first half of the 20(th) century. After a period of decline, moulages have become a subject of interest again in more recent times since they represent unique artifacts of art, craftsmanship, and medical history. Werther's collection at Dresden-Friedrichstadt Hospital was one of the most important in Dresden-the capital of Saxony-during the period before World War II. Some relicts have survived and have been restored...
March 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243426/trimester-pattern-of-change-and-reference-ranges-of-hematological-profile-among-sudanese-women-with-normal-pregnancy
#17
Duria A Rayis, Mohamed A Ahmed, Hafez Abdel-Moneim, Ishag Adam, Mohamed Faisal Lutfi
Trimester specific reference ranges of hematological indices were described in several populations; however, comparable reports among Sudanese women with normal pregnancy are lacking. To evaluate trimester pattern of change and reference ranges of hematological profile among Sudanese women with normal pregnancy, we followed 143 women with singleton gestation since early pregnancy until the third trimester in Saad Abu-Alela Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, during the period of January-December 2015. Obstetrics and medical history was gathered using questionnaire and hematological profile was investigated using hemo-analyser...
January 11, 2017: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238915/a-simply-prepared-small-diameter-artificial-blood-vessel-that-promotes-in-situ-endothelialization
#18
Hong-Feng Guo, Wei-Wei Dai, De-Hui Qian, Zhe-Xue Qin, Yan Lei, Xiao-Yu Hou, Can Wen
Synthetic grafts are of limited use in small-diameter vessels (Φ<6mm) due to the poor patency rate. The inability of such grafts to achieve early endothelialization together with the compliance mismatch between the grafts and the native vessels promote thrombosis, which eventually leads to graft occlusion. In the current study, stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-loaded polyurethane (PU) conduits were simply prepared via electrospinning. The mechanical property, drug release behavior and cytocompatibility of the conduits were investigated...
February 24, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237271/evidence-based-treatments-for-low-sexual-desire-in-women
#19
REVIEW
Lori A Brotto
Low sexual desire is the most common sexual complaint in women, with multinational studies finding that at least a third of women experience low sexual desire. No single etiology for the development of Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder, the diagnosis laid out by the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, has been established. There has been considerable interest in pharmacological approaches to improving low desire, and agents targeting a range of neurotransmitters have been examined...
February 22, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219677/nsqip-based-quality-improvement-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#20
Mary M Mrdutt, Claire L Isbell, Justin L Regner, Bonnie R Hodges, Yolanda Munoz-Maldonado, J Scott Thomas, Harry T Papaconstantinou
BACKGROUND: General surgery training has historically lacked a standardized approach to resident quality improvement (QI) education aside from traditional morbidity and mortality conference. In 2013, the ACGME formalized QI as a component of residency training. Our residency chose the NSQIP Quality In-Training Initiative (QITI) as the foundation for our QI training. We hypothesized that a focused curriculum based on outcomes would produce change in culture and improve the quality of patient care...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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