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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340633/kinking-of-an-open-stent-graft-after-total-arch-replacement-with-the-frozen-elephant-technique-for-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#1
Akimasa Morisaki, Tadashi Isomura, Yasuhisa Fukada, Minoru Yoshida
Recently, in Japan, the J Graft Open Stent Graft (JOSG) was commercialized for surgical repair of an aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection and the frozen elephant trunk technique was applied. Kinking of the JOSG is a rare adverse event that requires additional intervention. We experienced 2 patients who developed kinking of a JOSG after translocated total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique for acute Type A aortic dissection. Both patients had intermittent claudication with a decreased ankle-brachial pressure index after the operation...
January 10, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339822/relationship-between-brachial-ankle-and-heart-femoral-pulse-wave-velocities-and-the-rapid-decline-of-kidney-function
#2
Sung Woo Lee, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae Hyun Yoo, Wookyung Chung, Sue K Park, Dong Wan Chae, Curie Ahn, Kook-Hwan Oh
The impact of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and heart-femoral pulse wave velocity (hfPWV) on rapid decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has been inconclusive. The database of a multicenter prospective study of 2238 patients in Korea enrolled from 2011 to 2016 was reviewed. After excluding patients with missing baPWV (n = 257) and eGFR change (n = 180), the study included 1801 non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The eGFR change <-5ml/min/1.73 m2/year was defined as rapid decline...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338049/contribution-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-to-improve-the-prediction-of-coronary-risk-the-artper-cohort
#3
Rosa Forés, Maria Teresa Alzamora, Guillem Pera, José Miguel Baena-Díez, Xavier Mundet-Tuduri, Pere Torán
BACKGROUND: The different cardiovascular risk prediction scales currently available are not sufficiently sensitive. AIM: The aim of the present study was to analyze the contribution of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) added to the Framingham and REGICOR risk scales for the reclassification of cardiovascular risk after a 9-year follow up of a Mediterranean population with low cardiovascular risk. DESIGN AND SETTING: A population-based prospective cohort study was performed in the province of Barcelona, Spain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327570/the-detour-procedure-no-more-need-for-conventional-bypass-surgery
#4
Dainis Krievins, Janis Savlovskis, Natalija Ezite, Andrew Hill, Kaspars Kisis, Marcis Gedins, Edgars Zellans, Andrew Holden
BACKGROUND: Long segment occlusive disease in the superficial femoral artery remains a treatment challenge despite advances in open surgical and endovascular approaches. We report initial clinical results of an entirely new procedure to perform femoropopliteal bypass using the DETOUR System to create a stentgraft bypass which originates in the SFA, travels through the femoral vein, and ends in the popliteal artery, bypassing the diseased segment. METHODS: Review the initial results of the first five patients at a single site enrolled in IRB-approved, prospective clinical study using the DETOUR System...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323191/abnormally-low-or-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-the-development-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Mei-Yueh Lee, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Jiun-Chi Huang, Wei-Hao Hsu, Szu-Chia Chen, Jer-Ming Chang, Shyi-Jang Shin
Although some studies have reported an association between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetes, whether or not a causal relationship exists is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PAD, as indicated by an abnormally low or high ankle-brachial index (ABI), is associated with the development of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) without DR. We enrolled 414 (221 men and 193 women) patients with type 2 DM who underwent ABI measurements at our outpatient clinic...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312468/survival-and-associated-risk-factors-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-amputations-caused-by-infectious-foot-gangrene
#6
Yu-Yao Huang, Cheng-Wei Lin, Hui-Mei Yang, Shih-Yuan Hung, I-Wen Chen
Background: Infectious gangrene of the foot is a serious complication of diabetes that usually leads to a certain level of lower-extremity amputation (LEA). Nevertheless, the long-term survival and factors associated with mortality in such patients have yet to be elucidated. Methods: A total of 157 patients with type 2 diabetes who received treatment for infectious foot gangrene at a major diabetic foot center in Taiwan from 2002 to 2009 were enrolled, of whom 90 had major LEAs (above the ankle) and 67 had minor LEAs (below the ankle)...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310327/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-pseudohypertension-in-elderly-patients-prepared-for-coronary-artery-angiography
#7
Xixi Dai, Haiya Wang, Ningyuan Fang
BACKGROUND: Pseudohypertension (PHT) can cause adverse effects in the elderly owing to administration of antihypertension therapy. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of PHT in the elderly and associated risk factors to investigate a noninvasive method of detection of PHT. METHODS: We recruited 151 patients (age ≥60 years) who underwent coronary angiography. Demographic and clinical data were collected from the patients. During coronary angiography, intrabrachial arterial pressure and indirect blood pressure were measured...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305825/slender-transradial-iliac-artery-stenting-using-a-4-5%C3%A2-french-guiding-sheath
#8
Norihiko Shinozaki, Takashi Minowa, Tsutomu Murakami, Yohei Ohno, Masataka Nakano, Toshiharu Fujii, Gaku Nakazawa, Fuminobu Yoshimachi, Yuji Ikari
We previously reported safety and usefulness of transradial iliac artery stenting using 6 Fr guiding sheath. However, radial artery occlusion was a major limitation of this procedure. We analyzed the safety and utility of slender transradial iliac artery stenting using a 4.5 Fr guiding sheath to prevent radial artery occlusion. We performed transradial iliac artery stenting in left radial artery, using a 4.5 Fr sheath incorporating a shaft length of 110 cm, for 34 lesions in 29 patients. Transradial intervention was attempted at the discretion of the operator...
January 5, 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305093/pilot-assessment-of-the-angiosome-concept-by-intra-operative-fluorescence-angiography-after-tibial-bypass-surgery
#9
Ulrich Rother, Werner Lang, Raymund E Horch, Ingo Ludolph, Alexander Meyer, Olaf Gefeller, Susanne Regus
OBJECTIVES: The "angiosome" concept as a model for decision making in revascularisation of patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) has been subject to lively discussion in recent years. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to use intra-operative fluorescence angiography to provide further data on the angiosome concept on the level of microcirculation after tibial bypass surgery. DESIGN, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of 40 patients presenting with CLI Rutherford stage IV to VI before and after tibial bypass surgery...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290494/high-and-immeasurable-ankle-brachial-index-as-predictor-of%C3%A2-poor-amputation-free-survival-in-critical-limb-ischemia
#10
Marlon I Spreen, Hendrik Gremmels, Martin Teraa, Ralf W Sprengers, Jasper M Martens, Marianne C Verhaar, Jan J Wever, Gert J de Borst, Jan A Vos, Willem P Th M Mali, Hans van Overhagen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic value of a high or immeasurable ankle-brachial index (ABI) at baseline for major amputation and amputation-free survival (AFS) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Data from two recent trials in patients with CLI and proven infrapopliteal arterial obstructive disease were pooled. Patients were allocated to the low (<0.7), intermediate (0.7-1.4), or high (>1.4)/immeasurable ABI subgroup...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290420/relationship-of-peripheral-and-coronary-artery-disease-to-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Daniele Pastori, Pasquale Pignatelli, Angela Sciacqua, Maria Perticone, Francesco Violi, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of concomitant asymptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) and pre-existing coronary artery disease (CAD) on cardiovascular events (CVEs) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. METHODS: Prospective multicenter study including 1138 anticoagulated AF patients. PAD was diagnosed by can ankle-brachial index (ABI)≤0.9, and CAD as a documented myocardial infarction (MI) or cardiac revascularization. The cohort was divided into 4 groups: group 0 (n=717) with no previous CAD and ABI >0...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285955/novel-nitinol-stent-for-lesions-up-to-24-cm-in-the-superficial-femoral-and-proximal-popliteal-arteries-24-month-results-from-the-tigris-randomized-trial
#12
John R Laird, Thomas Zeller, Christian Loewe, Jack Chamberlin, Richard Begg, Peter A Schneider, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Frank Bunch, Scott Schultz, Stuart Harlin, Alexandra Lansky, Michael R Jaff
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the TIGRIS stent for lesions up to 24 cm in the superficial femoral and proximal popliteal arteries (SFA/PPA). METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, randomized study enrolled 274 subjects at 36 sites in the United States and Europe. Subjects were randomly assigned in a 3:1 ratio to treatment with the TIGRIS stent (n=197; mean age 66.7±9.28 years; 141 men) or LifeStent (n=70; mean age 67.9±8.87 years; 49 men)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282129/dietary-patterns-plasma-vitamins-and-trans-fatty-acids-are-associated-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#13
Mohsen Mazidi, Nathan D Wong, Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between dietary patterns (DP), plasma vitamins and trans fatty acids (TFAs) with the likelihood of peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data for the years 1999-2002 were used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Plasma concentrations of vitamins were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. Vitamin D levels were measured by radioimmunoassay...
December 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278423/exercise-for-intermittent-claudication
#14
REVIEW
Risha Lane, Amy Harwood, Lorna Watson, Gillian C Leng
BACKGROUND: Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other, more invasive therapies for treatment of leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is the fourth update of a review first published in 1998. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to determine whether an exercise programme was effective in alleviating symptoms and increasing walking treadmill distances and walking times in people with intermittent claudication. Secondary objectives were to determine whether exercise was effective in preventing deterioration of underlying disease, reducing cardiovascular events, and improving quality of life...
December 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276418/peripheral-artery-occlusive-disease-among-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-receiving-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#15
Thanawat Rattanathammethee, Adisak Tantiworawit, Ekarat Rattarittamrong, Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sasinee Hantrakool, Arintaya Phrommintikul, Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Siriluck Gunaparn, Lalita Norasetthada
Background: There were some reports of peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) associated with nilotinib usage in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). These complications in other tyrosine kinase inhibitors are revealed as unknown. Materials and methods: We determined the prevalence of PAOD in patients with CML as compared with matched-control population by cross-sectional case-control study. Peripheral artery occlusive disease was screened by ankle-brachial index (ABI)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276107/relationship-of-femoral-artery-ultrasound-measures-of-atherosclerosis-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Simon Hsu, Dena E Rifkin, Michael H Criqui, Natalie C Suder, Pranav Garimella, Charles Ginsberg, Antoinette M Marasco, Belinda J McQuaide, Emma J Barinas-Mitchell, Matthew A Allison, Christina L Wassel, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Detection of subclinical PAD may allow early interventions for or prevention of PAD in persons with CKD. Whether the presence of atherosclerotic plaque and femoral intima-media thickness (IMT) are associated with kidney function is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional observational study of 1029 community-living adults. We measured superficial and common femoral artery IMT and atherosclerotic plaque presence by ultrasound...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275523/obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-increased-long-term-cardiovascular-events-in-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Rebeca R Harmon, Jose Jayme G De Lima, Luciano F Drager, Natanael P Portilho, Valéria Costa-Hong, Luiz A Bortolotto, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Maria Eugênia F Canziani
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The reasons for the high prevalence and whether OSA is associated with vascular impairment, end-organ damage, and prognosis are not completely clear. METHODS: We evaluated patients with low cardiovascular risk on HD, not treated by CPAP. Laboratory tests, sleep questionnaires (Berlin and Epworth) and polysonography studies, echocardiography, and markers of arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis were performed...
December 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273390/outcomes-of-patients-with-critical-limb-ischaemia-in-the-euclid-trial
#18
Lars Norgren, Manesh R Patel, William R Hiatt, Daniel M Wojdyla, F Gerry R Fowkes, Iris Baumgartner, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Jeffrey S Berger, W Schuyler Jones, Brian G Katona, Peter Held, Juuso I Blomster, Frank W Rockhold, Martin Björck
OBJECTIVES: Critical limb ischaemia (CLI) implies an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and the optimal antithrombotic treatment is not established. DESIGN, MATERIALS, METHODS: The EUCLID trial investigated the effect of monotherapy with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in 13,885 patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD); the primary endpoint was cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or ischaemic stroke. Patients planned for revascularisation or amputation within 3 months, were excluded...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273183/-diagnosis-of-lower-limb-peripheral-artery-disease
#19
Guillaume Mahé, Vincent Jaquinandi
Lower limb peripheral artery disease is highly prevalent worldwide and in France. Three different stages can be found: asymptomatic stage, exercise ischemia stage, rest ischemia stage. This review based on current recommendations presents how to diagnose the different stages (Ankle brachial index, Toe-brachial index, oxymetry at rest and exercise oxymetry) in order to manage these patients.
December 19, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262409/early-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
Silvia Lai, Daniela Mastroluca, Silvia Matino, Valeria Panebianco, Antonio Vitarelli, Lidia Capotosto, Irene Turinese, Paolo Marinelli, Marco Rossetti, Alessandro Galani, Pia Baiocchi, Anna R D'Angelo, Paolo Palange
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients, often before the onset of renal failure, and the pathogenetic mechanism is not yet well elucidated. The aim of the study was to identify early and noninvasive markers of cardiovascular risk in young ADPKD patients, in the early stages of disease. METHODS: A total of 26 patients with ADPKD and 24 control group, matched for age and sex, were enrolled, and we have assessed inflammatory indexes, mineral metabolism, metabolic state and markers of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction (carotid intima media thickness (IMT), ankle brachial index (ABI), flow mediated dilation (FMD), renal resistive index (RRI), left ventricular mass index (LVMI)) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), maximal O2 uptake (V'O2max), and O2 uptake at lactic acid threshold (V'O2@LT)...
December 15, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
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