keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk calculator cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214400/association-between-bisphosphonate-therapy-and-outcomes-from-rehabilitation-in-older-people
#1
James A Goodbrand, Lloyd D Hughes, Lynda Cochrane, Peter T Donnan, Mark McGilchrist, Helen Frost, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate therapy may have actions beyond bone, including effects on cardiovascular, immune and muscle function. We tested whether bisphosphonate treatment is associated with improved outcomes in older people undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected, linked routine clinical datasets. Participants were divided into never users of bisphosphonates, use prior to rehabilitation only, use after rehabilitation only, and current users (use before and after rehabilitation)...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214002/relation-between-ventricular-premature-complexes-and-incident-heart-failure
#2
Vratika Agarwal, Eric Vittinghoff, Isaac R Whitman, Thomas A Dewland, Jonathan W Dukes, Gregory M Marcus
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) may represent a reversible cause of heart failure (HF); however, the type of patients most prone remains unknown. This study leverages a large population-based database to examine interactions that might prove clinically useful in risk-stratifying patients with VPCs. We used the California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to identify patients with VPCs and incident systolic HF from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2009. We calculated hazard ratios for predictors of incident systolic HF using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213199/cardiovascular-risk-in-different-obesity-phenotypes-over-a-decade-follow-up-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#3
Bita Mirzaei, Hengameh Abdi, Sara Serahati, Maryam Barzin, Mahtab Niroomand, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Considering the inconsistent data available on cardiovascular (CV) risk of different obesity phenotypes, the aim of this study was to investigate the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in different obesity phenotypes over a median follow-up of 12 years. METHODS: In this large population-based cohort, 7842 participants (44.8% men), aged ≥ 30 years, were enrolled. Participants were divided into six phenotypes based on body mass index and metabolic status...
February 3, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208120/cardiovascular-complications-of-hiv-infection
#4
Marshall J Glesby
HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk for cardiovascular events. Widely used cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators to determine indications for statin treatment are not well validated for use in the HIV-infecte population. Some experts advocate including HIV infection as an independent risk factor for CVD. The effects of antiretroviral therapy on lipid profiles and the potentially increased risk for cardiovascular events must be taken into account when selecting treatment for HIV-infected individuals...
December 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197971/abnormal-ankle-brachial-index-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-or-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Hai-Yan Chen, Fang Wei, Li-Hua Wang, Zhe Wang, Jia Meng, Hai-Bo Yu, Rui-Ning Zhang, Gui-Jiang Sun, Ai-Li Jiang, Lin Wang
Prognostic role of ankle-brachial index (ABI) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. We aimed to evaluate whether abnormal ABI was an independent predictor of cardiovascular or all-cause mortality in CKD patients with or without hemodialysis by conducting a meta-analysis. We systematically searched Pubmed and Embase databases for prospective observational studies that investigated baseline abnormal ABI and subsequent cardiovascular or all-cause mortality risk in CKD patients with or without hemodialysis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193605/potential-deaths-averted-and-serious-adverse-events-incurred-from-adoption-of-the-sprint-intensive-blood-pressure-regimen-in-the-u-s-projections-from-nhanes
#6
Adam P Bress, Holly Kramer, Rasha Khatib, Srinivasan Beddhu, Alfred K Cheung, Rachel Hess, Vinod K Bansal, Guichan Cao, Jerry Yee, Andrew E Moran, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Paul Muntner, Richard S Cooper
Background -The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) demonstrated a 27% reduction in all-cause mortality with a systolic blood-pressure (SBP) goal of <120 mmHg versus <140 mmHg among U.S. adults at high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk but without diabetes, stroke, or heart failure. To quantify the potential benefits and risks of SPRINT intensive goal implementation, we estimated the deaths prevented and excess serious adverse events (SAEs) incurred if the SPRINT intensive SBP treatment goal was implemented in all eligible U...
February 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190759/temporal-trends-in-sudden-cardiac-death-from-1997-to-2010-a-data-linkage-study
#7
Jia-Li Feng, Lee Nedkoff, Matthew Knuiman, Christopher Semsarian, Jodie Ingles, Tom Briffa, Siobhan Hickling
BACKGROUND: Community-wide trends data for sudden cardiac death (SCD) are scarce, unlike widely reported declines in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Using administrative data, we aimed to examine population-level trends in SCD, stratified by sex, age and prior CVD hospitalisation. METHODS: Person-linked mortality and hospital morbidity data were used to identify SCD and determine hospitalisation and comorbidity using a 10-year hospitalisation lookback period...
January 17, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190747/effect-of-statins-as-a-secondary-chemopreventive-agent-among-individuals-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#8
Patrick O Richard, Ardalan E Ahmad, Shaheena Bashir, Robert J Hamilton, Robert K Nam, Ricardo Leao, Claudio Jeldres, Girish S Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is especially prevalent among the elderly. Many patients with NMIBC also have significant concomitant comorbidities, including cardiovascular diseases and hypercholesterolemia. Statins are the most commonly used cholesterol-depleting agents, and they may possess anticancer properties. The objective of this population-based study was to evaluate the effect of statins on the survival of individuals diagnosed with NMIBC. METHODS: This is a retrospective population-based cohort study that used administrative databases to identify individuals 66 years of age and older who were diagnosed with NMIBC between 1992 and 2012...
February 9, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185214/prevention-of-cardiovascular-complications-in-patients-with-lp-a-hyperlipoproteinemia-and-progressive-cardiovascular-disease-by-long-term-lipoprotein-apheresis-according-to-german-national-guidelines
#9
Reinhard Klingel, Andreas Heibges, Cordula Fassbender
Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor playing a causal role for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is a safe well-tolerated outpatient treatment to lower LDL-C and Lp(a) by 60-70%, and is the ultimate escalating therapeutic option in patients with hyperlipoproteinemias (HLP) involving LDL particles. Major therapeutic effect of LA is preventing cardiovascular events. Lp(a)-HLP associated with progressive CVD has been approved as indication for regular LA in Germany since 2008...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179220/modifiable-risk-factors-versus-age-on-developing-high-predicted-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-blacks
#10
Adam P Bress, Lisandro D Colantonio, John N Booth, Tanya M Spruill, Joseph Ravenell, Mark Butler, Amanda J Shallcross, Samantha R Seals, Kristi Reynolds, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend using predicted atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk to inform treatment decisions. The objective was to compare the contribution of changes in modifiable risk factors versus aging to the development of high 10-year predicted ASCVD risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective follow-up was done of the Jackson Heart Study, an exclusively black cohort at visit 1 (2000-2004) and visit 3 (2009-2012). Analyses included 1115 black participants without high 10-year predicted ASCVD risk (<7...
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174193/age-specific-trends-in-incidence-mortality-and-comorbidities-of-heart-failure-in-denmark-1995-2012
#11
Mia N Christiansen, Lars Køber, Peter Weeke, Ramachandran S Vasan, Jørgen L Jeppesen, J Gustav Smith, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Charlotte Andersson
BACKGROUND: -The cumulative burden and importance of cardiovascular risk factors have changed over the last decades. Specifically, obesity rates have increased among younger people, whereas cardiovascular health has improved in the elderly. Little is known regarding how these changes have impacted the incidence and the mortality rates of heart failure. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the age-specific trends in the incidence and 1-year mortality rates following a first time diagnosis of heart failure in Denmark between 1995 and 2012...
February 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167497/cardiovascular-diseases-and-risk-factor-burden-in-urban-and-rural-communities-in-high-middle-and-low-income-regions-of-china-a%C3%A2-large-community-based-epidemiological-study
#12
Ruohua Yan, Wei Li, Lu Yin, Yang Wang, Jian Bo
BACKGROUND: Most cardiovascular diseases occur in low- and middle-income regions of the world, but the socioeconomic distribution within China remains unclear. Our study aims to investigate whether the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases differs among high-, middle-, and low-income regions of China and to explore the reasons for the disparities. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 46 285 individuals from 115 urban and rural communities in 12 provinces across China between 2005 and 2009...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165208/offspring-birthweight-by-gestational-age-and-parental-cardiovascular-mortality-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
N-H Morken, F Halland, L A DeRoo, A J Wilcox, R Skjaerven
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risk of parental cardiovascular disease mortality by offspring birthweight. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Norwegian mothers and fathers with singleton births during 1967-2002 were followed until 2009 by linkage to the Norwegian cause of death registry. METHODS: Hazard ratios by offspring absolute birthweight in grams and birthweight adjusted for gestational age (z-score) were calculated using Cox regression and adjusted for parental age at delivery and year of first birth...
February 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164009/infarct-related-artery-only-versus-complete-revascularization-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multi-vessel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Santhosh R Devarapally, Sameer Arora
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) focused update on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) only gives a class II b (weak) indication for non-infarct artery intervention at the time of primary PCI. Recent randomized controlled trials, however, suggest strong evidence supporting complete revascularization. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane central register for randomized controlled trials comparing complete versus infarct artery (IRA) only revascularization in patients with STEMI...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161883/chads2-cha2ds2-vasc-and-r2chads2-scores-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Fang-Yang Huang, Bao-Tao Huang, Xiao-Bo Pu, Yong Yang, Shi-Jian Chen, Tian-Li Xia, Yi-Yue Gui, Yong Peng, Rui-Shuang Liu, Yuanweixiang Ou, Fei Chen, Ye Zhu, Mao Chen
Few studies to date address the predictive ability of CHA2DS2-VASc and R2CHADS2 in CAD patients. Our aim is to investigate the prognostic performance of CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc and R2CHADS2 scores in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Angiographically obstructive CAD patients were enrolled. The prognostic performance of the three risk scores was evaluated using Cox hazards models. In addition, we compared their predictive values by calculating C statistics, net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI)...
February 4, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157063/safe-excipient-exposure-in-neonates-and-small-children-protocol-for-the-seen-project
#16
Kristine Svinning Valeur, Steen Axel Hertel, Kaare Engell Lundstrøm, Helle Holst
INTRODUCTION: The pharmacokinetics of excipients in neonates differs from that of older children. In a recent pan--European survey, two thirds of neonates received at least one potentially harmful excipient, such as ethanol and benzoates. The content of sweeteners varied by route of administration (more common by enteral than parenteral route), and regional differences were revealed. The survey did not identify if the content of excipients was more pronounced in medications prescribed for specific medical diseases, e...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156256/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-28-000-employees
#17
Martin Scheerbaum, Constantin Langenbach, Petra Scheerbaum, Franziska Heidemann, Henrik C Riess, Hagen Heigel, Sebastian E Debus, Christian-Alexander Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Germany. The knowledge of causal risk factors and their distribution is of utmost importance to design screening programs. PROBANDS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study design we used STROBE criteria to achieve the highest comparability possible. Anthropometric measures (height and weight), total cholesterol, glucose level, and blood pressure were measured. Probands' history was collected by using a standardized questionnaire...
February 3, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155318/weight-status-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-people-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-rural-dikgale-limpopo-south-africa
#18
Felistas Mashinya, Marianne Alberts, Robert Colebunders, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Underweight in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) complicates the management of HIV infection and contributes to mortality, whereas overweight increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIM: The study determined weight status and associated factors in people with HIV infection receiving ART. SETTING: Rural primary health care clinics in Dikgale, Limpopo province, South Africa...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155102/stratification-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validity-of-the-2mace-score
#19
Anna E Platek, Filip M Szymanski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Alicja Dudzik-Plocica, Bartosz Krzowski, Grzegorz Karpinski
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is critically important because this group is at high risk of mortality and morbidity. One of the comorbidities potentially affecting thromboembolic and total cardiovascular risk is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to determine whether or not patients with atrial fibrillation and concomitant obstructive sleep apnea have a higher predicted cardiovascular risk than those without sleep-disordered breathing...
February 2, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151862/a-lower-baseline-glomerular-filtration-rate-predicts-high-mortality-and-newly-cerebrovascular-accidents-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#20
Kai Dong, Xiaoqin Huang, Qian Zhang, Zhipeng Yu, Jianping Ding, Haiqing Song
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is gradually recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and cardio-/cerebrovascular disease. This study aimed to examine the association of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and clinical outcomes at 3 months after the onset of ischemic stroke in a hospitalized Chinese population.Totally, 972 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled into this study. Modified of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations were used to calculate eGFR and define CKD...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
11242
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"