keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Drug studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232404/antioxidant-antiapoptotic-and-amino-acid-balance-regulating-activities-of-1-7-dihydroxy-3-4-8-trimethoxyxanthone-against-dimethylnitrosamine-induced-liver-fibrosis
#1
Xi-Yuan Zheng, Xin Zhao, Ying-Fan Yang, Han-Jie Jiang, Wan Li, Yi Sun, Xiao-Ping Pu
Liver fibrosis represents the consequences of a sustained wound healing response to chronic liver injury which could be caused by viral, autoimmune, drugs, and so on. Unfortunately, there was no effective therapy available for liver fibrosis in clinic. In this study, we identified the anti-fibrotic effects of 1,7-dihydroxy-3,4,8-trimethoxyxanthone (ZYC-1) on the dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced rat model. ZYC-1 was isolated from Swertia punicea Hemsl and was administrated to DMN-induced rat model. ZYC decreased the hyaluronic acid (HA), type IV collagen (CIV) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) levels and inhibited the expression of α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-1β)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232322/incidence-of-antidrug-antibodies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-argentina-treated-with-adalimumab-etanercept-or-infliximab-in-a-real-world-setting
#2
Pablo J Maid, Ricardo Xavier, Rosa M Real, Ron Pedersen, Qi Shen, Lisa Marshall, Gaston Solano, Cecilia Elena Borlenghi, Rodolfo Pardo Hidalgo
BACKGROUND: Biologic agents may induce immune responses that could impact drug action. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess antidrug antibodies (ADAs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Argentina treated with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab at a single visit and correlate it with efficacy outcomes. METHODS: In this subset analysis of a noninterventional, multinational, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473), adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6 to 24 months with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab were evaluated for ADAs and trough drug concentrations of 2 days or less prior to the next scheduled dose...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232282/selected-food-herb-drug-interactions-mechanisms-and-clinical-relevance
#3
Cecilia N Amadi, Amaka A Mgbahurike
BACKGROUND: Food/Herb-drug interactions have become a major problem in health care. These interactions can lead to loss of therapeutic efficacy or toxic effects of drugs. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: To probe the clinical relevance of such interactions, the impact of food/herb intake on the clinical effects of drug administration has to be evaluated. Failure to identify and efficiently manage food-drug interactions can lead to serious consequences. A comprehensive knowledge of the mechanisms that underpin variability in disposition will help optimize therapy...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232172/halo-202-randomized-phase-ii-study-of-pegph20-plus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-versus-nab-paclitaxel-gemcitabine-in-patients-with-untreated-metastatic-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#4
Sunil R Hingorani, Lei Zheng, Andrea J Bullock, Tara E Seery, William P Harris, Darren S Sigal, Fadi Braiteh, Paul S Ritch, Mark M Zalupski, Nathan Bahary, Paul E Oberstein, Andrea Wang-Gillam, Wilson Wu, Dimitrios Chondros, Ping Jiang, Sihem Khelifa, Jie Pu, Carrie Aldrich, Andrew E Hendifar
Purpose Metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is characterized by excessive hyaluronan (HA) accumulation in the tumor microenvironment, elevating interstitial pressure and impairing perfusion. Preclinical studies demonstrated pegvorhyaluronidase alfa (PEGPH20) degrades HA, thereby increasing drug delivery. Patients and Methods Patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to treatment with PEGPH20 plus nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (PAG) or nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine (AG)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232031/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-reported-adverse-events-of-long-term-intranasal-oxytocin-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Qizheng Cai, Lei Feng, Kai Zhen Yap
Recent studies suggested oxytocin as a possible drug to treat social deficits caused by Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), but the safety of intranasal oxytocin in autistic patients is not established. The aim of this review was to characterise the side effect profile of long-term intranasal oxytocin in treatment of ASD compared to placebo. All randomised controlled trials of intranasal oxytocin in the treatment of ASD published before 1 January 2017 that reported safety data were identified from databases including Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and International Pharmaceutical Abstract...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231979/otitis-media-with-effusion-in-the-boxer-a-report-of-seven-cases
#6
S Paterson
The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231948/a-tailored-nanosheet-decorated-with-a-metallized-dendrimer-for-angiography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-combined-chemotherapy
#7
Guilong Zhang, Ruohong Du, Junchao Qian, Xiaojia Zheng, Xiaohe Tian, Dongqing Cai, Jiacai He, Yiqun Wu, Wei Huang, Yuanyin Wang, Xin Zhang, Kai Zhong, Duohong Zou, Zhengyan Wu
Considering the chemical exchange between gadolinium centers and water protons, nanosystems comprising gadolinium conjugated with high specific area nanocarriers might serve as more robust clinical tools for diagnosis and imaging-guided therapy. Herein, a pH-responsive nanosystem containing graphene oxide conjugated with a folic acid- and gadolinium-labeled dendrimer (FA-GCGLD) to boost its T1 contrast ability was developed, and doxorubicin (DOX) and colchicine (COLC) were efficiently loaded onto this nanosystem (FA-GCGLD-DOX/COLC)...
December 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231195/hsd3b1-status-as-a-biomarker-of-androgen-deprivation-resistance-and-implications-for-prostate-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Daniel Hettel, Nima Sharifi
Patients with advanced prostate cancer who receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) almost invariably develop castration-resistant disease. The mechanism of resistance is largely based on synthesis of intratumoral androgens from adrenal precursors, requiring enzymatic action of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Δ5→4 isomerase 1 (3β-HSD1), encoded by HSD3B1. A nucleotide polymorphism (1245A>C) in HSD3B1 results in a protein variant with increased steady-state levels and subsequently increased androgen synthesis from extragonadal precursors...
December 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231123/urinary-protein-biomarkers-of-kidney-injury-in-patients-receiving-cisplatin-chemotherapy
#9
Blessy George, Melanie S Joy, Lauren M Aleksunes
Despite recent progress in the development of novel approaches to treat cancer, traditional antineoplastic drugs, such as cisplatin, remain a mainstay of regimens targeting solid tumors. Use of cisplatin is limited by acute kidney injury, which occurs in approximately 30% of patients. Current clinical measures, such as serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate, are inadequate in their ability to detect acute kidney injury, particularly when there is only a moderate degree of injury. Thus, there is an urgent need for improved diagnostic biomarkers to predict nephrotoxicity...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231073/pelargonium-sidoides-preparation-eps-7630-in-copd-health-related-quality-of-life-and-other-patient-reported-outcomes-in-adults-receiving-add-on-therapy
#10
Heinrich Matthys, Petra Funk
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) such as health-related quality of life (HRQL) belong to the most important criteria for the evaluation of medical therapies in clinical trials or practice-based benefit assessments. We therefore revisited results of an earlier published clinical trial investigating the effects of the herbal drug preparation from the roots of Pelargonium sidoides EPs 7630, administered as add-on therapy in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with respect to HRQL and other PRO...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230923/primary-antifungal-prophylaxis-decrease-of-invasive-fungal-disease-incidence-and-reduction-of-risk-factors-in-hematological-patients-in-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#11
Yan Li, Mingjuan Liu, Bing Zhai, Xiaoli Zhao, Lijun Wang, Honghua Li, Shuhong Wang, Haiyan Zhu, Quanshun Wang, Chunji Gao, Wenrong Huang, Li Yu
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and rationality of primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP) in a 5-year real life setting and choose an appropriate PAP strategy. METHODS: Clinical data of patients were retrospectively reviewed and IFD was diagnosed using the revised diagnostic criteria. The efficacy of PAP and the risk factors for IFD, especially the rationality of PAP, were evaluated...
December 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230891/linking-individual-level-data-on-diagnoses-and-dispensing-for-research-on-antibiotic-use-evaluation-of-a-novel-data-source-from-english-secondary-care
#12
Patrick Rockenschaub, David Ansell, Laura Shallcross
PURPOSE: There has been a focus on stewardship programmes to curb inappropriate antibiotic prescribing and reduce antimicrobial resistance. In-hospital, patient-level prescribing linked to indication is needed to support surveillance, evaluation of stewardship initiatives, as well as other antibiotic research. We evaluated whether a novel dataset linking hospital pharmacy records to Hospital Episode Statistics data can be used for antibiotic research. METHODS: Using the Hospital Treatment Insights (HTI) database, which links Hospital Episode Statistics to pharmacy records from 43 out of 153 hospital trusts in England, we estimated the proportion of missed linkage and identified characteristics associated with missing data...
December 12, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230684/imipenem-relebactam-and-meropenem-vaborbactam-two-novel-carbapenem-%C3%AE-lactamase-inhibitor-combinations
#13
REVIEW
George G Zhanel, Courtney K Lawrence, Heather Adam, Frank Schweizer, Sheryl Zelenitsky, Michael Zhanel, Philippe R S Lagacé-Wiens, Andrew Walkty, Andrew Denisuik, Alyssa Golden, Alfred S Gin, Daryl J Hoban, Joseph P Lynch, James A Karlowsky
Relebactam (formerly known as MK-7655) is a non-β-lactam, bicyclic diazabicyclooctane, β-lactamase inhibitor that is structurally related to avibactam, differing by the addition of a piperidine ring to the 2-position carbonyl group. Vaborbactam (formerly known as RPX7009) is a non-β-lactam, cyclic, boronic acid-based, β-lactamase inhibitor. The structure of vaborbactam is unlike any other currently marketed β-lactamase inhibitor. Both inhibitors display activity against Ambler class A [including extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs)] and class C β-lactamases (AmpC)...
December 12, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230672/the-role-of-b-cell-maturation-antigen-in-the-biology-and-management-of-and-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-multiple-myeloma
#14
Eric Sanchez, Emily J Smith, Moryel A Yashar, Saurabh Patil, Mingjie Li, Autumn L Porter, Edward J Tanenbaum, Remy E Schlossberg, Camilia M Soof, Tara Hekmati, George Tang, Cathy S Wang, Haiming Chen, James R Berenson
B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) was originally identified as a cell membrane receptor, expressed exclusively on late stage B-cells and plasma cells (PCs). Investigations of BCMA as a target for therapeutic intervention in multiple myeloma (MM) were initiated in 2007, using cSG1 as a naked antibody (Ab) as well as an Ab-drug conjugate (ADC) targeting BCMA, ultimately leading to ongoing clinical studies for previously treated MM patients. Since then, multiple companies have developed anti-BCMA-directed ADCs...
December 11, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230567/cancer-nanomedicine-a-review-of-recent-success-in-drug-delivery
#15
REVIEW
Stephanie Tran, Peter-Joseph DeGiovanni, Brandon Piel, Prakash Rai
Cancer continues to be one of the most difficult global healthcare problems. Although there is a large library of drugs that can be used in cancer treatment, the problem is selectively killing all the cancer cells while reducing collateral toxicity to healthy cells. There are several biological barriers to effective drug delivery in cancer such as renal, hepatic, or immune clearance. Nanoparticles loaded with drugs can be designed to overcome these biological barriers to improve efficacy while reducing morbidity...
December 11, 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230325/a-study-on-knowledge-awareness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-hypertension-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-sri-lanka
#16
S Pirasath, T Kumanan, M Guruparan
Objective: To assess the patient's knowledge and awareness about hypertension and adherence to antihypertensive medication among hypertensive patients with validated Morisky questionnaires in a tertiary care centre of northern Sri Lanka. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive comparative study was carried out at Teaching Hospital Jaffna, from January 2017 to April 2017. Hypertensive patients were recruited by systematic randomized controlled sampling and interviewed with validated Morisky questionnaires to assess their knowledge about hypertension...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230179/transplacental-nutrient-transport-mechanisms-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rodent-models-and-humans
#17
REVIEW
Elke Winterhager, Alexandra Gellhaus
Although the causes of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have been intensively investigated, important information is still lacking about the role of the placenta as a link from adverse maternal environment to adverse pregnancy outcomes of IUGR and preterm birth. IUGR is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases later in life. Determination of the most important pathways that regulate transplacental transport systems is necessary for identifying marker genes as diagnostic tools and for developing drugs that target the molecular pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230122/the-role-of-checkpoint-inhibition-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Jonathan Lu, Robert A Ramirez
Background: The development of immune checkpoint inhibitors has revolutionized the treatment of cancer. Their use in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains in its infancy, but rapid progress has been made in treating metastatic NSCLC. Methods: This article outlines the role of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of malignancy and reviews clinical trials of novel immunotherapies in the setting of metastatic NSCLC. Results: Traditional chemotherapy with a platinum-based doublet has long been the backbone in the treatment of metastatic NSCLC...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229891/cost-effectiveness-of-oral-agents-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-compared-to-interferon-based-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Mai F Alsaqa'aby, Varun Vaidya, Noura Khreis, Thamer Al Khairallah, Ahmed H Al-Jedai
BACKGROUND: Promising clinical and humanistic outcomes are associated with the use of new oral agents in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). This is the first cost-effectiveness study comparing these medications in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of fingolimod, teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate, and interferon (IFN)-b1a products (Avonex and Rebif) as first-line therapies in the treatment of patients with RRMS from a Saudi payer perspective...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229778/structural-and-functional-insights-into-the-role-of-bamd-and-bame-within-the-%C3%AE-barrel-assembly-machinery-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#20
Aleksandra E Sikora, Igor H Wierzbicki, Ryszard A Zielke, Rachael F Ryner, Konstantin V Korotkov, Susan K Buchanan, Nicholas Noinaj
The β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) is a conserved multi-component protein complex responsible for the biogenesis of β-barrel outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in Gram-negative bacteria. Given its role in the production of OMPs for survival and pathogenesis, BAM represents an attractive target for the development of therapeutic interventions including drugs and vaccines against multi-drug resistant bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae The first structure of BamA, the central component of BAM, was from N...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
keyword
keyword
112435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"