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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534657/body-mass-index-is-inversely-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-chinese-adults-with-primary-hypertension-results-from-the-china-stroke-primary-prevention-trial-csppt
#1
Mohetaboer Momin, Jian-Ping Li, Yan Zhang, Fang-Fang Fan, Xi-Ping Xu, Xin Xu, Bin-Yan Wang, Wen-Bin Yang, Li-Ling Xie, Yong Huo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the presence of arterial stiffness in rural-dwelling Chinese adults with primary hypertension. METHODS: Primary hypertension patients (n = 19,375) receiving an average of 4.5 years of antihypertension therapy were selected from the Chinese Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (mean age: 64.7 ± 7.4 years, male: 37.8%). Anthropometric, demographic, hemodynamic, and biochemical data were obtained...
May 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531895/arterial-stiffness-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-anemia-after-percutaneous-native-kidney-biopsy
#2
Keiko Tanaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Toshio Yamanari, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Koki Mise, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito A Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bleeding is the most common complication after renal biopsy. Although numerous predictors of bleeding have been reported, it remains unclear whether arterial stiffness affects bleeding complications. METHOD: We performed an observational study of the renal biopsies performed in our division over an approximately 6-year period (May 2010 to May 2016). The clinical and laboratory factors were analyzed to reveal the risk factors associated with bleeding, with a focus on anemia (defined as a ≥10% decrease in hemoglobin [Hb] after biopsy)...
May 25, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528401/cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-are-associated-with-declining-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
Sara J Jenks, Bryan R Conway, Stela McLachlan, Wei Leng Teoh, Rachel M Williamson, David J Webb, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Mark W J Strachan, Jackie F Price
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated whether biochemical cardiovascular risk factors and/or markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease were associated with the development of reduced renal function in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cohort of 1066 Scottish men and women aged 60-74 years with type 2 diabetes from the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study were followed up for a median of 6.7 years. New-onset reduced renal function was defined as two eGFRs <60 ml(-1) min(-1) (1...
May 20, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526782/acute-impact-of-drinking-coffee-on-the-cerebral-and-systemic-vasculature
#4
Takuro Washio, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Shigehiko Ogoh
Previous studies have suggested that the risk of ischemic stroke increases immediately after drinking coffee. Indeed, drinking coffee, that is, caffeine, acutely increases arterial stiffness as well as blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. On the other hand, it has been reported that arterial stiffening is associated with elevation in the pulsatility index (PI) of cerebral blood flow (CBF), which increases the risk of brain disease. However, the effect of drinking coffee on the PI of the CBF and its interaction with arterial stiffness remain unknown...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#5
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
May 18, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522299/most-advisable-strategy-in-search-of-asymptomatic-target-organ-damage-in-hypertensive-patients
#6
J Abellán-Huerta, L Prieto-Valiente, L Consuegra-Sánchez, S Montoro-García, A B Salguero-Merino, R Morales-López, J Abellán-Alemán, F Soria-Arcos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of seven examinations in order to define the most suitable strategy for target organ damage (TOD) search in hypertensive patients. METHODS: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. 153 consecutive treated and essential hypertensive patients were enrolled. Patients with established cardiovascular or chronic renal disease (stage ≥4) were excluded. TOD search was assessed by: glomerular filtration rate (GFR), albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram (ECO), ankle-brachial index (ABI), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and carotid ultrasound (intima media thickness and presence of plaques)...
May 15, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513244/different-relationship-between-physical-activity-arterial-stiffness-and-metabolic-status-in-obese-subjects
#7
Hyung Joon Joo, Sang-A Cho, Jae-Young Cho, Seunghun Lee, Jae Hyung Park, Cheol Woong Yu, Soon Jun Hong, Do-Sun Lim
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between physical activity and arterial stiffness has been shown in healthy persons, it remains controversial in obese persons. METHODS: From January to September 2014, we evaluated 795 obese subjects from 25 public health centers in Seoul. We compared physical activity and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) between obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (MO) and obese subjects without MetS (NMO). RESULTS: The MO group had more men, higher body mass index (BMI), higher fasting glucose level, lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level, and higher triglyceride level...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507296/sleep-disorder-an-independent-risk-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-menopause
#8
Yang Zhou, Ruwei Yang, Changbin Li, Minfang Tao
As women age and go through menopause, they suffer a higher incidence of sleep disorder, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, evidences suggested that sleep disorder was an important pathological indicator for coronary heart disease. However, the relationship between different menopausal status, sleep disorder and cardiovascular diseases was unclear. Thus, we aim to assess the association between sleep disorder with arterial stiffness in females of 40-60 years free of cardiovascular diseases through self-administered Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV)...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502918/ability-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-to-predict-the-3-month-outcome-in-patients-with-non-cardioembolic-stroke
#9
Hayato Matsushima, Naohisa Hosomi, Naoyuki Hara, Takeshi Yoshimoto, Shuichiro Neshige, Ryuhei Kono, Takahiro Himeno, Shinichi Takeshima, Kazuhiro Takamatsu, Yutaka Shimoe, Taisei Ota, Hirofumi Maruyama, Toshiho Ohtsuki, Masaru Kuriyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
AIM: Both the ankle brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are surrogates for atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of ABI and baPWV to predict stroke outcome in patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke. METHODS: This study included consecutive patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke admitted within 1 week after onset to Ota Memorial Hospital between January 2011 and December 2013. Baseline characteristics and National Institutes of Health stroke scale scores at admission were noted...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502539/racial-differences-in-functional-decline-in-peripheral-artery-disease-and-associations-with-socioeconomic-status-and-education
#10
Mary M McDermott, Tamar S Polonsky, Melina R Kibbe, Lu Tian, Lihui Zhao, William H Pearce, Ying Gao, Jack M Guralnik
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether blacks with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) have faster functional decline than whites with PAD. METHODS: Participants with ankle-brachial index <0.90 were identified from Chicago medical centers and observed longitudinally. Mobility impairment and the 6-minute walk were assessed at baseline and every 6 to 12 months. Mobility loss was defined as becoming unable to walk up and down a flight of stairs or to walk ¼ mile without assistance...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501727/methods-to-evaluate-arterial-structure-and-function-in-children-state-of-the-art-knowledge
#11
REVIEW
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
BACKGROUND: With increasing rates of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes in the pediatric population, wide available, and reproducible methods are necessary to evaluate arterial structure and function in children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed was searched for articles published in years 2012-2017 on methodology of, current knowledge on, and limitations of the most commonly used methods to evaluate central, proximal and coronary arteries, as well as endothelial function in pediatric patients...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493614/accuracy-of-physical-exam-ankle-brachial-index-and-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-arterial-injury-in-patients-with-penetrating-extremity-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ian S deSouza, Roshanak Benabbas, Sean McKee, Bardiya Zangbar, Ashika Jain, Lorenzo Paladino, Leon Boudourakis, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Penetrating Extremity Trauma (PET) may result in arterial injury, a rare but limb- and life-threatening surgical emergency. Accurate and timely diagnosis is vital to enable potential intervention and prevent significant morbidity. OBJECTIVES: Using a systematic review/meta-analysis approach, we determined the utility of Physical Examination (exam), Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), and Ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of arterial injury in ED patients who have sustained PET...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490753/wbc-count-predicts-the-risk-of-new-onset-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-a-chinese-community-based-population
#13
Yuxi Li, Fangfang Fan, Jia Jia, Jianping Li, Yong Huo, Yan Zhang
This longitudinal cohort study investigated whether peripheral WBC counts could predict peripheral arterial disease (PAD) incidence after a 2.3-year follow-up in a Chinese community-based population without PAD at baseline. A total of 3555 Chinese subjects without fever and PAD at baseline from an atherosclerosis cohort were included in our analysis. The ankle brachial index (ABI) was measured, and PAD was defined as an ABI <0.9. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the association of WBC count and new-onset PAD...
May 11, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488106/treatment-evaluation-of-flow-limiting-stenoses-of-the-superficial-femoral-and-popliteal-artery-by-parametric-color-coding-analysis-of-digital-subtraction-angiography-series
#14
Michael Kostrzewa, Kerim Kara, Lothar Pilz, Hannelore Mueller-Muertz, Nils Rathmann, Stefan O Schoenberg, Steffen J Diehl
PURPOSE: To evaluate the hemodynamic effect of percutaneous transluminal intervention (PTI) on stenosis of the superficial femoral (SFA) and popliteal arteries (PA) using time-density curves (TDCs) derived from digital subtraction angiography (DSA) series in correlation with ultrasound peak systolic velocity ratio (PSVR) and ankle brachial index (ABI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DSA series of SFA or PA of patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease was obtained with a flat-panel angiography system with intention-to-treat...
May 9, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483016/change-of-serum-angiopoietin-like-protein-2-and-its-significance-in-patients-with-arteriosclerotic-occlusion
#15
Yue Liang, Hao Nie, Hualiang Ren, Fangda Li, Cui Tian, Huihua Li, Yuehong Zheng
Objective To investigated the changes of angiopoietin-like protein 2(Angptl2) in patients with arteriosclerotic occlusion (ASO). Methods A total of 140 subjects including 75 ASO patients (ASO group) and 65 healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled in this study. Angptl2 and adiponectin were evaluated by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biochemical data and high sensitive C reactive protein were measured and recorded as well. Results Compared to the control group,the ASO group presented with significantly higher level of plasma Angptl2 [(13...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480636/the-relationship-between-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-artery-stiffness-in-subtypes-of-hypertension
#16
Huan Wang, Yuanhui Hu, Yanting Geng, Huaqin Wu, Yuguang Chu, Ruihua Liu, Yi Wei, Zhiling Qiu
Recently, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proved to be a useful indicator of inflammation and cardiovascular risk. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity is an indicator for early atherosclerotic changes. It is unknown whether NLR differs in subtypes of hypertension, and little research has been performed on the relationship between NLR and arteriosclerosis in subtypes of hypertension. The purpose of this article was to investigate their relationship. A total of 217 consecutive patients with hypertension and 132 persons without hypertension were included...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479452/cumulative-number-of-treatment-interventions-predicts-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#17
Matthew A Corriere, Matthew P Goldman, Ryan Barnard, Santiago Saldana, Jeanette M Stafford, Douglas Easterling, Edward H Ip, Gregory L Burke
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is usually assessed after a defined interval following a single intervention, but critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a chronic condition where multiple interventions are often required over a patient's lifetime. We hypothesized that the impact of CLI treatment interventions on QOL is diminished in the setting of multiple previous interventions. To test this hypothesis, we performed a cross-sectional study evaluating associations between cumulative number of previous PAD treatment interventions and QOL adjusting for both comorbidity and disease severity...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475443/evaluation-of-skin-perfusion-pressure-to-assess-refractory-foot-ulcers
#18
M Kawai, S Mihara, S Takahagi, K Iwamoto, T Hiragun, M Hide
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients with foot gangrene caused by critical ischaemia and severe infection is increasing significantly in developed countries. The measurement of perilesional skin blood flow by skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is useful to select the appropriate treatment of gangrenous lesions, in that it is not affected by calcifications of blood vessels. However, the prognosis of a foot ulcer may also be affected by the level of blood sugar and infections. This study aimed to validate the use of SPP in cases of foot gangrene and ulcers in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) and infection...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474150/association-of-arterial-stiffness-with-cognition-in-patients-with-lewy-body-disorder
#19
Dong-Woo Ryu, Joong-Seok Kim, Jee-Eun Lee, Jeong-Wook Park, Yoon-Sang Oh, Jae-Young An, Kwang-Soo Lee
The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a marker for arterial stiffness, which is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Arterial stiffness is associated with cognitive function in the elderly and patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We aimed to investigate the association between arterial stiffness and cognitive function in patients with Lewy body disorder (LBD), including Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We consecutively included 123 patients with PD, 10 patients with DLB, and 27 AD controls...
May 5, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473094/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-vascular-claudication-assessment-for-revascularization
#20
Osmanuddin Ahmed, Michael Hanley, Shelby J Bennett, Ankur Chandra, Benoit Desjardins, Kenneth L Gage, Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Michael Ginsburg, Heather L Gornik, Isabel B Oliva, Michael L Steigner, Richard Strax, Nupur Verma, Frank J Rybicki, Karin E Dill
Vascular claudication is a symptom complex characterized by reproducible pain and weakness in an active muscle group due to peripheral arterial disease. Noninvasive hemodynamic tests such as the ankle brachial index, toe brachial index, segmental pressures, and pulse volume recordings are considered the first imaging modalities necessary to reliably establish the presence and severity of arterial obstructions. Vascular imaging is consequently used for diagnosing individual lesions and triaging patients for medical, percutaneous, or surgical intervention...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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