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C Guruchaithanya Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Maureen E Czick, Christine L Shapter, David I Silverman
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent arrhythmia in the world, due both to its tenacious treatment resistance, and to the tremendous number of risk factors that set the stage for the atria to fibrillate. Cardiopulmonary, behavioral, and psychological risk factors generate electrical and structural alterations of the atria that promote reentry and wavebreak. These culminate in fibrillation once atrial ectopic beats set the arrhythmia process in motion. There is growing evidence that chronic stress can physically alter the emotion centers of the limbic system, changing their input to the hypothalamic-limbic-autonomic network that regulates autonomic outflow...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
M K Arevalo, J C Prieto, N Cost, G Nuss, B J Brown, L A Baker
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic pediatric ureterocele has diverse manifestations, making evidence-based management impractical. Thus, detailed visualization of ureterocele anatomy prior to first surgical incision is invaluable. Retrograde ureterocelogram (RUC) is a simple, underutilized radiologic technique that can be performed during cystoscopy. This study sought to determine whether RUC changes surgical management by more accurately depicting the complex ureteral and ureterocele anatomy, compared with renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Christoph Maier, Jörg Friedrich, Hugo Katus, Hartmut Dickhaus
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the applicability of a method to screen overnight Holter-ECGs for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in an unselected clinical routine Holter sample. METHODS: Holter-ECG recordings in 50 cardiologic inpatients were complemented with nocturnal respiratory polygraphy (PG). The respiratory event index (REI) and apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) from the PG served as a reference for an ECG-derived SDB severity estimate using a previously developed method...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Electrocardiology
Matthew C Hyman, David J Callans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Circulation
Masato Okada, Akio Hirata, Kazunori Kashiwase, Yasuharu Takeda, Takayoshi Nemoto, Koshi Matsuo, Keisuke Ueno, Yuji Nishimoto, Ryuta Sugihara, Ayaka Murakami, Yasunori Ueda, Yoshio Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Dissociated pulmonary vein activity (DPVA), defined as isolated intrinsic ectopic beats observed after successful pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, indicates the presence of remnant foci of trigger ectopy but has yet to be extensively studied. We investigated the correlation between DPVA and the PV triggers of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHOD AND RESULTS: Consecutive 110 patients undergoing AF ablation were enrolled. We defined trigger ectopy as documented ectopic foci observed to spontaneously initiate AF...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
L Senescende, P L Bitolog, E Auberger, A Zarzavadjian Le Bian, M Cesaretti
PURPOSE: Adrenal ectopy is a rare condition, caused by abnormal embryological development of the adrenal glands and testis. This anomaly is asymptomatic and is generally diagnosed in childhood. Most cases of adrenal ectopy of the groin region have been found incidentally during surgery. This review aims to evaluate the incidence of adrenal ectopy of the adult groin region, as well as its short- and long-term significance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Central databases to identify all studies published until December 2015...
September 6, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Louisa Malcolme-Lawes, Belinda C Sandler, Markus B Sikkel, Phang Boon Lim, Prapa Kanagaratnam
The autonomic nervous system is implicated in the multifactorial pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF) but few studies have attempted neural targeting for therapeutic intervention. We have demonstrated that short bursts of stimulation, at specific sites of left atrial ganglionated plexi (GPs), trigger fibrillation-inducing atrial ectopy and importantly continuous stimulation of these sites may not induce AV block, the 'conventional' marker used to locate GPs. We have shown that these ectopy-triggering GP (ET-GP) sites are anatomically stable and can be rendered inactive by either ablation at the site or by ablation between the site and the adjacent pulmonary vein (PV)...
August 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Francisco Contijoch, Srikant Kamesh Iyer, James J Pilla, Paul Yushkevich, Joseph H Gorman, Robert C Gorman, Harold Litt, Yuchi Han, Walter R T Witschey
PURPOSE: Develop self-gated MRI for distinct heartbeat morphologies in subjects with arrhythmias. METHODS: Golden angle radial data was obtained in seven sinus and eight arrhythmias subjects. An image-based cardiac navigator was derived from single-shot images, distinct beat types were identified, and images were reconstructed for repeated morphologies. Image sharpness, contrast, and volume variation were quantified and compared with self-gated MRI. Images were scored for image quality and artifacts...
August 31, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Alex Y Tan, Kenneth Ellenbogen
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia is often considered a benign form of ventricular arrhythmia in patients without apparent structural heart disease. However, a subset of patients may develop malignant ventricular arrhythmias and present with syncope and sudden cardiac arrest. Survivors of cardiac arrest are candidates for implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs). The indications for ICDs in patients with less than a full-blown cardiac arrest presentation but with electrocardiographically high-risk ectopy features remain uncertain...
September 2016: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
Nieves Gomez-Hurtado, Nicole J Boczek, Dmytro O Kryshtal, Christopher N Johnson, Jennifer Sun, Florentin R Nitu, Razvan L Cornea, Walter J Chazin, Melissa L Calvert, David J Tester, Michael J Ackerman, Björn C Knollmann
BACKGROUND: Calmodulin (CaM) mutations are associated with severe forms of long QT syndrome and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). CaM mutations are found in 13% of genotype-negative long QT syndrome patients, but the prevalence of CaM mutations in genotype-negative CPVT patients is unknown. Here, we identify and characterize CaM mutations in 12 patients with genotype-negative but clinically diagnosed CPVT. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed mutational analysis of CALM1, CALM2, and CALM3 gene-coding regions, in vitro measurement of CaM-Ca(2+) (Ca)-binding affinity, ryanodine receptor 2-CaM binding, Ca handling, L-type Ca current, and action potential duration...
August 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Julia Rohayem, Hendrik Drechsel, Bettina Tittel, Gabriele Hahn, Roland Pfaeffle, Angela Huebner
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has been used to treat children with GH deficiency (GHD) since 1966. AIMS: Using a combined retrospective and cross-sectional approach, we explored the long-term outcomes of patients with GHD, analysed factors influencing therapeutic response, determined persistence into adulthood, investigated pituitary morphology, and screened for mutations in causative genes. METHODS: The files of 96 GH-deficient children were reviewed...
2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Radek Frič, Per Kristian Eide
OBJECTIVE Several lines of evidence suggest common pathophysiological mechanisms in Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). It has been hypothesized that tonsillar ectopy, a typical finding in CMI, is the result of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) combined with a developmentally small posterior cranial fossa (PCF). To explore this hypothesis, the authors specifically investigated whether ICP is comparable in CMI and IIH and whether intracranial volumes (ICVs) are different in patients with CMI and IIH, which could explain the tonsillar ectopy in CMI...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jan Novak, Alessandro Zorzi, Silvia Castelletti, Antonis Pantasis, Ilaria Rigato, Domenico Corrado, William Mckenna, Pier D Lambiase
AIMS: The differentiation between idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias and early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) can be challenging. We aimed to assess whether QRS morphological features and coupling interval of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) can improve differentiation between the two conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty desmosomal-gene mutation carriers (13 females, mean age 43 years) with no or mild ARVC phenotypic expression and 33 age- and sex-matched subjects with idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias were studied...
June 23, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Daniel Scherer, Claudia Seyler, Panagiotis Xynogalos, Eberhard P Scholz, Dierk Thomas, Johannes Backs, Martin Andrassy, Mirko Völkers, Christoph A Karle, Hugo A Katus, Edgar Zitron
BACKGROUND: Cardiac inwardly rectifying Kir current (IK1) mediates terminal repolarisation and is critical for the stabilization of the diastolic membrane potential. Its predominant molecular basis in mammalian ventricle is heterotetrameric assembly of Kir2.1 and Kir2.2 channel subunits. It has been shown that PKC inhibition of IK1 promotes focal ventricular ectopy. However, the underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated to date. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Xenopus oocyte expression system, we observed a pronounced PKC-induced inhibition of Kir2...
2016: PloS One
X Tang, J Yu, Y Li, X Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Marcus Wieczorek, Reinhard Hoeltgen
BACKGROUND: Ventricular ectopy (VE) originating in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is a common arrhythmia. Mechanisms triggering or eliminating VE from RVOT are not entirely understood. CASE REPORT: A patient with frequent, symptomatic VE underwent an electrophysiologic study: VE origin was mapped by NavX 3D navigation. Incidental pressure applied manually to the sternum reproducibly eliminated VE for the time of exposure. RF-Ablation was successfully performed in the posterior RVOT...
May 16, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Preman Kumarathurai, Mette R Mouridsen, Nick Mattsson, Bjørn S Larsen, Olav W Nielsen, Thomas A Gerds, Ahmad Sajadieh
AIMS: The risk of incident atrial fibrillation (AF) can be estimated by clinical parameters in the Framingham AF risk model. Elevated N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and increased rate of premature atrial contractions (PACs) have been shown to be associated with AF, but the additive value of both of these biomarkers in the Framingham AF risk model has not been fully examined. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 646 subjects from the Copenhagen Holter Study (mean age 64...
May 18, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Stephen P Chelko, Angeliki Asimaki, Peter Andersen, Djahida Bedja, Nuria Amat-Alarcon, Deeptankar DeMazumder, Ravirasmi Jasti, Calum A MacRae, Remo Leber, Andre G Kleber, Jeffrey E Saffitz, Daniel P Judge
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is characterized by redistribution of junctional proteins, arrhythmias, and progressive myocardial injury. We previously reported that SB216763 (SB2), annotated as a GSK3β inhibitor, reverses disease phenotypes in a zebrafish model of ACM. Here, we show that SB2 prevents myocyte injury and cardiac dysfunction in vivo in two murine models of ACM at baseline and in response to exercise. SB2-treated mice with desmosome mutations showed improvements in ventricular ectopy and myocardial fibrosis/inflammation as compared with vehicle-treated (Veh-treated) mice...
April 21, 2016: JCI Insight
Leroy C Joseph, Prakash Subramanyam, Christopher Radlicz, Chad M Trent, Vivek Iyer, Henry M Colecraft, John P Morrow
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and obesity are associated with an increased risk of arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Abnormal lipid accumulation is observed in cardiomyocytes of obese and diabetic patients, which may contribute to arrhythmia, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. A transgenic mouse model of cardiac lipid overload, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARg) cardiac overexpression mouse, has long QT and increased ventricular ectopy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that the increase in ventricular ectopy during cardiac lipid overload is caused by abnormalities in calcium handling due to increased mitochondrial oxidative stress...
August 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
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